Encyclopedia Astronautica
Mohri



imohrima.jpg
Mohri
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Mohri, Mamoru (1948-) Japanese chemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47, STS-99. NASDA; Spacelab-J specialist.

Educated Hokkaido; Flinders.

NASA Official Biography

NAME: Mamoru Mohri
NASDA Astronaut (Mission Specialist Candidate)

PERSONAL DATA:
Born January 29, 1948, in Yoichi, Hokkaido, Japan. Married to the former Akiko Naka of Sapporo, Japan. They have three children. He enjoys flying, snow skiing, tennis, baseball, ice skating, scuba diving, squash, aerobics.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from Hokkaido Yoichi High School in 1966; received bachelor and master of science degree in Chemistry from Hokkaido University, in 1970 and 1972, respectively, and a doctorate in Chemistry from Flinders University of South Australia, in 1976.

ORGANIZATIONS:
Member of The Japan Society of Applied Physics, The Chemical Society of Japan, The Atomic Energy Society of Japan, The Surface Science Society of Japan, and The Japan Society of Microgravity Application.

PUBLICATIONS:
Has published over 100 papers in the diverse fields of material and vacuum sciences.

SPECIAL HONORS:
Fifth Kumagai Memorial Award for the Best Science Paper in Vacuum Science (1980). Honorary doctorate degree from Flinders University of South Australia (1991). Special awards from the Prime Minister of Japan, the Minister of Science and Technology of Japan, and the Government of Hokkaido (1992). Diplome pilote-cosmonaute de l' URSS V.M. Komarov and Japan Society of Aeronautical and Space Sciences Commendation for Technology (1993). Special award for Contributions to the Japan Society of Microgravity Application (1994). Distinguished Achievement Award in Space Biology from the Japanese Society for Space Biology, and the Space Engineering Award from the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineering (1995).

EXPERIENCE:
Dr. Mohri joined the Faculty of Hokkaido University, Department of Nuclear Engineering in 1975, where over the next ten years he rose to the position of Associate Professor and conducted research in the fields of surface physics and chemistry, high energy physics, ceramic and semi-conductor thin films, environmental pollution, catalysis, and application of spectroscopy to biomaterials. He was involved in Plasma-Surface interactions in a Japanese nuclear fusion project for eight years and has experience working on large scale experimental systems for plasma confinement as well as small devices which he designed and built in his laboratory. In 1980 he was selected to participate in the first group of exchange scientists under the U.S./Japan Nuclear Fusion Collaboration Program which led to the publication of an irradiation damage study of nuclear fusion materials using a linear ion accelerator at the Physics Division of the Argonne National Laboratories, USA. In 1985, Dr. Mohri was selected by the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) as a payload specialist for the First Material Processing Test project (Spacelab-J). In 1987, he was appointed as an adjunct professor of physics and worked in the center for Microgravity and Materials Research at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, for two years where he was concerned with mass spectroscopy of high temperature vapors for space experiment applications. He also conducted microgravity experiments in alloy solidification and immiscible liquid behavior using a drop tower facility at Marshall Space Flight Center and the KC-135 aircraft. Dr. Mohri was assigned as a prime payload specialist on STS-47, Spacelab-J in 1990. This cooperative mission between the United States and Japan, to conduct experiments in materials processing and life sciences, was launched in September 1992. Dr. Mohri performed 43 Spacelab experiments with NASA astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor during the 8 day mission. His performance in the space classroom became a popular nationwide event. Dr. Mohri was assigned as the first general manager of the NASDA Astronaut Office in Tsukuba Science City, Japan, established in October 1992. In that capacity he worked as an expert in manned space experiments at NASDA developing the new astronaut office for the space station project. In July 1996, he was selected by NASDA to attend NASA's Astronaut Candidate Training.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Dr. Mohri reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1996 to begin two years of training and evaluation. Successful completion of initial training will qualify him for various technical assignments leading to selection as a mission specialist on a Space Shuttle flight crew.

JANUARY 1997

Birth Place: Yoichi, Hokkaido.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1948.01.29.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 19.17 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • NASA Group 16 - 1996 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Sardines (named because that's how packed they were; at 44 this was the largest ASCAN class of all time) More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-81-G Crew: Mohri, Mukai. Planned Spacelab-J shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. Backup crew: Doi. More...
  • STS-47 Crew: Apt, Brown, Davis, Gibson, Jemison, Lee, Mohri. First on-time Shuttle launch since November 1985. First Japanese astronaut aboard shuttle. First African-American woman to fly in space. First married couple to fly on the same space mission Carried Spacelab-J with microgravity and biology experiments. More...
  • STS-99 Crew: Gorie, Kavandi, Kregel, Mohri, Thiele, Voss Janice. Deployed the 61 metre long STRM mast, a side-looking radar that digitally mapped the entire land surface of the Earth between latitudes 60 deg N and 54 deg S. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASDA Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. National Space Development Agency, Japan. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Mohri Chronology


1988 February - .
  • STS-81-G (cancelled) - . Crew: Mohri; Mukai. Backup Crew: Doi. Payload: Spacelab-J. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mohri; Mukai; Doi. Program: STS. Flight: STS-81-G. Spacecraft: Challenger. Summary: Planned Spacelab-J shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. .

1992 September 12 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-47.
  • STS-47 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Apt; Brown; Davis; Gibson; Jemison; Lee; Mohri. Payload: Endeavour F02 / Spacelab-J. Mass: 12,772 kg (28,157 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Apt; Brown; Davis; Gibson; Jemison; Lee; Mohri. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-47. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 7.94 days. Decay Date: 1992-09-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 22120 . COSPAR: 1992-061A. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Perigee: 297 km (184 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Manned seven crew. Carried Spacelab-J with microgravity and biology experiments. Payloads: Spacelab-J, nine getaway special canister experiments, Israel Space Agency Investigation About Hornets (ISAIAH), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II, Solid Surface Combus-tion Experiment (SSCE).

1992 September 20 - .
2000 February 11 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Summary: With six astronauts on board, Endeavour sped to orbit under cloudless skies from the Kennedy Space Center today to begin the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, the first human space flight of the 21st century.. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 11 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Tani; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Summary: Space shuttle astronauts deployed the longest rigid structure ever built in space today and continued work to check out the equipment they will use to produce unrivaled three-dimensional images of the Earth's surface.. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 11 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-99.
  • STS-99 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Kregel; Gorie; Kavandi; Voss, Janice; Mohri; Thiele. Payload: Endeavour F14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kregel; Gorie; Kavandi; Voss, Janice; Mohri; Thiele. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-99. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.23 days. Decay Date: 2000-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 26088 . COSPAR: 2000-010A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 226 km (140 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. On an extremely successful mission the space shuttle Endeavour deployed the 61 metre long STRM mast. This was a side-looking radar that digitally mapped with unprecedented accuracy the entire land surface of the Earth between latitudes 60 deg N and 54 deg S. Sponsors of the flight included the US National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), NASA, and the German and Italian space agencies. Some of the NIMA data would remain classified for exclusive use by the US Department of Defense.

2000 February 12 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Ross; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Endeavour astronauts began mapping operations on the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, which will provide maps of the Earth unprecedented in accuracy and uniformity. The first swath was begun as the orbiter crossed over southern Asia and continued until Endeavour flew over the continent's eastern coast and moved over the northern Pacific Ocean. The mapping will continue through the mission until the antenna mast is retracted before landing. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 12 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. By the time members of Endeavour's Red Team had reached lunchtime on this first full day in space for the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, the radar antennas in the payload bay and at the end of a 200-foot mast had mapped about 1.7 million square miles (4.5 million square kilometers) of the Earth's surface, or the equivalent of about half the area of the United States. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 13 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Tani; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission's mapping operation continues to run smoothly, with about 17.7 million square miles of the Earth's surface having been mapped by 7 p.m. Central time. Scientists also reported that 38 percent of landmasses had been mapped thus far in the flight. Despite a problem with a small nitrogen thruster on the end of the 200-foot-long mast, both the C-band and X-band radars continue to perform as expected, and the thruster problem has had no impact on mapping operations. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 14 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. "As excited as a kid on Christmas day" is how Shuttle Radar Topography Mission project engineer Ed Caro described his reaction to the progress of the radar-mapping mission thus far. Operations onboard Endeavour continued without interruption, even without the availability of a small nitrogen thruster on the end of the extended boom. By midday, about 24 million square miles had been mapped once, and 9 million square miles twice. That's more than half the planned coverage for the mission. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 14 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Endeavour crewmembers successfully completed their second "flycast maneuver" trim burn early Monday, as the spacecraft continued to gather data that will greatly improve our topographical knowledge of the Earth's surface. Scientists already have expressed delight with low-resolution "quick look" data, which revealed features not shown on today's best maps. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 15 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Summary: Endeavour astronauts had completed mapping well over half the targeted Earth land surface by early Tuesday, and scientists continued to express delight at the quality of information they were seeing.. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 15 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. New radar images of Brazil, South Africa and the South Island of New Zealand were unveiled this afternoon by elated scientists of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. "This snapshot of Earth will be used for decades to come," said deputy project scientist Dr. Tom Farr. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 16 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. With growing confidence that fuel-saving measures onboard Endeavour will permit the radar mapping mission to run its full duration, flight controllers and crew members today marked the mission's mid-way point. "We're almost there," stated Milt Heflin, NASA's Deputy Chief Flight Director. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 16 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Optimism in orbit and in Mission Control that Endeavour will have enough propellant and power to complete its planned mapping of more than 70 percent of the Earth's surface continues to increase. Mission Control also told the astronauts that the EarthKAM aboard Endeavour has successfully transmitted its 1,000th image for middle school students. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 17 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Hadfield; Kavandi; Mohri; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Propellant conservation measures have paid off and Endeavour's crew was notified this morning that the mapping operations will continue for the full nine days as planned prior to launch. "That's great news," replied Pilot Dom Gorie. "They're getting some fantastic data on this mission." Additional Details: here....

2000 February 17 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Masses of data that will result in topographical maps far better than any now available continue to flow into high-rate recorders as Endeavour enters the second half of its Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Efforts to conserve propellant and power continue to pay off, with officials gaining more confidence that the entire nine days, nine hours of mapping operations will be completed. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 18 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. With unprecedented detail of well over half of the world's terrain already safely stored aboard, Endeavour's crew continued mapping the Earth uninterrupted this morning, marching toward more than nine full days of radar observations thanks to successful fuel conservation measures. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 19 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kregel; Mohri; Thiele. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Following yesterday's decision by mission managers to extend mapping operations, Endeavour's astronauts are set to continue collecting data until 5:44 a.m. Central time Monday. At that point preparations will begin to stow the 200-foot-long mast for the remainder of the mission. This 9-hour extension allows for almost 100 percent of the planned coverage of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 19 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. The EarthKAM, a digital camera mounted at an overhead window on Endeavour's flight deck, continues its record setting pace. A little after 4 a.m. CST Saturday flight controllers reported it had sent down more than 2,018 images, the combined total of the four previous flights on which it had flown. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 20 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Ross; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Endeavour's astronauts are looking forward to using one more small bonus in mapping operations time. They were given an additional 10 minutes, bringing the total to nine days, 18 hours and 10 minutes. The additional minutes have been added to allow one more mapping pass across Australia, rather than turning off the radar just as the spacecraft approaches the nation's coastline. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 21 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Ross; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Summary: With mapping operations complete and Endeavour's radar mapping hardware stowed, astronauts today conducted checks of various flight control surfaces and thruster jets in preparation for tomorrow's return to Earth.. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 22 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Kavandi; Kregel; Mohri; Ross; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. Summary: The six astronauts aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour glided to a smooth landing at the Kennedy Space Center at sunset today, wrapping up their 11-day radar mapping mission, the first human space flight of the 21st century.. Additional Details: here....

2000 February 22 - .
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