Encyclopedia Astronautica
HTSTL


Chinese technology satellite. 2 launches, 2002.09.15 to 2003.09.16 . 50 kg test satellite, built by university students, was to have been placed in a 300 km polar orbit.

Gross mass: 50 kg (110 lb).
First Launch: 2002.09.15.
Last Launch: 2003.09.16.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • KT Family of all solid-propellant Chinese launch vehicles, using the DF-31 ICBM as the basis with new upper or lower stages to achieve a range of payload performances. Following two unsuccessful launches in 2002-2003, the project may have been abandoned. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • KT Family of all solid-propellant Chinese launch vehicles, using the DF-31 ICBM as the basis with new upper or lower stages to achieve a range of payload performances. Following two unsuccessful launches in 2002-2003, the project may have been abandoned. More...
  • KT-1 Chinese all-solid orbital launch vehicle. China's first solid propellant orbital launch vehicle was derived from the first and second stages of the DF-31 ICBM with a new solid third stage. The vehicle was named Kaituozhe-1 (Explorer-1) and was capable of putting 100 kg into polar orbits. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Tsinghua Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Taiyuan China's launch site for launch of polar orbiting satellites, also known as Wuzhai. Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC) is situated in Kelan County, the northwest part of Shanxi Province, 280 km by road from Taiyuan City. More...

HTSTL Chronology


2002 September 15 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: KT. Launch Vehicle: KT-1. FAILURE: Second stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • HTSTL-1 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: China. Manufacturer: Tsinghua. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: HTSTL. COSPAR: F020915. Summary: First attempted launch of the all-solid-propellant KT-1 launch vehicle. The 50 kg test satellite, built by university students, was to have been placed in a 300 km polar orbit..

2003 September 16 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: KT. Launch Vehicle: KT-1. FAILURE: Fourth stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Kaituozhe 1 - . Payload: PS-2. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: China. Spacecraft: HTSTL. COSPAR: F20030916. Summary: Second attempted launch of KT-1. The launch was intended to place a 40 kg microsatellite called PS-2 into a 300 x 300 km polar orbit..

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