Encyclopedia Astronautica
Krikalyov



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Krikalyov
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Krikalyov, Sergei Konstantinovich (1958-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, Energia NPO, 1985-2009. Flew on Mir EO-4, Mir LD-3, STS-60, STS-88, ISS EO-1, ISS EO-11. World record for total duration spent in space (803 days). First Russian to fly aboard an American spacecraft. Flew in space six times.

Educated LMI. Total EVA Time: 1.71 days. Number of EVAs: 8.

Official NASA Biography - 1997

NAME: Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev
Russian Cosmonaut

PERSONAL DATA:
Born August 27, 1958, in Leningrad, Russia, which has been renamed St. Petersburg. Married to Elena Terekhina of Samara, Russia. They have one daughter. He enjoys swimming, skiing, bicycle riding, aerobatic flying, and amateur radio operations, particularly from space. His parents, Konstantin and Nadia, reside in Leningrad, Russia. Her parents, Faina and Yuri, reside in Samara, Russia.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from high school in 1975; in 1981, received mechanical engineering degree from the Leningrad Mechanical Institute, now called St. Petersburg Technical University.

SPECIAL HONORS:
He was a member of the Russian and Soviet national aerobatic flying teams, and was Champion of Moscow in 1983, and Champion of the Soviet Union in 1986. For his space flight experience, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin, the French title of L'Officier de la L'egion d'Honneur, and the new title of Hero of Russia. He also has been awarded the NASA Space Flight Medal (1994).

EXPERIENCE:
After graduation in 1981, he joined NPO Energia, the Russian industrial organization responsible for manned space flight activities. He tested space flight equipment, developed space operations methods, and participated in ground control operations. When the Salyut 7 space station failed in 1985, he worked on the rescue mission team, developing procedures for docking with the uncontrolled station and repairing the station's on-board system.

Krikalev was selected as a cosmonaut in 1985, completed his basic training in 1986, and, for a time, was assigned to the Buran Shuttle program. In early 1988, he began training for his first long-duration flight aboard the MIR space station. This training included preparations for at least six EVA's (space walks), installation of a new module, the first test of the new Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU), and the second joint Soviet-French science mission. Soyuz TM-7 was launched on November 26, 1988, with Krikalev as flight engineer, Commander Alexander Volkov, and French Astronaut Jean-Loup Chretien. The previous crew (Vladimir Titov, Musa Manarov, and Valeri Polyakov) remained on MIR for another twenty-five days, marking the longest period a six-person crew had been in orbit. After the previous crew returned to Earth, Krikalev, Polyakov, and Volkov continued to conduct experiments aboard the MIR station. Because arrival of the next crew had been delayed, they prepared the MIR for a period of unmanned operations before returning to Earth on April 27, 1989.

In April 1990, Krikalev began preparing for his second flight as a member of the backup crew for the eighth long-duration MIR mission, which also included 5 EVA's and a week of Soviet-Japanese operations. In December 1990, Krikalev began training for the ninth MIR mission which included training for 10 EVA's. Soyuz TM-12 launched on May 19, 1991, with Krikalev as flight engineer, Commander Anatoly Artsebarsky, and British astronaut Helen Sharman. Sharman returned to Earth with the previous crew after one week, while Krikalev and Artsebarsky remained on MIR. During the summer, they conducted six EVA's to perform a variety of experiments and some station maintenance tasks.

In July 1991, Krikalev agreed to stay on MIR as flight engineer for the next crew, scheduled to arrive in October because the next two planned flights had been reduced to one. The engineer slot on the Soyuz-13 flight on October 2, 1991, was filled by Toctar Aubakirov, an astronaut from the Soviet republic of Kazakhstan, who had not been trained for a long-duration mission. Both he and Franz Viehbok, the first Austrian astronaut, returned with Artsebarsky on October 10, 1991. Commander Alexander Volkov remained on board with Krikalev. After the crew replacement in October, Volkov and Krikalev continued MIR experiment operations and conducted another EVA before returning to Earth on March 25, 1992.

In completing his second mission, Krikalev logged more than 1 year and 3 months in space, including seven EVA's.

In October 1992, NASA announced that an experienced cosmonaut would fly aboard a future Space Shuttle mission. Krikalev was one of two candidates named by the Russian Space Agency for mission specialist training with the crew of STS-60. In April 1993, he was assigned as prime mission specialist. In September 1993, Vladimir Titov was selected to fly on STS-63 with Krikalev training as his back-up.

Krikalev flew on STS-60, the first joint U.S./Russian Space Shuttle Mission. Launched on February 3, 1994, STS-60 was the second flight of the Space Habitation Module-2 (Spacehab-2), and the first flight of the Wake Shield Facility (WSF-1). During the 8-day flight, the crew of Discovery conducted a wide variety of materials science experiments, both on the Wake Shield Facility and in the Spacehab, earth observation, and life science experiments. Krikalev conducted significant portions of the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) operations during the flight. Following 130 orbits of the Earth in 3,439,705 miles, STS-60 landed at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on February 11, 1994. With the completion of this flight, Krikalev logged an additional 8 days, 7 hours, 9 minutes in space.

Krikalev returned to duty in Russia following his American experience on STS-60. He periodically returns to the Johnson Space Center in Houston to work with CAPCOM in Mission Control and ground controllers in Russia supporting joint U.S./Russian Missions. To date he has supported STS-63, STS-71, STS-74 and STS-76. Krikalev is assigned to the first International Space Station crew. A three person crew will be launched to the Space Station aboard a Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur launch site in Kazakhstan in January 1999.

JUNE 1997

Birth Place: Leningrad, Leningrad.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1958.08.27.
Spaceflights: 6 .
Total time in space: 803.40 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • Mir Aragatz Crew: Chretien. French mission to Mir; record duration for a non-Soviet aboard one of their space stations; first French spacewalk. TM-6 computer first landing aborted. Backup software program used and TM-6 landed successfully. Backup crew: Tognini. More...
  • Mir EO-4 Crew: Krikalyov, Volkov Aleksandr. Mission curtailed when delays in launching the Kvant-2 and Kristall modules to Mir led to the decision to leave the station uninhabited until the add-on modules were ready. Backup crew: Serebrov, Viktorenko. More...
  • Mir EO-8 Crew: Afanasyev, Manarov. The Mir Expedition EO-8 crew of V M Afanasyev, M Kh Manarov was transported to the Mir orbital station by Soyuz TM-11, together with T Akiyama (Japan) for the purpose of carrying out joint work with the cosmonauts G M Manakov and G M Strekalov. The launch was funded jointly with the private Japanese company TBS. The Japanese television network ended up paying $ 28 million for the first commercial flight to Mir to put Akiyama, the first journalist in space aboard Soyuz TM-11. Akiyama returned to earth on Soyuz TM-10 with the Mir EO-7 crew after a week in space. Backup crew: Artsebarsky, Krikalyov. More...
  • Mir LD-3 Crew: Krikalyov. Krikalyov arrived aboard Mir on Soyuz TM-12 as part of the EO-9 crew. However when economic and political priorities resulted in the engineer being bumped from Soyuz TM-13, he stayed aboard for an extended stay as part of the EO-10 crew. Backup crew: Kaleri. More...
  • Mir Austromir Crew: Aubakirov, Viehboeck. First Austrian astronaut. First Kazakh astronaut. Swap of Soyuz lifeboats. Backup crew: Lothaller, Musabayev. More...
  • Mir EO-10 Crew: Volkov Aleksandr. Only Russian EO crewmember left after a paying British passenger was found and political necessity of flying a Kazakh cosmonaut. EO-9 crew Krikalyov stayed aboard as other E-10 crewmember. Backup crew: Viktorenko. More...
  • STS-60 Crew: Bolden, Chang-Diaz, Davis, Krikalyov, Reightler, Sega. First flight of a Russian cosmonaut aboard an American spacecraft. Deployed ODERACS A-F, Bremsat, carried Wake Shield Facility. Backup crew: Titov Vladimir. More...
  • STS-63 Crew: Collins Eileen, Foale, Harris, Titov Vladimir, Voss Janice, Wetherbee. First African-American to walk in space. First female shuttle pilot. First rendezvous of a shuttle with the Mir space station. Deployed ODERACS 2A-2E; deployed and retrieved Spartan 204. Backup crew: Krikalyov. More...
  • STS-88 Crew: Cabana, Currie, Krikalyov, Newman, Ross, Sturckow. First ISS assembly mission. Delivered Unity space station node to orbit. More...
  • ISS EO-1 Crew: Gidzenko, Krikalyov, Shepherd. First ISS resident crew. Backup crew: Bowersox, Dezhurov, Tyurin. More...
  • ISS EO-2 Crew: Helms, Usachyov, Voss. Three-person crew to operate the station and provide support during station replenishment and assembly missions Progress M-44, Progress M1-6, Soyuz TM-31, Soyuz TM-32 vehicles and Space Shuttles flights 5A.1, 6A, 7A, 7A.1. Backup crew: Bursch, Onufrienko, Walz. More...
  • STS-102 Crew: Kelly, Richards Paul, Thomas Andrew, Wetherbee. STS 102 was an American shuttle spacecraft that carried a crew of seven astronauts (six American and one Russian). The primary mission was to deliver a multi-rack Italian container (Leonardo MultiPurpose Logistics Module, LMPLM) to the Destiny Module of t More...
  • ISS EO-11 Crew: Krikalyov, Phillips. Two-man Russian/American crew to provide minimal manning of ISS space station while the shuttle was grounded. Replaced EO-10 crew. Backup crew: Tyurin, Tani. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Krikalyov Chronology


1985 September 2 - .
  • Energia Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group 8 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Zaitsev.

1988 November 26 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-7 - . Call Sign: Donbass (Donbass - River Don basin). Crew: Chretien; Krikalyov; Volkov, Aleksandr. Backup Crew: Serebrov; Tognini; Viktorenko. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 57. Mass: 7,000 kg (15,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chretien; Krikalyov; Volkov, Aleksandr; Serebrov; Tognini; Viktorenko. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-4; Mir Aragatz; Mir LD-2; Mir EO-3. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 151.47 days. Decay Date: 1989-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 19660 . COSPAR: 1988-104A. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Mir Expedition EO-04. Carried Alexander Volkov, Sergei Krikalev, Jean-Loup Chretien to Mir; returned Volkov, Krikalev to Earth. Initial Orbit: 194 X 235 km. Thereafter maneuvered to rendezvous orbit 256 X 291 km before docking with Mir in 337 X 369 km at 17:16 GMT 28 November.

1989 April 27 - .
1990 December 2 - . 08:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-11 - . Call Sign: Derbent (Derbent - Russian city). Crew: Afanasyev; Akiyama; Manarov. Backup Crew: Artsebarsky; Kikuchi; Krikalyov. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 61. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Afanasyev; Akiyama; Manarov; Artsebarsky; Kikuchi; Krikalyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-8; Mir Kosmoreporter; Mir EO-7. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 175.08 days. Decay Date: 1991-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 20981 . COSPAR: 1990-107A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 367 km (228 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Docked with Mir. Mir Expedition EO-08. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station the international crew consisting of the cosmonauts V M Afanasyev, M Kh Manarov, and T Akiyami (Japan) for the purpose of carrying out joint work with the cosmonauts G M Manakov and G M Strekalov. Launched jointly with the private Japanese company TBS. The Japanese television network ended up paying $ 28 million for the first commercial flight to Mir to put Akiyama, the first journalist in space aboard Soyuz TM-11. Akiyama made daily television broadcasts.

1991 May 18 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-12 - . Call Sign: Ozon (Ozone ). Crew: Artsebarsky; Krikalyov; Sharman. Backup Crew: Kaleri; Mace; Volkov, Aleksandr. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 62. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Artsebarsky; Krikalyov; Sharman; Kaleri; Mace; Volkov, Aleksandr. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-9; Mir LD-3; Mir Juno; Mir EO-8. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 144.64 days. Decay Date: 1991-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 21311 . COSPAR: 1991-034A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 389 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Docked with Mir. Mir Expedition EO-09. Carried Anatoli Artsebarski, Sergei Krikalev, Helen Sharman to Mir; returned Artsebarski, crew of Soyuz TM 8 to Earth. Second commercial flight with paying British passenger. Sponsoring British consortium was not quite able to come up with money, however. Flight continued at Soviet expense with very limited UK experiments.

1991 June 25 - . 21:11 GMT - .
1991 June 28 - . 19:02 GMT - .
1991 July 15 - . 11:45 GMT - .
1991 July 19 - . 11:10 GMT - .
1991 July 23 - . 09:15 GMT - .
1991 July 27 - . 08:44 GMT - .
1992 February 21 - . 20:09 GMT - .
1992 March 25 - .
1994 February 3 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-60.
  • STS-60 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bolden; Chang-Diaz; Davis; Krikalyov; Reightler; Sega. Backup Crew: Titov, Vladimir. Payload: Discovery F18 / GBA-6. Mass: 13,006 kg (28,673 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bolden; Chang-Diaz; Davis; Krikalyov; Reightler; Sega; Titov, Vladimir. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-60. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 8.30 days. Decay Date: 1994-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 22977 . COSPAR: 1994-006A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 348 km (216 mi). Inclination: 56.4000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Deployed ODERACS A-F, Bremsat, carried Wake Shield Facility. Payloads: Wake Shield Facility (WSF) 1 and SPACEHAB 02. Getaway special bridge assembly experiments: Capillary Pumped Loop (CAPL), Orbital Debris Radar Calibration Spheres (ODERACS), University of Bremen Satellite (BREMSAT), G-514, G-071, and G-536. Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II; Auroral Photography Experiment (APE-B).

1994 February 11 - .
1995 February 3 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-63.
  • STS-63 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Collins, Eileen; Foale; Harris; Titov, Vladimir; Voss, Janice; Wetherbee. Backup Crew: Krikalyov. Payload: Discovery F20 / Spacehab SH03 / CGP / ODERACS. Mass: 8,641 kg (19,050 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Collins, Eileen; Foale; Harris; Titov, Vladimir; Voss, Janice; Wetherbee; Krikalyov. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-63; Mir EO-17; Mir LD-4. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 8.27 days. Decay Date: 1995-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23469 . COSPAR: 1995-004A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 275 km (170 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Deployed ODERACS 2A-2E; deployed and retrieved Spartan 204. Discovery rendezvoused with Russia's space station, Mir, to a distance of 11 m and performed a fly-around, but did not dock with Mir. Payloads: SPACEHAB 03, Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN) 204, Cryo Systems Experiment (CSE)/GLO-2 Experi-ment Payload (CGP)/Orbital Debris Radar Calibration Spheres (ODERACS) 2, Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS), IMAX Cargo Bay Camera (ICBC)

1998 December 4 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-88.
  • STS-88 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Cabana; Sturckow; Ross; Currie; Newman; Krikalyov. Payload: Endeavour F13. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana; Sturckow; Ross; Currie; Newman; Krikalyov. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-88. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.80 days. Decay Date: 1998-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 25549 . COSPAR: 1998-069A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 382 km (237 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. First attempted launch of STS-88 was scrubbed at 09:03 GMT on December 3 due to a problem with a hydraulic system sensor. Launch came the next day, with Endeavour entering an initial 75 km x 313 km x 51.6 degree orbit. Half an orbit after launch, at 09:19 GMT, Endeavour fired its OMS engines to raise the orbit to 180 km x 322 km x 51.6 degree.

    On December 5 at 22:25 GMT Nancy Currie unberthed the Unity space station node from the payload bay using the RMS arm. She then moved the Unity to a position docked to the Orbiter Docking System in the payload bay in readiness for assembly with the Russian-launched Zarya FGB ISS component. After rendezvous with the Zarya FGB module, on December 6 at 23:47 GMT Endeavour grappled Zarya with the robot arm, and at 02:07 GMT on December 7 it was soft docked to the PMA-1 port on Unity. After some problems hard dock was achieved at 02:48 GMT. Unity and Zarya then formed the core of the future International Space Station. Ross and Newman made three space walks to connect cables between Zarya and Unity, on December 7, 9 and 12. On the last EVA a canvas tool bag was attached to the exterior of Unity to provide tools for future station assembly workers. Docking cables were disconnected to prevent Unity and Zarya from inadvertently undocking. Following an internal examination of the embryonic space station, Endeavour undocked at 20:30 GMT on December 13. The SAC-A and Mightysat satellites were ejected from the payload bay on December 14 and 15. Deorbit burn was December 16 at 03:48 GMT, and Endeavour landed at 04:53:29 GMT, on Runway 15 at the Kennedy Space Center.

    Payloads included:

    • Sill: RMS arm No. 303
    • Bay 1-2: Tunnel Adapter 002
    • Bay 3-4: Orbiter Docking System/External Airlock (Boeing/Palmdale)
    • Bay 7-13: Unity (Node 1) (Boeing/Huntsville), including the PMA-1 and PMA-2 docking adapters (Boeing/Huntington Beach)
    • Bay 2 Port: GABA adapter with SAC-A satellite
    • Bay 4 Starboard: Carrier with Tool Stowage Assembly
    • Bay 5 Port: GABA adapter with two PFR space walk platforms and one PFR stanchion.
    • Bay 5 Starboard: GABA adapter with two more PFR space walk platforms and one PFR stanchion.
    • Bay 6 Port: GABA adapter with Mightysat
    • Bay 6 Starboard: APC carrier with TCS laser rendezvous sensor
    • Bay 7 Starboard: APC carrier with TCS laser rendezvous sensor
    • Bay 13 Port: GABA adapter with SEM-7 and G-093 canisters
    • Bay 13 Starboard: GABA adapter with IMAX Cargo Bay Camera

1998 December 15 - .
2000 October 31 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U A15000-666.
  • Soyuz TM-31 - . Call Sign: Uran. Crew: Gidzenko; Krikalyov; Shepherd. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 205. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gidzenko; Krikalyov; Shepherd. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-1. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 186.91 days. Decay Date: 2001-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 26603 . COSPAR: 2000-070A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 378 km (234 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 92.18 min. Soyuz TM-31 delivered the Expedition One crew to the International Space Station with Gidzenko as the Soyuz crew commander with the call-sign 'Uran'. The spacecraft docked at Zvezda's rear port at 0921 GMT on November 2. The hatch to Zvezda was opened at 1023 GMT. Once aboard ISS, Shepherd became the ISS Commander, with 'Station Alpha' as the ISS callsign. Soyuz TM-31, with Shepherd, Gidzenko and Krikalyov aboard, undocked from the -Y port on Zvezda on February 24, 2001 at 1006 GMT and redocked with the -Z port on Zarya at 1037 GMT. This freed the Zvezda port for a Progress resupply ship. After the departure of the Progress, Soyuz TM-31 undocked from the Zarya nadir port April 18 2001 at 1240 GMT and redocked with the Zvezda aft port at 1301 GMT, leaving clearance for the Raffaello MPLM module to be berthed at the Unity nadir during the STS-100 mission.

2001 March 21 - .
2001 May 6 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TM-31 - . Return Crew: Gidzenko; Krikalyov; Shepherd. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gidzenko; Krikalyov; Shepherd. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EP-1. On April 30 the crew of Soyuz TM-32 (Afanasyev, Kozeyev, Andre-Deshays) transferred their customized reentry seat liners to Soyuz TM-31, at which point TM-32 became the Station's rescue vehicle. After a six day stay, they undocked Soyuz TM-31 from Zvezda's -Y port at 02:21 GMT on May 6. The deorbit burn came at 04:47 GMT, with landing near Arkalyk in Kazakhstan at 05:41 GMT on May 6.

2005 February 4 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-6 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8; STS-114. Summary: The Expedition 10 crew turned its attention to the Space Shuttle's return to flight this week, spending several days pre-packing International Space Station items destined for return to Earth aboard Discovery.. Additional Details: here....

2005 April 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8; STS-114. Summary: Following their second spacewalk and nearing the end of a six-month flight, Expedition 10 crew members conducted science experiments, prepared for the arrival of their replacements and readied the Station for the first post-Columbia Shuttle mission.. Additional Details: here....

2005 April 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8. Summary: The current International Space Station crew began packing for home this week while the next Station crew completed a final review of plans before heading to the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, to prepare for launch.. Additional Details: here....

2005 April 14 - .
2005 April 15 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG Zh15000-014 / ISS-10S.
  • Soyuz TMA-6 - . Call Sign: Basalt. Crew: Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Return Crew: Krikalyov; Phillips; Olsen. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 216. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Vittori; Krikalyov; Phillips; Olsen. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8; ISS EO-10. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 179.02 days. Decay Date: 2005-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 28640 . COSPAR: 2005-013A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. The Soyuz TMA-6 docked with International Space Station's Pirs module at 02:20 GMT on April 17. Commander of the long-duration EO-11 crew was Russian cosmonaut Sergey Krikalyov. Flight engineer and science officer was American astronaut John Phillips. Italian Roberto Vittori accompanied the EO-10 crew aboard Soyuz TMA-6 to the station on the European Space Agency EP-8 Eneide mission.

2005 April 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8; STS-114. Summary: New residents arrived at the International Space Station tonight to begin a six-month mission and to prepare for the arrival of the first Space Shuttle crew to visit the complex since November 2002.. Additional Details: here....

2005 April 22 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8; STS-114. Summary: Aboard the International Space Station this week, one crew counted down its final days in space, headed toward a return to Earth on Sunday, while another crew began a six-month journey in orbit.. Additional Details: here....

2005 April 24 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8. After traveling more than 78 million miles aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 10 Commander and NASA ISS Science Officer Leroy Chiao and Flight Engineer Salizhan Sharipov returned to Earth today. With them was European Space Agency Astronaut Roberto Vittori, who had spent eight days aboard the orbiting complex doing research. Additional Details: here....

2005 April 29 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov; Krikalyov; Phillips; Vittori. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10; ISS EO-11; ISS EP-8; STS-114. Summary: The new crew members of the International Space Station completed their first full work week today as they conducted routine maintenance, continued to settle in and practiced photography to be used when the Space Shuttle returns to flight.. Additional Details: here....

2005 May 6 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Chiao; Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EO-10. Summary: Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips moved full speed ahead into their Expedition 11 maintenance and science work aboard the International Space Station during their third week in space. . Additional Details: here....

2005 May 13 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips continued routine maintenance and science experiments aboard the International Space Station this week as they wrapped up their first month in space. . Additional Details: here....

2005 May 20 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: The Expedition 11 crew, now into the second month of its stay on the International Space Station, had a varied week highlighted by repair of an exercise treadmill, tests of an oxygen supply and preparations for the Space Shuttle's Return to Flight. . Additional Details: here....

2005 May 27 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Collins, Eileen. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. The Expedition 11 crew entered its seventh week in space today, wrapping up a week highlighted by research, maintenance and training for photography tasks to be done during the Space Shuttle's Return to Flight mission in July. Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips spent several days conducting examinations of each other using an ultrasound device that provides data on the ability of crewmembers to conduct detailed medical exams in space. The experiment could have future applications for telemedicine or rural health care. Additional Details: here....

2005 June 3 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-28 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: A new capability was added to the operation of the International Space Station this week as a final round of tests to commission remote control of the Station's Canadarm2 robotic arm from the ground was completed. . Additional Details: here....

2005 June 10 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-29 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Aboard the International Space Station this week, the eleventh Expedition crew spent the latter part of its second month in space preparing for the arrival of new cargo as its commander quietly slipped into second place on the all-time human space endurance list. Additional Details: here....

2005 June 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-30 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: Carrying more than two tons of supplies, a Russian cargo spacecraft began a two-day trip to the International Space Station today after its launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. . Additional Details: here....

2005 June 17 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-31 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Summary: After a busy week of preparations, the Expedition 11 crew on the International Space Station is ready for Saturday's arrival of a Progress cargo craft bearing more than two tons of supplies and equipment. . Additional Details: here....

2005 June 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-32 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: An unpiloted Russian cargo ship linked up to the International Space Station today to deliver more than two tons of food, fuel, oxygen, water, supplies and spare parts. . Additional Details: here....

2005 June 24 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-33 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Summary: The International Space Station crew spent much of the week unpacking and using supplies from the newly docked Progress cargo craft. . Additional Details: here....

2005 July 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-34 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Summary: The residents of the International Space Station were informed today that they may welcome visitors arriving on a Space Shuttle in two weeks. . Additional Details: here....

2005 July 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-35 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: After a light duty three-day holiday weekend, the International Space Station Expedition 11 crew returned to work for a short, but intense week of science experiments, spacesuit preparations and packing for the upcoming Space Shuttle mission. . Additional Details: here....

2005 July 15 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-36 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Summary: The International Space Station Expedition 11 crew worked this week on final preparations for the arrival of the Space Shuttle Discovery on its STS-114 Return to Flight mission, now on hold. . Additional Details: here....

2005 July 19 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-37 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips left the International Space Station today for a short ride, relocating their Soyuz return craft from one docking port to another to free up a Russian airlock for a future spacewalk. . Additional Details: here....

2005 July 22 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-38 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips got ready this week for two upcoming Space Shuttle launches and a Space Station spacewalk, and supported two different continuing science investigations.. Additional Details: here....

2005 July 26 - .
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2005 July 30 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Collins, Eileen; Kelly; Noguchi; Robinson; Thomas, Andrew; Lawrence; Camarda. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Space Shuttle Discovery's heat protective tiles and thermal blankets have been pronounced fit for entry after engineers reviewed the imagery and other data to judge their health. Analysis remains on the reinforced carbon-carbon wing leading edges and the protruding gap fillers identified earlier. Aerodynamics experts are evaluating the effect on surface heating that the gap fillers may cause to decide whether any work is necessary to reduce their size. Additional Details: here....

2005 July 31 - .
2005 July 31 - .
2005 August 1 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Collins, Eileen; Kelly; Noguchi; Robinson; Thomas, Andrew; Lawrence; Camarda. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. STS-114 mission managers Monday gave the go-ahead for astronauts to remove two protruding gap fillers in Discovery's heat shield during a Wednesday space walk. Soichi Noguchi and Steve Robinson will attempt to simply pull the thin fabric fillers from between tiles in the forward area of the orbiter's underside. If the pull method is unsuccessful, the two will have tools to cut the material flush with the surface. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 1 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Kelly; Noguchi; Robinson; Thomas, Andrew; Lawrence. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Summary: The Space Shuttle Discovery and International Space Station crews will continue transferring equipment and supplies between the two vehicles today. They will also review updated tasks for the third planned spacewalk of the mission.. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 2 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Collins, Eileen; Kelly; Noguchi; Robinson; Thomas, Andrew; Lawrence. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Space Shuttle mission managers Tuesday cleared Discovery's wing leading edge heat shield for re-entry as they methodically deal with concerns over the protruding tile gap fillers. The mission management team also discussed a "puffed out" insulating blanket outside the commander's cockpit window and has decided it poses no risk of overheating during entry. Engineers will continue to analyze whether it could pose a debris problem if it came loose during aerodynamic flight. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 2 - .
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2005 August 3 - .
2005 August 4 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Collins, Eileen; Kelly; Noguchi; Robinson; Thomas, Andrew; Lawrence; Camarda. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Now in their eleventh day of the mission and with three successful spacewalks behind them, the STS-114 crew of Space Shuttle Discovery is slated to begin preparations for undocking and the final day with their International Space Station counterparts. Their activities for the day include final equipment transfers, stowage and return of the robotic arm, boom and cargo container to the Shuttle payload bay. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 4 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Collins, Eileen; Kelly; Noguchi; Robinson; Lawrence. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Space Shuttle Discovery's heat shield is cleared for the return to Earth early Monday after mission managers decided today that a fourth spacewalk to deal with a puffed out thermal blanket is unnecessary. Wind tunnel tests overnight at NASA's Ames Research Center in California showed little chance of any significant debris coming from the blanket at supersonic speeds. Further engineering analysis showed any debris released from the blanket was unlikely to hit structures on Discovery. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 5 - .
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2005 August 12 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-39 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: After saying goodbye to the visiting Space Shuttle Discovery Saturday, International Space Station Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA Science Officer John Phillips spent much of this week preparing for a spacewalk they will conduct next week.. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-40 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: More milestones met on the International Space Station this week, with the Expedition 11 crewmembers completing a spacewalk just days after the Commander became the most experienced space traveler in history.. Additional Details: here....

2005 August 19 - . 19:02 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-11-1 - . Crew: Krikalyov; Phillips. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.21 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Krikalyov and Phillips retrieved external exposure experiments (Biorisk, left on the Pirs module by the EO-11 crew seven months earlier; Micro-Particles Capturer and Space Environment Exposure Device on the Zarya module). On the Zvezda module they installed a backup television camerafor future use in docking the European Automated Transfer Vehicle. After checking and collecting other external experiments, they were 45 minutes behind timeline, and the planned relocation of a Strela cargo crane adapter from Zarya to the Unity node was cancelled.

2005 August 26 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-41 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: The residents of the International Space Station this week unloaded cargo delivered to them last month by Discovery's astronauts, prepared for the arrival of more supplies and repaired a key component of the outpost's environmental control system.. Additional Details: here....

2005 September 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-42 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: The International Space Station's Expedition 11 crewmembers completed 20 weeks in space this week and focused on an upcoming cargo ship exchange and computer software transition.. Additional Details: here....

2005 September 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-43 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. A new shipment of supplies is on its way to the International Space Station. The ISS Progress 19 resupply vehicle lifted off today from its launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, at 8:08 a.m. CDT (7:08 p.m. Baikonur time). Less than 10 minutes later, the cargo ship reached orbit, and its solar arrays and navigational antennas were deployed for its two-day trip to the orbital outpost. Additional Details: here....

2005 September 10 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-44 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Tokarev; McArthur. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EO-12. A 2-ton delivery arrived at the back door of the International Space Station today as an unpiloted Russian cargo ship linked up to the Zvezda module's docking port at 9:42 a.m. CDT, filled with supplies for Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips and spare parts for repair to some Station systems. Additional Details: here....

2005 September 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-45 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11. Summary: The installation of a replacement part for an oxygen-generating system, unpacking a recently arrived cargo carrier and the disassembly of a radiation-detection experiment highlighted this week's activities aboard the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

2005 September 30 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-46 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Tokarev; McArthur; Olsen. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EO-12. Summary: Preparations for arrival of the next crew of the space station, scientific activities and maintenance highlighted this week's activities aboard the orbiting laboratory.. Additional Details: here....

2005 September 30 - .
2005 October 3 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-48 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Tokarev; McArthur; Olsen. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EO-12. Summary: New residents arrived at the international space station this morning to begin a six-month mission that will carry them through the new year into next spring.. Additional Details: here....

2005 October 7 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-49 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Tokarev; McArthur; Olsen. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EO-12. Following the docking of the Soyuz spacecraft early Monday morning, the space station is now home to a new crew. Expedition 12 Commander Bill McArthur and Flight Engineer Valery Tokarev, joined by spaceflight participant Gregory Olsen, spent the week on board with the Expedition 11 crew performing handover and transfer activities. Additional Details: here....

2005 October 10 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-50 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov; Phillips; Tokarev; McArthur; Olsen. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; ISS EO-12. After traveling 75 million miles during six months on the international space station, Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer John Phillips returned to Earth today. With them was American Greg Olsen, who spent eight days on the station under a commercial agreement with the Russian Federal Space Agency. Additional Details: here....

2005 October 11 - . 01:09 GMT - .
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