Encyclopedia Astronautica
LM 700



iridium.jpg
Iridium
Credit: Lockheed-Martin
American communications satellite. 98 launches, 1997.05.05 (Iridium 8) to 2002.06.20 (Iridium SV98 ). The LM 700 had its first use in the Iridium system, a commercial communications network comprised of a minimum of 66 LEO spacecraft.

The system used L-Band to provide global communications services through portable handsets. A total of 125 spacecraft were to be built by Lockheed for more than $700M. However Iridium went bankrupt in 1999 after 90 had been launched. However the constellation remained in use for specialized users and a launch in 2002 replenished the constellation.

The spacecraft itself was three-axis stabilized with a hydrazine propulsion system. Power was supplied by two solar panels with 1-axis articulation. The system employed L-Band using FDMA/ TDMA to provide voice at 4.8 kbps and data at 2400 bps with 16 dB margin. Each satellite had 48 spot beams for Earth coverage and used Ka-Band for crosslinks and ground commanding.

Gross mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb).
Height: 4.00 m (13.10 ft).
First Launch: 1997.05.05.
Last Launch: 2002.06.20.
Number: 98 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Atlas V The Atlas V launch vehicle system was a completely new design that succeeded the earlier Atlas series. Atlas V vehicles were based on the 3.8-m (12.5-ft) diameter Common Core Booster (CCB) powered by a single Russian RD-180 engine. These could be clustered together, and complemented by a Centaur upper stage, and up to five solid rocket boosters, to achieve a wide range of performance. More...
  • CZ China's first ICBM, the DF-5, first flew in 1971. It was a two-stage storable-propellant rocket in the same class as the American Titan, the Russian R-36, or the European Ariane. The DF-5 spawned a long series of Long March ("Chang Zheng") CZ-2, CZ-3, and CZ-4 launch vehicles. These used cryogenic engines for upper stages and liquid-propellant strap-on motors to create a family of 12 Long-March rocket configurations capable of placing up to 9,200 kg into orbit. In 2000 China began development of a new generation of expendable launch vehicles using non-toxic, high-performance propellants with supposedly lower operating costs. However these encountered development delays, and it seemed the reliable Long March series of rockets would continue in operational use for nearly fifty years before being replaced. More...
  • Delta The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Development began in 1955 and it continued in service in the 21st Century despite numerous candidate replacements. More...
  • Proton The Proton launch vehicle has been the medium-lift workhorse of the Soviet and Russian space programs for over forty years. Although constantly criticized within Russia for its use of toxic and ecologically-damaging storable liquid propellants, it has out-lasted all challengers, and no replacement is in sight. More...
  • UR-100N The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Delta American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Delta began as Thor, a crash December 1955 program to produce an intermediate range ballistic missile using existing components, which flew thirteen months after go-ahead. Fifteen months after that, a space launch version flew, using an existing upper stage. The addition of solid rocket boosters allowed the Thor core and Able/Delta upper stages to be stretched. Costs were kept down by using first and second-stage rocket engines surplus to the Apollo program in the 1970's. Continuous introduction of new 'existing' technology over the years resulted in an incredible evolution - the payload into a geosynchronous transfer orbit increasing from 68 kg in 1962 to 3810 kg by 2002. Delta survived innumerable attempts to kill the program and replace it with 'more rationale' alternatives. By 2008 nearly 1,000 boosters had flown over a fifty-year career, and cancellation was again announced. More...
  • Proton The Proton launch vehicle has been the medium-lift workhorse of the Soviet and Russian space programs for over forty years. Although constantly criticized within Russia for its use of toxic and ecologically-damaging storable liquid propellants, it has out-lasted all challengers, and no replacement is in sight. Development of the Proton began in 1962 as a two-stage vehicle that could be used to launch large military payloads or act as a ballistic missile with a 100 megaton nuclear warhead. The ICBM was cancelled in 1965, but development of a three-stage version for the crash program to send a Soviet man around the moon began in 1964. The hurried development caused severe reliability problems in early production. But these were eventually solved, and from the 1970's the Proton was used to launch all Russian space stations, medium- and geosynchronous orbit satellites, and lunar and planetary probes. More...
  • CZ Chinese orbital launch vehicle. China's first ICBM, the DF-5, first flew in 1971. It was a two-stage storable-propellant rocket in the same class as the American Titan, the Russian R-36, or the European Ariane. The DF-5 spawned a long series of Long March ("Chang Zheng") CZ-2, CZ-3, and CZ-4 launch vehicles. These used cryogenic engines for upper stages and liquid-propellant strap-on motors to create a family of 12 Long-March rocket configurations capable of placing up to 9,200 kg into orbit. In 2000 China began development of a new generation of expendable launch vehicles using non-toxic, high-performance propellants with supposedly lower operating costs. However these encountered development delays, and it seemed the reliable Long March series of rockets would continue in operational use for nearly fifty years before being replaced. More...
  • UR-100N Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other. More...
  • Delta 2 7000 American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta 7000 series used GEM-40 strap-ons with the Extra Extended Long Tank core, further upgraded with the RS-27A engine. More...
  • Rokot Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle, consisting of decommissioned UR-100N ICBMs with a Briz-KM upper stage. More...
  • Delta 7920-XC Three stage vehicle consisting of 9 x GEM-40 + 1 x EELT Thor/RS-27A + 1 x Delta K with 3.05 m (10 foot) diameter composite fairing More...
  • Proton-K/17S40 Russian orbital launch vehicle. Version of Proton using Block DM-5 / 17S40 fourth stage. This stage has a new payload adapter for use with heavier paylods launched into sub-synchronous orbits. Used for launch of Arkon reconnaisance satellite. More...
  • CZ-2C/SD On April 28, 1993, the Chinese Great Wall Industrial Corporation and Motorola signed a launch services contract for multiple launch of Iridium communications satellites using CZ-2C/SD launch vehicles. The main differences between the CZ-2C and the CZ-2C/SD were: a modified fairing with a diameter of 3.35m; a newly developed Smart Dispenser; improved second stage fuel and oxidizer tanks; and second stage engines with higher expansion ratio nozzles. More...
  • Atlas V American orbital launch vehicle. The Atlas V launch vehicle system was a completely new design that succeeded the earlier Atlas series. Atlas V vehicles were based on the 3.8-m (12.5-ft) diameter Common Core Booster (CCB) powered by a single Russian RD-180 engine. These could be clustered together, and complemented by a Centaur upper stage, and up to five solid rocket boosters, to achieve a wide range of performance. More...
  • Atlas IIIB American orbital launch vehicle. This was the first version of the Atlas to fly using Russian RD-180 engines; and the last version to fly using the original balloon-tank concept for the first stage. It differed from the Atlas IIIA in use of a stretched, two-engine upper stage, and had a brief three-year operational career in 2002-2005 before being superseded by the Atlas V. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Motorola American manufacturer of spacecraft. Motorola Satellite, Chandler, Chandler, Arizona, USA. More...
  • Lockheed American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale, CA, USA. More...
  • Iridium American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Iridium Inc. , Washington DC. , Washington, DC, USA More...

Associated Programs
  • Iridium The Iridium system is a commercial communications network comprised of a constellation of 66 LEO spacecraft. The system uses L-Band to provide global communications services through portable handsets. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Vladimirov, A, "Tablitsa zapuskov RN 'Proton' i 'Proton K'", Novosti kosmonavtiki, 1998, Issue 10, page 25.
  • NASA GSFC Orbital Parameters,
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...
  • Taiyuan China's launch site for launch of polar orbiting satellites, also known as Wuzhai. Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC) is situated in Kelan County, the northwest part of Shanxi Province, 280 km by road from Taiyuan City. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC36B Atlas V, Atlas launch complex. Atlas Centaur launch pad, in service from 1964 until the retirement of the launch vehicle. More...
  • Vandenberg SLC2W Delta launch complex. Originally a Thor 75 SMS launch pad. Upgraded to a space launch complex in 1966. More...

LM 700 Chronology


1997 May 5 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D242.
  • Iridium 8 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV008. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24792 . COSPAR: 1997-020A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..
  • Iridium 7 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV007. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24793 . COSPAR: 1997-020B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 4 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV004. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24796 . COSPAR: 1997-020E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..
  • Iridium 5 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV005. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24795 . COSPAR: 1997-020D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..
  • Iridium 6 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV006. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24794 . COSPAR: 1997-020C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..

1997 June 18 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/17S40. LV Configuration: Proton-K/17S40 (DM2) 390-02.
  • Iridium 14 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV014. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24836 . COSPAR: 1997-030A. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 9 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV009. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. Decay Date: 2003-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 24838 . COSPAR: 1997-030C. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 12 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV012. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24837 . COSPAR: 1997-030B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 11 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV011. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24842 . COSPAR: 1997-030G. Apogee: 774 km (480 mi). Perigee: 749 km (465 mi). Inclination: 86.4400 deg. Period: 100.07 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.6 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 16 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV016. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24841 . COSPAR: 1997-030F. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 13 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV013. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24840 . COSPAR: 1997-030E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 10 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV010. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24839 . COSPAR: 1997-030D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294 degrees..

1997 July 9 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D244.
  • Iridium 15 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV015. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24869 . COSPAR: 1997-034A. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 21 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV021. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24873 . COSPAR: 1997-034E. Apogee: 640 km (390 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 97.38 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 310.4 degrees. Failed in low orbit..
  • Iridium 17 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV017. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24870 . COSPAR: 1997-034B. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 18 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV018. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24872 . COSPAR: 1997-034D. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 20 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV020. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24871 . COSPAR: 1997-034C. Apogee: 784 km (487 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.37 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.7 degrees. Failed..

1997 August 21 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D246.
  • Iridium 26 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV026. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24903 . COSPAR: 1997-043A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 23 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV023. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24906 . COSPAR: 1997-043D. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 22 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV022. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24907 . COSPAR: 1997-043E. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.3 degrees..
  • Iridium 24 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV024. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24905 . COSPAR: 1997-043C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.3 degrees. Should be 24905, failed..
  • Iridium 25 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV025. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24904 . COSPAR: 1997-043B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..

1997 September 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-15 (47).
  • Iridium - . Payload: Iridium s/n MFS 1. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24925 . COSPAR: 1997-048A. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 620 km (380 mi). Inclination: 86.3400 deg. Period: 97.25 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 271.9 degrees. Dummy satellite..
  • Iridium - . Payload: Iridium s/n MFS 2. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24926 . COSPAR: 1997-048B. Apogee: 634 km (393 mi). Perigee: 620 km (380 mi). Inclination: 86.3400 deg. Period: 97.26 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 272 degrees. Dummy satellite..

1997 September 14 - . 01:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/17S40. LV Configuration: Proton-K/17S40 (DM2) 391-01.
  • Iridium 29 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV029. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24944 . COSPAR: 1997-051A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 28 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV028. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24948 . COSPAR: 1997-051E. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 33 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV033. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24946 . COSPAR: 1997-051C. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees. Active when it collided with Cosmos 2251 at 16:56 GMT on 10 February 2009, destroying both satellites and creating a debris cloud im MEO..
  • Iridium 32 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV032. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24945 . COSPAR: 1997-051B. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 31 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV031. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24950 . COSPAR: 1997-051G. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 27 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV027. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. Decay Date: 2002-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 24947 . COSPAR: 1997-051D. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 542 km (336 mi). Inclination: 86.6500 deg. Period: 95.61 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 223.2 degrees. Failed in low orbit..
  • Iridium 30 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV030. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24949 . COSPAR: 1997-051F. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.8 degrees..

1997 September 27 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D248.
  • Iridium 19 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV019. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24965 . COSPAR: 1997-056A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 34 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV034. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24969 . COSPAR: 1997-056E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..
  • Iridium 35 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV035. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24968 . COSPAR: 1997-056D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..
  • Iridium 37 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV037. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24966 . COSPAR: 1997-056B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.6 degrees..
  • Iridium 36 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV036. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24967 . COSPAR: 1997-056C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.4 degrees..

1997 November 9 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D250.
  • Iridium 43 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV043. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25039 . COSPAR: 1997-069A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 38 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV038. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25043 . COSPAR: 1997-069E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.6 degrees..
  • Iridium 40 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV040. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25041 . COSPAR: 1997-069C. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 39 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV039. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25042 . COSPAR: 1997-069D. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 41 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV041. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25040 . COSPAR: 1997-069B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..

1997 December 8 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-16 (49).
  • Iridium 42 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV042. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25077 . COSPAR: 1997-077A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 44 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV044. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25078 . COSPAR: 1997-077B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees. Not in service..

1997 December 20 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D251.
  • Iridium 45 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV045. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25104 . COSPAR: 1997-082A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 47 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV047. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25106 . COSPAR: 1997-082C. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 49 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV049. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25108 . COSPAR: 1997-082E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 48 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV048. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. Decay Date: 2001-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 25107 . COSPAR: 1997-082D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 46 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV046. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25105 . COSPAR: 1997-082B. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4100 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees. Should be 25105..

1998 February 18 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D254.
  • Iridium 52 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV052. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25169 . COSPAR: 1998-010A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.1 degrees..
  • Iridium 56 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV056. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25170 . COSPAR: 1998-010B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294 degrees..
  • Iridium 53 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV053. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25173 . COSPAR: 1998-010E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 54 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV054. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25171 . COSPAR: 1998-010C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 50 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV050. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25172 . COSPAR: 1998-010D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..

1998 March 25 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-17 (50).
  • Iridium 51 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV051. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25262 . COSPAR: 1998-018A. Apogee: 756 km (469 mi). Perigee: 751 km (466 mi). Inclination: 86.4500 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 61 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV061. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25263 . COSPAR: 1998-018B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..

1998 March 30 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D255.
  • Iridium 55 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV055. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25272 . COSPAR: 1998-019A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 60 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV060. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25276 . COSPAR: 1998-019E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 57 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV057. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25273 . COSPAR: 1998-019B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 59 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV059. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25275 . COSPAR: 1998-019D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 58 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV058. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25274 . COSPAR: 1998-019C. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 3. Ascending node 230.9 degrees..

1998 April 7 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/17S40. LV Configuration: Proton-K/17S40 (DM2) 391-02.
  • Iridium 62 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV062. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25285 . COSPAR: 1998-021A. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 67 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV067. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25290 . COSPAR: 1998-021F. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 68 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV068. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25291 . COSPAR: 1998-021G. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. The Proton launch vehicle placed the Iridium cluster and the Block DM2 stage into low parking orbit. The DM2 fired twice to enter the deployment orbit and dispensed the seven satellites, which used their own propulsion units to reach operational altitude. The DM2 stage then fired again to deorbit itself, to avoid creating space debris. SV068 placed in Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees.
  • Iridium 66 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV066. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25289 . COSPAR: 1998-021E. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 65 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV065. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25288 . COSPAR: 1998-021D. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.9 degrees..
  • Iridium 64 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV064. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25287 . COSPAR: 1998-021C. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.6 degrees..
  • Iridium 63 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV063. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25286 . COSPAR: 1998-021B. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..

1998 May 2 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-18 (51).
  • Iridium 69 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV069. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25319 . COSPAR: 1998-026A. Apogee: 783 km (486 mi). Perigee: 777 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.46 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 71 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV071. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25320 . COSPAR: 1998-026B. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.3 degrees. Not in service..

1998 May 17 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D257.
  • Iridium 70 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV070. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25342 . COSPAR: 1998-032A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 72 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV072. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25343 . COSPAR: 1998-032B. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 73 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV073. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25344 . COSPAR: 1998-032C. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 74 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV074. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25345 . COSPAR: 1998-032D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 75 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV075. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25346 . COSPAR: 1998-032E. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 167.7 degrees. Not in service..

1998 August 19 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-19 (54).
  • Iridium 3 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV078. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25431 . COSPAR: 1998-048A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..
  • Iridium 76 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV076. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25432 . COSPAR: 1998-048B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 199.4 degrees..

1998 September 8 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D260.
  • Iridium 82 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV082. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25467 . COSPAR: 1998-051A. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.6 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 79 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV079. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. Decay Date: 2000-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 25470 . COSPAR: 1998-051D. Apogee: 544 km (338 mi). Perigee: 494 km (306 mi). Inclination: 86.0100 deg. Period: 95.01 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 316.3 degrees. Failed in low orbit..
  • Iridium 80 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV080. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25469 . COSPAR: 1998-051C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.7 degrees..
  • Iridium 81 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV081. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25468 . COSPAR: 1998-051B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.7 degrees..
  • Iridium 77 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV077. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25471 . COSPAR: 1998-051E. Apogee: 709 km (440 mi). Perigee: 707 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5200 deg. Period: 98.96 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.4 degrees. Not in service..

1998 November 6 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D262.
  • Iridium 2 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV087. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25527 . COSPAR: 1998-066A. Apogee: 603 km (374 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 85.6000 deg. Period: 96.60 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 289.1 degrees. Parking orbit..
  • Iridium 86 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV086. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25528 . COSPAR: 1998-066B. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 293.9 degrees. Raising orbit..
  • Iridium 85 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV085. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. Decay Date: 2000-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 25529 . COSPAR: 1998-066C. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 512 km (318 mi). Inclination: 86.0200 deg. Period: 95.12 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 291.1 degrees. Parking orbit..
  • Iridium 84 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV084. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25530 . COSPAR: 1998-066D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.1 degrees. Raising orbit..
  • Iridium 83 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV083. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25531 . COSPAR: 1998-066E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..

1998 December 19 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-20 (55).
  • Iridium 11 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV088?. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25577 . COSPAR: 1998-074A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 197 degrees. Parking orbit..
  • Iridium 20 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV089?. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25578 . COSPAR: 1998-074B. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 197.2 degrees. Parking orbit..

1999 June 11 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-21 (57).
  • Iridium 14A - . Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25777 . COSPAR: 1999-032A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min.
  • Iridium 21A - . Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25778 . COSPAR: 1999-032B. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min.

2002 February 11 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D290.
  • Iridium - . Payload: SV 90. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27372 . COSPAR: 2002-005A. Apogee: 684 km (425 mi). Perigee: 660 km (410 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.
  • Iridium - . Payload: SV 95. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27375 . COSPAR: 2002-005D. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min. Mobile Telephony satellite. Return to flight after GEM solid booster failure on GBI launch. Launch delayed from February 8, 9 and 10. Five Motorola Iridium satellites were launched for Iridium Satellite LLC, the new company that bought out the bankrupt Iridium LLC. This was the first system replenishment launch since the bankruptcy.
  • Iridium - . Payload: SV 91. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27373 . COSPAR: 2002-005B. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.
  • Iridium - . Payload: SV 96. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27376 . COSPAR: 2002-005E. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.
  • Iridium - . Payload: SV 94. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27374 . COSPAR: 2002-005C. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 667 km (414 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.

2002 February 21 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas 3B DEC. LV Configuration: Atlas 3B-DEC AC-204.
  • Echostar 7 - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27378 . COSPAR: 2002-006A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Direct Broasdcasting satellite. The first launch of the Atlas 3B, with the Common Centaur stretched two-engine upper stage. Launch delayed from December 19, 2001 and January 22. The Echostar 7 communications satellite was placed into geostationary transfer orbit. The first burn of the Centaur put the stack into a 185 x 193 km x 28.1 deg parking orbit. At 1305 UTC the Centaur burned again to achieve the final 245 x 57060 km x 22.6 deg transfer orbit and separated from Echostar. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 118.92W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.

2002 June 20 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot 492882034.
  • Iridium SV97 - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27450 . COSPAR: 2002-031A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: Launch delayed from June 6, 19. The two Iridium replacement mobile telephone satellites were owned by Iridium Satellite LLC, the successor to bankrupt Iridium LLC..
  • Iridium SV98 - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27451 . COSPAR: 2002-031B. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

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