Encyclopedia Astronautica
STS-97



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STS-97
Credit: NASA
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STS-97
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Crew: Jett, Bloomfield, Tanner, Garneau, Noriega. Installed a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS.

Endeavour was launched on an assembly mission to the to the International Space Station (ISS). The main mission was to install a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS. The external tank and the Orbiter entered a 74 x 325 km orbit at 0314 GMT. Endeavour's OMS burn raised its perigee to 205 km at around 0347 GMT; the ET re-entered over the Pacific. Endeavour docked with the Station's PMA-3 docking port at 1959 GMT on December 2. Astronauts then installed the P6 solar panel truss to the station during a series of spacewalks. The P6 was made up of the LS (Long Spacer), PV-1 IEA (Integrated Equipment Assembly) and the PVAA (Photovoltaic Array). The LS carried two Thermal Control Systems with radiators to eject waste heat from the Station; these radiators were to be moved to truss segments S4 and S6 later in assembly. The PVAA had solar array wings SAW-2B and SAW-4B, which deployed to a span of 73 meters. Only after completion of three station assembly space walks on December 3, 5, and 7 did the Endeavour crew enter the station (at 1436 GMT on December 8), delivering supplies to Alpha's Expedition One crew. Hatches were closed again at 1551 GMT December 9, and Endeavour undocked at 1913 GMT the same day. After one flyaround of the station, Endeavour fired its engines to depart the vicinity at 2017 GMT December 9. The deorbit burn was at 2158 GMT on December 11, changing the orbit from 351 x 365 km to 27 x 365 km, with landing at Runway 15 of Kennedy Space Center at 2303 GMT.

The payload bay of Endeavour for STS-97 contained a total cargo of 18740 kg:

  • Bay 1-2:
    • Orbiter Docking System 1800 kg
    • 3 EMU spacesuits (S/N unknown) 360 kg
    • FPPU experiment (in airlock) 23 kg. The FPPU (Floating Potential Probe Experiment) was installed on P6 to measure charge build-up as the arrays pass through the ionosphere plasma. P6 had devices to bleed off excess charge, and FPPU would monitor their effectiveness.
    • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
    • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
  • Bay 3-6:
    • ITS P6 Long Spacer 4000 kg
    • TCS radiator (aft) 500 kg
    • TCS radiator (starboard) 500 kg
  • Bay 8-11:
    • ITS P6 Integrated Equipment Assembly 7200 kg
    • PV radiator P6 500 kg
  • Bay 12-13:
    • ITS P6 Photovoltaic Array/Beta Gimbal Assembly. 1000 kg
    • Solar array wing 2B 1070 kg
    • Solar array wing 4B 1070 kg
  • Bay 13S: IMAX Cargo Bay Camera 238 kg
  • Sill: Canadarm RMS 303 410 kg

AKA: Endeavour; ISS-4A.
First Launch: 2000.12.01.
Last Launch: 2000.12.11.
Duration: 10.83 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Garneau Garneau, Dr Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc (1949-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-77, STS-97. First Canadian astronaut. More...
  • Tanner Tanner, Joseph Richard 'Joe' (1950-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115. More...
  • Jett Jett, Brent Ward Jr (1958-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-81, STS-97, STS-115. More...
  • Bloomfield Bloomfield, Michael John 'Bloomer' (1959-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-86, STS-97, STS-110. Grew up in Lake Fenton, Michigan. More...
  • Noriega Noriega, Carlos Ismael (1959-) Hispanic-American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-84, STS-97. Grew up in Santa Clara, California. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Endeavour American manned spaceplane. 25 launches, 1992.05.07 to 2011.05.16. Built as a replacement after the loss of the Challenger; named after the first ship commanded by James Cook. More...

See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • NASA Houston American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Houston, Houston, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

STS-97 Chronology


2000 December 1 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts spent much of Friday checking out equipment to be used for Saturday's docking with the International Space Station, subsequent assembly operations and three space walks. For much of the crew's day, their spacecraft was gaining on the space station at about 500 statute miles each 90-minute orbit of the Earth. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 1 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Astronauts will fire the Space Shuttle Endeavour's large orbital maneuvering thrusters twice today as they make their way toward the International Space Station, where three fellow space travelers await their Saturday arrival.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 1 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-97.
  • STS-97 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Jett; Bloomfield; Tanner; Garneau; Noriega. Payload: Endeavour F15. Mass: 120,742 kg (266,190 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Jett; Bloomfield; Tanner; Garneau; Noriega. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 10.83 days. Decay Date: 2000-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 26630 . COSPAR: 2000-078A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Endeavour was launched on an assembly mission to the to the International Space Station (ISS). The main mission was to install a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS. The external tank and the Orbiter entered a 74 x 325 km orbit at 0314 GMT. Endeavour's OMS burn raised its perigee to 205 km at around 0347 GMT; the ET re-entered over the Pacific. Endeavour docked with the Station's PMA-3 docking port at 1959 GMT on December 2. Astronauts then installed the P6 solar panel truss to the station during a series of spacewalks. The P6 was made up of the LS (Long Spacer), PV-1 IEA (Integrated Equipment Assembly) and the PVAA (Photovoltaic Array). The LS carried two Thermal Control Systems with radiators to eject waste heat from the Station; these radiators were to be moved to truss segments S4 and S6 later in assembly. The PVAA had solar array wings SAW-2B and SAW-4B, which deployed to a span of 73 meters. Only after completion of three station assembly space walks on December 3, 5, and 7 did the Endeavour crew enter the station (at 1436 GMT on December 8), delivering supplies to Alpha's Expedition One crew. Hatches were closed again at 1551 GMT December 9, and Endeavour undocked at 1913 GMT the same day. After one flyaround of the station, Endeavour fired its engines to depart the vicinity at 2017 GMT December 9. The deorbit burn was at 2158 GMT on December 11, changing the orbit from 351 x 365 km to 27 x 365 km, with landing at Runway 15 of Kennedy Space Center at 2303 GMT.

    The payload bay of Endeavour for STS-97 contained a total cargo of 18740 kg:

    • Bay 1-2:
      • Orbiter Docking System 1800 kg
      • 3 EMU spacesuits (S/N unknown) 360 kg
      • FPPU experiment (in airlock) 23 kg. The FPPU (Floating Potential Probe Experiment) was installed on P6 to measure charge build-up as the arrays pass through the ionosphere plasma. P6 had devices to bleed off excess charge, and FPPU would monitor their effectiveness.
      • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
      • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
    • Bay 3-6:
      • ITS P6 Long Spacer 4000 kg
      • TCS radiator (aft) 500 kg
      • TCS radiator (starboard) 500 kg
    • Bay 8-11:
      • ITS P6 Integrated Equipment Assembly 7200 kg
      • PV radiator P6 500 kg
    • Bay 12-13:
      • ITS P6 Photovoltaic Array/Beta Gimbal Assembly. 1000 kg
      • Solar array wing 2B 1070 kg
      • Solar array wing 4B 1070 kg
    • Bay 13S: IMAX Cargo Bay Camera 238 kg
    • Sill: Canadarm RMS 303 410 kg


2000 December 2 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Docking day for the crew of Endeavour began at 7:06 a.m. CST with the Shuttle about 700 miles away from the first linkup of a Shuttle and an inhabited International Space Station. The crew was awakened to the song, "I Believe I Can Fly," by R. Kelly.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 2 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts executed a flawless docking to the inhabited International Space Station at 2 p.m. Saturday and took the first step in providing additional power to the orbiting complex in preparation for the first of three planned space walks Sunday. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 3 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. "It's kind of like Christmas up here going through these bags." With that comment, International Space Station Expedition 1 Commander Bill Shepherd indicated his happiness about the equipment, supplies and care packages today that were dropped by Endeavour's astronauts following Saturday's shuttle docking with the station. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 3 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Jett; Noriega; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: The International Space Station spread one of its wings Sunday night as the first half of the P6 solar array was unfurled after Endeavour astronauts installed the 17.5-ton P6 solar array structure.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 4 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Ross; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour astronauts deployed the second of two huge solar wings on the International Space Station Monday in a slow and deliberate, almost two-hour-plus process that began at 6:52 p.m. The other solar wing, the starboard wing, was deployed nonstop Sunday in about 13 minutes. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 4 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Jett; Noriega; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Following a busy weekend that saw the crew of Endeavour dock with the International Space Station and install the new U.S. solar array structure during a 7 ½ hour space walk, the STS-97 astronauts have light duty on their schedule today before continuing activation of the new station power generation system. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 4 - . 18:35 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-97-1 - . Crew: Tanner; Noriega. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.32 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tanner; Noriega. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: International Space Station. The first STS-97 spacewalk began with airlock depress and hatch open at 1831 GMT on December 3. The suits went to battery power at 1835 GMT and Joe Tanner and Carlos Noriega left the airlock around 1845 GMT. Around 1932 GMT the RMS arm berthed P6 on the Z1 truss, and the astronauts manually latched it in place by 1940 GMT. There were some problems releasing latches on the solar array wings, but the first solar array began to deploy at 0123 GMT on December 4. This was the "starboard" (+X) array, wing SAW-2B. The port (-X) array, SAW-4B, was left undeployed. The astronauts closed the hatch at 0202 GMT on Dec 4 and repressurized at 0209 GMT. The P6 PVR radiator was deployed on the +Y side of the IEA at 0414 GMT on December 4. The SAW-4B wing was deployed starting at 0052 GMT on December 5.

2000 December 5 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour astronauts completed the second of the STS-97 mission's three space walks Tuesday, hooking up power and data cables and connecting ammonia coolant lines between the International Space Station's new solar array truss and the rest of the ISS. They also prepared a docking port for a January move to another area on the space station to get ready for arrival of the U.S. laboratory Destiny. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 5 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Space walk number two is at the top of the agenda for Endeavour's astronauts today as they continue work to install, connect and activate the International Space Station's new solar arrays.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 5 - . 17:21 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-97-2 - . Crew: Tanner; Noriega. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tanner; Noriega. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: International Space Station. The spacewalk began on December 5 with depress at 1718 GMT, hatch open around 1719 GMT and battery power at 1721 GMT. Repress was at 2358 GMT. The astronauts connected up P6 to the station, inspected the tension wires on wing 2B, and relocated the S-band antenna to the top of P6. They unlatched the aft TCS radiator, which was deployed sometime early on December 6.

2000 December 6 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts today will prepare for a third planned space walk, getting their tools ready and preparing the Floating Potential Probe for installation on the exterior of the International Space Station to measure the electrical potential of plasma around the station. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 6 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts worked Wednesday to get ready for the Thursday space walk by Mission Specialists Joe Tanner and Carlos Noriega. They also took a few hours off to rest and enjoy the view from their spacecraft, moving at five miles a second about 235 miles above the Earth. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 7 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Space walking Endeavour astronauts sailed through an add-on job to tension a solar blanket Thursday, then completed their other tasks in textbook fashion. They topped off their scheduled activities with an image of an evergreen tree placed atop the P6 solar array structure, the highest point in their construction project. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 7 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Two of Endeavour's astronauts will return to their jobs as orbiting construction workers today, installing probes that will measure electrical potential surrounding the station and performing some added "warranty work" on solar array blankets that didn't stretch out completely on Sunday. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 7 - . 16:13 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-97-3 - . Crew: Tanner; Noriega. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tanner; Noriega. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: International Space Station. Astronauts Noriega and Tanner on December 7 performed EVA-3 to fix the tension in the SAW-2B solar array on the Station. Airlock depress was at 1609 GMT, hatch open at 1610 GMT and battery power at 1613 GMT. The astronauts left the airlock a few minutes later, probably about 1620 GMT. After fixing the solar array they installed the FPPU device to measure plasma conditions near the top of P6 and performed a few other minor tasks. They returned to the airlock at around 2110 GMT, closing the hatch at 2119 and repressurizing at 2122.

2000 December 8 - .
2000 December 8 - .
2000 December 9 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Endeavour's astronauts said good-bye to the crew aboard the International Space Station at 9:51 a.m. CST today, closing the hatches between the two vehicles in preparation for undocking at 1:13 p.m.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 9 - .
2000 December 10 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. After their successful mission to the International Space Station, Endeavour astronauts spent much of Sunday getting ready to land at Kennedy Space Center Monday afternoon. They tested Endeavour's controls and stowed equipment in preparation for their 5:04 p.m. CST landing in Florida. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 10 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Endeavour's five-member crew will pack up and get ready to come home today after successfully completing all the objectives of the STS-97 mission to help the International Space Station spread its wings.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 11 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Endeavour's astronauts were awakened this morning to Bing Crosby's "I'll Be Home for Christmas," beginning what should be their final day in orbit as they prepare for a landing this evening at the Kennedy Space Center.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 11 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour and its five astronauts returned home to the Kennedy Space Center Monday evening, wrapping up a mission that delivered first set of U.S.-provided solar arrays to the Expedition One crew aboard the International Space Station, increasing power to the complex five fold in setting the stage for future station assembly. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 11 - .
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