Encyclopedia Astronautica
A-4


German production version.

Failures: 6. Success Rate: 86.36%. First Fail Date: 1944-08-18. Last Fail Date: 1947-11-10.

Gross mass: 12,800 kg (28,200 lb).
Height: 13.60 m (44.60 ft).
Diameter: 1.65 m (5.41 ft).
Thrust: 270.00 kN (60,690 lbf).
Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).
First Launch: 1944.07.24.
Last Launch: 1947.11.13.
Number: 44 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...
  • V-2 The V-2 ballistic missile (known to its designers as the A4) was the world's first operational liquid fuel rocket. It represented an enormous quantum leap in technology, financed by Nazi Germany in a huge development program that cost at least $ 2 billion in 1944 dollars. 6,084 V-2 missiles were built, 95% of them by 20,000 slave labourer in the last seven months of World War II at a unit price of $ 17,877. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Von Braun American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Von Braun, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Heidelager German test range for production V-2 missiles, used for 278 launches from 1943 to 1944, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Heidekraut German test range for production V-2 missiles. Used for 265 launches from 1944 to 1945, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages
  • A-4 Lox/Alcohol propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 12,805/4,008 kg. Thrust 311.80 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 239 seconds. V-2 production version. More...

A-4 Chronology


1944 July 24 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • Last Blizna launch - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1944 August 1 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1944 August 15 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18311.
1944 August 15 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18312.
1944 August 15 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18310.
1944 August 15 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18314.
1944 August 15 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18321.
1944 August 15 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18315.
1944 August 15 - . 19:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18319.
1944 August 16 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18318.
1944 August 16 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18317.
1944 August 16 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18323.
1944 August 16 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18328.
1944 August 17 - . 12:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18320.
1944 August 17 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18316.
1944 August 17 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18327.
1944 August 17 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18324.
1944 August 17 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18325.
1944 August 18 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18326.
1944 August 18 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18345.
1944 August 18 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18350. FAILURE: Failure.
1944 August 18 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18336.
1944 August 18 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18339.
1944 August 18 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18349.
1944 August 18 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18346.
1944 August 22 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18322.
1944 August 23 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18210.
1944 August 24 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18209.
1944 August 26 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18344. FAILURE: Failure.
1944 August 26 - . 05:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18337.
1944 August 26 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18333.
1944 August 30 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18334.
1944 September 1 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1947 October 18 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 010T.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi). Summary: Range achieved 206.7 km. Destroyed during ballistic portion of flight..

1947 October 20 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 04T.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Summary: Range achieved 231.4 km. Tore loose from launch stand; flew 180 km left of planned target..

1947 October 23 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 08T. FAILURE: Payload destroyed, leading to rocket disintegration..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Range achieved 29.4 km..

1947 October 28 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 03T.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Summary: Range achieved 274.3 km. Achieved objectives..

1947 October 31 - . 13:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 06T. FAILURE: Loss of control on longitudinal axis..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Range achieved 2 km..

1947 November 2 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 14N.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Range achieved 260 km. Achieved objective..

1947 November 3 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 30N. FAILURE: Rolled after launch and lost stabilization..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Range achieved 2.3 km..

1947 November 4 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 01T.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi). Summary: Range achieved 268 km. Met objectives..

1947 November 10 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 21N. FAILURE: Lost guidance..
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: Range achieved 24.4 km..

1947 November 13 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 22N.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1947 November 13 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 19N.
  • Soviet V-2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi). Summary: Range achieved 270 km. Broke up on re-entry..

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