Encyclopedia Astronautica
Italy



saltodiq.gif
Salto di Quirra
Credit: © Mark Wade
Italy

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Cristoforetti Cristoforetti, Samantha (1977-) Italian pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on. More...
  • Parmitano Parmitano, Luca Salvo (1976-) Italian pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on. More...
  • Galileo Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian scientist. Used the telescope for astronomy, proving Copernicus heliocentric system. Discovered cratered surface of moon, moons of Jupiter, and that Milky Way was made of stars. By experiment disproved Aristotlean physics concepts. More...
  • Schiaparelli Schiaparelli, Giovanni (1835-1910) Italian astronomer, made observations in the 1860's of Martian canals; believed them to be artificial constructions and indicating intelligent life. Tremendously influenced the public and science fiction writers. Later shown to be an optical i More...
  • Valier Valier, Max (1895-1930) German Austrian engineer and early advocate of the use of rockets for flight. Opel supported Valier's rocket car tests as publicity. Valier died in a careless accident, in his laboratory in Berlin, when working on a rocket combustion chamber. It exploded and a small metal fragment hit his pulmonary artery. More...
  • Broglio Broglio, Luigi (1911-2001) Italian engineer. Leading Italian space engineer. Chairman of the Italian National Committee on Space Research. Conceived and directed the San Marco orbital launch platform off the coast of Kenya, 1964-1988. More...
  • Fubini Fubini, Eugene G (1913-1997) Italian-American physicist. Worked for the US military in a succession of technical and scientific position 1942-1969. More...
  • Collins Collins, Michael 'Mike' (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 10, Apollo 11. First space walk from one spacecraft to another. More...
  • Manno Manno, Vittorio (1938-) Italian Physicist. Vittorio Manno is an Italian physicist who was a senior scientist at ESA's Science Directorate from 1972-1989. From 1989-1995, Manno served as the scientific attaché at the Italian Embassy in Vienna. More...
  • Rossitto Rossitto, Franco (1940-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Batalli-Cosmovici Batalli Cosmovici, Cristiano (1943-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992. More...
  • Batalli-Cosmovici Batalli Cosmovici, Cristiano (1943-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992. More...
  • Malerba Malerba, Franco Egidio (1946-) Italian biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46. First Italian astronaut. ESA; STS-46 Mission TSS-1. More...
  • Lorenzoni Lorenzoni, Andrea (1946-) Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Colonel, Italian Air Force. Payload specialist for the Italian TSS-Project. International Space Station Program manager for Node 2, Italian Space Agency (ASI). More...
  • Santonico Santonico, Stefano (1948-) Italian engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. More...
  • Guidoni Guidoni, Umberto (1954-) Italian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-100. More...
  • Taccino Taccino, Roberto Maria (1955-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. Professor. Selected by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection. More...
  • Nespoli Nespoli, Paolo Alberto (1957-) Italian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-120, ISS EO-26. More...
  • Urbani Urbani, Luca (1957-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1995-1996. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-78 Mission LMS-1. Italian Air Force. More...
  • Ongaro Ongaro, Franco (1958-) Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. More...
  • Cheli Cheli, Maurizio (1959-) Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75. Was married to astronaut Marianne Merchez. More...
  • Vittori Vittori, Roberto (1964-) Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-3, ISS EP-8, STS-134. Italian Air Force. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • Pezzi Suit Italian pressure suit, used 1934-37. The first Italian pressure suit was used between 1934 and 1937 by Italian pilots Pezzi and Negroni to break altitude records with the Caproni 161, 161bis and 113 aircraft. More...
  • Crocco Mars Flyby Italian manned Mars concept. Study 1956. Gaetano Crocco proposed trajectories for a Mars flyby required half the energy, one third the time, and only a single rocket burn, compared to the traditional Hohmann approach. More...
  • San Marco Italian earth atmosphere satellite. 5 launches, 1964.12.15 (San Marco 1) to 1988.03.25 (San Marco D/L). Atmospheric density studies. More...
  • SAS Italian solar satellite. 3 launches, 1970.12.12 (Explorer 42) to 1975.05.07 (Explorer 53). More...
  • Sirio Italian communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1977.08.25 (Sirio 1) and 1982.09.09 (Sirio 2). SIRIO was a spin stabilized geostationary experimental communications satellite with a nominal life of two years. More...
  • Italsat Italian communications satellite. 6 launches, 1991.01.15 (Italsat 1) to 2009-04-20. More...
  • Temisat Italian communications technology satellite. One launch, 1993.08.31. Temisat's primary mission was demonstration of a data relay system. More...
  • TSS Italian tether technology satellite. One launch, 1996.02.22. Test from shuttle of 20 km long tether; satellite unintentionally deployed when tether broke February 25 1996. Re-entered March 19. More...
  • SAX Italian x-ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 1996.04.30, Beppo SAX. Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X; X-ray celestial observatory More...
  • Megsat Italian communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.04.28 (Megsat-0) and 2000.09.26 (MegSat-1). The first private Italian satellites, Megsats were microsatellites designed to transmit scientific and commercial data. More...
  • MITA Italian technology satellite. One launch, 2000.07.15. MITA was an Italian Space Agency experimental microsatellite built by Carlo Gavazzi Space of Milano and carried the NINA particle detector and an experimental attitude control system. More...
  • UniSat Italian technology satellite. 3 launches, 2000.09.26 (UniSat) to 2004.06.29 (Unisat 3). Experimental satellite developed by the GAUSS (Gruppo di Astrodinamica dell' Universita degli Studi 'la Sapienza') in Roma. More...
  • AGILE Italian gamma ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 2007.04.23. The Italian gamma-ray observatory satellite (Astrorivelatore Gamma ad Imagini Leggero) carried the GRID 0. More...
  • Cosmo-SkyMed Italian military surveillance radar satellite. Constellation of four satellites launched 2007.06.08 - 2010.11.06. More...

Associated Engines
  • Iris BPD solid rocket engine. 29.4 kN. Out of production. Isp=291s. Used on CZ-1M launch vehicle. More...
  • P80 Fiat-Avio solid rocket engine. 3040 kN. In production. Isp=279s. Vega's first stage, introduced advanced low-cost technologies that could be reused for future evolutions of Ariane-5 boosters. More...
  • RD-861G Yuzhnoye, Fiat Avio N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 76.453 kN. Vega upper stage. Developed 1996-. Isp=325s. Proposed uprate of RD-861 engine. Thrust vector control by gimbal, roll control by 4 nozzles (thrust 29 N each). More...
  • Zefiro 23 Fiat-Avio solid rocket engine. 1200 kN. In production. Isp=289s. Carbon epoxy filament wound case; low density EPDM insulation; HTPB 1912 composite propellant. Used on Vega launch vehicle. More...
  • Zefiro 9 Fiat-Avio solid rocket engine. 313 kN. In production. Isp=294s. Motor derived from the 16-metric-ton Zefiro 16. Carbon epoxy filament wound case; low density EPDM insulation; HTPB 1912 composite propellant. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Alfa Italy briefly flirted with the creation of an independent nuclear deterrent in the late 1960's. The Alfa project for an indigenous Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile was begun in 1971. Three Alfa test missiles with inert second stages were successfully launched in 1975-1976 from Salto di Quirra in Sardinia. The programme was abandoned at this stage, when Italy and its neighbours ratified the nuclear proliferation treaty. More...
  • Vega Primarily Italian all-solid propellant launch vehicle. After years of furious debate, a $173 million development program began, 52% funded by Italy and 34% by France. As of the first firing of the P80 first stage motor at the end of 2006, first flight had slipped into 2008 from a 2007 original planned date. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CRA Italian agency. Centro Ricerche Aerospaziali, Italy. More...
  • CRS Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Commissione Ricerche Spaziali, Italy. More...
  • CNR Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. CNR, Italy. More...
  • ASI Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Agenzia Spaziale Italiano (Italian space agency), Italy. More...
  • Telespazio Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Telespazio, Italy. More...
  • Alenia Italian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Alenia Spazio, Italy. More...
  • MegSat Italian manufacturer of spacecraft. MegSat, Gruppo Meggiorin, Brescia, Italy. More...
  • La Sapienza Italian manufacturer. Universita degli Studi "la Sapienza", Rome, Italy. More...
  • BPD Italian manufacturer of rocket engines. BPD, Italy. More...
  • GAUSS Italian manufacturer of spacecraft. GAUSS, Italy. More...

Associated Programs
  • Explorer Series of satellites launched by Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the exploration of the space environment (micrometeoroids, charged particles, radiation, etc) from both earth orbital and heliocentric orbital locations. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Comiso US base in the 1980's for 37 BGM-109G ground-launched cruise missiles. The launchers and missiles were withdrawn and destroyed under the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...

Associated Stages
  • Alfa-1 Solid rocket stage. 250.00 kN (56,202 lbf) thrust. Mass 6,500 kg (14,330 lb). More...
  • AVUM N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 650/150 kg. Thrust 2.45 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 315.2 seconds. The AVUM propulsion module was composed of a UDMH/NTO bipropellant main engine with a re-ignition capability and a cold gas attitude control system, based on two clusters of three thrusters, each having a 50 N thrust. More...
  • CZ-1M-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,830/256 kg. Thrust 29.40 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 291 seconds. More...
  • P80 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 95,000/7,000 kg. Thrust 3,040.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 279.5 seconds. Vega's first stage, the P80 solid rocket motor, introduced advanced low-cost technologies that could be reused for future evolutions of Ariane-5 boosters. More...
  • Scout II TV-1 Solid rocket stage. 590.00 kN (132,637 lbf) thrust. Mass 17,300 kg (38,140 lb). More...
  • Zefiro 23 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 26,900/3,000 kg. Thrust 1,200.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 289 seconds. The Zefiro 23 was derived from a 16-tonne solid rocket motor development (Zefiro 16) initiated by Fiat-Avio, now Avio S.p.A., with company funding and contracted by the Italian space agency ASI. More...
  • Zefiro 9 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 11,100/1,000 kg. Thrust 313.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 294 seconds. The Zefiro 9 was derived from a 16-tonne solid rocket motor development (Zefiro 16) initiated by Fiat-Avio, now Avio S.p.A., with company funding and contracted by the Italian space agency ASI. More...

Italy Chronology


1610 January 7 - .
  • Galileo Galilei's Discovery of Jupiter Moons Io, Europa and Callisto - . Nation: Italy.

1610 January 11 - .
  • Galileo Galilei's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Ganymede - . Nation: Italy.

1610 July 30 - .
  • Galileo Observes Saturn's Rings - . Nation: Italy.

1671 October 25 - .
  • Giovanni Cassini's Discovery of Saturn Moon Iapetus - . Nation: Italy.

1672 December 23 - .
  • Giovanni Cassini's Discovery of Saturn Moon Rhea - . Nation: Italy.

1801 January 1 - .
  • Guiseppe Piazzi's Discovery of the First Asteroid (Ceres) - . Nation: Italy.

1895 February 9 - .
  • Birth of Max Valier - . Nation: Germany; Italy. Summary: German Austrian engineer and early advocate of the use of rockets for flight. Opel supported Valier's rocket car tests as publicity. Valier died in a rocket motor explosion in 1931..

1911 November 11 - .
  • Birth of Luigi Broglio - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian engineer. Leading Italian space engineer. Chairman of the Italian National Committee on Space Research. Conceived and directed the San Marco orbital launch platform off the coast of Kenya, 1964-1988..

1913 April 19 - .
  • Birth of Eugene G Fubini - . Nation: Italy; USA. Summary: Italian-American physicist. Worked for the US military in a succession of technical and scientific position 1942-1969..

1930 May 17 - .
  • Death of Max Valier, as the result of a careless accident, in his laboratory in Berlin, when working on a rocket combustion chamber. It exploded and a small metal fr - . Nation: Germany; Italy. Related Persons: Valier. Summary: German Austrian engineer and early advocate of the use of rockets for flight. Opel supported Valier's rocket car tests as publicity. Valier died in a rocket motor explosion in 1931..

1930 October 31 - .
  • Birth of Michael 'Mike' Collins - . Nation: Italy; USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 10, Apollo 11. First space walk from one spacecraft to another..

During 1931 - .
  • Cattaneo rocketplane - . Crew: Cattaneo. Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Cattaneo. Summary: Ettore Cattaneo flies a 280 kg rocket-boosted glider at Milan. It remains in the air for 34 seconds, covering 1 km..

1940 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Franco Rossitto - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1943 June 2 - .
1946 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Andrea Lorenzoni - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Colonel, Italian Air Force. Payload specialist for the Italian TSS-Project. International Space Station Program manager for Node 2, Italian Space Agency (ASI)..

1946 October 10 - .
  • Birth of Franco Egidio Malerba - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46. First Italian astronaut. ESA; STS-46 Mission TSS-1..

1948 January 2 - .
1954 August 18 - .
  • Birth of Umberto Guidoni - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-100..

1955 February 19 - .
  • Birth of Roberto Maria Taccino - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. Professor. Selected by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection..

1957 April 6 - .
1957 May 11 - .
  • Birth of Luca Urbani - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1995-1996. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-78 Mission LMS-1. Italian Air Force..

1958 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Franco Ongaro - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993..

1959 May 4 - .
  • Birth of Maurizio Cheli - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75. Was married to astronaut Marianne Merchez..

1961 January 12 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ISRC-RS-01.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA; NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1961 April 19 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp ISRC-RS-02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 April 20 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp ISRC-RS-03.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1961 April 20 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp ISRC-RS-04.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1961 April 20 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp ISRC-RS-05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1961 April 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-209.
  • CTL - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Jupiter Missile Combat Training Launch 209, the first in a series of 12 CTL firings, was launched from AMR to a prescribed range of 1514 nm. The nose cone impacted .79 nm over and 2.19 nm right of the intended target. All missions were accomplished. The missile followed the intended flight path and performed within the accuracy requirements of the Jupiter system. IAF troops conducted the firing after LOD of MFSC completed the preliminary checkout. The primary mission of the test woe to evaluate the capabilities of launch crews under operational alert conditions.

1961 August 5 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-218.
  • CTL - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). The second Jupiter to be fired under the operational control of NATO troops in the Combat Training Launch program was fired from AMR at 1919 hours and 06 seconds EST to a range of 1,516 nm. The missile was originally scheduled for firing on 3 August but was postponed because of problems with the fuel probe in the fuel start tank and the micro-switch on the fuel pumping lever arm which controls the fuel flow rate. All missions assigned to the missile and to the NATO training launch crew were successfully accomplished.

1961 September 7 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp ISRC-RS-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 September 8 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ISRC-RS-07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 September 8 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ISRC-RS-08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1961 December 6 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-115.
  • CTL - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). The third NATO operational control Combat Training Launch was fired from AMR at 1737 hours and 24 seconds EST to a prescribed range of 1,516 nm. The missile was well constrained to the intended flight path and within accuracy requirements of the Jupiter system. The missile impacted in the target area and all missions assigned to this test were successfully accomplished.

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-111.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 December 11 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ISRC-RS-?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 January 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-106.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1964 March 25 - . Launch Site: San Marco. Launch Complex: San Marco Rita. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 March 30 - . Launch Site: San Marco. Launch Complex: San Marco Rita. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 April 2 - . Launch Site: San Marco. Launch Complex: San Marco Rita. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 April 20 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 20 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 14:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 23 - . 16:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 24 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 24 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 14:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 27 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 28 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 30 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 4 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 May 8 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: Italy. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 October 15 - .
  • Birth of Roberto Vittori - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-3, ISS EP-8. Italian Air Force.

1964 December 15 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4. LV Configuration: Scout X-4 S137R.
  • San Marco 1 - . Mass: 254 kg (559 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1965-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 957 . COSPAR: 1964-084A. Apogee: 842 km (523 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 37.8000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Summary: Atmospheric density studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1967 April 26 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S153C.
  • San Marco 2 - . Payload: San Marco B. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1967-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2761 . COSPAR: 1967-038A. Apogee: 741 km (460 mi). Perigee: 219 km (136 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Summary: Atmospheric density data. Scientific satellite launched from a mobile range off Formosa Bay (Kenya). .

1970 December 12 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S175C.
  • Explorer 42 - . Payload: SAS A. Mass: 143 kg (315 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SAS. Decay Date: 1979-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 4797 . COSPAR: 1970-107A. Apogee: 570 km (350 mi). Perigee: 521 km (323 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1971 - . Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Alfa SLBM project begun. - . Nation: Italy. The project for an indigenous Italian ballistic missile was begunby the Italian Navy. Officially it was called a 'technology program intented to develop high power solid-propellant boosters for civil and military applications'. The resulting missile was to be carried on submarines and major surface combatants.

1971 April 24 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S173C.
  • San Marco 3 - . Payload: San Marco C. Mass: 164 kg (361 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1971-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5176 . COSPAR: 1971-036A. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 3.2000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Summary: Atmospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1971 July 30 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Zenit. LV Configuration: Zenit Zenit-Cuckoo.
  • ESRO Z82/1 - . Nation: Italy. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1972 March 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 14 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 15 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-9 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 001.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: First test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage. Successful 57 second flight..

1973 June 30 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 February 18 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. LV Configuration: Scout D-1-F S190C.
  • San Marco 4 - . Payload: San Marco C2. Mass: 164 kg (361 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1976-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 7154 . COSPAR: 1974-009A. Apogee: 875 km (543 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Summary: Measurement of density, temperature, composition of atmosphere. Launch time 10:05:28.5 GMT. Anticipated life: 3 years. .

1974 Q4 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 002.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Second test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage..

1975 April 4 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 003.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Final test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage. Project cancelled after Italy ratified Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and decided to give up pursuit of an independent nuclear deterrent..

1975 May 2 - . Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Alfa SLBM program cancelled - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Under US pressure Italy had signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty on 2 May 1975. Work on nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles ended..

1975 September 8 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 1?.
  • - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1975 October 23 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 2?.
  • - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 April 6 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 3?.
  • - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 September 27 - .
1977 April 26 - .
1977 August 25 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313. LV Configuration: Delta 2313 615/D133.
  • Sirio 1 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CNR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Sirio. Completed Operations Date: 1989-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 10294 . COSPAR: 1977-080A. Apogee: 35,869 km (22,287 mi). Perigee: 35,755 km (22,217 mi). Inclination: 9.6000 deg. Period: 1,437.40 min. Experimental commsat. SIRIO (Satellite Italiano Ricerca Industriale Orientata). Launch time 2350:00 GMT. Geographical longitude of geostationary orbit 15 deg W. SIRIO is a spin stabilized geostationary experimental communications satellite. Characteristics of satellite: Weight at launch 398 kg, in orbit 218 kg. Configuration - cylindrical, height 1.981m, diameter 1.433 m, nominal life two years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 15 deg W in 1977-1981; over the Atlantic Ocean 25 deg W in 1981-1983; over the Indian Ocean 65 deg E in 1983-1985 As of 4 September 2001 located at 86.65 deg E drifting at 0.265 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 75.38E drifting at 0.003E degrees per day.

1988 March 25 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G. LV Configuration: Scout G-1 S206C.
  • San Marco D/L - . Payload: San Marco 5. Mass: 236 kg (520 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1988-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 19013 . COSPAR: 1988-026A. Apogee: 625 km (388 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: Upper atmosphere studies; US, France, Italy participation. .

1989 May 1 - .
  • Italian Space Agency Astronaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Ongaro; Santonico; Taccino. Summary: Italian astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1991 January 15 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V41.
  • Italsat 1 - . Mass: 1,865 kg (4,111 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 21055 . COSPAR: 1991-003A. Apogee: 35,919 km (22,318 mi). Perigee: 35,817 km (22,255 mi). Inclination: 4.2000 deg. Period: 1,440.20 min. Experimental commsat; 13.2 deg E. ITALSAT is a body stabilized geostationary satellite and it is proposed to provide pre-operational domestic telecommunications services on the 20/30 GHz bands. Geographic longitude 13.2 deg E. Longitudinal tolerance +/- 0.1 deg. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1991-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 144.14 deg E drifting at 1.021 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 86.26E drifting at 1.156W degrees per day.

1992 March 18 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Complex: Salto di Quirra SL. Launch Pad: SL?. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout II TV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1992 October 22 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-52.
  • Lageos 2 - . Payload: Columbia F13 / Lageos 2 [Iris] / CTA. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Lageos. USAF Sat Cat: 22195 . COSPAR: 1992-070B. Apogee: 5,952 km (3,698 mi). Perigee: 5,616 km (3,489 mi). Inclination: 52.7000 deg. Period: 222.50 min. Summary: 60 cm diameter sphere with laser reflectors; deployed from STS-52 10/23/92..

1993 August 31 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Temisat - . Payload: Temisat / S5M. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Telespazio. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Temisat. USAF Sat Cat: 22783 . COSPAR: 1993-055B. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. The Temisat micro-satellite was a piggyback payload designed to collect and re-transmit environmental data from terrestrial sensors and was separated from Meteor-2-21 on the seventh transit of the flight. Temisat was registered by the Telespazio Italian partner in agreement with the Kaiser-Threde Company (Munich). Environmental measurements were acquired through ground sensors, collected, temporarily stored on the ground, and logged by an autonomous terminal until upload request is received from TEMISAT.Characteristics: (a) Mass 42 kg (b) Dimension 35 x 35 x 35 cm, (c) Electric power 62 W Max, (d) Attitude control : 2 magnetic coil, 1 Am**2, (e) On-board memories - 2 of 8.5 Mbytes each, (f) Lifetime 5 years. Drift of the ascending node of orbital plane: 0.8 deg/d westwards. Copassenger of METEOR 2 satellite.

1993 September 26 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V59.
  • ITAMsat - . Payload: Oscar 26. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: AmSat. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 22828 . COSPAR: 1993-061F. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Summary: ITAMsat was built by AMSAT-ITALY. Its mission was to store and forward amateur radio messages..

1996 February 22 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-75.
  • TSS-1 - . Payload: TSS-1R. Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Program: STS. Class: Technology. Type: Tether technology satellite. Spacecraft: TSS. Decay Date: 1996-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 23805 . COSPAR: 1996-012B. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Summary: LEO. Tether deployment test; 20 km long tether; satellite unintentionally deployed when tether broke 2/25/96 Reentered Mar 19..

1996 February 25 - .
  • TSS tether breaks - . Nation: Italy. Spacecraft: TSS. Summary: Test from shuttle of 20 km long tether; satellite unintentionally deployed when tether broke. Re-entered March 19..

1996 April 30 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas I. LV Configuration: Atlas I AC-78 / Centaur I 5058.
  • Beppo SAX - . Payload: BeppoSAX. Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SAX. Decay Date: 2003-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 23857 . COSPAR: 1996-027A. Apogee: 601 km (373 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 4.0000 deg. Period: 96.50 min. Summary: LEO. Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X; X-ray celestial observatory Launch vehicle put payload into low earth orbit with IFR trajectory option. 100th Atlas-Centaur flight..

1996 August 8 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V90.
  • Italsat F2 - . Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 24208 . COSPAR: 1996-044A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1996-1998; 16 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 16.38 deg E drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 94.10W drifting at 1.863E degrees per day..

1997 August 5 - .
  • Death of Eugene G Fubini - . Nation: Italy; USA. Related Persons: Fubini. Summary: Italian-American physicist. Worked for the US military in a succession of technical and scientific position 1942-1969..

1999 April 28 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65036-413.
  • Megsat-0 - . Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: MegSat. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Megsat. Decay Date: 2003-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 25722 . COSPAR: 1999-022B. Apogee: 597 km (370 mi). Perigee: 544 km (338 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Summary: A small technology satellite which carried an experimental high rate data transmission payload..

2000 July 15 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47136-414.
  • MITA - . Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Carlo Gavazzi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MITA. Decay Date: 2001-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 26404 . COSPAR: 2000-039A. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 422 km (262 mi). Inclination: 87.2633 deg. Period: 93.48 min. Summary: MITA was an Italian Space Agency experimental microsatellite built by Carlo Gavazzi Space of Milano and carried the NINA particle detector and an experimental attitude control system..

2000 September 26 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 1.
  • UniSat - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: la Sapienza. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: UniSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26547 . COSPAR: 2000-057C. Apogee: 670 km (416 mi). Perigee: 643 km (399 mi). Inclination: 64.5585 deg. Period: 97.78 min. Experimental satellite developed by the GAUSS (Gruppo di Astrodinamica dell' Universita degli Studi 'la Sapienza') in Roma. Unisat was financed by ASI and MURST (Ministero dell'Universtia e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica). It carried NiMH batteries, a magnetometer, and a payload consisting of a space debris sensor and a camera.
  • MegSat-1 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: MegSat. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MegSat. USAF Sat Cat: 26546 . COSPAR: 2000-057B. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 643 km (399 mi). Inclination: 64.5574 deg. Period: 97.56 min. Summary: Research satellite owned and built by MegSat Space Division, part of the Gruppo Meggiorin companies in Brescia, Italy..

2001 February 7 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V139.
  • Sicral - . Payload: Sicral 1. Mass: 2,596 kg (5,723 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ADI. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26694 . COSPAR: 2001-005A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Sicral, (Sistema Italiana de Communicazione Riservente Allarmi) was a communications satellite for the Italian defense ministry's procurement division, the Segretariato Generale della Difesa's Direzione Nazionale degli Armamenti. Sicral was built by Alenia Aerospazio and derived from the Italsat series. Its mass was 2596 kg full, 1253 kg dry and it carried a liquid apogee engine. The 3.3 kW, 3.4 m x 4.9 m, triaxially-stabilized spacecraft carried a total of nine transponders in the SHF-, UHF-, and EHF-bands to enable secure communications after parking over 16.2 deg-E longitude. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 16 deg E in 2001 As of 26 August 2001 located at 16.27 deg E drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 16.34E drifting at 0.018E degrees per day.

2002 December 20 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 1.
  • UniSat 2 - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: La Sapienza. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: UniSat. USAF Sat Cat: 27608 . COSPAR: 2002-058D. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 636 km (395 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 97.80 min.

2003 April 30 - .
  • Bepposax Satellite Reenters Into Earth's Atmosphere - . Nation: Italy. Spacecraft: SAX.

2004 June 29 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Unisat 3 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: La Sapienza. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: UniSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28373 . COSPAR: 2004-025H. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.80 min.

2007 April 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV. LV Configuration: PSLV-CA PSLV-C8.
  • AGILE - . Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Carlo Gavazzi. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: AGILE. USAF Sat Cat: 31135 . COSPAR: 2007-013A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 2.5000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. The PSLV-C8 launch vehicle flew for the first time in a light configuration with no strap-on motors and a Dual Launch Adapter. The Italian gamma-ray observatory satellite (Astrorivelatore Gamma ad Imagini Leggero) carried the GRID 0.3-200 MeV wide-field gamma ray camera and the Super-AGILE 15-45 keV detector hard X-ray detector.

2007 June 8 - . 02:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D324.
  • Cosmo-SkyMed 1 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Cosmo-SkyMed. USAF Sat Cat: 31598 . COSPAR: 2007-023A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: The first of four Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation, Synthetic Aperture Radar satellites for primarily Italian military surveillance, but with products made available to civilian users as well..

2007 December 9 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-10. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10 D330.
  • Cosmo-SkyMed 2 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Cosmo-SkyMed. USAF Sat Cat: 32376 . COSPAR: 2007-059A. Apogee: 624 km (387 mi). Perigee: 621 km (385 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Second Italian military radar satellite in the Cosmo-Skymed system..

2008 October 25 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-10. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10 s/n D336.
  • COSMO 3 - . Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Cosmo-SkyMed. USAF Sat Cat: 33412 . COSPAR: 2008-054A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Part of Italy's all-weather military surveillance constellation; carried X-band synthetic aperture radar..

2009 April 20 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Sicral 1B - . Payload: Italsat-3000. Mass: 3,038 kg (6,697 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: SeaLaunch. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 34810 . COSPAR: 2009-020A. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Second Italian military communications satellite. Dry mass 1680 kg..

2010 November 6 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-10.
  • Cosmo-SkyMed 4 - . Nation: Italy. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Cosmo-SkyMed. USAF Sat Cat: 37216 . COSPAR: 2010-060A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: X-band radar satellite..

2011 August 17 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4B.
  • EDUSAT - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Italy. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37788 . COSPAR: 2011-044A. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 639 km (397 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Summary: Technology satellite built by the Universita di Roma la Sapienza..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use