Encyclopedia Astronautica
8K79


Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Korolev 1961 design for a single stage military rocket. A competing missile was selected for the requirement.

From 1960 to 1961 Korolev's design bureau worked on this lightweight single stage IRBM. The 25 tonne missile could hurl an 800 kg warhead over a 2300 km range. Described as a 'bubble around an engine', the compact conical missile's toroidal tanks surrounded a single-chamber Isayev engine using AK-27I/TM-185 storable propellants. The rocket featured automatic guidance, instantaneous launch capability, and was air-transportable. Both mobile and fixed versions were designed, and the small missile was easy to camouflage. Brezhnev inspected a mock-up of the missile in 1960, and development was planned for 1962-1965. However a competing missile was selected for the requirement and Korolev closed the project work in September 1961.

to a: 2300 km range. Standard warhead: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Maximum range: 2,300 km (1,400 mi).

Status: Study 1960.
Gross mass: 25,000 kg (55,000 lb).
Payload: 800 kg (1,760 lb).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • Vetrov, G S, S. P. Korolev i evo delo, Nauka, Moscow, 1998.

8K79 Chronology


1961 September - . Launch Vehicle: 8K79; MR.
  • Korolev closes work on MR, 8K79 missiles. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. From 1960 to 1961 Korolev's design bureau worked on the single stage 8K79 military rocket. The 25 tonne missile could hurl an 800 kg warhead over a 2300 km range. A competing missile was selected for the requirement. Korolev's MR was based on stages already designed for the 8K74 and 8K77 missiles. The three-stage space launch version of the rocket would have a total mass of 101 tonnes; an ICBM version would be composed of just the first and second stages, and an IRBM version from the first stage alone.

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