Encyclopedia Astronautica
Lambda



lamda4s.jpg
Lamda-4S
Lamda-4S - COSPAR 1970-011
All solid-propellant vehicle, Japan's first satellite launcher. The L-4S project simulated the procedures and demonstrated the capabilities required for orbital satellite launch essential to the follow-on Mu project.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Ohsumi Japanese technology satellite. 4 launches, 1966.09.26 (Ohsumi 1) to 1969.09.22 (Ohsumi 4). Small engineering test satellites lofted by Japan's first indigenous launch vehicle. More...
  • Osumi Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 1970.02.11, Ohsumi 5. Engineering test for the launching of scientific satellites. Injection point 29.7 N, 145.8 E. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • LS-A Japanese test vehicle. Early suborbital test version of the Lambda rocket series. More...
  • Lambda Japanese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. All solid-propellant vehicle, Japan's first satellite launcher. The L-4S project simulated the procedures and demonstrated the capabilities required for orbital satellite launch essential to the follow-on Mu project. More...
  • Lambda 3 Japanese test vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 2 x SB-310 + 1 x L735 + 1 x K420 + 1 x Kappa 8 More...
  • Lambda 3H Japanese test vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 2 x SB-310 + 1 x L735 + 1 x L735(1/3) + 1 x L500 More...
  • Lambda 4S Japanese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Five stage vehicle consisting of 2 x SB-310 + 1 x L735 + 1 x L735(1/3) + 1 x L500 + 1 x L480S More...
  • LS-C Japanese test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x LS-C Booster + 1 x LS-C More...
  • LSC-3 Japanese test vehicle. Early suborbital test version of the Lambda rocket series. More...
  • Lambda 4T Japanese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Five stage vehicle consisting of 2 x SB-310 + 1 x L735 + 1 x L735(1/3) + 1 x L500 + 1 x L480S More...
  • Lambda 4SC Japanese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Five stage vehicle consisting of 2 x SB-310 + 1 x L735 + 1 x L735(1/3) + 1 x L500 + 1 x L480S More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...
  • Niijima Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site, known to have been used for 18 launches from 1963 to 1965, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tanegashima Japan's main launch site for he larger N and H launch vehicles. In use for sounding rockets from 1967 and orbital launches from 1975. As of 2007 over 140 major launches had been made from the site. More...

Lambda Chronology


1963 August 10 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-A. LV Configuration: LS-A Sustainer.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 August 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 2. LV Configuration: Lambda 2 L-2-1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ionosphere / test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1963 December 11 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 2. LV Configuration: Lambda 2 L-2-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi).

1964 July 11 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3. LV Configuration: Lambda 3 L-3-1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi).

1964 July 22 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-A. LV Configuration: LS-A-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 July 22 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-A. LV Configuration: LS-A-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 January 31 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3. LV Configuration: Lambda 3 L-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,040 km (640 mi).

1965 March 18 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3. LV Configuration: Lambda 3 L-3-3.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,085 km (674 mi).

1965 November 22 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-A. LV Configuration: LS-A-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 March 5 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-1.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,829 km (1,136 mi).

1966 July 23 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-2.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 September 26 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. LV Configuration: Lambda 4S L-4S-1. FAILURE: Fourth stage attitude control failed.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 1 - . Payload: L-4S-1. Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1966-09-26 . COSPAR: F660926A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1966 December 20 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. LV Configuration: Lambda 4S L-4S-2. FAILURE: Fourth stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 2 - . Payload: L-4S-2. Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1966-12-19 . COSPAR: F661220A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1967 February 6 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-3.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 2,150 km (1,330 mi).

1967 April 13 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. LV Configuration: Lambda 4S L-4S-3. FAILURE: Fourth stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 3 - . Payload: L-4S-3. Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1967-04-13 . COSPAR: F670413A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 September 19 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 January 16 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 September 3 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4T. LV Configuration: Lambda 4T L-4T-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1969 September 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 September 22 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. LV Configuration: Lambda 4S L-4S-4. FAILURE: Fourth stage control system malfunction after third stage collided with fourth stage.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 4 - . Payload: L-4S-4. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1969-09-22 . COSPAR: F690922A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-6.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,848 km (1,148 mi).

1970 February 3 - . 06:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 11 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. LV Configuration: Lambda 4S L-4S-5.
  • Ohsumi 5 - . Payload: L-4S-5. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Osumi. Decay Date: 2003-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 4330 . COSPAR: 1970-011A. Apogee: 2,440 km (1,510 mi). Perigee: 323 km (200 mi). Inclination: 31.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min. Summary: Engineering tests. Engineering test for the launching of scientific satellites. Injection point 29.7 N, 145.8 E .

1970 September 9 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 September 19 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-5.
  • X-ray / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 2,017 km (1,253 mi).

1971 August 20 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC. LV Configuration: Lambda 4SC L-4SC-1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1971 September 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-7.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,718 km (1,067 mi).

1971 September 10 - . 06:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 September 25 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC. LV Configuration: Lambda 4SC L-4SC-2.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-8.
  • St 2: 329 km X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,571 km (976 mi).

1974 February 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: LS-C. LV Configuration: LS-C-7.
  • LE-3 test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC. LV Configuration: Lambda 4SC L-4SC-3.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1977 August 16 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-9.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,294 km (804 mi).

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