Encyclopedia Astronautica
Pakistan



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Tilla
Credit: © Mark Wade
Pakistan

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Associated Spacecraft
  • Badr Pakistani communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1990.07.16 (Badr-A) to 2008.07.07 (Badr B). Pakistani experimental series with a variety of payloads. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Abdali Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile. Indigenous Pakistani design, developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO). More...
  • Abdali Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile. Indigenous Pakistani design, developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO). More...
  • Hatf 1 Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile Developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) based on French Stromboli engine technology. The unguided IA version went into service in 1992; the improved, inertiallty guided IB version in 2001. More...
  • Ghauri Pakistani intermediate range ballistic missile. Derivative of North Korean Nodong. First fired April, 1998. Payload is about 700 kg. Managed by A Q Khan Research Laboratories. More...
  • Shaheen 1 Pakistani mobile single-stage solid propellant intermediate range ballistic missile, a license-assembled Chinese DF-15. First flown in 1999. Entered service 2003. Project managed by Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. More...
  • Ghaznavi Pakistani single-stage solid-propellant tactical ballistic missile, a license-built version of the Chinese DF-11. Flown in October 2003, believed to have entered service in 2004. More...
  • Shaheen 2 Pakistani mobile two-stage solid propellant intermediate range ballistic missile developed by Pakistan, derived from Chinese technology. First flight March 9, 2004. Range extended from 2,500 km to 3,500 km during development. More...
  • Shaheen 3 Pakistani indigenous long-range missile, designed by Pakistani scientists using Chinese technology. Development cancelled in 2000. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Suparco Pakistani manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission, Pakistan. More...
  • SIL Pakistani manufacturer of spacecraft. Pakistan, Pakistan. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sonmiani Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 90 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 423 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Tilla Military testing range, known to have been used for 7 launches from 1998 to 2006, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...

Pakistan Chronology


1962 June 7 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 June 11 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 2.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1964 March 18 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 January 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 19 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 20 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 21 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 22 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 May 3 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 15.
1967 May 5 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-33.
  • Shahpar-1 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi).

1967 May 7 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 16.
1968 March 23 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 March 29 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-34.
  • Shahpar-2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 18.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1969 February 9 - . 13:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 20. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1969 March 31 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B SUP.
  • Rehnuma 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1969 June 20 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1969 July 30 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 August 15 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1969 September 10 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 October 22 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-047/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 November 19 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-048/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 November 20 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-049/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 December 17 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-050/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 December 31 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-051/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-052/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-053/69?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-054/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1970 February 11 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-055/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-056/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-057/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 27 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 March 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 22.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1970 March 28 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-058/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 April 15 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-059/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 April 15 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-060/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1970 June 17 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-062/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 July 15 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-063/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 October 21 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 November 25 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 December 30 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1972 April 7 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 Rehbar 23.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 8 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 Rehbar 24.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B SUP.
  • Shahpar-3 Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1990 July 16 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2E. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2E CZ2E-1 (23).
  • Badr-A - . Payload: Badr 1 + R&D. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Pakistan. Agency: Suparco. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Badr. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 20685 . COSPAR: 1990-059A. Apogee: 988 km (613 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. Summary: First launch of new Chinese launch vehicle. Experimental Pakistani payload..

1998 April 6 - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 May 29 - .
  • Pakistan stages five nuclear tests in response to India's - . Nation: Pakistan.

1999 January 15 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1999 April 14 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri. LV Configuration: Ghauri Ghauri-2/Hatf-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1999 April 15 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 December 10 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2. LV Configuration: Zenit-2 19L (1381573091).
  • Badr B - . Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: Pakistan. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: SIL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Badr. USAF Sat Cat: 27003 . COSPAR: 2001-056C. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. Summary: Badr B was Pakistan's second satellite. Built in collaboration with the English company SIL, it had a mass of 70 kg and carried an Earth imager..

2002 May 25 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri. LV Configuration: Ghauri Ghauri II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 October 4 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 October 8 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 March 9 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Shaheen 2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: Some sources give missile as Shaheen 3..

2004 May 29 - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 June 4 - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 October 12 - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2005 March 19 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Shaheen 2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2006 April 29 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2006 November 16 - . Launch Site: Tilla. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri. LV Configuration: Ghauri Haft-5.
  • Ghauri test launch - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2006 November 29 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1. LV Configuration: Shaheen 1 Haft-4.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2007 February 23 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2007 March 3 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. Launch Vehicle: Abdali.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 January 25 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1. LV Configuration: Shaheen 1 Haft-4.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 April 19 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2. LV Configuration: Shaheen 2 Haft-6.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 April 21 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2. LV Configuration: Shaheen 2 Haft-6.
  • - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 July 7 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Badr 6 - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Badr. USAF Sat Cat: 33154 . COSPAR: 2008-034B. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2011 August 11 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3B.
  • Paksat 1R - . Mass: 5,120 kg (11,280 lb). Nation: Pakistan. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-4. USAF Sat Cat: 37779 . COSPAR: 2011-042A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Communications satellite to replace Paksat 1, the former Palapa C1..

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