Encyclopedia Astronautica
UK



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Aberporth
Credit: © Mark Wade
UK

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Associated People
  • Peake Peake, Timothy Nagel (1972-) British pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on. More...
  • Digges Digges, Thomas (1576-1576) British astronomer and mathematician who modified Dante's medieval conceptions of the universe in his Description of the Caelestiall Orbes (1576), adopting a Copernican view that placed the Sun in the centre of the universe. More...
  • Newton Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) British scientist, single-handedly developed the principles and mathematical basis of physics. His work established the calculations necessary for celestial mechanics, the rocket engine, and other essential elements of space exploration. More...
  • Congreve Congreve, William (1772-1828) British engineer. Artillery officer and inventor who greatly advanced the development of black powder rockets for miiltary purposes. His rockets were commonly used in the British Army in the first half of the 19th Century. More...
  • Wells Wells, H G (1866-1946) British writer, noted futurist, and one of the founders of the literary genre of science fiction. His novels described a future filled with technology, some of it terrifying, and contact with extraterrestrial beings, much of it disastrous More...
  • Massey Massey, Sir Harrie S W (1908-) British physicist, chairman of the British National Space Research Committee in the early 1960s. More...
  • Lovell, Bernard Lovell, A C Bernard (1913-) British physicist. Established the Jodrell Bank radio observatory, used during the cold war to support NASA satellites and receive Soviet probe signals. More...
  • Sandys Sandys, Duncan British Politician. British politician. More...
  • Clarke Clarke, Arthur C (1917-2008) British writer. Leading science fiction writer, also wrote key books popularizing space travel in 1950's and 1960's. Created concept of geosynchronous communications satellite in 1946. Wrote 2001: A Space Odyssey. More...
  • Hodge Hodge, John (1929-) British-American engineer. From 1952 worked at Avro. At NASA in flight controls from 1959 at Langley and Houston. 1982, Director of the Space Station Task Force, NASA HQ. Associate Administrator for Operations, Space Station, from 1986 More...
  • Llewellyn Llewellyn, Dr John Anthony 'Tony' (1932-) British-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Ross, H E Ross, H E British engineer, leader of the British Interplanetary Society from 1933. Originated 1939 article that outlined a method of accomplishing a manned lunar mission. More...
  • Hoernig Hoernig, Otto William Jr (1938-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Haskell Haskell, George (1940-) British physicist. at ESA 1972-1992. 1972-1987 in ESA's space science planning office; 1987-1992, liaison officer for scientific use of the space station. More...
  • Taylor, Brian Taylor, Brian (1940-) British Astrophysicist. Brian Taylor joined ESA (then ESRO) in 1967 as a staff scientist. In 1971, he became head of the high energy astrophysics division and in 1984, he became head of the astrophysics division. More...
  • Whitcomb Whitcomb, Gordon P (1940-) British enginee, working at ESA from 1974 on spacecraft system design. Later headed ESA's Future Science Projects Office. More...
  • Boyle Boyle, Anthony Hugh (1941-) British-American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984. More...
  • Longhurst Longhurst, Peter Hervey (1943-2010) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England. More...
  • Farrimond Farrimond, Richard Alfred (1947-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Wood, Nigel Wood, Nigel Richard (1949-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Holmes Holmes, Christopher John Nicholas (1950-) British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London. More...
  • Sellers Sellers, Piers John (1955-) British-American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, STS-121, STS-132. More...
  • Mace Mace, Timothy Kristian Charles (1955-) British engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1998. Was married to the daughter of former Soviet Cosmonaut V Zholobov. More...
  • Foale Foale, Dr Colin Michael 'Mike' (1957-) British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, Mir NASA-4, STS-103, ISS EO-8; 373 days in space. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004. More...
  • Garriott, Richard Garriott, Richard Allen (1961-) American space tourist. Flew on ISS EP-15. Son of astronaut Owen Garriott, raised in Nassau Bay, Texas. Sold first computer game at 16; made millions in computer games. Paid $30 million for a flight to the International Space Station. More...
  • Johnson, Gregory H Johnson, Gregory Harold 'Box' (1962-) British-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-123, STS-134. Flew 34 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm. More...
  • Sharman Sharman, Helen Patricia 'Lenochka' (1963-) British engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Juno. Chemist. First British astronaut. First non-American, non-Soviet female astronaut. More...
  • Patrick Patrick, Nicholas James MacDonald (1964-) British-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116, STS-130. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • BIS Lunar Lander British manned lunar lander. Study 1939. Design of the British Interplanetary Society's BIS Spaceship began in 1937 and was published in January and July 1939. More...
  • BIS Station British manned space station. Study 1948. H. E. Ross proposed a manned satellite station in Earth orbit that would serve as an astronomical and zero-gravity and vacuum research laboratory. More...
  • BIS Space Suit British space suit, study of 1949. In 1947 R A Smith presented a series of papers to the British Interplanetary Society. This space suit was the concept for earth orbit work. More...
  • Nonweiler Waverider British manned spaceplane. Study 1951. The Nonweiler Waverider of the 1950`s was the original caret wing waverider concept. Developed by Professor Terence R F Nonweiler, of Queen's University, Belfast. More...
  • RAF Jerkin System British pressure suit, operational 1955. The RAF Jerkin System comprised a pressure vest used with a P/Q mask and anti-G suit. Several variations included unsleeved, sleeved and integrated garments proven for short term protection to 18 km. More...
  • Armstrong Whitworth Waverider British manned spaceplane. Study 1960. The Armstrong Whitworth Waverider study of the 1950`s called for a two-crew waverider spacecraft powered by a second stage atop a British Blue Streak rocket. More...
  • Hawker Siddeley Waverider-1960 British manned spaceplane. Study 1960. An ambitious Blue Streak / Waverider design study was conducted by Hawker Siddeley Aviation in the 1960's. The project was led by Peter A E Stewart, Astronautics Section, Advanced Projects Group. More...
  • RAE Orbital Fighter British manned spaceplane. This Royal Aircraft Establishment Orbital Fighter proposal of the 1960's envisioned a two stage vehicle. A ramjet powered first stage would release a second stage orbiter similar to, but smaller than, the US Dynasoar. More...
  • Type B British pressure suit, operational 1965. Full pressure suit designed by R. E. Simpson, and developed by Baxter, Woodhouse and Taylor Ltd. for the Royal Air Force. More...
  • NATO 1 British military communications satellite. 4 launches, 1969.11.22 (Skynet 1A) to 1971.02.03 (NATO 2). Military communications. More...
  • Prospero British earth micrometeoroid satellite. 2 launches, 1970.09.02 (R-2) to 1971.10.28 (Prospero). Tested space equipment for future satellites and conducted a scientific experiment to measure the incidence of micro-meteoroids. More...
  • Hawker Siddeley Waverider-1971 British manned spaceplane. Study 1971. The Hawker Siddeley Waverider study of 1971 laid out a space vehicle with a waveriding airbreathing hypersonic first stage, and a rocket propelled, lifting body second stage. More...
  • Skynet British military communications satellite. 2 launches, 1974.01.19 (Skynet 2A) and 1974.11.23 (Skynet 2B). More...
  • Miranda British technology satellite. One launch, 1974.03.09. Satellite technology. Anticipated life: longer than 50 years. More...
  • NATO 3 British military communications satellite. 4 launches, 1976.04.22 (NATO 3A) to 1984.11.14 (NATO 3D). Military communications. More...
  • MicroSat-70 British technology satellite. 14 launches, 1981.10.06 (Oscar 9) to 2002.11.28 (Picosat). Basic Surrey Microsat bus. More...
  • MicroSat SSTL British technology satellite. 3 launches, 1981.10.06 (CERISE) to 1990.01.22 (Oscar 14). Original version of the Surrey Microsat bus. More...
  • Mars via Solar Sail British manned Mars expedition. Study 1982. In 1982 a minimum-mass approach to a Mars expedition was proposed, using aerocapture at Mars and the use of a long-duration solar sail cargo transport. More...
  • IRAS American infrared astronomy satellite. 2 launches, 1983.01.26 (IRAS) and (PIX 2). All-sky survey of astronomical IR bodies. More...
  • ASC British military communications satellite. 3 launches, 1985.08.27 (ASC-1) to 1991.04.13 (ASC-2 / Spacenet F4). More...
  • Multi-Role Recovery Capsule British manned spacecraft. Study 1987. Britain was the only European Space Agency member opposed to ESA's ambitious man-in-space plan, and the British conservative government refused to approve the November 1987 plan. More...
  • MRC DM British manned spacecraft module. Study 1987. Reusable re-entry capsule. More...
  • MRC SM British manned spacecraft module. Study 1987. Expendable equipment section. More...
  • SECS/OTS British military communications satellite. Study 1990. United Kingdom military communications satellite; 1 deg W. Owner/operator: UK Ministry of Defense. Expected operational life 10 years. More...
  • Spacecab British manned spaceplane. Study 1990. Six passenger orbiter portion of a two-stage vehicle proposed by David Ashford of Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd. in the 1980`s / 1990's. It would serve as the prototype for the even more ambitious Spacebus. More...
  • Spacebus British manned spaceplane. Study 1990. 50 passenger orbiter portion of a two-stage vehicle proposed by David Ashford of Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd. in the 1980`s / 1990's. More...
  • Ascender British manned rocketplane. Study 1992. The Bristol Spaceplanes Ascender of the 1990's was a sub-orbital manned spaceplane concept proposed by David Ashford. More...
  • STRV British technology satellite. 4 launches, 1994.06.17 (STRV-1B) to 2000.11.16 (STRV-1d). More...
  • MicroSat-100 British microsatellite bus. 9 launches, 1995.07.07 (CERISE) to 2009.07.29. Enlarged version of the basic Surrey Microsat bus. More...
  • Starchaser 5 British manned spacecraft. Study 2004. X-Prize suborbital ballistic spacecraft concept of Starchaser Industries, Cheshire, England. The concept used a rocket powered vertical takeoff followed by a parachute descent to land. More...
  • Minibus British technology satellite. Study 1999. UoSAT-12 was the first test of the Minibus platform, at 325 kg a larger spacecraft than earlier 50 kg Surrey UoSATs. It carried a mobile radio experiment (MERLION), a GPS receiver, and imaging cameras. More...
  • MiniSat-400 British technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.04.21 (UoSAT-12) to 2005.12.28 (Giove-A). Basic Surrey Minisat bus. More...
  • SNAP British technology satellite. One launch, 2000.06.28. Basic Surrey Nanosat bus. More...
  • UoSAT British amateur radio communications satellite. One launch, 2001.09.30, Picosat. Radio science; also carried amateur radio package. Communication and geophysics research satellite. More...
  • The Green Arrow British manned spacecraft. Study 2004. X-Prize suborbital ballistic spacecraft concept of Flight Exploration of London, England. More...
  • Skynet 5 British military communications satellite. One launch, 2008.06.12. The Skynet 5 program contract was signed by the EADS subsidiary Paradigm Secure Communications Ltd and the UK MOD in October 2003. More...

Associated Engines
  • Black Arrow-3 British solid rocket engine. 29.4 kN. Out of production. Isp=278s. Used on Black Arrow launch vehicle. First flight 1969. More...
  • Gamma 8 Bristol Siddley H2O2/Kerosene rocket engine. 234.8 kN. Out of production. Isp=265s. Used on Black Arrow launch vehicle. First flight 1969. More...
  • Gamma 2 Bristol Siddley H2O2/Kerosene rocket engine. 68.2 kN. Out of production. Isp=265s. Used on Black Arrow launch vehicle. First flight 1969. More...
  • Goldfinch Royal Ordnance solid rocket engine. Out of production. Used on Skylark launch vehicle. More...
  • Mustard Notional lox/lh2 rocket engine. 2157.4 kN. Study 1968. Isp=405s. Used on Mustard launch vehicle. More...
  • RB-211-22B Rolls Royce turbofan engine. 29.4 kN. Thrust is maximum sea level thrust; specific impulse is sea level value at that thrust. Isp=9900s. Used on L1011 launch aircraft for Pegasus, Pegasus XL. First flight 1990. More...
  • RB545 Rolls Royce air augmented rocket engine. 367.7 kN. Used Liquid Air/Lox/LH2. Development ended 1985. Isp=700s. Used on HOTOL launch vehicle. More...
  • Rook Royal Ordnance solid rocket engine. 300 kN. Out of production. Fast-burning version of Raven. Rook was fired 70 times altogether, in 65 flights and 16 different vehicle designs. More...
  • RZ.2 Rolls Royce Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 836.3 kN. Isp=282s. Used on Europa launch vehicle. First flight 1964. More...
  • Sabre Rolls Royce air augmented rocket engine. Used Air/Lox/LH2. Developed -1995. Isp=700s. In development for Skylon launch vehicl; descendent of RB545 developed for abandoned HOTOL space launcher. More...
  • Stonechat Mk 2 Royal Ordnance solid rocket engine. Out of production. There seem to have been even larger classified versions. Used on Falstaff launch vehicle. More...
  • Stonechat I RO solid rocket engine. 232 kN. Largest solid rocket motor ever produced in Britain. Motor developed for hypersonic research vehicle. Subsequently used in Falstaff test vehicle. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Newton's Orbital Cannon British gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. Isaac Newton discussed the use of a cannon to attain orbit in 1687 in his Principia Mathematica - the very book that defined classical physics and provided the theoretical basis for space travel and rocketry. Newton used the following 'thought experiment' to explain the principle of orbits around the earth (see illustration):

    Imagine a mountain so high that its peak is above the atmosphere of the earth. Imagine on top of that mountain a cannon, that fires horizontally. As more and more charge is used with each shot, the speed of the cannonball will be grater, and the projectile will impact the ground farther and farther from the mountain. Finally, at a certain speed, the cannonball will not hit the ground at all. It will fall toward the circular earth just as fast as the earth curves away from it. In the absence of drag from the atmosphere, it will continue forever in an orbit around the earth. More...

  • BIS 3 Stage The British Interplanetary Society (BIS) reusable booster concept of 1950 was a 3 stage, rocket, similar to Von Braun concepts of the time. The third stage was a winged vehicle which would use the skip-glide re-entry technique conceived by Saenger. More...
  • Skylark 1 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 8 + 1 x Raven 1/1A/2A More...
  • Skylark British sounding rocket. The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. The original basic single-stage Skylark version used a Raven 1 motor (Rook derivative). The RPE Raven 1 burned 840 kg of propellant (ammonium perchlorate, polyisobutylene binder and aluminium powder) in thirty seconds with a 1450 kNs total impulse at sea level. More...
  • Skylark 2 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 2 + 1 x Raven 8. The Cuckoo booster burned for 4 seconds and provided 364 kN-sec total impulse. The Raven 2 provided 1540 N-sec total impulse. More...
  • Black Knight The Black Knight was a British test vehicle designed to test re-entry vehicles for the Blue Streak MRBM. It was subsequently used for a series of US-sponsored test of RV radar signatures. More...
  • Rook British test vehicle. Single stage vehicle consisting of a Rook solid rocket motor. Used initially for supersonic tests of aircraft models. More...
  • Leopard British test vehicle. Two stage aerodynamic test vehicle consisting of 1 x Rook + 1 x Gosling. Developed from the basic Rook vehicle for tests requiring higher velocities. More...
  • Skylark 2C British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 2 More...
  • Jaguar The Jaguar was designed by the RAE Supersonics Department as part of the HRV (Hypersonic Research Vehicle) program. This was a joint project with the Australian Weapons Research Establishment for testing of re-entry vehicles at high speeds. Regardless of the variant, the Rook first stage would propel the upper stages and subscale RV to a high altitude. The upper stages would then fire downward to push the RV into the atmosphere at speeds of up to 5 km/s. After the conclusion of the HRV project in April 1970, tests continued using the Jabiru 3 with other aerothermal experiments until November 1974. More...
  • Jaguar 1 Three stage version consisting of 1 x Rook II + 1 x Gosling IIN + 1 x Lobster I More...
  • Skylark 5C British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 5 More...
  • Skua 1 British sounding rocket. In the original Skua version, 3 Chick boosters were used. The Bantam second stage burned for 30 seconds to boost the payload to 70 km. The payload deployed a radar-reflective parachute to allow winds aloft to be measured, and readings from a thermometer were radioed to the ground. More than 900 Skua 1's were launched from 11 sites in six countries. More...
  • Skua British sounding rocket. In 1959, the Royal Meteorological Office's High Altitude Research Unit contracted with Bristol Aerojet and RPE Wescott to develop a low-cost meteorological rocket designed to reach altitudes of 80 km. The resulting Skua design consisted of Chick boosters which burned for 0.2 seconds to blast the rocket 20 m above the 5 m launch tube. Then the Bantam second stage would ignite and boost the payload to altitude. Four Skua variants were flown over the years. More...
  • Skylark 5 British sounding rocket. Single stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 5. The Raven 5 increased total impulse to 1780 kN-sec. More...
  • Skylark 7C British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 7 More...
  • Skylark 7 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 7 + 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 11 More...
  • Skylark 8 British sounding rocket. Skylark version with Stonechat booster and Waxwing second stage motor. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 9 British sounding rocket. Skylark single-stage version with Stonechat motor. This would make it similar to the Falstaff test version. Never built. More...
  • RAE TSTO British winged orbital launch vehicle. The Royal Aircraft Establishment Two Stage To Orbit (TSTO) Concept of the 1960's consisted of a hypersonic air-breathing first stage and rocket powered second stage. More...
  • Jaguar 2 Three stage version consisting of 1 x Rook IIIA + 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Gosling IV More...
  • Skylark 3 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 6 More...
  • Mustard The British Aircraft Corporation "Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device" design of 1964-1965 was a winged two-stage-to-orbit reuseable space shuttle using the 'triamese' concept. The three components of the design were lifting bodies with a configuration similar to the American HL-10 vehicle. BAC sought to reduce development cost by use of two boosters nearly identical to the orbiter vehicle. More...
  • RAE Orbital Fighter British winged orbital launch vehicle. The Royal Aircraft Establishment Orbital Fighter proposal of the 1960's envisioned a two stage vehicle. A ramjet powered first stage would release a second stage orbiter similar to, but smaller than the U.S. X-20 Dyna-Soar. The spaceplane would utilise a gliding re-entry to return to earth. More...
  • Skylark 11 British sounding rocket. Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven VI + 1 x Cuckoo II or IV. Never flown. More...
  • Petrel British sounding rocket. Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same tube-launch technique as Skua. A total of 240 Petrels were launched from 1967-1982 from many sites around the world. More...
  • Petrel 1 British sounding rocket. Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same launch technique as Skua. Three Chick rockets blasted the upper stage and payload out of a 10-m long launch tube. The 4.5 kN Lapwing second stage burned for 30 seconds. A unique aspect was that the Chick boosters could be recovered and reloaded with propellant. More...
  • Jabiru 2 The Rook motor was 0.43 m in diameter and 5.28 m long. It contained a case-bonded charge of 846 kg of non-aluminized plastic propellant giving a total impulse of 1760 kN-seconds in 5.6 seconds; with a maximum thrust of 323 kN and a specific impulse of 213 seconds. The motor was capable of withstanding the 40g acceleration it provided during firing. It was employed as the first propulsion stage of the Leopard and Jaguar (Jabiru) supersonic test vehicles, and by itself in single-stage test applications. More...
  • Skylark 6 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 6. The Goldfinch provided 700 kN-sec total impulse. More...
  • Skua 2 Skua 2 was used 4 Chick boosters and a lengthened Bantam motor to take more complex 5 kg scientific payloads to 100 km altitude. More than fifty Skua 2's were fired between 1967 and 1972 as part of the British national space program. More...
  • Black Arrow British orbital launch vehicle. Britain's only indigenous launch vehicle. Following cancellation of the project in July 1971, one final launch was permitted, which successfully placed the Prospero satellite in orbit. More...
  • Stonechat I British sounding rocket. Single stage hypersonic test vehicle using the Stonechat I solid rocket motor. More...
  • Stonechat British test vehicle. Single stage hypersonic test vehicles using variants of the Stonechat solid rocket motor. More...
  • Skylark 2 AC British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 8 More...
  • Jabiru 3 Two stage version consisting of 1 x Rook IIIA + 1 x Rook IIIB More...
  • Skylark 4 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 8 More...
  • Skua 4 British sounding rocket. Skua 4 was further enhanced to take a 7.5 kg paylaod to 140 km altitude. The vehicle used four Chick boosters and an improved Bantam upper stage. More...
  • Skylark 10 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Gosling 4T More...
  • Skylark 7 AC British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 11 More...
  • Falstaff British sounding rocket. Single stage hypersonic test vehicle using the Stonechat II solid rocket motor. More...
  • Fulmar British sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Heron (107 kN) + 1 x Snipe (16.7 kN). More...
  • Skylark 12 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 11 + 1 x Cuckoo 4. The AC version uses an uprated Goldfinch II booster. The Raven XI is loaded with 990 kg of propellant and produced 2500 kN-sec total impulse over 39 seconds. The Cuckoo IV stage provides 452 kN-sec impulse over 15 seconds. More...
  • Petrel 2 British sounding rocket. Improved Petrel using four Chick boosters and a lengthened Lapwing second stage which provide 4.5 kN thrust for 40 seconds. Petrel 2's were also fired as targets for missile tests at Woomera. More...
  • Skylark 14 British sounding rocket. Skylark version using Rook 3 booster + Raven 11 upper stage. Never built. Skylark 13 designation not used for superstitious reasons. More...
  • Skylark 15 British sounding rocket. Skylark version using Rook 3 booster + Raven 11 + Cuckoo 5. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 16 British sounding rocket. Skylark version with shortened Stonechat motor. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 17 British sounding rocket. Skylark version with Stonechat booster and Mage 2 second stage motor. Never built. More...
  • HOTOL This single-stage-to-orbit winged horizontal takeoff/horizontal landing launch vehicle concept was powered by the unique Rolls-Royce RB545 air / liquid hydrogen / liquid oxygen rocket engine. HOTOL development was conducted from 1982 to 1986 before the British government withdrew funding. It was superseded by the Interim HOTOL design which sought to reduce development cost through use of existing Lox/LH2 engines. More...
  • Spacecab British winged orbital launch vehicle. The Bristol Spaceplanes Spacecab was a Two Stage To Orbit (TSTO) Manned Spaceplane, with an airbreathing supersonic / hypersonic, delta winged first stage and a second stage powered by a liquid fuelled rocket engine. It was proposed by David Ashford of Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd. in the 1980`s / 1990's. The Concorde-sized spacecraft would deliver a payload of 6 persons to low Earth orbit. It would serve as a prototype for the larger 50-person Spacebus. More...
  • Spacebus British winged orbital launch vehicle. The Bristol Spaceplanes Spacebus was a Two Stage To Orbit (TSTO) Manned Spaceplane, with an airbreathing supersonic / hypersonic, delta winged first stage and a second stage powered by a liquid fuelled rocket engine. It was proposed by David Ashford of Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd. in the 1980`s / 1990's. The 6-crew Concorde-sized Spacecab would serve as a prototype for the larger 50-person Spacebus. More...
  • Interim HOTOL Initiated by a British Aerospace team led by Dr Bob Parkinson in 1991, this was a less ambitious, scaled-back version of the original HOTOL. The single-stage to orbit winged launch vehicle using four Russian rocket engines. It was to have been air-launched from a Ukrainian An-225 Mriya (Dream) aircraft. Interim HOTOL would separate from the carrier aircraft at subsonic speeds, and would then pull up for the ascent to orbit. It would return via a gliding re-entry and landing on gear on a conventional runway. Interim HOTOL suffered from the same aerodynamic design challenges as HOTOL and went through many, many design iterations in the quest for a practical design. More...
  • Ascender British winged rocketplane. The Bristol Spaceplanes Ascender of the 1990`s was a sub-orbital manned spaceplane concept proposed by David Ashford. The Ascender spaceplane would use a small Viper tubojet engine as well as a main liquid fuel rocket engine. The Ascender would act as a technology demonstrator for the orbiter of the orbital Spacecab concept,. More...
  • Skylon British single-stage-to-orbit, horizontal-takeoff-horizontal-landing turborocket orbital launch vehicle design of the mid-1990's. The novel lightweight structural design was based on lessons learned in the many iterations of the HOTOL concept. The classified Sabre turbojet-rocket combined-cycle engine was taken to a high level of test by Alan Bond at Rolls Royce. Despite the extreme promise of the design, neither British government or private financing was forthcoming. More...
  • Skybolt Sounding Rocket British sounding rocket. Reusable sounding rocket design proposed by Starchaser Industries, Cheshire, England. As of 2006 the business case for completing development was being reviewed. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • WO British agency. UK Special Projectile Operations Group, UK. More...
  • RAE British agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Royal Aerospace Establishment, UK. More...
  • SRC British National Space Research Council, UK. More...
  • MoD British agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ministry of Defence, UK. More...
  • Surrey British manufacturer of spacecraft. Surrey Satellite Technologies Ltd. , Guildford, UK More...
  • BIS British manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. British Interplanetary Society, UK. More...

Associated Programs
  • BSB British Direct broadcasting system. Owner/operator: British Satellite Broadcasting Ltd,. More...
  • Oscar Amateur radio satellite network. For over a third of a century a series of OSCAR satellites have been launched in a variety of configurations and by many nations. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Aberporth The Aberporth military test range is located on Cardigan Bay on the west coast of Wales. It already became associated with solid rocket tests during the Second World War. Development of surface-to-air missiles began there in 1948 and tests were made of re-entry and high-speed aircraft shapes in the 1960's. Due to the military nature of the site, the only sounding rocket launches have been to support military test operations. These included 40 known launches from 1959 to 1972. More...
  • RAF Driffield At this location the 8th RAF Strategic Missile Squadron operated 15 Thor IRBM launchers from 22 December 1959 to April 1963. They were withdrawn as part of the secret agreement between Kennedy and Khrushchev ending the Cuban missile crisis, under which all Thor missiles were to be removed from Europe. More...
  • RAF Feltwell At this location the 77th RAF Strategic Missile Squadron operated 15 Thor IRBM launchers from 15 June 22 1959 to 1 July 1963. They were withdrawn as part of the secret agreement between Kennedy and Khrushchev ending the Cuban missile crisis, under which all Thor missiles were to be removed from Europe. More...
  • RAF Hemswell At this location the 7th RAF Strategic Missile Squadron operated 15 Thor IRBM launchers from 11 Sept. 1959 to 15 May 1963. They were withdrawn as part of the secret agreement between Kennedy and Khrushchev ending the Cuban missile crisis, under which all Thor missiles were to be removed from Europe. More...
  • RAF North Luffenham At this location the RAF No. 144 (Strategic Missile) Squadron operated 15 Thor IRBM launchers from 29 April 29 1960 to September 1963. The other units in the North Luffenham Thor complex were No. 218 (SM) Sqn at Harrington, Northamptonshire, No. 223 (SM) Sqn at Folkingham, Lincolnshire, No. 130 (SM) Sqn at Polebrook, Northamptonshire and No. 254 (SM) Sqn at Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire. They were withdrawn as part of the secret agreement between Kennedy and Khrushchev ending the Cuban missile crisis, under which all Thor missiles were to be removed from Europe. More...
  • Kindley Weather rocket launch site, known to have been used for 21 launches from 1962 to 1971, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...
  • South Uist British missile test range, occupying a good portion of northwest South Uist island in the Hebrides. Aside from missile testing, it has also been used for launch of Skua and Petrel meteorological rockets. Known to have been used for 222 launches from 1962 to 1982, reaching up to 174 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Greenham Common US base in the 1980's for 29 BGM-109G ground-launched cruise missiles. The launchers and missiles were withdrawn and destroyed under the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...
  • Molesworth US base in the 1980's for 6 BGM-109G ground-launched cruise missiles. The launchers and missiles were withdrawn and destroyed under the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...

Associated Stages
  • Black Arrow-2 H2O2/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 3,537/535 kg. Thrust 68.23 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 265 seconds. More...
  • Black Arrow-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 397/87 kg. Thrust 29.40 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 278 seconds. More...
  • Black Arrow-1 H2O2/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 14,104/1,070 kg. Thrust 234.82 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 265 seconds. More...
  • Cockatoo-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 200 kg. Thrust 152.00 kN. More...
  • Europa-1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 89,406/6,997 kg. Thrust 1,672.67 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 282 seconds. More...
  • Falstaff-1 Solid rocket stage. 242.00 kN (54,404 lbf) thrust. Mass 5,100 kg (11,244 lb). More...
  • Fulmar-2 Solid rocket stage. 16.00 kN (3,597 lbf) thrust. Mass 200 kg (441 lb). More...
  • HOTOL Liquid Air/Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 250,000/50,000 kg. Thrust 1,103.20 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 700 seconds. More...
  • INTA-255-1 Solid rocket stage. 22.00 kN (4,946 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • INTA-300-1 Solid rocket stage. 137.00 kN (30,799 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • Interim HOTOL Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 250,000/33,100 kg. Thrust 7,840.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 455 seconds. More...
  • Jabiru-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 300 kg. Thrust 140.00 kN. More...
  • Jaguar 1-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 200 kg. Thrust 140.00 kN. More...
  • Mustard 1 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 141,043/24,036 kg. Thrust 2,150.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 405 seconds. More...
  • Mustard 2 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 142,184/24,943 kg. Thrust 2,150.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 405 seconds. More...
  • Petrel-1 Solid rocket stage. 4.50 kN (1,012 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • Petrel 2-1 Solid rocket stage. 4.50 kN (1,012 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • Rook II Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,057 kg (2,330 lb). More...
  • Rook IIIA Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,057 kg (2,330 lb). More...
  • Rook IIIB Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,057 kg (2,330 lb). More...
  • Rook Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,057 kg (2,330 lb). More...
  • Skylon Air/Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 263,000/42,319 kg. Thrust 1,300.00 kN. Specific impulse 425 seconds. Engine thrust, burn time estimated. More...
  • Skylark 4-1 Solid rocket stage. 175.00 kN (39,342 lbf) thrust. Mass 400 kg (882 lb). More...
  • Stonechat I-1 Solid rocket stage. 232.00 kN (52,156 lbf) thrust. Mass 4,800 kg (10,582 lb). More...
  • Zenit C-0 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 200 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. More...

UK Chronology


1675 June 22 - .
  • Royal Greenwich Observatory founded. - . Nation: UK.

1687 July 6 - .
  • Isaac Newton's Principia Published - . Nation: UK.

1781 March 13 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Uranus - . Nation: UK.

1787 January 11 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Uranus Moons Titania and Oberon - . Nation: UK.

1789 August 28 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Saturn Moon Enceladus - . Nation: UK.

1789 September 17 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Saturn Moon Mimas - . Nation: UK.

1820 January 12 - .
  • Royal Astronomical Society founded. - . Nation: UK.

1840 January 19 - .
  • Discovery of Antarctica - . Nation: UK.

1846 October 10 - .
  • William Lassell's Discovery of Neptune Moon Triton - . Nation: UK.

1848 September 19 - .
  • William and George Bond's Discovery of Saturn Moon Hyperion - . Nation: UK.

1851 October 24 - .
  • William Lassell's Discovery of Uranus Moons Umbriel and Ariel - . Nation: UK.

1908 January 27 - .
  • Melotte's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Pasiphae - . Nation: UK.

1932 April 22 - .
1933 October 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society founded - . Nation: UK.

1934 June 6 - . Launch Vehicle: Zucker Rocket.
  • Zucker mail rocket launch at Sussex Downs - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Zucker. Apogee: 0.60 km (0.37 mi). Zucker, his backer, and selected press representatives met on a hilltop on Sussex Downs. After a first successful test launch without payload, two launches were made with postal covers. The observers guessed the rockets went as high as 400 to 800 m. Banner headlines the next day announced 'The First British Rocket Mail' and carried Zucker's claim that soon he would inaugrate regular one minute rocket post service between Dover and Calais.

1934 July 31 - . Launch Vehicle: Zucker Rocket.
  • Zucker mail rocket explosion at Harris - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Zucker. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Zucker announced a demonstration firing of his rocket over 1600 m of water between the town of Harris and the Isle of Scarp. Government officials watched as the rocket exploded, blowing the burning payload of postal covers all over the beach. The British found Zucker to be a 'threat to the income of the post office and the security of the country'. He was deported to Germany, where he was immediately arrested by the Germans on suspicion of espionage or collaboration with Britain.

1938 July 21 - .
1941 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Anthony Hugh Boyle - . Nation: UK; USA. Summary: British-American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984..

1943 March 8 - .
  • Birth of Peter Hervey Longhurst - . Nation: UK. Summary: British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England..

1945 October 1 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Project Backfire first attempted V-2 launch. - . Nation: UK. Summary: Attempted launch of a V-2 from Altenwalde by German technicians under British direction in order to document launch procedures. The launch was aborted on the pad and a different missile was selected for the next attempt..

1945 October 2 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Backfire 1 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Launch of V-2 from Altenwalde by German technicians under British direction in order to document launch procedures. The launch was successful and the missile reached an altitude of 90 km..

1945 October 4 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Partial failure.
  • Backfire 2 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Partial failure; the rocket only reached 20 km altitude..

1945 October 15 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Backfire 3 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: WO. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Third and final launch in Project Backfire, with allied observors. Glushko, Sokolov, Pobedonostsev; Korolev and Gaidukov kept outside fence; Von Karman, Merrill, Seifert, Pickering from US. The launch was successful and the missile reached an altitude of 90 km.

1947 September 15 - .
1948 November 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society manned lunar landing mission - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: BIS Lunar Lander. A paper read to the British Interplanetary Society by H. E. Ross described a manned lunar landing mission which would require a combination of the earth orbit and lunar orbit rendezvous techniques. Three spacecraft would be launched simultaneously into earth orbit, each carrying a pilot. After rendezvous, the crew would transfer to ship A, which would refuel from ships B and C. Ship C would be discarded completely, but ship B would be fueled with the surplus not needed by A. The spacecraft would then be fired into a translunar trajectory. Upon reaching the vicinity of the moon, the spacecraft would go into lunar orbit, detach fuel tanks, and descend to the lunar surface. To return to earth, the spacecraft would rendezvous with the fuel tanks, refuel, and fire into a transearth trajectory. On approaching the earth, the spacecraft would rendezvous with ship B, the crew would transfer to ship B, and descend to earth. The ability to rendezvous in space was seen to be the essential element of such a project. The total payload weight at launch would be 1,326 tons equally divided among the three ships as compared to 2.6 times this weight required for a direct ascent and return from the moon.

1948 November 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society's H. E. Ross described a manned satellite station. - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: BIS Station. In a paper presented to the British Interplanetary Society, H. E. Ross described a manned satellite station in Earth orbit that would serve as an astronomical and zero-gravity and vacuum research laboratory. (Ross' bold suggestions also included schemes for a manned landing on the Moon and return to Earth through use of the rendezvous technique in Earth orbit and about the Moon.) Ross' suggested design comprised a circular structure that housed the crew of the space laboratory (numbering 24 specialists and support personnel) as well as telescopes and research equipment. The station, he suggested, could be resupplied with oxygen and other life-support essentials by supply ships launched every three months.

1949 July 21 - .
  • Birth of Nigel Richard Wood - . Nation: UK. Summary: British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1950 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Christopher John Nicholas Holmes - . Nation: UK. Summary: British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London..

1951 During the Year - .
  • Nonweiler Waverider - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: Nonweiler Waverider. Summary: The Nonweiler Waverider was a caret wing hypersonic waverider concept developed by Professor Terence R.F. Nonweiler, of Queen`s University, Belfast..

1951 - During the year - .
  • The Exploration of Space by Arthur C. Clarke - . Nation: UK. Arthur C. Clarke's The Exploration of Space was first published in England in 1951, and became a US Book of the Month Club selection the following year. The book included an alternative to the direct ascent technique: assembling or refueling the space vehicle in earth orbit before injection into translunar trajectory, to be followed, possibly, by rendezvous in lunar orbit with fuel tanker rockets launched from the earth.

1955 April 11 - .
  • Birth of Piers John Sellers - . Nation: UK; USA. Summary: British-American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, STS-121, STS-132..

1955 November 20 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Kristian Charles Mace - . Nation: UK. Summary: British engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1998. Was married to the daughter of former Soviet Cosmonaut V Zholobov..

1957 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Dr Colin Michael 'Mike' Foale - . Nation: UK; USA. Summary: British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, Mir NASA-4, STS-103, ISS EO-8; 373 days in space. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004..

1958 September 7 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.01.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Summary: Black Knight missile of the United Kingdom was launched from the Australian range at Woomera to an altitude of over 300 miles..

1959 March 12 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.03.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Summary: Second British Black Knight rocket reached 350-mile altitude at Woomera, Australia..

1959 June 11 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.04.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi).

1959 June 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 June 29 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.05.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi).

1959 July 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L2B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 October 30 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.06.
  • Research and development / Reentry Test / chemical release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 732 km (454 mi).

1960 During the Year - .
  • Armstrong Whitworth Waverider - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: Armstrong Whitworth Waverider. The study called for a two-crew waverider spacecraft powered by a second stage atop a British Blue Streak rocket. The group leaders of this project were H R Watson of Armstrong Whitworth, and Dr W F Hilton of Hawker Siddeley. The spacecraft design was by T R F Nonweiler.

1960? - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2?. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1J.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 January 2 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 January 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 April 21 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water. LV Configuration: Blue Water FJ 3.
  • Flight 1 - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 April 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 April 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 April 29 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1G.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi).

1960 May 27 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 June 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.09.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi).

1960 July 12 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 14 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1H.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 25 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.07.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi).

1960 August 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 G1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 November 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1961 February 7 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.13.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 687 km (426 mi).

1961 April 21 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1961 April 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1K.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 May 9 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi).

1961 June 7 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 583 km (362 mi).

1961 July 4 - .
  • Birth of Richard Allen Garriott - . Nation: UK; USA. Summary: American computer scientist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-15. Son of astronaut Owen Garriott. Sold first computer game at 16; made millions in computer games. Paid $30 million for a flight to the International Space Station..

1961 July 20 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 July 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra23.
  • Ranger 23 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
  • Ranger test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 November 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1962 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra26.
  • Ranger 26 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 April 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 April 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 320/D9.
  • Ariel 1 - . Payload: UK 1 (S-51). Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1976-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 285 . COSPAR: 1962-Omicron-1. Apogee: 1,203 km (747 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 53.8000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Summary: Ionospheric studies; returned X-ray, ionospheric, cosmic ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 May 1 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.15.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi).

1962 May 12 - .
1962 June 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Blue Water.
  • Flight 15 - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 June 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 August 24 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C BK.16.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Bo1.
  • Bonorong 1 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 November 29 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C BK.18.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 576 km (357 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L6.
  • Leopard 6 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 27 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1963 May 23 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NASA; Canterbury. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 30 - .
  • Birth of Helen Patricia 'Lenochka' Sharman - . Nation: UK. Summary: British engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Juno. Chemist. First British astronaut. First non-American, non-Soviet female astronaut..

1964 - . Launch Vehicle: Mustard.
  • MUSTARD - Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device study - . Nation: UK. British Aircraft Corporation study of 1964-1965 for winged reuseable space shuttle using the 'triamese' concept - reduced costs by use of two boosters nearly identical to the orbiter vehicle. The components were lifting bodies with a configuration similar to the US HL-10 vehicle.

1964 January 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1964 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1964 January 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Wind,Temp - . Nation: UK. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C2 BK.12.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1964 March 22 - .
1964 March 27 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S127R.
  • Ariel 2 - . Payload: UK 2 (UK-C). Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: DSIR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1967-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 771 . COSPAR: 1964-015A. Apogee: 1,349 km (838 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1964 August 5 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.19.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi).

1964 October 2 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 2. LV Configuration: Jaguar 2 J201.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.20.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 629 km (390 mi).

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NASA; Canterbury. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 10 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra28.
  • Ranger 28 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 April 21 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.21.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 651 km (404 mi).

1965 May 12 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly4.
  • Lynx 4 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 July 23 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra30.
  • Ranger 30 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 July 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.23.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 492 km (305 mi).

1965 August 25 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 2. LV Configuration: Jaguar 2 J202.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1965 September 28 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.24.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 605 km (375 mi).

1965 November 25 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C2. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C2 BK.25.
  • Dazzle re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi).

1965 December 24 - .
  • Barwell Meteorite Fall (Hit Car, Buildings) - . Nation: UK.

1966 February 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 18 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 21 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 February 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1966 February 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 March 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 March 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 March 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 April 18 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 August 10 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1966 September 27 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1966 November 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 2. LV Configuration: Jaguar 2 J204.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1967 May 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1967 May 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A. LV Configuration: Scout A S155C.
  • Ariel 3 - . Payload: UK 3 (UK-E). Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1970-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2773 . COSPAR: 1967-042A. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 80.6000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 Q3? - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 Q3? - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 July 8 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su1H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1967 July 11 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly6.
  • Lynx 6 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su2H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1967 August 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ob1.
  • Oberon 1 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 September 7 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra32.
  • Ranger 32 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 December 7 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J205.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1968 Q1? - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Test - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 February 3 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P5H.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 February 13 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1968 February 15 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0681.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR; INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 February 15 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-670.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 February 16 - . 10:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6802.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR; INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 February 17 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0683.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR; INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 February 29 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P6H.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 March 4 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-666.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 March 6 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P7H.
  • C / D / E electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P8H.
  • C / D / E electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 March 29 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su8H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0684.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 April 24 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0685.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1968 April 24 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0686.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1968 May 29 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P17H.
  • Langmuir probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 June 1 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P18H.
  • Langmuir probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 June 21 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su3H. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 June 22 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su4H.
  • Ionosphere/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1968 July 2 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su5H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 July 8 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su6H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 July 18 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J206.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1968 August 1 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P13H.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1968 August 7 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su9H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 October 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ob2.
  • Oberon 2 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1968 November 6 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0687.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1968 November 8 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0688.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1968 November 8 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su10H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 11 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P15H.
  • C / D / E electrons / SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 November 12 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-0689.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 November 13 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6810.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 15 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-5811.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 16 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su11H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 18 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6812.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1968 November 20 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6813.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 November 22 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6814.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1968 November 22 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su7H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 November 25 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6815.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 November 27 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6816.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1968 November 29 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6817.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1968 November 30 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P19H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su7aH.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su12H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1968 December 5 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P22H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1968 December 9 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P9H.
  • Winter abs / Strato Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1969 January 5 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 January 7 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 January 8 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 January 10 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1969 January 13 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 January 15 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1969 January 18 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 January 27 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1969 February 3 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P24K.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 11 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P23K.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P27K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 February 15 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P28K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P29K.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P25K.
  • E field gradient Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 March 18 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P11K.
  • E-region E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 27 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E-667.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P26K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 April 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J207.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1969 April 1 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 5C. LV Configuration: Skylark-5C SL724.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1969 April 3 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL502.
  • UK SL502 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1969 April 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E-645.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL606.
  • UK SL606 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1969 April 22 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL604.
  • UK SL604 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1969 May 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J202-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1969 May 14 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL404.
  • UK SL404 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1969 June 18 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P34H.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 June 19 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P35H.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 June 27 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow-BA0 R-0. FAILURE: Control lost after 50 sec. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). Summary: Suborbital research and development flight.

1969 July 3 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly5.
  • Lynx 5 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1969 July 14 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 5C. LV Configuration: Skylark-5C SL722.
  • Electron profile Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 July 16 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J208.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL729.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 5C. LV Configuration: Skylark-5C SL721.
  • Electron profile Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1969 July 28 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P40H.
  • SpE fine scale Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1969 July 29 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL730.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1969 August 2 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P12H.
  • SpE fine scale Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL605.
  • HRCS / PHC Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1969 September 15 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P58H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 September 30 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P46H.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Stonechat I. LV Configuration: Stonechat I F.00.
  • HRV 933 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1969 October 1 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P52H.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 1 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P51H.
  • Night D / E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 10 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P20H.
  • SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 October 11 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P38H.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 14 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P14H.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL861.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 16 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J209.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P16H.
  • SpE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL862.
  • Grenades / TMA release / Barium release Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 October 20 - . 07:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL586.
  • UK SL586 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1969 October 22 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL821.
  • X-ray survey / Solar X X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL602. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Fresnel shadowgraph X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1969 November 20 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL801.
  • Solar ultraviolet Spectrum / PHC Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1969 November 22 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta M. LV Configuration: Thor Delta M 554/D74.
  • Skynet 1A - . Mass: 243 kg (535 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 1. Completed Operations Date: 1980-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 4250 . COSPAR: 1969-101A. Apogee: 35,894 km (22,303 mi). Perigee: 35,682 km (22,171 mi). Inclination: 13.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Over Indian Ocean. Military communications. Previously registered by the United States in A/AC.105/INF.220: 1969-101A, orbital data 276 x 36716 km x 28.0 deg, category C. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 41 deg E in 1969-1972?; ??? 1972-1977; over the Americas at 100-110 deg W in 1977-1998 As of 26 August 2001 located at 104.51 deg W drifting at 0.015 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 106.94W drifting at 0.015W degrees per day.

1969 November 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ob3.
  • Oberon 3 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1969 November 26 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1969 November 26 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL603.
  • Solar ultraviolet FP / PHC Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1969 November 29 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 December 2 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 December 4 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1969 December 8 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 December 11 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6905.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6906.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su24H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1969 December 13 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6907.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 14 - . 11:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 15 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6908.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1969 December 16 - . 11:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6909.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1969 December 16 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su25H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1969 December 17 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6910.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1969 December 17 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6911.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 18 - . 13:28 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-6912.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1969 December 19 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1969 December 23 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 December 27 - . 17:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1969 December 29 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1969 December 30 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 January 5 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1970 January 7 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 9 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su26H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1970 January 9 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 03.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7001.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su22H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 January 12 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 04.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 January 16 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7003.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7004.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1970 January 19 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7005.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1970 January 19 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7006.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 January 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 23 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1970 January 26 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 10.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1970 January 28 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 30 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua UCL 12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 February 5 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly8.
  • Lynx 8 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1970 February 10 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC S72. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S72 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1970 February 16 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7007.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 17 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7008.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 February 18 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su13T/C.
  • ISRO 16.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 February 18 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7009.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7010.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 20 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7011.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7012.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 February 21 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P53H.
  • UK-4 instrumented prototype Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1970 February 23 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7013.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7001.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7002.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7003.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7004.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7005.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7007.
  • Chaff Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7008.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7009.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7010.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7011.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7012.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7013.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 February 25 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7014.
  • Chaff Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7015.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7016.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7017.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7018.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7021.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7022.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7023.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7024.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7025.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7026.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7027.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 February 27 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7029.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7030.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7031.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7032.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1970 February 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7014.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 March 3 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow-BA0 R-1.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Summary: Successful suborbital research and development flight.

1970 March 5 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7015.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 March 5 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MP-7016.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.003.
  • ISRO 16.03 TERLS-155 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1970 March 10 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.004.
  • ISRO 16.04 TERLS-159 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL921.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1970 March 12 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.005.
  • ISRO 16.05 TERLS-160 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1970 March 14 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.006.
  • ISRO 16.06 TERLS-161 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 March 16 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.007.
  • ISRO 16.07 TERLS-162 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1970 March 16 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.008.
  • ISRO 16.08 TERLS-163 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1970 March 18 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.009.
  • ISRO 16.09 TERLS-169 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1970 March 18 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL901.
  • X-ray BCS Sco X-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/1 (K70/01).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/2 (K70/02).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/3 (K70/03?).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/4 (K70/04?).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 RTG SSK3/5 (K70/05?).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 19 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL401.
  • Ultraviolet Schmidt Objective Prism Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1970 March 20 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.010.
  • ISRO 16.10 TERLS-173 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1970 March 22 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua ISRO-16.011.
  • ISRO 16.11 TERLS-174 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL802.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1970 April 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2. LV Configuration: Jabiru 2 J210.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 April 7 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL803.
  • Solar ultraviolet echelle Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su28H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su27H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 April 14 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su16H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 April 14 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su17H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1970 April 15 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su15T/C.
  • ISRO-16.13 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su14T/C.
  • ISRO-16.12 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 April 16 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL728.
  • X-ray spectra / Ozone X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 April 17 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su18H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1970 April 21 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P36H.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E-671.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 18 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E-468.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 24 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su23H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 June 27 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P39H.
  • SpE fine scale Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1970 July 1 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua Su29H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 July 10 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 5C. LV Configuration: Skylark-5C SL727.
  • X-ray spectra / Ionos X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1970 July 14 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL971.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1970 July 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL811.
  • Extreme ultraviolet OGS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • RTG SP4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1970 August 19 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta M. LV Configuration: Thor Delta M 561/D80.
  • Skynet 1B - . Mass: 243 kg (535 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 1. USAF Sat Cat: 4493 . COSPAR: 1970-062A. Apogee: 37,460 km (23,270 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 25.9000 deg. Period: 665.40 min. Summary: AKM failure left in unusable orbit. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1970 September 2 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow R-2. FAILURE: Second stage shut down 13 seconds early.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Orba - . Payload: X 2. Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Prospero. Decay Date: 1970-09-02 . COSPAR: F700902A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Summary: Unsuccessful attempt to orbit a satellite..

1970 September 8 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P30H.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1970 September 8 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P32H.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 September 11 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P31H.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 September 18 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P10H.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL972.
  • X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1970 October 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL1021.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 October 16 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC S53. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S53 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1970 October 19 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC S58. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S58 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 November 11 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL905.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1970 November 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P21H.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 November 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P37H.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1970 November 19 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P47H.
  • VLF fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1970 November 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL904.
  • XRB anisotropy X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1970 November 24 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL804.
  • X-ray crystal spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1970 December 2 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P81H. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1970 December 9 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 EMP-7001.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1970 December 11 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 EMP-7002.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1970 December 12 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 EMP-7003.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1971 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--320A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 January 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--325H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 21 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--322A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 January 22 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--327H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--324A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 23 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--329H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1971 January 25 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--331H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 January 26 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--326A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1971 January 28 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--333H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1971 January 28 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--328A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1971 January 29 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1001.
  • XRB anisotropy X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1971 February 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--335H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1971 February 3 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--336H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1971 February 4 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--330A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 5 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--337H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1971 February 8 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--332A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 10 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--334A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1971 February 10 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua M--338H.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 February 22 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC S85. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S85 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1971 March 2 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SL922.
  • UK SL922 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P69K.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P92K.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1971 March 22 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AB-7101.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1971 March 23 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AB-7102.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1971 March 23 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AB-7103.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AB-7104.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1971 March 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AB-7105.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1971 April 5 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P68K.
  • Small-scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1971 April 14 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P61K.
  • Particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1971 April 15 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P66K.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1971 April 16 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P62K.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P64K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P67K.
  • Winds / E field Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 April 21 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P63K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1971 April 24 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P54K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P65K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 May 10 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL812. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-ray Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 02:56 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA SC-7101.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA SA-7102.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1971 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ori23.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1971 June 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P48H.
  • D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 June 26 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P120H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 June 28 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P109H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 July 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK39H.
  • ionosphere / Neutral atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1971 July 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA F1.
  • FFARV test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1971 July 3 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook IIIA. LV Configuration: Rook IIIA Ly7.
  • Lynx 7 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1971 July 14 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK36H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 July 14 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P79H.
  • Electron analyser Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 July 14 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P93H.
  • Electron analyser Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1971 July 30 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK37H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 August 5 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL902.
  • Solar spectra Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 September 13 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P74H. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Night D / E regions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1971 September 15 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK38H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1971 September 22 - . 12:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P121H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1971 September 24 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P122H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1971 September 27 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1002.
  • GX3+1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1971 September 28 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P49H.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1971 October 7 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL973.
  • X-ray RMC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1971 October 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S81.
  • ESRO S81 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1971 October 14 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK41H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1971 October 20 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1971 October 24 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL974.
  • GX3+1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1971 October 28 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Vehicle: Black Arrow. LV Configuration: Black Arrow R-3.
  • Prospero - . Payload: X 3. Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Prospero. USAF Sat Cat: 5580 . COSPAR: 1971-093A. Apogee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Perigee: 531 km (329 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: To test in space equipment for future satellites and to conduct a scientific experiment to measure the incidence of micro-meteoroids. Launch time 0409 GMT, injection point 13.7 deg S, 137.9 deg E. Anticipated life 100 years. .

1971 November 18 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P123S/C.
  • Lithium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 November 19 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK42H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1971 November 25 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P124S/C.
  • Lithium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 November 30 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1101.
  • HRCS / X-ray imager Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1971 December 1 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P80H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 December 3 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P82H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1971 December 6 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P83H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 December 7 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P84H.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL903.
  • X-ray BCS Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 12:22 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P119H.
  • Electron temp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 11 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1. LV Configuration: Scout B-1-F S183C.
  • Ariel 4 - . Payload: UK 4. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1978-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 5675 . COSPAR: 1971-109A. Apogee: 592 km (367 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Ionospheric studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 January 4 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P78T/C.
  • ISRO 18.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1972 January 5 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK30T/C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO-16.14 Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1972 January 6 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P95T/C.
  • ISRO 18.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 January 7 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P77T/C.
  • ISRO 18.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 January 14 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P89T/C.
  • ISRO 18.04 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK43H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P85H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1972 January 18 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK31T/C.
  • ISRO-16.15 Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1972 January 18 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P88T/C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 18.05 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P107H.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK32T/C.
  • ISRO-16.16 Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P110T/C.
  • ISRO 18.06 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 February 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P59T/C.
  • ISRO 18.07 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P60T/C.
  • ISRO 18.08 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P111H.
  • Faraday rotation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P117H.
  • E-region multiprobe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1023.
  • UK SL1023 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1009.
  • Echelle spectra Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1972 March 26 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1081.
  • ER1 Test / remote sensing mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1972 April 7 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Nagel Peake - . Nation: UK. Summary: British pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1972 April 14 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSC-7201.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK45H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 12:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSC-7202.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 April 21 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-7201.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 April 28 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-7203.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 May 3 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSC-7203.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 May 5 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCL-7204.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1972 May 10 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCL-7205.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7204.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1. LV Configuration: Skua SK44H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 24 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7205.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7206.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 June 7 - . 11:23 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7207.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 June 14 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7208.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 June 21 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7209.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ba5.
  • Badger 5 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1972 July 5 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1191.
  • UK SL1191 - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 July 5 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7211.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7212.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 July 20 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1183.
  • UK SL1183 (Dummy R) test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1972 August 29 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P118H.
  • E-region multiprobe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 August 29 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P130H.
  • Solar La / X Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1972 August 30 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P75H.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1972 August 31 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P108H.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1972 August 31 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P76H.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 October 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P127A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 7 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P42A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P55A.
  • VLF radio hiss Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK19A.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 17 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 SL1022.
  • Composition / scattering Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1972 October 18 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7201.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 October 20 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7202.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P126A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL402.
  • Soft X-ray / Lunar ultraviolet X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK20A.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P125A.
  • Electron analyser Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 25 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7203.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 October 26 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1003.
  • X-ray BCS / RMC Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1972 October 29 - . 15:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SK21A.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 November 2 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC S95.
  • ESRO S95 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; ESRO. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 November 3 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P129A.
  • Polar chorus Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 November 8 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P41A.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 December 7 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1202.
  • GX5-1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1005.
  • Ions / O2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Petrel. LV Configuration: Petrel D.
  • Target - . Nation: UK. Agency: MOD. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 January 10 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7301.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1973 January 19 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7302.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1973 January 20 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCL-7301.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 January 22 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7303.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 January 24 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7304.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 January 25 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCL-7302.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7305.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1973 January 29 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCL-7303.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 January 30 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1205.
  • GX2+5 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1973 January 31 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSACLO-7301.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 February 19 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P116H.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 February 22 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P114H.
  • Electrons / La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 February 23 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P113H.
  • Electrons / La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 February 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1010.
  • X-ray parabolic telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1004.
  • Imaging spectrograph Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SUPARCO/MR/71.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 March 15 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SUPARCO/MR/72.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1973 March 20 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P43H.
  • Dawn chorus Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1973 March 20 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1102.
  • Echelle spectrograph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Villa Reynolds. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1182.
  • UK SL1182 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 23 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7302.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1973 March 26 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7303.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1973 March 28 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Villa Reynolds. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1181.
  • Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 29 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7304.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1973 March 31 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P44H.
  • Dawn chorus Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 06:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P131H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P133H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P105H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P132H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7305.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 14:52 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P134H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P104H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 April 3 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P135H.
  • D-Region / Solar La / X Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1973 April 6 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSC-7306.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1973 April 17 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1011.
  • Mod collimator X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1973 April 18 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SUPARCO/MR/73.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 May 19 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P56H.
  • XRB scintillator tel X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1973 June 16 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1111.
  • Far ultraviolet OGS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1973 June 29 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P162H.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 July 2 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P163H.
  • Composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 July 17 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1291.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1973 July 23 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P45H.
  • XRB scintillator tel X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 August 4 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 AC ER1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UK / SSC ER1 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; SSC. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1973 September 3 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P97H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1973 September 3 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P98H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 September 6 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P165H.
  • Composition / La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1973 September 10 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P102H.
  • TMA Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1973 September 10 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P103H.
  • TMA Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1973 September 15 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P106H.
  • ELF / VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 October 14 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P100A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1973 October 16 - . 19:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P141A.
  • High Latitude / Particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1973 October 16 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1121.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1973 October 17 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P101A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLA-7301.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1122.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P147A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • High Latitude / Particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P142A.
  • High Latitude / e, p Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1973 October 30 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P143A.
  • High Latitude / e, p Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1973 November 14 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1123.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P150A.
  • High Latitude / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 16 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P145A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P149A.
  • High Latitude / Substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P146A.
  • High Latitude / Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1973 November 17 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P148A.
  • High Latitude / Substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 November 26 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1206.
  • Solar corona Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1973 November 30 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7306.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1973 December 2 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P181A.
  • High Latitude / Barium release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 3 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7307.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7308.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 SL1124.
  • UK High Latitude Rocket Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 December 6 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1973 December 6 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P96A.
  • High Latitude / Barium release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 6 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P71A.
  • High Latitude / ELF-VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1973 December 7 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7309.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 11 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 December 12 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7311.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 December 14 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7312.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1973 December 16 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7313.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1974 January 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7401.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1974 January 11 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7402.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 January 14 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7403.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 MSCLO-7404.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313. LV Configuration: Delta 2313 587/D100. FAILURE: Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Skynet 2A - . Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Skynet. Decay Date: 1974-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7096 . COSPAR: 1974-002A. Apogee: 1,803 km (1,120 mi). Perigee: 104 km (64 mi). Inclination: 37.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Summary: Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit..

1974 January 19 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 M4SCL-7401.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7401.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7402.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 January 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7403.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1974 February 4 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1203.
  • XRB / extreme ultraviolet survey X-ray / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1974 March 9 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. LV Configuration: Scout D-1-F S188C.
  • Miranda - . Payload: X-4. Mass: 93 kg (205 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Miranda. USAF Sat Cat: 7213 . COSPAR: 1974-013A. Apogee: 866 km (538 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Summary: Satellite technology. Miranda was launched at 02:22:11.4 GMT on 1974 Mar 9. Interjection point 13.9N, 126.0E. Anticipated life: longer than 50 years. .

1974 April 1 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P174H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1974 April 1 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P178H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 05:24 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P173H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P177H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1207.
  • Ions / Ba / Li / Te Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 April 30 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P72H.
  • Quiet ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1974 June 18 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1104.
  • Cen X-3 timing X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 July 22 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1292.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1974 September 3 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P99H.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 6 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-5.
  • Jabiru II test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1974 September 6 - . 23:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P94H.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1974 September 11 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P90T/C.
  • Mass spectrometer Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1974 September 24 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P50H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 27 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P57H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 28 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P161H.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1974 October 4 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1012.
  • XRCS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1974 October 7 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1309.
  • DLR H-GR-59 (Astro 9) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 October 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2?. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 10. LV Configuration: Skylark 10A SL1471.
  • Programmer test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1. LV Configuration: Scout B-1 S187C.
  • Ariel 5 - . Payload: UK 5. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1980-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 7471 . COSPAR: 1974-077A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. Summary: X-ray observatory. Cosmic X-ray astronomy. Injection point: 2.7S, 58.2E. Anticipated life: 5 years. Time of launch: 07:47:00.25 GMT. Decay also (belatedly) noted in ST/SG/SER.E/216. .

1974 October 31 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1974 November 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 SL1221.
  • UK SL1221 (S107) Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1974 November 20 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3. LV Configuration: Jabiru 3 J-7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1974 November 23 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313. LV Configuration: Delta 2313 591/D105.
  • Skynet 2B - . Payload: Skynet 2A. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Skynet. Completed Operations Date: 1992-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7547 . COSPAR: 1974-094A. Apogee: 35,822 km (22,258 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 12.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min. Military communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 50-55 deg E in 1975-1977; drifting As of 3 September 2001 located at 18.23 deg E drifting at 0.206 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 54.93E drifting at 0.393E degrees per day.

1974 November 28 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL911.
  • Echelle spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P182H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P175H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P179H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1974 December 2 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P91H.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P183H.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P180H.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P176H.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P128H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P86G.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P87G.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P166G.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P167G.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 January 25 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel M P GFD-75001.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1975 January 25 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 M S CLO-75001.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel M P GFD-75002.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 S4CL0-75001.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1975 February 5 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 M S CLO-75002.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P155T/C Electrojet.
  • ISRO-18.12 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P154T/C.
  • ISRO-18.09 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P158T/C.
  • ISRO-18.10 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P137T/C.
  • ISRO-18.11 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 07:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P159T/C.
  • ISRO-18.13 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P156T/C.
  • ISRO-18.15 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P138T/C.
  • ISRO-18.14 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P157T/C.
  • ISRO-18.16 Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 February 25 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1301.
  • X-ray telescope Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1975 February 28 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1293.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1975 March 15 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P70T/C.
  • ISRO-18.17 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1975 March 16 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P184T/C.
  • ISRO-18.18 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1975 March 19 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P185T/C.
  • ISRO-18.19 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1975 March 24 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P160T/C.
  • ISRO-18.20 Fields mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1975 May 3 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P164H.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1975 May 4 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 M S CL -75001.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 M S CL -75002.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel INTA MPGFD-75004.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1975 May 9 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.0.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1975 June 24 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1105.
  • Soft X-ray 1D tel X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1975 July 3 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1295.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 8 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P136H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1975 September 9 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P168H.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1975 September 9 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P153H.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1975 November 24 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1112.
  • Soft X-ray spectrometer X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1975 November 28 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P152H.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1975 November 28 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P151H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1975 December 17 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA S3CL-75001.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CLO-76002.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 INTA MS4CL-76001.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 6 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76001.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1976 January 9 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76002.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 12 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CL0-76003.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1976 January 14 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CLO-76004.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1976 January 20 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CLO-76005.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CLO-76006. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1976 January 21 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 INTA MS4CLO-76002.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76003.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76004.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1976 January 26 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76005.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 28 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CLO-76007.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 January 30 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1302.
  • Quiet Coronal Structure Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76006.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 INTA MS4CLO-76003.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1976 February 8 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA MSCL-76007.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 February 10 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1976 May 6 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P186H.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1976 May 6 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P115H.
  • Faraday rotation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1976 May 12 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1115.
  • X-ray Telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1976 May 27 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 SL1211.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1976 June 4 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P187H.
  • E field / VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1976 June 4 - . 04:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P144H.
  • VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1976 June 10 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1212.
  • XRCS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1976 June 17 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1501.
  • Coded mask telescope X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1976 July 5 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P188H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1976 July 17 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1402.
  • DLR H-GR-77 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1976 November 4 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1306.
  • Large Area PC X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1422.
  • Supra-thermal particles Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 715 km (444 mi).

1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F2.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1976 December 2 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1114.
  • Ultraviolet telescope / echelle Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1425.
  • UK High Latitude Campaign Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F5.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MOP1.
  • Ozone / La / ne Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P195H.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P192H.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P193H.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P194H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P191H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P189H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1977 April 28 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1115A.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1977 June 8 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1298.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 June 27 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P196H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1977 June 27 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P190H.
  • O2 / ne Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1977 July 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 September 12 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK-PA.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 October 13 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1423.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F3.
  • Wind / T Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P207A.
  • Sodium release Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1977 November 8 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK-PB.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1421.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F1.
  • Electrons / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 December 5 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F4.
  • HLC 2B Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P199H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 13:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P203H.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1978 February 2 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P112H.
  • Solar La Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1978 February 6 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P200H.
  • Ultraviolet airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1978 February 6 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P202H.
  • La / ne Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1978 February 7 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P204H.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1978 February 7 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P198H.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1978 February 13 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MOP2.
  • Ozone Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 February 13 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MOP4.
  • Ozone Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 May 12 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1305.
  • Ultraviolet spectrometer Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1978 May 23 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1978 June 28 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TA.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 July 27 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK P-1.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P205K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MPI1.
1978 August 13 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel MPI2.
1978 August 13 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P206K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 September 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.2.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1978 September 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TA.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 10 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 SL1424.
  • VLF waves / TMA Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1978 November 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1296.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1978 November 20 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TA.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK P-2.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 6 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1978 December 13 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1297.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1979 January 25 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P216K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P215K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 February 14 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.4.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1979 February 20 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T?.
  • DASO? - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 March 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1299.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1979 March 28 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P208A.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1979 April 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.5.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1979 April 4 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK P-3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 25 - . 12:24 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P201H.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1979 June 2 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. LV Configuration: Scout D-1 S198C.
  • Ariel 6 - . Payload: UK 6. Mass: 154 kg (339 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1990-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11382 . COSPAR: 1979-047A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Detection of heavy cosmic particles and X-ray astronomy. Launch time 2326 GMT. Also registered by the United States in ST/SG/SER.E/26, with parameters 97.2 min, 601 x 653 km x 55.0 deg, category A. .

1979 July 6 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK C9E.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P211H.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P209H.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P210H.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 1 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK P-5.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P217E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1979 October 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P218E.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1979 November 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK P-6.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 March 21 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK PT-2.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 11 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK PT-1.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 19 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK PT-3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 July 26 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P223K.
  • VLF propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P221K.
  • EBC-C E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-C E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P220K.
  • EBC-B E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-B E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 18 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P222K.
  • EBC-A2 E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC-A2 E7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P219K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1981 October 6 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2310. LV Configuration: Delta 2310 639/D157.
  • Oscar 9 - . Payload: UoSAT 1. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat SSTL. Decay Date: 1989-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 12888 . COSPAR: 1981-100B. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. University of Surrey research microsatellite. Radio science; also carried amateur radio package. Communication and geophysics research satellite. Launch time 1127 GMT. Also registered by the United States in ST/SG/SER.E/59, with category D and orbital parameters 95.3 min, 531 x 533 km x 97.5 deg. UoSAT-OSCAR 9 was launched piggyback with Solar Mesosphere Explorer satellite. Weight 52 kg. Box shaped 740 x 420 x 420 mm. Deployable gravity gradient boom. Firsts: First on-board computer (IHU - Integrated Housekeeping Unit) for battery and attitude management, remote control, and experiments. Built by the University of Surrey in the United Kingdom, UO-9 was UoSAT's first experimental satellite. It was a scientific and educational low-Earth orbit satellite containing many experiments and beacons but no amateur transponders. UO-9 was fully operational until it re-entered October 13, 1989 from a decaying orbit after nine years of service.

1981 December 1 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P224K.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P225K.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1981 December 16 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P226K.
  • LITHIUM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1982 - . LV Family: HOTOL. Launch Vehicle: HOTOL.
  • HOTOL development begun by a Rolls-Royce / British Aerospace team - . Nation: UK. The project was reasonably well advanced (engine detailed design and mockup) by the time the British government withdrew further funding in the mid-1980's. HOTOL would have taken off horizontally, transition to pure rocket propulsion at Mach 5.0 - Mach 6.0. and ascend to orbit. A moderate re-entry profile would decrease the thermal loading constraints. HOTOL would return via a glide landing, to a landing on gear on a conventional runway.

1982 January 30 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 1 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 3 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 February 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P230H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P232H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P227H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P229H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P231H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P228H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1982 March 23 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P234H.
  • ETON Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P235K.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 August 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P214K.
  • CAMP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1983 May 15 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 May 16 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 9 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 June 9 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 March 1 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920. LV Configuration: Delta 3920 D174.
  • Oscar 11 - . Payload: UoSAT 2. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat SSTL. USAF Sat Cat: 14781 . COSPAR: 1984-021B. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. University of Surrey experimental microsatellite. Built in only 6 months, UoSAT-2 carried the first modern digital store and forward (S&F) communications payload and a prototype CCD camera. Also performed magnetospheric studies. Launch time 1759 GMT. Still operational in 2000.

1984 August 16 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3924. LV Configuration: Delta 3924 D175.
  • AMPTE 3 - . Payload: AMPTE-UKS UK Subsatellite. Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AMPTE. Decay Date: 1990-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15201 . COSPAR: 1984-088C. Apogee: 113,417 km (70,473 mi). Perigee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Inclination: 26.9000 deg. Period: 2,659.60 min. Summary: Detected tracer ions released into magnetosphere by IRM. Magnetosphere research satellite. Launch time 1447 GMT. (Document quotes geocentric distances, which have been converted to orbital heights.).

1985 May 19 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 May 20 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1985 June 10 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 25 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK/A3R.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK/A3R.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 1 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK/A3R.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 2 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK/A3R.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 April 16 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 April 18 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 May 10 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1987 May 10 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 December 11 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP V27.
  • Skynet 4B - . Mass: 1,433 kg (3,159 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1988-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 19687 . COSPAR: 1988-109A. Apogee: 35,967 km (22,348 mi). Perigee: 35,933 km (22,327 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 1,444.40 min. British military communications; 1 deg W. Military communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 1 deg W in 1989-1990; 53 deg E in 1990-1998 As of 4 September 2001 located at 60.05 deg E drifting at 2.136 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 126.32E drifting at 2.116W degrees per day.

1989 August 27 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4925-8. LV Configuration: Delta 4925-8 D187.
  • BSB-1A - . Payload: Marco Polo 1. Mass: 1,233 kg (2,718 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: BSB. Program: BSB. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 20193 . COSPAR: 1989-067A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. British DBS; 31 deg W. Direct broadcasting system. Expected operational life, 10 years. Owner/operator: British Satellite Broadcasting Ltd, The Marcopolo Building, Chelsea Bridge, Queenstown Rd, London SW8 4NQ. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 31 deg W in 1989-1993; 5 deg E in 1994-2000; 13 deg W in 2000. As of 31 August 2001 located at 12.98 deg W drifting at 0.008 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 45.02W drifting at 3.908W degrees per day.

1989 November 25 - .
  • British Commercial Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Mace; Sharman. Summary: The group was selected for the Juno commercial British cosmonaut mission..

1990 January 1 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Commercial Titan 3. LV Configuration: Commercial Titan 3 CT-1.
  • Skynet 4A - . Payload: Skynet 4A [PAM-D2] / JCSat 2 [Orbus-7S]. Mass: 1,463 kg (3,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 20401 . COSPAR: 1990-001A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 5.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. British military communications; 6 deg E. Military communications. Expected life approx 7 years. Owner/operator: Ministry of Defence, Main Building, Whitehall, London SW1A 2HB. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 6 deg E in 1990; 29 deg E in 1991; 65 deg E in 1991; 34 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 34.01 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.46W drifting at 4.595W degrees per day.

1990 January 22 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V35.
  • Oscar 15 - . Payload: UoSAT 4. Mass: 48 kg (105 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 20438 . COSPAR: 1990-005C. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 784 km (487 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Technology demonstration mission carrying transponder, solar cell, CCD camera technology experiments. Customer: University of Surrey/European Space Agency. Launched alongside UoSAT-3, the microsatellite operated perfectly for 2 days before a failure occured in the downlink. Owner/operator University of Surrey, Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH. Box shaped 350 x 350 x 650 mm. Four solar panels and 6 m gravity gradient boom.
  • Oscar 14 - . Payload: UoSAT 3. Mass: 46 kg (101 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat SSTL. USAF Sat Cat: 20437 . COSPAR: 1990-005B. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. University of Surrey experimental satellite. The first of Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd's modular microsatellites. Launched on the Ariane ASAP; carried an operational store and forward communications payload with extensive radiation monitoring experiments for SatelLife and Data Trax Inc (USA). Still operational in 2000. Owner/operator University of Surrey, Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH.

1990 August 30 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP V38.
  • Skynet 4C - . Mass: 1,463 kg (3,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 20776 . COSPAR: 1990-079A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 2.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. UK military communications; 1 deg W. United Kingdom military communications satellite. Owner/operator: UK Ministry of Defence. Expected operational life 10 years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 1 deg W in 1990-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 0.97 deg W drifting at 0.002 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 1.27W drifting at 0.000W degrees per day.

1991 - . LV Family: HOTOL. Launch Vehicle: Interim HOTOL.
  • Interim HOTOL designed by British Aerospace - . Nation: UK. Summary: This was a less ambitious, scaled-back version of the original HOTOL. The single-stage to orbit winged launch vehicle using four Russian rocket engines. It was to have been air-launched from a Ukrainian An-225 aircraft..

1991 July 17 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V44.
  • Oscar 22 - . Payload: UoSAT 5. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: TUB. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 21575 . COSPAR: 1991-050B. Apogee: 772 km (479 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Summary: Customer: SateLife. Carried store and forward communications and Earth observation payloads, replacing those lost on UoSAT-4. Still operational in 2000..

1994 May 26 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S28. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 June 17 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP V64.
  • STRV-1B - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 23125 . COSPAR: 1994-034B. Apogee: 31,817 km (19,770 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 557.00 min. Summary: 50 cm cube; Space Technology and Research Vehicle; included solar cell tests..
  • STRV-1A - . Mass: 53 kg (116 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 23126 . COSPAR: 1994-034C. Apogee: 31,321 km (19,461 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 7.4000 deg. Period: 547.70 min. Summary: 50 cm cube; Space Technology and Research Vehicle; included solar cell tests..

1994 June 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S28. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 July 24 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S29. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 August 22 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S29. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 February 7 - .
  • Starchaser LEXX launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches LEXX vehicle..

1997 October 10 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S30. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-5.
  • - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 October 10 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S30. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-6.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 January 4 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 5 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 8 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 8 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 10 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7925-9.5 D252.
  • Skynet 4D - . Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Manufacturer: Martin. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 25134 . COSPAR: 1998-002A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 3.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Geostationary at 52.8 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1998-1999; moving As of 4 September 2001 located at 34.00 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 34.33W drifting at 0.016W degrees per day..

1998 January 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 14 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 16 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS07 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 21 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS09 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 23 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 January 30 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 1 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 4 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 6 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 7 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 9 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 13 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 17 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 17 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 23 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 25 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 February 27 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 March 20 - .
  • Starchaser 3 launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) unsuccessfully launches Starchaser 3 vehicle..

1998 May 15 - .
  • Ascender radio controlled development model. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Summary: Bristol Spaceplanes (Bristol, England, UK) successfully flight tests radio controlled development model..

1999 February 26 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V116.
  • Skynet 4E - . Mass: 1,490 kg (3,280 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Manufacturer: Stevenage. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 25639 . COSPAR: 1999-009B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Skynet 4E was a SHF/UHF military communications satellite for the UK Ministry of Defense. Dry mass was 759 kg; it used a Thiokol Star 30 solid apogee motor. Stationed at 53 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 52.91 deg E drifting at 0.000 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 53.02E drifting at 0.005E degrees per day.

1999 March 1 - .
  • First nonstop balloon flight around world completed in 20 days - . Nation: UK.

1999 March 5 - .
  • Starchaser Tempest launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches TEMPEST vehicle..

1999 April 21 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 6703542509.
  • UoSAT-12 - . Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MiniSat-400. USAF Sat Cat: 25693 . COSPAR: 1999-021A. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 639 km (397 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. First launch of Russia's Dnepr launch vehicle, a converted R-36M2 ICBM. The Dnepr was launched from a silo. The third stage maneuvring bus (used on the ICBM for dispensing multiple warheads) placed UoSAT-12 into a 638 km x 652 km x 64.6 deg orbit. The third stage separated from the payload at 05:13 GMT and then made a burn into a 599 km x 1403 km x 64.6 deg orbit. UoSAT-12 was the first test of the Minibus platform, at 325 kg a larger spacecraft than earlier 50 kg Surrey UoSATs. It carried a mobile radio experiment (MERLION), a GPS receiver, and imaging cameras.

1999 August 20 - .
  • Starchaser 3a launch. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches Starchaser 3a vehicle..

2000 June 28 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SNAP 1 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Surrey. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SNAP. USAF Sat Cat: 26386 . COSPAR: 2000-033C. Apogee: 710 km (441 mi). Perigee: 691 km (429 mi). Inclination: 98.1358 deg. Period: 98.70 min. The SNAP-1 Surrey Nanosatellite Applications Platform was a 6 kg satellite with imager and propulsion. It was to test rendezvous techniques by formation flying with the Tsinghua satellite placed in orbit on the same launch. In October 2000 Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) released a picture of Tsinghua-1 taken in orbit by the SNAP-1 6.5 kg nanosatellite.

2000 September 21 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S31. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-7.
  • 90ss - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 October 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V134.
  • EuropeStar F1 - . Payload: Europe*Star FM1. Mass: 4,167 kg (9,186 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: EuropeSt. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 26590 . COSPAR: 2000-068A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. 100th Ariane 4 launch. Communications satellite, stationed at 45 deg E. Europeon.Star FM1 was a Loral FS-1300 model with a launch mass of 4167 kg and a dry mass of 1717 kg. The satellite had two cruciform solar arrays. The Ariane booster placed it into a geostationary transfer orbit. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 2000. As of 4 September 2001 located at 44.95 deg E drifting at 0.011 deg E per day. As of 2007 Feb 23 located at 44.97E drifting at 0.001W degrees per day.

2000 November 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V135 507.
  • STRV-1d - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Farnborough. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 26611 . COSPAR: 2000-072D. Apogee: 39,282 km (24,408 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 7.1000 deg. Period: 708.30 min. STRV-1c and 1d were small satellites built by the DERA (former Royal Aircraft Establishment), Farnborough, England. Mass was around 95 kg each. STRV-1d carries an NRL Space Test Program experiment (S97-2), a camera, and technology and computer experiments.
  • STRV-1c - . Mass: 4,758 kg (10,489 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: Farnborough. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STRV. USAF Sat Cat: 26610 . COSPAR: 2000-072C. Apogee: 39,789 km (24,723 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 6.3000 deg. The two small STRV cubes were then ejected from the Ariane EPS stage ASAP-5 secondary payload structure at 0141 GMT. STRV-1c and 1d were small satellites built by the DERA (former Royal Aircraft Establishment), Farnborough, England. Mass was around 95 kg each. STRV-1c performed accelerated life testing of new components and materials in the high radiation environment of geosynchronous transfer orbit.

2001 February 7 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V139.
  • Skynet 4F - . Mass: 2,596 kg (5,723 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 26695 . COSPAR: 2001-005B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Skynet 4F was a communications satellite for the UK Ministry of Defense, and the last of the venerable ECS (European Communications Satellite) class of satellites built by Astrium/Stevenage. It carried a Thiokol Star 30 apogee motor and its mass was 1489 kg full, 830 kg dry - a dry mass more than twice the first OTS. The spacecraft carried a total of eight transponders in the SHF-, UHF-, and S-bands to provide secure communications after parking over either 1 deg-E or 6 deg-W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 6 deg E in 2001 As of 5 September 2001 located at 8.77 deg E drifting at 0.284 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 6.01E drifting at 0.004E degrees per day.

2001 May 2 - .
  • Starchaser 5 subscale tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches SHARP 1 vehicle..

2001 July 6 - .
  • Starchaser 5 test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches Discovery vehicle..

2001 November 22 - .
  • Starchaser 5 subscale vehicle test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches 1-man NOVA vehicle unmanned..

2002 April 14 - .
  • Starchaser 5 fairing tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully launches SHARP 4 and SHARP 5 investigating fairing thermal loads..

2002 October 8 - .
  • Starchaser 5 engine tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) tests X PRIZE vehicle hybrid and liquid propulsion systems.

2002 December 16 - .
  • Starchaser 5 pilot training. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) undergoes parafoil pilot training in Florida..

2003 April 3 - .
  • Starchaser 5 capsule unveiled. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) publicly unveiled the Nova mark II capsule in the UK..

2003 April 9 - .
  • Starchaser 5 engine test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully tested a bi-propellant liquid rocket engine. "The liquid oxygen/kerosene powered system generated some 2,200 kilos of thrust for 15 seconds." The tests will continue for increasingly longer periods and will eventually reach "a full 3 tonnes of thrust".

2003 April 10 - .
  • Starchaser 5 capsule shipped to America. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) publicly unveils the Nova mark II capsule in Florida. The parachutes will be fitted in Florida before shipping the capsule over to Arizona for drop tests..

2003 June 10 - .
  • Starchaser 5 engine test. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Summary: Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) successfully tested their bi-propellant liquid rocket engine at 2,800 kilos [6.2 Klbf] of thrust for 15 seconds. .

2003 July 22 - .
  • Starchaser 5 capsule drop tests. - . Nation: UK. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Starchaser 5. Starchaser Industries (Hyde, England, UK) conducted two manned capsule drop tests from a C-123K transport aircraft at an altitude of 14,000 feet over the Red Lake Drop Zone in Kingman, Arizona, in order to practice landing the reusable craft. The main purpose of the tests was to ensure that the parachute, navigation, and landing systems function properly.

2003 September 27 - . 06:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 3M.
  • BNSCSat 1 (DMC-UK) - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: BNSC. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Earth. Type: Disaster monitoring satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27941 . COSPAR: 2003-042C. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.

2003 December 19 - .
  • Beagle 2 Separation From Mars Express, Successful - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: Mars Express.

2003 December 25 - .
2005 October 10 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S28. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (111ss) - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from HMS Vanguard..

2005 October 27 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 104.
  • Topsat - . Payload: Heavily modified Surrey MicroSat-100. Mass: 108 kg (238 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Qinetiq. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 28891 . COSPAR: 2005-043B. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: Delayed from May 18, mid-July, August 25, September 27 and 30, 2005. UK military surveillance research satellite..

2007 March 11 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V175 (535).
  • Skynet 5A - . Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 30794 . COSPAR: 2007-007B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Skynet 5A was launched by Paradigm Secure Communications as part of its turnkey contract to provide a secure communications satellite network to the British military and NATO..

2007 November 14 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V179 (538).
  • Skynet 5B - . Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32294 . COSPAR: 2007-056B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Skynet 5B was designed to provide communications services in the SHF and UHF bands to the UK Ministry of Defence..

2008 March 19 - .
  • Death of Arthur C Clarke - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Clarke. Summary: British writer. Leading science fiction writer, also wrote key books popularizing space travel in 1950's and 1960's. Created concept of geosynchronous communications satellite in 1946. Wrote 2001: A Space Odyssey..

2008 June 12 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5C - . Payload: Eurostr 3000S. Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33055 . COSPAR: 2008-030A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 July 29 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • DMC 2 - . Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Makeyev. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 35683 . COSPAR: 2009-041C. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 625 km (388 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. Summary: DMC International Imaging, Guildford, Surrey, UK..

2010 May 25 - .
  • Death of Peter Hervey Longhurst at Somerset - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Longhurst. Summary: British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England..

2010 November 26 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hylas 1 - . Payload: I-2K Insat-2000. Mass: 2,570 kg (5,660 lb). Nation: UK. Manufacturer: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 37237 . COSPAR: 2010-065A. Apogee: 36,052 km (22,401 mi). Perigee: 35,522 km (22,072 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ka band communications; 2570 kg loaded / 1125 kg unfuelled..

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