Encyclopedia Astronautica
Early Soviet Lunar Lander



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Early Soviet lander
The earliest Soviet designs for lunar landers were similar to those of Von Braun in the 1950's.
Credit: RKK Energia
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Soviet Moon Lander
Wreck of first attempted landing of a Soviet spacecraft on the moon, from the film 'Countdown'
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Soviet Moon Lander
Dead crew member in a hatch of the wreck of the first attempted landing of a Soviet spacecraft on the moon, from the film 'Countdown'
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Soviet Moon Lander
Wreck of first attempted landing of a Soviet spacecraft on the moon, from the film 'Countdown'
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Soviet Moon Lander
The first man on the moon - a Soviet, dead on the surface a little way from the wreck of his lunar lander, from the film 'Countdown'
Russian manned lunar lander. Study 1958. Painting of early Soviet concept of a lunar lander. This was similar to Von Braun designs popular in the 1950's.

Similar designs were used in the 1957 film, Road to the Stars, for which Tikhonravov was the technical adviser.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Lunar Landers Lunar lander design started with the British Interplanetary Society's concept of 1939, followed by Von Braun's 3964 tonne monster of 1953. It then settled down to more reasonably-sized variants. Landers came in three main types: two stage versions, with the first stage being a lunar crasher that would brake the spacecraft until just above the lunar surface, then separate, allowing the second stage to land on the surface; two stage versions consisting of a descent stage that went all the way to the surface, and an ascent stage that would take the crew from the surface to lunar orbit or on an earth-return trajectory; and single stage versions, using liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen propellants. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

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