Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Prunariu, Dumitru Dorin (1952-) Romanian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-10. First Rumanian astronaut.

Dumitru Dorin Prunariu, born on September 27, 1952 in Brasov, Romania, graduated from the Physics and Mathematics high school in Brasov in 1971 and in 1976 from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest obtaining a degree in Aerospace Engineering.

D. Prunariu worked as a Diplomatic Engineer at "IAR - Brasov", an aircraft industry facility, prior to enrolling in the Romanian Air Force Officers Training School in 1977. He was selected for spaceflight training in 1978 as a part of the Intercosmos Program. Obtaining the maximum marks during three years of preparation he was selected for a joint space flight with Cosmonaut Leonid Popov. In May 1981 they completed an eight- day space mission on board Soyuz-40 and the Salyut-6 space laboratory where they completed scientific experiments in the fields of astrophysics, space radiation, space technologies, space medicine and biology.

Following his space flight D. Prunariu worked as chief inspector for airspace activities in the Romanian Air Force and as an instructor at the Polytechnic University in the Aerospace Engineering Department where he taught the theory of space flight. In January 1990 he was appointed as Secretary of State to the Ministry of Transportation and chief of the Romanian Civil Aviation Department. In 1991 he graduated from the International Aviation Management Training Institute (IAMTI/IIFGA) located in Montreal, Canada. In 1992 D. Prunariu was appointed as a board member of the Romanian Space Agency and in 1998 appointed to serve as President - General Director. Since 1995 he also served as Vice-President of the International Institute for Risk, Security and Communication Management (EURISC).

Additionally, D. Prunariu is a corresponding member of the International Astronautical Academy (1992) and a member of the Romanian National COSPAR Committee (1994). In 1984 he was awarded the "Hermann Oberth Gold Medal" by the German Rocket Society "Hermann Oberth - Wernher von Braun". In 1985 joined the Association of Space Explorers (ASE), currently with a membership of 270 astronauts from 27 countries. Since 1993 he has been the permanent representative of the Association of Space Explorers at the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) sessions. D. Prunariu is currently a member of the Executive Committee of ASE and since 1996 was elected chairman of the Association's committee for policy and international affaires. Since 1992 he is representing the Government of Romania to the UN COPUOS sessions.

D. Prunariu is an author and co-author of several books regarding space technology and space flight and presented, published numerous scientific papers. His PhD thesis produced new developments in the field of space flight dynamics. D. Prunariu is fluent in English, Russian and French.

Dumitru Dorin Prunariu is married and has two sons.

Birth Place: Brasov.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1952.09.27.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 7.86 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...
  • Intercosmos Group - 1978 Requirement: pilots from friendly socialist countries to visit Salyut space stations for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange missions. More...

Associated Flights
  • Salyut 6 EP-10 Crew: Popov, Prunariu. First Rumanian astronaut. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Dediu, Romanenko. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • Salyut 6 Mishin was authorised in December 1973 to build an improved design DOS-5 version of the Salyut station using Almaz facilities. Mishin's bureau borrowed the two docking port configuration of Chelomei's Almaz OPS-2 This station's second docking port would allow rotation of crews and resupply/refueling using unmanned Progress spacecraft. More...

Prunariu Chronology

1978 March 1 - .
1981 May 14 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 40 - . Call Sign: Dnepr (Dnieper ). Crew: Popov; Prunariu. Backup Crew: Dediu; Romanenko. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 56. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Popov; Prunariu; Dediu; Romanenko. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 6 EP-10; Salyut 6 EO-6. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 7.86 days. Decay Date: 1981-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 12454 . COSPAR: 1981-042A. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Transported to the Salyut-6 orbital station the ninth international crew under the INTERCOSMOS programme, comprising L I Popov (USSR), and D. Prunariu (Romania), to conduct scientific research and experiments..

1981 May 22 - .
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