Encyclopedia Astronautica
Johnson, Gregory H



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Johnson Gregory H
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Johnson, Gregory Harold 'Box' (1962-) British-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-123, STS-134. Flew 34 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Gregory H. Johnson (Major, USAF)
NASA Astronaut Candidate (Pilot)

PERSONAL DATA:
Born on May 12, 1962 in Upper Ruislip, Middlesex, United Kingdom. Married to the former Cari M. Harbaugh of Lubbock, Texas. They have three children: Matthew, Joseph and Rachel. Recreational interests include traveling, biking, golfing, music, and woodworking. His parents, Harold C. and Marion F. Johnson, reside in Traverse City, Michigan. Cari's mother, Beverly S. Harbaugh, resides in Lubbock, Texas. Her father and stepmother, George R. and Arlene Harbaugh, also reside in Lubbock, Texas.

EDUCATION:
Fairborn High School, Fairborn, Ohio, 1980.
B.S., Aeronautical Engineering, United States Air Force Academy, 1984.
M.S., Flight Structure Engineering, Columbia University, 1985.

SPECIAL HONORS:
1996 Lieutenant General Bobby Bond Award – Top USAF test pilot, Distinguished Graduate USAF Test Pilot School Class 94A, Onizuka "Prop Wash" Award (94A), 1985 Guggenheim Fellowship to Columbia University, Distinguished Graduate with Honors – USAF Academy Class of 1984, Valedictorian – Park Hills High School Class of 1980, Eagle Scout. Military decorations include Distinguished Flying Cross, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medals (4), Aerial Achievement Medals (3), Air Force Commendation Medal, Air Force Achievement Medals (2), and various others.

EXPERIENCE:
Johnson received his commission from the United States Air Force Academy in May 1984 and was designated an Air Force pilot in May 1986 at Reese Air Force Base, Texas. He was retained as a T-38A instructor pilot at Reese until 1989, when he was selected for an F-15E Eagle assignment. In March 1990, he reported to the 461st F-15E Replacement Training Unit at Luke Air Force Base, Phoenix, Arizona for initial F-15E training. After completion, he was assigned to the 335th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Wing at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina. Immediately after he was designated "mission ready" in December 1990, Johnson deployed to Al Kharj, Saudi Arabia, flying 34 combat missions in support of OPERATION DESERT STORM. In December 1992, he was again deployed to Saudi Arabia for three months, flying an additional 27 combat missions in support of OPERATION SOUTHERN WATCH. In 1993, he was selected for Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where he graduated in December 1994. After graduation, he was assigned to the 445th Flight Test Squadron at Edwards, where he was a project test pilot, F-15C/E and T-38 instructor/evaluator, program manager, and assistant operations officer. In August 1997, he was assigned to Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, to attend Air Command and Staff College in residence. Just prior to graduation in June 1998, Johnson learned of his selection for astronaut training.

He has logged over 2,700 flight hours in more than 30 different aircraft.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Selected by NASA in June 1998, he reported for training in August 1998. Astronaut Candidate Training includes orientation briefings and tours, numerous scientific and technical briefings, intensive instruction in Shuttle and International Space Station systems, physiological training and ground school to prepare for T-38 flight training, as well as learning water and wilderness survival techniques. Following a period of training and evaluation, Johnson will receive technical assignments within the Astronaut Office before being assigned to a space flight.

OCTOBER 1998

Birth Place: British, Middlesex.
Status: Active.
Born: 1962.05.12.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 31.49 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 17 - 1998 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Penguins. Originally called the Dodos by the Sardines, after an extinct flightless bird; they renamed themselves after a flightless bird that eats fish... More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-123 Crew: Gorie, Johnson Gregory H, Linnehan, Behnken, Foreman, Doi. ISS assembly mission. Delivered to the ISS and installed the Kibo Japanese Experiment Logistics Module - Pressurized Section (ELM-PS) and the Spacelab Pallet - Deployable 1 (SLP-D1) with the Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (Dextre). More...
  • STS-134 Last ISS assembly mission and last flight of shuttle Endeavour. Crew: Kelly, Mark; Johnson, Gregory; Fincke; Chamitoff; Feustel; Vittori. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USAF American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. United States Air Force, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Johnson, Gregory H Chronology


1985 July 19 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 17 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Clayton; Archambault; Caldwell; Chamitoff; Creamer; Ferguson; Foreman; Fossum; Ham; Hilliard; Johnson, Gregory C; Johnson, Gregory H; Love; Melvin; Morgan; Nespoli; Oefelein; Olivas; Patrick; Poindexter; Pontes; Reisman; Swanson; Vittori. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Of 25 Americans, eight pilots and 17 mission specialists.


2008 February 16 - .
2008 February 27 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/27/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Doi; Eyharts; Foreman; Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Linnehan; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; STS-122; STS-123. Upon wakeup, FE--2 Eyharts performed the last sampling of his first session with the NASA/JSC experiment NUTRITION w/Repository, collecting a final urine sample for storage in the MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS).

    The sampling kit was then stowed away. Leo's next NUTRITION/Repository activity will be his Flight Day 30 (FD30) session. (The current NUTRITION project is the most comprehensive in-flight study done by NASA to date of human physiologic changes during long-duration space flight. It includes measures of bone metabolism, oxidative damage, nutritional assessments, and hormonal changes, expanding the previous Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile (MR016L) testing in three ways: Addition of in-flight blood & urine collection (made possible by MELFI), normative markers of nutritional assessment, and a return session plus 30-day (R+30) session to allow evaluation of post-flight nutrition and implications for rehabilitation.) Additional Details: here....


2008 February 28 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/28/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Doi; Eyharts; Foreman; Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Linnehan; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; STS-122; STS-123. For the purpose of testing the main TORU (Teleoperator Control System) receiver on Progress M-63/28P, FE-1 Malenchenko and CDR Whitson worked with ground specialists via VHF on DO3 (Daily Orbit 3) in the standard vehicle-to-vehicle TORU checkout between the Service Module (SM) and the docked Progress 28P.

    Progress thrusters (DPO) were inhibited and not involved. (Crew activities focused on TORU activation, inputting commands via the RUO Rotational Hand Controller and close-out ops. TORU lets an SM-based crewmember perform the approach and docking of automated Progress vehicles in case of failure of the automated KURS system. Receiving a video image of the approaching ISS, as seen from a Progress-mounted docking television camera ('Klest'), on a color monitor ('Simvol-Ts', i.e. 'symbol center') which also displays an overlay of rendezvous data from the onboard digital computer, the crewmember steers the Progress to mechanical contact by means of two hand controllers, one for rotation (RUO), the other for translation (RUD), on adjustable armrests. The controller-generated commands are transmitted from the SM's TORU control panel to the Progress via VHF radio. In addition to the Simvol-Ts color monitor, range, range rate (approach velocity) and relative angular position data are displayed on the 'Klest-M' video monitor (VKU) which starts picking up signals from Progress when it is still approximately 7 km away. TORU is monitored in real time from TsUP over Russian ground sites (RGS) and via Ku-band from Houston, but its control cannot be taken over from the ground.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 11 - .
2008 March 11 - .
2008 March 11 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/11/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Eyharts; Foreman; Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Linnehan; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; STS-122; STS-123. Crew wake/sleep cycle today: wake-up 2:00am; sleep 12:00noon (4-hr 'nap'); wake-up 4:00pm - 6:30am (tomorrow).

    STS-123/Endeavour (ISS-1J/A) lifted off spectacularly in darkness early this morning right on time (2:28am EDT) with all systems performing nominally, for rendezvous with ISS tomorrow (3/12, Wednesday) and docking at approximately 11:25pm EDT. The Orbiter is carrying the seven-member crew of Commander Dominic L. Gorie, Pilot Gregory H. Johnson and Mission Specialists Richard M. Linnehan, Robert L. Behnken, Michael J. Foreman, Takao Doi and Garrett E. Reisman. Reisman will replace LĂ(c)opold Eyharts as ISS Flight Engineer 2, who returns on 3/26 (nominal) with STS-123. STS-123 is the 122nd space shuttle flight, the 21st flight for Endeavour, the 25th flight to the station and the second of six Shuttle flights planned for 2008 (including the Hubble Service Mission 4). Its primary payloads are the 18,490-lbs Japanese Experiment Logistics Module-Pressurized Section (ELM-PS or JLP) and the 3,400-lbs Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) 'Dextre'. We are off to another great mission! Additional Details: here....


2008 March 11 - . 06:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-123.
  • STS-123 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Behnken; Foreman; Linnehan; Doi; Reisman. Payload: Endeavour F21 / Dextre, Kibo ELM-PS. Mass: 118,950 kg (262,230 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Behnken; Foreman; Linnehan; Doi; Reisman. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-123; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-16-2. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.76 days. Decay Date: 2008-03-27 00:40:41 . USAF Sat Cat: 32699 . COSPAR: 2008-009A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Endeavour's main task was delivery of the Canadian Dextre robotic manipulator (fitted to the end of the Canadarm-2 robotic arm already installed on the station) and the Japanese Kibo ELM-PS Experiment Logistics Module - Pressurized. It also brought astronaut Reisman to the station, replacing Eyharts on the long-duration crew. The orbiter was placed in an initial 58 km x 220 km orbit at main engine shutdown, adjusted by the OMS-2 firing 38 minutes later to a 220 km x 233 km chase orbit. On 13 March the shuttle docked with the PMA-2 port of the International Space Station at 03:49 GMT. Mission accomplished, Endeavour undocked at 00:25 GMT on March 25, completed the customary ISS flyaround at 01:36 GMT, deorbited at 23:33 GMT the next day, and landed at 00:39 GMT at Kennedy Space Center.

2008 March 12 - .
2008 March 13 - .
2008 March 13 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/13/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Doi; Eyharts; Foreman; Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Linnehan; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; STS-123. Crew sleep cycle today: sleep 8:00am -4:30pm; wake 4:30pm -8:00am tomorrow.

    STS-123/Endeavour docked smoothly last night at 11:49pm EDT at the PMA-2 (Pressurized Mating Adapter-2) port, 24 minutes behind schedule (due to loss of target lock by the CW {Continuous Wave} laser of the Shuttle's TCS {Trajectory Control Sensor} during the manual rendezvous phase, requiring manual lock re-acquisition). The RPM (R-Bar Pitch Maneuver) started at 10:26pm and was successfully completed at 10:34pm, with Whitson and Malenchenko taking 200-300 close-up photographs of Endeavour's bottom heatshield. The station now hosts ten occupants again as Mission 1J/A is underway. (At the point of docking, Peggy Whitson rang the traditional ship's bell and announced 'Endeavour landed!' The combined crew is comprised of ISS CDR Whitson, FE-1 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2 LĂ(c)opold Eyharts, STS CDR Dominic Gorie, PLT Gregory Johnson, MS1 Robert Behnken, MS2 Mike Foreman, MS3 Takao Doi (Japan), MS4 Rick Linnehan, and MS5/FE-2-16 Garrett Reisman who replaces Eyharts as FE-2, as the latter returns on the Endeavour as MS-5.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 14 - .
2008 March 14 - .
2008 March 17 - .
2008 March 18 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/18/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Doi; Eyharts; Foreman; Johnson, Gregory H; Linnehan; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; STS-123. STS-123-1J/A Flight Day (FD) 8/9.

    Crew sleep cycle today: Sleep 6:00am -2:30pm; wake 2:30pm -6:00am tomorrow.

    EVA-3 was completed successfully by Rick Linnehan and Bob Behnken in 6h 53m, accomplishing most of its objectives.
    (During the spacewalk, Linnehan (EV1) & Behnken (EV2) -

    Installed the OTP (ORU {On-Orbit Replaceable Unit} Temporary Platform) and THA (Tool Holder Assembly) on the SPDM (Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator),
    Removed MLI (Multi-Layered Insulation) thermal blankets,
    Installed the CLPA (Camera, Light & Pan/Tilt Assembly) on the SPDM,
    Cleaned up & configured the SLP (Spacelab Pallet) for return (to be transferred with the SSRMS (Space Station Remote Manipulator System) from the POA (Payload ORU Attachment) to the Orbiter PLB (Payload Bay) tomorrow evening (FD9)),
    Transferred the spare SSRMS yaw joint from the PLB to stowage on the ESP-2 (External Stowage Platform 2),
    Transferred two spare DCSUs (Direct Current Switching Units) from the PLB to stowage on the ESP-2,
    Transferred the LWAPA (Light Weight Adapter Plate Assembly) for installation on the Columbus EPF (External Payload Facility) and prepared for the installation of two MISSE-6 (Materials International Space Station Experiment) payloads,
    Removed the MCAS EBCS (Mobil Common Attachment System External Berthing Camera System) cover flap as a get-ahead, and
    Stowed the JLP (JEM Experiment Logistics Module Pressurized Section) trunnion covers on a handrail for future installation.
    Tasks not completed: Additional Details: here....


2008 March 18 - .
2008 March 18 - .
2008 March 21 - .
  • STS-123 MCC Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Doi; Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-123; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3. Summary: The crew will take another look at space shuttle Endeavour's heat shield today using the Orbiter Boom Sensor System, which will be stowed on the exterior of the International Space Station during tomorrow's fifth and final planned spacewalk of the mission. Additional Details: here....

2008 March 23 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/23/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Behnken; Eyharts; Foreman; Johnson, Gregory H; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; STS-122; STS-123; STS-124. Sunday - J/A Flight Day (FD) 13/14.

    Ahead: Week 23 of Increment 16. HAPPY EASTER! Congratulations, Shuttle & ISS crews: Five EVAs in a row, all successful. What a great Easter gift!

    >>>>Today at ~7:43am EDT, the ISS, specifically its FGB module, completed 53,500 orbits of the Earth, having covered a distance of 2.25 billion kilometers (1.4 billion st.miles) in 3411 days. The 19,300 kg (42,600 lbs) Zarya ('Dawn') was launched on a Russian/Khrunichev Proton from Baikonur over nine years ago (11/20/1998) as the first element of the multi-national space station.<<<< Additional Details: here....


2008 March 24 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/24/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Foreman; Gorie; Johnson, Gregory H; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EO-16-3; STS-123. STS-123-J/A Flight Day (FD) 14/15.

    Underway: Week 23 of Increment 16. (Yesterday, 3/23, was the birthday of Wernher von Braun who would have turned 96.)

    ISS crew sleep/wake cycle today: Sleep 3:15am -11:45am; wake 11:45am -11:00pm.

    After wakeup yesterday, FE-2-16 Reisman had his third session with the biomed experiment INTEGRATED IMMUNE (Validating Procedures for Monitoring Crew member Immune Function), collecting dry saliva samples. (INTEGRATED IMMUNE protocol requires the collection to occur first thing post-sleep, before eating, drinking and brushing teeth, and all samples are stored at ambient temperature. Along with NUTRITION (Nutritional Status Assessment), IMMUNE samples & analyzes participant's blood, urine, and saliva before, during and after flight for changes related to functions like bone metabolism, oxidative damage and immune function to develop and validate an immune monitoring strategy consistent with operational flight requirements and constraints. The strategy uses both long and short duration crewmembers as study subjects. The saliva is collected in two forms, dry and liquid. The dry samples are collected at intervals during the collection day using a specialized book that contains filter paper, all stored at ambient temperature.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 24 - .
2008 March 24 - .
2008 March 25 - .
2008 March 25 - .
2008 March 26 - .
2008 March 26 - .
2008 March 27 - . 00:39 GMT - .
2011 May 16 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Shuttle s/n OV105 / ET s/n ET-122 / RSRM-113.
  • STS-134 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Kelly, Mark; Johnson, Gregory H; Fincke; Chamitoff; Feustel; Vittori. Payload: Endeavour F25 / ELC-3 / AMS-02. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.74 days. Decay Date: 2011-06-01 . COSPAR: 2011-020A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Final space station assembly mission. Also delivered spare parts. Endeavour docked with the Station at 10:14 GMT on 18 May. The ELC-3 carrier was unberthed from the shuttle at 13:27 GMT and installed on the Station's truss at 16:09 GMT. The AMS-02 Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer was unberthed at 06:59 GMT on 19 May and bolted to the Station's S3 truss at 09:46 GMT. Cargo Bay Manifest:
    • External Airlock/ODS: 1800 kg
    • EMU spacesuits 3004, 3018: 260
    • RMS arm 201: 410 kg
    • Orbiter Boom Sensor System: 382 kg
    • Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (particle detector to search for antimatter): 6917
    • STORRM (lidar to test rendezvous and docking technology for the Orion spacecraft): 17 kg
    • PPSU-2 electronics box: 17 kg
    • SPDU: 17 kg kg
    • ROEU 755 umbilical for ELC-3: 90 kg
    • ROEU 751 umbilical for AMS-02: 78 kg
    • MISSE carriers (3): 171 kg
    • MISSE 8 experiment (studies the effect of exposing various materials to space): 45 kg
    • Express Logistics Carrier:
      • ELC-3 plus support hardware: 3207 kg
      • Cargo Transport Container: 476 kg
      • SASA-2R S-band antenna: 116 kg
      • SASA-3R S-band antenna: 116 kg
      • SPDM Arm 3/OCTM: 342 kg
      • SPDM support hardware: 269 kg
      • HPGA oxygen tank: 552 kg
      • ATA-2 ammonia tank: 772 kg
      • STP-H3 experiment package (set of US DoD Space Test Program experiments, including thermal control systems and space environment sensors): 500 kg
    • Total Payload: 16,554 kg

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