Encyclopedia Astronautica
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EARL I
Part of EARL Family
Earl 1 Spaceplane
Earl 1 Spaceplane
Credit: Mark Lindroos
German winged orbital launch vehicle. A larger Earl 14 configuration was studied, but the study centered on the Earl 5 / 18 / 7 configurations. The second stage was mounted on top of the booster. Earl 5 and 7 had winged second stages, with payloads to low earth orbit of 5380 kg to 7180 kg. Earl 14 featured an expendable upper stage which increased payload to 18,000 kg.

Status: Study 1987. Payload: 5,380 kg (11,860 lb). Thrust: 4,200.00 kN (944,100 lbf). Gross mass: 270,000 kg (590,000 lb). Height: 52.40 m (171.90 ft). Diameter: 5.50 m (18.00 ft).

LEO Payload: 5,380 kg (11,860 lb).

Family: orbital launch vehicle, Winged. Country: Germany. Agency: ESA.



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