Encyclopedia Astronautica
Payette



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Payette
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Payette, Julie (1963-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-96, STS-127. Engineer. Second Canadian female astronaut.

Educated McGill; Toronto.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Julie Payette
CSA Astronaut (Mission Specialist Candidate)

PERSONAL DATA:
Born October 20, 1963, in Montreal, Quebec. Married to François Brissette. Enjoys triathlon, skiing, racquet sports and scuba diving. Holds a multi-engine commercial pilot license with instrument rating. Ms. Payette plays piano and has sung with the Montreal Symphonic Orchestra Chamber Choir, the Piacere Vocale in Basel, Switzerland, and with the Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra Choir in Toronto, Canada. Fluent in French and English, and conversational in Spanish, Italian, German and Russian.

EDUCATION:
Primary and secondary school in Montreal, Quebec. International Baccalaureate (1982) at the United World International College of the Atlantic in South Wales, UK. Bachelor of Engineering (1986) from McGill University, Montreal and a Master of Applied Science (1990) from the University of Toronto.

ORGANIZATIONS:
Member of l'Ordre des Ingénieurs du Québec. Appointed member (Governor-in-Council) of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). Ninety Nines, a women pilots organization.

SPECIAL HONORS:
Received one of six Canadian scholarships to attend the International UWC of the Atlantic in South Wales, UK (1980). Greville-Smith Scholarship (1982-1986), highest undergraduate award at McGill University. McGill Faculty Scholar (1983-1986), graduated with distinction in 1986. NSERC post-graduate Scholarship (1988-1990). Massey College Fellowship (1988-1990). In November 1994, the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers awarded her its 1994 distinction for exceptional achievement by a young engineer.

EXPERIENCE:
Research activities in computer systems, natural language processing and automatic speech recognition. Current interests are in the application of interactive technology to space. Between 1986 and 1988, Ms. Payette worked as a system engineer for IBM Canada's Scientific and Engineering Division. From 1988 to 1990, she was involved in a high-performance computer architecture project. In 1991, Ms. Payette joined the Communications and Computer Science Department of the IBM Research Laboratory in Zurich, Switzerland, for a one-year visiting scientist appointment. Upon her return to Canada, in January 1992, Ms. Payette joined the Speech Research Group of Bell-Northern Research in Montreal.

Ms. Payette was selected as an astronaut by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) in June 1992 and underwent training in Canada. After basic training, she worked as a technical advisor for the MSS (Mobile Servicing System), the Canadian contribution to the International Space Station. In 1993, Ms. Payette established the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) Group at the Canadian Astronaut Program. In addition, she served on the NATO International Research Study Group (RSG-10) on speech processing.

In preparation for a space assignment, Ms. Payette studied Russian and contributed to microgravity science experiments aboard various parabolic aircraft (KC-135, T-33, Falcon-20, DC-9) where she logged over 120 hours of reduced gravity flight time, both as experiment operator and test subject. In the fall of 1995, Ms. Payette undertook military jet training at the Canadian Air Force Base in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, where she obtained her captaincy and logged 95 hours on the Tutor CT-114 jet aircraft. In April 1996, Ms. Payette completed a deep-sea diving suit training program in Vancouver BC and was certified as a one-atmosphere diving suit operator (NEWTSUIT Level 2 Pilot).

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Ms. Payette reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1996 to begin two years of training and evaluation. Successful completion of this initial training will qualify her for various technical assignments leading to selection as a mission specialist on a Space Shuttle flight crew.

JANUARY 1997

Birth Place: Montreal, Quebec.
Status: Active.


Born: 1963.10.20.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 25.50 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Canada Group 2 - 1992 Requirement: engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flight billets provided in exchange for Canadian development of the shuttle's remote manipulator arm. More...
  • NASA Group 16 - 1996 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Sardines (named because that's how packed they were; at 44 this was the largest ASCAN class of all time) More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-96 Crew: Barry, Husband, Jernigan, Ochoa, Payette, Rominger, Tokarev. First docking with the ISS. Transferred equipment from the Spacehab Logistics Double Module to the interior of the station. More...
  • STS-127 Crew: Polansky, Hurley, Cassidy, Marshburn, Wolf, Payette. Deliver to the ISS and install the Kibo Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF); Kibo Japanese Experiment Logistics Module - Exposed Section (ELM-ES); and Spacelab Pallet - Deployable 2 (SLP-D2). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Payette Chronology


1999 March 10 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 99-10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Payette; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Summary: As the International Space Station completed its 1,700th orbit of Earth, flight control teams in Houston and Moscow reported its systems continued to operate well this week with no problems seen that would interfere with its flight.. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 27 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Discovery and its multi-national crew of seven astronauts blasted off this morning from the Kennedy Space Center, lighting up the early morning skies as they sped to orbit on the first shuttle mission of the year for the first shuttle docking to the International Space Station. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 27 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. The crew of STS-96 was awakened just before 7 p.m. by the Beach Boys' version of "California Dreamin," played for Mission Specialist Tammy Jernigan. Once awake, Discovery's seven-member crew began preparing for its first full day on orbit to ready the vehicle for tomorrow night's docking with the International Space Station and a spacewalk the night after. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 27 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-96.
  • STS-96 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Rominger; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Barry; Payette; Tokarev. Payload: Discovery F26 / Spacehab-DM. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Rominger; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Barry; Payette; Tokarev. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-96. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 9.80 days. Decay Date: 1999-06-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 25760 . COSPAR: 1999-030A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Discovery docked at the PMA-2 end of the International Space Station PMA-2/Unity/PMA-1/Zarya stack. The crew transferred equipment from the Spacehab Logistics Double Module in the payload bay to the interior of the station. Tammy Jernigan and Dan Barry made a space walk to transfer equipment from the payload bay to the exterior of the station. The ODS/EAL docking/airlock truss carried two TSA (Tool Stowage Assembly) packets with space walk tools. The Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC), built by Energia and DASA-Bremen, carried parts of the Strela crane and the US OTD crane as well as the SHOSS box which contains three bags of tools and equipment to be stored on ISS's exterior.

    The STS-96 payload bay manifest:

    • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System/External Airlock
    • Bay 3-4: Tunnel Adapter S/N 001
    • Bay 5-7: Spacehab Tunnel
    • Bay 5: Keel Yoke Device (KYD) and Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC)
    • Bay 8-12: Spacehab Logistics Double Module
    • Bay 13 Port: Adapter Beam (ABA) with IVHM
    • Bay 13 Stbd: Adapter Beam (ABA) with SVF/Starshine
    • Sill: RMS Arm S/N 303

    The STS-96 stack, on mobile launcher 2, was rolled back out to pad 39B after hail damage to the external tank had been repaired. On the launch day, solid rocket booster separation was at 10:51 GMT, main engine cut-off of external tank ET-100 at 10:57 GMT. Discovery was in an initial 74 km x 320 km x 51.6 degree transfer orbit. After the OMS-2 burn at 11:32 GMT, the orbit was 324 km x 341 km x 51.6 degree. Discovery docked with the International Space Station's PMA-2 docking port at 04:24 GMT on May 29. ISS was in a 379 km x 385 km x 51.6 degree orbit. In its configuration at that time it consisted of the PMA-2 docking port, NASA's Unity node, the NASA-owned, Russian-built Zarya module, and the PMA-1 docking unit connecting Unity and Zarya.

    On May 30 at 02:56 GMT Tammy Jernigan and Dan Barry entered the payload bay of Discovery from the tunnel adapter hatch, and made a 7 hr 55 min space walk, transferring equipment to the exterior of the station.

    On May 31 at 01:15 GMT the hatch to Unity was opened and the crew began several days of cargo transfers to the station. Battery units and communications equipment were replaced and sound insulation was added to Zarya. Discovery undocked from ISS at 22:39 GMT on June 3 into a 385 x 399 km x 51.6 degree orbit, leaving the station without a crew aboard. On June 5 the Starshine satellite was ejected from the payload bay. The payload bay doors were closed at around 02:15 GMT on June 6 and the deorbit burn was at 04:54 GMT. Discovery landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 06:02 GMT.


1999 May 28 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. With the Shuttle trailing the station by less than 500 nautical miles and moving closer every orbit, Commander Kent Rominger twice fired Discovery's steering jets to fine tune the Shuttle's approach to the new station. The engine firings were the first in a series that will culminate in a docking with the station planned for 11:24 p.m. Central time today. Down on Discovery's middeck, Flight Engineer Ellen Ochoa and Canadian astronaut Julie Payette opened the tunnel and hatches leading to the Spacehab module in the payload bay. Spacehab is loaded with equipment, clothes and food to be stored aboard the new orbital outpost. Later, Payette and Russian cosmonaut Valery Tokarev temporarily stowed some equipment in the module to free up room in Discovery's cabin. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 28 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. At wake-up, the Shuttle trailed the station by about 120 nautical miles and was closing in by about 41 nautical miles with each orbit of Earth. The final phase of rendezvous will begin when Discovery reaches a point about eight nautical miles directly behind the station and fires its engines in a terminal phase initiation burn at 8:35 p.m. Central. The TI burn, as it is called, will put the Shuttle on a course directly toward the station during the next orbit of Earth. As Discovery moves within about a half-mile of the station, Rominger will take over manual control of the Shuttle's approach, flying Discovery from controls in the aft cockpit. Discovery will arrive at a point about 600 feet directly below the station at about 10:05 p.m. Central, and Rominger will then begin a half-circle of the orbiting outpost. Discovery will pass about 350 feet in front of the station and then move to a point about 250 feet directly above it at about 10:32 p.m. Central. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 29 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Having completed the first space shuttle docking with the International Space Station late last night, Discovery's astronauts will go to sleep at 8:50 a.m. Central time to rest up for a space walk late tonight to install a pair of cranes and other gear to the exterior of the orbital complex. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 29 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. At 4:50 this afternoon, the crew of Discovery awoke to the sound of the Space Center Intermediate Band playing familiar themes from "Star Wars." The music and performers were of particular interest to Mission Specialist Dan Barry because his daughter, Jenny, plays flute in that band. Barry and fellow Mission Specialist Tammy Jernigan are STS-96's own "skywalkers" tonight as they prepare to work outside Discovery during an Extravehicular Activity scheduled to begin shortly after 10 this evening. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 30 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report # 08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Jernigan; Newman; Ochoa; Payette; Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: STS-96 Astronauts Tammy Jernigan and Dan Barry completed the second longest space walk in shuttle history at 5:51 a.m. Central time Sunday, accomplishing all of the objectives mapped out for their excursion as well as a couple of unscheduled activities.. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 30 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: Discovery's astronauts are preparing to enter the International Space Station for the first time in six months following a rousing wakeup call from Mission Control in honor of Memorial Day.. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 31 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: For the first time in six months, astronauts entered the International Space Station delivering supplies and preparing the outpost to receive its first resident crew, scheduled to arrive in early 2000.. Additional Details: here....

1999 May 31 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: Discovery's crew of seven awoke to the country and western tune "Amarillo by Morning" to begin flight day six on orbit. The George Strait version was played in honor of Pilot Rick Husband, who is from Amarillo, Texas.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 1 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Discovery's crew headed for its sleep period this morning, reporting significant progress in the transfer of equipment and supplies to the International Space Station after finishing up the planned refurbishment of a battery system in one of the station's modules. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 1 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Husband; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: Discovery's crew awakened this afternoon to the classical music selection "Exultate Jubilate" by Mozart. The selection is a favorite of Canadian Space Agency astronaut Julie Payette.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 2 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Husband; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Discovery's astronauts will finish their work inside the International Space Station tonight and are scheduled to have all the hatches closed by about 4 a.m. Thursday. Shortly thereafter, the shuttle's small thrusters will be fired to raise the entire complex's orbit in preparation for the undocking and departure set for late tomorrow afternoon. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 2 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Gidzenko; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Shepherd. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: Discovery's seven astronauts have successfully transferred almost two tons of material and equipment to the International Space Station to be used by the first residents of the outpost when they arrive next year.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 4 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: After leaving the International Space Station behind, Discovery's astronauts were rewarded with several hours of scheduled off-duty time in recognition of their ambitious pace of activities over the past several days.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 5 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Payette; Rominger. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: During their final full day in orbit, Discovery's astronauts released a small student satellite high over the Indian Ocean and prepared for a Sunday morning landing at the Kennedy Space Center.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 5 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Ross; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: Discovery and its seven-member crew are preparing to return home tonight with landing planned for 1:03 a.m. Central time following a flight that will go into the books as the first docking of a shuttle with the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 6 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Husband; Jernigan; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Ross; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Summary: Discovery's astronauts glided to the 11th night landing in shuttle program history early Sunday, landing at 1:03 a.m. Central time to wrap up a 4 million mile mission to resupply the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

1999 June 6 - .
2009 July 15 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-127 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Polansky; Hurley; Cassidy; Payette; Marshburn; Wolf; Kopra. Payload: Endeavour F23 / ISS 2J/4. Mass: 120,000 kg (260,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-127; ISS EO-20; ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.60 days. Decay Date: 2009-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 35633 . COSPAR: 2009-038A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Crew: Polansky, Hurley, Cassidy, Marshburn, Wolf, Payette. Deliver to the ISS and install the Kibo Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF); Kibo Japanese Experiment Logistics Module - Exposed Section (ELM-ES); and Spacelab Pallet - Deployable 2 (SLP-D2).

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