AKA: Barmin;GSKB Spetsmash;KBOM (1965);SKB.
On June 30, 1941, the SKB specialized design bureau was organized at the Kompresor plant in Moscow under Barmin to develop and manufacture the Katyusha barrage rocket system that was used by Soviet forces to great effect in World War II. After the war Barmin was assigned to develop the launch equipment for the Russian copies of German missiles. For this purpose his SKB was expanded in August 1946 and renamed GSKB SpetsMash (State Union Design Bureau of Special Machine-Building) Barmin went on to become the pre-eminent Soviet designer of rocket mobile launchers, fixed launch complexes, and missile silos. This culminated in the design and construction of the immense facilities for launch of the N1 and Energia super-boosters at Baikonur. In 1967 the bureau was renamed KBOM (Design Bureau of General Machine-Building). KBOM was responsible for design of the planned Soviet lunar base until that project was terminated in 1974. After Barmin's death in 1993 the Bureau was headed by his son, Igor Barmin.