Encyclopedia Astronautica
McMonagle



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Mcmonagle
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
McMonagle, Donald Ray 'Don' (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-54, STS-66.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Donald R. McMonagle (Colonel, USAF)
NASA Astronaut

PERSONAL DATA:
Born May 14, 1952, in Flint, Michigan. Married to the former Janyce Morton of Phoenix, Arizona. They have two children. He enjoys all racket sports, light aircraft flying, and snow skiing. His parents, Joseph & Jewel McMonagle, reside in DeLeon Springs, Florida. Her parents, James & June Morton, reside in Phoenix.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from Hamady High School, Flint, Michigan, in 1970; received a bachelor of science degree in astronautical engineering from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1974, and a master of science degree in mechanical engineering from California State University-Fresno in 1985.

ORGANIZATIONS:
Member, Society of Experimental Test Pilots, Association of Graduates, U.S. Air Force Academy, and Association of Space Explorers.

SPECIAL HONORS:
Recipient of the Air Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, 3 Air Force Commendation Medals, the Liethen-Tittle Award (Top Graduate from USAF Test Pilot School), and three NASA Space Flight Medals.

EXPERIENCE:
McMonagle graduated from pilot training at Columbus Air Force Base (AFB), Mississippi, in 1975. After F-4 training at Homestead AFB, Florida, he went on a one year tour of duty as an F-4 pilot at Kunsan Air Base, South Korea. He returned from overseas to Holloman AFB, New Mexico, in 1977. While there, he transitioned from the F-4 to the F-15 aircraft. In 1979, McMonagle was assigned to Luke AFB, Arizona, as an F-15 instructor pilot. In 1981, he entered the USAF Test Pilot School at Edwards AFB, California, and was the outstanding graduate in his class. From 1982 to 1985, McMonagle was the operations officer and a project test pilot for a technology demonstration aircraft, the Advanced Fighter Technology Integration (AFTI) F-16. This was a joint USAF/NASA/USN flight test project conducted from the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility at Edwards AFB. McMonagle attended the Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell AFB, Alabama, from 1985 to 1986. He was assigned as the operations officer of the 6513th Test Squadron at Edwards AFB when selected for the astronaut program.

He has over 5,000 hours of flying experience in a variety of aircraft, primarily the T-38, F-4, F-15, and F-16.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Selected by NASA in June 1987, McMonagle's technical assignments have included the Space Shuttle main engines, external tank, and main propulsion system. He worked with the Mission Control Team for Missions STS-32, STS-33, and STS-36 as a spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM), a position traditionally held by an astronaut. The CAPCOM is the focal point for all verbal communication with the crew in the orbiting vehicle. He has served as the Astronaut Office representative for development of crew procedures, the Shuttle Mission Simulator, and training procedures in the Shuttle Training Aircraft. McMonagle also led a team of astronauts responsible for supporting flight crews for Shuttle launch/ingress and landing/egress. He is presently the Astronaut Office representative to the Shuttle Safety Program. A veteran of three space flights, STS-39 in 1991, STS-54 in 1993, and STS-66 in 1994, McMonagle has logged over 605 hours in space.

McMonagle flew as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on Mission STS-39. This eight-day unclassified Department of Defense mission launched from Kennedy Space Center on April 28, 1991, and landed there on May 6, 1991. During this highly successful mission, the seven-man crew worked around-the-clock in a two-shift operation. They deployed, operated, and retrieved a remotely controlled spacecraft and conducted several science experiments to include research of both natural and induced phenomena in the Earth's atmosphere. McMonagle was the pilot during his shift of operations, responsible for flying the Space Shuttle through several maneuvers and operating Discovery's systems in support of science experiments. Mission duration was 199 hours and 22 minutes.

McMonagle served as pilot on STS-54 (January 13-19, 1993) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. The six-day mission featured the deployment of a Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS), the collection of information about celestial x-rays using a Diffuse X-Ray Spectrometer (DXS), a 4 hour and 20 minute space walk by two fellow crewmen to explore the limits of human performance in working outside the spacecraft, and the demonstration of physics principles of common toys to an interactive audience of elementary school students across the United States. McMonagle executed over 100 Orbiter maneuvers to properly point the DXS. In preparation for future space station operations, McMonagle conducted the first on-orbit shutdown and restart of one of the three electricity-producing fuel cells on the Orbiter. Mission duration was 143 hours and 38 minutes.

McMonagle commanded a crew of six aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis on the STS-66 Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-3 mission (November 3-14, 1994). ATLAS-3 was part of an ongoing program to determine the Earth's energy balance and atmospheric change over an 11-year solar cycle. Eight instruments in Atlantis' cargo bay measured the total and spectral output of the sun and chemical constituents in the atmosphere including measurements of global ozone coverage. The mission also included the second in a series of four German-sponsored flights of a Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS). Named CRISTA/SPAS, the satellite was deployed for 8-days carrying two instruments (CRISTA and MAHRSI) which measured small scale dynamic variations in the middle atmosphere and unique chemicals which affect ozone chemistry. During the rendezvous with SPAS, McMonagle demonstrated the first "R-bar" approach flying up from below as opposed to the traditional approach from ahead of a rendezvous target. The 11-day mission was completed with McMonagle's landing the Atlantis at Edwards Air Force Base after 175 orbits of the Earth. Mission duration was 262 hours and 34 minutes.

McMonagle currently serves as the Director, EVA Project Office, Johnson Space Center.

JANUARY 1997

Birth Place: Flint, Michigan.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1952.05.14.
Spaceflights: 3 .
Total time in space: 25.23 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 12 - 1987 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Gaffers (acronym for 'George Abbey Final Fifteen' - the last group selected with George Abbey as Director of Flight Crew Operations). The class motto: 'What's the rush?' since there was expected to be along wait for flights after the Challenger disaste More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-39 Crew: Bluford, Coats, Hammond, Harbaugh, Hieb, McMonagle, Veach. Manned seven crew. Deployed USA-70, CRO A, CRO B, CRO C; deployed and retrieved Infrared Background Signature Survey . More...
  • STS-54 Crew: Casper, Harbaugh, Helms, McMonagle, Runco. Manned five crew. Deployed TDRSS 6. More...
  • STS-66 Crew: Brown, Clervoy, McMonagle, Ochoa, Parazynski, Tanner. Carried Atlas-3 laboratory; deployed and retrieved CRISTA-SPAS. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USAF American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. United States Air Force, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

McMonagle Chronology


1987 June 5 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 12 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Akers; Allen, Andy; Bowersox; Brown; Chilton; Davis; Foale; Harbaugh; Jemison; McMonagle; Melnick; Readdy; Reightler; Runco; Voss. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. First selection after the Challenger accident. 1962 applicants, 117 finalists. Reported to Johnson Space Center on August 17, 1987, to begin their one year training. Seven pilots and eight mission specialists. Two female mission specialists, including the first black woman astronaut. Ten military officers and five civilians (including three from NASA Johnson and one from NASA Marshall).


1991 April 28 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-39.
  • STS-39 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bluford; Coats; Hammond; Harbaugh; Hieb; McMonagle; Veach. Payload: Discovery F12. Mass: 9,712 kg (21,411 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bluford; Coats; Hammond; Harbaugh; Hieb; McMonagle; Veach. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-39. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 8.31 days. Decay Date: 1991-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 21242 . COSPAR: 1991-031A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 248 km (154 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Manned seven crew. Deployed USA 70, CRO A, CRO B, CRO C; deployed and retrieved IBSS. Payloads: Infrared Background Signature Survey (lBSS), Air Force Program (AFP)-675, Space Test Payload (STP)-I, Multi-Purpose Experiment Canister (MPEC), Cloud Logic to Optimize Use of Defense Systems (CLOUDS)-1A, Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME)-lll.

1991 May 6 - .
1993 January 13 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-54.
  • STS-54 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Casper; Harbaugh; Helms; McMonagle; Runco. Payload: Endeavour F03 / TDRS 6 [IUS]. Mass: 21,156 kg (46,640 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Casper; Harbaugh; Helms; McMonagle; Runco. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-54. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 5.98 days. Decay Date: 1993-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 22313 . COSPAR: 1993-003A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Manned five crew. Deployed TDRSS 6. Payloads: Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS)-F/Inertial Upper Stage (IUS); Diffuse X-ray Spectrometer (DXS); Chromosome and Plant Cell Division in Space (CHROMEX); Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA) A; Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE) 02; Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE).

1993 January 19 - .
1994 November 3 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-66.
  • STS-66 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Brown; Clervoy; McMonagle; Ochoa; Parazynski; Tanner. Payload: Atlantis F13 / Atlas-3. Mass: 10,544 kg (23,245 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Clervoy; McMonagle; Ochoa; Parazynski; Tanner. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-66. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 10.94 days. Decay Date: 1994-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 23340 . COSPAR: 1994-073A. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Carried Atlas-3 laboratory; deployed and retrieved CRISTA-SPAS. Payloads: Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS) 3, Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmo-sphere (CRISTA)-Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS) 1, Experiment of the Sun for Complement-ing the ATLAS Payload for Education (ESCAPE) II, Inter-Mars Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter (ITEPC), Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) A, Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE/NIH-R), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG-TES and PCG-STES), Space Tissue Loss (STL/NIH-C-A), Shuttle Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS), Heat Pipe Performance (HPP).

1994 November 14 - .
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