Encyclopedia Astronautica
STS-3



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Air-to-air views of STS-3 launch from T-38 chase aircraft
Credit: NASA
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Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
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MOCR activity during STS-3 mission
Credit: NASA
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Pilot Fullerton dons anti-g and ejection escape suit (EES) on middeck
Credit: NASA
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Night firing of orbiter Columbia's thrusters
Credit: NASA
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Pilot Fullerton plans menu as packaged food and beverages float around him
Credit: NASA
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Commander Lousma examines Insect Flight Motion Study
Credit: NASA
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View of the Columbia's aft section while over Morocco's Atlantic Coast
Credit: NASA
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Pilot Fullerton eats on middeck
Credit: NASA
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Payload bay, Northern Persian Gulf Region
Credit: NASA
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Los Angeles, CA.
Credit: NASA
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Commander Lousma is surrounded by a week's worth of trash on the middeck
Credit: NASA
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Commander Lousma sleeps on aft flight deck
Credit: NASA
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Earth Limb and Hurricane Clouds over Open Ocean, Location Unknown
Credit: NASA
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Air-to-air coverage of orbiter inspection during its descent
Credit: NASA
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EMU TV system test
Credit: NASA
Crew: Fullerton, Lousma. First and only landing by a shuttle at White Sands, New Mexico, after weather at Edwards did not permit landing there.

Manned two crew. Payloads: Office of Space Science (OSS) experiments, Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Electro-phoresis Verification Test (EEVT), Plant Lignification Experiment. First and only landing by a shuttle at White Sands, New Mexico, after weather at Edwards did not permit landing there.

Orbits of Earth: 129. Distance traveled: 7,081,113 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 106,782 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 93,924 kg. Payload to Orbit: 10,301 kg. Payload Returned: 10,301 kg. Landed at: Runway 17 dry lake bed at White Sands Missile Rang. Landing Speed: 407 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 332 m. Landing Rollout: 4,187 m.

NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: STS-3 (3)
COLUMBIA (3)
Pad 39-A (15)
3rd Shuttle mission
3rd Flight OV-102
Extended mission
2nd RMS Mission
1st White Sands landing

Crew:
Jack R. Lousma (2), Commander
C. Gordon Fullerton (1), Pilot Backup

Crew: (after STS-3, backup crews were no longer named)
Thomas K. Mattingly (1), Commander
Henry W. Hartsfield (0), Jr., Pilot

Milestones:
OPF - Nov. 26,1981
VAB - Feb. 3, 1982
PAD - Feb, 16, 1982

Payload:
OSS-1,DFI(3),MLR,EEVT,HBT,SSIP(x1),GAS(x1)
Mission Objectives:
Demonstrate safe re-launch and safe return of the orbiter and crew. Verify the combined performance of the entire shuttle vehicle - orbiter, solid rocket boosters and external tank.
Payloads included the 8,740lb Office of Space Science (OSS-1) Pallet consisting of the Plant Lignification Experiment, the Plasma Diagnostic Package (PDP), the Vehical Charging and Potential (VCAP) experiment, the Space Shuttle Induced Atmosphere experiment, the Thermal Canister experiment, the Solar Flare X-Ray Polarimeter, the Solar Ultraviolet and Spectral Irradiance Monitor (SUSIM), the Contamination Monitor Package and the Foil Microabrasion Package. Also in the payload bay was the 11,048lb Development Flight Instrumentation (DFI) Pallet and the 448lb Aerodynamic Coefficient Identification Package (ACIP).
The crew compartment housed the Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR) experiment and the Heflex Bioengineering Test (HBT) experiment.

Launch:
March 22, 1982, 11:00:00 a.m. EST. Launch delayed one hour due to failure of heater on nitrogen gas ground support line. Launch Weight: 235,415 lbs.
Orbit:
Altitude: 147nm
Inclination: 38.0 degrees
Orbits: 130
Duration: Eight days, zero hours. Four minutes, 46 seconds.
Distance: 3,334,904 miles

Hardware:
SRB: BI-003
SRM: 003SW(SPM)
ET : 4/SWT-3
MLP: 1
SSME-1: SN-2007
SSME-2: SN-2006
SSME-3: SN-2005

Landing:
March 30, 1982,9:04:46 a.m. MST, Runway 17, Northrup Strip, White Sands, N.M. Rollout distance: 13,737 feet. Rollout time: 84 seconds. Landing site changed from Edwards to White Sands due to wet conditions on Edwards dry lake bed landing site. High winds at White Sands resulted in one day extension of mission, Some brake damage upon landing and dust storm caused extensive contamination of orbiter. Orbiter returned to KSC April 6, 1982. Landing Weight: 207,072 lbs.

Mission Highlights:
Testing continued of Space Shuttle systems for qualification for operational flights. Testing of remote manipulator system and measurements of thermal response of orbiter in various attitudes to sun conducted. Get Away Special test canister and Spacelab pallet-mounted experiments for NASA's Office of Space Science- 1 (OSS-1) carried in payload bay. 0SS-1 obtained data on near- Earth space environment, including contamination (gases, dust, etc.) introduced into space by orbiter itself. Other experiments: Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Electrophoresis Equipment Verification Test (EEVT), Heflex Bioengineering Test (HBT) and first Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiment. Problems encountered: space sickness, malfunctioning toilet, thermostat difficulty and unexplained static interfering with crew sleep. Auxiliary power unit registered overheating during ascent, but functioned properly during descent. Three communications links lost.

AKA: Columbia.
First Launch: 1982.03.22.
Last Launch: 1982.03.30.
Duration: 8.00 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Lousma Lousma, Jack Robert (1936-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 3, STS-3. More...
  • Fullerton Fullerton, Charles Gordon (1936-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-3, STS-51-F. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Columbia American manned spaceplane. 28 launches, 1981.04.12 (STS-1) to 2003.01.16 (STS-107). Columbia, the first orbiter in the Shuttle fleet, was named after the sloop that accomplished the first American circumnavigation of the globe. More...

See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • NASA Houston American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Houston, Houston, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

STS-3 Chronology


1982 March 22 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-3.
  • STS-3 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Fullerton; Lousma. Payload: Columbia F03 / OSS-1. Mass: 10,301 kg (22,709 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fullerton; Lousma. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-3. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13106 . COSPAR: 1982-022A. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 241 km (149 mi). Inclination: 38.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Payloads: Office of Space Science (OSS) experiments, Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Electro-phoresis Verification Test (EEVT), Plant Lignification Experiment..

1982 March 30 - .
  • Landing of STS-3 - . Return Crew: Fullerton; Lousma. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fullerton; Lousma. Program: STS. Flight: STS-3. Summary: First and only landing by a shuttle at White Sands, New Mexico, after weather at Edwards did not permit landing there. STS-3 landed at 16:04 GMT..

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