Encyclopedia Astronautica
DS-A1



dsa1.jpg
DS-A1
Credit: Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian navigation technology satellite. 7 launches, 1962.10.20 (Cosmos 11) to 1965.07.02 (Cosmos 70).

Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artificially-produced radiation belts.

Gross mass: 30 kg (66 lb).
First Launch: 1962.10.20.
Last Launch: 1965.07.02.
Number: 7 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • DS The DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') small satellite bus was developed by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same bureau's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research; component proving tests; and as radar, ASAT, and ABM targets. More...
  • Kosmos 2 In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 2 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...
  • Kosmos 63S1 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. The 63S1 initial production version was used through May 1966 for a total of 40 launches, of which 12 were failures. It was succeeded by the 63S1M prototype for the 11K63 production space launcher. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Programs
  • DS DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') were small satellites built by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same KB's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research and component proving tests. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Agapov, V, "K zapusku pervovo ISZ serii 'DS'", Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 1997, Issue 6.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

DS-A1 Chronology


1962 October 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 11 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 1. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-10-28 . Decay Date: 1964-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 441 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Theta-1. Apogee: 858 km (533 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 May 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 17 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 2. Mass: 322 kg (709 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1963-05-30 . Decay Date: 1965-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 580 . COSPAR: 1963-017A. Apogee: 658 km (408 mi). Perigee: 251 km (155 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 3 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F630822A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed 353 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-A1 s/n 4 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F631024A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 January 30 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 53 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 5. Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-09 . Decay Date: 1966-08-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 983 . COSPAR: 1965-006A. Apogee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 February 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 64 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F650220A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 July 2 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 70 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 7. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-07-12 . Decay Date: 1966-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1431 . COSPAR: 1965-052A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

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