Encyclopedia Astronautica
Cubesat


American low-cost nanosatellite bus. Used in dozens of launches, the first on 2003.06.30.

Employing ultra-small satellite technology invented by Stanford University, CubeSats provided a satellite that could be placed into Earth orbit for under $ 100,000. The Cubesat bus measured 10 centimeters on a side, and weighed less than one kilogram. The CubeSat microsatellite was a perfect cube, holding its experiments inside like shelves in a cupboard. A CubeSat microsatellite could hold anything, from microgravity experiments to the ashes of a loved one. One Stop Satellite Solutions was one company marketing the technology. They combined the CubeSat technology with their Mutli-Payload Adaptor, effectively creating a launch pad in space. Scores of satellites could be launched at once.

Cubesats could be used for scientific missions (microgravity, biomedical, component testing, amateur radio) or personal (burial, photography). Users could buy the bare-bones structure, or satellites equipped with computer, communications, and the power systems to meet mission requirements.

Gross mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb).
Height: 0.0100 m (0.0320 ft).
Span: 0.0100 m (0.0320 ft).
First Launch: 2003.06.30.
Last Launch: 2011.10.28.
Number: 61 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Atlas V The Atlas V launch vehicle system was a completely new design that succeeded the earlier Atlas series. Atlas V vehicles were based on the 3.8-m (12.5-ft) diameter Common Core Booster (CCB) powered by a single Russian RD-180 engine. These could be clustered together, and complemented by a Centaur upper stage, and up to five solid rocket boosters, to achieve a wide range of performance. More...
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • R-36M The super-heavy Ukrainian R-36M ICBM replaced the R-36 in 288 existing silos and was additionally installed in 20 new super-hardened silos. The fall of the Soviet Union ended production and the need for replacement. Nevertheless they remained in Russian service into the 21st Century, some being modified for use as space launchers. More...
  • UR-100N The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 3 Russian orbital launch vehicle. In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...
  • R-36M Ukrainian intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-36M replaced the R-36 in 288 existing silos and was additionally installed in 20 new super-hardened silos. More...
  • UR-100N Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other. More...
  • Rokot Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle, consisting of decommissioned UR-100N ICBMs with a Briz-KM upper stage. More...
  • Dnepr Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle based on decommissioned R-36M2 intercontinental ballistic missiles. More...
  • Atlas V American orbital launch vehicle. The Atlas V launch vehicle system was a completely new design that succeeded the earlier Atlas series. Atlas V vehicles were based on the 3.8-m (12.5-ft) diameter Common Core Booster (CCB) powered by a single Russian RD-180 engine. These could be clustered together, and complemented by a Centaur upper stage, and up to five solid rocket boosters, to achieve a wide range of performance. More...
  • Atlas V 401 American orbital launch vehicle. Atlas V version with a 4-m diameter payload fairing, single engine Centaur upper stage, and no strap-on solid boosters. Payloads: 7,095 kg (15,642 lb) to sun synchronous orbit; 4,950 kg (10,910 lb) to geosynchronous transfer orbit. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Stanford American manufacturer of spacecraft. Stanford University, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC41 Titan, Atlas V launch complex. Complexes 40 and 41 were constructed as part of the Integrate-Transfer-Launch (ITL) Titan launch facility at the north end of Cape Canaveral in the early 1960s. Over the next three decades, the complexes supported a wide variety of military space missions involving Titan IIIC, Titan 34D and Titan IV. Complex 41 was deactivated at the end of 1977, then upgraded for the Titan IV program in the 1986-88 period. In October 1999, Complex 41 was demolished with high explosives in order for a new pad for launch of the Atlas 5 rocket to be erected. By then it had been the starting point for 27 Titan flights. More...

Cubesat Chronology


2003 June 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot / Briz-KM.
  • DTUSAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Danish Technical University. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27842 . COSPAR: 2003-031C. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Danish cubesat DTUSat remained silent after release despite several attempts to contact it. Carried a 450-meter copper wire tether for lowering the satellite orbit..
  • CubeSat XI-IV - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Tokyo. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27848 . COSPAR: 2003-031J. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Cubesat XI carried technology tests for the University of Tokyo..
  • Cute-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: TIT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27844 . COSPAR: 2003-031E. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: CUTE-I carried engineering test equipment and was built by the Tokyo Institute of Technology..
  • Quakesat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: QuakeFinder. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27845 . COSPAR: 2003-031F. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 820 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: The Stanford University/Quakesat LLC Quakesat was to be used for detection of ELF radio emissions from seismic activity..
  • AAU Cubesat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Aalborg. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27846 . COSPAR: 2003-031G. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Aalborg University successfully contacted its AAU-Cubesat nanosatellite after it was separated. It carried a 100-meter-resolution Earth imaging camera..
  • CanX-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Toronto. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27847 . COSPAR: 2003-031H. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: CanX-1, from the University of Toronto, carried a camera for attitude determination..

2005 October 27 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 104.
  • UWE-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: BJMU. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 28892 . COSPAR: 2005-043C. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 683 km (424 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: University of Wurzburg cubesat. Released from SSETI Express..
  • NCube-2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Norway. Agency: Norsk Romsenter. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 28898 . COSPAR: 2005-043G. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: Norwegian cubesat. Evidently was released from SSETI Express but no signal received..
  • Cubesat XI-V - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Tokyo. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 28895 . COSPAR: 2005-043F. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: University of Tokyo cubesat. Released from SSETI Express..

2006 December 16 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1.
  • GeneSat-1 - . Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: NASA Ames. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 29654 . COSPAR: 2006-058B. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi). Perigee: 410 km (250 mi). Inclination: 40.0100 deg. Period: 92.93 min. Nanosatellite launched as a secondary payload. A collaboration of NASA, industry, and local universities resulted in this fully-automated, miniaturized spaceflight system that provided life support, nutrient delivery, and performed assays to monitor genetic changes of E. coli bacteria in space conditions.

2007 March 9 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401. LV Configuration: Atlas V 401 AV-013.
  • MEPSI Picosat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2007-006x. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 35.4000 deg. Summary: Released from STPSat..
  • MEPSI Picosat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2007-006x. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 35.4000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Released from STPSat..

2007 April 17 - . 06:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 806.
  • CAPE 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Louisiana. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31130 . COSPAR: 2007-012P. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Cajun Advanced Picosatellite Experiment by the University of Louisiana at Lafayette..
  • Aerocube 2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31122 . COSPAR: 2007-012F. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: AeroSpace Corporation cubesat..
  • CSTB 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Boeing. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31133 . COSPAR: 2007-012R. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: CubeSat TestBed for Boeing IDS/Advanced Systems, Huntington Beach, California..
  • CP 3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Cal Poly. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31128 . COSPAR: 2007-012M. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: California Polytechnic University cubesat, the backup for CP2 lost in a Dnepr launch failure in 2006..
  • CP 4 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Cal Poly. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31132 . COSPAR: 2007-012Q. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: California Polytechnic University cubesat..
  • Libertad - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Colombia. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Arboleda. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31129 . COSPAR: 2007-012N. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Picosat built and operated by the Universidad Sergio Arboleda, Bogota, Colombia..
  • MAST - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Tethers. Manufacturer: Stanford. Class: Technology. Type: Tether technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31126 . COSPAR: 2007-012K. Apogee: 783 km (486 mi). Perigee: 647 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.10 min. Multi Application Survivable Tether experiment, built by Tethers Unlimited Inc and Stanford University. MAST consisted of the TED (Tether Deployer) satellite, with a 1 km deployable multi-strand Hoytether; RALPH, a small end mass satellite; and between them, GADGET, an inspector satellite which could move along the tether. Before deployment the MAST package fit into a 0.3 m x 0.1 m module.

2008 April 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Cute-1.7-APD-II - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32785 . COSPAR: 2008-021C. Apogee: 635 km (394 mi). Perigee: 615 km (382 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Tokyo Institute of Technology nanosat..
  • Compass 1 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32787 . COSPAR: 2008-021E. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Fachhochschule Aachen nanosat..
  • AAUSat-II - . Nation: Denmark. Agency: ISRO. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32788 . COSPAR: 2008-021F. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: University of Aalborg nanosat; carried a gamma ray burst detector for the Danish National Space Center..
  • Delfi-C3 - . Nation: Netherlands. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32789 . COSPAR: 2008-021G. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Technical University of Delft nanosat..
  • Can X-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32790 . COSPAR: 2008-021H. Apogee: 635 km (394 mi). Perigee: 615 km (382 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min.
  • SEEDS 2 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32791 . COSPAR: 2008-021J. Apogee: 637 km (395 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Nihon University at Tokyo nanosat..

2008 August 3 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein OM. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 1. FAILURE: The new Merlin 1C first stage engine completed its burn, but the thrust took longer to decay than expected. It was still thrusting when stage 2 tried to separate, and the two stages collided, setting the second stage tumbling..
2009 May 18 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1.
  • Aerocube 3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 35005 . COSPAR: 2009-028E. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for Aerospace Corporation..
  • Pharmasat - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 35002 . COSPAR: 2009-028B. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi). Perigee: 429 km (266 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: NASA satellite..
  • Hawksat 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 35003 . COSPAR: 2009-028C. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 428 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for Hawk Institute for Space Sciences..
  • CP6 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-09-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 35004 . COSPAR: 2009-028D. Apogee: 463 km (287 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for California Polytechnic..

2009 July 15 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Dragonsat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 35690 . COSPAR: 2009-038B. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Ejected from the Endeavour on 30 July at 12:34 GMT. Dragonsat consisted of two 1.5 kg cubesats, BEVO-1 from the University of Texas at Austin and Aggiesat 2 from Texas A&M University. The two satellites were ejected attached to each other, but failed to separate as planned.

2009 September 23 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA. LV Configuration: PSLV CA.
  • SwissCube - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • ITU-p-SAT 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Istanbul Teknik Universitesi..
  • UWE-2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg, Germany..
  • BEESAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2009-051. Summary: Cubesat from Technische Universitat Berlin, Germany..

2010 May 20 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Hayato - . Payload: K-SAT. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 36573 . COSPAR: 2010-020A. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 30.0000 deg. Period: 87.90 min. Summary: Cubesat for Kagoshima University, released in parking orbit..
  • Waseda-SAT2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 36574 . COSPAR: 2010-020B. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 30.0000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Summary: Cubesat for Waseda University, Tokyo, released in parking orbit..
  • Negai - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 36575 . COSPAR: 2010-020C. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 30.0000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Summary: Cubesat for Soka University, Tokyo, released in parking orbit..

2010 July 12 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA.
  • Studsat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 36796 . COSPAR: 2010-035B. Apogee: 640 km (390 mi). Perigee: 621 km (385 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Summary: ISRO-sponsored Indian student-designed satellite..
  • Tisat 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Switzerland. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 36799 . COSPAR: 2010-035E. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 619 km (384 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Summary: Swiss student satellite..

2010 November 20 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 4.
  • USA 218 - . Payload: RAX. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37223 . COSPAR: 2010-062B. Summary: Radio Aurora Explorer, a National Science Foundation 3U cubesat, built by the University of Michigan, to study the aurora by picking up ground-based radar signals..
  • USA 219 - . Payload: O/OREOS. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37224 . COSPAR: 2010-062C. Summary: 3U cubesat by NASA-Ames with life science experiments to study microbes in free fall and the effects of ultraviolet light on organic materials..

2010 December 8 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • QBX2 - . Payload: QbX-2. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 37245 . COSPAR: 2010-066B. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Summary: Cubesat satellite built by Pumpkin Inc of San Francisco for the National Reconaissance Office's Colony-1 technology development project..
  • SMDC One - . Payload: SMDC-One. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 37246 . COSPAR: 2010-066C. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Summary: Operational Nanosatellite Experiment for the US Army Space and Missile Defense Center.
  • Perseus 003 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-01-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 37247 . COSPAR: 2010-066D. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Summary: Los Alamos National Laboratory cubesat, perhaps for ionospheric monitoring..
  • Perseus 001 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 37248 . COSPAR: 2010-066E. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Summary: Los Alamos National Laboratory cubesat, perhaps for ionospheric monitoring..
  • QBX1 - . Payload: QbX-1. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 37249 . COSPAR: 2010-066F. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.30 min. Summary: Cubesat satellite built by Pumpkin Inc of San Francisco for the National Reconaissance Office's Colony-1 technology development project..
  • Perseus 002 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-12-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 37250 . COSPAR: 2010-066G. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Summary: Los Alamos National Laboratory cubesat, perhaps for ionospheric monitoring..
  • Perseus 000 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 37251 . COSPAR: 2010-066H. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Summary: Los Alamos National Laboratory cubesat, perhaps for ionospheric monitoring..
  • Mayflower - . Payload: Caerus/Mayflower. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-12-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 37252 . COSPAR: 2010-066J. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 34.5000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Experiment for Northrop Grumman NovaWorks and the University of Southern California. 3-unit cubesat with deployable solar panels composed of a Northrop Grumman's 2-unit Mayflower Next Generation Technology Nanosat and University of Southern California's 1-unit cubesat.

2011 March 4 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Taurus XL 3110. FAILURE: Fairing failed to separate..
  • KySat-1 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2011-F01D. Summary: University of Kentucky Cubesat..
  • E1P - . Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2011-F01B. Summary: Explorer 1 Prime, Montana State University Cubesat..
  • Hermes - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. COSPAR: 2011-F01C. Summary: University of Colorado Cubesat..

2011 October 12 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA.
  • JUGNU - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37839 . COSPAR: 2011-058B. Apogee: 866 km (538 mi). Perigee: 839 km (521 mi). Inclination: 20.0000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Summary: Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur technology satellite..

2011 October 28 - .
  • AubieSat-1 - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37850 . COSPAR: 2011-061B. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi). Perigee: 457 km (283 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Auburn University cubesat..
  • DICE-X - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37851 . COSPAR: 2011-061C. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Utah State University cubesat..
  • DICE-Y - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37852 . COSPAR: 2011-061D. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Utah State University cubesat..
  • Explorer-1 PRIME Flight Unit 2 - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37853 . COSPAR: 2011-061E. Apogee: 815 km (506 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Montana State University cubesat..
  • M-Cubed - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37854 . COSPAR: 2011-061F. Apogee: 815 km (506 mi). Perigee: 457 km (283 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 97.40 min. Summary: University of Michigan cubesat..
  • RAX-2 - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37855 . COSPAR: 2011-061G. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi). Perigee: 456 km (283 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: University of Michigan cubesat..

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