Encyclopedia Astronautica
Egypt


Egypt

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Ptolemy Ptolemy, Claudius (fl 127) Greek philosopher, theorized that the universe had the Earth at its center with the planets, Moon, Sun, and stars orbiting around it. This concept was dogma for 1500 years until Copernicus placed the sun at the center. Also catalogued 1,022 star More...
  • Pilz Pilz, Wolfgang (1911-1994) German professor. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2; later worked in Egypt 1963-1963. More...
  • Jens-Goercke Jens-Goercke, Paul German engineer in WW2. Member of the German rocket team in Egypt 1960-1963. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Al Zahar Egyptian short range ballistic missile. United Arab Republic neither confirmed nor denied reports of November 8 that it had successfully launched its first rocket. Dr. Eugen Saenger of the Stuttgart Jet Propulsion Institute in Germany denied any connection with the United Arab Republic program as charged by Israel. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Sakr Egyptian manufacturer. Sakr Factory, Egypt. More...

Associated Programs
Associated Launch Sites
  • Al Kahir Ballistic missile launch location known to have been used for 3 launches from 1962 to 1963, reaching up to 80 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Egypt Chronology


1911 June 28 - .
  • Nakhla Meteorite Fall in Egypt (Mars Meteorite, Hit Dog) - . Nation: Egypt.

1961 November 14 - . Launch Vehicle: Al Zahar.
  • Egypt first rocket launch. - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). United Arab Republic neither confirmed nor denied reports of November 8 that it had successfully launched its first rocket. Dr. Eugen Saenger of the Stuttgart Jet Propulsion Institute in Germany denied any connection with the United Arab Republic program as charged by Israel.

1962 July 21 - .
  • Egyptians parade rockets - . Nation: Egypt. Related Persons: Saenger; Kleinwaechter; Pilz. The Egyptian government exhibits mock-ups of missiles they are developing with assistance from German engineers. The El Qahir (conqueror) is 11 m long and was said to have a range of 600 km. The El Zafir (Victor) is 5.5 km long and had a range of 300 km. Later it is announced that a two-stage Al Ared (Pioneer) rocket is being developed that will have a range of 1000 km. A modification of this will be capable of launching satellites. Engineers involved in development of the rockets are said to be Wolfgang Pilz, Hans Goercke, and Hans Kleinwaechter. Eugen Saenger at the Stuttgart Propulsion Institute is also implicated. Saenger, who is working with his wife on steam-rocket boosted ramjet aircraft, denies this.

1962 July 21 - . Launch Site: Al Kahir. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 July 21 - . Launch Site: Al Kahir. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 May 1 - . Launch Site: Al Kahir. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • Meteorological test - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1971 September 23 - . Launch Site: Jabal Hamzah. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1973 October 6 - . Launch Site: Jabal Hamzah. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • Al Tin - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1973 October 6 - . Launch Site: Jabal Hamzah. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • Al Tin - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1973 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Deversoir. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Deversoir. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Deversoir. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • R-17E - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 April 28 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. LV Configuration: Ariane 44P-3 V108.
  • Nilesat 1 - . Payload: Nilesat 101. Nation: Egypt. Agency: Nilesat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Nilesat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 25311 . COSPAR: 1998-024A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Egypt's first satellite. Geostationary at 7.0 degrees W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 7 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 6.95 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 7.00W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.

2000 August 17 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V131.
  • Nilesat 102 - . Mass: 1,827 kg (4,027 lb). Nation: Egypt. Agency: Nilesat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Nilesat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 26470 . COSPAR: 2000-046B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous communications satellite of the Egyptian company Nilesat SA. The satellite joined Nilesat 101 in providing Ku-band broadcast services. Stationed at 7 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 7 deg W in 2000. As of 2 September 2001 located at 6.98 deg W drifting at 0.002 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 6.97W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day.

2007 April 17 - . 06:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 806.
  • MisrSat 1 - . Payload: Egyptsat 1 / MS-1TK. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Egypt. Agency: NARSSS. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: MS-1. USAF Sat Cat: 31117 . COSPAR: 2007-012A. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: MisrSat/Egyptsat carried an imaging payload for Egypt's National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences..

2010 August 4 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Nilesat 201 - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Egypt. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Nilesat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 36830 . COSPAR: 2010-037A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,770 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band/Ka-band direct broadcasting satellite..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use