Encyclopedia Astronautica
Hopi


The Hopi-Dart vehicle consisted of a Hopi III booster as first stage, and an unpowered dart as second stage. A boosted version of the configuration used a Kiva motor as the first stage.

The first stage was a Hopi III solid propellant rocket motor, 0.114 meters in diameter, and 2.014 meters long.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Hopi American sounding rocket. The Hopi-Dart vehicle consisted of a Hopi III booster as first stage, and an unpowered dart as second stage. A boosted version of the configuration used a Kiva motor as the first stage. More...
  • Kiva/Hopi American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Kiva + 1 x Hopi More...
  • Hopi Dart American sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle consisting of a Hopi III and an unpowered dart. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Point Mugu US Naval Air Station and major missile testing centre, known to have been used for 2551 launches from 1955 to 2005. The actual total of missile tests is many times greater. More...
  • Tonopah Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site. Conducted launches in support of US nuclear weapons development programs. Known to have been used for 93 launches from 1957 to 1986, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...

Hopi Chronology


1960 June 21 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • PHOENIX 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 July 1 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • PHOENIX 5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1960 August 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 October 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 October 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 6 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • PHOENIX I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi).

1960 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • PHOENIX Chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1962 August 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F1. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 March 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F2. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 April 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F3. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 May 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F4.
1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F5.
1963 May 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963 June 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F6.
1963 July 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F7.
1963 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F8.
1963 August 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F9.
1963 August 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F11. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 August 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F10.
1963 October 29 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F14.
1963 October 29 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F12.
1963 October 29 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F13.
1964 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Raven.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA ERDL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Raven.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA ERDL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart.
1964 February 13 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart.
1964 February 14 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart.
1964 October 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F19.
1964 October 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F20.
1964 November 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F21.
1964 November 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Hopi Dart. LV Configuration: Hopi Dart F22.
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