Encyclopedia Astronautica
Parazynski



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Parazynski
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Parazynski, Dr Scott Edward (1961-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1992-2009. Flew on STS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120.

Grew up in Palo Alto, California, and Evergreen, Colorado.. Educated Stanford. Total EVA Time: 1.94 days. Number of EVAs: 7.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Scott E. Parazynski (M.D.)
NASA Astronaut

PERSONAL DATA:
Born July 28, 1961, in Little Rock, Arkansas. Considers Palo Alto, California, and Evergreen, Colorado, to be his hometowns. Married to the former Gail Marie Vozzella. They have one son. He enjoys mountaineering, rock climbing, flying, scuba diving, skiing, travel, and nature photography.

EDUCATION:
Attended junior high school in Dakar, Senegal, and Beirut, Lebanon. Attended high school at the Tehran American School, Iran, and the American Community School, Athens, Greece, graduating in 1979. He received a bachelor of science degree in biology from Stanford University in 1983, continuing on to graduate with honors from Stanford Medical School in 1989. He served his medical internship at the Brigham and Women's Hospital of Harvard Medical School (1990). He then completed 22 months of a residency in emergency medicine in Denver, Colorado, when selected to the astronaut program.

ORGANIZATIONS:
Member of the Aerospace Medical Association, the American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology, the Wilderness Medical Society, the American Alpine Club, and the Association of Space Explorers.

SPECIAL HONORS:
National Institutes of Health Predoctoral Training Award in Cancer Biology (1983). Rhodes Scholarship finalist (1984). NASA Graduate Student Researcher's Award (1988). Stanford Medical Scholars Program (1988). Research Honors Award from Stanford Medical School (1989). NASA-Ames Certificate of Recognition (1990). Wilderness Medical Society Research Award (1991). NASA Space Flight Medal (1994).

While in medical school he competed on the United States Development Luge Team and was ranked in the top 10 in the nation during the 1988 Olympic Trials. He also served as an Olympic Team Coach for the Philippines during the 1988 Olympic Winter Games in Calgary, Canada.

EXPERIENCE:
While an undergraduate at Stanford University, Dr. Parazynski studied antigenic variation in African Sleeping Sickness, using sophisticated molecular biological techniques. While in medical school, he was awarded a NASA Graduate Student Fellowship and conducted research on fluid shifts that occur during human space flight. Additionally, he has been involved in the design of several exercise devices that are being developed for long-duration space flight, and has conducted research on high-altitude acclimatization. Dr. Parazynski has numerous publications in the field of space physiology, and has a particular expertise in human adaptation to stressful environments.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Selected by NASA in March 1992, Dr. Parazynski reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1992. He completed one year of training and evaluation, and qualified for assignment as a mission specialist on future Space Shuttle flight crews. Dr. Parazynski initially served as one of the crew representatives for extravehicular activity in the Astronaut Office Mission Development Branch. He first flew in 1994 on STS-66 and has logged over 262 hours in space. He was then assigned as a backup for the third American long-duration stay aboard Russia's Space Station Mir, and was expected to serve as a prime crew member on a subsequent mission. He spent 5 months in training at the Gargarin Cosmonaut Training Center, Star City, Russia. In October 1995, when sitting-height parameters raised concerns about his fitting safely in the Soyuz vehicle in the event of an emergency on-board the Mir station, he was deemed too tall for the mission and was withdrawn from Mir training. He presently serves as the Astronaut Office Operations Planning Branch crew representative for Space Shuttle, Space Station and Soyuz training, and is assigned to the crew of STS-86.

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT:
Dr. Parazynski will serve as Mission Specialist-2 (Flight Engineer) on STS-86, NASA's seventh scheduled Shuttle mission to rendezvous and dock with the Russian Space Station Mir. While docked, he and Russian cosmonaut Vladimir Titov will perform a 5-1/2 hour EVA to retrieve experiments first deployed on Mir during the STS-76 docking mission. Launch is scheduled for September 1997.

JANUARY 1997

Birth Place: Little Rock, Arkansas.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1961.07.28.
Spaceflights: 5 .
Total time in space: 57.65 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Flights
  • STS-66 Crew: Brown, Clervoy, McMonagle, Ochoa, Parazynski, Tanner. Carried Atlas-3 laboratory; deployed and retrieved CRISTA-SPAS. More...
  • STS-86 Crew: Bloomfield, Chretien, Lawrence, Parazynski, Titov Vladimir, Wetherbee. Flyaround focused on the damaged Spektr Module to determine the location of the puncture in its hull. More...
  • Mir NASA-5 Crew: Wolf. Wolf relieved Foale as NASA resident on the Mir station. Backup crew: Thomas Andrew. More...
  • STS-95 Crew: Brown, Duque, Glenn, Lindsey, Mukai, Parazynski, Robinson. First Spanish astronaut. Oldest man in space, longest gap between two flights for an astronaut. The flight of STS-95 provoked more publicity for NASA than any other flight in years. Spartan 201 satellite released and retrieved. More...
  • STS-100 Crew: Ashby, Guidoni, Hadfield, Lonchakov, Parazynski, Phillips, Rominger. ISS Assembly flight. Continued the outfitting of the Station. Installed the 18 meter, 1,700 kg Canadarm-2 robotic arm and 4,500 kg of supplies aboard the Italian cargo container Raffaello. More...
  • STS-120 Crew: Melroy, Zamka, Parazynski, Wheelock, Wilson, Nespoli. ISS assembly mission. Delivered the Harmony module to the station, and external work moved the P6 truss to its final location and put the ISS into its full-power configuration for the first time. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Parazynski Chronology


1992 December 5 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 14 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Brady; Coleman; Gernhardt; Grunsfeld; Horowitz; Jett; Kregel; Lawrence; Linenger; Linnehan; Lopez-Alegria; Parazynski; Rominger; Scott, Winston; Smith, Steven; Tanner; Thomas, Andrew; Weber. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Four pilots and 15 mission specialists, nine civilians and ten military. Chosen from 2054 applicants, 87 of which screened in December 1991/January 1992. Five additional international astronauts.


1994 November 3 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-66.
  • STS-66 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Brown; Clervoy; McMonagle; Ochoa; Parazynski; Tanner. Payload: Atlantis F13 / Atlas-3. Mass: 10,544 kg (23,245 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Clervoy; McMonagle; Ochoa; Parazynski; Tanner. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-66. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 10.94 days. Decay Date: 1994-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 23340 . COSPAR: 1994-073A. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Carried Atlas-3 laboratory; deployed and retrieved CRISTA-SPAS. Payloads: Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS) 3, Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmo-sphere (CRISTA)-Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS) 1, Experiment of the Sun for Complement-ing the ATLAS Payload for Education (ESCAPE) II, Inter-Mars Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (ITEPC), Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) A, Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE/NIH-R), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG-TES and PCG-STES), Space Tissue Loss (STL/NIH-C-A), Shuttle Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS), Heat Pipe Performance (HPP).

1994 November 14 - .
1997 September 26 - . 02:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-86.
  • STS-86 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Wetherbee; Bloomfield; Titov, Vladimir; Parazynski; Chretien; Lawrence; Wolf. Payload: Atlantis F20 / Spacehab-DM. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wetherbee; Bloomfield; Titov, Vladimir; Parazynski; Chretien; Lawrence; Wolf. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-86; Mir NASA-5; Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-24. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 10.81 days. Decay Date: 1997-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 24964 . COSPAR: 1997-055A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 354 km (219 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Atlantis was launched on a mission to the Russian Mir space station. The TI rendevous terminal initiation burn was carried out at 17:32 GMT on September 27, and Atlantis docked with the SO (Docking Module) on the Mir complex at 19:58 GMT. The crew exchange was completed on September 28, with David Wolf replacing Michael Foale on the Mir crew. On October 1 cosmonaut Titov and astronaut Parazynski conducted a spacewalk from the Shuttle payload bay while Atlantis was docked to Mir. They retrieved four MEEP (Mir Environmental Effects Payload ) exposure packages from Mir's SO module and installed the Spektr solar array cap. The MEEP experiments had been attached to the Docking Module by astronauts Linda Godwin and Rich Clifford during Shuttle mission STS-76 in March 1996. In addition to retrieving the MEEP, Parazynski and Titov were to continue an evaluation of the Simplified Aid For EVA Rescue (SAFER), a small jet-backpack designed for use as a type of life jacket during station assembly.

    Atlantis undocked from Mir at 17:28 GMT on October 3 and conducted a flyaround focused on the damaged Spektr Module to determine the location of the puncture in its hull. The Mir crew pumped air into the Spektr Module using a pressure regulator valve, and the Shuttle crew observed evidence that, as expected, the leak seemed to be located at the base of the damaged solar panel. Final separation of Atlantis from Mir took place around 20:28 GMT. After two landing attempts were waved off on October 5 due to heavy cloud cover, the crew fired the engines to deorbit at 20:47 GMT on October 6 and landed at Kennedy Space Center at 21:55.


1997 October 1 - .
1997 October 6 - .
1998 October 29 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. The Shuttle Discovery blasted off into a cloudless sky today at 1:19 p.m. Central time from the Kennedy Space Center to kick off a planned nine-day scientific research mission and to return John Glenn to space, 36 years, 8 months and nine days after he became the first American to orbit the Earth. Additional Details: here....

1998 October 29 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-95.
  • STS-95 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Brown; Lindsey; Robinson; Parazynski; Duque; Mukai; Glenn. Payload: Discovery F25. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Lindsey; Robinson; Parazynski; Duque; Mukai; Glenn. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Douglas. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-95. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 8.91 days. Decay Date: 1998-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 25519 . COSPAR: 1998-064A. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). Perigee: 536 km (333 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. The flight of STS-95 provoked more publicity for NASA than any other flight in years, due to the presence of ex-astronaut Senator John Glenn on the crew, which also included the first Spanish astronaut, Pedro Duque. The US Navy PANSAT student satellite was deployed on Oct 30 into a 550 km x 561 x 28.5 degree orbit. The Spartan 201 satellite was deployed from Discovery on November 1 and retrieved on November 3. Spartan 201 was on its fifth mission to observe the solar corona. The data on this mission would be used to recalibrate the SOHO satellite which recently resumed observation of the Sun following loss of control. Discovery landed at 17:03:31 GMT November 7 on Runway 33 at the Shuttle Landing Facility at Kennedy Space Center.

1998 October 30 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Glenn; Lindsey; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Summary: Discovery's crew moved through a steady pace of experiments during the Shuttle's first full day in orbit, releasing a miniature telecommunications satellite and conducting a variety of medical and material research.. Additional Details: here....

1998 October 30 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Summary: Discovery's astronauts will spend their first full day in space supporting wide-ranging activities, from releasing a small communications satellite to studying the behavior of materials at an atomic level.. Additional Details: here....

1998 October 31 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Mukai; Parazynski. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Summary: Medical investigations will begin in earnest today as Discovery's crew moves forward with research comparing the changes the human body goes through when making trips into orbit with the changes that occur as part of the natural aging process on Earth.. Additional Details: here....

1998 October 31 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Glenn; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Summary: Discovery's crew spent much of the last half of today in preparation for tomorrow's planned release of the Spartan solar science satellite, checking out the tools and equipment that will be used during the release and separation from the satellite.. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 2 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Husband; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Discovery's astronauts were awakened at 6 a.m. Central time this morning by Andy Williams' rendition of the 1962 Academy Award winning song, "Moon River." Annie Glenn requested the song as a tribute to the longstanding friendship between Williams and her husband, Payload Specialist John Glenn. The seven crew members are looking forward to some free time today, following yesterday's successful deployment of the Spartan solar physics satellite, which will study the outer layers of the sun's atmosphere until it is retrieved by Discovery tomorrow. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 2 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Summary: Discovery's crew took a few hours break from the continuous pace of research activity on board today, a standard rest period for the crew that is planned during longer shuttle flights.. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 3 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Discovery's astronauts began the second half of their flight at 5:25 a.m. Central time this morning to the sounds of Stevie Ray Vaughn's "If the House is A-Rockin," in honor of Mission Specialist Steve Robinson. Robinson is known as "Stevie Ray Robinson" by the other members of the astronaut band known as "Max Q". After enjoying a break in their schedule yesterday, the crew is focusing its attention on this afternoon's retrieval of the Spartan solar physics satellite, which has spent the past two days studying the outer layers of the sun's atmosphere. Retrieval is set for 2:45 p.m. Central time. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 3 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. The SPARTAN satellite was captured and returned to its berth this afternoon, successfully completing its two-day solar science mission. SPARTAN Mission Manager Craig Toohey congratulated the crew and flight control team on their performance in executing the mission exactly as planned. Toohey said that 30 percent of the science data already had been linked to the ground and the remainder would be off-loaded at landing. SPARTAN Scientist Dr. Richard Fisher noted that investigators were pleased to have the satellite in orbit near a solar maximum cycle and that its instruments had captured sought-after data on a solar mass ejection event. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 4 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Music from Japan awakened Discovery's astronauts at 4:50 a.m. Central time this morning. "Wakaki Chi," a cheering song from Keio University where Payload Specialist Chiaki Mukai received her medical degree, was played in recognition of the phone call she will receive at 2:55 p.m. from Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi and Minister of State for Science and Technology, Yutaka Takeyama. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 4 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. The seventh day in orbit for Space Shuttle Discovery and its seven-member astronaut crew was packed with ongoing science operations. Early in the day, Mission Specialist Steve Robinson, assisted by Mission Specialist Scott Parazynski, tested the Orbiter Space Vision System. OSVS uses special markings on Spartan and the shuttle cargo bay to provide an alignment aid for the arm's operator using shuttle television images. This was its final on-orbit test before going into operational use on the next Space Shuttle flight in December as an aid in using the arm to join together the first two modules of the International Space Station. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 5 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Summary: The Moody Blues awakened Discovery's seven astronauts at 4:15 a.m. Central time this morning for their eighth day of on-orbit science activities. The song, "I Know You're Out There Somewhere," was chosen by Commander Curt Brown's family.. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 7 - .
  • STS-95 Mission Status Report # 20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Duque; Glenn; Lindsey; Mukai; Parazynski; Robinson. Program: STS. Flight: STS-95. Discovery's astronauts glided to a smooth landing at the Kennedy Space Center today to wrap up a nine-day, 3.6 million mile mission which marked the return of John Glenn to orbit and saw the crew members successfully conduct more than 80 scientific experiments. Additional Details: here....

1998 November 7 - .
2001 March 28 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2. The International Space Station has become home to its new residents - the Expedition Two crew of Commander Yury Usachev and Flight Engineers Jim Voss and Susan Helms - who are settling in for a four-month stay after assuming command of the complex 10 days ago. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 19 - .
2001 April 19 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-100.
  • STS-100 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Rominger; Ashby; Hadfield; Phillips; Parazynski; Guidoni; Lonchakov. Payload: Endeavour F16 / Raffaello, Canadarm-2. Mass: 103,506 kg (228,191 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Rominger; Ashby; Hadfield; Phillips; Parazynski; Guidoni; Lonchakov. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-100. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.90 days. Decay Date: 2001-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 26747 . COSPAR: 2001-016A. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 378 km (234 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Space Shuttle OV-105 Endeavour was launched on mission STS-100 to carry out International Space Station Flight 6A continued the outfitting of the Station. The crew of four Americans, one Russian, one Canadian and one Italian were to install an 18 meter, 1,700 kg Canadian robotic arm named Canadarm-2 on the ISS, and to transport an Italian cargo container, Raffaello, which delivered 4,500 kg of supplies and equipment to the station. Total payload of 13,744 kg consisted of:

    • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System, External Airlock, 3 EMU spacesuits - 2160 kg including 360 kg for the 3 suits
    • Bay 3 Starboard: Adapter Beam with DCSU switching unit - 180kg
    • Bay 5: Spacelab Pallet with Canadarm-2 SSRMS (Space Station Remote Manipulator System, 1800 kg mass), LDA, and 56 kg UHF antenna - 3256 kg
    • Bay 6 Port: Adapter Beam with IMAX Camera - 238 kg
    • Bay 8-12: Rafaello Module (MPLM-2) with MPLM racks and 3400 kg cargo - 7500 kg
    • Sill: Canadarm RMS 303 - 410 kg
    Endeavour reached an 80 x 317 km orbit at 1849 GMT; at 1924 GMT the OMS engines fired to raise perigee. After a series of rendezvous burns, the spaceship docked with the PMA-2 port on the ISS at 1359 GMT on April 21.

    On 23 April the SSRMS station manipulator was unberthed from the SLP Spacelab pallet at 1114 GMT and latched on to the PDGF fixture on the Destiny ISS module at 1416 GMT. This was followed at 1458 GMT with the MPLM-2 Raffaello module being moved from Endeavour's payload bay by the Shuttle's RMS and berthed to the nadir port on the ISS Unity module at 1600 GMT. Over the next few days, the cargo racks on the MPLM were transferred to Destiny. Raffaello was then unberthed from Unity at 2003 GMT on April 27 and reberthed in the rear of Endeavour's bay for return to earth at 2059 GMT.

    Undocking of Endeavour was delayed by a series of computer problems at the Station. Failures in the Station's command and control computers left only one of the three computers operating.

    They were all restarted by April 29, and the Shuttle RMS grappled the Spacelab pallet at 2044 GMT . The station's Canadarm-2 released it at 2106 GMT, and the RMS berthed the pallet back in the Shuttle cargo bay. Endeavour undocked from the Station at 1734 GMT on April 29. The weather in Florida was bad at the planned May 1 landing time, so Endeavour landed in California. The deorbit burn was at 1502 GMT on May 1, with landing at 1610:42 GMT on runway 22 at Edwards. Endeavour returned to the Kennedy Space Center atop a Boeing 747 SCA aircraft on May 9.


2001 April 20 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Summary: The day on orbit was one of preparations as Endeavour's seven astronauts got ready for tomorrow morning's scheduled arrival at the International Space Station, and Sunday's planned space walk by Mission Specialists Chris Hadfield and Scott Parazynski.. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 20 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. The crew of the shuttle Endeavour worked this morning to prepare for its Saturday docking with the International Space Station and for the two planned spacewalks while there. The chase to catch up with the waiting station and its Expedition Two crew continues with another in the series of rendezvous maneuvers scheduled for about 5:30 this morning. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 21 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Space Shuttle Endeavour and its seven crewmembers began rendezvous preparations shortly after 3 a.m. today, which should culminate in an 8:32 a.m. docking to the International Space Station, which will be northeast of Hong Kong at an altitude of 240 miles. The shuttle is bringing an advanced robotic arm, experiments and supplies to the ever-growing science outpost. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 21 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. With Commander Kent Rominger at the controls, Endeavour gently docked with the International Space Station this morning as the two spacecraft flew 243 miles over the southern Pacific Ocean, just southeast of New Zealand. Docking occurred at 8:59 a.m. central time. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 22 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Phillips; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Now docked to the International Space Station, Endeavour and its seven-member crew are preparing for the first of two planned space walks set to begin about 6:20 this morning to install the orbiting outpost's Canadian built robotic arm. Called Canadarm2, the high-tech robotic arm is the most versatile ever flown in space. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 22 - .
2001 April 22 - . 11:44 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-100-1 - . Crew: Hadfield; Parazynski. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hadfield; Parazynski. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-100. Summary: Objective was start of installation of the Canadarm-2 SSRMS manipulator arm .Hadfield was the first Canadian spacewalker. The UHF communications antenna was installed on Destiny and the SSRMS initial setup was completed. .

2001 April 23 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. The 10 astronauts and cosmonauts aboard the International Space Station and the docked shuttle Endeavour are beginning a day that will see the first opening of hatches linking the two spacecraft. Highlights will include an impressive first step by the station's new Canadarm2 and the berthing to the station of Raffaello, the Italian-built logistics module. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 23 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Summary: Two elements built by two countries adorn the International Space Station (ISS) tonight after Endeavour's astronauts and the Station's Expedition Two crew worked throughout the day to bring the complex one step closer to an independent robotic capability.. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 24 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Endeavour's two space walkers -- Canadian Chris Hadfield and American Scott Parazynski-- worked as space-age electricians today, completing connections that allowed the new International Space Station robotic arm to operate from a new base on the outside of the Destiny science lab. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 24 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Summary: Unpacking a space-based moving van and taking a second walk in space is the order of business today for astronauts and cosmonauts orbiting in the International Space Station and aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour.. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 24 - . 12:32 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-100-2 - . Crew: Hadfield; Parazynski. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.32 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hadfield; Parazynski. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-100. The astronauts removed a temporary communications antenna from Unity, and connected up power to the Canadarm-2. Susan Helms aboard Destiny then used the arm's LEE A manipulator to remove the SLP Spacelab Pallet from Destiny at 1825 GMT. Meanwhile the EVA crew moved the DCSU switching unit from a sidewall carrier on the port side of Endeavour's cargo bay to the ESP (External Stowage Platform) on Destiny, next to the PFCS (Pump Flow Control System) which was installed on the ESP on the previous mission.

2001 April 25 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Troubleshooting efforts designed to restore full capability to the International Space Station's three redundant command and control computers continue in Mission Control, even as the 10 astronauts and cosmonauts on board the outpost worked together today to install new experiments in the Destiny laboratory. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 25 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Rominger; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. Summary: The Station's new robotic arm truly will extend the reach of humans in space today when it hands the 3,000-pound pallet delivering it to space to the shuttle's robotic arm for transport back to Earth. The three-hour task is set to begin about 6 a.m.. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 27 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Guidoni; Hadfield; Helms; Parazynski; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-100. The Italian Space Agency-provided Raffaello logistics module, loaded with 1,600 pounds of material to be returned to Earth, was tucked securely in Endeavour's payload bay at 3:58 p.m. Central time today as the International Space Station and shuttle flew high over the Pacific Ocean, north of Indonesia. Additional Details: here....

2001 April 29 - .
2001 April 30 - .
2001 April 30 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EP-1; STS-100. Weather permitting, Endeavour and its crew of seven will return to the Kennedy Space Center tomorrow morning, concluding a successful mission to install a new-generation robotic arm on the International Space Station, and a journey of more than 4.8 million miles. In preparation for tomorrow's landing opportunities, Commander Kent Rominger, Pilot Jeff Ashby and Flight Engineer John Phillips verified the performance of Endeavour's flight control systems and surfaces and steering jets. Additional Details: here....

2001 May 1 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EP-1; STS-100. Endeavour and its crew of seven glided to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California today, touching down at 11:11 a.m. central time, concluding a successful mission to install a new-generation robotic arm on the International Space Station, and a journey of more than 4.9 million miles. Additional Details: here....

2001 May 1 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EP-1; STS-100. Summary: With the Kennedy Space Center reporting cloud cover, showers and gusty winds and with forecasters calling for more of the same for the rest of the week, flight controllers decided to bring Endeavour home to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base later today.. Additional Details: here....

2001 May 1 - .
  • STS-100 Mission Status Report #25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Guidoni; Hadfield; Lonchakov; Parazynski; Phillips; Rominger. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; ISS EP-1; STS-100. With the Kennedy Space Center reporting cloud cover, showers and gusty winds and with forecasters calling for more of the same today and tomorrow, flight controllers began focusing on bringing Endeavour home to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base later today. Additional Details: here....

2001 May 1 - .
2007 October 23 - .
2007 October 23 - .
2007 October 23 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-120.
  • STS-120 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Tani. Return Crew: Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Anderson, Clayton. Payload: Discovery F33 / Harmony / ISS-10A. Mass: 123,400 kg (272,000 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tani; Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Anderson, Clayton. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EO-15-1. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 15.10 days. Decay Date: 2007-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 32272 . COSPAR: 2007-050A. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Main mission objectives were delivery of the Harmony module to the station, and external work to move the P6 truss to its final location and put the ISS into its full-power configuration for the first time. Discovery docked with the ISS at the Destiny module at 12:40 GMT on 25 October. The cargo of 17,390 kg was as follows:
    • Orbiter Docking System - Bay 1-2 - 1800 kg
    • Spacesuit EMU 3004 - 130 kg
    • Spacesuit EMU 3003 - 130 kg
    • Station Power Distribution Unit SPDU - Bay 3P - 100 kg
    • Fixture for return of S-band Antenna - SASA FSE - Bay 3P - 4S - 100 kg
    • Power/Data Grapple Fixture for Node-2 - PDGF - Bay 5P - 50 kg
    • Main Bus Switching Unit - MBSU - Bay 6S - 238 kg
    • MBSU adapter - Bay 6S - 122 kg
    • Station Power Distribution Unit - SPDU - Bay 6S - 7P - 100 kg
    • Node-2 Harmony module - Bays 8-12 - 14,300 kg
    • OBSS 203 - Sill 450 kg
    • RMS 301 - Sill 410 kg

2007 October 24 - .
2007 October 24 - .
2007 October 25 - .
2007 October 25 - .
2007 October 26 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #8 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Tani; Anderson, Clayton; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2. It proved to be a perfect day for a spacewalk. In just over six hours, STS-120 Mission Specialists Scott Parazynski and Doug Wheelock installed the Harmony module in its temporary location on the International Space Station, readied the P6 truss for its relocation on Sunday, retrieved a failed radio communications antenna and snapped shut a window cover on Harmony that opened during launch on the space shuttle. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 26 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #7 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15. Summary: Delivery of Harmony highlights the day as the crews of Space Shuttle Discovery and the International Space Station prepare for the first of a record five spacewalks planned for a single shuttle assembly mission.. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 26 - . 10:02 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-120-1 - . Crew: Parazynski; Wheelock. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. The astronauts emerged from the Quest hatch at 10:01 GMT. They moved an antenna from the Z1 truss and stowed it in the payload bay, prepared the P6 truss for separation from Z1, and assisted in installation of the Harmony module, which was unberthed from the shuttle bay by the ISS Canadarm-2 and docked to the Unity module.

2007 October 27 - .
2007 October 27 - .
2007 October 28 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Tani. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2. Summary: The second of a record five spacewalks on one space shuttle visit to the International Space Station begins this morning, and it will end with a major station element en route to a new location.. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 28 - .
2007 October 28 - . 09:32 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-120-2 - . Crew: Parazynski; Tani. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Tani. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. The astronauts emerged from the Quest hatch at 09:32 GMT. They assisted in unberthing of the P6 truss and its placement in a parked position. They also installed handrails and a grapple fixture on Harmony and inspected the malfunctioning Solar Array Rotary Joint (SARJ) on the S3/S4 truss.

2007 October 29 - .
2007 October 29 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: As crew members aboard the International Space Station and space shuttle Discovery prepared for the third spacewalk, they learned that the shuttle will spend an extra day in space, with landing now scheduled for just after 4 a.m. Nov. 7.. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 30 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Tani. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Astronauts Scott Parazynski and Doug Wheelock today install the International Space Stationís P6 truss in its final location. A new task was also added to this third spacewalk of the mission to provide comparison data of the stationís two solar array rotary joints. The spacewalk is set to begin at 3:53 a.m. CDT. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 30 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: The crew of space shuttle Discovery and the International Space Station executed a flawless spacewalk today, but ran into some unexpected issues afterward.. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 30 - .
2007 October 30 - . 08:45 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-120-3 - . Crew: Parazynski; Wheelock. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. The astronauts emerged from the Quest hatch at 08:44 GMT. They assisted in the mating of the P6 to P5 trusses and deployment of a radiator from P6. Wheelock transferred a spare Main Bus Switching Unit (MBSU) from the Shuttle bay to the External Stowage Platform 3 (ESP3). P6 solar array wing 2B was successfully redeployed; but deployment of array 4B had to be halted when a tear developed in the solar panel.

2007 October 31 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: Space shuttle Discovery astronauts will have an extra day to prepare for their missionís fourth spacewalk, as the International Space Station Program has changed its priority from inspection of a rotary joint to repair of a solar array.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 1 - .
2007 November 1 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: Space Shuttle Discoveryís astronauts today will assemble and configure tools to repair a torn solar array blanket on the International Space Stationís port truss during the missionís fourth spacewalk, now scheduled for Saturday.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 1 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Tani. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2. Summary: The space shuttle Discovery and International Space Station crews spent the day putting together tools and making preparations for Saturdayís spacewalk to repair a torn solar array.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 2 - .
2007 November 2 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: Space shuttle Discovery and International Space Station crew members today finished preparations for Saturdayís spacewalk to repair a torn solar array. The missionís fourth spacewalk is set to begin about 5:30 a.m.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 2 - .
2007 November 3 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: Mission Specialists Scott Parazynski and Doug Wheelock today will work to repair a torn solar array on the farthest end of the International Space Stationís port truss in the fourth spacewalk of the STS-120 mission.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 3 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: With a few pieces of aluminum and a little bit of wire, Mission Specialist Scott Parazynski today repaired a damaged solar array during a spacewalk that lasted 7 hours, 19 minutes.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 3 - .
2007 November 3 - . 10:03 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-120-4 - . Crew: Parazynski; Wheelock. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. The astronauts emerged from the Quest hatch and rode the ISS Canadarm II 50 m out to the snagged P6 solar array. Parazynski cut a snagged wire and installed homemade stabilizers designed to strengthen the arrayís structure and stability in the vicinity of the damage. Wheelock helped from the truss by keeping an eye on the distance between Parazynski and the array. Afterwards they observed as ground controllers completed successful extension of the array.

2007 November 4 - .
2007 November 4 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Tani. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2. Summary: The astronauts on space shuttle Discovery got up this morning prepared to complete the final cargo transfers between the two vehicles and bid farewell to the Expedition 16 crew.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 4 - .
2007 November 5 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wilson; Nespoli. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. All systems are go for this morningís undocking of space shuttle Discovery from the International Space Station, completing 11 days of joint docked operations that saw the successful delivery of a new pressurized module and the repair of a damaged solar array wing. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 6 - .
2007 November 7 - .
2007 November 7 - . 18:01 GMT - .
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