Encyclopedia Astronautica
A6



a6.jpg
A6 3 View
Credit: Gary Webster
a6300.jpg
A6 3 view
Credit: Gary Webster
German intermediate range cruise missile. The A6 designation was applied to a version of the A5 subscale V-2 using alternate propellants. It also seems to have been applied to a manned, ramjet-powered version of the A9 winged V-2.

The manned A6 was designed to further extend the range of the A4b winged rocket through use of a ramjet for cruise propulsion. The A6 was proposed to the German Air Ministry as an invulnerable photo reconnaissance aircraft (anticipating the SR-71 aircraft by twenty years). The rocket engine would accelerate the vehicle to supersonic speed and an apogee of 95 km. After re-entering the atmosphere and beginning the supersonic glide phase, the ramjet would be ignited. Burning synthetic petrol or coal slurry, it provided fifteen to twenty minutes of cruise at 2,900 km/hr. This would have allowed the aircraft to return to base, unlike the A4b. One pilot was provided with a pressurized cockpit. The reusable A6 would be launched vertically but land on a conventional airfield using landing gear and a drag parachute.

The German Air Ministry had no identified requriement for such an aircraft and the project was rejected. However unmanned variants were considered after the war in both the United States and Soviet Union. These were developed during the course of the 1950's into the awesome intercontinental Mach 3 cruise missiles: the American Navaho in the United States and the Russian Burya / Buran.

Status: Design 1943.
Height: 15.75 m (51.67 ft).
Diameter: 6.33 m (20.76 ft).
Thrust: 123.00 kN (27,651 lbf).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Von Braun American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Von Braun, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • Michels, Juergen and Przybilski, Olaf, Peenemuende und seine Erben in Ost und West, Bernard & Graefe, Bonn, 1997.
  • Webster, Gary, Jagdflieger Homepage, As of May 1999. Web Address when accessed: here.

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