Encyclopedia Astronautica
France



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Biscarosse
Credit: © Mark Wade
France

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Pesquet Pesquet, Thomas (1978-) French engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on. More...
  • de Bergerac de Bergerac, Cyrano (1619-1655) French writer. Writer who's works included two novels involving flight to the moon. Most remembered as the subject of an 1897 novel. More...
  • Verne Verne, Jules (1828-1905) French writer, one of the founders of the literary genre of science fiction. He described in his novels the possibility of space flight, technically accurate to the extent possible. More...
  • Esnault-Peltrie Esnault-Pelterie, Robert Albert Charles (1881-1957) French engineer. Pioneering spaceflight theoretician. French rocketry and spaceflight pioneer. A leading advocate of space travel, his speeches and writings created only limited enthusiasm for rocketry in France prior to WW2. More...
  • Hackh Hackh, Rudolf (1900-1950) German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • Bringer Bringer, Karl-Heinz (1908-1999) German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • Pilz Pilz, Wolfgang (1911-1994) German professor. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2; later worked in Egypt 1963-1963. More...
  • Loertsch Loertsch German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA as assistant to Engine Department Head Pilz. More...
  • Haug Haug German engineer, member of the Rocket Team in France after WW2. Secondary school teacher, made responsible for translation and interface with the French engineers of the German rocket technicians working at LRBA in France after WW2. More...
  • Bonnet Bonnet, Roger M (1937-) French astronomer. Built first French space astronomy experiment, launched by Veronique 1967. Director of Stellar and Planetary Lab of CNRS 1969-1983. Director of the ESA Scientif Program, 1983-2001. More...
  • Chretien Chretien, Jean-Loup Jacques Marie (1938-) French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-1, Mir Aragatz, STS-86. First French astronaut. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs. More...
  • Baudry Baudry, Patrick Pierre Roger (1946-) French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist. More...
  • Bornscheuer Bornscheuer German professor, rocket expert in WW2; later worked in France, heading the structures group at LRBA from 1946 to 1950. Returned to teach at the University of Stuttgart. More...
  • Habermann Habermann, Helmut German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • Jauernick Jauernick, Rolf German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • KIar KIar German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the structures group at LRBA from 1946 to 1955. More...
  • Mueller, Otto Mueller, Otto German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • Schubert Schubert German rocket guidance engineer; later worked in France at LRBA as head of the automated control loop department 1946-1952. More...
  • Walther Walther German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the structures group at LRBA from 1946 to 1960. Returned to live in Bremerhaven. More...
  • Weiss Weiss, Helmut German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • Boese Boese German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA as head of the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Bayer, F Bayer, F German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the armature group at LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1985. Remained in Vernon. More...
  • Bernkopf Bernkopf German rocket expert; later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1985. He remained in France, living in Vernon. More...
  • Billig Billig German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1974. More...
  • Buhl Buhl German engineer, member of Rocket Team in France after WW2. Engineer and German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the ballistics group at LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1984. Remained in Vernon, France. More...
  • Bachmann Bachmann German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA as head of the internal instrumentation group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Bodenstein Bodenstein German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the mechanics group in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Buechner Buechner German professor, rocket expert in WW2; later worked in France as head of chemistry group at LRBA from 1947-1953. Then returned to professor post in Germany. More...
  • Dollhopf Dollhopf German engineer, member of Rocket Team in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA as head of the pump / measurements group from 1947 until 1958. Then returned to Sonthofen, Germany. More...
  • Deucker Deucker German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the theoretical group of the target acquisition department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Fabian, Dr Fabian, Dr German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the propellants group from 1947 to 1958. Then returned to Germany. More...
  • Frey Frey German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on amplifiers in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Gross, I Gross, I German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the engine group at LRBA from 1947-1958, then returned to Germany. More...
  • Gardian Gardian German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the test stand group. More...
  • Grater Grater German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the internal instrumentation group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Goertz Goertz German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the ballistics group at LRBA from 1947-1950. Then returned to Germany. More...
  • Hoehne Hoehne German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the accelerometer group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Heine Heine German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on gyroscopes and antennae in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Haas, Martin Haas, Martin German expert in rocket and aircraft equipment during World War II. Later worked in France at LRBA in the drafting group of the target acquisition department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Hittenberger Hittenberger German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 to 1959 in the test stand group. Returned to Germany thereafter. More...
  • Just Just German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on radio beam guidance in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Kauba Kauba German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on amplifiers in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Kraehe Kraehe German rocket technician during World War II; later worked in France as part of the armature group at LRBA 1947-1959; then worked with Saenger in Stuttgart, followed by a return to France and employment with ELDO, and then ESA, in Paris. More...
  • Kohl Kohl German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of armature group at LRBA from 1947. More...
  • Kieffer Kieffer German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as head of the ballistics group at LRBA from 1947 to 1949. Then returned to Germany. More...
  • Kramer Kramer German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the radio beam guidance group in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Laebe Laebe German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Lang Lang German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 to 1950 as leader of the test stand group. Returned to Bremen, Germany thereafter. More...
  • Liesegang Liesegang German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the armature group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1974. More...
  • Lammerhirt Lammerhirt German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Menke Menke German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the pump and metering group at LRBA from 1947-1955. Then emigrated to Brazil. More...
  • Mosch Mosch German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Nettersheim Nettersheim German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 to 1957 in the ground support equipment group. Remained in France thereafter. More...
  • Runge Runge, Ernst German expert in rockets during World War II at Nordhausen. Later worked in France at LRBA as a technician in the mechanics group of the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Schmidt, C Schmidt, C German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the instrumentation group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Stumke Stumke German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the telemetry section of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Schossig Schossig German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on gyroscopes and antennae in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Stoerk Stoerk German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1971. More...
  • Schmoll Schmoll German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA as part of the armature group from 1947-1951 before returning to Germany. More...
  • Strobel Strobel German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA as head of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Seidel Seidel, Joachim German rocket engineer at BMW document center during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Rosenheim, Bavaria. Later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1977. Remained in France, living in Vernon. More...
  • Sohn Sohn German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the engine group at LRBA from 1947-1957, then returned to Germany. More...
  • Schnapper Schnapper German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Schlotzer Schlotzer German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France as head of the armature group for LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1970. More...
  • Schabert Schabert German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the chemistry group from 1947-1950. More...
  • Scheidt Scheidt, Karl German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2. More...
  • Schmidt, W Schmidt, W German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on electronic homing systems in the target tracking department 1947-1952. More...
  • Voigt Voigt German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the ground support equipment group. Returned to Germany thereafter. More...
  • Woytech Woytech German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the optical tracking group of the target tracking department 1947-1952. More...
  • Wueterich Wueterich German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the drafting group of the target acquisition department from 1947-1952. More...
  • Weissenborn Weissenborn German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on gyroscopes and antennae in the automated control loop department 1947-1952. More...
  • Haignere Haignere, Jean-Pierre (1948-) French test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Altair, Mir EO-27. Was married to astronaut Claudie Andre-Deshays. More...
  • Favier Favier, Dr Jean-Jacques (1949-) French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78. More...
  • Tognini Tognini, Michel Ange-Charles (1949-) French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Antares, STS-93. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs. More...
  • Ananoff Ananoff, Alexandre Franco-Russian aerospace and science writer who published the encylopedic L'Astronautique in March 1950. A leading advocate for spaceflight in France and also instrumental in the founding of the International Astronautical Federation. More...
  • Viso Viso, Michel Yves (1951-) French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities. More...
  • Eyharts Eyharts, Leopold (1957-) French test pilot cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Pegase, ISS EO-16-2. More...
  • Andre-Deshays Haignere, Claudie nee Andre-Deshays (1957-) French biologist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Cassiopee, ISS EP-2. Biologist, first French female astronaut. Was married to astronaut Jean-PIerre Haignere. More...
  • Clervoy Clervoy, Jean-Francois Andre (1958-) French engineer cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-84, STS-103. More...
  • Patat Patat, Frederic (1958-) French physician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1998. Degree in Acoustic Physics from the University of Paris (1981). Ph.D. in engineering (1984). Doctorate of medicine, 1991. Worked at the medical faculty of the University of Tours. More...
  • Silve Silve, Benoit M (1958-) French engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Pilot, French Navy Selected for French astronaut team. More...
  • Perrin Perrin, Philippe (1963-) French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-111. Grew up in Avignon, Provence. More...
  • Gasparini Gasparini, Jean-Marc Michel Daniel (1963-) French engineer astronaut, 1990-1998. Graduated from Polytechnic School, 1985 Combat and test pilot, French Air Force. Chief test pilot at Bretigny Flight Test Center . More...
  • Koenig Koenig (-1969) German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the test stand group. Died in 1969. More...
  • Behnke Behnke (-1973) German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the metrology group. Died in 1973. More...
  • Keiner Keiner German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France, first at LRBA as part of the structures group, then at SEP. Died in 1986. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • Spirale Système Préparatoire Infra-Rouge pour l'ALErte - preparatory infrared warning system. French government program to develop a missile early warning system, using infrared satellite imagery to detect ballistic missile launch and trajectory during boost phase. The demonstrator system included two 120 kilogram (260 lb) microsatellites and an alert and monitoring ground segment. More...
  • Garsaux Suit French pressure suit, tested 1935. The first French full pressure suit was designed by Dr Paul Garsaux with the backing of the Potez Airplane Company in 1935. More...
  • Asterix French technology satellite. One launch, 1965.11.26. First French satellite. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in order to test the "Diamant" launching vehicle for the first time. More...
  • FRANCE French earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1965.12.06. Investigated the properties of the ionized layers of the atmosphere by observation of the propagation of very low frequency waves in the ionosphere. More...
  • EFA-30 French pressure suit, operational 1965. French partial pressure capstan suit using full pressure buffet protective helmet. More...
  • D French earth geodetic satellite. 8 launches, 1966.02.17 (Diapason) to 1975.09.27 (Aura). Small French science and technology satellites used on early Diamant launch vehicle tests. More...
  • Diadem French earth geodetic satellite. 2 launches, 1967.02.08 (Diademe 1) and 1967.02.15 (Diademe 2). French geodetic satellites. More...
  • VERAS French manned spaceplane. Study 1968. A Mach 10 spaceplane demonstrator proposed by Nord Aviation in 1968. More...
  • Dial MIKA French technology satellite. One launch, 1970.03.10. Engineering package; monitored launch vehicle performance. More...
  • Peole French communications satellite. One launch, 1970.12.12. Gathered data from meteorological balloon system. More...
  • Eole French earth weather satellite. One launch, 1971.08.12. Experimental weather satellite; received meteorological data from balloon network. More...
  • STV 4 French technology satellite. One launch, 1971.11.05. More...
  • DS-U2-GKA Soviet-French earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1971.12.27 (Oreol) to 1973.12.26 (Oreol 2). Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras. More...
  • SRET French technology satellite. 2 launches, 1972.04.04 (SRET 1) and 1975.06.05 (SRET 2). Test satellite. More...
  • Symphonie French communications technology satellite. One launch, 1974.12.18. Experimental telecommunications satellite, constructed jointly by France and the Federal Republic of Germany. More...
  • Starlette French earth geodetic satellite. One launch, 1975.02.06. Geodesic satellite. More...
  • Spacebus 100 French communications satellite. 12 launches, 1975.08.26 (Symphonie 2) to 1994.01.24 (Eutelsat II F5). 3-axis stabilized using bipropellant thrusters (750 kg propellant - unified with apogee insertion and maneuvering propulsion) and momentum wheels. More...
  • Signe French technology satellite. One launch, 1977.06.17. More...
  • Firewheel French technology satellite. 5 launches, 1980.05.23 (Feuerrad subsatellite 4) to (Feuerrad subsatellite 4). Multiple European technology test satellites launched on the first Ariane. More...
  • SPOT-1-2-3 French earth land resources satellite. 3 launches, 1986.02.22 (SPOT 1) to 1993.09.26 (SPOT 3). SPOT was the French government-sponsored civil earth observation program, with support from Belgium and Sweden. More...
  • Spacebus 300 French communications satellite. 5 launches, 1987.11.21 (TVSAT 1) to 1990.07.24 (TDF 2). 3-axis stabilized using bipropellant thrusters (1220 kg propellant - unified with apogee insertion and maneuvering propulsion) and momentum wheels. More...
  • Eurostar 2000 French communications satellite. 24 launches, 1988.03.11 (Telecom 1C) to 2006.11.08 (Badr 4 ARABSAT 4B). More...
  • Eurostar 1000 French communications satellite. 4 launches, 1990.10.30 (Inmarsat 2 F1) to 1992.04.15 (Inmarsat 2 F4). The Eurostar 1000 platform was the first generation of Matra Marconi Space GEO satellite platforms serving mainly commercial telecoms applications. More...
  • SARA French radio astronomy satellite. One launch, 1991.07.17. Radioastronomy. More...
  • S80/T French communications technology satellite. Study 1992. Experimental communications satellite. More...
  • Hermes French manned spaceplane. Cancelled 1992. The Hermes spaceplane would have provided independent European manned access to space. Hermes was designed to take three astronauts to orbits of up to 800 km altitude on missions of 30 to 90 days in space. More...
  • STELLA French earth geodetic satellite. One launch, 1993.09.26. Laser reflectors. More...
  • Spacebus 2000 French communications satellite. 5 launches, 1994.01.24 (Turksat 1A) to 1997.01.30 (Nahuel 1A). More...
  • Helios 1A-1B French military surveillance satellite. 2 launches, 1995.07.07 (Helios 1A) to 1999.12.03 (Helios 1B). Helios 1A an 1B were advanced French military surveillance satellites which were widely believed to have 1 meter resolution capability. More...
  • SPOT-4 French earth land resources satellite. One launch, 1998.03.24, SPOT 4. SPOT was the French government-sponsored civil earth observation program. A single SPOT satellite provides complete coverage of the Earth every 26 days. More...
  • ARD French re-entry vehicle technology satellite. One launch, 1998.10.21. The ARD was an 80 percent scale model of the Apollo Command Module, and a technology test for a possible International Space Station Crew Rescue Vehicle. More...
  • Jason French earth sea satellite. 2 launches, 2001.12.07 (Jason 1) and 2008.06.20 (Jason 2). Jason was a joint mission between CNES (the French space agency) and NASA/JPL, carrying the same type of sea surface altimeter used on NASA's Topex satellite. More...
  • SPOT-5A-5B French earth land resources satellite. Two launches, 2002.05.04, 2009.12.18. SPOT was the French government sponsored civil Earth observation program. A single SPOT satellite provided complete coverage of the Earth every 26 days. More...
  • Demeter French earth seismology satellite. One launch, 2004.06.29. Demeter studied disturbances of the ionosphere due to seismo electromagnetic effects and human activities (power lines, VLF transmitters, HF broadcasting stations). More...
  • Myriade Micro-satellite product line developed jointly by EADS Astrium and the French Space Agency CNES beginning in 1998. Operational, first launch 2004.12.18. More...
  • Helios 2 French military surveillance satellite. One launch, 2004.12.18. French military surveillance satellite series which began service in 2004. More...
  • Eurostar 3000 French communications satellite bus. Operational, first launch 2005.03.11 (Inmarsat 4-F1). Third generation of Matra Marconi Space GEO satellite platforms serving mainly commercial telecommunications applications. More...
  • Corot French visible astronomy satellite. One launch, 2006.12.27. More...
  • Ares French spaceplane. Study 1998. Small 7-meter long delta wing spaceplane, proposed by Aerospatiale, weighing 2,000 kg. Launched 2009.10.28, More...

Associated Engines
  • Atar 9K SNECMA turbojet engine. 48 kN. Out of Production. Isp=2020s. More...
  • HM-10 SEP, Ottobrunn lox/lh2 rocket engine. 61.8 kN. Developed 1990's. Engine for potential Ariane 5 upper stage. Isp=443s. More...
  • HM7-B SEP, Ottobrunn lox/lh2 rocket engine. 70 kN. Isp=447s. Increased performance version of the HM-7 engine for the Ariane 2 and 3. Combustion chamber pressure raised from 30 to 35 bar and nozzle extended. First flight 1984. More...
  • HM7-A SEP, Ottobrunn lox/lh2 rocket engine. 61.7 kN. Development begun 1973. Out of production. Isp=443s. Used on Ariane 1 launch vehicle. First flight 1979. More...
  • Mage 1 SEP solid rocket engine. 19.4 kN. Out of production. Orbital circularization motor. Isp=295s. First flight 1979. More...
  • Mage 2 SEP solid rocket engine. 45.5 kN. Orbital circularization motor for Advanced Scout, Ariane 2/3. Isp=293s. First flight 1984. More...
  • Mammouth French solid rocket engine. 190 kN. 1900 kg 'Plastolite' propellant. Empty mass estimated. Originally developed as the booster for the SSBT missile. Isp=180s. Used on Agate launch vehicle. First flight 1961. More...
  • Melanie SEPR solid rocket engine. 11.1 kN. Out of production. 22 kg propellant. Empty mass estimated. Isp=227s. Used on Berenice launch vehicle. First flight 1962. More...
  • P230 SNPE solid rocket engine. 6472.3 kN. In production. Isp=286s. Used on Ariane 5 launch vehicle. First flight 1996. More...
  • P241 SEP solid rocket engine. 6470 kN. In development. Isp=275s. First flight 2002. More...
  • P4 SNPE solid rocket engine. 176.5 kN. Out of Production. Isp=273s. Used on Diamant B launch vehicle. First flight 1970. More...
  • P6 SNPE solid rocket engine for Diamant launcher. 29.4 kN. Out of production. Isp=211s. First flight 1965. More...
  • P9.5 SNPE solid rocket engine. 690 kN. Isp=263s. Strap-on booster engine for Ariane 42P, Ariane 44LP, Ariane 44P. First flight 1988. More...
  • SEPR 740 SEPR solid rocket engine. 91.7 kN. Out of production. Isp=230s. Used on Berenice, Titus. First flight 1962. More...
  • SEPR 43 SEPR rocket engine. 1250 kN. R.04 SAM. First flight 1950. More...
  • SEPR 16 SEPR rocket engine. 200 kN. AA.10 AAM. First flight 1950. More...
  • SEPR 25 SEPR rocket engine. 4500 kN. Trident/Espadon fighter augmentation. More...
  • SEPR 2 SEPR rocket engine. 1250 kN. SE 4100 SAM. Used turbopumps SEPR 3 and SEPR 4. First flight 1950. More...
  • Soleil French solid rocket engine. 120 kN. 1500 kg Isolane propellant. Used on Topaze launch vehicle. First flight 1962. More...
  • Soleil NA803 Nord solid rocket engine. 147 kN. 2200 kg Isolane propellant. Stretched version of the NA802. Used on Topaze launch vehicle. First flight 1964. More...
  • SPB 7.35 SNPE solid rocket engine. 690 kN. Isp=263s. Strap-on booster for Advanced Scout, Ariane 2/3. First flight 1984. More...
  • SPW-2000 SNECMA, Pratt and Whitney lox/lh2 rocket engine. 230.4 kN. Design 2000. New upper-stage cryogenic engine for the upgraded Ariane-5, the Atlas-5, and other new vehicles. More...
  • Stromboli SEPR solid rocket engine. 143 kN. Out of production. Isp=235s. Used on Berenice, Tacite, Titus. First flight 1962. More...
  • Topaze SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 120.1 kN. Out of production. Isp=255s. Used on Diamant launch vehicle. First flight 1965. More...
  • Tramontane SEPR solid rocket engine. 50 kN. Out of production. Isp=220s. Used on Berenice launch vehicle. First flight 1962. More...
  • Vesta LRBA Nitic acid/Turpentine rocket engine. 140 kN. More...
  • Vexin A SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 68.6 kN. Isp=277s. Used on Europa launch vehicle. First flight 1964. More...
  • Vexin B SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 75.4 kN. Out of production. Isp=251s. Used on Diamant launch vehicle. First flight 1965. More...
  • Vexin C SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 99.1 kN. Out of production. Isp=251s. Used on Diamant B launch vehicle. First flight 1970. More...
  • Viking 4B SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 805 kN. Isp=296s. Used on Ariane 4. First flight 1984. More...
  • Viking 4 SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 721 kN. Isp=296s. Used on Ariane 1, GSLV, PSLV. First flight 1979. More...
  • Viking 2B SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 720 kN. Isp=278s. Used on Ariane 2/3. First flight 1984. More...
  • Viking 5C SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 752 kN. Isp=278s. Used on Ariane 42L, Ariane 44L, Ariane 44LP. First flight 1988. More...
  • Viking 2 SEP N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 693 kN. In production. Isp=281s. Used on Ariane 1, GSLV space launchers. First flight 1979. More...
  • Vinci Snecma, Ottobrunn lox/lh2 rocket engine. 180 kN. Upper Stages. In development. Isp=467s. Advanced expander cycle cryogenic propellant rocket engine with the capability of five in-space restarts. First hot-fire tests 2005. First flight 2010. More...
  • Vulcain SEP, Ottobrunn lox/lh2 rocket engine. 1075 kN. In production. Isp=431s. Powered the cryogenic core stage of Ariane 5. First flight 1996. More...
  • Vulcain 2 SEP, Ottobrunn lox/lh2 rocket engine. 1350 kN. In development. Isp=434s. New generator cycle rocket engine for an Ariane 5 core stage upgrade. Thrust increased more than 30% from Vulcain 1. First flight 2002. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Jules Verne Moon Gun French gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. Jules Verne's moon gun, as described in his 1865 novel From the Earth to the Moon, was located in Florida. Although some errors were made, Verne used real engineering analysis to arrive at the design of his cannon and manned moon projectile. As a result, at the time of Apollo 8 and 11 missions it was noted that Verne had made an astonishing number of correct predictions about the actual missions.... More...
  • EA 1941 First French liquid fuel rocket. Developed in the 1931-1942, tested in 1945. More...
  • Super V-2 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Developed version of German A9 studied by the German team in France in 1946-1948. Cancelled as too ambitious, but led to the Veronique of the 1950's, the Diamant of the 1960's, and the Ariane space booster of 1979-2003. More...
  • Veronique R French sounding test vehicle. 'Veronique Reduce' - test vehicle for the full-size Veronique, with the burn time of the engine limted to 6.5 sec instead of the nominal 32 sec. Tested in France at the Suippes range in 1950 and 1951, then at Cardonnet in early 1952. More...
  • Veronique After the cancellation of the 'Super V-2' project, the German team at Vernon pursued development of a tenth-scale version, the Project 4213 Veronique (VERnon et electrONIQUE). The 4 tonne thrust motor, using nitric acid and kerosene, beat the 'pure French' project 4211 Eole design and paved the way leading to the Ariane space booster. More...
  • Belier II French sounding rocket. Improved Belier single stage vehicle, loaded with 'Plastolite' propellant with a 205 second specific impulse. More...
  • R.04 French post-war surface-to-air missile based on the German Wasserfall. More...
  • Veronique N French sounding rocket. 'Veronique Normal ' - Full-scale version of the original Veronique design. More...
  • Veronique NA French sounding rocket. Lengthened version of the Veronique N, allowing the vehicle to reach the more scientifically-interesting altitude of 135 km. It also used a modified injector for the engine to improve combustion stability. More...
  • SE.4300 French post-war surface-to-air missile based on the German Rheintochter. More...
  • SE.4350 French post-war surface-to-air missile based on the German Enzian. More...
  • SE.4100 French post-war surface-to-air missile based on the German Hs.117. More...
  • Veronique P2 French sounding test vehicle. Test vehicle, powered by two powder rockets, to test the Veronique's unique wire guidance system. More...
  • Veronique P6 French sounding test vehicle. Test vehicle, powered by six powder rockets, to test the Veronique's unique wire guidance system. More...
  • Eole French test vehicle. Second missile developed by Jean-Jacques Barre and end of that lineage. More...
  • Monica French low-cost, three-stage, solid-propellant sounding rocket developed in France in the 1950's in support of the International Geophysical Year. More...
  • SE.4400 French surface-to-air missile. SNCASE missile design using a Stromboli booster and two ramjet sustainers. More...
  • Daniel French test vehicle. Three stage test vehicle for Israel's Jericho consisting of 1 x SPRAN-50 + 1 x MD-620 + 1 x Melanie More...
  • Antares French test vehicle. Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere. More...
  • VE Series of Experimental Vehicles (VE's), each named after precious stones, leading to the MSBS/SSBS solid propellant missiles that made up the French nuclear deterrent. More...
  • Aigle VE10 The Aigle's simple mission was to allow test of the telemetry equipment that would be used on later instrumented warheads. The first version of the Aigle was a simple fin-stabilised solid rocket propelled by a Stromboli SEPR 737 loaded with 984 kg of 'Plastolite' propellant. More...
  • Meteo French sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle. More...
  • VE9 First test rocket in the series leading to French IRBM's. The VE 9 instrumented warhead was boosted twice in 1960 and 1961 by a SEPR 732, motor, 55 cm in diameter. his had been developed as the booster for the SE.4400 Surface-to-Air Missile and was the most powerful French solid propellant motor available at that time. More...
  • Vega SAM French surface-to-air missile, tested at Hammaguir in early 1961 but not put into production. More...
  • Belier I French sounding rocket. Basic Belier single stage vehicle, powered with a Jericho rocket motor loaded with 208 kg of 'Epictete' solid propellant with a specific impulse of 190 seconds. More...
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...
  • Centaure French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier I II, or III single stage sounding rocket was augmented by a Venus booster with 94 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Agate The Agate was the first of the 'precious stone' series of French rockets leading to the Diamant satellite launcher. The single-stage vehicle used the NA801 Mammouth solid propellant rocket developed originally for the SSBT program. The purpose of the fin-stabilised unguided rocket was to test the recoverable instrument pod planned for later missile tests. The Agate R / VE110RR version was used to develop recovery procedures at sea. More...
  • Berenice French sounding rocket. Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...
  • Dragon 1 French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier upper stage was augmented by a Stromboli booster with 686 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Topaze VE111 Topaze was the first guided rocket in the French 'precious stones' series. As such it was the first launched from a pad rather than a ramp. The initial model was the VE111C (short) with the NA802 motor. More...
  • Emma French test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Emma Booster + 1 x Emma More...
  • Aigle VE10A The VE10A used an improved, lightened version of the Stromboli booster. More...
  • Topaze VE111L French test vehicle. The VE111L (long) used the stretched NA803 motor. The VE111L was successfully demonstrated the thrust vectoring concept over a longer burn period. The last two flights were VE111LG configuration, equipped with all-up inertial navigation systems. More...
  • Berenice Satmos French orbital launch vehicle. In April 1963, ONERA proposed using a modified Berenice suborbtial test vehicle to place a small 3.5 kg satellite ('Satmos') into a 250 x 1800 km orbit. They claimed this booster could be ready in 1964, one year before Diamant. However the given the marginal growth potential of such a design, the government decided to stick with Diamant. More...
  • CNES Shuttle 1963 French studies in the 1960's were supervised by the French Space Agency, CNES, and developed along two paths. Path 1 was a manned hypersonic booster stage, with upper stages coming in manned or unmanned variants according to the mission. Path 2 was more conservative, with either the Path 1 booster or an expendable booster launching a small re-entry vehicle - a 'Space Taxi'. More...
  • Lex French sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle. More...
  • Veronique 61 French sounding rocket. Development of an improved version of Veronique, with a 50% increase in thrust, began in 1961. The much larger vehicle could reach 315 km with the standard Veronique 60 kg payload. More...
  • Diamant French orbital launch vehicle. In December 1961 France decided to demonstrate an indigenous satellite-launch capability, using stages in development for its ballistic missile program. Following careful evolutionary development, Diamant was successful on its first attempt in 1965. Improved versions were flown over the next ten years. More...
  • Rubis French orbital launch vehicle. Two-stage test vehicle consisting of 1 x Agate + 1 x P064. It was designed to test the upper stage and payload elements of the Diamant orbital launcher. These included fairing jettison, spin-up, release, and ignition of the P064 final stage. Six launches were used to validate the design and led to the success of the Diamant on its first flight. The last four launches were made on behalf of CNES to validate payloads for the D1 satellite and carry scientific instruments for the Paris Observatory and Max Planck Institute. More...
  • Emeraude VE121 French orbital launch vehicle. Emeraude was a step toward larger liquid propellant launch vehicles, building on the Veronique and Vesta experience. It burned 12.8 tonnes nitric acid/turpentine pressure-fed propellants in 91 seconds. Tthe engine was gimbaled for pitch and yaw control, with aerodynamic fins controlling roll. In anticipation of the next step, Saphir, a dummy Topaze stage topped the vehicle to confirm aerodynamic characteristics. The first three launches were failures due to propellant sloshing. This was remedied in the later tests. More...
  • Belenos French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Aurore More...
  • Belia French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Elan + 1 x Belisama More...
  • Tacite French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket using a single Stromboli SEPR 739-2 stage with 'Plastoline' propellant. Stabilisation was by four fins and a nitrogen cold-gas spin thrusters. More...
  • Saphir French orbital launch vehicle. Saphir was the penultimate step in the 'precious stones' series. The variants of the two-stage vehicle were designed to allow testing of radio-controlled guidance (VE231P), inertial guidance (VE231G), and warhead separation and re-entry of an ablative RV (VE231R). Addition of a third stage would transform Saphir into the Diamant satellite launcher. More...
  • Vesta French sounding rocket. In the late 1950's LRBA studied several possible configurations for a 'Super Veronique' sounding rocket, with engines of 80 to 250 kN to carry a payload of 100 kg up to 600 km altitude. In 1962 CNES ordered the Vesta configuration. Static tests in 1964 led to a modest series of launches in 1965-1969. More...
  • Veronique AGI French sounding rocket. The Veronique AGI was the rocket originally intended for the International Geophysical Year order. It followed the configuration of the Veronique NA, but had a lower empty weight, a simplified engine using single wall cooling, and used turpentine fuel instead of kerosene. This increased the specific impulse, decreased combustion instabilities, and allowed the version to reach 210 km altitude. More...
  • Diamant A French orbital launch vehicle. Diamant development could be done relatively quickly using stages and systems being developed for strategic missiles. In May 1962 CNES selected DMA as program manager, with SEREB as the prime contractor. The Diamant orbital launch vehicle was created by replacing the payload of the existing Saphir test vehicle with a new third stage. Prior to any all-up satellite launch attempt the P064 third stage was flight tested on the smaller suborbital Rubis test vehicle. This evolutionary approach paid off. More...
  • Pegase French sounding rocket. 2 stage vehicle with larger booster and Belier upper stage. Evidently not flown. More...
  • MSBS French intermediate range ballistic missile. More...
  • Veronique 61M French sounding rocket. Lengthened version of Veronique 61 capable of carrying an increased payload of 100 kg. More...
  • Titus French sounding rocket. Sounding rocket derived from the first two stages of the Berenice test vehicle. The two stage vehicle consisted of 4 x SEPR P167 stabilisation rockets around a Stromboli 739 first stage, topped by a stretched Stromboli SEPR 740-3 second stage with four fins. The launches were made from Chaco in collaboration with the Argentinian agency CNIE. More...
  • Stromboli French sounding rocket. The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only. More...
  • Dauphin French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket consisting of a single Stromboli motor. More...
  • Epona French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Belisama + 1 x Belisama More...
  • Dragon 2B French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Stromboli + 1 x Belier II More...
  • Belier III French sounding rocket. Improved Belier single stage vehicle, using a Vega motor loaded with 230.5 kg of 'Isolane' propellant with a specific impulse of 240 seconds. More...
  • Dragon 3 French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Stromboli + 1 x Belier III More...
  • Eridan French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket consisting of two Stromboli motors in tandem. More...
  • Grannos French test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Emilie + 1 x Melusine More...
  • Diamant B French orbital launch vehicle. As a follow-on to the Diamant-A, CNES decided to evolve a more capable launch vehicle. The Diamant-B used a new first stage with 50% more propellants and 33% more thrust; the same second stage; and a fatter third stage. Six Diamant-B boosters were ordered. Originally four of these were to be used to test the Europa 2 launch vehicle's Perigee-Apogee System. These tests were cancelled and instead CNES used five of the six boosters for orbital attempts. More...
  • MSBS M1 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 901 + 1 x Rita I More...
  • Tibere French test vehicle. Tibere was an atmospheric re-entry test vehicle derived from the earlier Berenice. Development was authorized in 1965 to support the Electre re-entry experiment program. The first two stages were Stromboli motors of identical length. The third stage was the P.064 motor developed for the Diamant orbital launcher. More...
  • MSBS M2 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 904 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • SSBS S2 French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle. More...
  • Diamant BP.4 French orbital launch vehicle. In January 1972 a further evolution, the Diamant BP.4, was authorized. The second stage was replaced with the P4 Rita motor developed for the MSBS SLBM. The larger 1.38 m diameter fairing developed for the British Black Arrow launcher allowed larger payloads to be accommodated. Three launches of the BP.4 in 1975 completed the Diamant saga. More...
  • SSBS S3 French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 902 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • Ariane French orbital launch vehicle. First successful European commercial launch vehicle, developed from L3S Europa launch vehicle replacement design. Development of the Ariane 1 was authorised in July 1973, took eight years, and cost 2 billion 1986 Euros. More...
  • Ariane 1 French orbital launch vehicle. First version of the Ariane launch vehicle. More...
  • Ariane 2/3 French orbital launch vehicle. Improved version of the Ariane 1. It featured increased thrust first and second stage engines, a 25% stretched third stage, 4 seconds specific impulse improvement in the third stage, a larger internal payload fairing volume, and introduced the Sylda payload carrier for dual payloads. The Ariane 3 version added two solid rocket motor strap-ons. Development was authorised in July 1980 and had a total cost of 144 million 1986 Euros. More...
  • MSBS M4 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Submarine launched; MRV. Operational. 3 stage vehicle. More...
  • Ariane 4 French orbital launch vehicle. The ultimate Ariane development. Compared with the Ariane 2/3, the Ariane 4 featured stretched first (61%) and third stages, a strengthened structure, new propulsion bay layouts, new avionics, and the Spelda dual-payload carrier. The basic 40 version used no strap-on motors, while the Ariane 42L, 44L, 42P, 44P, and 44LP versions used varous combinations of solid and liquid propellant strap-on motors). Development was authorised in January 1982, with the objective of increasing payload by 90%. Total development cost 476 million 1986 ECU's. More...
  • Ariane 3 French orbital launch vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 2 x PAP solid rocket boosters + Ariane 2 core. More...
  • Ariane 2 French orbital launch vehicle. Basic three stage vehicle without solid rocket motor strap-ons. Payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit was 2,175 kg. More...
  • STS-2000 TSTO Two stage to orbit horizontal takeoff / horizontal landing variant of STS-2000. Ramjet/rocket mixed power first stage. Mach 6 separation of rocket-powered second stage. French study of the 1980's. More...
  • STS-2000 SSTO French winged orbital launch vehicle. Single stage to orbit ramjet/rocket mix power horizontal takeoff / horizontal landing study of the 1980's. More...
  • Ariane 44LP French orbital launch vehicle. Ariane 4 with 2 liquid rocket + 2 solid rocket strap-ons. More...
  • Hades French short range ballistic missile. Single stage vehicle More...
  • Ariane 44L French orbital launch vehicle. Ariane 4 with 4 liquid rocket strap-ons. More...
  • Ariane 40 French orbital launch vehicle. 3 stage core vehicle with original Ariane H10 upper stage. A fully fueled Ariane core cannot lift off the ground without strap-on liquid or solid motors. When Ariane 4 is launched in this configuration, the propellant tanks of the first and second stages are not completely filled. More...
  • Ariane 42P French orbital launch vehicle. Ariane 4 with 2 solid rocket strap-ons. More...
  • Aerospatiale VTVL French SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. Aerospatiale vertical takeoff, vertical landing single stage to orbit study. More...
  • Oriflamme French design for a scramjet-powered horizontal takeoff / horizontal landing, single stage to orbit vehicle. More...
  • Radiance French winged orbital launch vehicle. Two stage to orbit horizontal takeoff / horizontal landing vehicle. Booster would be powered by scramjets to Mach 12 separation before second stage separated. More...
  • STAR-H French winged orbital launch vehicle. Mach 6 hypersonic first stage would launch Hermes spaceplane with an expendable second stage. More...
  • TARANIS French study of vertical takeoff / horizontal landing, two stage to orbit launch vehicle with expendable orbiter fuel tanks. More...
  • Ariane 44P French orbital launch vehicle. Ariane 4 with 4 solid rocket strap-ons. More...
  • Ariane 40-3 French orbital launch vehicle. 3 stage core vehicle with Ariane Ariane H10-3 upper stage. More...
  • Ariane 42L French orbital launch vehicle. Ariane 4 with 2 liquid rocket strap-ons. More...
  • ADLER French orbital launch vehicle. Ariane-5 derived semi-reusable proposal of 1993. Expendable fuel tanks but recoverable propulsion/avionics module. More...
  • Ariane 42L-3 French orbital launch vehicle. As Ariane 42L but with Ariane H10-3 upper stage. More...
  • Ariane 42P-3 French orbital launch vehicle. As Ariane 42P but with Ariane H10-3 upper stage. More...
  • MSBS M45 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Improved M-4. More...
  • Ariane 44P-3 French orbital launch vehicle. As Ariane 44P but with Ariane H10-3 upper stage. More...
  • Ariane 5G French orbital launch vehicle. Initial version of the Ariane 5, a bit too large for the main commercial geosynchronous communications satellite payloads. More...
  • Ariane 5 French orbital launch vehicle. The Ariane 5 was a completely new design, unrelated to the earlier Ariane 1 to 4. It consisted of a single-engine Lox/LH2 core stage flanked by two solid rocket boosters. Preparatory work began in 1984. Full scale development began in 1988 and cost $ 8 billion. The design was sized for the Hermes manned spaceplane, later cancelled. This resulted in the booster being a bit too large for the main commercial payload, geosynchronous communications satellites. As a result, development of an uprated version capable of launching two such satellites at a time was funded in 2000. More...
  • Ariane 5 RRL French orbital launch vehicle. Partially reusable concept of 1993 using Ariane 5 core with flyback booster stages with Russian engines (RD-120 or RD-701). More...
  • Ariane 5 VTVL French orbital launch vehicle. Partially reusable concept of 1995 using Ariane 5 core with vertical takeoff, vertical landing boosters. More...
  • Ariane 5 FLS French orbital launch vehicle. Partially reusable concept of 1988 using Ariane 5 core with twin reusable flyback boosters. More...
  • Ariane 5 EC-B French orbital launch vehicle. The ultimate evolved Ariane 5 funded as of the end of the millenium. A larger Lox/LH2 upper stage using the Vinci motor in place of the HM7B. The core remains the same. Result is an increase in GTO payload from 10.5 tonnes to 12.0 tonnes. More...
  • Ariane 5 V French orbital launch vehicle. Version of the evolved Ariane 5 using a version of the EPS storable propellant stage instead of a new Lox/LH2 stage. Result is a payload to GTO of 8 tonnes. The use of the new Aestus restartable engine in the upper stage fitted the vehicle for space station logistics missions or launch of space probes requiring complex orbital maneouvres. More...
  • Polypheme French tactical ballistic missile. Operational and technical evaluation 1998-2002. More...
  • Themis French winged orbital launch vehicle. Themis was a planned ESA booster stage demonstrator, to validate integrated propellant tank technology necessary for a reusable Ariane 5 successor. The demonstrator engine would be derived from the Vulcain of the Ariane 5. Estimated cost was up to 2.5 billion dollars. THEMIS would carry 33 tonnes of propellant, enough to reach Mach 11. Expendable boosters might permit orbital flight. More...
  • Ariane 2010 French orbital launch vehicle. Projected version of Ariane 5 with improvements in engine and materials. More...
  • EXTV French winged orbital launch vehicle. This was to be a reusable winged rocket-powered atmospheric reentry demonstrator capable of reaching speeds of Mach 4 to 10 in the atmosphere. The aim was for ESA to build up experience in reuse operations and high-speed atmospheric flight in the 2003-2007 period. The demonstrator would weigh two tonnes and have a range of 1500 kilometers. It would be able to land on a conventional runway. Dassault and Aerospatiale Matra were to merge their VEHRA and ARES projects to produce a single design. Ares estimated cost was 550 million dollars. More...
  • Vehra French air-launched rocketplane. Dassault design for an air-launched experimental reusable launch vehicle. It would be launched from Novespace's Airbus 300 zero-G aircraft. The lifting-body design was loosely based on Dassault's work on the NASA-led X-38 Crew Rescue Vehicle program. VEHRA weighed 6.5 t tonnes and carried 19.5 tonnes of kerosene and oxygen propellant. One Russian 400.5 kN-thrust NK-39 engine would power the vehicle, which would be capable of reaching Mach 14. The 11.5 meter long vehicle also contained a small 1.5 x 1.5 x 5 meter payload bay for an expendable upper stage+250 kg satellite. Like THEMIS, VEHRA would explore hypersonic flight and the operational and cost aspects of reusability. More...
  • Ariane 44LP-3 French orbital launch vehicle. As Ariane 44LP but with Ariane H10-3 upper stage. More...
  • Ariane 44L-3 French orbital launch vehicle. As Ariane 44L but with Ariane H10-3 upper stage. More...
  • Ariane 5ECA French orbital launch vehicle, first version of the evolved Ariane 5. The solid booster motors propellant load was increased by 2.43 tonnes and the case was welded, for a weight saving in dry mass of 1.9 tonnes. The core was powered by an improved Vulcain 2 engine. The oxygen-rich cycle of the engine allowed the oxygen bulkhead to be moved within the stage, resulting in a 15.2 tonne increase in propellant in the core. A new Lox/LH2 upper stage, using the HM7B engine and oxygen tank from the Ariane 4 series, replaced the storable propellant EPS stage of earlier models. The result was an increase in payload to geoscynchronous transfer orbit from 6 tonnes to 10.5 tonnes. More...
  • ASMP French cruise missile. Tactical nuclear. ASMP-A is improved version expected to enter service in 2008. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CASDN French agency. Comité d'Action Scientifique de Défense Nationale, France. More...
  • ATEF French agency overseeing development of rocket engines. ATEF, France. More...
  • ONERA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales, France. More...
  • CNET French agency. Centre de R&D de France Télécom, France. More...
  • CNES French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Paris, France. More...
  • Dassault French manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Dassault Aircraft, France. More...
  • DMA French agency. Délégation Ministérielle pour l'Armement, France. More...
  • DGA French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Delegation Generale de l'Armament, France. More...
  • ACF French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Aero Club de France, Paris, France. More...
  • Cannes French manufacturer of spacecraft. Cannes, France. More...
  • CFTH-HB French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. CFTH-HB, France. More...
  • EADS French manufacturer of rockets. EADS, France. More...
  • LRBA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. LRBA, France. More...
  • Nord French manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Nord Aviation, France. More...
  • Potex French manufacturer of spacecraft. Potex, France. More...
  • SEPR French manufacturer of rocket engines. Société Européene de Propulsion, France. More...
  • SEREB French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SEREB, France. More...
  • SNECMA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SNECMA, France. More...
  • SNPE French manufacturer of rocket engines. Societe Nationale des Poudres et Explosifs, France. More...
  • Sud French manufacturer of rocket engines. Sud Aviation, France. More...

Associated Programs
  • Aureole Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras. More...
  • Eutelsat EUTELSAT regional geostationary telecommunication satellite for European countries. Operated by the EUTELSAT organization. More...
  • Intercosmos International cooperative satellites with a variety of missions, launched by Soviet boosters. More...
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • Oscar Amateur radio satellite network. For over a third of a century a series of OSCAR satellites have been launched in a variety of configurations and by many nations. More...
  • SPOT Systeme Probatoire pour l'Observation de la Terre - French remote sensing satellite network. More...
  • TDF French direct broadcasting communications satellite network More...
  • WorldSpace The WorldSpace project, led by Ethiopian-born Noah Samara, was intended to empower the developing world by providing improved access to information. Its three satellites, Afristar, Asiastar, and Ameristar, were to broadcast digital radio to less developed countries. Small hand-held radios could pick up the 24 to 96 radio channels available on the three L-band beams broadcast by each satellite. On-board processing allows variable bit rates to provide audio quality ranging from monophonic to CD digital. Broadcasters would send their programs to the satellite with a small X-band ground station. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Camp de Suippes Test rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches from 1950 to 1951, reaching up to 2 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Vernon Test rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1951. More...
  • Le Cardonnet Test rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches in 1952, reaching up to 1 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kerguelen Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 186 launches from 1963 to 1981, reaching up to 416 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...
  • Bay of Biscay Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 4 launches from 1983 to 2005, reaching up to 800 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Ariane 4-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 245,900/17,900 kg. Thrust 3,034.10 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 278 seconds. More...
  • Ariane H155 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 170,800/12,700 kg. Thrust 1,114.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 430 seconds. Chamber pressure 108 bar; expansion ratio 45.0; propellant mix ratio 5.3. More...
  • Ariane 5-0 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 277,500/39,800 kg. Thrust 6,470.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 275 seconds. Solid rocket booster for Ariane 5. Nozzle expansion ratio increased from 9.7 to 11.0 after 1997. Chamber pressure 61.3 bar. HTPB propellant. More...
  • Ariane 5 EPC Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 186,000/12,700 kg. Thrust 1,114.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 434 seconds. 15.2 tonnes increased propellant by moving liquid oxygen bulkhead. More...
  • Ariane 4L N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 43,772/4,493 kg. Thrust 752.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 278 seconds. More...
  • Ariane 3-0 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 9,663/2,313 kg. Thrust 689.99 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 263 seconds. More...
  • Ariane 2-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 37,130/3,625 kg. Thrust 805.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 296 seconds. More...
  • Ariane 2-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 160,030/13,750 kg. Thrust 2,880.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 281 seconds. More...
  • Ariane 1-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 37,130/3,625 kg. Thrust 720.97 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 296 seconds. More...
  • Ariane 1-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 160,030/13,750 kg. Thrust 2,771.94 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 281 seconds. More...
  • Ariane 5 EAP Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 278,330/38,200 kg. Thrust 6,470.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 275 seconds. Increased propellant loading (+2.43 tonnes), lighter welded case (-1.6 tonnes) compared to earlier versions. More...
  • Berenice-1 Solid rocket stage. 170.00 kN (38,218 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,900 kg (4,189 lb). More...
  • Berenice-2 Solid rocket stage. 91.70 kN (20,615 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,050 kg (2,315 lb). More...
  • Berenice-3 Solid rocket stage. 50.00 kN (11,240 lbf) thrust. Mass 280 kg (617 lb). More...
  • Diamant B-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 21,500/3,500 kg. Thrust 396.52 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 251 seconds. More...
  • Diamant B-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 800/120 kg. Thrust 50.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 211 seconds. More...
  • Diamant BP-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 4,500/1,000 kg. Thrust 176.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 273 seconds. More...
  • Diamant-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 14,685/1,946 kg. Thrust 301.55 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 251 seconds. More...
  • Diamant-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 2,815/540 kg. Thrust 120.08 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 255 seconds. More...
  • Diamant-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 703/68 kg. Thrust 29.40 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 211 seconds. More...
  • Dragon-2 Solid rocket stage. 20.00 kN (4,496 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • Emma-0 Solid rocket stage. 14.80 kN (3,327 lbf) thrust. Mass 20 kg (44 lb). More...
  • Emma-1 Solid rocket stage. 1.40 kN (315 lbf) thrust. Mass 50 kg (110 lb). More...
  • Epona-1 Solid rocket stage. 24.00 kN (5,395 lbf) thrust. Mass 30 kg (66 lb). More...
  • Europa-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 11,894/2,099 kg. Thrust 274.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 277 seconds. More...
  • Lex-1 Solid rocket stage. 10.00 kN (2,248 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • Mage 1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 369/34 kg. Thrust 19.40 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 295 seconds. More...
  • Mage 2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 530/40 kg. Thrust 45.48 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 293 seconds. More...
  • Melanie Solid rocket stage. 38.00 kN (8,543 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • Mirage 4A Mach 2 rocket launch aircraft. Loaded/empty mass 26,213/14,494 kg. Thrust 96.05 kN. Specific impulse 2020 seconds. Dassault Bomber-delta wing. Maximum release conditions: Belly mounted, 7,256 kg at 2,345 kph at 20,000 m altitude More...
  • MSBS M4-3 Solid rocket stage. 100.00 kN (22,481 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,500 kg (3,307 lb). More...
  • MSBS M51-3 Solid rocket stage. 100.00 kN (22,481 lbf) thrust. Mass 5,000 kg (11,023 lb). More...
  • MSBS M51-1 Solid rocket stage. 900.00 kN (202,328 lbf) thrust. Mass 30,000 kg (66,139 lb). More...
  • MSBS M4-2 Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 8,800 kg (19,401 lb). More...
  • MSBS M4-1 Solid rocket stage. 900.00 kN (202,328 lbf) thrust. Mass 22,500 kg (49,604 lb). More...
  • MSBS M2-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 6,000 kg. Thrust 320.00 kN. More...
  • MSBS M2-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. Thrust 450.00 kN. More...
  • MSBS M112-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. Thrust 440.00 kN. More...
  • MSBS M51-2 Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 10,000 kg (22,046 lb). More...
  • P9.5 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 12,560/3,060 kg. Thrust 689.99 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 263 seconds. More...
  • Rubis Solid rocket stage. 190.00 kN (42,714 lbf) thrust. Mass 2,000 kg (4,409 lb). More...
  • SE4400-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 1,500 kg. Thrust 200.00 kN. More...
  • SSBS S01-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. Thrust 440.00 kN. More...
  • SSBS S3-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 16,000 kg. Thrust 540.00 kN. More...
  • Stromboli Solid rocket stage. 75.00 kN (16,861 lbf) thrust. Mass 900 kg (1,984 lb). More...
  • Tibere-2 Solid rocket stage. 170.00 kN (38,218 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,700 kg (3,748 lb). More...
  • Titus-2 Solid rocket stage. 170.00 kN (38,218 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,100 kg (2,425 lb). More...
  • Veronique 61M Nitric acid/Turpentine propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 2,000 kg. Thrust 60.00 kN. More...
  • Veronique AGI Nitric acid/Turpentine rocket stage. 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb). More...
  • Veronique 61 Nitric acid/Turpentine propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 1,900 kg. Thrust 60.00 kN. More...
  • Veronique Nitric acid/Turpentine rocket stage. 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb). More...
  • Vesta-1 Nitric acid/Turpentine rocket stage. 140.00 kN (31,473 lbf) thrust. Mass 5,000 kg (11,023 lb). More...

France Chronology


1670 June 20 - .
  • Nova 1670 Vulpeculae - . Nation: France.

1815 October 3 - .
  • Chassigny Meteorite Fall (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: France.

1865 - . Launch Vehicle: Jules Verne Moon Gun.
  • Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon - . Nation: France. This was a seminal work that inspired most of the original rocket pioneers. Verne used real engineering analysis to arrive at the design of his cannon and manned moon projectible. As a result, at the time of the Apollo 8 and 11 missions it was noted that Verne had made a number of correct predictions about the actual missions....

1900 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Rudolf Hackh - . Nation: France; Germany. Summary: German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1908 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Karl-Heinz Bringer - . Nation: France; Germany. Summary: German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1927 June 8 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie lecture - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie; Barre. Robert Esnault-Pelterie delivers a groundbreaking lecture on space travel at the Societe Astronomique in Paris. It would be published in book form a year later. One audience member is Jean-Claude Barre, a military engineer who is inspired to begin development of rockets in France.

1928 February 1 - .
  • International Astronautics Prize - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie. Robert Esnault-Peltrie and banker Andre Hirsch establish an International Astronautics Prize of 5000 Francs to be awarded annually for the best scientific, theoretical or experimental work in rocketry and space travel. The prize is discontinued after its value is wiped out in the financial crisis of the early 1930's.

During 1930 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie publishes L'Astronautique - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie. Summary: This will be the standard work on rocketry and interplanetary flight in French for twenty years..

1931 September 25 - .
  • Initial French rocket experiments - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie; Barre. Robert Esnault-Pelterie and Jean-Claude Barre begins experiments iwth liquid propellant rocket engines under funding from the Department of War. Only three weeks later Esnault-Pelterie loses the fingers of his left hand in an explosion in the laboratory. Nevertheless he and Barre persevere.

1937 December 23 - .
  • Birth of Roger M Bonnet - . Nation: France. Summary: French astronomer. Built first French space astronomy experiment, launched by Veronique 1967. Director of Stellar and Planetary Lab of CNRS 1969-1983. Director of the ESA Scientif Program, 1983-2001..

1938 August 20 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Loup Jacques Marie Chretien - . Nation: France. Summary: French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-1, Mir Aragatz, STS-86. First French astronaut. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs..

1941 January 15 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • Barre repot - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Barre completed a comprehensive report on the military potential of rocketry. He sketeched out ballistic missiles with 1000 km range, powered by liquid oxygen/gasoline engines. Armor-piercing rockets could reach 2000 m/s and defeat any tank armor. Anti-aircraft rockets would intercept aircraft in half the time. Rocket-boosted bombs would destroy enemey emplacements. Air-augmented rockets could reach even higher range and efficiencies.

1941 June 23 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 development authorised. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Barre's report worked its way through the wartime bureaucracy, finally reaching the Minister of State for War in Vichy France. It is immediately classived top secret, and Barre is given 300,000 francs to start development of a liquid propellant rocket. In order to keep the work from the notice of the occupying Germans, it is officially for development of automotive gas generators.

1941 November 15 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: Barre conducts his first engine test of his EA-1941 surface-to-air rocket at Lazarc. The engine runs for 42 seconds before exploding..

1942 March 17 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. The engine runs for 5 seconds before exploding, producing a thrust of 719 kgf. A second test the following day produces 650 kgf for only four seconds before exploding. Thermal transfer from the engine to the missile structure is found to be the cause, and changes are made.

1942 September 24 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 engine run. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The EA-1941 finally runs at 655 kgf for 11 seconds in a full-duration run. Barre feels the missile is ready for flight test, but this will have to be done in Algeria..

1942 November 8 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 program suspended - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. A third of the test material for the Algerian flight tests had been unloaded in Oran, and the team and the rest of the material were ready to embark at Marseilles. Then news comes of the Allied landings in North Africa. The flight tests were immediately called off, and the team hid all materials in Algeria and France. At the end of 1942, the Germans occupy Vichy France and all further work on the project is supended.

1943 October 1 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 design smuggled to London - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: Barre microfilmed the drawings of the rocket and they are smuggled to Britain. Members of Barre's team are detained by the Gestapo. One of them ironically dies in a concentration camp where the inmates are assigned to V-2 rocket production..

1944 September 3 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941.
  • EA 1941 program resumes. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: After the liberation of Paris, Barre is immediately put to work on the EA-1941. All of the hidden materials are returned to Lyons and it is decided to conduct test launches from Toulon..

1945 March 15 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Exploded after 5 seconds..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Launched from Toulon, France. Intended to take a 25 kg payload to 100 km altitude, the rocket instead veered off course and crashed after 5 seconds of flight..

1945 March 16 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Exploded on pad..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Launched from Toulon, France. The rocket exploded on the launch pad, destroying it..

1945 July 6 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Veered off, impacted 10 km from the launch pad..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: Launched from Toulon, France. The rocket left the launch pad at low acceleration, veered off, and crashes at sea 10 km from the pad..

1945 July 6 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Accelerated at a high rate and exploded after 1.2 seconds flight..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Launched from Toulon, France. The rocket took off at high acceleration, exploding after 1.2 seconds..

1945 July 6 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Engine cut-off after 7.5 seconds instead of 13 seconds planned..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Launched from Toulon, France. Most successful launch attempt. Not recovered, but estimated to have reached 1400 m/s and to have impacted in the ocean 60 km downrange..

1945 July 18 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Failed to generate sufficient thrust for lift-off..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Launched from Toulon, France..

1945 July 18 - . Launch Vehicle: EA 1941. FAILURE: Failed to generate sufficient thrust for lift-off..
  • EA 1941 - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Launched from Toulon, France. The pad was damaged, requiring substantial repairs. The source of the rocket's problem is finally found to be burn-through and loss of a portion of the inner wall of the combustion chamber, which blocked the nozzle exit. Ironically the last EA-1941 is ground run for full duration in the summer of 1946 without incident. However plans to develop it further as a sounding rocket are abandoned.

1946 March 6 - .
  • Birth of Patrick Pierre Roger Baudry - . Nation: Cameroon; France. Summary: French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist..

1946 October 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • EA 1946 development authorised - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The improved version of the EA 1941 is dubbed Eole and will use a fuel-cooled combustion chamber walls..

1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira.
  • Colomb Bechar rocket test range established. - . Nation: France. Summary: French Government established rocket test range at Colomb Bechar, Algeria..

1948 May 19 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Pierre Haignere - . Nation: France. Summary: French test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Altair, Mir EO-27. Was married to astronaut Claudie Andre-Deshays..

1949 February 4 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine bench tests begin - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The engine runs for 13.5 seconds, 4.5 seconds early, due to heavier-than-expected liquid oxygen consumption..

1949 April 13 - .
1949 September 30 - .
  • Birth of Michel Ange-Charles Tognini - . Nation: France. Summary: French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Antares, STS-93. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs..

1950 January 6 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine explodes - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The engine begins oscillatory combustion at 20 seconds and explodes violently at 34 seconds. The explosion is visible 40 km from the LRBA test site at Vernon..

1950 August 2 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1950 August 4 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1950 September 12 - .
  • Death of Rudolf Hackh - . Nation: France; Germany. Related Persons: Hackh. Summary: German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1951 April 1 - . Launch Site: Vernon. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P2. LV Configuration: Veronique P2 P2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1951 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Michel Yves Viso - . Nation: France. Summary: French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities..

1951 September 25 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole successful engine test - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The liquid oxygen/alcohol engine produces 9.59 tonnes thrust and an exhaust velocity of 2110 m/s..

1951 October 2 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1951 October 5 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1951 October 6 - . Launch Site: Camp de Suippes. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1952 January 25 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P6. LV Configuration: Veronique P6 P6-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 26 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P6. LV Configuration: Veronique P6 P6-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 30 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 May 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1952 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1952 September 30 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole program terminated - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The Veronique developed by the LRBA German team has been more successful and the French military sees no use for rockets using liquid oxygen on the battlefield..

1952 November 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1952 November 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1952 November 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Eole. FAILURE: Failed after seven seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Weeks of delays due to problems with getting liquid oxygen to the remote test site have delayed Barre's entry in the fly-off against the Veronique. The first Eole broke up after 7 seconds of flight, a failure attributed to tracer flares fitted to the fins.

1952 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Eole. FAILURE: Failed after 25 seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 2.95 km (1.83 mi). Summary: The tracers used on the last flight were omitted. This rocket again loses its fins, but continued to an altitude of 2.95 km. It is determined that the fins were not able to withstand going through the sound barrier..

1953 April 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 April 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1954 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1954 February 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1954 May 7 - .
  • Dien Bien Phu, French military outpost in Vietnam, falls to Vietminh army - . Nation: France.

1954 October 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA13. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1954 October 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1955 February 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 1 to Mar 7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 April 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 2 to Apr 19 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 June 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 3 to Jun 11 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1955 October 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 4 to Oct 11 Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 January 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira CB. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 5 to Feb 2 Test / release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 May 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1956 May 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I. LV Configuration: Monica I I.
  • Campaign 6 to jun 13 test - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 January 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 April 28 - .
  • Birth of Leopold Eyharts - . Nation: France. Summary: French test pilot cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Pegase, ISS EO-16-2..

1957 May 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 May 13 - .
  • Birth of Claudie nee Andre-Deshays Haignere - . Nation: France. Summary: French biologist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Cassiopee, ISS EP-2. Biologist, first French female astronaut. Was married to astronaut Jean-PIerre Haignere..

1957 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F77. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 May 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1957 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F78.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 6 - .
  • Death of Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Peltrie - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie. Summary: French engineer. Pioneering spaceflight theoretician. French rocketry and spaceflight pioneer. A leading advocate of space travel, his speeches and writings created only limited enthusiasm for rocketry in France prior to WW2..

1957 December 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F79.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F80.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F81.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1957 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F84.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F75.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F85.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 April 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F83. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 June 24 - .
  • Birth of Frederic Patat - . Nation: France. Summary: French physician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1998. Degree in Acoustic Physics from the University of Paris (1981). Ph.D. in engineering (1984). Doctorate of medicine, 1991. Worked at the medical faculty of the University of Tours..

1958 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Benoit M Silve - . Nation: France. Summary: French engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Pilot, French Navy Selected for French astronaut team..

1958 November 19 - .
1959 January 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F86. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 January 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F87.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 January 27 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 01.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1959 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 March 10 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI17.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1959 March 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI16.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1959 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 001.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F88.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F76.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 002.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 December 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 February 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI23. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI22.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1960 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI21.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F89.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 005.
  • Date may be 19 May - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F90.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI20.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI19.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1960 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 26 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Vega SAM. Launch Vehicle: Vega Statoreacteur.
  • Ramjet - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1961 February 11 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI27.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1961 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI28. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 15 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI29.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI24.
  • Life Science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi). Summary: French Veronique launched capsule containing rat (Hector) to 152 km altitude, recovered successfully..

1961 March 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F91.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 012.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F92.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1961 March 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 013.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1961 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B05.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C03.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B06.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 June 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 June 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI31.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 October 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 03.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 October 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 02.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 March 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 May 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI39.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C15.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C18.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI38.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 4 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI42. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C19.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C16.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI43.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 001.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 002.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 October 15 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI37.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI36.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1962 October 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI32.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Summary: Diffuse solar radiation mission..

1962 October 29 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI34.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B45.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 27 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C30.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C32.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C29.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 December 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD MD-01/5 (105). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD MD-01/6 (106). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 December 8 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C28.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 9 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C31.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 January 6 - .
1963 January 22 - .
  • Birth of Jean-Marc Michel Daniel Gasparini - . Nation: France. Summary: French engineer astronaut, 1990-1998. Graduated from Polytechnic School, 1985 Combat and test pilot, French Air Force. Chief test pilot at Bretigny Flight Test Center ..

1963 February 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1963 April 20 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI35.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1963 April 23 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI49.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 April 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1963 May 1 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI45.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 May 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B01.
  • Radioactivity Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI48.
  • Coronagraph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: No recovery. Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 15 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C42.
  • MPE Ba-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C45.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 May 21 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C43.
  • MPE Ba-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD MD-01/8 (108).
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 25 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C35.
  • Sodium cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1963 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Meteo-MD. LV Configuration: Meteo-MD Meteo M1A 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C39.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C36.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C54.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C55.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C53.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI33. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 June 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1963 June 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 005.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B73.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 October 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 04.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 October 18 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI47.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI50. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1963 October 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-05.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 November 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 December 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L L1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 February 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C13.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 February 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C44.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C56.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C40.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 14 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C38.
  • MPE Ba-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 15 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C34.
  • MPE Ba-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L L2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-09.
  • FU-104B Probe / Na Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-06.
  • FU-104B Probe / Na Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 425 km (264 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI51.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Summary: FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 April 20 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Agate. LV Configuration: Agate R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 April 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LEX-01 test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 May 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C33.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C46.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C22.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C23.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 June 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci1.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA75.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R1.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 12 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R2.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA76.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 June 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. LV Configuration: Aurore 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: MNF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-10.
  • FU-125 ionosphere / particles Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1964 August 7 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-11.
  • FU-125 ionosphere / particles Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C63.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 October 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 October 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci2.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 November 4 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C78.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1964 November 4 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI53.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C64.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C47.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C72.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C69.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C67.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C80.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C66.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C71.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C79.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 November 8 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI52.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrum / CU point Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). Summary: FU111 UV Solar Astronomy / Ptr mission..

1964 November 10 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B69.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 November 27 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C75/EXP-9.
  • MPE Ba-9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 November 30 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/EXP-10.
  • MPE Ba-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 December 3 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-16.
  • FU-103B MPE Ba-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi).

1964 December 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci3.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 December 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 Ci4.
  • MSBS test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: MSBS stability recovery test.

1964 December 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI56.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 February 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 March 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C85.
  • SINTRA pointing Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA79.
  • FU-144 Lyra alpha Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). Summary: FU144 Atomic H (Ly-alpha) mission..

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R5.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02/3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02/2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02/1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1965 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R6.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R7.
  • Rubis 01/D-1 Test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,020 km (1,250 mi). Summary: Carried a D-1 satellite test experiment, a magnetosphere sensor, and a Meudon radioastronomy experiment with a 36m dipole observing at 1.8 and 2.4 MHz.

1965 June 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite TACITE 01.
  • Infrared Horizon Study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1965 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C106.
  • Cs Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C50.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C65.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C95.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C61.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C74.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C83.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C86.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C84.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 July 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 July 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 August 24 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-17.
  • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1965 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-18.
  • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 451 km (280 mi).

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R8.
  • Rubis 02 Radio astronomy / particles mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,760 km (1,090 mi).

1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 001.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 October 22 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/V54.
  • FU-115 Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU115 Electron density mission..

1965 October 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2601.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 October 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 002.
  • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 October 28 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/V55.
  • FU-115 electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU115 Electron density mission..

1965 November 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2602.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C119.
  • MPE Ba-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 November 19 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C120.
  • MPE Ba-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-8.
  • MPE Ba-16? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi).

1965 November 26 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 1.
  • Asterix 1 - . Payload: A 1. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Asterix. USAF Sat Cat: 1778 . COSPAR: 1965-096A. Apogee: 1,697 km (1,054 mi). Perigee: 527 km (327 mi). Inclination: 34.3000 deg. Period: 107.50 min. Summary: First French satellite. French scientific satellite 'A-I'. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in rder to test the 'Diamant' launching vehicle for the first time..

1965 December 6 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4. LV Configuration: Scout X-4 S139R.
  • FRANCE 1 - . Payload: FR 1. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: FRANCE. USAF Sat Cat: 1814 . COSPAR: 1965-101A. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 696 km (432 mi). Inclination: 75.9000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. VLF wave propagation studies. Investigation of the properties of the ionized layers of the atmosphere by observation of the propagation of the properties of very low frequency waves in the ionosphere. First registered by the United States in A/AC.105/INF.125. Orbit given there was 99 .9 min, 749 x 753 km x 75.9 deg, with note: France provided the payload for 1965-101A.

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C131.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C94.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C128.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C130.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 012.
  • Titus test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C127.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-21.
  • FU-133 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 February 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2603.
  • Silo 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 2.
  • Diapason - . Payload: D-1A. Mass: 19 kg (41 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: D. USAF Sat Cat: 2016 . COSPAR: 1966-013A. Apogee: 2,484 km (1,543 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 34.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Summary: Scientific satellite 'D-I' launched from Hammaguir (Algeria)..

1966 March 3 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C77.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 March 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G2.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA80.
  • FU-155 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R2.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 4 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA78.
  • FU-145 ACS test / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: FU145 Technology (Attitude control) mission..

1966 April 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 6 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI/57.
  • FU-126 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: FU126 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1966 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R9.
  • Rubis 03 / MPE Ba-17 Plasma / ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,035 km (1,264 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-12.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy / chemical / lyra-alpha spectrometry mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1966 May 12 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-13.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-14.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 May 26 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-20.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Essai 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-23.
  • FU-153 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1966 June 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2604.
  • Silo 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 13 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C68.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-15.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-22.
  • FU-131 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C70.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R4.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 October 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA77.
  • FU-145 ionosphere Magnetosphere / ionosphere / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). Summary: FU145 Technology + Ionosphere / Stab mission..

1966 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C140.
  • FU-109 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 17 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-28.
  • FU-165 Ions / Electric Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1966 October 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G4.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2605.
  • Silo 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus. LV Configuration: Titus 001.
  • FU-150 A Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus. LV Configuration: Titus 002.
  • FU-150 B Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C105.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C139.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 18 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA82.
  • FU-158 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Summary: FU158 Technology (recovery) mission..

1966 November 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Cora. LV Configuration: Cora G1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 December 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 59.
  • FU-149 ionosphere / mass spectrometer Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). Summary: FU149 Ion Density, mass spectrometry mission..

1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 R6.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 December 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Cora. LV Configuration: Cora G2.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi). Summary: Only completely successful test..

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO Test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 4 RSO test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 January 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA84.
  • FU-161 Astronomy X-ray astronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Summary: FU161 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 January 13 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 63.
  • FU-160 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi). Summary: FU160 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1967 January 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA85.
  • FU-145B astronomy Test / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi). Summary: FU145b X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 January 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G5.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 25 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-24.
  • FU-145B ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1967 January 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G6.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-25.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1967 January 29 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-26.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1967 January 29 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-27.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1967 February 8 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 3. FAILURE: Partial Failure - injected into too low an orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Diademe 1 - . Payload: Diademe D-1C. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Diadem. USAF Sat Cat: 2674 . COSPAR: 1967-011A. Apogee: 1,084 km (673 mi). Perigee: 545 km (338 mi). Inclination: 40.0000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Summary: Orbit too low. Launch time of Diadem I was 10:39:40 on 8 Feb 1967. Launch time of Diadem II was 11:06:57 on 15 Feb 1967..

1967 February 15 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A. LV Configuration: Diamant A No. 4.
  • Diademe 2 - . Payload: Diademe D-1D. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Diadem. USAF Sat Cat: 2680 . COSPAR: 1967-014A. Apogee: 1,733 km (1,076 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 39.4000 deg. Period: 108.50 min. Summary: Launch time of Diadem I was 10:39:40 on 8 Feb 1967. Launch time of Diadem II was 11:06:57 on 15 Feb 1967. .

1967 February 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA81.
  • FU-176 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: FU176 Technology (recovery) mission..

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2606.
  • Silo 4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 March 7 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 004.
  • FU-147 Biological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1967 March 13 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 005.
  • FU-147 Biological (Macaca) Biological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1967 March 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 64.
  • FU-174 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: FU174 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1967 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA001. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-163 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 March 24 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA86.
  • FU-156 ionosphere / biology Ionosphere / plasma / biology mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Summary: FU156 Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1967 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C145.
  • CNES C145 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA87.
  • FU-156 ionosphere / biology Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Summary: FU156 Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1967 April 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 April 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M VA88.
  • FU-178 PUV-3 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi). Summary: FU178 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1967 April 19 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Gymnote 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 May 8 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 May 9 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 May 11 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Aurore. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 June 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA002.
  • FU-179 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R10.
  • Rubis 04 Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,560 km (960 mi). Summary: Radio-astronomy experiment; measured the MHz range radio background.

1967 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 October 10 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Cora. LV Configuration: Cora G3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/3.
  • SECT Meteorological Meteorological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1967 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Lex. LV Configuration: Lex 02B/4.
  • SECT Meteo Meteorological mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1967 November 7 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C92.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 November 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite 002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-169 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M011.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B1.
  • B1 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B2.
  • B2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A2.
  • A2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V2.
  • V2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V3.
  • V3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A1.
  • A1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-32.
  • FU-172 Solar Helium Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Belenos.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Epona. LV Configuration: Epona 1.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA003.
  • FU-168 A-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1968 March 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 March 15 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-251A.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1968 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III 301. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 March 27 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-252.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA004.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 April 1 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-253.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 62.
  • FU-184 Sea recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Summary: FU184 Technology (sea recovery) mission..

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite TACITE 02.
  • Earth infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-301.
  • FU-188 Technology test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 562 km (349 mi).

1968 July 25 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/89.
  • FU-185 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi). Summary: No recovery. FU185 Technology + X-ray astronomy / Stab mission..

1968 July 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 September 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-181 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 October 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 October 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite 004.
  • Sun pointing test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 November 3 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-254.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1968 November 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V1.
  • V1 Vecteur operational test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/83.
  • FU-159 PERSEE? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). Summary: No recovery. FU159 UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1968 December 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V1.
  • S02V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 December 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/90.
  • FU-159 Crab Nebula X-rays Ultraviolet astronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi). Summary: No recovery. FU159 X-ray and UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1969 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belisama. Launch Vehicle: Belisama.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: France. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V6.
  • V6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V5.
  • V5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V4.
  • V4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-258.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-257.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-256.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 7 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-259.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1969 February 20 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 61. FAILURE: Failure, premature fairing jettison..
  • FU-170 CIRCE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi). Summary: FU170 CIRCE, Mass spectrometry mission..

1969 March 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belenos. Launch Vehicle: Grannos.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: SECT. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 March 6 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III 304.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-29.
  • FU-172 Solar EUV 1 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi).

1969 April 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E005.
  • FU-181B test flight test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1969 April 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-255.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-260.
  • FU-190 E field / Barium release Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1969 April 19 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B116.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V2.
  • S02V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E003.
  • FU-187 test, A cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1969 April 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-302.
  • FU-188 Technology test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi).

1969 May 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-303. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 May 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V3.
  • S02V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V4.
  • S02V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C81.
  • CNES C81 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C82.
  • CNES C82 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1969 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C1.
  • S02C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B117.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1969 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E004.
  • FU-187 test, B cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1969 September 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III B307.
  • CRAPEL/ELECTRE re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 October 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C2.
  • S02C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 November 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Vesta. LV Configuration: Vesta 006.
  • FU-189 Star pt test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-304.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi).

1969 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C3.
  • S02C3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V7.
  • V7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C2.
  • C2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C3.
  • C3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C4.
  • C4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 February 3 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B139.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 10 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. LV Configuration: Diamant B No. 1.
  • Dial MIKA - . Payload: DIAL Mini Kapsel/P068. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; BMW. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Dial MIKA. Decay Date: 1974-09-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 4345 . COSPAR: 1970-017B. Apogee: 1,638 km (1,017 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Period: 104.56 min. Summary: Engineering package; monitored launch vehicle performance. .

1970 April 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C4.
  • S02C4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 May 6 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Mar Chiquita. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-37.
  • Electron density Test / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1970 June 11 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C1.
  • C1 Charge (RV) - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 September 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C5.
  • S02C5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 October 6 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-305.
  • EIDI-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 October 22 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-306.
  • EIDI-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 November 6 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B140.
  • FU-191 Range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1970 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C6.
  • S02C6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 December 12 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. LV Configuration: Diamant B No. 2.
  • Peole - . Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Peole. Decay Date: 1980-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4801 . COSPAR: 1970-109A. Apogee: 750 km (460 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 15.0000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Summary: Gathered data from meteorological balloon system. .

1971 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C8.
  • C8 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C7.
  • C7 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C6.
  • C6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C5.
  • C5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 April 15 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. LV Configuration: Diamant B No. 3.
  • Tournesol - . Payload: D-2A. Mass: 96 kg (211 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1980-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 5128 . COSPAR: 1971-030A. Apogee: 696 km (432 mi). Perigee: 457 km (283 mi). Inclination: 46.3000 deg. Period: 96.20 min.

1971 April 26 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C136.
  • INTA C-7101 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1971 May 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E006.
  • FU-203 recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C141.
  • INTA C-7102 Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 May 27 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C137.
  • INTA C-7103 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1971 May 27 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C142.
  • INTA C-7104 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 June 8 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/93.
  • GESAIR Biological/Geophysics mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU194 GESAIR, Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1971 June 12 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/94.
  • GESAIR Biological/Geophysics mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU194 GESAIR, Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1971 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 August 16 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1. LV Configuration: Scout B-1-F S180C.
  • Eole 1 - . Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Eole. USAF Sat Cat: 5435 . COSPAR: 1971-071A. Apogee: 836 km (519 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 50.2000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Summary: Experimental weather satellite; received meteorological data from balloon network. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1971 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C133.
  • CNES C133 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 September 14 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA005.
  • PHARE (FU-196) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C146.
  • CNES C146 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C132.
  • CNES C132 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E007 (FU-202).
  • ATLAS / CM16 / Gemini Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1971 December 5 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. LV Configuration: Diamant B No. 4. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • D-2A Polaire - . Payload: D-2A Polaire. Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: D. COSPAR: F711205B.

1971 December 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 S-1E-2601.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 December 16 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/92.
  • FU-208 CISASPE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Summary: FU208 CISASPE, Ionosphere (active sounding) mission..

1971 December 27 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65014-103.
  • Oreol - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 1. Mass: 630 kg (1,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 5729 . COSPAR: 1971-119A. Apogee: 1,779 km (1,105 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 106.90 min. Summary: Upper atmosphere, auroral studies. Investigation of physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of auroras. .

1972? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 April 4 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • SRET 1 - . Payload: MAS/SRET 1. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SRET. Decay Date: 1974-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 5928 . COSPAR: 1972-025B. Apogee: 39,250 km (24,380 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 704.70 min. Summary: Test satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1972 December 7 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E009.
  • FU-205 JANUS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-38.
  • FU-206 Protons / electrons Ionosphere / geocorona mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1973? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S610. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2601.
  • S02C 2601 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 17 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-211 EIDI-3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1973 March 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2602.
  • S02C 2602 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 April 17 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/95.
  • FU-200 Solar ultraviolet Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: FU200 3SUV, UV solar astronomy / Ptr mission..

1973 May 21 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. LV Configuration: Diamant B No. 5. FAILURE: Failure - fairing did not jettison.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Castor (D 5A) - . Payload: D 5A. Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1972-05-21 . COSPAR: F730521A.
  • Pollux - . Payload: D-5A. Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Spacecraft: D. COSPAR: F730521B.

1973 May 30 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-21 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1973 July - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1.
  • Development of Ariane 1 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. Summary: Development took eight years, and cost 2 billion 1986 ECU's..

1973 July 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2602.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 20 - . 13:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1973 September 20 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 20 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 03:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 03:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1973 September 22 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 September 28 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 September 29 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CIMO.
  • Datasonde - . Nation: France. Agency: NOAA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Vehicle: M-100. LV Configuration: M-100 CIMO.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Skua. LV Configuration: Skua CIMO.
  • BMO Sonde - . Nation: France. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1973 October 1 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CIMO.
  • DMN Sonde - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1973 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E008.
  • FU-201 (Solar EUV 2) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1973 December 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65024-111.
  • Oreol 2 - . Payload: DS-U2-GKA s/n 2. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: France. Agency: MO. Program: Aureole. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GKA. Completed Operations Date: 1974-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 7003 . COSPAR: 1973-107A. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Summary: Continued investigations in the earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and study of the nature of polar aurorae begun on board the Oreol satellite in 1971..

1974 January 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2603.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2604.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 November 5 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E011A?.
  • FAUST FU-214 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 19 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E011B?.
  • FAUST FU-215 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 December 19 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 599/D106.
  • Symphonie 1 - . Payload: Symphonie MV1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; DFVLR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Symphonie. Completed Operations Date: 1983-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7578 . COSPAR: 1974-101A. Apogee: 35,893 km (22,302 mi). Perigee: 35,853 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 14.9000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min. Experimental commsat. Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.305) and France (A/AC.105/INF.306). Symphonie flying model no. 1, constructed jointly by France and the Federal Republic of Germany. Description: Experimental teleco mmunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1977; over the Indian Ocean 49 deg E in 1977-1983 As of 25 August 2001 located at 179.98 deg E drifting at 1.086 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 72.77E drifting at 1.184W degrees per day.

1975 January 26 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E012A.
  • ARAKS Northward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 February 6 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant BP.4. LV Configuration: Diamant BP.4 No. 1.
  • Starlette - . Payload: Starlette (BETA). Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Starlette. USAF Sat Cat: 7646 . COSPAR: 1975-010A. Apogee: 1,108 km (688 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 49.8000 deg. Period: 104.20 min. Summary: Geodesic satellite. .

1975 February 15 - . 01:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E012B.
  • ARAKS Eastward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 May 17 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant BP.4. LV Configuration: Diamant BP.4 No. 2.
  • Pollux - . Payload: D-5A. Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1975-08-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7801 . COSPAR: 1975-039A. Apogee: 1,256 km (780 mi). Perigee: 299 km (185 mi). Inclination: 30.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. D5A: Weight 36 kg. Testing in space of a hydrazine catalytic decomposition micropropulsion unit. Responsible organization: Societe Europeene de Propulsion. D5B: Weight 76 kg. Testing in space of the CACTUS accelerometer (ultrasensitive triaxial capacitive accelerometric sensor). Responsible organization: ONERA, Chatillon-sous-Berneux, France.
  • Castor - . Payload: D-5B. Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1979-02-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7802 . COSPAR: 1975-039B. Apogee: 1,275 km (792 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 29.9000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. D5A: Weight 36 kg. Testing in space of a hydrazine catalytic decomposition micropropulsion unit. Responsible organization: Societe Europeene de Propulsion. D5B: Weight 76 kg. Testing in space of the CACTUS accelerometer (ultrasensitive triaxial capacitive accelerometric sensor). Responsible organization: ONERA, Chatillon-sous-Berneux, France.

1975 May 31 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FAUST Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Summary: FU216 FAUST, UV astronomy / Stab mission..

1975 June 5 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • SRET 2 - . Payload: SRET 2 (MAS 2). Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SRET. Decay Date: 1988-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 7910 . COSPAR: 1975-049B. Apogee: 40,825 km (25,367 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 737.80 min. SRET 2 technological research and study satellite. Launched from Soviet Union with a Soviet launch vehicle with the Molniya satellite. Mass 30 kg. Study of the behaviour of a passive cryogenic radiation system, study of the aging of thermal casings and pl astic films.

1975 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2605.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 August 27 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 594/D114.
  • Symphonie 2 - . Payload: Symphonie MV2. Mass: 398 kg (877 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; DFVLR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. Completed Operations Date: 1985-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8132 . COSPAR: 1975-077A. Apogee: 35,873 km (22,290 mi). Perigee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Inclination: 12.7000 deg. Period: 1,440.40 min. Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.329) and France (A/AC.105/INF.330). Symphonie flying model no II. Experimental telecommunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Also registered by the United Stat es in A/AC.105/INF.331 as 1975-77A, category C, with orbit 1427.4 min, 35364 x 35870 km x 0.0 deg Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1985 As of 1 September 2001 located at 164.06 deg W drifting at 1.071 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 167.97E drifting at 1.046W degrees per day.

1975 September 27 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant BP.4. LV Configuration: Diamant BP.4 No. 3.
  • Aura - . Payload: D-2. Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: D. Decay Date: 1982-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 8332 . COSPAR: 1975-092A. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 96.50 min. Solar UV radiation experiments. Study of solar and stellar ultraviolet radiation. 1. Spectral analysis of small and large sources located close to the plane of the ecliptic. Responsible organization: Laboratoire d'Astronomie Spatiale, Traverse du Siphon, 13000- Marseille (France). 2. St udy of solar ultraviolet radiation and its absorption by the earth's atmosphere. Responsible organization: Laboratoire de Physique Stellaire et Planetaire, Meudon, France. Weight 106.6 kg.

1976 April 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 December 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2607.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 April 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 4 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO CO.40 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 June 17 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47182-422.
  • Signe 3 - . Mass: 102 kg (224 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Signe. Decay Date: 1979-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 10064 . COSPAR: 1977-049A. Apogee: 522 km (324 mi). Perigee: 449 km (278 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Summary: This marked the first time the Kapustin Yar cosmodrome was opened to capitalist countries. 20 French specialists worked on the satellite..

1977 June 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 12 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 December 16 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 February 21 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO CO.47 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 February 27 - .
  • Birth of Thomas Pesquet - . Nation: France. Summary: French engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 June 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E015.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1978 December 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 20 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO C.51 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1978 December 21 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO CO.52 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA006.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 March 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E017.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 TS-2601.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 November 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E016.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.60.
  • Eclipse D1 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.61.
  • Eclipse D2 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.63.
  • Eclipse Ba / Li Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 17 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.64.
  • Eclipse D3 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 18 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • O3 Photometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1980 March 1 - .
  • Laques & Lechaceux's Discovery of Saturn Moon Helene - . Nation: France.

1980 May 23 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. LV Configuration: Ariane 1 L02. FAILURE: Stage 1 combustion instability.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Firewheel - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Firewheel. Decay Date: 1980-05-23 . COSPAR: F800523A.
  • Feuerrad subsatellite 4 - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Spacecraft: Firewheel. COSPAR: F800523D.
  • Feuerrad subsatellite 2 - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Spacecraft: Firewheel. COSPAR: F800523B.
  • Feuerrad subsatellite 3 - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Spacecraft: Firewheel. COSPAR: F800523C.
  • Feuerrad subsatellite 1 - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Spacecraft: Firewheel. COSPAR: F800523E.

1980 June 12 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Baudry. Summary: French astronaut trained for a flight to the Salyut space station..

1980 July - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2/3.
  • Development of Ariane 2/3 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. Summary: The upgrade to the Ariane 1 had a total cost of 144 million 1986 ECU's..

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2601.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1981 February 4 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO C.76.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 February 12 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO C.77.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1981 June 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2602.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 September 21 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Oreol 3 - . Payload: AUOS-Z M-A-IK s/n 401. Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 12848 . COSPAR: 1981-094A. Apogee: 1,672 km (1,038 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 105.80 min. Carried Soviet/French magnetosphere and ionosphere experiments. Investigation of physical processes in the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere, and study of the nature of polar aurorae. Carried scientific equipment developed by Soviet and French specialists under the joint Soviet-French project 'Arkad-3'.

1982 January - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 4.
  • Development of Ariane 4 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. Summary: The objective of was an increase in payload of 90%. Total development cost 476 million 1986 ECU's..

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 January 30 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO C.73.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 March 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 May 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2603.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2605.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

1983 June 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1983 October 4 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2604.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 November 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 - . LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Preliminary design of all-new replacement of Ariane 4 launch vehicle begins. - . Nation: France.

1984 February 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 August 4 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. LV Configuration: Ariane 3 V10.
  • Telecom 1A - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1992-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 15159 . COSPAR: 1984-081B. Apogee: 36,459 km (22,654 mi). Perigee: 36,179 km (22,480 mi). Inclination: 8.5000 deg. Period: 1,463.40 min. Stationed at 8 deg W. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 8 deg W in 1984-1992 As of 4 September 2001 located at 142.83 deg W drifting at 6.735 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 11.08W drifting at 6.728W degrees per day.

1985 May 8 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. LV Configuration: Ariane 3 V13.
  • Telecom 1B - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1988-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15678 . COSPAR: 1985-035B. Apogee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Period: 1,435.50 min. Stationed at 5 deg W; business communications. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 3 September 2001 located at 4.82 deg E drifting at 0.111 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 86.72E drifting at 0.424E degrees per day.

1985 September 9 - .
  • CNES Astronaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Andre-Deshays; Haignere. Summary: French astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1985 September 9 - .
  • CNES Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Viso. Summary: French astronaut sent to Russia for cosmonaut training..

1985 September 12 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. LV Configuration: Ariane 3 V15. FAILURE: Geosynchronous orbit injection failure. Third stage igniter cartridge failure was determined to be the most likely cause.. Failed Stage: 3.
1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2607.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 February 22 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. LV Configuration: Ariane 1 V16.
  • SPOT 1 - . Payload: Spot 1 / Viking. Mass: 1,830 kg (4,030 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16613 . COSPAR: 1986-019A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 824 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Remote sensing satellite. Registration 1986-1.B.

1986 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: SNLE. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • D-region ionization comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1987 June 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2608.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 - . LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • Full scale development of Ariane 5 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. Summary: The Ariane 5 was a completely new design, with a single-engine Lox/LH2 core stage flanked by two solid rocket boosters. Full scale development cost $ 8 billion..

1988 March 11 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. LV Configuration: Ariane 3 V21.
  • Telecom 1C - . Mass: 1,210 kg (2,660 lb). Nation: France. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. Completed Operations Date: 1996-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 18952 . COSPAR: 1988-018B. Apogee: 36,860 km (22,900 mi). Perigee: 36,037 km (22,392 mi). Inclination: 5.5000 deg. Period: 1,470.10 min. French domestic communications; 5 deg E. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1988-1992; 3 deg E in 1992-1996 As of 5 September 2001 located at 109.19 deg W drifting at 8.404 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 34.65E drifting at 8.341W degrees per day.

1988 October 28 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2. LV Configuration: Ariane 2 V26.
  • TDF-1 - . Payload: TDF 1. Mass: 2,136 kg (4,709 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: TDF. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 300. Completed Operations Date: 1996-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 19621 . COSPAR: 1988-098A. Apogee: 36,129 km (22,449 mi). Perigee: 36,051 km (22,401 mi). Inclination: 4.8000 deg. Period: 1,451.60 min. French DBS; 19 deg W. Direct broadcasting satellite. French registration: TDF-1, 1988-5-B. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg W in 1988-1996 As of 1 September 2001 located at 139.53 deg W drifting at 3.885 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 5 located at 16.35W drifting at 3.870W degrees per day.

1988 November 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Tir d'exercice - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Site CE test - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2609.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V35.
  • SPOT 2 - . Mass: 1,870 kg (4,120 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20436 . COSPAR: 1990-005A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 825 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Remote sensing. Earth observation satellite. Registration 1990-1-B..

1990 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 July 24 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V37.
  • TDF 2 - . Mass: 2,096 kg (4,620 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: TDF. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 300. Completed Operations Date: 1999-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 20705 . COSPAR: 1990-063A. Apogee: 36,435 km (22,639 mi). Perigee: 36,085 km (22,422 mi). Inclination: 3.1000 deg. Period: 1,460.40 min. French DBS; 19 deg W. Direct broadcasting satellite. Registration 1990-2-B. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg W in 1990-1997; 36 deg E in 1997-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 62.59 deg E drifting at 6.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 98.15W drifting at 5.991W degrees per day.

1990 August 1 - .
  • CNES Astronaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Eyharts; Gasparini. Summary: French astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1990 October 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 June 3 - .
  • France agrees to sign 1968 treaty banning spread of atomic weapons - . Nation: France.

1991 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 26010.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 July 17 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V44.
  • SARA - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Surrey. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SARA. USAF Sat Cat: 21578 . COSPAR: 1991-050E. Apogee: 764 km (474 mi). Perigee: 756 km (469 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Summary: Radioastronomy..

1991 December 16 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V48.
  • Telecom 2A - . Mass: 2,275 kg (5,015 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 21813 . COSPAR: 1991-084A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. French communications; 3 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1992; 8 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 8.05 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 111.59E drifting at 4.763W degrees per day.

1992 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1992 April 15 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L+ V50.
  • Telecom 2B - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 21939 . COSPAR: 1992-021A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Stationed at 3 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 24.98 deg E drifting at 0.634 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 77.10W drifting at 2.683W degrees per day..

1992 August 10 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P. LV Configuration: Ariane 42P V52.
  • Topex/Poseidon - . Mass: 2,402 kg (5,295 lb). Nation: France. Agency: JPL; CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: Topex/Poseidon. USAF Sat Cat: 22076 . COSPAR: 1992-052A. Apogee: 1,344 km (835 mi). Perigee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 112.40 min. Summary: Ocean sensing, mapping. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..
  • S80/T - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 22078 . COSPAR: 1992-052C. Apogee: 1,322 km (821 mi). Perigee: 1,308 km (812 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 111.90 min. An industrial research microsatellite built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) for Matra and CNES to carry out 'Little LEO' communications service experiments. Still operational in 2000. S80/T was designed to investigate the technical feasibility of using a constellation of small satellites placed in near-Earth orbit to provide global communications and position location using only hand-held terminals. S80/T was the first fully commercial application of the SSTL multi-mission, modular microsatellite platform developed at the University of Surrey. The same basic platform was also used for the Korean KITSAT-A microsatellite, which accompanied S80/T into orbit on the same launch. The S80/T mission was completed, from concept to launch, within one year and SSTL delivered the platform, associated groundstation equipment and would be providing operations support during the mission within a contract of less than £1M.

1992 December 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • VERT (POIVRE) Test / imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 May 12 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42L. LV Configuration: Ariane 42L V56.
  • Oscar 29 - . Payload: Arsene. Mass: 154 kg (339 lb). Nation: France. Agency: RACE. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 22654 . COSPAR: 1993-031B. Apogee: 36,582 km (22,730 mi). Perigee: 17,469 km (10,854 mi). Inclination: 5.3000 deg. Period: 1,012.60 min. Summary: Operated by Radio Amateur Club de LeSpace..

1993 July 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • BLANC Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 September 26 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V59.
  • SPOT 3 - . Payload: Spot 3. Mass: 1,907 kg (4,204 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22823 . COSPAR: 1993-061A. Apogee: 823 km (511 mi). Perigee: 821 km (510 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Summary: Remote sensing..
  • Stella - . Payload: Stella. Mass: 48 kg (105 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: STELLA. USAF Sat Cat: 22824 . COSPAR: 1993-061B. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi). Perigee: 797 km (495 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Summary: Laser reflectors..

1993 November 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 26011.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • NOIR Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1995 July 7 - . 16:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40-3 V75.
  • Helios 1A - . Mass: 2,537 kg (5,593 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; DGA. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Helios 1A-1B. USAF Sat Cat: 23605 . COSPAR: 1995-033A. Apogee: 682 km (423 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.
  • CERISE - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; DGA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 23606 . COSPAR: 1995-033B. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi). Perigee: 666 km (413 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Caracterisation de l'Environnement Radioelectrique par un Instrument Spatiale Embarque; examined Earth RF environment. Customer: Alcatel Espace/DME. French government research payload incorporated into an advance microsatellite platform. Still operational as of 2000.

1995 September 5 - .
  • France explodes nuclear device in Pacific; wide protests ensue - . Nation: France.

1995 December 6 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V81.
  • Telecom 2C - . Mass: 2,283 kg (5,033 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 23730 . COSPAR: 1995-067A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Stationed at 1.1 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 5.05 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 3.02E drifting at 0.001E degrees per day..

1996 January 29 - .
  • France announces end to nuclear tests - . Nation: France.

1996 August 8 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V90.
  • Telecom 2D - . Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24209 . COSPAR: 1996-044B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1996; 5 deg W in 1996-2000; 8 deg W in 2000.- As of 5 September 2001 located at 7.90 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 7.85W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

1996 November 21 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. LV Configuration: Atlas IIA AC-124.
  • Hot Bird 2 - . Payload: Eutelsat HB2. Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24665 . COSPAR: 1996-067A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geostationary at 13.0E. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR/MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1997-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.95 deg E drifting at 0.024 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 4 located at 13.07E drifting at 0.011E degrees per day.

1998 March 24 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40-3 V107.
  • SPOT 4 - . Mass: 2,755 kg (6,073 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-4. USAF Sat Cat: 25260 . COSPAR: 1998-017A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 824 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Developed by Matra Marconi Space/Toulouse for CNES, the satellite provided 10-m resolution images with a wide field of view. SPOT 4 also carried a wide field 'vegetation' imager and a laser communications experiment. Launch was by an Arianespace Ariane 40 rocket, the base Ariane 4 model with no strap-on boosters. The liquid hydrogen fuelled third stage of the Ariane 40 entered an 800 km sun-synchronous orbit together with SPOT 4.

1998 October 9 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. LV Configuration: Atlas IIA AC-134.
  • Hot Bird 5 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Eutelsat . Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 25495 . COSPAR: 1998-057A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Geostationary at 10.0 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.97 deg E drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 25.56E drifting at 0.014W degrees per day..

1998 October 21 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V112 (503).
  • Maqsat 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MAQSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25503 . COSPAR: 1998-059A. Apogee: 35,491 km (22,053 mi). Perigee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 641.20 min. Maqsat 3 was an instrumentation package used to monitor performance of the Ariane 5 booster. At T+12:43 the Speltra adapter cover separated revealing Maqsat-3. At T+15:14 the EPS stage Aestus engine ignited and burned until T+31:00. At this point on a normal mission the satellite would separate from the EPS, but to avoid creating space debris Maqsat remained attached to the EPS. The EPS/Maqsat-3 was placed in a 1027 km x 35863 km x 7.0 degree geostationary transfer orbit.
  • ARD - . Payload: Atmospheric Reentry Demonstrator. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: ISS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ARD. COSPAR: 1998-059S. The ARD was an 80 percent scale model of the Apollo Command Module, and a technology test for a possible International Space Station Crew Rescue Vehicle. Equipment included a TDRS satellite communications system; a GPS navigation system; 7 DASA 40 kgf hydrazine attitude control thrusters; a 2.8 m diameter heat shield; three 23 metre diameter parachutes, and a SARSAT recovery beacon. The ARD separated from the Ariane EPS upper stage at 12 minutes 2 seconds after launch. ARD and the EPC stage manoeuvred into a 1 km x 830 km orbit, guaranteeing re-entry at the end of the first orbit. The spacecraft splashed down in the Pacific at 3.69 degrees N, 153.35 degrees W, and was successfully recovered by the French Navy.

1998 October 25 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 660.
  • Spoutnik-41 - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF; VVS. Manufacturer: AFR. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: PS Model. Decay Date: 1999-01-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 25533 . COSPAR: 1998-062C. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 313 km (194 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. On a space walk from Mir on November 10, Padalka and Avdeyev hand-launched the Spoutnik-41 amateur-radio mini-satellite at around 19:30 GMT. Spoutnik-41, also designated RS-18, was another scale model of the first satellite, Sputnik 1, launched 41 years ago. It carried a small transmitter and was sponsored by Aero Club de France, AMSAT-France, and the Astronautical Federation of Russia. A similar model was launched in 1997 for the fortieth anniversary of Sputnik. On that occasion, two flight models were carried to Mir but only one was launched. The second Spoutnik-40 flight model was still aboard Mir as of 1998. The second Spoutnik-40 would perhaps be deployed prior to the abandonment of Mir in 1999.

1998 October 28 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V113.
  • Afristar - . Nation: France. Agency: Worldspace. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: WorldSpace. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 25515 . COSPAR: 1998-063A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Afristar was the first WorldSpace satellite. Afristar was to broadcast digital radio over Africa and the Middle East. Small hand-held radios could pick up the 24 to 96 radio channels available on the three L-band beams. Dry mass of Afristar was 1205 kg; it carried 1534 kg of propellant at launch. Geostationary at 21.0 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 21 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 20.98 deg E drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 20.98E drifting at 0.010W degrees per day.

1999 January 2 - .
  • Death of Karl-Heinz Bringer - . Nation: France; Germany. Related Persons: Bringer. Summary: German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1999 April 2 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Sputnik-99 - . Nation: France. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: OSCAR. Decay Date: 1999-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 25685 . COSPAR: 1999-015C. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Summary: Subscale amateur radio model of Sputnik 1. Reentered July 29..

1999 May 4 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BRET. Launch Platform: S617. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N, Longitude:4.50 W..

1999 May 4 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BRET. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N, Longitude:4.50 W..

1999 December 3 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40-3 V124.
  • Helios 1B - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Helios 1A-1B. USAF Sat Cat: 25977 . COSPAR: 1999-064A. Apogee: 682 km (423 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min. French optical military reconnaisance satellite based on Spot 4. Taken out of service in mid-October 2004, when the orbit of the satellite was lowered to 637 x 640 km, taking it out of the path of Helios 1A and the Helios 2A that would be launched in December 2004.
  • Clementine - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; DGA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 25978 . COSPAR: 1999-064B. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Customer: Alcatel Espace(France). French government military electronic intelligence research payload incorporated into an advance microsatellite platform. Based on CERISE with enhanced EMC subsystem. Still operational as of 2000..

2001 April 17 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 4.
  • M51 Research and development (to CSG) test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2001 December 7 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-X. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10 D289.
  • Jason 1 - . Payload: TPFO. Mass: 485 kg (1,069 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; NASA. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Jason. USAF Sat Cat: 26997 . COSPAR: 2001-055A. Apogee: 1,344 km (835 mi). Perigee: 1,332 km (827 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 112.40 min. Oceanography satellite, launch delayed from August 10 and September 15. Jason 1 was a joint mission between CNES (the French space agency) and NASA/JPL, following on the Topex satellite which carried the Poseidon sea surface altimeter. Jason carried Poseidon 2, as well as orbital tracking experiments and a microwave radiometer which measured the amount of water vapor, allowing path delay errors to be calibrated. The satellite used the Alcatel Proteus bus and had a dry mass of 472 kg plus 28 kg of hydrazine propellant. The JASON/TIMED mission's Boeing Delta 7920-10C second stage reached an initial orbit of 215 x 1343 km x 66.2 deg at 1517 GMT. A second burn at 1559 GMT circularized at apogee to 1320 x 1330 km x 66.0 deg, and the Jason 1 satellite was ejected at 1602 GMT.

2002 May 4 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P. LV Configuration: Ariane 42P-3 V151.
  • SPOT 5 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-5A-5B. USAF Sat Cat: 27421 . COSPAR: 2002-021A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 825 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Remote Sensing satellite. Last launch of Ariane 42P version. Launch delayed from April 10. The Ariane 42P, with two PAP solid boosters, flew north from Kourou. The third stage burn occurred off the east coast of North America, with engine cutoff at 0150 UTC and stage separation at 0151 UTC. Venting of the remaining third stage propellant was seen by observers in the US. SPOT Image's SPOT 5 was built by Astrium/Toulouse. The main instrument was the HRVIR imaging camera payload including a 2.5-meter resolution imager. A secondary experiment was the 5-band VEGETATION-2 instrument with 1-km resolution.
  • Idefix - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 27422 . COSPAR: 2002-021B. Apogee: 809 km (502 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. The Idefix amateur radio payload consisted of two small 6 kg boxes attached to the Ariane third stage. The payload was operated by AMSAT-F, the French branch of the amateur radio organization. (The first French satellite was nicknamed Asterix after the famous comic book character; Idefix was Asterix and Obelix's pet dog.)

2002 July 5 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V153 (512) Ville de Charleroi.
  • Stellat 5 - . Mass: 4,050 kg (8,920 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Stellat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 27460 . COSPAR: 2002-035A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from late June. Stellat-5 was an Alcatel Spacebus 3000B3 with a dry mass of 1805 kg and 2245 kg of propellant. The satellite carried Ku-band and C-band transponders, and was a joint venture between France Telecom and Europeon.Star which was to provide 2-way internet access and video transmission from 5 deg W. Stellat-5 was colocated with France Telecom's Telecom 2C. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 4.99W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.

2002 December 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA s/n V157. FAILURE: The Ariane 5 core's Vulcain-2 engine began failing at T+178 seconds. The rocket veered off course and the destruct signal was sent..
  • Stentor - . Payload: Modified Spacebus 3000. Mass: 2,210 kg (4,870 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. COSPAR: F20021211B. Maiden flight of Ariane 5 EC-A. Delayed from October, November 20 and 28. Stentor, a French experimental geostationary direct broadcast communications satellite, was lost in the failed first flight of the Ariane 5 EC-A. Value of the lost satellite was Euro 388 million.

2004 June 1 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S618. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 5.
  • ME-34 Teutates test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2004 June 29 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 1.
  • Demeter - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: Demeter. USAF Sat Cat: 28368 . COSPAR: 2004-025C. Apogee: 723 km (449 mi). Perigee: 695 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Demeter studied disturbances of the ionosphere due to seismo electromagnetic effects and human activities (power lines, VLF transmitters, HF broadcasting stations). Study of natural electromagnetic emissions in the ULF/ELF/VLF range related to seismic or volcanic activity could be used to predict earthquatkes or eruptions in advance. Demeter tracked these emissions and other space plasma parameters (ion composition, electron density and temperature, energetic particles). The scientific payload consisted of three electric and three magnetic sensors (covering six components of the electromagnetic field from DC to 3.5 MHz); a Langmuir probe; an ion spectrometer; and an energetic particle analyzer. 8 Gbits of onboard memory recorded the data, which was returned to earth as 18 Mb/s high bit rate telemetry in the X band. The two-year mission was handled from a control center in Toulouse.

2004 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G+ V165 (520).
  • Helios 2A - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Helios 2. USAF Sat Cat: 28492 . COSPAR: 2004-049A. Apogee: 690 km (420 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.0770 deg. Period: 98.39 min. Summary: First of two new-generation French military surveillance satellites. Last flight of Ariane 5G model. Launch delayed from December 10..
  • Parasol - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28498 . COSPAR: 2004-049G. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 98.0780 deg. Period: 97.91 min. Parasol carried a wide-field imaging radiometer/polarimeter called POLDER (Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances), designed in partnership with the LOA atmospheric optics laboratory in Lille (CNRS-USTL). POLDER was designed to improve the knowledge of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols by measuring the directionality and polarization of light reflected by the Earth-atmosphere system.
  • Essaim 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28494 . COSPAR: 2004-049C. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 663 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.0760 deg. Period: 97.96 min. The Essaim demonstrator was a system of several micro-satellites (Essaim means 'swarm' in French) for 'analysis of the electro-magnetic environment of the Earth's surface' (electronic intelligence). DGA, the French Ministry of Defence's procurement agency, developed the project. The system also comprised a ground control segment and a ground station for data processing. It was called a 'demonstrator' since the mission's objective was to assess the operational capability of such a system, paving the way for the next generation. The Essaim satellites were based on EADS Astrium's Myriade multipurpose micro-satellite. In early 2000, the DGA awarded the contract for the development, manufacturing of this turnkey system of micro-satellites and associated ground segment. Under the contract, EADS Astrium was also responsible for personnel training and system operations during the three-year life duration of the programme.
  • Essaim 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28495 . COSPAR: 2004-049D. Apogee: 664 km (412 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28496 . COSPAR: 2004-049E. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 654 km (406 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28497 . COSPAR: 2004-049F. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

2005 February 1 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 6?.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2005 October 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS V168.
  • Syracuse 3A - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 3,725 kg (8,212 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Syracuse. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 28885 . COSPAR: 2005-041B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Syracuse 3A French military communications satellite. Launch delayed from mid-February, March 15, April 14, May 31, 2005. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 47.00E drifting at 0.010E degrees per day..

2006 August 11 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Syracuse 3B - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B3. Mass: 3,750 kg (8,260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Syracuse. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 29273 . COSPAR: 2006-033B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: SHF and EHF military communications links for the French military. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 5.21W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2006 November 9 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 1.
  • M51 test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 December 27 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B. LV Configuration: Soyuz-2-1B/Fregat 001/ST17.
  • Corot - . Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Corot. USAF Sat Cat: 29678 . COSPAR: 2006-063A. Apogee: 902 km (560 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 103.00 min. European COnvection ROtation and planetary Transits satellite, designed to detect transits of planets down to earth size as they pass in front of their stars, and convection currents on stellar surfaces. The satellite was to use its 27-cm-diameter telescope to scan 120,000 stars during its 30-month mission. This was the first flight of the Soyuz-2 booster with the improved RD-0124 third stage engine.

2007 June 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 2.
  • M51 SLBM test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 March 9 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • Jules Verne ATV - . Mass: 19,012 kg (41,914 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 204.39 days. Decay Date: 2008-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 32686 . COSPAR: 2008-008A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. First launch of Europe's Automated Transfer Vehicle, a logistics vehicle designed for ISS resupply. The Ariane model 5ES launch vehicle, vehicle L528, had the enhanced EAP solid boosters and EPC core stage of the Ariane 5ECA, but with the new EPS-V upper stage with restart capability and a vehicle equipment bay instrument unit strengthened to carry the heavier LEO payload. Jules Verne carried 1300 kg of dry cargo, 302 kg of water and oxygen, and 860 kg of propellant to the ISS. For this test mission it had a dry mass of 10075 kg and 6475 kg of maneuvering propellant (in later missions the propellant could be thousands of kilograms less, in order to deliver more cargo).

    The EPS stage made its first burn and placed the stack into a 137 km x 260 km orbit at 04:20 GMT. The EPS restarted at 05:05, burned for 30-seconds, and released the ATV into a 254 km x 272 km orbit.

    Following extensive checkouts and maneuvering near the ISS, ATV Jules Verne docked at the aft end of ISS Zvezda module at 14:52 GMT on 3 April. While docked to the station, it was used several times to boost the station's orbit and to shift it in debris avoidance maneuvers. The ATV undocked from the ISS on 5 September and used a fuel-conserving 23 days to position itself for a safe re-entry over the South Pacific. Final destructive re-entry began at 13:30 GMT on 29 September.


2008 June 20 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10. LV Configuration: Delta 7320-10 s/n D334.
  • Jason 2 - . Mass: 506 kg (1,115 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Martin. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Jason. USAF Sat Cat: 33105 . COSPAR: 2008-032A. Apogee: 1,344 km (835 mi). Perigee: 1,332 km (827 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 112.40 min.

2008 August 14 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • AMC 21 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33277 . COSPAR: 2008-038D. Apogee: 35,677 km (22,168 mi). Perigee: 276 km (171 mi). Inclination: 2.1000 deg. Period: 630.40 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite for SES Americom's North American services, using an Orbital Star 2 bus and a Thales Alenia communications payload..

2008 November 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
2008 December 20 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Hot Bird 9 - . Mass: 4,880 kg (10,750 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33459 . COSPAR: 2008-065A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite slated to replace Hot Bird 3 at 13 deg E..
  • Eutelsat W2M - . Payload: Insat. Mass: 3,460 kg (7,620 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 33460 . COSPAR: 2008-065B. Apogee: 35,843 km (22,271 mi). Perigee: 35,735 km (22,204 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite designed to operate at 10 deg E. It used the Indian Insat I3K bus and was the first foreign sale of an Indian-built satellite. It made it to geosynchronous orbit but suffered a power system and was written off eight days after launch..

2009 February 11 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Spirale A - . Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Spacecraft: Spirale. USAF Sat Cat: 33751 . COSPAR: 2009-008C. Apogee: 35,693 km (22,178 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min.
  • Spirale B - . Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Spacecraft: Spirale. USAF Sat Cat: 33752 . COSPAR: 2009-008D. Apogee: 35,681 km (22,171 mi). Perigee: 641 km (398 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min.

2009 August 21 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Optus D3 - . Payload: Star-2.4. Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 35756 . COSPAR: 2009-044B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • JCSAT 12 - . Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: JCSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 35755 . COSPAR: 2009-044A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2009 October 1 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Amazonas 2 - . Mass: 5,465 kg (12,048 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 35943 . COSPAR: 2009-054B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Commercial broadcast satellite for North and South America..
  • COMSATBw-1 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 2,440 kg (5,370 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: COMSATBw. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 35942 . COSPAR: 2009-054A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,765 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: German military communications satellite. Dry mass 1040 kg..

2009 October 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Thor 6 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B2. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Thor Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 36033 . COSPAR: 2009-058B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Direct broadcast satellite stationed at 1 deg W..
  • NSS 12 - . Mass: 5,620 kg (12,380 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 36032 . COSPAR: 2009-058A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: C- and Ku-band communications satellite stationed at 57 deg E..

2009 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5GS. LV Configuration: Ariane 5GS s/n L532.
  • Helios 2B - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Helios. Spacecraft: SPOT-5A-5B. USAF Sat Cat: 36124 . COSPAR: 2009-073A. Apogee: 680 km (420 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Summary: French military surveillance satellite..

2010 January 27 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • TN75 RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D launch.

2010 June 15 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Picard - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Makeyev. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 36598 . COSPAR: 2010-028A. Apogee: 730 km (450 mi). Perigee: 725 km (450 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Summary: Solar observation payload..

2010 July 10 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test..

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