Encyclopedia Astronautica
Index


Abbey.
  • Abbey, George Washington Sherman (1932-) American engineer, headed NASA space shuttle operations and astronaut selection 1976-2003; focus of tremendous staff demoralization. For some reason beloved by upper management, surviving both Challenger and Columbia disasters.

Abbott.

  • Abbott, Ira H (1906-1988) American aerodynamicist, at NASA 1929-1962; supervised the X-15, supersonic transport, nuclear rocket, and advanced reentry programs.

Abrahamson.

  • Abrahamson, James Alan 'Abe' (1933-) American pilot astronaut, 1967-1969. Later Director of the Strategic Defense Initiative

Abramov, Anatoli.

  • Abramov, Anatoli Petrovich (1919-1998) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1966-1980 of Korolev design bureau. Specialised in launch complexes.

Acaba.

  • Acaba, Joseph Michael (1967-) Hispanic-American geologist mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Ackley.

  • Ackley, Robert N 'Bob' (1908-1972) American engineer. Head of Atlas missile testing in the earliest part of the program Ackley, son of a violin repairman, was head of Atlas missile testing in the earliest part of the program.

Acton.

  • Acton, Dr Loren Wilber (1936-) American solar physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F.

Adamchuk.

  • Adamchuk, Nadezhda Ivanyeva (1970-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996. Botanist.

Adams.

  • Adams, Michael James 'Mike' (1930-1967) American test pilot astronaut. Died in crash of X-15 Flight 191 when spacecraft went out of control during reentry.

Adamson.

  • Adamson, James Craig 'Jim' (1946-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-28, STS-43. US Army

Adasko.

  • Adasko, Vladimir Iosifiyanovich (1933-1963) Russian engineer. Talented engineer of electro-mechanical systems. Director of VNIIEM, All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Electromechanics in 1991-1993.

Afanasyev.

  • Afanasyev, Viktor Mikhailovich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-8, Mir EO-15, Mir EO-27, ISS EP-2. 555 cumulative days in space. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred toTsPK, 1987. Call sign: Derbent (Derbent - Russian city)

Afanasyev, Sergei.

  • Afanasyev, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1918-) Russian politician. First Minister of General Machine Building, in charge of the Soviet ballistic rocket and space industries, from 1965-1983.

Agadzhanov.

  • Agadzhanov, Pavel Artemyevich (1923-) Russian officer. Deputy Chief for Scientific Research at Central KIK Tracking Centre, 1957-1971.

Agaltsov.

  • Agaltsov, Fillip Aleksandrovich (1900-1980) Russian officer. Air Force Deputy Commander-in-Chief 1958-1962. Directed the first selection of cosmonauts.

Agnew.

  • Agnew, Spiro T (1918-1996) American politician. Vice President of the United States, 1968-1973.

Aimbetov.

  • Aimbetov, Aydyn Akanovich (1972-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on.

Akbar.

  • Akbar, Taufik (1951-) Indonesian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Akers.

  • Akers, Thomas Dale 'Tom' (1951-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-49, STS-61, STS-79.

Akiyama.

  • Akiyama, Tohiro (1942-) Japanese journalist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Kosmoreporter. First Japanese to fly in space.

Aksyonov.

  • Aksyonov, Vladimir Viktorovich (1935-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 22, Salyut 6 EP-6.

Aksyutin.

  • Aksyutin, Boris Rodionovich Russian Chief Designer of the Central Design Bureau for Heavy Machine Industry, TsKB TM, 1977-1988; designed much of the pneumatic and hydraulic equipment for launch pads and silos. From 1969, lead designer for silo-mounted command points.

Akunin.

  • Akunin, Vyacheslav Glebunivich (1928-1997) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Deputy Commander of Logistics for the Soviet Space Forces 1981-1986.

Al-Bassam.

  • Al-Bassam, Abdul Moshin Hamad (1948-) Saudi Air Force pilot, alternate payload specialist to Al-Saud for STS-51G in April 1985. Graduated from King Faisal Air Academy, Riyadh. RSAF attache at the Saudi embassy in London.

Albring.

  • Albring, Werner (1914-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter.

Aldrich.

  • Aldrich, Rick American Engineer. White Knight crew chief.

Aldridge.

  • Aldridge, Edward Cleveland Jr 'Pete' (1938-) American politician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Aldrin.

  • Aldrin, Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 12, Apollo 11. Second person on the moon.

Aleksandrov.

  • Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Pavlovich (1943-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-2, Soyuz TM-3.

Aleksandrov, Aleksandr.

  • Aleksandrov, Aleksandr Panayotov 'Sasha' (1951-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2. Graduated from Air Force Academy, 1974. Candidate of technical sciences degree, 1983. Lieutenant Colonel, Bulgarian Air Force.

Aleksandrov, Anatoliy.

  • Aleksandrov, Anatoliy Petrovich (1903-1994) Russian scientist. President, Academy of Sciences, 1980-1986.

Alekseyev.

  • Alekseyev, Vladimir Borisovich (1933-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983.

Alekseyev, Eduard.

  • Alekseyev, Eduard Vikotorovich (1935-) Russian officer. Chief of 50 TsNII KS (50th Central Scientific Research Institute for Space Systems of the Space Forces) from 1988 to 1992.

Alekseyev, Nikolai.

  • Alekseyev, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1914-1980) Russian officer. Marshal of Communications Forces, 1970; Deputy Minister of Defence for Armaments 1970-1980.

Alekseyev, Semyon.

  • Alekseyev, Semyon Mikhailovich (1909-) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1952-1973 of OKB Zvezda. Specialised in design of spacesuits and airlocks.

Aliyev.

  • Aliyev, Ravshanbek (1962-) Kyrgyzstani pilot cosmonaut, 1996-2001. Kirgiz guest cosmonaut mission cancelled. Aliyev had been a Soviet military officer in charge of a transport squadron of the Transbaikal military district.

Allen.

  • Allen, Joseph Percival IV 'Joe' (1937-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-5, STS-51-A.

Allen, Andy.

  • Allen, Andrew Michael 'Andy' (1955-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-46, STS-62, STS-75. US Marine Corps

Allison.

  • Allison, Rhea Hurrle nee Woltman (1928-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Alpaidze.

  • Alpaidze, Galaktion Yeliseyevich (1916-) Georgian-Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Chief of the Plesetsk launch centre, 1963-1975.

Al-Saud.

  • Al-Saud, Sultan Salman Abdel-aziz (1956-) Saudi prince, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. First Arab in space.

Altman.

  • Altman, Scott Douglas 'Scooter' (1959-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-106, STS-109, STS-125.

Amelkina.

  • Amelkina, Dr Galina Vasilyevna (1954-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1983.

Ames.

  • Ames, Milton B (1913-1992) American engineer, at NASA in leadership positions, 1936-1972.

Ames, Charles.

  • Ames, Charles Stuart 'Charlie' (1915-1988) American engineer, son of an iron works machinist, Project Engineer on the MX-774 and early Atlas programs. He was remembered as rock-solid, smart, practical, able to obtain the best designs by trading off inter-departmental concepts.

Ananoff.

  • Ananoff, Alexandre Franco-Russian aerospace and science writer who published the encylopedic L'Astronautique in March 1950. A leading advocate for spaceflight in France and also instrumental in the founding of the International Astronautical Federation.

Anders.

  • Anders, William Alison 'Bill' (1933-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 8. Member of first crew to orbit the moon.

Anderson.

  • Anderson, Michael Phillip (1959-2003) African-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-89, STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Anderson, Clayton.

  • Anderson, Clayton Conrad (1959-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-15-1, STS-131.

Anderson, Lloyd.

  • Anderson, Lloyd Lynn Jr (1952-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1989.

Anderson, Robert.

  • Anderson, Robert American engineer. President of Rockwell International during development of the space shuttle.

Andreas.

  • Andreas, Gunter German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot.

Andre-Deshays.

  • Haignere, Claudie nee Andre-Deshays (1957-) French biologist cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Cassiopee, ISS EP-2. Biologist, first French female astronaut. Was married to astronaut Jean-PIerre Haignere.

Andreyev.

  • Andreyev, Boris Dmitriyevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1983. Off flight roster for medical reasons. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB

Andropov, Dmitri.

  • Andropov, Dmitri Grigoryevich (1932-) Russian officer. Chief of the Directorate for the Main Direction of Forces of NKS Space Forces from 1987 to 1989.

Andryushkov.

  • Andryushkov, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1947-2007) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992.

Angele.

  • Angele, Wilhelm (1905-1996) German-American engineer. Avid amateur astronomer, control specialist in von Braun's Rocket Team. Became Head of Pilot Manufacturing Development Branch, Guidance and Control Division, Huntsville.

Anikeyev.

  • Anikeyev, Ivan Nikolayevich (1933-1992) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Left with Filatyev and Nelyubov after alcohol incident. After discharge, again served as Air Force pilot and then navigation officer for ground control services of the Soviet Air Force.

Anisimov.

  • Anisimov, Dmitri Ivanovich (1931-) Russian officer. Major-General, Deputy Chief of 53-NIIP-MO for research, test, and scientific work 1974-1985.

Anokhin.

  • Anokhin, Sergei Nikolayevich (1910-1986) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1966-1968.

Ansari.

  • Ansari, Anousheh nee Raissyan (1966-) Iranian-American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-11. First female space tourist. First Iranian in space.

Anshakov.

  • Anshakov, Gennadiy Petrovich (1937-) Russian engineer. Designer of automated information systems for spacecraft, General Designer at TsKB Progress.

Antonelli.

  • Antonelli, Dominic Anthony 'Tony' (1967-) American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on.

Apel.

  • Apel, Erich (1917-1965) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter.

Apt.

  • Apt, Dr Jerome J III 'Jay' (1949-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79.

Apt, Milburn.

  • Apt, Milburn (1924-1956) Jewish-American test pilot, killed in 1956 air catastrophe with X-2 # 1.

Archambault.

  • Archambault, Lee Joseph 'Bru' (1960-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-117, STS-119. Grew up in Bellwood, Illinois. Flew 22 combat missions in F-117s during the Gulf War.

Ardenne.

  • Ardenne, Manfred Baron von (1907-1997) German Professor. Atomic physicist; worked in the Soviet Union after World War II.

Armor.

  • Armor, James Burton Jr (1950-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1985.

Armstrong.

  • Armstrong, Neil Alden (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 11. First person to step onto the moon. Member of first crew to dock in space.

Arnold.

  • Arnold, Henry H 'Hap' (1886-1950) American officer. Commander of the Army Air Forces in WW2

Arnold, Ricky.

  • Arnold, Richard Robert II 'Ricky' (1963-) American teacher mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Artemyev.

  • Artemyev, Oleg Germanovich (1970-) Latvian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on.

Artsebarsky.

  • Artsebarsky, Anatoli Pavlovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-9.

Artyukhin.

  • Artyukhin, Yuri Petrovich (1930-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 14. Member of first military space station mission.

Arzamazov.

  • Arzamazov, Dr Gherman Semyonovich (1946-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1995. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems.

Ashby.

  • Ashby, Jeffrey Shears 'Bones' (1954-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-93, STS-100, STS-112. Grew up near Evergreen, Colorado. Flew 33 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm.

Asimov.

  • Asimov, Isaac (1920-1992) Jewish-American writer. Writer of science fiction and popular science.

Atkov.

  • Atkov, Dr Oleg Yuryevich (1949-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3.

Atwood.

  • Atwood, W Leland 'Lee' (1904-1999) Chief Engineer at North American Aviation, 1948-1971. Supervised development of Navaho, X-15, XB-70, Apollo, and Space Shuttle. Fought indifference of the CEO to spaceflight, made the company preeminent in rocket engines, manned spaecraft.

Aubakirov.

  • Aubakirov, Toktar Ongarbaevich (1946-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Kazakh astronaut.

Aufderhaar.

  • Aufderhaar, Grant Clifford (1948-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Augustine.

  • Augustine, Norman R (1935-) American engineer. Chairman and CEO of the Martin Marietta Corporation in the 1980s.

Aulehner.

  • Aulehner, Sebastian (1918-) German Engineer. Worked at Peenemuende and at the Zentralwerk.

Aunon.

  • Auñón, Serena Maria (1976-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Avdeyev.

  • Avdeyev, Sergei Vasilyevich (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-12, Mir EO-20, Mir EO-26/-27. 747 cumulative days in space. Ten spacewalks. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Avduyevskiy.

  • Avduyevskiy, Vsevolod Sergeyevich (1920-) Russian scientist. First Deputy Director of TsNIIMash 1973-1987. Scientist at NII-1 1953-1973.

Axster.

  • Axster, Herbert Felix (1899-1991) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Axthelm.

  • Axthelm, Walter von (1907-) German Officer. Major general of the Flak Troops.

Aymakhanov.

  • Aymakhanov, Mukhtar Rabatovich (1967-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on.

Babakin.

  • Babakin, Georgi Nikolayevich (1914-1971) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of Lavochkin design bureau, 1965-1971.

Baberdin.

  • Baberdin, Valeri Vasiliyevich (1948-2003) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992.

Babiak.

  • Babiak, Martin (1959-) Slovak pilot cosmonaut, 1998-1999. As of January 2001 Babiak was a Colonel of the Slovak Air Force, studying at the Air War College in Alabama, USA.

Babiychuk.

  • Babiychuk, Aleksandr Nikolayevich Russian officer. Chief, Biomedical Service, of Air Force in early 1960's. Oversaw the early Vostok missions.

Babkin.

  • Babkin, Andrei Nikolayevich (1969-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2010-on.

Bachem.

  • Bachem, Dipl-Ing Erich (1906-1960) German sailplane designer, co-designer of the Fiesler Fi-156 Storch, with von Braun of the Fi-166 rocket fighter. Founded own company in 1942 and developed Natter rocket interceptor. Post-war co-designer of the popular Hymer camper.

Bachmann.

  • Bachmann German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA as head of the internal instrumentation group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Bachurin.

  • Bachurin, Ivan Ivanovich (1942-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1992.

Badgley.

  • Badgley, Peter (1925-) American scientist. NASA Chief of the Earth Resources Survey Program and Chief of Advanced Missions, Manned Space Science Program, in the 1960's.

Bagian.

  • Bagian, Dr James Philip 'Jim' (1952-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-29, STS-40.

Bailey.

  • Bailey, Palmer Kent (1947-) American geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992.

Baker.

  • Baker, Ellen Louise Shulman (1953-) Jewish-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-34, STS-50, STS-71. Physician.

Baker, Mike.

  • Baker, Michael Allen 'Mike' (1953-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-43, STS-52, STS-68, STS-81.

Bakhchivangi.

  • Bakhchivangi, Grigori Yakovlevich (1908-1943) Russian test pilot, 1935-1943. Set 1943 world speed record in BI-1 rocketplane, but killed when it crashed.

Baklanov.

  • Baklanov, Oleg Dmitriyevich (1932-) Russian politician. Minister of General Machine Building 1983-1988.

Balandin.

  • Balandin, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Flew on Mir EO-6. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons and returned to NPO Energia until departing in 1994. Then President of Lendint-Association until 2000.

Ball.

  • Ball, Erich K A (1901-1990) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Balmont.

  • Balmont, Boris Vladimirovich (1927-) Russian politician. First Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1976-1981. Chief of Chief Directorate of Ministry of General Machine Building 1965-1973.

Barclay.

  • Barclay, John A (1909-1983) American officer. Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency from 1958

Barkowski.

  • Barkowski, Werner German expert in production of A-4 and V-1 missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Berlin.

Barmin.

  • Barmin, Vladimir Pavlovich (1909-1993) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1993 of GSKB SpetsMash; pre-eminent Soviet designer of rocket launch complexes.

Barmin, I V.

  • Barmin, Igor Vladimirovich Russian engineer. Head and Chief Designer of the Barmin KBOM after the death of his father in 1993. Designed mobile and fixed launchers for missiles and space boosters.

Barnes.

  • Barnes, Richard JH American diplomat. Director of the International Affairs Division of the Office of External Relations at NASA in the 1980s. He had been a long-time NASA official, first coming to the agency in 1961 to work in international programs.

Barnes, Pancho.

  • Barnes, Florence Lowe 'Pancho' (1901-1975) American pioneering aviatrix, from 1928 a barnstormer, air racer, Hollywood stunt flier; pioneered new air routes into Mexico. Opened a desert flying dude ranch in the 1930's, later a legendary watering hole for Edwards AFB test pilots.

Barratt.

  • Barratt, Michael Reed (1959-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on.

Barre.

  • Barre, Jean-Jacques (1901-1978) French rocket pioneer and space visionary, who developed the EA-1941 rocket in France before work was interrupted by WW2. His work continued after the war, but was eclipsed and finally replaced rockets based on German technology.

Barrett.

  • Barrett, Barbara McConnell (1950-) American space tourist, 2009-on.

Barry.

  • Barry, Dr Daniel Thomas (1953-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-96, STS-105.

Bartoe.

  • Bartoe, Dr John David Francis (1944-) American astrophysicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F.

Baryshev.

  • Baryshev, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1913-1992) Russian engineer. Designer of automated check-out and launch systems. Deputy General Designer and Chief of Filial 2 of TsKB Mashinostroenniye.

Bassett.

  • Bassett, Charles Arthur II 'Charlie' (1931-1966) American test pilot astronaut, 1963-1966. Died in crash of T-38 trainer into the McDonnell Aircraft plant.

Batalli-Cosmovici.

  • Batalli Cosmovici, Cristiano (1943-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992.

Baturin.

  • Baturin, Yuri Mikhailovich (1949-) Jewish-Russian engineer cosmonaut 1997-2009. Flew on Mir EP-4, ISS EP-1.

Baudry.

  • Baudry, Patrick Pierre Roger (1946-) French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist.

Baum, Werner.

  • Baum, Werner (1918-) German engineer, member of Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952 as Deputy of the Chief and Technical Designer; Dept. 61.

Bauschinger.

  • Bauschinger, Oscar (1911-1989) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Bayer, F.

  • Bayer, F German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the armature group at LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1985. Remained in Vernon.

Bean.

  • Bean, Alan LaVerne 'Al' (1932-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 12, Skylab 3. Fourth person to walk on the moon.

Bechis.

  • Bechis, Kenneth Paul (1949-) American astrophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1990.

Beck.

  • Beck, Georg (1901-1943) German Professor. Dresden rocket engine scientist.

Beckman.

  • Beckman, Arnold O (1900-2004) American engineer, inventor and manufacturer of various analytical instruments.

Beduerftig.

  • Beduerftig, Hermann F (1903-1973) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Beggs.

  • Beggs, James E (1926-) American engineer, served in various government and aerospace industry management positions. NASA Administrator 1981-1985.

Behnke.

  • Behnke (-1973) German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the metrology group. Died in 1973.

Behnken.

  • Behnken, Robert Louis (1970-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-123, STS-130.

Behrens.

  • Behrens German flyer and engineer.

Bei Shizhang.

  • Bei Shizhang Chinese scientist. Bei Shizhang, Manager of the Institute of Biophysics of the Chinese Academy of Science, was one of three senior scientists that formulated the plans for China's first manned spacecraft in April 1966.

Beichel.

  • Beichel, Rudi (1913-1999) German-American engineer, on von Braun's team, but left to independently advise US Army on liquid propulsion. Joined Aerojet in 1956, worked on Lox/LH2 Titan I engine conversion, Aerojet large engine studies, and USAF ARES single-stage ICBM.

Beier.

  • Beier, Anton (1906-1960) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Bella.

  • Bella, Ivan (1964-) Slovak pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Stefanik. First Slovak astronaut.

Beloborodov.

  • Beloborodov, Valeri Mikhailovich (1939-2004) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1969.

Belokonyov.

  • Belokonyov, Alexis (-1962) Russian phantom cosmonaut, reported died in orbit 1962.05.15. Judica-Cordiglia reported radio trasnmission 1962.11. Named in 1959.10 Ogonyok article on high altitude equipment test. Basis for 1969 novel Autopsy for a Cosmonaut.

Belousov.

  • Belousov, Boris Nikolayevich (1930-1998) Belarusian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1968.

Belt.

  • Belt, Michael Eugene (1957-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1991.

Belyakov.

  • Belyakov, Anatoli Mikhailovich (1923-1986) Russian officer. Colonel, served at Kaputsin Yar from April 1947, at Baikonur from 1957. Key person in integration of pioneering spacecraft, including the early Luna probes, Vostok, Voskhod, and Salyut. Authored over 170 papers.

Belyayev.

  • Belyayev, Pavel Ivanovich (1925-1970) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 2.

Bender.

  • Bender, Hans German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot and staff engineer..

Benderov.

  • Benderov, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1924-1973) Russian test pilot. Graduated from the Zhukovsky, 1950. Worked as an engineer and senior test pilot for Tupolev. Flew MiG-21 Tu-144 wing testbed. Proposed on 1964.06.29 as cosmonaut for Voskhod flights, but not confirmed. Died in the crash of a Tu-144 supersonic transport during an aviation demonstration at the 1973 Paris Airshow in Le Bourget.

Bennett.

  • Bennett, Rawson (1905-1967) American engineer. Chief of Naval Research from 1956 to 1961

Beregovoi.

  • Beregovoi, Georgi Timofeyevich (1921-1995) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 3.

Bereznyak.

  • Bereznyak, Nikolai Ivanovich (1922-1991) Russian officer. Lieutenant-General, Chief of the Mozhaiskiy Military Engineering Academy, 1974-1977. Served in the rocket forces from 1961-1973. Retired 1977.

Bereznyak, Aleksandr.

  • Bereznyak, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1912-1974) Soviet Chief designer. Soviet aircraft designer.

Berezovoi.

  • Berezovoi, Anatoli Nikolayevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-1.

Bergeler.

  • Bergeler, Herbert R (1907-1996) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. Worked his entire life with the rocket team, at Peenemuende, Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Bergen.

  • Bergen, William (1915-1987) American Chief Designer. Oversaw the development of the Viking and Titan rockets at Martin. After the Apollo fire, hired by North American to get Apollo to the moon. Stayed on during design of the Space Shuttle and B-1 bomber.

Beria.

  • Beria, Lavrenti Pavlovich (1899-1953) Georgian-Russian officer. Soviet security apparatus chief until toppled after death of Stalin 1953. In charge of Soviet development of nuclear weapons and rocketry, 1944-1953.

Berkner.

  • Berkner, Lloyd Viel (1905-1967) American engineer. Leading organiser of the International Geophysical Year in 1957-1958

Bernkopf.

  • Bernkopf German rocket expert; later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1985. He remained in France, living in Vernon.

Bethge.

  • Bethge, Friedrich Wilhelm German engineer at Peenemuende.

Bhat.

  • Bhat, Nagapathi Chidambar (1948-) Indian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Bibikov.

  • Bibikov, Yakov Lvovich Russian officer. Director of NII-1 during German recovery operations 1945-1946.

Bikle.

  • Bikle, Paul F (1916-1991) American engineer. Worked at Wright Field and Edwards AFB from 1940. Director NASA Edwards 1959-1971. Oversaw projects from the XB-43 through the X-15 to the NASA lifting bodies.

Bilenko.

  • Bilenko, Anton Petrovich (1924-1991) Russian engineer. General designer of satellite communications systems. Director of the Moscow Institute of Radio Communications 1977-1991.

Billig.

  • Billig German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1974.

Binnie.

  • Binnie, William Brian American test pilot rocketplane pilot. Flew on SpaceShipOne Flight 17P.

Bird.

  • Bird, Cory American Engineer. White Knight project engineer.

Biryukov, G P.

  • Biryukov, Gennadiy Pavlovich Russian engineer. From 1992 General Director and Chef Designer of KB TM Developed launch equipment and complexes for a range of missiles, including the R-36 heavy ICBM.

Biryuzov.

  • Biryuzov, Sergei Semenovich (1904-1964) Russian officer. Commander-in-Chief of RVSN 1962-1963.

Bissell.

  • Bissell, Richard M (1909-1994) American CIA official who headed development of the U-2 and A-12 spy planes, and the first generation of spy satellites. Deputy Director for Plans at the time of the Bay of Pigs debacle, which resulted in his resignation.

Blagonravov.

  • Blagonravov, Anatoli Arkadyevich (1894-1975) Russian scientist. President, Academy Artillery Sciences 1946-1950, leading development of first Soviet sounding rockets. Soviet representative to UN COPUOS and negotiator with NASA on cooperative space projects in early 1960's.

Blaha.

  • Blaha, John Elmer (1942-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-29, STS-33, STS-43, STS-58, Mir NASA-2. Flew 361 combat missions in Vietnam.

Blaik.

  • Blaik, Earl Henry 'Red' (1897-1989) American businessman. Vice president and director of Avco, 1959-60, then director and chairman of executive committee in 1960.

Blair.

  • Blair, Clay D (1925-1998) American writer. Magazine correspondent and editor of Saturday Evening Post 1957-1964.

Blass.

  • Blass, Josef (1901-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter. Engineer and German specialist in the Soviet Union.

Blenck.

  • Blenck German expert in aircraft design during World War II. As of January 1947, working at LFA Braunschweig.

Blohm.

  • Blohm, Rudolf German Director of Blohm and Voss during World War II. As of January 1947, on American's list of persons of interest.

Blokhin.

  • Blokhin, Yuri Dmitryevich Russian engineer. Head of Mikoyan KB space section. Worked on the Spiral spaceplane.

Blome.

  • Blome, Kurt German expert in biological warfare during World War II. As of January 1947, released from Project Dustbin as per USPBT CIC, 1/10/45.

Bloomfield.

  • Bloomfield, Michael John 'Bloomer' (1959-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-86, STS-97, STS-110. Grew up in Lake Fenton, Michigan.

Bluford.

  • Bluford, Dr Guion Steward Jr 'Guy' (1942-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-8, STS-61-A, STS-39, STS-53. First African-American in space. Flew 144 combat missions in Vietnam.

Bobko.

  • Bobko, Karol Joseph 'Bo' (1937-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-6, STS-51-D, STS-51-J.

Bode.

  • Bode, Hendrik W (1905-1982) American engineer, vice president of military development and systems engineering at Bell Telephone Laboratories 1958-1967. Worked for Bell from 1926 to 1967.

Bodenstein.

  • Bodenstein German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the mechanics group in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Boe.

  • Boe, Eric Allen (1964-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-126, STS-133.

Boehm.

  • Boehm, Josef Maria (1908-1973) Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Boenisch, Friedrich.

  • Boenisch, Friedrich (1902-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55.

Boergemann.

  • Boergemann German military instructor on the V-2 during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Landshut, Niedermayrstr. 55.

Boese.

  • Boese German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA as head of the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Boesen.

  • Boesen, Dennis Lee 'Denny' (1942-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1990.

Boettcher.

  • Boettcher, Friedrich German designer on the V-2 during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Gross-Wudicke b/Rathenow.

Boggess.

  • Boggess, Nancy Weber American scientist. Worked at NASA on IRAS and COBE infrared satellites.

Bogomolov.

  • Bogomolov, Aleksei Fedorovich (1913-) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1954-1988 of OKB MEI.

Bogomolov, Vladislav.

  • Bogomolov, Vladislav Nikolayevich (1919-1997) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1971-1985 of Isayev rocket engine design bureau. Succeeded Isayev after his death.

Boguslavskiy.

  • Boguslavskiy, Yevgeni Yakovlevich (1917-1969) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1950-1969 of Ryazanskiy design bureau. Specialised in spacecraft guidance systems.

Bohlen.

  • Bohlen, Charles E 'Chip' (1904-1974) American diplomat. Career foreign service officer.

Bohner.

  • Bohner, Otto (1913-) German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot. Captain, fighter pilot, test pilot on the Me-163 and Squadron Commander of 2./JG 400.

Bokov.

  • Bokov, Vsevolod Andreyevich (1921-) Russian officer. Major General, Chief of Directorate at GUKOS space forces 1970-1980.

Bolden.

  • Bolden, Charles Frank Jr 'Charlie' (1946-) African-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-45, STS-60.

Bolkhovitinov.

  • Bolkhovitinov, Viktor Fedorovich (1889-1970) Russian engineer. Engineer at NII-1. Led early study of Soviet derivative of the Saenger-Bredt antipodal bomber. Soviet airplane technical designer.

Bollermann.

  • Bollermann, Bruce I (1926-) American Chief Engineer of Space Data Corporation, developer of its sounding rockets, from 1963-1996. These included the Super Loki and Viper Dart.

Bolshoi.

  • Bolshoi, Amos Aleksandrovich Russian officer. Department Chief of TsKIK. Led flight control teams for early missions.

Bondar.

  • Bondar, Roberta Lynn (1945-) Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist.

Bondarenko.

  • Bondarenko, Valentin Vasilyevich (1937-1961) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Killed in a fire in a spacecraft simulator run using a a pure oxygen atmosphere. His death had a profound effect on future design of Soviet spacecraft.

Bondaryuk.

  • Bondaryuk, Mikhail Makarovich (1908-1969) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1950-1969 of OKB-670. Specialised in ramjet engines, including the large systems designed for Burya and Buran.

Bonestell.

  • Bonestell, Chesley (1888-1986) Renowned American architectural artist who achieved greater fame as the illustrator of von Braun's vision of human space exploration in the 1950's. His realistic paintings inspired a generation of engineers to make space travel a reality.

Bonnet.

  • Bonnet, Roger M (1937-) French astronomer. Built first French space astronomy experiment, launched by Veronique 1967. Director of Stellar and Planetary Lab of CNRS 1969-1983. Director of the ESA Scientif Program, 1983-2001.

Bonney.

  • Bonney, Walter T (1909-1975) American journalist. Worked for NACA from 1949. NASA Director of Public Relations, 1958-1960. Avco Director of Public Relations 1960-1971.

Booen.

  • Booen, Michael Warren (1957-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987.

Boone.

  • Boone, Walter F American USN Officer. Walter F. Boone was an admiral, who after retiring from the Navy, became the NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Defense Affairs. He held this post until retiring from NASA in 1968.

Boris Chimp 504.

  • Boris Chimp 504 (-1969) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Fictional lunar landing chimpanzee, subject of Dwayne Allen Day satire of Soviet space history research articles.

Borisenko.

  • Borisenko, Mikahil Ivanovich (1917-1984) Russian designer of missile radio control systems, 1946-1975 developed radio control systems for R-1, R-2, R-5, and R-7 missiles and satellites at the Moscow Scientific Research Radio Technical Institute (MPSS). Director of MPSS 1975-1984.

Borisenko, Andrei.

  • Borisenko, Andrei Ivanovich (1964-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. Flew on ISS EO-27.

Borisyuk.

  • Borisyuk, Nikolai Andreyevich (1941-1984) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, First Deputy Commander of VKS space forces from 1993.

Borman.

  • Borman, Frank Frederick II (1928-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 7, Apollo 8. Member of first crew to rendezvous in space, and first to orbit the moon.

Bornscheuer.

  • Bornscheuer German professor, rocket expert in WW2; later worked in France, heading the structures group at LRBA from 1946 to 1950. Returned to teach at the University of Stuttgart.

Borodai.

  • Borodai, Alexei Sergeyevich (1947-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1993.

Borodin.

  • Borodin, Dr Aleksandr Viktorovich (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Worked again at IMBP.

Borodin, Sergei.

  • Borodin, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1935-) Russian engineer. Chief Designer after 1975 of the Special OKB of the Gromov LII. Designed spacecraft simulators and cockpit consoles.

Borzenkova.

  • Borzenkova Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. In March 1962 selected as cosmonaut, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission.

Bossart.

  • Bossart, Karel Jan 'Charlie' (1904-1975) Belgian-American Chief Designer of the Atlas rocket. Conceived many innovative features - balloon propellant tanks, common fuel/oxidizer bulkheads, jettisonable booster engines, separable nose cone, and gimballed engines.

Bottenhorn.

  • Bottenhorn, Hermann German expert in rolling mill designer during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Bowen.

  • Bowen, Stephen Gerard (1964-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-126, STS-132, STS-133.

Bowers.

  • Bowers, Jack L 'John' (1920-2000) American engineer. Convair corporate officer in charge of Atlas development during the peak of its development phase.

Bowersox.

  • Bowersox, Kenneth Duane 'Ken' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-50, STS-61, STS-73, STS-82, ISS EO-6.

Boyd.

  • Boyd, Albert (1906-1976) American test pilot, commanded Edwards AFB 1949-1951.

Boyle.

  • Boyle, Anthony Hugh (1941-) British-American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984.

Brackett.

  • Brackett, Ernest W (1909-1991) American bureaucrat. Director of NASA Procurement 1960-1968.

Brady.

  • Brady, Charles Eldon Jr (1951-2006) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78.

Brand.

  • Brand, Vance DeVoe (1931-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo (ASTP), STS-5, STS-41-B, STS-35.

Brandenstein.

  • Brandenstein, Daniel Charles 'Dan' (1943-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-8, STS-51-G, STS-32, STS-49. Flew 192 combat missions in Vietnam.

Branscomb.

  • Branscomb, Lewis M (1926-) American Engineer. Lewis M. Branscomb is a Harvard University-trained physicist who served in a variety of university and public service posts before the chief scientist of the IBM Corp

Brede.

  • Brede, Hans German expert in jet propulsion during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Bredt.

  • Bredt, Irene (1911-1983) German engineer. Wife of Eugen Saenger and co-designer of the Silverbird spaceplane

Bresnik.

  • Bresnik, Randolph James 'Randy' (1967-) American test pilot astronaut, 2004-on.

Brezhnev.

  • Brezhnev, Leonid I (1912-1982) Russian politician. Leader of the Soviet Union between 1965 and 1982.

Brezhnev, Mikhail.

  • Brezhnev, Mikhail Aleksandrovich Russian politician. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building. Responsible for guidance systems industry.

Brezhnev, Valentin.

  • Brezhnev, Valentin Mikahilovich (1934-) Russian officer. Major General, Chief Director of GUKOS space forces 1985-1991. Higher officer training 1952-1954, entered TsUKOS in 1966, then reached ascending positions within the space forces. Retired in 1991.

Bridgeman.

  • Bridgeman, William Barton (1916-1968) American test pilot, 1949-1960. Flew the D-558-2 rocketplane and X-3. Declared the latest "The Fastest Man Alive" in 1951.

Bridges.

  • Bridges, Roy Dunbard Jr (1943-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F. Grew up in Gainesville, Georgia. Flew 226 combat missions in Vietnam.

Briggs.

  • Briggs, Geoffrey A American scientist. Led Mars imaging teams for JPL Mariner and Viking missions 1969-1977. Deputy Director and Director, NASA HQ Solar System Exploration Division 1977-1990. Scientific Director, Ames Center for Mars Exploration, 1992-1997.

Bringer.

  • Bringer, Karl-Heinz (1908-1999) German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Brode.

  • Brode, Wallace Reed (1900-1974) American scientist. Associate director of the National Bureau of Standards 1947-1958.

Brodie.

  • Brodie, Bernard (1910-1978) American scientist. Political scientist, specialized in Cold War strategy, member of Rand.

Broetler, Hugo.

  • Broetler, Hugo (1898-) German welding engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Oxygen Plant; Shop 55.

Broglio.

  • Broglio, Luigi (1911-2001) Italian engineer. Leading Italian space engineer. Chairman of the Italian National Committee on Space Research. Conceived and directed the San Marco orbital launch platform off the coast of Kenya, 1964-1988.

Bronk.

  • Bronk, Detlev W (1897-1975) American scientist, president of the National Academy of Sciences, 1950-1962, and a member of the National Aeronautics and Space Council. President of Johns Hopkins University, 1949-1953, and Rockefeller University, 1953-1968.

Bronwell.

  • Bronwell, Arthur B (1909-1985) American electrical engineer, professor at Northwestern University, then president of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute from 1955-1962, then the dean of engineering at the University of Connecticut at Storrs.

Brown.

  • Brown, Curtis Lee Jr 'Curt' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-47, STS-66, STS-77, STS-85, STS-95, STS-103. Flew in space six times.

Brown, David.

  • Brown, David McDowell (1956-2003) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Brown, Mark.

  • Brown, Mark Neil (1951-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-28, STS-48.

Brucker.

  • Brucker, Wilber M (1894-1968) American politician. Secretary of the Army 1955-1961.

Bruemmer.

  • Bruemmer, Renate Luise (1955-) Swiss engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993. Meterologist.

Bruenecke.

  • Bruenecke, Erhardt German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Bucher.

  • Bucher, Erich German expert in guided missiles during World War II.

Buchhold.

  • Buchhold, Theodore (1900-1984) German professor. Member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after WW2. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Wiesbaden, Germany.

Buchholz.

  • Buchholz, Otto German expert in aircraft designer during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Warneumende, Heinkel Werke.

Buchli.

  • Buchli, James Frederick 'Jim' (1945-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C, STS-61-A, STS-29, STS-48. Grew up in Fargo, North Dakota.

Buckey.

  • Buckey, Jay Clark Jr (1956-) American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90. Active Paylaod Specialist Trainee for Shuttle STS-90 Neurolab Mission;he had been Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-58 Mission SLS-2.

Buckley.

  • Buckley, Edmond C (1904-1977) American engineer. Instrumentation and tracking expert at NASA, 1930 - 1969. Senior NASA official for tracking operations during the moon race, 1959-1969.

Budarin.

  • Budarin, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-19, Mir EO-25, ISS EO-6. Made nine spacewalks totalling 1.93 days. 444 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Budnik.

  • Budnik, Vasili Sergeyevich (1913-) Russian engineer. First Deputy Designer of KB Yuzhnoye 1954-1972.

Buechner.

  • Buechner German professor, rocket expert in WW2; later worked in France as head of chemistry group at LRBA from 1947-1953. Then returned to professor post in Germany.

Bugayskiy.

  • Bugayskiy, Viktor Nikifirovich Russian engineer. Headed Chelomei design bureau Filial 1 1960-1973. Specialised in rockets and spacecraft.

Bugrov.

  • Bugrov, Vladimir Yevgrafovich (1933-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1966-1968.

Buhl.

  • Buhl German engineer, member of Rocket Team in France after WW2. Engineer and German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the ballistics group at LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1984. Remained in Vernon, France.

Buinovski.

  • Buinovski, Eduard Ivanovich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964.

Bukreyev.

  • Bukreyev, Viktor Ivanovich (1949-1977) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977. Flew for Gromov Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in an aircraft crash.

Bulganin.

  • Bulganin, Nikolai Aleksandrovich (1895-1975) Russian Minister of Defense 1947-1949 and 1953-1955. Chaired Special Committee 2 1947-1949. Chairman of the Soviet Council of Ministers, and heavily involved in the negotiations over freedom of space issue for overflight of territories.

Bull.

  • Bull, John Sumter (1934-2008) American test pilot astronaut, 1966-1968.

Bululkov.

  • Bululkov, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1929-) Russian officer. Major General, Deputy Chief of the Mozhaiskiy Military Engineering Institute 1984-1989.

Bulychev.

  • Bulychev, Ivan Timofeyevich Russian officer. Chief of Communications Directorate, Ministry of Defence, 1956-1958.

Bundy.

  • Bundy, McGeorge (1919-1996) American Bureaucrat. McGeorge Bundy was a professor of government before serving as the national security adviser to Presidents Kennedy and Johnson from 1961-1966.

Burbank.

  • Burbank, Daniel Christopher (1961-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-106, STS-115.

Burdayev.

  • Burdayev, Mikhail Nikolayevich (1932-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Air Force Engineering Academy, doctorate degree, 1987. Cosmonaut training from May 1967 - 18 August 1969. Worked as trainer at the Gagarin Center. Professor in space ballistics from 1994.

Burden.

  • Burden, William AM (1906-1984) American engineer. Aviation consultant, served on the National Aeronautics and Space Council 1958-1959.

Burke.

  • Burke, Arleigh A (1901-1996) American officer. Chief of Naval Operations, 1955-1961, during development of the Polaris SLBM.

Burnazyan.

  • Burnazyan, Avetik Ignatyevich (1906-) Russian bureaucrat. Deputy Minister of Health from 1947. Involved in Voskhod crew selection.

Burose.

  • Burose, Walter W B (1906-1983) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. Thereafter with the rocket team at Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Bursch.

  • Bursch, Daniel Wheeler 'Dan' (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51, STS-68, STS-77, ISS EO-4.

Busemann.

  • Busemann, Adolf German expert in dynamics during World War II, working for the Luftwaffe at Braunschweig-Voelkenrode. Went to the USA after the war. In the early 1960's active at NASA's Langley Research Center, working on deployable space station concepts.

Bush.

  • Bush, George H W (1924-) American Politician. George H.W. Bush served as president of the United States between 1989 and 1993. Before that time he had been a diplomat, director of the CIA, and vice president under Ronald Reagan

Bush, Vannevar.

  • Bush, Vannevar (1890-1974) American engineer, primary scientific adviser to Roosevelt and Truman, immensely influential in plans for nuclear weapons, missiles, aviation, and advanced propulsion 1939-1949. Discouraged early development of the ICBM.

Bushuyev.

  • Bushuyev, Konstantin Davidovich (1914-1978) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer to Korolev, 1954-1975.

Bussmann.

  • Bussmann, Enno German expert in remote control of rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Landshut, Bayern, Niedermayrstr. 23.

Butchart.

  • Butchart, S P American test pilot, flew D-558-1, D-558-2, X-4, X-5.

Butoma.

  • Butoma, Boris Yevstafyevich (1907-1976) Russian bureaucrat. Minister of Shipbuilding Industry 1957-1976.

Butterworth.

  • Butterworth, Louis William (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986.

Bykov.

  • Bykov, Yuri Sergeyevich (1916-1970) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1959-1970 of Nll-95. Specialised in communications systems for piloted spacecraft.

Bykovsky.

  • Bykovsky, Valeri Fyodorovich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, Salyut 6 EP-4.

Cabana.

  • Cabana, Robert Donald 'Bob' (1949-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-53, STS-65, STS-88. US Marine Corps

Cabell.

  • Cabell, Charles P (1903-1971) American officer. USAF intelligence, Deputy Director, CIA 1953-1962. Promoted U-2 and Corona spy satellite. Forced to resign after Bay of Pigs debacle.

Cagle.

  • Cagle, Yvonne Darlene (1959-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1996-on.

Cagle, Myrtle.

  • Cagle, Myrtle K Thompson (1922-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Cai Jintao.

  • Cai Jintao (1908-1996) Chinese Engineer. Chinese communications and telemetry systems engineer.

Cai Qiao.

  • Cai Qiao (1897-1990) Chinese Biologist. Cai Qiao was Vice President of the Military Medical Sciences Academy of the People's Liberation Army. In April 1966 he was one of three senior scientists that laid out the plans for China's first manned spacecraft.

Caldeiro.

  • Caldeiro, Fernando 'Frank' (1958-2009) Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1996-2009.

Caldwell.

  • Dyson Caldwell, Tracy Ellen (1969-) American chemist mission specialist astronaut. Chemist. Flew on STS-118, ISS EO-23.

Camarda.

  • Camarda, Charles Joseph (1952-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-114.

Cameron.

  • Cameron, Kenneth Donald (1949-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-56, STS-74. US Marine Corps

Cannon.

  • Cannon, Joseph American test pilot. Flew the X-1 # 3.

Canterbury.

  • Canterbury, William Monte American officer. Senior management positions in USAF missile development, senior staff scientist, Lockheed, from 1961.

Carey.

  • Carey, Duane Gene 'Digger' (1957-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-109.

Carpenter.

  • Carpenter, Malcolm Scott (1925-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-7, but left NASA under a cloud after running out of propellant on his mission and splashing down 'way down range.

Carr.

  • Carr, Gerald Paul 'Gerry' (1932-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 4.

Carretto.

  • Carretto, Joseph Anthony Jr (1957-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988.

Carter.

  • Carter, Dr Manley Lanier Jr 'Sonny' (1947-1991) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33. Grew up in Warner Robins, Georgia. Died in the crash of a commercial airliner while on NASA business travel.

Carter, Jimmy.

  • Carter, Jimmy (1924-) American Politician. Jimmy Carter was president of the United States between 1977 and 1981. Previously he had been a naval officer and businessman before entering politics. He entered politics in the Georgia State Legislature

Carvalho, Benoliel.

  • Carvalho Benoliel, Jose Augusto Brazilian geologist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-1998. Captain, Brazilian Air Force. Candidate from Brazil as a NASA Mission Specialist. At the time of his selection 41 years old. Mission later cancelled.

Casey.

  • Casey, William (1913-1987) American intelligence officer. CIA Chief under Reagan, 1981-1987. Oversaw massive increase in CIA budget, including that for space activities.

Casper.

  • Casper, John Howard (1943-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-36, STS-54, STS-62, STS-77. Grew up in Gainesville, Georgia, son of an Air Force officer. Flew 229 combat missions in Vietnam.

Casserino.

  • Casserino, Frank James (1955-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985.

Cassidy.

  • Cassidy, Christopher John 'Chris' (1970-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Castenholtz.

  • Castenholtz, Daniel D American engineer. Manager of J-2 engine development at Rocketdyne.

Cattaneo.

  • Cattaneo, Ettore Italian pilot. Rocketplane pioneer

Cenker.

  • Cenker, Robert Joseph Jr (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C.

Cernan.

  • Cernan, Eugene Andrew 'Gene' (1934-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 9, Apollo 10, Apollo 17. Eleventh person to walk on the moon and last person to step off of the moon. Space speed record (11,107 m/s).

Chaffee.

  • Chaffee, Dr Roger Bruce (1935-1967) American pilot astronaut, 1963-1967. Killed in Apollo 1 fire on launch pad.

Chai Hongliang.

  • Chai Hongliang Chinese Pilot. Joined PLA in 1958. He was a PLAAF pilot when selected.

Chamberlin.

  • Chamberlin, James A (1915-1981) Canadian-American engineer. Lead at Avro for fighters, 1945-1959. Lead positions at NASA, 1959-1970. Conceived modular design for Gemini and pushed its use for lunar mission. At McDonnell-Douglas 1970-1981; headed their shuttle bid.

Chamitoff.

  • Chamitoff, Gregory Errol (1962-) Jewish-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-17-1, STS-134.

Champine.

  • Champine, Robert A American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 2.

Chana.

  • Chana, William 'Bill' (1921-) American engineer. Part of the Atlas management team; worked in customer support and marketing.

Chang-Diaz.

  • Chang-Diaz, Dr Franklin Ramon (1950-) Costa Rican-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111. Held record of seven spaceflights.

Chapman.

  • Chapman, Philip Kenyon (1935-) Australian scientist astronaut, 1967-1972.

Chappell.

  • Chappell, Charles Richard (1943-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1992.

Charles.

  • Charles, Robert H (1914-) American bureaucrat who developed several disastrous contracting models for the US government. As assistant to NASA Administrator 1963-1965, developed Apollo contracts; as Assistant Secretary USAF 1965-1969, developed C-5 contract models.

Charyk.

  • Charyk, Joseph Vincent (1920-) Canadian-American engineer. Chief Scientist, USAF, and First Director, NRO, 1961-1963. Founder of geosynchronous communications satellite industry. Headed Comsat as President, CEO, Chairman, 1963-1985.

Chavez.

  • Chavez, Salomon E 'Sol' (1913-2001) Hispanic-American engineer. Atlas missile test supervisor, 1958-1973.

Chawla.

  • Chawla, Dr Kalpana (1961-2003) Indian-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87, STS-107. She perished with the rest of the crew of the shuttle Columbia on 1 February 2003.

Chechulin.

  • Chechulin, Petr Petrovich (1906-1971) Russian officer. Director of Nll-4 1951-1955 during early research on satellites.

Cheli.

  • Cheli, Maurizio (1959-) Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75. Was married to astronaut Marianne Merchez.

Chelomei.

  • Chelomei, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1914-1984) Soviet Chief Designer 1955-1984 of OKB-52. Leading designer of cruise missiles and ICBMs. Fought for lead role in space launchers and manned spacecraft. Led work on UR-100, UR-200 ICBM's, Proton LV, Raketoplan, Almaz, TKS manned spacecraft.

Chen Long.

  • Chen Long Chinese phantom cosmonaut. Phantom astronaut identified as first Chinese man in space in 2003. Mistranslation of Li Qinglong.

Chen Quan.

  • Chen Quan Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1998-on. Chen was a PLAAF regiment commander when selected. Chen was a PLAAF regiment commander when selected.

Chertok.

  • Chertok, Boris Yevseyevich (1912-) Pioneering Russian guidance and control engineer, key member of Korolev's design team 1946-1992. Deputy Chief Designer 1956-1992, created Soyuz and N1 LV control systems. His frank biography is a key source for Soviet space history.

Chiao.

  • Chiao, Dr Leroy (1960-) American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-72, STS-92, ISS EO-10.

Chidlaw.

  • Chidlaw, Benjamin (1900-1977) American officer. Deputy, Material Command, 1945-1949; commanded several USAF research and development organizations 1949-1955.

Childs.

  • Childs, Stuart Row (1923-2006) American test pilot. Flew the X-1B.

Chilton.

  • Chilton, Kevin Patrick 'Chili' (1954-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-49, STS-59, STS-76.

Chinarev.

  • Chinarev, Avenir Alekseyevich (1927-) Russian officer. Major General, served 1956-1968 at 4-NII-MO, from 1968-1988 at 50 TsNII KS in ascending positions of responsibility. Conducted basic research that led to the designs and test requirements for a many spacecraft and boosters.

Chirkin.

  • Chirkin, Viktor Martynovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1982.

Chmielewski.

  • Chmielewski, Jerzy Polish Engineer. Polish engineer for underground defence construction.

Chretien.

  • Chretien, Jean-Loup Jacques Marie (1938-) French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-1, Mir Aragatz, STS-86. First French astronaut. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs.

Churkin.

  • Churkin, Anatoliy Vasilyevich (1925-) Russian engineer. General director and chief designer of the scientific research institute for sensor equipment 1981-1987.

Chwalczyk, Rudolf.

  • Chwalczyk, Rudolf (1908-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Shop 55.

Claggett.

  • Claggett, Randy (-1973) American phantom cosmonaut. Fictional Apollo 18 mission commander who died on the lunar surface in Michener's novel Space and the resulting television mini-series.

Clark.

  • Clark, Laurel Blair Salton (1961-2003) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Physician. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Clarke.

  • Clarke, Arthur C (1917-2008) British writer. Leading science fiction writer, also wrote key books popularizing space travel in 1950's and 1960's. Created concept of geosynchronous communications satellite in 1946. Wrote 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Clauser.

  • Clauser, Francis H (1913-) American aerodynamicist, at Douglas 1937-1946; Johns Hopkins, 1946-1960; Caltech 1969-1980.

Cleave.

  • Cleave, Dr Mary Louise (1947-) American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-30. Engineer.

Clegg.

  • Clegg, Robert Henry (1946-) American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992.

Clervoy.

  • Clervoy, Jean-Francois Andre (1958-) French engineer cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-84, STS-103.

Clifford.

  • Clifford, Michael Richard Uram 'Rich' (1952-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-53, STS-59, STS-76. US Army

Clinton.

  • Clinton, William J (1946-) American Politician. William J. Clinton became president of the United States in 1993. Previously he served as governor and attorney general of Arkansas.

Coats.

  • Coats, Michael Lloyd 'Mike' (1946-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-29, STS-39. Flew 315 combat missions in Vietnam.

Cobb.

  • Cobb, Geraldyne M 'Jerrie' (1931-) American pilot, holder of four aviation records, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Cocentino, Munaretto.

  • Cocentino Munaretto, Luiz Alberto Brazilian pilot Mission Specialist candidate, 1998.

Cockrell.

  • Cockrell, Kenneth Dale 'Taco' (1950-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-56, STS-69, STS-80, STS-98, STS-111.

Cohen.

  • Cohen, Aaron American engineer, at NASA 1962-1992. Played important role in Apollo program, and later directed development of space shuttle orbiter from design to initial flight test.

Coleman.

  • Coleman, Dr Catherine Grace 'Cady' (1960-) American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73, STS-93, ISS EO-26. US Air Force engineer.

Collins.

  • Collins, Michael 'Mike' (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 10, Apollo 11. First space walk from one spacecraft to another.

Collins, Duncan.

  • Collins, Merwin Duncan (1902-1987) American engineer, son of a Pasadena street railway conductor, became head of Structural Design for the Atlas missile, who translated Charlie Bossart's weight-saving ideas and aims into practical and producible hardware designs.

Collins, Eileen.

  • Collins, Eileen Marie 'Mom' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-63, STS-84, STS-93, STS-114. US Air Force test pilot, first female shuttle pilot and first female spacecraft commander.

Congreve.

  • Congreve, William (1772-1828) British engineer. Artillery officer and inventor who greatly advanced the development of black powder rockets for miiltary purposes. His rockets were commonly used in the British Army in the first half of the 19th Century.

Conlon.

  • Conlon, Emerson W (1905-1996) American engineer. Directed development of the D-558 transonic research aircraft for the Navy. Later Chair of the Aeronautical Engineerng Department at Michigan, holding several USAF and NASA management positions on leaves of absence.

Conrad.

  • Conrad, Charles Peter Jr 'Pete' (1930-1999) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Apollo 12, Skylab 2. Third person on the moon. Only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab. Commander of first successful space station mission.

Constan.

  • Constan, G N German-American NASA Engineer; as of November 1960 working for Von Braun as Chief, Technical Program Coordination Office at NASA Huntsville.

Cook.

  • Cook, Charles W American bureaucrat. Held management positions in the 1970's and 1980's in the Offices of the Secretary of the Air Force and Defense; ARPA; CIA; and industry.

Cooper.

  • Cooper, Leroy Gordon Jr 'Gordo' (1927-2004) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-9, Gemini 5. First American to spend over a day in space. High spirited, and reportedly denied an Apollo assignment.

Cooper, George.

  • Cooper, George American test pilot. Flew the X-4 # 2.

Copernicus.

  • Copernicus, Nicholas (1473-1543) Polish scientist. Developed and popularized the theory that the earth revolved around the sun.

Corson.

  • Corson, John J (1905-1990) American bureaucrat. Management at McKinsey 1951-1966. Conducted several studies on NASA-JPL relations.

Covey.

  • Covey, Richard Oswalt 'Dick' (1946-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I, STS-26, STS-38, STS-61. Grew up in Fort Walton Beach, Florida, son of an Air Force officer. Flew 339 combat missions during two tours in Southeast Asia

Craigie.

  • Craigie, Laurence C (1902-1994) American test pilot. First American to fly a jet aircraft, the XP-59. After WW2 he directed Air Force research and development programs. USAF deputy chief of staff for development, 1951-1954. Retired 1955 after a heart attack.

Creamer.

  • Creamer, Timothy John 'TJ' (1959-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-on.

Creighton.

  • Creighton, John Oliver (1943-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G, STS-36, STS-48. Grew up in Seattle, Washington. Flew 175 combat missions in Vietnam. Bachelor navy fighter pilot with a midnight blue corvette and a ski boat dubbed Sin Ship.

Crews.

  • Crews, Albert Hanlin Jr (1929-) American pilot astronaut, 1965-1969.

Crippen.

  • Crippen, Robert Laurel 'Bob' (1937-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-1, STS-7, STS-41-C, STS-41-G. Member of first crew to fly a winged spacecraft to orbit and back.

Cristoforetti.

  • Cristoforetti, Samantha (1977-) Italian pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Crombie.

  • Crombie, Robert Buck (1954-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988.

Crooks.

  • Crooks, James Wesley (1921-1983) American engineer. Inventor of the Atlas radio guidance system and the Azusa and Glotrac launch vehicle tracking systems.

Crosby.

  • Crosby, Harry American Test Pilot. Northrop Test Pilot

Crossfield.

  • Crossfield, Albert Scott (1921-2006) Hispanic-American test pilot, 1950-1960. First man to reach Mach 2; first Hispanic test pilot.

Crouch.

  • Crouch, Dr Roger Keith (1940-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94.

Crowley.

  • Crowley, John W 'Gus' (1899-1974) American engineer. Worked at Langley from 1921. NASA director of research from 1945 to 1959.

Culbertson.

  • Culbertson, Frank Lee Jr (1949-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-51, ISS EO-3.

Culbertson, Philip.

  • Culbertson, Philip Edgar (1925-) American aerodynamicist. Managed development of the Atlas space launch version at Convair; then went to NASA, being General Manager at the time of the Challenger disaster.

Cunningham.

  • Cunningham, Ronnie Walter 'Walt' (1932-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 7.

Cunningham, Stephen.

  • Cunningham, Stephen Lee (1945-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986.

Curbeam.

  • Curbeam, Robert Lee Jr 'Beamer' (1962-) African-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-85, STS-98, STS-116.

Currie.

  • Currie, Nancy Jane nee Sherlock (1958-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-70, STS-88, STS-109. US Army engineer.

Currie, Malcolm.

  • Currie, Malcolm R (1927-) American engineer. Joined Hughes in 1954, becoming a VP 1964-1969. After stints at Beckman and government, returned to Hughes in 1977, becoming CEO 1986-1992. Moved Hughes into DirecTV satellite-to-home business.

Czerney.

  • Czerney, Marianus German rocket expert during World War II, worked at Peenemuende. As of January 1947, living in Frankfurt/M, Robert Mayerstr. 2.

Dadieu.

  • Dadieu, Armin German engineer. Worked on German uranium processing in WW2, and for Saenger post-war. By the 1970's on review committees for post-Apollo space programs in US and Europa III LV in Europe. Consultant to West German goverment on OTRAG.

Dahm.

  • Dahm, Werner Karl (1917-2008) German-American aerodynamicist, worked at Peenemuende on A9/A10, A7, A4b, and Wasserfall winged missiles. Post-war completed studies, joined von Braun team in US as Head of Aerodynamics Analysis Branch, Aeroballistics Division, Huntsville.

Dailey.

  • Dailey, John R American USMC officer, associate deputy administrator of NASA 1992-1999 and director of the NASM 2000-2009. He flew 450 missions during two tours in Viet Nam.

Dana.

  • Dana, William Harvey 'Bill' (1930-) American test pilot. Flew on X-15 Flight 174, X-15 Flight 197.

Danchik.

  • Danchik, Robert J (1933-) American engineer. John Hopkins APL 1967-2000. Transit program manager for 16 years.

Dannenberg.

  • Dannenberg, Konrad (1912-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Dantscher.

  • Dantscher, Josef German pilot and chief staff engineer.

Darevskiy.

  • Darevskiy, Sergei Grigoryevich Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1965-1975 of Special OKB of Gromov LII. Designed simulators and cockpit consoles.

Daus.

  • Daus German expert in special vehicles for rocket transportation during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Hamburg-Harburg.

Davies.

  • Davies, Merton E (1917-2001) American scientist, worked for Douglas 1940-1948 and then RAND. Conceptual work on reconnaisance satellites led to the Corona program. Involved at JPL in early Mars imaging missions, establishing the reference systems for other planets.

Davis.

  • Davis, Dr Nancy Jan (1953-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47, STS-60, STS-85. Engineer, was married to astronaut Mark Lee, part of first married couple to fly in space together.

Day.

  • Day, Melvin Sherman (1923-1986) American engineer. Worked in leadership positions in the area of technical information services at the AEC (1947-1960) and NASA (1960-1970).

De Beek.

  • De Beek, Gerd Wilhelm (1904-1989) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

de Bergerac.

  • de Bergerac, Cyrano (1619-1655) French writer. Writer who's works included two novels involving flight to the moon. Most remembered as the subject of an 1897 novel.

De Winne.

  • De Winne, Frank (1961-) Belgian physician astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-4, ISS EO-20.

DeArmond.

  • DeArmond, Frank Maxton (1954-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988.

Debus.

  • Debus, Kurt Heinrich (1908-1983) German-American engineer. At Peenemuende from 1940, designed and operated V-2 test launch facility. In US from 1945, headed design, build, and operation of launch facilities for the V-2, Redstone, Jupiter, and Saturn rockets for Apollo.

Dediu.

  • Dediu, Dumitru (1942-) Romanian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1981. Rumanian Air Force. Served in the Rumanian Army as Lieutenant Colonel, stationed in Bucharest.

Dedkov.

  • Dedkov, Anatoli Ivanovich (1944-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1983.

DeFrance.

  • DeFrance, Smith J (1896-1985) American engineer. Designer and director of research for wind tunnels at Langley, 1922-1940, and Ames, 1940-1965. His work in the 1950's established blunt-body shapes for re-entry vehicles.

Degenkolb.

  • Degenkolb, Gerd German Phantom cosmonaut. Leader of the Special Group for the A4 and supervisor of manufacturing for the 'war locomotive'.

Degtyarov.

  • Degtyarov, Dr Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966.

Dellmeier.

  • Dellmeier German Engineer. Engineer at Peenemuende.

DeLucas.

  • DeLucas, Dr Lawrence James 'Larry' (1950-) American physiologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50.

Dementiev.

  • Dementiev, Petr Vasilyevich (1907-1977) Russian politician. Minister of Aviation Industry 1953-1977. Supporter of Chelomei.

Demin.

  • Demin, Lev Stepanovich (1926-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15.

Dempsey.

  • Dempsey, James Raymon (1921-) American engineer. Headed development of the Atlas missile at Convair.

Demyanenko.

  • Demyanenko, Anatoly Pavlovich (1942-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1969-1971. Engineer at the Scientific Research Institute of Automatics and Instrument Engineering. On 11 September 1969 selected as a cosmonaut, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission.

Deng Qingming.

  • Deng Qingming Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1998-on. PLAAF pilot. Selected in the first Chinese cosmonaut detachment.

Denner.

  • Denner German Wehrmacht Officer; expert in biological warfare during World War II.

Denver.

  • Denver, John (1943-1997) American pop singer who sought to fly into space before his death in an air crash.

Deppe.

  • Deppe, Hans German-American expert in guided missiles during WW2. Member of the German rocket team, arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Detroye.

  • Detroye, Jeffrey Eliot (1955-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Bachelor of science in astronautical engineering from USAF Academy, 1977. From 1986 worked as a Shuttle Flight Controller.

Dettmering.

  • Dettmering, Wilhelm Heinrich (1912-) German Professor. Worked at Peenemuende West.

Deucker.

  • Deucker German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the theoretical group of the target acquisition department from 1947-1952.

Deutch.

  • Deutch, John (1938-) American scientist, served as Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1994-199; Director of Central Intelligence from 1995-1997. Doctorate from MIT and also served as that school's dean of science and provost.

Dezhurov.

  • Dezhurov, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-18, ISS EO-3. Made nine spacewalks, total time 1.58 days.

Dhom.

  • Dhom, Friedrich (1909-1988) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Brownsboro, Texas.

Dietrich.

  • Dietrich, Jan (1926-2008) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Dietrich, Marion.

  • Dietrich, Marion (1926-1974) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female pilots declared fit for astronaut duty in 1961, but never entered training.

Digges.

  • Digges, Thomas (1576-1576) British astronomer and mathematician who modified Dante's medieval conceptions of the universe in his Description of the Caelestiall Orbes (1576), adopting a Copernican view that placed the Sun in the centre of the universe.

Disney.

  • Disney, Walt (1901-1966) Spanish-American creator of children's movies and amusement parks; produced a series of three crucial television programs in 1955-1957 that popularized von Braun's concepts for manned orbital, lunar, and Mars travel with the American public.

Dittmar.

  • Dittmar, Heinrich German glider pilot, test pilot during World War II, and designer of sailplanes. As of January 1947, working at Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Segelflug, Ainring, Bavaria.

Dixon.

  • Dixon, Thomas F (1926-) American engineer, analyzed a recovered V-2 rocket engine in 1944. Important role at Rocketdyne 1948-1961 in development of rocket engines from the V-2 through to the prototype for the F-1. NASA Deputy Associate Administrator 1961-1963.

Dmitriev.

  • Dmitriev, Igor Fedorovich (1909-) Russian engineer. First Deputy Chief, Central Committee Defence Industries Department, 1965-1981. Succeeded Serbin.

Dmitriev, Pavel.

  • Dmitriev, Pavel Pavlovich (1924-) Russian officer. Director of Russian Institute for Radio Navigation and Timing, 1969-1984. Played key role in development of spacecraft timing and synchronisation systems and satellite navigation systems.

Dobrick.

  • Dobrick, Werner (-1986) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Oberlenningen, Germany.

Dobrokvashina.

  • Dobrokvashina, Dr Yelena Ivanovna (1947-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Returned to work at the IMBP.

Dobrovolsky.

  • Dobrovolsky, Georgi Timofeyevich (1928-1971) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing.

Doetsch, Hans.

  • Doetsch, Hans German expert in ballistics theoretical during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Bad Kissingen.

Doi.

  • Doi, Dr Takao (1954-) Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1985-2009. Flew on STS-87, STS-123.

Dokhov.

  • Dokhov, Mikhail Tutovich (1932-) Russian officer. Chief of Centre for Automated Systems at GNITs MO Space Tracking Centre 1982-1990.

Dolgopolov.

  • Dolgopolov, Gennadi Aleksandrovich (1935-2008) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1966-1967. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), 1959 Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Retired due to medical reasons. Worked thereafter at NPO Energia.

Dolgov.

  • Dolgov, Piotr (-1960) Russian phantom cosmonaut, purportedly dying on a Vostok flight on 1960.10.11. The real Dolgov died 1961.11.01, jumping from a balloon from 28 km in a Vostok suit test on 1962.11.01. His visor cracked and he died when his suit depressurized.

Dolgov, Aleksey.

  • Dolgov, Aleksey Mikhailovich (1930-) Russian officer. Major General, served in key positions at Kapustin Yar, Baikonur, and the defence industry.

Dollhopf.

  • Dollhopf German engineer, member of Rocket Team in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA as head of the pump / measurements group from 1947 until 1958. Then returned to Sonthofen, Germany.

Domrachev.

  • Domrachev, Aleksandr Vasiliyevich (1906-1961) Russian bureaucrat. First Chairman of GKOT 1951-1958. Participated in Baikonur's selection.

Dong Xiaohai.

  • Dong Xiaohai Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later.

Donovan.

  • Donovan, Allen Frances (1914-) American engineer. Headed aeronautical mechanics department at Cornell 1946-1955. Senior Vice President, technical, Aerospace Corp, 1960-1978.

Doolittle.

  • Doolittle, James H (1896-1993) American officer. Noted aviator 1917-1940, led one-way raid on Tokyo in 1942. Post-WW2 through to Sputnik served on scientific advisory boards that shaped US space policy.

Dore.

  • Dore, Frank J (1924-) American engineer, prominent manager in the Atlas program, very important in the early years as a performance analyst and project point man. NASA credited him with for convincing them that the Atlas would do the Mercury mission.

Dorman.

  • Dorman, Bernhardt L (1907-1999) Jewish-American engineer. Key Aerojet employee, 1943-1972.

Dornberger.

  • Dornberger, Gen Dr.-Ing E h Walter Robert (1895-1980) German-American officer and manager. Head of Wehrmacht rocket development; recruited von Braun and led development and deployment of V-2. Post-war worked in US, notably for Bell on the BOMI rocket bomber.

Dorofeyev.

  • Dorofeyev, Boris Arkadyevich (1927-1999) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of Korolev design bureau. Chief Designer for N1 rocket 1972-1974. He was demoted in 1974 after the cancellation of the N1 programme.

Dragun.

  • Dragun, Dmitri Konstantinovich Russian engineer. From 1996 General Director and General Designer OKB Vympel. Missile designer.

Draper.

  • Draper, Charles Stark (1901-1987) American engineer. Pioneered development of inertial navigation systems in the United States and designed the Apollo navigation system.

Drawe.

  • Drawe, Gerhardt (1910-1996) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Drew.

  • Drew, Benjamin Alvin Jr (1962-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-118, STS-133.

Drew, Russell.

  • Drew, Russell C (1931-) American scientist. Important figure in management of the Polaris and Poseidon programs, 1953-1973.

Drews, Erich.

  • Drews, Erich (1912-) German coppersmith in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Department Laboratory.

Drobov.

  • Drobov, Serfaim Alekseyevich (1908-1995) Russian officer. Lieutenant-General, leading Soviet scientist in area of space communications. From 1944-1971 head of radio-technical faculty at Mozhaiskiy Academy. Retired 1971.

Druzhinin.

  • Druzhinin, Mikhail Ivanovich (1920-1996) Russian officer. Colonel-General, Head of the Political Section at Baikonur 1963-1969.

Dryden.

  • Dryden, Hugh L (1898-1965) American aerodynamicist, director of NACA (NASA's predecessor) 1947-1958.

Du Jincheng.

  • Du Jincheng (1949-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1965. He was a PLAAF squadron commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Dubovik.

  • Dubovik, A F Russian military officer.

DuBridge.

  • DuBridge, Lee Alvin (1901-1994) American physicist. President of Caltech 1946-1969; Science Adviser to Presidents Truman and Nixon.

Duerr.

  • Duerr, Friedrich (1909-2000) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Duffy.

  • Duffy, Brian J (1953-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-57, STS-72, STS-92.

Duke.

  • Duke, Charles Moss Jr 'Charlie' (1935-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 16. Tenth person to walk on the moon.

Dulles.

  • Dulles, Allen W (1888-1959) American intelligence officer, Director of the CIA 1953-1961. Under his watch the secret U-2 and A-12 aircraft, and Corona spy satellite were developed. He was forced to retire after the Bay of Pigs debacle.

Dunbar.

  • Dunbar, Dr Bonnie Jeanne (1949-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71, STS-89. Engineer. Was married to astronaut Ronald Sega.

Dunlap.

  • Dunlap, Dr Alexander William (1960-) American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1998. Candidate specialist for STS-90 Neurolab.

Dunn.

  • Dunn, Louis G (1908-1979) American engineer. At Ramo-Woolridge headed oversight of development of the Thor, Titan, Atlas, and Minuteman missiles for the USAF

Duque.

  • Duque, Pedro Francisco (1963-) Spanish engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-95, ISS Cervantes. First Spanish astronaut.

Durant.

  • Durant, Frederick C (1916-) American writer. Space exploration advocate. Engineer at Bell and several government laboratories 1945-1965; Director of Astronautics at NASM; President ARS and IAF 1953-1956; author of several works on space history.

Durrance.

  • Durrance, Dr Samuel Thornton 'Sam' (1943-) American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-35, STS-67.

Dutton.

  • Dutton, James Patrick Jr (1968-) American test pilot astronaut, 2004-on. Flew combat air patrols over Northern Iraq during the 1990s.

Dyson.

  • Dyson, Esther (1951-) American cosmonaut, 2008-2009. Internet entrepreneur, daughter of physicist and space visionary Freeman Dyson. Internet entrepreneur who paid $ 3 million to train as back-up to Charles Simonyi as a space tourist aboard Soyuz TMA-14.

Dzhanibekov.

  • Dzhanibekov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EP-9, Salyut 7 EP-1, Salyut 7 EP-4, Salyut 7 EO-4-1b.

Edelson.

  • Edelson, Burton I (1926-2002) American engineer. Worked at Comsat 1969-1982. NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications 1982-1988.

Edse.

  • Edse, Rudolf German expert in rocket fuels during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Edwards.

  • Edwards, Joe Frank Jr (1958-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-89. Grew up in Lineville and Roanoke, Alabama. Flew combat missions over Lebanon in 1983

Ehrhardt.

  • Ehrhardt, Hermann P German expert in rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Ehricke.

  • Ehricke, Krafft Arnold (1917-1984) Visionary German-American engineer. Protege of Thiel at Peenemuende; early concepts for nuclear and Lox/LH2 engines. Left von Braun team, developed Centaur at Convair 1956-1964. Prolific output of advanced concepts, but poor program manager.

Eichler.

  • Eichler, Martin German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Hammenstedt.

Eidis.

  • Eidis, Arkadiy lonovich (1913-) Russian engineer. Chelomei's First Deputy General Designer. Headed Chelomei design bureau Filial 3 1962-1965.

Einhorn.

  • Einhorn, Raymond American NASA Bureaucrat. Raymond Einhorn was a former General Accounting Office auditor who joined NASA in 1960 as its director of audits. He served in this position throughout the 1960s.

Eisele.

  • Eisele, Donn Fulton (1930-1987) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 7. Died of a heart attack.

Eisele, Karl.

  • Eisele, Karl German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Stuttgart or Ainring nr Salzburg.

Eiseler, Hans.

  • Eiseler, Hans (1913-) German graduate engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61.

Eisenhardt.

  • Eisenhardt, Otto Karl (1905-1986) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Eisenhower.

  • Eisenhower, Dwight David (1890-1969) President of the United States, 1953-1961; began development of Jupiter, Thor, Atlas, Titan, Polaris, and Minuteman - the foundation of US access to space. His distrust of of the military led him to create NASA to handle space programs.

Elyasberg.

  • Elyasberg, Pavel Yefrimovich (1914-1988) Russian officer. From 1968 Head of the Institute for Space Research of the Academy of Sciences. Colonel, Lenin Prize laureate, doctor of technical science, professor, scientific consultant to 4-NII-MO 1959-1968.

Emme.

  • Emme, Eugene M (1919-1985) American NASA Historian. Eugene M. Emme became the NASA chief historian in 1959 and served until his retirement in 1979. Previously he had been a historian with the Air University of the U.S. Air Force.

Emmerich.

  • Emmerich, Lewis (1924-2004) American engineer. Project engineer for the Atlas-Mercury manned launch vehicle.

Enevoldson.

  • Enevoldson, Einar K (1932-) American test pilot. Flew the X-24B.

Engel.

  • Engel, Rudolf German writer. Space travel pioneer German rocket and space travel pioneer.

England.

  • England, Dr Anthony Wayne 'Tony' (1942-) American geophysicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F.

Engle.

  • Engle, Joe Henry (1932-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on X-15 Flight 138, X-15 Flight 143, X-15 Flight 153, STS-2, STS-51-I.

Enomoto.

  • Enomoto, Daisuke 'Dice-K' (1971-) Japanese businessman cosmonaut, 2004-2006.

Epps.

  • Epps, Jeanette Jo (1970-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Erdmann.

  • Erdmann, Siegfried (1916-2002) German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Berlin. Died in the Netherlands.

Esnault-Peltrie.

  • Esnault-Pelterie, Robert Albert Charles (1881-1957) French engineer. Pioneering spaceflight theoretician. French rocketry and spaceflight pioneer. A leading advocate of space travel, his speeches and writings created only limited enthusiasm for rocketry in France prior to WW2.

Espenlaub.

  • Espenlaub, Gottlob (1900-1972) German Engineer. Glider pilot and technical designer of sail and power planes.

Evans.

  • Evans, Ronald Ellwin Jr 'Ron' (1933-1990) American pilot astronaut. Flew combat missions over Vietnam. Flew on Apollo 17.

Everest.

  • Everest, Frank K American test pilot. Flew 161 combat missions in WWII, shooting down six enemy aircraft. Flew the X-1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Ewald.

  • Ewald, Dr Reinhold (1956-) German engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir 97.

Eyharts.

  • Eyharts, Leopold (1957-) French test pilot cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Pegase, ISS EO-16-2.

Fabian.

  • Fabian, John McCreary (1939-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-G.

Fabian, Dr.

  • Fabian, Dr German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the propellants group from 1947 to 1958. Then returned to Germany.

Fadeyev.

  • Fadeyev, Valentin Illarionovich (1922-1990) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Commander of the Baikonur Launch Centre, 1973-1979.

Fagan.

  • Fagan, Donald (1929-) American test engineer. Member of the Atlas management team, heading aspects of test and flight operations. Later President of Tracor.

Faget.

  • Faget, Maxime A (1921-2004) American Chief Designer of American manned spacecraft. Designed Mercury, Apollo, and Shuttle spacecraft.

Fang Guojun.

  • Fang Guojun (1934-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later.

Faris.

  • Faris, Mohammed Ahmed (1951-) Arab-Syrian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1. First Syrian to fly in space. Graduated from Military Pilot School, Aleppo, 1973. Colonel and pilot in the Syrian Air Force. Specialist in navigation. Returned to duty after his mission.

Farkas.

  • Farkas Bertalan 'Bertsi' (1949-) Hungarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-5. First Hungarian to fly in space.

Farrar.

  • Farrar, Jay (1931-) American engineer. Member of the Atlas management team; later President of Sanders Associates.

Farrimond.

  • Farrimond, Richard Alfred (1947-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986.

Fartushny.

  • Fartushny, Vladimir Grigoryevich (1938-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1968-1971.

Fastovets.

  • Fastovets, Aviard Gavrilovich (1937-) Russian test pilot, 1963-2001. From 1963 to 1978 test pilot for the Spiral spaceplane.

Fatkullin.

  • Fatkullin, Mars Nurgaliyevich (1939-2003) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1970.

Favier.

  • Favier, Dr Jean-Jacques (1949-) French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78.

Fedorov.

  • Fedorov, Petr Ivanovich (1898-1945) Russian officer. First Director of NII-l 1944-1945. Oversaw the early search for the A-4.

Fedrov.

  • Fedrov, Igor (-1991) Russian phantom cosmonaut. 1998 urban legend held that during the fall of Soviet Union, their cosmonauts were stranded on the Mir space station. Embodied on film by character Fedrov in short Norwegian film 'Kosmonaut'.

Fefelov.

  • Fefelov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1945-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1970-1995.

Fei Junlong.

  • Fei Junlong (1966-) Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 6. PLAAF pilot, flight trainer and flight technology inspector.

Feldman.

  • Feldman, George J (1904-) American businessman. Lawyer, financier, consultant to House Select Committee on Science and Astronautics in 1960, a director of Comsat 1962-1965.

Feltz.

  • Feltz, Charles H (1916-2003) Leading American space engineer. At North American 1940-1981. Chief Engineer on X-15, Apollo, and Space Shuttle. 1974-1981 served as Rockwell corporate trouble-shooter.

Feoktistov.

  • Feoktistov, Konstantin Petrovich (1926-2009) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1. First spacecraft designer in space.

Ferguson.

  • Ferguson, Christopher John (1961-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-115, STS-126, STS-135.

Fettman.

  • Fettman, Dr Martin Joseph (1956-) Jewish-American veterinarian payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-58.

Feustel.

  • Feustel, Andrew Jay 'Drew' (1965-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. Flew on STS-134.

Fichs.

  • Fichs, Walter H German expert in supersonics during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Wurtemberg.

Fichtner.

  • Fichtner, Hans Joachim Oskar (1917-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Fiedler.

  • Fiedler, Willy A German test pilot, aircraft research engineer. Fi-103 test pilot for the Fieselerwerke during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Waldsee, Wuerttemberg.

Fieseler.

  • Fieseler, Gerhard (1896-1987) German chief designer. Manufacturer of the V-1 cruise missile. German sport flier and aircraft manufacturer.

Figge.

  • Figge, Paul German Wehrmacht officer. Leader of the Supply and Logistics Special Group for the A-4 missile.

Filatyev.

  • Filatyev, Valentin Ignatyevich (1930-1990) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963.

Filipchenko.

  • Filipchenko, Anatoli Vassilyevich (1928-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 16.

Fincke.

  • Fincke, Edward Michael 'Mike' (1967-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-9, ISS EO-18, STS-134. 381 cumulative days in space.

Finger.

  • Finger, Harold B (1924-) American physicist. At NASA 1944-1969. Early work involved compressors. Chief of the nuclear engine program 1958-1967. NASA Associate Administrator for Organization and Management 1967-1969.

Finley.

  • Finley, John Lawrence 'Jack' (1935-2006) American test pilot astronaut, 1965-1968.

Finzel.

  • Finzel, Alfred Johannes (1916-1984) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Fischel.

  • Fischel, Eduard Martin (1902-1984) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Bad Reichenhall, Bavaria, Germany.

Fischer, Jack.

  • Fischer, Jack David "2fish" (1974-) American test pilot astronaut, 2009-on.

Fisher.

  • Fisher, Dr Anna Lee Tingle (1949-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-A. First mother in space. Was married to astronaut William Fisher. Took extended leave 1989 to 1996 to raise family.

Fisher, William.

  • Fisher, Dr William Frederick (1946-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I. Was married to astronaut Anna Fisher.

Fitzgerald.

  • Fitzgerald, James T (-1949) American test pilot. Second person to break the sound barrier on the XS-1 # 1. Killed in a flight accident not long after his XS-1 flight series.

Flade.

  • Flade, Klaus-Dietrich (1952-) German engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir 92.

Flanigan.

  • Flanigan, Peter M (1923-) American businessman. A member of the White House staff involved in gaining approval for the shuttle program in 1969-1972.

Flax.

  • Flax, Alexander H (1921-) American engineer. Worked at Curtiss 1940-1944; Piasecki 1944-1946; Cornell 1946-1955. Leading scientific positions at USAF 1955-1969.

Fleischer.

  • Fleischer, Karl-Otto (-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Fleming.

  • Fleming, Patrick Dawson (-1956) American test pilot, flew numerous test aircraft at Edwards AFB until killed in first crash of a B-52.

Fletcher.

  • Fletcher, James C (1919-1991) American engineer, administrator of NASA 1971-1977 (completion of Apollo and beginning of shuttle) and 1986-1989 (NASA restructuring after Challenger disaster).

Flores.

  • Flores, Pablo (1971-) Argentine cosmonaut candidate.

FM-2.

  • FM-2 Russian phantom cosmonaut. Radiation phantom, instrumented anthromorphic dummy (with Gagarin's face!) used to measure radiation dose rates in circumlunar space. Flew to moon and back on Zond 7, 1969 and in earth orbit on Cosmos 368, 1970.

Foale.

  • Foale, Dr Colin Michael 'Mike' (1957-) British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, Mir NASA-4, STS-103, ISS EO-8; 373 days in space. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004.

Foelster.

  • Foelster German engineer and rocket technician; worked in France after WW2 as part of the armature group at LRBA from 1947 to 1953, then returned to Germany.

Ford.

  • Ford, Kevin Anthony (1960-) American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on.

Ford, Gerald.

  • Ford, Gerald R (1913-) American politician. House of Representatives 1948-1973; Vice President 1973-1974; President 1974-1977. No new space initatives, stewarded Nixon's program of ending Apollo, single Apollo-Soyuz flight, continued Shuttle development.

Foreman.

  • Foreman, Michael James (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-123, STS-129.

Forman.

  • Forman, Edward S (1912-1973) Early American rocket pioneer; co-founder of Aerojet

Forrester.

  • Forrester, Patrick Graham (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-105, STS-117, STS-128.

Forschner.

  • Forschner, Otto German SS SS Officer. SS Sturmbannfuehrer and operations director of the Mittelwerk.

Fossum.

  • Fossum, Michael Edward (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121, STS-124, ISS EO-28.

Foster.

  • Foster, John S American physicist. Director of Defense Research and Engineering 1965-1973; served on 1992 review board on post-Cold War space policy.

Freedman.

  • Freedman, Toby (1924-) American physician. Human factors physiologist at North American, proved feasibilty of Apollo three-crew cabin.

Freeman.

  • Freeman, Theodore Cordy 'Ted' (1930-1964) American test pilot astronaut, 1963-1964. Died in crash of T-38 trainer after bird strike on windshield.

Frey.

  • Frey German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on amplifiers in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Frick.

  • Frick, Stephen Nathaniel (1964-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-110, STS-122. Flew 26 combat missions over Iraq.

Fricke.

  • Fricke, Werner German expert in guided missile design during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Braunschweig.

Friederich.

  • Friederich, Paul German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Friedrich, Hans.

  • Friedrich, Hans Rudolph (1911-1958) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Frimout.

  • Frimout, Dirk Dries David Damian (1941-) Belgian engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45. First Belgian astronaut.

Frisbee.

  • Frisbee, Walter American phantom cosmonaut. Mysterious tenth member of second NASA astronaut group. The fearless Frisby was in fact a joke on the NASA press corps created by astronauts Lovell and Conrad.

Frolov.

  • Frolov, Yevgeni A Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Civilian Engineer, Korolev bureau. On 18 May 1964 selection as cosmonaut not approved.

Frosch.

  • Frosch, Robert A (1928-) American physicist, NASA administrator 1976-1981. During his tenure the shuttle was developed from paper design to flight hardware.

Frutkin.

  • Frutkin, Arnold W (1918-) American scientist. Deputy Director, US IGY Committee, 1956-1958. NASA senior negotiator for international space agreements, 1959-1979.

Fubini.

  • Fubini, Eugene G (1913-1997) Italian-American physicist. Worked for the US military in a succession of technical and scientific position 1942-1969.

Fuglesang.

  • Fuglesang, Arne Christer (1957-) Swedish engineer cosmonaut, mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116, STS-128.

Fuhrmann.

  • Fuhrmann, Herbert Walter (1912-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Fuller.

  • Fulier, Michal (1955-) Slovak pilot cosmonaut, 1998-1999.

Fuller, Craig.

  • Fuller, Craig American US Government Politician. Craig Fuller was President Ronald Reagan's Cabinet Secretary in the early 1980s and arranged for NASA's space station proposal to be discussed at a meeting of the Cabinet Council for Commerce and Trade.

Fullerton.

  • Fullerton, Charles Gordon (1936-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-3, STS-51-F.

Fulton.

  • Fulton, Fitzhugh L (1925-) American test pilot, flew the B-52 launch aircraft for the X-15 and the 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft for shuttle ALT tests.

Funk.

  • Funk, Mary Wallace 'Wally' (1939-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Furrer.

  • Furrer, Dr Reinhard Alfred (1940-1995) Austrian physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. Died in an airplance crash.

Furukawa.

  • Furukawa, Satoshi (1964-) Japanese physician mission specialist astronaut, 1999-on. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA. Flew on ISS EO-28.

Fyodorov.

  • Fyodorov, Anatoli Pavlovich (1941-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1974. Graduated from E.N. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School, 1963. Cosmonaut training November 1965-December 1967. Flight controller in Kaliningrad until he retired in 1992.

Gaffney.

  • Gaffney, Dr Francis Andrew 'Drew' (1946-) American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40.

Gagarin.

  • Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich (1934-1968) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 1. First person in space. Due to his fame, the Soviet leadership did not want to risk him on another flight, but later relented. Died in a 1968 MiG trainer crash while requalifying for flight status.

Gaidukov.

  • Gaidukov, Sergei Nikolayevich (1936-2008) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1978. Retired due to medical reasons (injured during parachute training). Worked as an engineer until 1988, when he retired from all work for medical reasons.

Gaidukov, Lev.

  • Gaidukov, Lev Mikhailovich (1911-) Russian officer. Soviet Lieutenant General, headed group that acquired German rocket technology and engineers, 1945-1946. In 1949 made Chief of State Commissions for rocket testing; in 1960 named head of the Second Directorate of the RVSN.

Galeyev.

  • Galeyev, Albert Abubakirovich (1940-) Russian officer. Director from 1988 of the Institute for Space Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences Soviet physicist. Worked at the Institute for Space Research of the Russian Academy of Science from 1973.

Galileo.

  • Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Italian scientist. Used the telescope for astronomy, proving Copernicus heliocentric system. Discovered cratered surface of moon, moons of Jupiter, and that Milky Way was made of stars. By experiment disproved Aristotlean physics concepts.

Gallay.

  • Gallay, Mark Lazarevich (1914-1998) Russian test pilot. Led training at the Cosmonaut Training Centre, Test pilot of Gromov Lll.

Ganzorig.

  • Ganzorig Maidarjabyn (1949-) Mongolian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1981.

Garan.

  • Garan, Ronald John Jr (1961-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-124, ISS EO-27.

Gardian.

  • Gardian German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the test stand group.

Gardner.

  • Gardner, Dale Allan (1948-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-8, STS-51-A.

Gardner, Guy.

  • Gardner, Guy Spencer (1948-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-27, STS-35. Grew up in Alexandria, Virginia. Flew 177 combat missions over Vietnam.

Gardner, Philip.

  • Gardner, Philip T (1918-) American engineer. Manager of test laboratories for the Atlas program.

Garn.

  • Garn, Edwin Jacob 'Jake' (1932-) American senator payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D.

Garneau.

  • Garneau, Dr Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc (1949-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-77, STS-97. First Canadian astronaut.

Garriott.

  • Garriott, Dr Owen Kay (1930-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Skylab 3, STS-9.

Garriott, Richard.

  • Garriott, Richard Allen (1961-) American space tourist. Flew on ISS EP-15. Son of astronaut Owen Garriott, raised in Nassau Bay, Texas. Sold first computer game at 16; made millions in computer games. Paid $30 million for a flight to the International Space Station.

Gartmann.

  • Gartmann, Heintz German expert in rocket propulsion during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Gasparini.

  • Gasparini, Jean-Marc Michel Daniel (1963-) French engineer astronaut, 1990-1998. Graduated from Polytechnic School, 1985 Combat and test pilot, French Air Force. Chief test pilot at Bretigny Flight Test Center .

Gates.

  • Gates, Thomas S (1906-1983) American manager. Navy Undersecretary 1953-1957; Secretary of the Navy 1957-1959, Secretary of Defense from 1959-1961. Under his watch Polaris was developed by the Navy and innumerable DOD space programs were begun.

Gavin.

  • Gavin, Jospeh American Manager. Grumman Vice Presidnet for Space Programs during development of the Apollo Lunar Module.

Gazenko.

  • Gazenko, Oleg Georgyevich (1918-) Russian physician. Director of IMBP 1969-1988. Performed early work on space medicine.

Geineder.

  • Geineder, Florian German expert in operation of the Kochel wind tunnel during World War II. As of January 1947, living in Kreis Tolz (French Zone of Occupation).

Geissler.

  • Geissler, Ernst (1915-1989) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Gemar.

  • Gemar, Charles Donald 'Sam' (1955-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-48, STS-62. US Army

Gengelbach.

  • Gengelbach, Werner Kurt (1912-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Genin.

  • Genin, Abram Moiseyevich (1922-) Russian officer. Directorate Chief of Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine 1964-1975.

Genser.

  • Genser, Philip (1929-) American engineer. Chief marketer of the Atlas commercial space launch vehicle.

Gentry.

  • Gentry (-2003) American test pilot. Flew the M2-F2, HL-10, X-24A and M2-F3.

Gerchik.

  • Gerchik, Konstantin Vasilyevich (1918-) Russian officer. Colonel-General, Commander of the RVSN Strategic Rocket Forces from August 1972 to 1979.

Gerhardt, Bernhard.

  • Gerhardt, Bernhard (1893-) German engineer, member of Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Kept there until 1957, the longest of any of the team members.

Gernhardt.

  • Gernhardt, Dr Michael Landon (1956-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-69, STS-83, STS-94, STS-104.

Gerrity.

  • Gerrity, Thomas Patrick (1913-1968) American officer. Head of Air Force ballistic missile programs 1960-1961.

Gerst.

  • Gerst, Alexander (1976-) German physicist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Gevorkyan.

  • Gevorkyan, Vladimir Mkrtychovich (1952-2008) Armenian-Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman Technical Higher School, Moscow, 1975 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. From 1991 General Director of Science Corporation "Terra".

Gibson.

  • Gibson, Robert Lee 'Hoot' (1946-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-61-C, STS-27, STS-47, STS-71. Flew combat missions over Vietnam. Was married to astronaut Rhea Seddon.

Gibson, Edward.

  • Gibson, Dr Edward George (1936-) American scientist astronaut. Flew on Skylab 4.

Gidzenko.

  • Gidzenko, Yuri Pavlovich (1962-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS EO-1, ISS EP-3. Call sign: Uran (Uranus).

Gilruth.

  • Gilruth, Robert R (1913-2000) American engineer, at NASA 1937-1952. Head of Mercury, 1959-1962, Director, Houston, 1962-1972. Under his leadership Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo were designed and flown, America won the moon race, and the shuttle was designed.

Gisel.

  • Gisel, William G (-1989) American Manager. President of Bell aircraft.

Givens.

  • Givens, Edward Galen Jr 'Ed' (1930-1967) American test pilot astronaut, 1966-1967. Died in an automobile accident.

Gladenbeck.

  • Gladenbeck German expert in guided missiles infra-red during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Allegemeine Elektrizitaets Gesellschaft (AEG).

Glazkov.

  • Glazkov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1939-2008) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 24.

Glenn.

  • Glenn, John Herschel Jr (1921-) American test pilot astronaut, later a politician and US Senator. First American in orbit on his first flight, Mercury MA-6, in 1962, and oldest person in space on his second flight, STS-95, in 1998.

Glennan.

  • Glennan, T Keith (1905-1995) American engineer, NASA administrator 1958-1961. Under his tenure NASA was created from NACA, JPL, and ABMA. He acquired von Braun's rocket team and Saturn booster from the Army, and the Air Force manned space project - renamed Mercury.

Glushko.

  • Glushko, Valentin Petrovich (1908-1989) Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for all large liquid propellant engines for missiles and LVs. Led Glushko bureau, 1946-1974; Headed NPO Energia 1974-1989, directing development of Energia launch vehicle and Buran spaceplane.

Goddard.

  • Goddard, Robert Father of American spaceflight; launched first liquid-fuel rocket, 1926. By 1936, testing essentially modern rockets. But reclusive, took patents but did not share lessons learned. Aerojet and von Braun did not benefit from his experience.

Goddard, Frank.

  • Goddard, Frank E (1915-) American aerodynamicist. Chief of aerodynamics at JPL; moved into management positions 1959-1962.

Godwin.

  • Godwin, Dr Linda Maxine (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108. Physicist. Was married to astronaut Steven Nagel.

Goebbels.

  • Goebbels, Joseph (1897-1945) German Politician. National Socialist politician and propaganda Minister. The dubbed the F-103 cruise missile and the A4 ballistic missile 'Vengeance weapons' and designated them V-1 and V-2 respectively.

Goering.

  • Goering, Hermann (1893-1946) German officer. Fighter ace in the WW1; Hitler's Luftwaffe commander. Supported quantum advances in aerospace, and fielded V-1 cruise missile, Me-262 jet, Me-163 rocket fighters. Funded Saenger rocket and ramjet work at Trauen.

Goertz.

  • Goertz German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the ballistics group at LRBA from 1947-1950. Then returned to Germany.

Goett.

  • Goett, Harry J (1910-2000) American engineer. At Langley from 1936, headed flight research at Ames 1958-1959, director of Goddard 1959-1965. Headed important 1960 committee that established NASA LV development plans. At Ford Aerospace from 1965.

Goldin.

  • Goldin, Daniel S (1940-) American engineer, NASA Administrator 1992-2001. Attempted reforms, with economical approach to space probe development and X-33, X-34, and X-38 to lower space launch costs. These seen as failures; while the ISS budget went out of control.

Golfetto.

  • Golfetto, Wander Almodovar Brazilian pilot mp candidate, 1998-1998.

Golovanov.

  • Golovanov, Yaroslav Kirillovich (1932-2003) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1967.

Golovin.

  • Golovin, Nicholas E (1912-1969) American physicist. NRL, 1946-1948; NBS 1949-1958; NASA 1960. Chaired seminal NASA-DOD large launch vehicle planning group 1961. White House technical advisor for aviation and space 1962-1968.

Gonor.

  • Gonor, Lev Robertovich (1906-1969) Russian bureaucrat. First Director of Nll-88 1946-1950. Dismissed 1950.

Good.

  • Good, Michael Timothy (1962-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on.

Goodlin.

  • Goodlin, Chalmers (1923-) American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 1 and XS-1 # 2.

Gorbachev.

  • Gorbachev, Mikhail S (1931-) Russian politician. Leader and diassembler of the Soviet Union, 1985-1989. He cancelled the Soviet Star Wars program. But as a result of the disintegration of the USSR, all Russian space development had ended by 1992.

Gorbatko.

  • Gorbatko, Viktor Vassilyevich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Salyut 6 EP-7.

Gordon.

  • Gordon, Richard Francis Jr 'Dick' (1929-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 11, Apollo 12.

Gordon, Henry.

  • Gordon, Henry Charles (1925-1996) American pilot astronaut, 1962-1963.

Goreglyad.

  • Goreglyad, Leonid Ivanovich (1915-1986) Russian officer. General Staff representative of the Cosmonaut Training Centre Aide to Kamanin.

Gorelick.

  • Gorelick, Sarah Lee nee Ratley (1931-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Gorie.

  • Gorie, Dominic Lee Pudwill (1957-) American test pilot astronaut 1995-2010. Flew on STS-91, STS-99, STS-108, STS-123. Flew 38 combat missions over Iraq.

Gosslau.

  • Gosslau, Fritz (1898-1965) German rocket engine designer.

Gough.

  • Gough, Melvin N (1906-1994) American test pilot. At Langley from 1926. From 1943 director of flight research. Director of NASA activities at Cape Canaveral 1958-1960.

Grabe.

  • Grabe, Ronald John 'Ron' (1945-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-J, STS-30, STS-42, STS-57. Flew 200 combat missions over Vietnam.

Grachev.

  • Grachev (-1961) Russian phantom cosmonaut, one of two that allegedly disappeared aboard 'Vostok 3' on a circumlunar mission in 1961. In reality multimanned Vostok would be flown until 1964, and no circumlunar missions until 1968.

Graciov.

  • Graciov, Alexis (-1960) Russian phantom cosmonaut, alleged sender of a morse code radio message from deep space received by the Judica-Cordiglia brothers on 1960.11.28. In fact Russia would not have a large enough booster for such a mission until 1968.

Graham.

  • Graham, Dr William R American engineer, deputy administrator of NASA 1985-1986.

Granson.

  • Granson German expert in rocket engines during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Walters Company, Kiel.

Grater.

  • Grater German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the internal instrumentation group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Grau.

  • Grau, Dieter (1913-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Graveline.

  • Graveline, Duane Edgar (1931-) American physician astronaut, 1965-1965.

Gray.

  • Gray, Edward Z (1915-) American engineer. At Boeing Co. 1943-1963 working on jets, then DynaSoar and Minuteman. NASA director of advanced manned missions, 1963-1967. At Grumman 1967-1973, then NASA 1978-1979, finally at Bendix.

Grechanik.

  • Grechanik, Aleksei Anatoliyevich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a flight to the Almaz space station. Engineer at the Kosmos Pavillon in Moscow.

Grechko.

  • Grechko, Georgi Mikhailovich (1931-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 7 EP-5.

Grechko, Andrei.

  • Grechko, Andrei Antonovich (1903-1976) Russian officer. Deputy Minister of Defence 1967-1976. Opponent of piloted space programs.

Greenewalt.

  • Greenewalt, Crawford H (1902-1993) American businessman. President of duPont from 1948. Chaired committee in 1959-1960 that established national space objectives for NASA (which did not include any short-term ambitious manned programs).

Greer.

  • Greer, Robert E American officer. Major General, managed completion of development of the S-II second stage of the Saturn V.

Gregory.

  • Gregory, Frederick Drew 'Fred' (1941-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B, STS-33, STS-44. Flew 550 combat missions in Vietnam. USAF helicopter pilot who would fly his T-38 trainer at alarmingly low altitude during cross-country trips. Paradoxically later appointed NASA Administrator for Safety.

Gregory, William.

  • Gregory, Dr William George 'Borneo' (1957-) African-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-67.

Grekov.

  • Grekov, Nikolai Sergeyevich (1950-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1986.

Grevesmuehl, Alfred.

  • Grevesmuehl, Alfred (1902-) German scientist in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Director of Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55.

Griegee.

  • Griegee, Rudolf German expert in chemical warfare / organic chemistry during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Karlsruhe-Durlach Kastellsr. 20.

Griffith.

  • Griffith, John H American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 2 and X-4 # 2.

Griggs.

  • Griggs, Stanley David (1939-1989) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D. Died in the crash of a World-War-II-era training plane.

Grigoryev.

  • Grigoryev, Mikhail (1917-1981) Russian officer. First Commander of Plesetsk 1957-1962.

Grimmel.

  • Grimmel German engineer and measurement technician.

Grishchenko.

  • Grishchenko, Vitali Andreyevich (1942-1992) Ukrainian navigator cosmonaut, 1965-1968.

Grishin.

  • Grishin, Lev Arkhipovich (1920-1960) Russian bureaucrat. Deputy Chairman of GKOT 1958-1960. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe.

Grissom.

  • Grissom, Virgil Ivan 'Gus' (1926-1967) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MR-4, Gemini 3. Second American in space and first Gemini commander. Flew 100 combat missions in Korea. Died in on-pad fire of Apollo 1.

Gritsenko.

  • Gritsenko, Ye A Russian engineer.

Groettrup.

  • Groettrup, Helmut (1916-1981) German engineer. Head of German design group held in Russia German rocket guidance expert, worked at Peenemuende and later headed German rocket team in Russia, 1945-1953. Headed the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Gromova.

  • Gromova, Mirya (-1959) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Soviet test pilot said to have flown a 'space airplane' into oblivion 1959.12. No evidence ever surfaced in post-Glasnost Russia to back up the claim.

Gromushkina.

  • Gromushkina, Nataliya Valerievna (1975-) Russian actor cosmonaut, 1998-2001. Actress, selected to appear in a film to be filmed aboard the Mir space station. Accomplished some training, but the project was cancelled.

Gross.

  • Gross, Robert Ellsworth (1897-1961) American manager. President of Lockheed, 1932-1961. Took a bankrupt company and made it an aerospace leader, including the Polaris SLBM, KH- series of reconnsats, Agena upper stage, X-17 rocket, and U-2, SR-71, and Suntan aircraft projects.

Gross, E.

  • Gross, E German SS Physician. Major, SS Medical Corps, German expert in biological warfare during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Wesselstedt.

Gross, I.

  • Gross, I German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the engine group at LRBA from 1947-1958, then returned to Germany.

Gruene.

  • Gruene, Hans (1910-1980) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Gruenow.

  • Gruenow, Heinrich German expert in liquid propellant rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, believed to be living at Zossen (40 km south of Berlin in the Russian Zone of Occupation).

Grunow.

  • Grunow, Heinrich German Propulsion expert. Rocket engine developer.

Grunsfeld.

  • Grunsfeld, Dr John Mace (1958-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1992-2010. Flew on STS-67, STS-81, STS-103, STS-109, STS-125.

Gruzdev.

  • Gruzdev Russian test pilot. Soviet Air Force test pilot, flew the BI-1 rocket plane in 1943.

Gubanov.

  • Gubanov, Boris Ivanovich (1930-1999) Russian engineer. Leading manager at the Yangel and Korolev design bureaus, 1972-1993.

Gubarev.

  • Gubarev, Aleksey Aleksandrovich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EP-2.

Gubenko.

  • Gubenko, Yevgeni Stepanovich (-1959) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1950-1959 of SKB-567. Specialised in ground communications systems for missiles.

Guderlein.

  • Guderlein German expert in guided missiles during World War II.

Guendel.

  • Guendel, Herbert Hans (1914-1976) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Boston, New York.

Guidoni.

  • Guidoni, Umberto (1954-) Italian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-100.

Gulyayev.

  • Gulyayev, Vladislav Ivanovich (1937-1990) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1968. Graduated from Soviet Navy Engineering School Cosmonaut training January 1963 - 21 January 1965. Resigned for medical reasons after an accident. Worked at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Died of a heart attack.

Gulyayev, Rudolf.

  • Gulyayev, Rudolf Alekseyevich (1934-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968. Scientist, Institute of Terrastrial Magnetism & Radiowaves of AN. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - August 1968. Left cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Worked as a research scientist at IZMIRAN.

Gurovskiy.

  • Gurovskiy, Nikolai Nikolayevich Russian physician. Deputy Director of IMBP. Began as physician at the Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine.

Gurragcha.

  • Gurragcha Jugderdemidiin 'Gurr' (1947-) Mongolian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-9. First Mongolian astronaut. Graduated from Zhukovsky Military Engineering Academy, 1977. Aeronautic engineer, Mongolian Air Force. From 2000 Mongolian Secretary of Defense.

Gusev.

  • Gusev, Leonid Ivanovich (1922-) Russian engineer. Director of Nll-695. After 1965 Director of NIIP. Led work on guidance systems.

Gushchin.

  • Gushchin, Nikolai Ivanovich Russian engineer. From 1989 Head and Chief Designer Kolomna Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau. Missile designer.

Gustav.

  • Gustav, Johann German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Gutierrez.

  • Gutierrez, Sidney McNeill 'Sid' (1951-) Hispanic-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-40, STS-59. Some data removed at subject's request.

Guy.

  • Guy, Will C American engineer. Deputy to Samuel K Hoffmann at Rocketdyne from 1948-1978.

Haagen.

  • Haagen, Eugen German expert in biological warfare during World War II.

Haas, Martin.

  • Haas, Martin German expert in rocket and aircraft equipment during World War II. Later worked in France at LRBA in the drafting group of the target acquisition department from 1947-1952.

Haase, Heinz.

  • Haase, Heinz (1910-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter. Graduate engineer who worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked as Deputy in charge of the Oxygen Plant.

Haber.

  • Haber, Heinz (1913-1990) German expert in aero-medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation). Later moved to America and becaeme an astrophysicist and popular writer on the prospects for spaceflight.

Habermann.

  • Habermann, Helmut German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Hackh.

  • Hackh, Rudolf (1900-1950) German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Hadfield.

  • Hadfield, Chris Austin (1959-) Canadian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-74, STS-100.

Haeussermann.

  • Haeussermann, Walter (1914-) German-American engineer. Worked on V-2 gyro platform at Peenemuende 1939-1942. Returned to von Braun's team in US in 1948, working on Hermes II and Redstone guidance systems, becoming Director, Guidance and Control Division, at Huntsville.

Hage.

  • Hage, George H (1925-) American engineer. At Boeing from 1947-1968, on Bomarc, Minuteman, and reconnsats. 1968-1969 NASA Deputy Director of the Apollo program. Returned to Boeing, then from 1973 President, Aerojet.

Hagen.

  • Hagen, John P (1908-1990) American astronomer. At NRL from 1935. Director, Vanguard program, 1955-1962. Thereafter professor of astronomy, Penn State.

Hager.

  • Hager, Karl Franz (1903-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Haig.

  • Haig, Thomas O American engineer and meteorologist, developed Moby Dick balloon, ground control stations for early USAF reconnsats, the first weather satellites, the Thor-Burner booster. Later worked on MOL and first global weather monitoring system.

Haignere.

  • Haignere, Jean-Pierre (1948-) French test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Altair, Mir EO-27. Was married to astronaut Claudie Andre-Deshays.

Haise.

  • Haise, Fred Wallace Jr 'Pecky' (1933-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 13. Survived first emergency beyond low earth orbit. Altitude (401,056 km) record.

Halik.

  • Halik, Nikos 'Nik' (1971-) Australian. Australian millionaire businessman who was the back-up to Richard Garriott for the space tourist seat on Soyuz TMA-13.

Halpern.

  • Halpern, Irwin P American Soviet specialist, director of NASA's Policy Analysis Staff in the mid 1960s; previously worked at the Central Intelligence Agency on Soviet and Chinese political-military affairs and doctrine.

Halsell.

  • Halsell, James Donald Jr (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-74, STS-83, STS-94, STS-101.

Ham.

  • Ham, Kenneth Todd (1964-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-124, STS-132.

Hamburg.

  • Hamburg, Friedrich German expert in rocket development during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Hannover (British Zone of Occupation).

Hamel.

  • Hamel, Michael Anthony (1950-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985.

Hammond.

  • Hammond, Lloyd Blaine Jr (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-64.

Hanes.

  • Hanes, Horace A (-2002) American test pilot. Grew up in Bellflower, Indiana. Flew the X-1B.

Hansen.

  • Hansen, Grant Lewis (1921-) American engineer, aerospace manager who played key roles in development of the Thor and Centaur rockets.

Hansen, Jeremy.

  • Hansen, Jeremy Roger (1976-) Canadian pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Harbaugh.

  • Harbaugh, Gregory Jordan 'Greg' (1956-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-54, STS-71, STS-82.

Harer.

  • Harer, Richard James American test pilot. Flew the X-1B.

Harr.

  • Harr, Karl G (1922-2002) American manager, served in senior US government policy boards in the late 1950's. President of the Aerospace Industries Association 1963-1988

Harras.

  • Harras German Officer. Staff officer with the Flak Research Section of the Luftwaffe.

Harris.

  • Harris, Dr Bernard Andrew Jr (1956-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55, STS-63. First African-American to walk in space.

Harris, Robert.

  • Harris, Robert D American engineer, leading Aerojet rocket engine designer; finished career as Vice President of Strategic and Space Propulsion Aerojet vice president in 1999. Retired to northern California.

Harrison.

  • Harrison, John (1919-) American engineer. Manager of Test Operations for the Atlas-Centaur and Titan 3E-Centaur.

Hart.

  • Hart, Terry Jonathan 'TJ' (1946-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C.

Hart, Jane.

  • Hart, Jane Briggs (1920-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Hartsfield.

  • Hartsfield, Henry Warren Jr 'Hank' (1933-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-4, STS-41-D, STS-61-A.

Hartshorn.

  • Hartshorn, Carl Lawrence 'Larry' (1921-2000) American engineer. Chief of Design for Plant Engineering for the Atlas

Haskell.

  • Haskell, George (1940-) British physicist. at ESA 1972-1992. 1972-1987 in ESA's space science planning office; 1987-1992, liaison officer for scientific use of the space station.

Hatry.

  • Hatry, Julius (1906-) German Test pilot. Technical designer and piloted one of the first German rocket planes.

Hauck.

  • Hauck, Frederick Hamilton 'Rick' (1941-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-A, STS-26. Flew 114 combat missions in Vietnam.

Haug.

  • Haug German engineer, member of the Rocket Team in France after WW2. Secondary school teacher, made responsible for translation and interface with the French engineers of the German rocket technicians working at LRBA in France after WW2.

Haukohl.

  • Haukohl, Guenther (1913-2002) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Hawker.

  • Hawker, John Edward 'Hawk' (1954-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1991. Chief Warrant Officer CW3, US-Army; graduated from Rotary Wing Flight School; in 1988 selected for TERRA SCOUT - US Army Project; retired from USA on 1994.04.01.

Hawley.

  • Hawley, Dr Steven Alan (1951-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-82, STS-93. Was married to astronaut Sally Ride.

Hayward.

  • Hayward, John Tucker (1910-) American officer. Naval liasison to Manhattan Project and Sandia. Deputy commanding officer for research and development, USN, 1957-1963.

Healey.

  • Healey, Roger American fictitious astronaut, featured in I Dream of Jeannie television program.

Healey, John.

  • Healey, John American engineer, one of the Martin managers brought to North American by Bergen after the Apollo fire. In charge of getting the Apollo 7 CSM 101 first article of the new configuration through its modification, construction, and completion.

Hedrick.

  • Hedrick, Walter (1921-) American USAF Officer. Walter Hedrick was an Air Force Brigadier General who was involved in space systems throughout the 1960s. In 1967, he became the Air Force's director of space, deputy chief of staff, research and development.

Heimberg.

  • Heimburg, Karl Ludwig (1910-1997) German-American engineer. Worked in Japan 1937-1941, then at Peenemuende. Worked on test stands for Wasserfall and A4b. Helped with Backfire. Then joined von Braun team, becoming Director, Test Division, in Huntsville.

Heine.

  • Heine German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on gyroscopes and antennae in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Heinemann, Wolfgang.

  • Heinemann, Wolfgang German expert in aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Peenemuende or DGS.

Heinisch.

  • Heinisch, Kurt (1910-) German rocket technician at Peenemuende.

Heinkel.

  • Heinkel, Ernst (1888-1958) German aircraft builder, owner of the Heinkel concern.

Heinlein.

  • Heinlein, Robert A (1907-1988) Leading American writer of technical science fiction, inspired many engineers that would later make space travel a reality. Major corporations, the military, and nuclear power were key aspects of the colonization of space in his stories.

Heiss.

  • Heiss, Klaus P (1942-) Austrian-American economist, prepared a major economic feasibility study for the Space Shuttle program in 1971. He later worked with Econ, Inc., and founded and headed Space Transportation Corp., in Princeton, New Jersey.

Hellebrandt.

  • Hellebrandt, Emil A H, (1914-1981) Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Heller.

  • Heller, Gerhard Bernhard (1914-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Helm.

  • Helm, Bruno (1909-1987) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Helms.

  • Helms, Susan Jane (1958-) American test engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-54, STS-64, STS-78, STS-101, ISS EO-2.

Henize.

  • Henize, Dr Karl Gordon (1926-1993) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F.

Hennen.

  • Hennen, Thomas John 'Tom' (1952-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44. US Army. Grew up in Columbus, Ohio, son of an Air Force officer.

Hennig.

  • Hennig, Otto German manufacturing engr. a4 assembly during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Witzenhausen bei Kassel Goldner Loewe (American Zone of Occupation).

Henning.

  • Henning, Alfred H (1904-) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. Went to the USA with von Braun, by 1960, Deputy Director, Weapons System Coordination Office, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.

Henning, Bruno.

  • Henning, Bruno (1908-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. Engineer who worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61.

Henricks.

  • Henricks, Terence Thomas 'Tom' (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-55, STS-70, STS-78.

Henry.

  • Henry, Richard C American officer. Commander of Air Force Space Division, 1978-1982; Vice Commander, Air Force Space Command 1982-1983.

Hermann, Rudolf.

  • Hermann, Rudolf (1904-1991) German-American expert in supersonics during World War II. Member of the German rocket team, arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Hermann, Werner.

  • Hermann, Werner German test pilot, aviation engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, living at c/o Forsthaus Beiberstein b. Fulda Revierfoerster Berg..

Hermaszewski.

  • Hermaszewski, Miroslaw 'Mirek' (1941-) Polish pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-3. First Polish astronaut.

Hernandez.

  • Hernandez, Jose Moreno (1962-) Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Herres.

  • Herres, Robert Tralles (1932-2008) American pilot astronaut, 1967-1969.

Herrington.

  • Herrington, John Bennett (1958-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-113.

Herrmann, Paul.

  • Herrmann, Paul German engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Aero Medicine Center, Heidelberg.

Hertel.

  • Hertel, Heinrich German expert in aircraft design during World War II. As of January 1947, living in the French Zone.

Hess.

  • Hess, Harry H (1906-1969) American geologist. Senior scientist involved in analysing the lunar samples returned to Earth by Project Apollo.

Heusinger.

  • Heusinger, Bruno (1912-1973) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Hieb.

  • Hieb, Richard James 'Rick' (1955-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-49, STS-65.

Higbee.

  • Higbee, Terry Alan (1949-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985.

Higginbotham.

  • Higginbotham, Joan Elizabeth Miller (1964-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116. Engineer.

Hilburn.

  • Hilburn, Earl D (1920-1989) American engineer. At NASA 1963-1966, in charge of industrial affairs. Later President of Western Union.

Hilliard.

  • Robertson, Patricia Consolatrix nee Hilliard (1963-2001) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2001.

Hilmers.

  • Hilmers, David Carl 'Dave' (1950-) American USMC engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42. Known as a religiously conservative astronaut; summed up many astronaut's fears of the shuttle, saying before a flight "I have no plans past MECO".

Hinners.

  • Hinners, Noel W (1935-) American geologist. Worked on Apollo at Bellcomm, 1963-1972. NASA HQ on lunar and space science programs, 1972-1979. Director NASM 1979-1982. Directed Goddard, 1982-1987. Associate Deputy Administrator 1987-1989. Martin Marietta VP, 1989-on.

Hintze.

  • Hintze, Guenther (1906-) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at El Paso, Texas.

Hire.

  • Hire, Kathryn Patricia 'Kay' (1959-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-130. US Navy aviator; first woman assigned to a combat aircrew.

Hirschler.

  • Hirschler, Otto Heinrich (1913-2001) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Hitler.

  • Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) German Politician. National Socialist politician and Reich Chancellor.

Hittenberger.

  • Hittenberger German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 to 1959 in the test stand group. Returned to Germany thereafter.

Hitter.

  • Hitter, Hans H (-1970) German Engineer. Rocket propulsion engineer and director of the Development Centre at Karlshagen.

Hixson.

  • Hixson, Jean (1922-1984) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Hjornevik.

  • Hjornevik, Wesley L (1926-2000) American bureaucrat. In federal service from 1949, NASA from 1959. Associate Director for Manned Space flight, Houston, 1961-1969. Then went to other government departments, and finally state of Texas.

Hoag.

  • Hoag, Peter American test pilot. Flew the HL-10.

Hobaugh.

  • Hobaugh, Charles Owen 'Scorch' (1961-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-104, STS-118, STS-129. US Marine Corps.

Hoberg.

  • Hoberg, Otto August (1912-1991) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Hoch.

  • Hoch, Johannes (1913-1955) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter. Flight control technician; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Hodge.

  • Hodge, John (1929-) British-American engineer. From 1952 worked at Avro. At NASA in flight controls from 1959 at Langley and Houston. 1982, Director of the Space Station Task Force, NASA HQ. Associate Administrator for Operations, Space Station, from 1986

Hodgson.

  • Hodgson, Alfred S American bureaucrat. At NASA from 1958. 1962-1968, leading administrative positions at NASA HQ.

Hoehne.

  • Hoehne German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the accelerometer group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Hoelker.

  • Hoelker, Rudi (1912-2003) German-American engineer. Member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group. As of 1960, Deputy Director, Aeroballistics Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Hoelzer.

  • Hoelzer, Helmut (1912-1987) German-American engineer. Worked at Peenemuende from 1939 on V-2 guidance system and Messina telemetry system. Led similar efforts for von Braun's later missiles, becoming Director, Computation Division, at Huntsville.

Hoernig.

  • Hoernig, Otto William Jr (1938-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986.

Hoeter.

  • Hoeter, Bernhard German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Hoffman.

  • Hoffman, Dr Jeffrey Alan 'Jeff' (1944-) Jewish-American astrophysicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D, STS-35, STS-46, STS-61, STS-75.

Hoffman, Samuel.

  • Hoffman, Samuel K American engineer. Head of Rocketdyne's Canoga Park, California Facility 1948-1971.

Hoffpauir.

  • Hoffpauir, Michael Edward (1957-) American Army geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992.

Hohmann.

  • Hohmann, Walter (1880-1945) German architect who became interested in interplanetary spaceflight, defined the minimum energy transfer orbit which bears his name in 1916. Rocket enthusiast with VfR but broke off contact after military took over development.

Hohmann, Bernhard.

  • Hohmann, Bernhard (1916-1984) German test pilot. Chief of Flight Development at Wright FIeld, consultant on astronaut flight safety on Mercury, Gemini, and MOL programs.

Holaday.

  • Holaday, William M (1901-1995) American manager, special assistant to the secretary of defense for guided missiles 1957-1958, then DOD director of guided missiles in 1958 and chairman of the civilian-military liaison committee, 1958-1960.

Holder.

  • Holder, Livingston Lionel Jr 'Livvy' (1956-) African-American engineer USAF spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1988. Later worked for the Boeing Company, then Vice President of Space Systems, Andrews Space.

Holderer.

  • Holderer, Oskar F (1919-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Holker.

  • Holker, Rudolf Franz Maria German-American expert in guided missiles during WW2. Member of the German rocket team, arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Hollweck.

  • Hollweck, Franz German aviation engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, living at c/o Weygand, Forsthaus Bieberstein bei Fulda / Revierfoerster Berg.

Holmes.

  • Holmes, Christopher John Nicholas (1950-) British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London.

Holmes, Brainard.

  • Holmes, D Brainard (1921-) American engineer and senior manager, at Bell 1945-1953; RCA, 1953-1961; Deputy Associate Administration for Manned Space Flight at NASA, 1961-1963. Thereafter at Raytheon 1963-1982, and Beechcraft from 1982.

Holmquest.

  • Holmquest, Dr Donald Lee (1939-) American physician astronaut, 1967-1971.

Holt.

  • Holt, Dr Ray Glynn (1959-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1994-1995.

Holtoner.

  • Holtoner, J Stanley American test pilot. Flew the X-1.

Hoover.

  • Hoover, Herbert H American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 2.

Hoover, George.

  • Hoover, George W (1915-1998) American naval officer and early space enthusiast, who, at ONR, became a driving force behind the Skyhook, D-558-1, and a supporter of von Braun's Project Orbiter.

Hopkins.

  • Hopkins, Michael Scott (1968-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Horn.

  • Horn, Helmut (1912-1994) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Horner.

  • Horner, Richard E (1917-) American USAF officer, associated with aerospace activities through out his career, pilot during World War II, and duty between 1945 and 1949 as director of flight test engineering at Wright Field, Ohio.

Horowitz.

  • Horowitz, Dr Scott Jay 'Doc' (1957-) Jewish-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-82, STS-101, STS-105. Grew up in Thousand Oaks, California. Left NASA for a position with ATK Thiokol, promoting shuttle-derived vehicles for use as the CEV launch vehicle.

Horowitz, Norman.

  • Horowitz, Norman H (1915-2005) American biologist, at Caltech from 1940, worked at JPL on the Viking Mars lander program.

Hosenthien.

  • Hosenthien, Hans Henning (1905-1996) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Hoshide.

  • Hoshide, Akihito (1968-) Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-124. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA.

Houbolt.

  • Houbolt, John C (1919-) American engineer, at NASA 1945-1985. Claimed to have discovered and certainly promoted the lunar orbit rendezvous strategy used for Apollo.

Hu Zhanzi.

  • Hu Zhanzi Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1958. He was a PLAAF pilot when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Huang Weilu.

  • Huang Weilu Chinese Engineer. Chief Designer for Chinese submarine-launched ballistic missiles.

Huebenner.

  • Huebenner German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Darmstadt-Eberstadt A. Hitlerstr. 164.

Hueter.

  • Hueter, Hans (1906-1970) German-Swiss engineer. Member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after WW2.

Huettuer.

  • Huettuer, Lothar German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Hughes-Fulford.

  • Hughes-Fulford, Dr Millie Elizabeth (1945-) American biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40. Biochemist. US Army

Hujsak.

  • Hujsak, Edward J (1925-) American engineer. Designer of rocket engines and advanced launch vehicle designs; worked on the Rascal, Atlas, Centaur, and Space Station programs.

Humphrey.

  • Humphrey, Hubert H (1911-1978) American politician, in Senate 1949-1964 and 1971-1978, Vice President 1965-1969. In 1958 pressed for creation of a cabinet-level Department of Science and Technology, but defeated by Eisenhower's proposal to establish NASA.

Hunsaker.

  • Hunsaker, Jerome C (1886-1984) American engineer. Organized and headed department of aeronautical engineering at MIT, 1939-1951. Influentical, and discouraged development of jet and rocket propulsion in the US before 1945.

Hurley.

  • Hurley, Douglas Gerald (1966-) American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on. Flew on STS-127, STS-135. US Marine Corps.

Husband.

  • Husband, Rick Douglas (1957-2003) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-96, STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Husser.

  • Husser, F German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot.

Huzel.

  • Huzel, Dieter Karl F (1912-1994) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Hyatt.

  • Hyatt, Abraham (1910-1998) American engineer. Navy chief aeronautics scientist, 1948-1958. Director positions at NASA, 1959-1964. After 1965 corporated director at NA.

Iblefeld.

  • Iblefeld, Herbert German Luftwaffe Luftwaffe Pilot. Colonel and Commander of the JG 1 of the German Luftwaffe.

Illarionov.

  • Illarionov, Valeri Vasilyevich (1939-1999) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1970-1992. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, 1967 Soviet Air Force, specialized in communications systems. Served as CapCom during several Soyuz missions. Also involved in the Buran program.

Illyin.

  • Illyin, Dr Yevgeni Aleksandrovich (1937-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966.

Ilyushin.

  • Ilyushin, Vladimir Sergeyevich Russian test pilot. Most tangible phantom cosmonaut, purported first man in orbit according to French press report two days before Gagarin. A real person and test pilot, but no evidence he ever flew in space or trained as a cosmonaut.

Iosifyian.

  • Iosifyian, Andronik Gevondovich (1905-1993) Armenian-Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1974 of Nll-627/VNIIEM. Specialised in power sources and remote-sensing spacecraft.

Irwin.

  • Irwin, James Benson 'Jim' (1930-1991) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 15. Eighth person to walk on the moon.

Isakov.

  • Isakov, Vladimir Timofeyevich (1940-) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1983.

Isaulov.

  • Isaulov, Yuri Fedorovich (1943-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1982.

Isayev.

  • Isayev, Aleksei Mikhailovich (1908-1971) Soviet Chief Designer at OKB-2, 1947-1971. Developed storable rocket engines for missiles, supplying innovative engines for Scuds, SLBM's. Leading designer of restartable space engines for satellites, manned spacecraft, and space stations.

Ishlinskiy.

  • Ishlinskiy, Aleksandr Yulevich (1913-) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Mechanics 1964-1989. Prepared space communiqués.

Istochnikov.

  • Istochnikov, Ivan (-1968) Russian phantom cosmonaut, reported lost aboard Soyuz 2, an unmanned spacecraft that was the docking target for Soyuz 3. Actually an elaborate 1998 modern art exercise by Joan Fontcuberta. Casual Internet surfers took it to be a real person.

Ivanchenkov.

  • Ivanchenkov, Aleksandr Segeyevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-2, Salyut 7 EP-1. Graduated MAI, 1964 Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Trained for a Buran flight. From 1993 served as deputy director of 29th Department, RKK Energia.

Ivanishin.

  • Ivanishin, Anatoli Alekseyevich (1969-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Ivanishin was a Captain in the Russian Air Force at Petrozavodsk when selected. A senior fighter pilot with the VVS, he had flown MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters. Russian Air Force

Ivanov.

  • Ivanov, Leonid Georiyevich (1950-1980) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, Katchinsk, 1971 Major and pilot, Soviet Air Force. Cosmonaut training 23 August 1976 - 30 January 1979. Died in the crash of a MiG-27 aircraft during a test flight.

Ivanov, Georgi.

  • Ivanov, Georgi (1940-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-5-1. First Bulgarian astronaut. Changed his name when he was selected for cosmonaut training because Kakalov had a scatalogical meaning in Russian. Later member of the Bulgarian Parliament.

Ivanov, I.

  • Ivanov, Igor S Russian physician cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut, but on 26 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission.

Ivanov, Ivan.

  • Ivanov, Ivan (1918-) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of Yangel design bureau. Led work on the engine for the LK manned lunar lander.

Ivanov, Vladimir.

  • Ivanov, Vladimir Leontevich (1936-) Russian officer. Colonel-General, Commander of the Russian Space Forces (VKS) 1992-1997. Served in rocket forces in a series of ascending positions, beginning at Plesetsk in 1958.

Ivanova.

  • Ivanova, Yekaterina Aleksandrowna (1949-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1983-1994.

Ivanovich.

  • Ivanovich, Ivan Russian phantom cosmonaut. Two Vostok test flights used a mannequin, dubbed 'Ivan Ivanovich'. To prevent confusion by peasants who might think he was a dead cosmonaut or alien, a sign reading 'MAKET' ('dummy') was placed under his visor.

Ivanovskiy.

  • Ivanovskiy, Oleg Genrikhovich (1922-) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1971-1983 of Lavochkin design bureau. Began career at Korolev's bureau, working on Sputnik and Vostok.

Ivashutin.

  • Ivashutin, Petr Ivanovich (1903-) Russian bureaucrat. First Deputy Chairman of KGB 1959-1963. GRU Chief 1963-1988.

Ivensen.

  • Ivensen, Pavel Albertovich (1908-) Russian engineer. Participated in the early development of Proton and Salyut. Chelomei design bureau engineer.

Ivins.

  • Ivins, Marsha Sue (1951-) Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-32, STS-46, STS-62, STS-81, STS-98. NASA flight engineer.

Ivoninskiy.

  • Ivoninskiy, Gennadiy Sergeyevich (1932-) Russian officer. Major-General, Head of the Trials Directorate at Plesetsk, 1981-1985. Served in Kapustin Yar 1955-1963, then transferred to Plesetsk.

Izotov.

  • Izotov, Sergei Petrovich (1917-1983) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1960-1983 of OKB- 117. Although predominately an aircraft turbine engine designer, he also developed the engines for Chelomei's UR-100 missile and LK-700 manned lunar lander.

Jackson.

  • Jackson, Henry M (1912-1983) American politician. Powerful Congressman, serving from 1940-1986. In the 1950's a leading advocate of greater attention to the development of the U.S. missile program.

Jacobi.

  • Jacobi, Walter (1918-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Jaehn.

  • Jaehn, Sigmund Werner Paul 'Sig' (1937-) German pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-4. First German astronaut.

Jaffke.

  • Jaffke, Heinz (1907-) German architect. Member of German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Building engineer; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Jahnke.

  • Jahnke German expert in rocket motors during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Kiel (British Zone of Occupation).

Jahns.

  • Jahns, Walter German expert in high frequency long range rocket during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Clausenthal-Zellerfeld.

James.

  • James, Larry Dean (1956-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987.

James, Lee.

  • James, Lee B (1920-2006) American Army officer, assigned to ABMA Huntsville 1956-1960. Seconded to NASA 1962-1971, where he oversaw NASA Huntsville, except for a stint 1962-1968 as Deputy Director for the Apollo program.

Jankowski.

  • Jankowski, Zenon 'Zden' (1937-) Polish pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1978. Graduated from General Staff Academy "Karol Swierczewski", 1969 Fighter pilot, Polish Air Force. Commander, Deblin Air Force School. Later retired from all duties.

Jarvis.

  • Jarvis, Gregory Bruce (1944-1986) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident.

Jasman.

  • Jasman German expert in rocket engines during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Walter Company, Kiel.

Jasper.

  • Jasper, Alois (1912-) German rocket technician in WW2; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Jastrow.

  • Jastrow, Robert (1925-) American physicist, headed NASA space studies 1961-1981.

Jauernick.

  • Jauernick, Rolf German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Jemison.

  • Jemison, Dr Mae Carol (1956-) African-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47. Physician. First African-American woman to fly in space.

Jens-Goercke.

  • Jens-Goercke, Paul German engineer in WW2. Member of the German rocket team in Egypt 1960-1963.

Jernigan.

  • Jernigan, Dr Tamara Elizabeth 'Tammy' (1959-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40, STS-52, STS-67, STS-80, STS-96. Astronomer. Was married to astronaut Jeff Wisoff.

Jett.

  • Jett, Brent Ward Jr (1958-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-81, STS-97, STS-115.

Jing Haipen.

  • Jing Haipen (1966-) Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 7. In the 05/2003 issue of Fliegerrevue, this was one of 12 new names listed as Chinese astronauts in training. Selected in 2008 as prime crew of Shenzhou 7.

Joachim.

  • Joachim, Carl German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Bremen.

Johnson.

  • Johnson, Richard L American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 1 and X-4 # 2.

Johnson, Caldwell.

  • Johnson, Caldwell Christian (1919-) American designer, at NASA 1937-1972, second part of the creative pairing with American "chief designer" Max Faget. He laid out the basic design for the Mercury and Apollo spacecraft.

Johnson, Gregory C.

  • Johnson, Gregory Carl 'Ray J' (1954-) American test pilot astronaut, 1998-on.

Johnson, Gregory H.

  • Johnson, Gregory Harold 'Box' (1962-) British-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-123, STS-134. Flew 34 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm.

Johnson, John.

  • Johnson, John A (1915-) American manager, senior management positions and then CEO at Comsat, 1963-1980.

Johnson, Kelly.

  • Johnson, Clarence L 'Kelly' (1910-1990) American engineer, at Lockheed 1933-1975, headed 'Skunk Works' design shop, responsible for F-80, F-104, Suntan, U-2,, and SR-71 designs among many others.

Johnson, Lyndon.

  • Johnson, Lyndon B (1908-1973) American politician, Senator 1949-1961, Vice President 1960-1963, President 1963-1969; huge supporter of civilian space flight, instrumental in creating NASA, and providing the political and budgetary support for the Apollo moon landing progra

Johnson, Nicholas.

  • Johnson, Nicholas L American NASA Historian. Nicholas L. Johnson is NASA's chief scientist for orbital debris at the Johnson Space Center. Previously, he worked in private industry and was considered an expert on the Soviet space program.

Johnson, Roy.

  • Johnson, Roy W (1906-1965) American manager at GE, first director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency, 1958-1959, headed DoD's initial space efforts.

Johnson, Vincent.

  • Johnson, Vincent L (1918-2005) American engineer, at USN 1947-1960, NASA 1960-1974. Program manager for Scout, Delta, and Centaur.

Johnston.

  • Johnston, Mary Helen (1945-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1985.

Johnston, Alvin.

  • Johnston, Alvin M American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 2.

Johnston, Curt.

  • Johnston, Curt (1927-) American engineer. Test conductor of earliest Atlas launches; Convair base manager at Vandenberg.

Johnston, Paul.

  • Johnston, S Paul American Engineer. S. Paul Johnston was director of the Institute for Aeronautical Sciences. He was also a member of the Purcell Panel that assessed space flight capabilities for the U.S. government in 1957-1958.

Jones.

  • Jones, Dr Thomas David 'Tom' (1955-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-59, STS-68, STS-80, STS-98.

Jones, Charles.

  • Jones, Charles Edward 'Chuck' (1952-2001) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987. Killed in 9-11 hijacking.

Jones, Robert.

  • Jones, Robert 'RT' (1910-1999) American engineer, credited by NASA as inventor of the swept-back and oblique wing concepts.

Jones, Walter.

  • Jones, Walter P (1924-1953) American test pilot, flew the D-558-1, D-558-2, X-4, and X-5. Died in crash of the YF-89D prototype interceptor.

Joos.

  • Joos, Georg German chief physicist at Zeiss during World War II. As of January 1947, living in the American Zone.

Joseph.

  • Joseph, Daryl James (1949-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985.

Jung.

  • Jung German expert in chemical warfare during World War II.

Jungert.

  • Jungert, Wilhelm German engineer in WW2, member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group.

Just.

  • Just German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on radio beam guidance in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Kachigan.

  • Kachigan, Karl American Chief Engineer and Director, Atlas Launch Vehicle, at General Dynamics in the 1970's and 1980's

Kachur.

  • Kachur, Ivan (-1960) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Said to have died in October 1960 in first attempted Soviet manned flight. Linked to model Khrushchev was to have revealed at UN. In fact, model was of Mars probe that failed.

Kadenyuk.

  • Kadenyuk, Leonid Konstantinovich (1951-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87. Longest wait for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut - 21 years. Soyuz cosmonaut 1976-1983; Spiral pilot 1983-1987; Buran pilot, 1987-1989, NASA PS, 1996.

Kalashnikov.

  • Kalashnikov, Aleksei Sergeyevich (1921-) Russian officer; after service in WW2, assigned to GAU section monitoring missile work of OKB-1. Worked in ascending positions at Kapustin Yar 1951-1960, then at GURVO staff 1961-1981. From 1981 deputy chief of NPO Geofizika.

Kaleri.

  • Kaleri, Aleksandr Yuryevich (1956-) Latvian-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-11, Mir EO-22, Mir EO-28, ISS EO-8, ISS EO-25. 769 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO.

Kalmykov.

  • Kalmykov, Valeriy Dmitriyevich (1908-1974) Russian bureaucrat. Minister of Radio-Technical Industry 1954-1974.

Kamanin.

  • Kamanin, Nikolai Petrovich (1908-1982) Russian VVS Officer, first commander of Soviet cosmonaut detachment 1960-1971. Advocate of piloted spaceflight, fought constantly for VVS role in space, blamed loss of space race on Korolev's insistence on using automated systems.

Kamm.

  • Kamm, Robert W (1917-2001) American aerodynamicist, at NASA 1939-1946, 1959-1968. Served in NASA California management positions.

Kanai.

  • Kanai, Norishige (1976-) Japanese physician mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Kantrowitz.

  • Kantrowitz, Arthur (1913-) American physicist, founded Avco-Everett in 1955. Vice president and director of Avco Corporation, 1856-1978.

Kaplan.

  • Kaplan, Joseph (1902-1991) Hungarian-American geophysicist, heavily involved in efforts in the 1950s to launch the first satellite, served as the chair of the US National Committee for the International Geophysical Year, 1953-1963.

Karas.

  • Karas, Andrei Grigoryevich (1918-1979) Russian officer, Commander, TsUKOS / GUKOS 1965-1979. Ended WW2 as commander of an artillery corps. After study at Dzerzhinsky, assigned to Kapustin Yar from 1951, followed by assignments at 4 NIIP MO and Baikonur. Chief of TsKIK 1959-1965.

Karashtin.

  • Karashtin, Dr Vladimir Vladimirovich (1962-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2002.

Karpov.

  • Karpov, Yevgeni Anatolyevich (1921-1990) Russian officer. First Director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre 1960-1963.

Karrask.

  • Karrask, Vladimir Konstantinovich (1928-2004) Russian chief designer. From 1964-1986 Deputy Chief Designer, and from 1986-1989 Chief Designer of KB Salyut.

Kartashov.

  • Kartashov, Anatoli Yakovlevich (1932-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961.

Kartukov.

  • Kartukov, Ivan Ivanovich Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of KB-2 of Factory 81. Specialised in solid-propellant engines for spacecraft.

Kaschig.

  • Kaschig, Erich (1906-1988) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Katerinich.

  • Katerinich, Mikhail Mikhailovich (1918-) Russian officer. Major-General, veteran of early rocketry activities at Kapustin Yar from 1949.

Katorgin.

  • Katorgin, Boris Ivanovich Russian chief designer. From 1991 General Director and Chief Designer NPO Energomash. Designer of liquid propellant rocket engines and chemical lasers.

Katys.

  • Katys, Georgiy Petrovich (1926-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1964-1972.

Katz.

  • Katz, Amron Harry (1915-) American physicist. At Rand, 1954-1969; specialist aerospace reconnaissance. Amron Harry Katz was a physicist who worked with the Rand Corp, Santa Monica, California, between 1954 and 1969. He was a specialist aerospace reconnaissance.

Kauba.

  • Kauba German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on amplifiers in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Kaufmann.

  • Kaufmann, Walther German expert in aerodynamical research during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Graefeling-Munich Spitzelberste, 5.

Kavandi.

  • Kavandi, Dr Janet Lynn (1959-) American chemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-91, STS-99, STS-104. Chemist.

Kayser.

  • Kayser, Lutz T (1939-) German engineer and low-cost rocket pioneer. 1975-1987 developed Otrag concept - clustered large numbers of low-cost storable liquid rocket modules to reduce costs by 10x. Tested in Congo and Libya, but project killed by vested interests.

Keathley.

  • Keathley, William C American engineer, at NASA from 1966. Project manager for the Skylab Apollo Telescope Mount Optical Telescope Assembly; manager of Hubble Space Telescope from 1977.

Kehlet.

  • Kehlet, Alan Bernard (1929-) American engineer. Inventor of lenticular manned spacecraft; managerial engineering positions on Apollo program (1962-1969); Vice President for Delta booster 1988-1993.

Keiner.

  • Keiner German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France, first at LRBA as part of the structures group, then at SEP. Died in 1986.

Keldysh.

  • Keldysh, Mstislav Vsevolodovich (1911-1978) Chief Theoretician of the Soviet missile and space programmes, 1946-1978. Played a key role in virtually every space project decision until his death. He was President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1961 to 1975.

Kellogg.

  • Kellogg, William W (1917-) American Meteorologist. William W. Kellogg was a meteorologist with the Rand Corp. between 1947 and 1959. Thereafter, he held a senior position with the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

Kelly.

  • Kelly, James McNeal 'Vegas' (1964-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-102, STS-114.

Kelly, Mark.

  • Kelly, Mark Edward (1964-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-108, STS-121, STS-124, STS-134. Twin brother of astronaut Scott Kelly. Grew up in West Orange, New Jersey. Flew 39 combat missions over Iraq.

Kelly, Mervin.

  • Kelly, Mervin J (1894-1971) American physicist, at Bell Laboratories from 1934, President 1951-1959. Science advisor to NASA, 1961.

Kelly, Scott.

  • Kelly, Scott Joseph (1964-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-103, STS-118, ISS EO-25. Twin brother of astronaut Mark Kelly.

Kelly, Thomas.

  • Kelly, Thomas J (1927-2002) American Chief Designer, at Grumman 1951-1992. Led development, test and flight of the Apollo Lunar Module1960-1972.

Kemper.

  • Kemper, J German Physician. Captain, Military, German expert in biological warfare during World War II.

Kemurdzhian.

  • Kemurdzhian, Rleksandr Leonovich Russian engineer. Chief Designer of VNII-100. Specialised in robotic lunar rovers.

Kennedy.

  • Kennedy, John F (1916-1963) American polictician, President of the United States, 1961-1963. Declared the goal of landing an American on the moon by 1970 in 1961 as a means of beating the Soviet Union in the space race.

Kensche.

  • Kensche, Heinz German Luftwaffe test pilot.

Kepler.

  • Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) German scientist. Astronomer who derived the laws of planetary motion.

Kerimov.

  • Kerimov, Kerim Aliyevich (1919-) Russian officer. First Commander of TsUKOS 1964-1965. Directorate Chief of Ministry of General Machine Building 1965-1974.

Kershner.

  • Kershner, Robert B (1913-1982) American Chief Designer. Developer of the Transit navigation satellite system.

Kerwin.

  • Kerwin, Dr Joseph Peter (1932-) American physician astronaut. Flew on Skylab 2. Member of first successful space station mission.

Kettler.

  • Kettler German Manager. Operations director of the Mittelwerk.

Kety.

  • Kety, Seymour S (1915-2000) American physician, chair of NASA's bioscience advisory committee in 1959.

Keyworth.

  • Keyworth, George A (1939-) American physicist, science advisor to President Reagan 1981-1986, former head of Los Alamos laboratory. Played key role in 'star wars' development controversy.

KGB Dwarf.

  • KGB Dwarf (-1971) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Moscow urban legend of 1970: diminutive robot Lunokhod crawler was actually driven by a midget KGB agent on a one-way suicide mission to the lunar surface.

Khaleed.

  • bin Khaleed, Dr Faiz (1980-) Malaysian physician cosmonaut, 2006-2007. Backup to first Malaysian in space.

Khatulev.

  • Khatulev, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1947-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1980. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB

Khludeyev.

  • Khludeyev, Yevgeni Nikolayevich (1940-1995) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1988. Graduated from Kiev AF Academy of Engineering,1962. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked as research scientist at the Gagarin Center. Involved in the Buran program from 1986 - 1988. Died of a heart attack.

Khokhlov.

  • Khokhlov, Nikolai Dmitriyevich Russian bureaucrat. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1983. Responsible for quality control.

Khomyakov.

  • Khomyakov, Mikhail Stepanovich Russian engineer. Deputy General Designer of NPO Energia. At Korolev design bureau, he was lead designer for Sputnik.

Khristianovich.

  • Khristianovich, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1908-) Russian scientist. Specialised in ICBMs at TsAGI 1942-1953 From 1953 worked at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics.

Khrunichev.

  • Khrunichev, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1901-1961) Russian bureaucrat. Minister of Aviation Industries 1946-1953. Later in Gosplan.

Khrunov.

  • Khrunov, Yevgeni Vassilyevich (1933-2000) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft.

Khrushchev.

  • Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich (1894-1971) Russian politician. Leader of the USSR from 1956 to 1964.

Khrushchev, Sergei.

  • Khrushchev, Sergei Nikitich (1934-) Russian engineer. Deputy Department Chief 1958-1968 of Chelomei design bureau. Son of Nikita Khrushchev.

KIar.

  • KIar German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the structures group at LRBA from 1946 to 1955.

Kieffer.

  • Kieffer German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as head of the ballistics group at LRBA from 1947 to 1949. Then returned to Germany.

Kikuchi.

  • Kikuchi, Ryoko (1964-) Japanese journalist cosmonaut, 1989-1990. Graduated from the University of Tokyo in Chinese language Journalist, Tokyo Broadcasting Corporation. Reporter for world news with TBS, reporting from Moscow and then again from Tokyo.

Killian.

  • Killian, James R (1904-1988) American scientist, president of MIT 1949-1965, served as Eisenhower's science advisor 1957-1959 in order to establish a national response to the Sputnik launch by the Soviet Union.

Kilrain.

  • Still-Kilrain, Susan Leigh (1961-) Jewish-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. US Navy test pilot.

Kimball.

  • Kimball, Dan Able (1896-1970) American businessman, Vice President of Sales at General Tire, before becoming Head of Aerojet, 1944-1969, transforming it from an undisciplined group of rocket enthusiasts to the second largest US rocket engine manufacturer.

Kimbrough.

  • Kimbrough, Robert Shane (1967-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-126. US Army

Kincheloe.

  • Kincheloe, Iven Carl (1928-1958) American test pilot, 1956-1958. Grew up Cassopolis, Michigan, son of an automotive engineer. Flew the X-2; killed in an F-104 crash, when it flamed out after take-off.

Kindelberger.

  • Kindelberger, James H 'Dutch' (1895-1962) President, North American Aviation, 1934-1948; Chairman, CEO 1948-1960. Under his leadership NAA became the leading US supplier of fighters (P-51, F-86, F-100), high speed craft (Navaho, X-15, B-70), inertial navigation, and rocket engines.

Kirillin.

  • Kirillin, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1913-1999) Russian physicist, Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers and Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology 1965-1980.

Kirillov.

  • Kirillov, Anatoli Semenovich (1924-1987) Russian officer. Chief of the First Directorate of Baikonur 1960-1967.

Kiselyov, Aleksandr.

  • Kiselyov, Dr Aleksandr Alekseyevich (1934-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966.

Kissinger.

  • Kissinger, Henry A (1923-) Jewish American academic, US National Security Assistant, 1969-1973; Secretary of State, 1973-1977. Pursued detente with Soviet Union, leading to missile reductions, ABM/ASAT agreements, and Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.

Kistiakowsky.

  • Kistiakowsky, George B (1900-1982) American chemist, associated with the development of the atomic bomb, and later an advocate of banning nuclear weapons.

Kisunko.

  • Kisunko, Grigoriy Vasilyevich (1918-1998) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1953-1975 of KB-1 and later of OKB-30. Led work on early anti-ballistic missiles and ASATs.

Kizim.

  • Kizim, Leonid Denisovich (1941-2010) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. 374 cumulative days in space.

Kizlitsyn.

  • Kizlitsyn, N G Russian military officer.

Klaus.

  • Klaus, Ernst E (1914-1986) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Klein, Johann.

  • Klein, Johann (1915-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Kleinwaechter.

  • Kleinwaechter, Hans German engineer in WW2; later worked in Egypt 1960-1963.

Kliewe.

  • Kliewe, H German expert in biological warfare during World War II. As of January 1947, working at an unknown location under Project Dustbin.

Klimuk.

  • Klimuk, Pyotr Ilyich (1942-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Salyut 6 EP-3.

Klinger.

  • Klinger, Walter German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Frankfurt/M.

Klippel, Alfred.

  • Klippel, Alfred (1917-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Electrical Circuits; Shop 55.

Klyushnikova.

  • Klyushnikova, Dr Olga Nikolayevna (1953-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1979-1986. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training from October 1979 - July 1980. Did not complete training, when the government commission did not confirm his selection.

Knack, Wilhelm.

  • Knack, Wilhelm (1903-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55.

Knauer.

  • Knauer, Otto German expert in rocket designer during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Hamburg, Harburg, Bethmstr. 6.

Knight.

  • Knight, William Joseph 'Pete' (1929-2004) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on X-15 Flight 190.

Knittel, Heinz.

  • Knittel, Heinz (1919-) German precision mechanic, in the rocket team in Russia. Worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's bureau 1947-1952 in the Test Bench and Laboratory Departments. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Knopow.

  • Knopow, Joseph J American engineer, at Lockheed in the 1950s developed the infrared radiometer, used to track and target aircraft and missiles.

Ko San.

  • Ko San (1976-) Korean scientist cosmonaut, 2006-2008.

Koelle.

  • Koelle, Prof. Dr-Ing Heinz-Hermann (1925-) Visionary German-American engineer, worked at Huntsville as Director of Future Projects for von Braun 1955-1965. Headed Lunex moon base project; key role in engine selection for Saturn. Taught in Germany at TUB after 1965. Advocate of SSTO.

Koellner.

  • Koellner, Eberhard 'Eb' (1939-) German pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1978.

Koenig.

  • Koenig (-1969) German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the test stand group. Died in 1969.

Koenig, Rudi.

  • Koenig, Rudi German V-2 test engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, living at living in Frankfurt/M c/o Dr. P. Schloechter, Niederbeerbach, Darmstadt, Obergasse 2.

Koestner.

  • Koestner, Karl German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Kohl.

  • Kohl German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of armature group at LRBA from 1947.

Kolesnikov.

  • Kolesnikov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1967.

Kollert.

  • Kollert, Wilhelm German expert in rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Eschwege c/o Dipl. Ing. Drause, Ottostr..

Kolodin.

  • Kolodin, Pyotr Ivanovich (1930-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1983.

Kolomiytsev.

  • Kolomiytsev, Ordinard Panteleymonovich (1933-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968.

Komarov.

  • Komarov, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1927-1967) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1. First person to die during spaceflight when the parachute lines of Soyuz 1 tangled and it crashed to earth. Cosmonaut training March 1960 - 3 April 1961. Call sign: Rubin (Ruby).

Kondakova.

  • Kondakova, Yelena Vladimirovna (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-17, STS-84. Engineer, first Russian woman to fly in space for other than propaganda reasons. Was married to astronaut Valeriy Ryumin. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Kondratiyev, Dmitry.

  • Kondratiyev, Dmitry Yuriyevich (1969-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on.

Kononenko.

  • Kononenko, Oleg Grigoryevich (1938-1980) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1980. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Institute, 1975 Civilian test pilot. Cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980.

Kononenko, O D.

  • Kononenko, Oleg Dmitriyevich (1964-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17.

Konopalev.

  • Konopalev, Boris Mikhailovich (1912-1960) Russian engineer. Specialised in guidance at Nll-885, Nll-695, and OKB-692. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe.

Konopatov.

  • Konopatov, Aleksandr Dmitriyevich (1922-) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1965-1993 of the Kosberg design bureau. Led work on rocket engines.

Konrad.

  • Konrad, John Harrison (1949-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1988. Systems engineer and fluid mechanics specialist at Hughes Aircraft.

Kontogiannis.

  • Kontogiannis, George (1965-) American engineer, lead for the Titan 4/Centaur and Atlas V.

Konyukhov, S P.

  • Konyukhov, Stanislav Nikolayevich Ukrainian chief designer. General Designer and Chief of KB Yuzhnoye, developed satellites and launch vehicles. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Kopra.

  • Kopra, Timothy Lennart (1963-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. US Army

Koptev.

  • Koptev, Yuri N (1940-) Russian engineer, headed spacecraft design at Lavochkin 1965-1992, including ambitious generation of lunar and planetary probes. General Director of the Russian Space Agency 1992-2004.

Korneyev.

  • Korneyev, Ivan Ivanovich (1916-) Russian officer. Major General, Chief of 4 NII MO and 50 TsNII KS from 1970-1975.

Korniyenko.

  • Korniyenko, Mikhail Borisovich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1998-on. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute, 1987 Worked as an engineer at KBOM, then transferred to RKKE. Cosmonaut training completed November 19, 1999.

Korolev.

  • Korolev, Sergei Pavlovich (1907-1966) Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for creating the first long range ballistic missiles, the first space launchers, the first artificial satellite, and putting the first man in space. After his premature death the Soviets lagged in space.

Korzun.

  • Korzun, Valeri Grigoryevich (1953-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-22, ISS EO-5. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Fregat (Frigate).

Kosberg.

  • Kosberg, Semyon Ariyevich (1903-1965) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1965 of OKB-154. Led work on engines for ICBMs and launchers.

Kostenko.

  • Kostenko, Sergei Valerievich (1963-) Russian businessman, cosmonaut training 2005, backup to Gregory Olsen for the space tourist seat on Soyuz TMA-7.

Kosters.

  • Kosters German Manager. Director of the Special Work Unit for A4 Transport.

Kostin.

  • Kostin, PaveI Ivanovich Soviet Engineer. Soviet rocket engineer

Koszelak.

  • Koszelak, Stanley Norbert Jr (1953-) American biologist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992.

Kotelnikov.

  • Kotelnikov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1908-) Russian engineer. At OKB MEI 1947-1954 and then at the Institute of Radio Technology and Electronics.

Kotov.

  • Kotov, Oleg Valeriyevich (1965-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-15, ISS EO-22. MD from Moscow Sergei M. Kirov Military Medicine Academy, 1980 . Russian Air Force. Worked in the TsPK, medical department. Cosmonaut training 3 June 1996 - 18 March 1998.

Kovalyonok.

  • Kovalyonok, Vladimir Vasilyevich (1942-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 25, Salyut 6 EO-2, Salyut 6 EO-6.

Kovtunenko.

  • Kovtunenko, Vyecheslav Mikhailovich (1921-1995) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer of NPO Lavochkin 1977-1995. Kovtunenko started his career at the Yangel design bureau, where was responsible for satellite design.

Kozelsky.

  • Kozelsky, Vladimir Sergeyevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Kachinsk, 1963; Monino, 1981. Cosmonaut training 1967.05-1969.08.18. Later Deputy Mir Flight Director. Retired in 1992.

Kozeyev.

  • Kozeyev, Konstantin Mirovich (1967-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-2.

Kozlov.

  • Kozlov, Dmitri Ilich (1919-) Russian Chief Designer. Lead Designer for the R-7 ICBM, then headed Samara bureau for production engineering for the Soyuz rocket, Zenit and Yantar reconnaisance satellites.

Kozlov, Frol.

  • Kozlov, Frol Romanovich (1908-1965) Russian politician. Secretary of Central Committee for defence and space 1960-1963.

Kozlov, Vladimir.

  • Kozlov, Vladimir Ivanovich (1945-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1973. Graduated from Higher Air Force School of Pilots, 1968 Soviet Air Force parachutist. Left cosmonaut group due to medical problems. Served on Russian Air Force Staff. Retired as a Colonel on 6 March 1996.

Kraehe.

  • Kraehe German rocket technician during World War II; later worked in France as part of the armature group at LRBA 1947-1959; then worked with Saenger in Stuttgart, followed by a return to France and employment with ELDO, and then ESA, in Paris.

Kraft.

  • Kraft, Christopher C (1924-) American engineer at NASA 1945-1982, headed manned spaceflight mission control during Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo projects.

Kramarenko.

  • Kramarenko, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1942-2002) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1969.

Kramer.

  • Kramer German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the radio beam guidance group in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Kramer, Max.

  • Kramer, Max German Engineer. Technical designer of the guided rocket bomb X4 during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Kranz.

  • Kranz American Engineer. Flight controller during Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo.

Kravtsov.

  • Kravtsov, Yuri Fedorovich (1924-1994) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Chief of the Main Directorate for Space Units of the Ministry of Defence 1979-1980.

Kregel.

  • Kregel, Kevin Richard (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-70, STS-78, STS-87, STS-99.

Kretschmer.

  • Kretschmer, Willi German expert in aerodynamics during World War II, working at the Walter Werke, Kiel. Moved by the British to Saenger's facility in Trauen in early 1946 to conduct rocket engine tests, which were completed on 16 June 1946.

Krichevsky.

  • Krichevsky, Sergei Vladimirovich (1955-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1998.

Krieger.

  • Krieger, Robert L (1916-1990) American engineer, at NASA 1936-1981. Headed Wallops Island facility, 1948-1981. During his career there, Wallops launched thousands of test vehicles, including 19 satellites.

Krikalyov.

  • Krikalyov, Sergei Konstantinovich (1958-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, Energia NPO, 1985-2009. Flew on Mir EO-4, Mir LD-3, STS-60, STS-88, ISS EO-1, ISS EO-11. World record for total duration spent in space (803 days). First Russian to fly aboard an American spacecraft. Flew in space six times.

Krikun.

  • Krikun, Yuri Yuriyevich (1963-) Ukrainian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. In 1997 unsuccessfully applied for the Ukrainian cosmonaut team.

Krivoshein.

  • Krivoshein, Nikolai Afansyevich Russian Chief Designer of TsKB Heavy Machine Industry, 1954-1976; designed much of the detailed pneumatic and hydraulic equipment for launch complexes and silos. From 1969 they were the lead design bureau for silo-mounted command points.

Kroeger.

  • Kroeger, Hermann German-American aviation engineer during WW2. Recruited by von Braun and moved to the US, becoming Deputy Director, Guidance and Control Division, Huntsville.

Kroll.

  • Kroll, Gustav (1914-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Krutsch.

  • Krutsch, Otto German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot.

Krylov.

  • Krylov, Nikolai Ivanovich (1903-1972) Russian officer. Commander-in-Chief Strategic Missile Forces, 1963-1972. Opponent of piloted space programs.

Krylov, Boris.

  • Krylov, Boris Nikolayevich (1934-) Russian officer. Chief of Central Communications and Navigation Systems at GNITs KS Space Tracking Centre 1982-1992.

Krylov, Yuri.

  • Krylov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1925-) Russian officer. Major General, Deputy for General Questions to the Chief, 50 TsNII KS military space research institute 1972-1973.

Kryukov.

  • Kryukov, Sergei Sergeyevich (1918-) Russian chief designer. Deputy Chief Designer 1961-1965 of Korolev design bureau. Chief Designer 1971-1977 of Lavochkin design bureau.

Kuang Dingbo.

  • Kuang Dingbo Chinese Engineer. Specialist in design of military and space infrared sensors.

Kubasov.

  • Kubasov, Valeri Nikolayevich (1935-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6, Soyuz 19 (ASTP), Salyut 6 EP-5. Flew in first docking mission between American and Soviet spacecraft. Missed two chances to be first engineer on a Soviet space station (Cosmos 557 and Soyuz 11).

Kud-Sverchkov.

  • Kud-Sverchkov, Sergei Vladimirovich (1983-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2010-on.

Kuenzel.

  • Kuenzel, Walter German expert in rocket fighter planes during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Walter, K.G., Berliner Buero Berlin West..

Kuers.

  • Kuers, Werner (1907-1983) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Kugno.

  • Kugno, Eduard Pavlovich (1935-1994) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964.

Kuipers.

  • Kuipers, Andre (1958-) Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta.

Kuklin.

  • Kuklin, Anatoli Petrovich (1932-2006) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1975. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons (heart problems) in July 1975 . Worked on the General Staff of the Soviet Air Force until retirement in 1987.

Kuleshova.

  • Kuleshova, Natalya Dmitriyevna (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute named after Grigori (Sergo) K. Ordzhonikidze, 1978. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. From 1992 she worked as an engineer at NPO Energia, Department 292.

Kunze, Heinz.

  • Kunze, Heinz German Manager. Director of the A4 Special Unit.

Kurchatov.

  • Kurchatov, Igor Vasilyevich (1903-1960) Russian scientist. Father of Soviet atomic bomb at KB-11. Managed development of first hydrogen bomb. Design coordinated with Korolev's design bureau for use on R-7 ICBM.

Kurilo.

  • Kurilo Soviet Engineer. Soviet leader of German rocket technology transfer at Kleinbodungen.

Kursnniy.

  • Kursnniy, Igor Ivanovich (1938-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Head of the Political Directorate of GUKOS Space Forces, 1986-1991.

Kurushin.

  • Kurushin, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1922-) Russian officer. Commander of Baikonur 1965-1973.

Kurzweg.

  • Kurzweg, Hermann H (1908-2000) German-American aerodynamicist, at Peenemuende, then US Naval Ordnance 1946-1960, NASA 1960-1974.

Kutakhov.

  • Kutakhov, Pavel Stepanovich (1914-) Russian officer. Commander-in-Chief of Air Force 1969-1984. Succeeded Vershinin.

Kutzscher.

  • Kutzscher, E German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Kiel (British Zone of Occupation).

Kuznetsov.

  • Kuznetsov, Nikolai Dmitriyevich (1911-1995) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1949-1994 of OKB-276.

Kuznetsov, M F.

  • Kuznetsov, Mikhail Fedorovich (1920-1979) Russian officer, Chief of third directorate of GUKOS 1970-1977. Forward air controller on Western Front in WW2. Entered Third Directorate GURVO in October 1960. Made great improvements in KIK space tracking system during his tenure.

Kuznetsov, Nikolai Fedorovich.

  • Kuznetsov, Nikolai Fedorovich (1916-2000) Russian officer. Commander of the Cosmonaut Training Centre 1963-1972.

Kuznetsov, Nikolai Nikolayevich.

  • Kuznetsov, Nikolai Nikolayevi (1903-1983) Russian officer. First Chief of the Interdepartmental Technical Commission in Germany 1945.

Kuznetsov, Viktor.

  • Kuznetsov, Viktor Ivanovich (1913-1991) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1946-1989 of Nll-10 and NII-44. Specialised in missile and spaceship gyroscopes.

Kuznetsova.

  • Kuznetsova, Tatyana Dmitryevna nee Pitskhelauri (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969.

Kvasova.

  • Kvasova, Vera Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 the selection was rejected by the government commission.

Kyzhelnaya.

  • Kyzhelnaya, Nadezda Vasilyevna (1962-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1994-2004. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Lacklen.

  • Lacklen, Robert J American personnel manager, at NASA 1945-1964.

LaComb.

  • LaComb, Maureen Cecil (1956-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1990.

Laebe.

  • Laebe German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Lagutev.

  • Lagutev, S N Russian engineer.

Laliberte.

  • Laliberté, Guy (1959-) Canadian astronaut, 2009.

Lammerhirt.

  • Lammerhirt German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Lampton.

  • Lampton, Dr Michael Logan (1941-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1990.

Land.

  • Land, Edwin American Engineer. Edwin Land was president of the Polaroid Corporation, and a member of the Purcell Panel that assessed space flight capabilities for the U.S. government in 1957-1958.

Lang.

  • Lang German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 to 1950 as leader of the test stand group. Returned to Bremen, Germany thereafter.

Lange, Hermann.

  • Lange, Hermann E (1906-1997) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Lanphier.

  • Lanphier, Thomas G (1915-1987) American manager, as pilot in WW2, one of the group that shot down Yamamoto in 1943. Secretary of the Air Force, 1949-1950; VP at Convair,1951-1960, at Raytheon from 1962.

Lapygin.

  • Lapygin, Vladimir Lavrentyevich (1925-) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer, then Chief Designer of Pilyugin design bureau. Specialised in guidance and succeeded Pilyugin 1982.

Latysheva.

  • Latysheva, Irina Dmitriyevna (1953-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1980-1993.

Laveykin.

  • Laveykin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1951-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-2.

Lavochkin.

  • Lavochkin, Semyon Alekseyevich (1900-1960) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer of OKB-301 1937-1960

Lavrov.

  • Lavrov, L I Russian engineer.

Lawrence.

  • Lawrence, Wendy Barrien (1959-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-67, STS-86, STS-91, STS-114. US Navy ocean engineer.

Lawrence, Robert.

  • Lawrence, Robert Henry Jr (1935-1967) African-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1967.

Lawyer.

  • Lawyer, Richard Earl (1932-2005) American pilot astronaut, 1965-1969.

Lazarev.

  • Lazarev, Vasili Grigoryevich (1928-1990) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch.

Lazutkin.

  • Lazutkin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-23. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO.

Lebedev.

  • Lebedev, Valentin Vitalyevich (1942-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 13, Salyut 7 EO-1.

Ledovskiy.

  • Ledovskiy, Aleksei (-1957) Russian phantom cosmonaut. In 1959 Italian news reported a series of cosmonaut deaths on suborbital flights, among these Ledovsky. No historical evidence ever emerged of any Soviet suborbital flights.

Lee.

  • Lee, Mark Charles (1952-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-30, STS-47, STS-64, STS-82. Was married to astronaut Jan Davis, part of first married couple to fly in space together.

Leestma.

  • Leestma, David Cornell 'Dave' (1949-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-28, STS-45.

Lehrer.

  • Lehrer, Tom (1928-) American mathematician and satirist, who penned the song "Wernher von Braun," dealing with the relationship of science to ethics.

Leihfeld, Ludwig.

  • Leihfeld, Ludwig (1898-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Oxygen Plant; Dept. 61/ Laboratory.

LeMay.

  • LeMay, Curtis E (1906-1990) American USAF officer, created the Strategic Air Command as a special nuclear-armed force, including its ICBM components, 1947-1965.

Lenoir.

  • Lenoir, Dr William Benjamin 'Bill' (1939-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-5.

Lensch.

  • Lensch German expert in rocket engines and athodyds during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Kiel (British Zone of Occupation).

Leonard.

  • Leonard, Richard (1925-) American engineer. Tooling and plant facilities engineer for the Atlas.

Leonov.

  • Leonov, Aleksei Arkhipovich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. First person to walk in space. Flew on Voskhod 2, Soyuz 19 (ASTP). Cancelled missions included command of first Soviet circumlunar flight in 1969 and first military space station mission in 1973.

Leontenkov.

  • Leontenkov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Russian engineer. From 1988 Head and Chief Designer of TsKB TM.

Lertes.

  • Lertes German Manager. Director/manager of the A 25 Special Unit (Fi-103/V-1)

Leshchenko.

  • Leshchenko, Sergei Mikhailovich Russian government official. First Deputy Minister of Aviation Industries 1957-1964.

Leslie.

  • Leslie, Dr Fred Weldon (1951-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73.

Letunov.

  • Letunov, Yuri Aleksandrovich (1926-1983) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1966.

Leuhrsen.

  • Leuhrsen, Hannes Gunther German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Leust.

  • Leust, Reimar (1923-) German Physicist. Reimar Leust is a German theoretical physicist who held a variety of prestigious academic and advisory council posts before serving as Director General of ESA from 1984-1990.

Levchenko.

  • Levchenko, Anatoli Semyonovich (1941-1988) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LII-1. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Air Force School, 1964. Buran test pilot; cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980. Later a civil test pilot for the Soviet Air Force Ministry. Died of a brain tumor in Moscow.

Leverton.

  • Leverton, Irene (1924-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Levin.

  • Levin, Grigoriy Isaakovich (1920-1985) Russian officer, Deputy Chief of Control at Filial 4 of 4 NII MO 1968-1972. Key role in developing first research and operations plans for Soviet Space Forces (Shchit and Osnova). Invalided from military in 1972; then worked at NPO Elas MEP.

Levine.

  • Levine, Dave (1926-) American engineer. Chief of electrical systems for the Apollo spacecraft.

Lewis.

  • Lewis, Fred Parker Jr (1949-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985.

Ley.

  • Ley, Willy (1906-1969) German-American writer. German-American writer, extremely effective populariser of the idea of space flight - first in Germany and then in the United States.

Li Qinglong.

  • Li Qinglong (1962-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1996-on.Trained together with Wu Jie in Russia in for one year beginning in November 1996. They formed the basis of the Chinese astronaut cadre for the Shenzhou program.

Li Shichang.

  • Li Shichang (1935-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1956. He was a PLAAF regiment Deputy Party Commissar when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Li Xun.

  • Li Xun (1913-1983) Chinese Engineer. Metallurgist who developed alloys crucial to China's nuclear, missile, and space programmes.

Liang Shoupan.

  • Liang Shoupan Chinese Engineer. Chief Designer of Chinese cruise missiles.

Liang Sili.

  • Liang Sili Chinese Engineer. Chief Designer of inertial guidance platforms for Chinese ballistic missiles.

Lichtenberg.

  • Lichtenberg, Dr Byron Kurt (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-45. Flew 138 combat missions in Vietnam.

Lidorenko.

  • Lidorenko, Nikolai Stepanovich (1916-) Russian engineer. Chief Designer of NII IT. Specialised in power sources for spacecraft, including Sputnik.

Liem.

  • Bui Thanh Liem (1949-1981) Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1980. Graduated from Gagarin Military Academy, Monino, 1978 Captain and fighter pilot, Vietnam Air Force. Flew many combat missions during the Vietnam War. Continued service in Vietnamese Air Force. Died in the crash of a MiG-21UTI trainer.

Liesegang.

  • Liesegang German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the armature group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1974.

Likhushin.

  • Likhushin, Valentin Yakovlevich (1918-1982) Russian engineer. Director of NII-1 1955-1988. Specialised in advanced engines.

Lilly.

  • Lilly, Howard Clifton 'Tick' (1916-1948) American test pilot. Flew the XS-1; died in a crash of the D-558-1.

Lilly, William.

  • Lilly, William E (1921-) American NASA budget manager, 1960-1981.

Lind.

  • Lind, Dr Don Leslie (1930-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. Longest wait for an American for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut (19 years).

Lindbergh.

  • Lindbergh, Charles A (1902-1974) American pioneering aviator, first pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic in 1927. Appointed to senior government committees on aerospace development. Worked with Guggenheim to support Goddard's rocket development in Roswell in 1930s.

Lindenberg.

  • Lindenberg, Hans (1904-1946) German-American rocket technician from Dresden. Died at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Lindenmayer.

  • Lindenmayer, Hans Josef (1912-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Lindgren.

  • Lindgren, Kjell Norwood (1973-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Lindner.

  • Lindner, Kurt A (1914-1960) German-American engineer. Member of the von Braun's Rocket Team, became director of the Guidance and Control Laboratory of the Research and Development Division at Huntsville.

Lindsey.

  • Lindsey, Steven Wayne (1960-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-87, STS-95, STS-104, STS-121, STS-133. Grew up in Temple City, California.

Linenger.

  • Linenger, Dr Jerry Michael (1955-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-64, Mir NASA-3.

Ling.

  • Ling, Donald P American engineer, headed Bell Labs and Bellcom, key NASA management contractors during the Apollo project.

Linnehan.

  • Linnehan, Dr Richard Michael (1957-) American veterinarian mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78, STS-90, STS-109, STS-123. US Army

Linteris.

  • Linteris, Dr Gregory Thomas (1957-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94.

Lipp.

  • Lipp, James E (1910-) American engineer, at Douglas, 1935-1948; at Rand from 1948, heading its aerospace division.

Lippisch.

  • Lippisch, Alexander Martin (1894-1976) German expert in tailless aircraft during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Lisun.

  • Lisun, Mikhail Ivanovich (1935-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1989.

Litvinov.

  • Litvinov, Valentin Yakovlevich (1910-1983) Russian government official. Director of Progress Plant 1944-1962. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1973.

Liu Buoming.

  • Liu Buoming (1966-) Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 7. In the 05/2003 issue of Fliegerrevue, this was one of 12 new names listed as Chinese astronauts in training. Selected in 2008 as prime crew of Shenzhou 7

Liu Chongfu.

  • Liu Chongfu (1941-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1960. He was a PLAAF squadron commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Liu Wang.

  • Liu Wang (1970-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1998-on. In the 05/2003 issue of Fliegerrevue, this was one of 12 new names listed as Chinese astronauts in training.

Liu Zhongyi.

  • Liu Zhongyi Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Born in the north east of China and joined the PLA in 1958. He was an PLAAF pilot when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Llewellyn.

  • Llewellyn, Dr John Anthony 'Tony' (1932-) British-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1968.

Lobanov.

  • Lobanov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich (1909-1978) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1968-1977 of NIEI PDS. Specialised in parachutes and succeeded Tkachev.

Lobedinskiy.

  • Lobedinskiy, Andrei Vladimirovich (1902-1965) Russian physician. First Director of IMBP 1963-1965 An early space medicine pioneer.

Lockhart.

  • Lockhart, Paul Scott 'Paco' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-111, STS-113.

Loertsch.

  • Loertsch German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA as assistant to Engine Department Head Pilz.

Logachev.

  • Logachev, Anatoli Grigoryevich (1922-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Deputy Chief GUKOS Space Forces for political units 1974-1980.

Loktionov.

  • Loktionov, Yuri Alekseyevich (1950-) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 2000-on.

Lonchakov.

  • Lonchakov, Yuri Valentinovich (1965-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EP-4, ISS EO-18. Air Defence Force

Longhurst.

  • Longhurst, Peter Hervey (1943-2010) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England.

Lopez-Alegria.

  • Lopez-Alegria, Michael Eladio 'LA' (1958-) Spanish-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73, STS-92, STS-113, ISS EO-14.

Lopez-Falcon.

  • Lopez-Falcon, Jose Armando (1950-) Cuban pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Carlos Ullo military pilot school, 1967. Graduated from Gagarin Military Academy, Monino. Cuban Air Force Captain and pilot. Continued service as a pilot in the Cuban Air Force.

Lopota.

  • Lopota, Vitali Aleksandrovich (1950-) Chechen engineer. General Designer of TsNII-RTK from 1991 to 2007. General Designer of RKK Energia from 2007

Lorenzoni.

  • Lorenzoni, Andrea (1946-) Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Colonel, Italian Air Force. Payload specialist for the Italian TSS-Project. International Space Station Program manager for Node 2, Italian Space Agency (ASI).

Loria.

  • Loria, Christopher Joseph 'Gus' (1960-) Hispanic-American test pilot astronaut, 1996-2005. US Marine Corps. Grew up in Belmont, Massachusetts. Flew 42 combat missions over Iraq.

Lothaller.

  • Lothaller, Clemens (1963-) Austrian engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1991. Doctorate degree from University of Vienna, 1987. One of five Austrian candidates in 1992 ESA selection. Made short list twice, but not selected in 1992 and 1998. Later had his own medical practice.

Lounge.

  • Lounge, John Michael 'Mike' (1946-) American geophysicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I, STS-26, STS-35. Grew up in Burlington, Colorado. Flew 99 combat missions in Vietnam.

Lousma.

  • Lousma, Jack Robert (1936-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 3, STS-3.

Louzada.

  • Louzada, Mozart Marques Brazilian pilot mission specialist candidate, 1998.

Love.

  • Love, Stanley Glen (1965-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-122.

Love, Michael.

  • Love, Michael V (1938-1976) American test pilot. Flew on X-24B, killed during a routine chase flight in an F-4 from Edwards AFB, due to a malfunction of the ejection seat.

Lovelace.

  • Lovelace, Alan M (1929-) American materials scientist. Father of the commercial Atlas. Without his vision, leadership, and prestige the commercial Atlas would never have happened.

Lovell.

  • Lovell, James Arthur Jr 'Shaky' (1928-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 7, Gemini 12, Apollo 8, Apollo 13. Member of first crew to rendezvous in space, and first to orbit the moon. Altitude (401,056 km) record.

Lovell, Bernard.

  • Lovell, A C Bernard (1913-) British physicist. Established the Jodrell Bank radio observatory, used during the cold war to support NASA satellites and receive Soviet probe signals.

Low.

  • Low, George David (1956-2008) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-32, STS-43, STS-57. Son of former NASA administrator George M Low.

Low, George.

  • Low, George M (1926-1984) Austrian-American engineer, at NASA 1950-1976. He occupied key manned spaceflight leadership positions at NASA during the Mercury, Germini, Apollo, Skylab, and early Shuttle programs.

Lowell.

  • Lowell, Percival (1855-1916) American astronomer; predicted the existence of the planet Pluto; enamoured with the prospect of life on Mars and theorized that its canals were the product of intelligent life; great influence on public thinking.

Lozino-Lozinskiy.

  • Lozino-Lozinskiy, Gleb Yevgenyevich (1909-2001) Russian Chief Designer of spaceplanes, headed NPO Molniya 1976-2001. Developed the Buran space shuttle and MAKS spaceplane. Earlier had headed the Spiral spaceplane project at MiG 1965-1976.

Lu.

  • Lu, Dr Edward Tsang (1963-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-84, STS-106, ISS EO-7.

Lu Xiangxiao.

  • Lu Xiangxiao (1936-) Chinese PLAAF pilot, astronaut in the first Chinese training group of 1971-1972.

Lucid.

  • Lucid, Dr Shannon Matilda Wells (1943-) American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G, STS-34, STS-43, STS-58, Mir NASA-1. Biochemist, first American woman to make a long-duration space station mission.

Ludmila.

  • Ludmila (-1961) Russian phantom cosmonaut, claimed by Judica-Cordiglia brothers to have died in space in 1961 - or 1963.

Luedecke.

  • Luedecke, Alvin R (1910-1998) American manager. Air force nuclear weapons and propulsion liaison positions, 1949-1958. General Manager AEC 1958-1964; Deputy Director JPL 1964-1967.

Luehrsen.

  • Luehrsen, Hannes (1907-1986) German-American architect. Member of von Braun's team at Peenemuende and in US; designed the buildings, roads, and infrastructure at Peenemuende and at Huntsville.

Lukyanyuk.

  • Lukyanyuk, Dr Vasili Yuryevich (1958-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2003.

Lundin.

  • Lundin, Bruce T (1919-2006) American engineer, at NASA 1943-1977, heading propulsion development efforts at Lewis, notably the Centaur engine.

Lundquist.

  • Lundquist, Gustav E American test pilot, flew the X-1 rocketplane.

Lunney.

  • Lunney, Glynn S (1936-) American engineer, at NASA 1958-1985. Worked on projects Mercury and Apollo, managed Apollo-Soyuz project, managed development of the space shuttle.

Lusser.

  • Lusser, Robert (1899-1969) German Engineer. Engineer, expert in guided missiles, worked with Klemm, Messerschmitt, Heinkel, and then was head of development at the Fieselerwerke during World War II.

Lutz.

  • Lutz, Otto German expert in aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Braunschweig.

Lyakhov.

  • Lyakhov, Vladimir Afanasyevich (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-3, Salyut 7 EO-2, Mir EP-3.

Lydon.

  • Lydon, Malcolm Webb (1946-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1986.

Lysenko.

  • Lysenko, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1945-1977) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1977. Flying Research Institute named for Gromov of GKOOP. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in the crash of a MiG-23 with Mamontov.

Lyulka.

  • Lyulka, Arkhip Mikhailovich (1908-1984) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1946-1981 of OKB-165. Specialised in cryogenic engines for the N1.

Ma Zizhong.

  • Ma Zizhong Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Ma was a PLAAF regiment Deputy Party Commissar when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Mace.

  • Mace, Timothy Kristian Charles (1955-) British engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1998. Was married to the daughter of former Soviet Cosmonaut V Zholobov.

Machinski.

  • Machinski, Dr Georgi Vladimirovich (1937-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1974. Worked at the IMBP in Moscow. Left cosmonaut group for medical reasons after being injured in an automobile accident. He resumed work at the IMBP, reaching the position of senior-scientist.

MacLean.

  • MacLean, Steven Glenwood (1954-) Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-52, STS-115. Selected Aug 1996; he had been PayloadSpecialist on STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 (responsible for the Space Visions System).

Macleay.

  • Macleay, Lachlan 'Mac' (1931-) American pilot astronaut, 1965-1969.

MacNabb.

  • MacNabb, Byron Gordon (1910-1997) American engineer. Headed Convair operations at Cape Canaveral throughout development flight test of the Atlas.

Maetzke.

  • Maetzke, Helmut German expert in rocket development during World War II. As of January 1947, living in Heidelberg, Schillerstr. 50.

Magilton.

  • Magilton, Gerard Edward 'Jerry' (1942-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. Worked with RCA Astro Electronics Division. Backup for Robert Cenker (STS-61C). Program manager for on-orbit performance, Martin Marietta Astro Space in Princeton, New Jersey.

Magnus.

  • Magnus, Sandra Hall (1964-) American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, ISS EO-18-1.

Magnus, Kurt.

  • Magnus, Kurt (1912-) German professor. Member of German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Gyroscope technician; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Magyari.

  • Magyari Bela (1949-) Hungarian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Gyorgy Kilian military pilot school, 1969. Graduated from Budapest Technical University, 1986. Aeronautical engineer and pilot, Hungarian Air Force. Involved in space research work.

Makarov.

  • Makarov, Oleg Grigoryevich (1933-2003) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1, Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EO-5. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch.

Makarov, A M.

  • Makarov, Aleksandr Maksimovich Russian engineer. From 1961-1986 Director of the Yuzhnoye Machinery Factory and General Director of PO Yuzhmash.

Makeyev.

  • Makeyev, Viktor Petrovich (1924-1985) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1955-1985 of SKB-385. Leading designer of tactical and submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Innovations included submerged engines, stellar-updated inertial navigation, and extendible nozzles.

Makrushin.

  • Makrushin, Valeri Grigoryevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1987. Studied from 1957 to 1963 at Leningrad Institute of Aircraft Design (LIAP). Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Returned to NPO Mashinostroenniye.

Maksim.

  • Maksim, Yu P Russian military officer.

Maksimenko.

  • Maksimenko, Valery Yevgenyevich (1950-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1991.

Maksimov.

  • Maksimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1923-1990) Russian officer. Deputy Chief of TsKIK. Later Commander of GUKOS / UNKS 1979-1989.

Malenchenko.

  • Malenchenko, Yuri Ivanovich (1961-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, STS-106, ISS EO-7, ISS EO-16. Call sign: Agat (Agate). 514 cumulative days in space.

Malenkov.

  • Malenkov, Georgi Maksimiliyanovich (1902-1988) Russian politician. First Chairman of Special Committee 2 1946-1947. Oversaw missile program.

Malerba.

  • Malerba, Franco Egidio (1946-) Italian biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46. First Italian astronaut. ESA; STS-46 Mission TSS-1.

Malhotra.

  • Malhotra, Ravish (1943-) Indian pilot cosmonaut, 1982-1984. Indian Air Force test pilot, stationed at the Bangalore space test center. Later worked for Dynamatic Technologies. Brigadier General (Air Commodore), Retired.

Malina.

  • Malina, Frank J (1912-1981) American engineer, one of the inventors of the American liquid fuel rocket at CalTech in the 1930's. Led development of the WAC-Corporal rocket, but uninterested in military projects. Moved to Paris to work with UN and later was an artist.

Malinovskiy.

  • Malinovskiy, Rodion Yakovlevich (1898-1967) Russian officer. Minister of Defence 1957-1967. Opponent of piloted space programs.

Maloy.

  • Maloy, Travis L (1915-2006) American engineer. Manager of flight test and launch operations for the Atlas.

Malyshev.

  • Malyshev, Yuri Vassilyevich (1941-1999) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-6, Salyut 7 EP-3.

Malyshev, Vyecheslav.

  • Malyshev, Vyecheslav Aleksandrovich (1902-1957) Russian politician. Minister of Medium Machine Building 1953-1955. First manager of the Soviet defence industry.

Manakov.

  • Manakov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1950-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-7, Mir EO-13. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred to TsPK cosmonaut detachment 1987. Call sign: Vulkan (Volcano).

Manarov.

  • Manarov, Musa Khiramanovich 'Mussachi' (1951-) Lakets-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-3, Mir EO-8. 541 cumulative days in space. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute with an engineering diploma in 1974 Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Later a Director of Smolsat.

Mandel.

  • Mandel, Carl Heinz (1908-1982) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II, member of von Braun rocket team. As of 1960, Head of Gyro and Stabliizer Branch, Guidance and Control Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Madison, Alabama.

Manke.

  • Manke, John A (1931-) American NASA test pilot 1962-1981. Flew record 42 lifting body rocketplane missions.

Manno.

  • Manno, Vittorio (1938-) Italian Physicist. Vittorio Manno is an Italian physicist who was a senior scientist at ESA's Science Directorate from 1972-1989. From 1989-1995, Manno served as the scientific attaché at the Italian Embassy in Vienna.

Mantz.

  • Mantz, Michael Ray (1953-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987.

Mark.

  • Mark, Hans (1929-) German-American physicist, Secretary of the Air Force 1979-1981, NASA deputy administrator 1981-1984.

Marshall.

  • Marshall, Frank (1930-) American engineer. Part of the Atlas management team; headed the Golden Ram program that cleared the Atlas missile for operations.

Marshburn.

  • Marshburn, Thomas Henry 'Tom' (1960-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Martin.

  • Martin, John American Test pilot. Douglas test pilot.

Martin, John.

  • Martin, John J American engineer, at NASA 1984-1985.

Martin, Richard.

  • Martin, Richard (1928-) American engineer. Structural dynamicist for all versions of the Atlas.

Martynov.

  • Martynov, Ivan Moiseyevich (1921-) Russian officer. Major-General. Deputy Chief and Chief of the Political Units for the KIK space tracking forces in 1969-1980.

Massey.

  • Massey, Sir Harrie S W (1908-) British physicist, chairman of the British National Space Research Committee in the early 1960s.

Massimino.

  • Massimino, Michael James (1962-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-109, STS-125.

Mastracchio.

  • Mastracchio, Richard Alan 'Rick' (1960-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-106, STS-118, STS-131.

Masum.

  • Masum, Mohammad Dauran Ghulam (1954-) Afghani pilot cosmonaut, 1988-1988.

Matheis.

  • Matheis, Fritz (1916-) German measurement technician in WW2, worked in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Matinchenko.

  • Matinchenko, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1927-1999) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1972.

Matthes.

  • Matthes, Franz (1909-) German professor. Member of German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Chemist; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Matthiesen.

  • Matthiesen, Dr David Henry (1958-) American materials scientist payload specialist astronaut, 1994-1995.

Mattingly.

  • Mattingly, Thomas Kenneth II 'Ken' (1936-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, STS-51-C.

Maus.

  • Maus, Hans Hermann (1905-1999) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

May.

  • May, Eugene F American Test Pilot. Douglas test pilot.

Maynard.

  • Maynard, Owen (1924-2000) Canadian-American enginner, at NASA 1960-1970, a key systems engineering figure during the Apollo program, credited with laying out the lunar module and designing the Apollo mission sequence.

Mayo.

  • Mayo, Itzhak (1954-) Jewish-Israeli pilot payload specialist astronaut, 1997-2000.

Mazur.

  • Mazur, Yevgeni Vasilyevich (-1982) Russian government official. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1982.

McArthur.

  • McArthur, William Surles Jr 'Bill' (1951-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-58, STS-74, STS-92, ISS EO-12. US Army. Grew up in Wakulla, North Carolina.

McArthur, Megan.

  • McArthur, Katherine Megan (1971-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on.

McAuliffe.

  • McAuliffe, Sharon Christa Corrigan (1948-1986) American teacher payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Was to have been the first teacher in space. Died in Challenger accident.

McBride.

  • McBride, Jon Andrew (1943-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G. Heavyset Navy pilot with a talent for playing to a crowd. Flew 64 combat missions in Vietnam. Later ran in, but lost, the Republican primary for governor of West Virginia.

McCandless.

  • McCandless, Bruce II (1937-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-31. Made first untethered space walk.

McCone.

  • McCone, John A (1902-1991) American manager, director of the Central Intelligence Agency 1961-1965, during initial exploitation of satellite reconnaisance systems.

McCool.

  • McCool, William Cameron 'Willie' (1961-2003) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

McCulley.

  • McCulley, Michael James (1943-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-34.

McDivitt.

  • McDivitt, James Alton 'Jim' (1929-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 4, Apollo 9. Flew 145 combat missions during the Korean War.

McDonald.

  • McDonald, Frank B (1925-) American scientist, at NASA 1959-1989. Served as project scientist on nine NASA satellite programs, NASA Chief Scientist 1982-1987.

McDonnell.

  • McDonnell, James S (1899-1980) American engineer, president of McDonnell Aircraft 1939-1972. His innovative fighter designs were initially unsuccessful, but the F-4 and F-15 were the premier US fighters after 1960. Contractor for the Mercury, Gemini , and MOL spacecraft.

McElroy.

  • McElroy, Neil H (1904-1972) American manager, secretary of defense 1957-1959.

McKay.

  • McKay, John Barron (1922-1975) American NASA test pilot, 1952-1971. Flew into space on X-15 Flight 150, but seriously injured in an X-15 crash in 1962.

McKay, Michael.

  • McKay, Michael John (1963-) Canadian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1992-1995.

McMonagle.

  • McMonagle, Donald Ray 'Don' (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-54, STS-66.

McMurtry.

  • McMurtry, Thomas C (1935-) American test pilot, US Navy and Lockheed 1958-1967. NASA test pilot and administrator at NASA Dryden, 1967-1999. Flew among many other aircraft the X-24 lifting body and 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.

McNair.

  • McNair, Dr Ronald Erwin (1950-1986) African-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident.

McNamara.

  • McNamara, Robert S (1916-) American Secretary of Defense under Kennedy and Johnson, 1961-1968. Supported offloading manned space to NASA, killed X-20 Dynasoar, Blue Gemini, and SAINT. Created MOL as substitute.

Meade.

  • Meade, Carl Joseph (1950-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-50, STS-64.

Mechanical Astronaut.

  • Mechanical Astronaut, Mercury American phantom cosmonaut. The MAS was an electronic mannequin that could 'inhale' and 'exhale' man-like quantities of gas, heat, and water vapor. It flew twice (MA 3 launch abort 1961.04.25 and one orbit on MA-4 1961.09.13).

Medaris.

  • Medaris, John Bruce (1902-1990) American US Army officer, commanded Army Ballistic Missile Agency in the 1950's during development of Redstone, Jupiter, and Saturn I.

Meier, Otto.

  • Meier, Otto (1918-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Oxygen Plant; Laboratory Department.

Meischeider.

  • Meischeider, Herbert German expert in rocket research during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Wolfenbuettel b/Braunschweig, Flotostr. 4.

Melnick.

  • Melnick, Bruce Edward 'Mel' (1949-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-49.

Melnikov.

  • Melnikov, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1919-1996) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1960-1974 at Korolev design bureau. Specialised in engines, including Blok D.

Melroy.

  • Melroy, Pamela Ann (1961-) American test pilot astronaut 1995-2009. Flew on STS-92, STS-112, STS-120. Grew up in Pittsford, New York. US Air Force test pilot.

Melvill.

  • Melvill, Michael Winston 'Mike' (1941-) South African-American test pilot rocketplane pilot. Flew on SpaceShipOne Flight 15P, SpaceShipOne Flight 16P.

Melvin.

  • Melvin, Leland Devon 'Lee' (1964-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-122, STS-129.

Meng Senlin.

  • Meng Senlin (1947-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1965. He was a PLAAF squadron commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Mengel.

  • Mengel, John T (1918-) American physicist, at USN 1942-1958. Developed tracking systems for Vanguard. At NASA 1958-1973, in charge of tracking and data systems.

Menke.

  • Menke German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the pump and metering group at LRBA from 1947-1955. Then emigrated to Brazil.

Merbold.

  • Merbold, Dr Ulf Dietrich (1941-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-42, Mir Euromir 94.

Merchez.

  • Merchez, Marianne (1960-) Belgian physician cosmonaut, 1992-1995. Was married to astronaut Maurizio Cheli.

Merk, Ernst.

  • Merk, Ernst Helmut (1911-2005) German expert in guided missiles during World War II. Arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. As of January 1947, working at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland.

Meshcheryakov.

  • Meshcheryakov, Ivan Vasiliyevich (1922-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Chief 50-TsNII KS military space research institute 1983-1988.

Messerschmid.

  • Messerschmid, Dr Ernst Willi (1945-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A.

Messrschmitt.

  • Messrschmitt, Willy German expert in aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Augsburg.

Metcalf-Lindenburger.

  • Metcalf-Lindenburger, Dorothy Marie 'Dottie' (1975-) American teacher mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Mettler.

  • Mettler, Ruben F (1924-2006) American engineer, at TRW 1955-1988, president and COO, 1969-1977; chairman of the board and CEO, 1977-1988.

Metz.

  • Metz, Richard German Officer. Major General and Commander of V-2 units.

Meytarchan.

  • Meytarchan, Vyacheslav Georgyevich (1965-) Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996.

Michel.

  • Michel, Dr Frank Curtis 'Curt' (1934-) American scientist astronaut, 1965-1969.

Michel, Josef.

  • Michel, Josef Martin (3797-1997) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Mikhailov.

  • Mikhailov, Gennady (-1961) Russian phantom cosmonaut, said to have died 1962.01.24, reported by Cordiglia brothers in 1962 and later Edwards book. Based on 1959 photo of high altitude equipment tester.

Mikoyan.

  • Mikoyan, Artem Ivanovich (1905-1970) Russian Chief Designer, brother of Stalin's foreign minister, headed MiG design bureau, preeminent manufacturer of light Soviet fighters. Dabbled in rocketplanes and built and flew the MiG-105 Spiral spaceplane.

Mikoyan, Andrei.

  • Mikoyan, Andrei (-1969) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Story made rounds at ESA in 2000 of two Russian cosmonauts that died in 1969 on lunar landing attempt. Source was TV series, 'The Cape', episode 'Buried in Peace', aired 1996.10.28.

Milde.

  • Milde, Hans Walter (1909-1990) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland. Died at Grant, Alabama.

Milekhin.

  • Milekhin, Yuri Mikhailovich Russian engineer. From 1996 General Director of the Soyuz Federal Centre for Dual Technology in Dzerzhinskiy The primary Russian designer of solid propellant motors.

Millikan.

  • Millikan, Robert A (1868-1953) American physicist, Nobel prize winner, did early research on cosmic rays, built Caltech into preeminent engineering school.

Millinger.

  • Millinger, Heinz Albert (1920-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. As of 2008 living in Marburg, Germany.

Min Guirong.

  • Min Guirong Chinese Engineer. Spacecraft thermal control specialist.

Minning.

  • Minning, Rudolf Friederich Franz (1914-1998) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Mishin.

  • Mishin, Vasili Pavlovich (1917-2001) Soviet Chief Designer, superseding Korolev, 1966-1974. Led the bureau in the flight test stages of the L1 and N1-L3 manned lunar programs, the Soyuz, and the Salyut space station. Replaced by Glushko after failures in all of these programs.

Misurkin.

  • Misurkin, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1977-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, VVS and PVO 4th Army (Rostov-on-Don; North-Caucasian VO)

Mitchell.

  • Mitchell, Edgar Dean 'Ed' (1930-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 14. Sixth person to walk on the moon.

Mitchell, Elliott.

  • Mitchell, Elliott American engineer, involved at USN with solid rocket development, 1942-1958, chief of the solid rocket development program 1958-1961. Important role in development of Polaris.

Mitkov.

  • Mitkov, Andrei (-1959) Russian phantom cosmonaut. In 1959 Italian news reported a series of cosmonaut deaths on suborbital flights, among these Mitkov. No historical evidence ever emerged of any Soviet suborbital flights.

Mittauer.

  • Mittauer, Richard T (1927-1973) American journalist, worked in NASA public information 1959-1972.

Mnatsakanian.

  • Mnatsakanian, Armen Sergeyevich (1918-1992) Armenian-Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1953-1969 of Nll-648. Specialised in spacecraft telemetry and radar systems.

Modarelli.

  • Modarelli, James J American NASA designer, credited with the NASA logo.

Mogensen.

  • Mogensen, Andreas Enevold (1976-) Danish engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Mogila.

  • Mogila, Anatoliy Iosifovich (1924-) Russian officer. Major-General, chief of the fourth trials directorate of 5 NIIP MO 1974-1980. Worked at Baikonur from 1958, participating in trials of the R-7, R-9, Proton, and Tsiklon rockets.

Mohmand.

  • Mohmand, Abdul Ahad 'Abdulah' (1959-) Afghani pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-3. First Afghani astronaut.

Mohri.

  • Mohri, Mamoru (1948-) Japanese chemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-47, STS-99. NASDA; Spacelab-J specialist.

Mohts.

  • Mohts, Hermann German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Duisberg.

Moiseyev.

  • Moiseyev, Yevgenity Georgeyevich (1921-) Russian officer. Colonel, Chief of Sixth Trials Directorate of 5 NIIP MO at Baikonur, 1967-1974.

Moller, Rolf.

  • Moller, Rolf German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Berlin.

Money.

  • Money, Kenneth Eric (1935-) Canadian physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1992.

Monroe.

  • Monroe, Jack Pendleton (1904-2006) American career naval officer who became a rear admiral in 1956. He served as commander of the Pacific Missile Range from 1957-1961 before becoming the Director of Astronautics for the Chief of Naval Operations from 1961-1963.

Moore.

  • Moore, John R (1916-) American engineer, developed pioneering inertial navigation and automated flight control systems for Navaho, leading to systems for the X-15, B-70, and Apollo, making North American the premier US contractor for advanced inertial navigation.

Mordovtsev.

  • Mordovtsev, Aleksei Filippovich (1922-) Russian officer. Colonel, Deputy Chief of Second Directorate of GUKOS 1970-1979. After WW2 service, worked with the Soviet Navy in anti-aircraft units. Transferred to GURVO in 1963.

Morgan.

  • Morgan, Barbara Radding 'Barby' (1951-) American teacher mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-118. Teacher.

Morgenstern.

  • Morgenstern, Oskar (1902-1977) German-American economist, came to the United States in 1925, and worked at Princeton after 1938. Founded Mathematica, which provided economic analyses to government, notoriously the study that found the shuttle cheaper than expendable LVs.

Morin.

  • Morin, Lee Miller Emile (1952-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-110.

Morozov, Viktor.

  • Morozov, Viktor Pavlovich (1918-1981) Russian officer. Chaired the Scientific-Technical Committee of the Strategic Missile Fortes 1962-1967.

Morris.

  • Morris, Brooks (1913-1961) American Engineer. Brooks Morris was an aerospace engineer who worked as a manager of quality assurance and reliability at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 1961-1981.

Morukov.

  • Morukov, Dr Boris Vladimirovich (1950-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on STS-106. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems

Mosch.

  • Mosch German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Moshchenko.

  • Moshchenko, Sergey Ivanovich (1954-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1996-2009.

Moshkin.

  • Moshkin, Oleg Yuriyevich (1964-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-2002.

Moskalenko.

  • Moskalenko, Nikolai Tikhonovich (1949-2004) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1986.

Moskalenko, Kirill.

  • Moskalenko, Kirill Semenovich (1902-1985) Russian officer. Commander·in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces 1960-1962. Succeeded Nedelin.

Moskalyov.

  • Moskalyov, Oleg Borisovich Russian scientist cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Scientist. Selected as cosmonaut in early May 1964, but on 28 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission.

Mosolov.

  • Mosolov, Vladimir Yemeliyanovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1987.

Moureu.

  • Moureu, Henri French scientist and manager. Responsible for acquiring German rocket technology and German rocket experts for France after WW2.

Mozzhorin.

  • Mozzhorin, Yuri Aleksandrovich (1920-1998) Russian officer. Director of Nll-88 1961-1990. Oversaw Soviet space policy.

Mrazek.

  • Mrazek, Willi (1911-1992) German-American engineer. Worked at Peenemuende from early days, but sent to Russian Front before being returned. A loads engineer, he went with von Braun to the US and became Director, Structures and Mechanics Division, at Huntsville.

Mrykin.

  • Mrykin, Aleksandr Grigoryevich (1905-1972) Russian officer. First Deputy Commander of GURVO 1955-1965. Strategic Missile Forces liaison with space units.

Muehlner.

  • Muehlner, Joachim Wilhelm (1913-2004) German-American radio engineer, at Peenemuende from 1939 . One of the few of von Braun's team that worked on all major programs, from the doppler transponder for the V-2 to the electronic landing systems for the Space Shuttle in 1978.

Muehlstroh.

  • Muehlstroh, Jupp German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot.

Mueller.

  • Mueller, George Edwin (1918-) American engineer. Headed the NASA Office of Manned Spaceflight during the Apollo program.

Mueller, Fritz.

  • Mueller, Fritz (1907-2001) German-American guidance system specialist, at Kreiselgeraete from 1933. Worked for von Braun in Germany and America, 1936-1960, involved in guidance platforms for Redstone, Jupiter, Pershing, and Saturn I. Went to private industry in 1960.

Mueller, Hans.

  • Mueller, Hans (1896-1986) German rocket technician in WW2, recruited to work with Von Braun in Kummersdorf. Later worked at Peenemuende, and in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Mueller, Hugo.

  • Mueller, Hugo (1898-) German Engineer. Engineer; worked at Mittelwerk.

Mueller, Otto.

  • Mueller, Otto German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Mueller, Rudolf.

  • Mueller, Rudolf (1898-) German mechanics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Mueller, Werner.

  • Mueller, Werner (1914-) German mathematician; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Mukai.

  • Mukai, Chiaki (1952-) Japanese physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-95. Surgeon, first Japanese female astronaut.

Mukhortov.

  • Mukhortov, Pavel Pavlovich (1966-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992.

Mullane.

  • Mullane, Richard Michael 'Mike' (1945-) American test engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-27, STS-36. Author of the frankest astronaut biography ever published. Flew 150 combat missions in Vietnam.

Munir.

  • Habib, Munir Habib (1953-) Arab-Syrian pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1987. Graduated from Military Pilot School, Aleppo, 1973 Pilot and Lieutenant Colonel, Syrian Air Force. Resumed military service.

Munz.

  • Munz German rocket engine specialist.

Murray.

  • Murray, Arthur 'Kit' American test pilot. Flew the X-1A, X-1B and X-5 # 1.

Musabayev.

  • Musabayev, Talgat Amangeldyevich (1951-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, Mir EO-25, ISS EP-1. Transferred in 1991 Air Force Special Group. Russian Air Force

Musgrave.

  • Musgrave, Dr Franklin Story (1935-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-6, STS-51-F, STS-33, STS-44, STS-61, STS-80. Flew in space six times.

Muszaphar.

  • Muszaphar, Dr Sheikh (1972-) Malaysian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-13. First Malaysian in space.

Myasishchev.

  • Myasishchev, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1902-1978) Soviet Chief Designer 1951-1960 of OKB-23. Developed innovative M-4, M-50 bombers, Buran cruise missiles, and VKA spaceplane. Bureau merged with Chelomei, 1960. Later Director of TsAGI. Regained his own design bureau just before his death.

Myers.

  • Myers, Dale Dehaven (1922-) American aerodynamicist, charismatic manager that went many times through the revolving door between industry and government. Key roles in Hound Dog, Apollo, Shuttle, and B-1 programs.

Nadiradze.

  • Nadiradze, Aleksandr Davidovich (1914-1987) Russian chief designer. Director and Chief Designer of the Moscow Institute for Thermal Technology 1961-1987. Pioneering developer of Soviet solid propellant missiles.

Nagel.

  • Nagel, Steven Ray (1946-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G, STS-61-A, STS-37, STS-55. Was married to astronaut Linda Godwin.

Nagel, Dr.

  • Nagel Dr German Physician. Captain, Military, German expert in biological warfare during World War II.

Nair.

  • Nair, Paramaswaren Radhakrishnan (1943-) Indian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Narimanov.

  • Narimanov, Georgiy Stepanovich (1922-1983) Russian engineer. Major-General, doctor of physics and mathematics, deputy chief of 4 NII-MO for scientific research (1959-1965).

Nash.

  • Nash, J S American test pilot. Flew the X-4 # 2.

Naugle.

  • Naugle, John E (1923-1993) American physicist, at NASA 1959-1981, developed projects to study the magnetosphere.

Nebel.

  • Nebel, Rudolf (1894-1978) German rocket enthusiast. Worked for Oberth; helped found VfR; built largest prewar German test rockets. Work shut down by government in 1934. Did not work on rockets during WW2. Promoted civilian rebirth of German rocketry in 1950's.

Nedaivoda.

  • Nedaivoda, Anatoliy Konstantinovich (1938-) Russian engineer. Deputy General Director, Khrunichev State Scientific Industrial Research Centre. Worked at Khrunichev from 1965 on Proton launch vehicle and Salyut series of space stations. Manager and General Manager KB Salyut from 1994.

Nedelin.

  • Nedelin, Mitrofan Ivanovich (1902-1960) Russian officer. Deputy Minister of Defence 1955-1959. First Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces 1959-1964. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe.

Nehlsen, Gerhard.

  • Nehlsen, Gerhard German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at c/o Klinger, British Zone.

Nehrkorn.

  • Nehrkorn, Horst (1920-) German ballistics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Nelson.

  • Nelson, Dr George Driver 'Pinky' (1950-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C, STS-61-C, STS-26.

Nelson, Anthony.

  • Nelson, Anthony 'Tony' American fictitious astronaut, featured in I Dream of Jeannie television program.

Nelson, Bill.

  • Nelson, Clarens William Jr 'Bill' (1942-) American congressman payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C.

Nelyubov.

  • Nelyubov, Grigori Grigoyevich (1934-1966) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Discharged with Anikeyev and Filatuev after alcohol incident. Returned to Air Force duties in Siberia, underwent increasing depression, killed in 1966 when hit by a train.

Nenashev.

  • Nenashev, Mikhail Ivanovich (1918-1994) Russian officer. Lieutenant-General, Chief of the Fourth Chief Directorate of the Ministry of Defence (1964-1987). Managed anti-missile and anti-satellite forces of the PVO.

Nepobedimiy.

  • Nepobedimiy, Sergei Pavlovich Russian Chief Designer of the Kolomna Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau.1965-1989, specialised in surface-to-air, tactical ballistic, and anti-tank missiles. Designed the world's only air-augmented ICBM, the Gnom, in the early 1960's.

Neri, Vela.

  • Neri Vela, Rodolfo (1952-) Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B. First Mexican astronaut.

Nesmeyanov.

  • Nesmeyanov, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1899-1980) Russian scientist. President of the Academy of Sciences 1951-1961. Approved the first satellite project.

Nespoli.

  • Nespoli, Paolo Alberto (1957-) Italian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-120, ISS EO-26.

Nesterenko.

  • Nesterenko, Aleksei Ivanovich (1908-1995) Russian officer. First Director of Nll-4 1946-1950. First Commander of Baikonur 1955-1958.

Nettersheim.

  • Nettersheim German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 to 1957 in the ground support equipment group. Remained in France thereafter.

Neubauer.

  • Neubauer, Karl German expert in rocket designer during World War II. As of January 1947, living c/o Apel, Johnke in Judenbach B/Stunneberg/Thuer.

Neubeck.

  • Neubeck, Francis Gregory (1932-) American pilot astronaut, 1965-1969.

Neubert.

  • Neubert, Erich Walter (1910-1999) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Neuhoefer.

  • Neuhoefer, Kurt Kunibert Karlmann (1903-1973) Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Neumeister, Lisa.

  • Neumeister, Lisa (1920-) Wife of a German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked as a translator for rocket engine developers in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952.

Newell.

  • Newell, Homer E (1915-1983) American physicist, at NRL 1944-1958, NASA 1958-1973. Leading advocate of use of sounding rockets for atmospheric and space research.

Newman.

  • Newman, Dr James Hansen 'Jim' (1956-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51, STS-69, STS-88, STS-109.

Newton.

  • Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) British scientist, single-handedly developed the principles and mathematical basis of physics. His work established the calculations necessary for celestial mechanics, the rocket engine, and other essential elements of space exploration.

Nichols.

  • Nichols, Kenneth D (1907-2000) American manager, involved in directing the guided missile research and development effort for the Secretary of Defense in the early 1950's.

Nicollier.

  • Nicollier, Claude (1944-) Swiss test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46, STS-61, STS-75, STS-103. First Swiss astronaut.

Nie Haisheng.

  • Nie Haisheng (1964-) Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 6.

Nikitsky.

  • Nikitsky, Vladimir Prtrovich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1967.

Nikolaenok.

  • Nikolaenok, Vladimir Adamovich (1923-) Russian officer. Colonel, Deputy Chief of 5 NIIP MO for space themes 1969-1976.

Nikolayev.

  • Nikolayev, Andrian Grigoryevich (1929-2004) Chuvash-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 3, Soyuz 9. First person to fly more than one day in space. Married Valentina Tereshkova, and fathered first child born to parents that had both flown in space.

Nitochkin.

  • Nitochkin, Aleksei Alekseyevich Russian officer. Engineer at TsPI-31. Designed Baikonur launch range.

Nitze.

  • Nitze, Paul H (1907-2004) American manager, director of the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, 1944-1946, senior defense department positions 1961-1969.

Nixon.

  • Nixon, Richard M (1913-1994) American politician, President of the US 1969-1974; allowed the Apollo and Skylab programs to complete, but denied NASA funds for its enormous post-Apollo program. He set budget limitations resulting in a partially-reusable shuttle design.

Noeggerath.

  • Noeggerath, Wolfgang O German expert in rocket fuel during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Noguchi.

  • Noguchi, Soichi (1965-) Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-114, ISS EO-22.

Noordung.

  • Noordung, Herman (1892-1929) Slovenian Austrian Army Scientist. Wrote an early seminal book, Problem of Space Travel, focused on the engineering aspects of space stations.

Nordsieck.

  • Nordsieck, Dr Kenneth Hugh (1946-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1990.

Noriega.

  • Noriega, Carlos Ismael (1959-) Hispanic-American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-84, STS-97. Grew up in Santa Clara, California.

North.

  • North, Warren J (1922-) American engineer, at NASA 1947-1985. Oversaw training of Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and shuttle astronauts.

Nosov.

  • Nosov, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1913-1960) Russian officer. Chief of launch command of Baikonur 1955-1958. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe.

Novitskiy.

  • Novitskiy, Oleg Viktorovich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Lieutenant Colonel, VVS and PVO 4th Army

Nowak.

  • Nowak, Lisa Marie Caputo (1963-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121. US Navy test pilot.

Nowak, Max.

  • Nowak, Max Ernst (1908-1998) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Nudelman.

  • Nudelman, Aleksandr Emmanuelovich (1912-1996) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1965-1987 of OKB8-16. Pre-eminent designer of aircraft guns in the Soviet Union. Adapted his aircraft designs for self-defence space guns for Kozlov's Soyuz VI and Chelomei's Almaz spacecraft.

Nyberg.

  • Nyberg, Karen Lujean (1969-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-124. Engineer.

O Connor.

  • O Connor, Bryan Daniel 'OC' (1946-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-40.

O Dell.

  • O Dell, Charles R (1937-) American astronomer, NASA project scientist for the Hubble Space Telescope, 1972-1983.

O Keefe.

  • O Keefe, Sean American manager, NASA Administrator 2001-2005, advocate of nuclear power use in spacecraft. Reorganized the ISS program to cover overruns, was administrator when the crew of the Columbia perished, and began work on a post-shuttle program.

O Leary.

  • O Leary, Brian Todd (1940-) American scientist astronaut, 1967-1968.

Oberth.

  • Oberth, Hermann Julius (1894-1989) Father of German Spaceflight. His 1923 book outlined the mathematic principles of rocketry and space travel, providing the basis for the space craze in Germany, leading to the V-2 and von Braun's rocket team.

Ochoa.

  • Ochoa, Dr Ellen Lauri (1958-) Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-56, STS-66, STS-96, STS-110. Engineer.

Ockels.

  • Ockels, Dr Wubbo Johannes (1946-) Dutch physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. First Dutch astronaut.

Odintsov.

  • Odintsov, Mikhail Petrovich (1921-) Russian officer. Director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre 1963. Hated by the cosmonauts and relieved of duty after criticising the performance of Tereshkova.

Odishaw.

  • Odishaw, Hubert 'Hugh' (1916-1984) American scientist, executive director of the US National Committee for the International Geophysical Year, 1954-1965

Odle.

  • Odle, Randy Thomas (1951-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1986.

Oefelein.

  • Oefelein, William Anthony 'Bill' (1965-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-116.

Ogthoff.

  • Ogthoff, Leopold German expert in guided missiles during World War II.

Okhapkin.

  • Okhapkin, Sergei Osipovich (1910-1980) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1952-1976 of Korolev design bureau. Led work on the N1 and was Mishin's First Deputy.

Okhotsimskiy.

  • Okhotsimskiy, Dmitri Yevgenyevich (1921-) Russian scientist. Scientist at OPM MIAN. Conducted research work on an early ICBM.

Oleinik.

  • Oleinik, Ivan Ivanovich (1937-) Ukrainian officer. Colonel-General. Commander of Plesetsk Cosmodrome 1985-1991. From 1992 served in Ministry of Defence of the Ukraine.

Olejuik.

  • Olejuik, Robert German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot.

Olivas.

  • Olivas, John Daniel 'Danny' (1965-) Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2010. Flew on STS-117, STS-128.

Olsen.

  • Olsen, Gregory Hammond 'Greg' (1945-) American scientist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-9. Space tourist

Olthof.

  • Olthof, Henk (1944-) Dutch physicist at ESA. From 1977-1986, responsible for the secretariat of the Astronomy Working Group. Thereafter, served as the head of space station and platforms for scientific users at the European Space Research and Technology Centre.

Omelchenko.

  • Omelchenko, Svetlana Oktyabrevna (1951-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992.

Ona.

  • Ona, John Bernhardt (1925-2004) American engineer. Headed Atlas missile final checkout; later Chief of Reliability Engineering for the Centaur.

Ongaro.

  • Ongaro, Franco (1958-) Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993.

Onishchenko.

  • Onishchenko, Leonid Vasilyevich (1930-) Russian officer. From 1983 served in KIK space tracking units. Earlier developed a range of automated control systems for satellites, notably the Interkosmos and Glonass series.

Onishi.

  • Onishi, Takuya (1975-) Japanese pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Onizuka.

  • Onizuka, Ellison Shoji (1946-1986) American test engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C, STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident.

Onufrienko.

  • Onufrienko, Yuri Ivanovich (1961-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-21, ISS EO-4. 389 cumulative days in space. After leaving cosmonaut corps in April 2004, assigned as Deputy Chief for the First Administration of RGNII TsPK. Call sign: Skif (Skif - Roman-age tribe).

Opel.

  • Opel, Fritz von (1899-1971) German automobile manufacturer and rocketry enthusiast. Grandson of founder of Opel, after graduation, put in charge of testing and publicity. Funded Valier's tests of rocket engines in ground and air vehicles.

Opimz.

  • Opimz, Rudolph German expert in rocket planes during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Opitz.

  • Opitz, Rudolf German Luftwaffe Me-163 test pilot.

Osi.

  • Osi, Albert German expert in rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Bad Krouznach.

Ostashev.

  • Ostashev, Yevgeni Ilich (1924-1960) Russian officer. First Directorate Chief of Baikonur 1956-1960. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe.

Ostrander.

  • Ostrander, Don Richard (1914-1972) American USAF officer, director of NASA launch vehicle programs and Saturn project, 1959-1961; vice commander USAF BMD 1961-1965.

Oswald.

  • Oswald, Stephen Scott (1951-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-42, STS-56, STS-67.

Ouyang Ziyuan.

  • Ouyang Ziyuan Chinese geochemist. Leading Chinese authority on extraterrestrial material.

Ovchinin.

  • Ovchinin, Aleksei Nikolaevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, 70th Seregina Special Flight Test Regiment RGNIITsPK

Overhage.

  • Overhage, Carl FJ (1910-1995) American physicist, director of Lincoln Laboratories 1957-1964.

Overmyer.

  • Overmyer, Robert Franklin 'Bob' (1936-1996) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-5, STS-51-B.

Pabst.

  • Pabst, Otto German expert in ram jets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Bremen or Kirch-Horston nr Bad Eilson.

Pace.

  • Pace, Frank (1912-1988) American manager, Secretary of the Army, 1950-1953, president of General Dynamics 1953-1962. During his tenure General Dynamics acquired Convair and other companies and became a leading defense and space contractor.

Padalka.

  • Padalka, Gennadi Ivanovich (1958-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-26, ISS EO-9, ISS EO-19. 585 cumulative days in space.

Paetz.

  • Paetz, Robert Heinrich Karl (1909-1998) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Page.

  • Page, Edgar (1935-) Irish physicist who specialized in cosmic ray research at the ESRO, 1965-1975. Headed ESA's space science department 1976-1986. From 1986, served as science coordinator for the Ulysses spacecraft mission.

Pailes.

  • Pailes, William Arthur (1952-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut. Flew on STS-51-J.

Paine.

  • Paine, Thomas O (1921-1992) American engineer, at General Electric, then NASA Administrator 1968-1970. His ambitious post-Apollo programs were not received well by the Nixon administration.

Pak.

  • Pak, Zinoviy Petrovich Russian engineer. General Director of LNPO Soyuz 1989-1996. Leading designer in the chemistry and technology of solid rocket propellants.

Pakhomov.

  • Pakhomov, A K Russian VVS Test pilot. Russian rocketplane pilot.

Palaoro.

  • Palaoro, Hans Rudolf (1919-1994) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Pallo.

  • Pallo, Vladimir Vladimirovich Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of Chelomei Bureau Filial 1. Led work on the DOS and Salyut stations.

Pan Zhanchun.

  • Pan Zhanchun Chinese PLAAF Pilot. In the 05/2003 issue of Fliegerrevue, this was one of 12 new names listed as Chinese astronauts in training.

Panchenko.

  • Panchenko, Yevgeniy Ivanovich (1927-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, First Deputy Chief of Main Directorate of NKS 1986-1987.

Parazynski.

  • Parazynski, Dr Scott Edward (1961-) American physician mission specialist astronaut, 1992-2009. Flew on STS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120.

Parin.

  • Parin, Vasili Vasilyevich (1903-1971) Russian physician. Director of IMBP 1965-1969. A leading space medicine specialist.

Parise.

  • Parise, Dr Ronald Anthony 'Ron' (1951-2008) American astronomer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-35, STS-67.

Parker.

  • Parker, Dr Robert Alan Ridley 'Bob' (1936-) American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-35.

Parks.

  • Parks, Robert J (1922-) American engineer, worked on the Mariner, Ranger, and Surveyor programs; served as JPL's planetary program director in the 1960s, then became JPL associate and finally deputy director.

Parmitano.

  • Parmitano, Luca Salvo (1976-) Italian pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Parsons.

  • Parsons, John Marvel Whiteside 'Jack' (1914-1952) American rocket pioneer; co-founder of Aerojet, inventor of solid rocket propellant and American inventor of the storable liquid rocket. Dabbled in the occult, expelled from Aerojet on DoD orders. Killed mixing rocket fuel in his garage.

Parsons, John.

  • Parsons, John F (1908-1969) American engineer, at NASA 1931-1956, led design, construction, and operation of wind tunnels at Ames.

Pashkov.

  • Pashkov, Georgi Nikolayevich (1911-) Russian government official. Deputy Chairman of Military-Industrial Commission 1957-1970. Worked in Gosplan Second Department 1946-1955.

Patat.

  • Patat, Frederic (1958-) French physician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1998. Degree in Acoustic Physics from the University of Paris (1981). Ph.D. in engineering (1984). Doctorate of medicine, 1991. Worked at the medical faculty of the University of Tours.

Paton.

  • Paton, Boris Yevgenyevich (1918-) Russian engineer. Director of Institute of Electrical Welding from 1953. Developed equipment for N1 fabrication and the Vulkan space welding unit.

Patrick.

  • Patrick, Nicholas James MacDonald (1964-) British-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-116, STS-130.

Patsayev.

  • Patsayev, Viktor Ivanovich (1933-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. A street in Kaluga and Asteroid 1791 were named for him.

Patt.

  • Patt, Kurt Paul Erich (1913-1969) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Patterson.

  • Patterson, William Howell (1917-1999) American engineer. Part of the Atlas management team.

Pauer.

  • Pauer, Walter (1887-) German thermodynamics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Paul.

  • Paul, Hans (1909-1980) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Paup.

  • Paup, John W (1923-1968) American North American engineer who managed their winning Apollo proposal and was the company's Apollo program manager 1961-1964. Replaced under NASA pressure, he died in 1968 before his spacecraft made it to the moon.

Pawelczyk.

  • Pawelczyk, James Anthony 'Jim' (1960-) American physiologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90. Candidate Payload Specialist for STS-90 Neurolab.

Payette.

  • Payette, Julie (1963-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-96, STS-127. Engineer. Second Canadian female astronaut.

Payton.

  • Payton, Gary Eugene (1948-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C.

Peake.

  • Peake, Timothy Nagel (1972-) British pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Peery.

  • Peery, David J (1914-) American engineer. Influential aerospace structures engineer; proved integrity of Atlas balloon tank.

Pehle.

  • Pehle, Max (1913-) German measurement technician in WW2, worked in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Pelczak.

  • Pelczak, Oldrich 'Olda' (1943-) Czech pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1978. Graduated from Air Force Academy of the Soviet Union Engineer, Czechoslovak Air Force.

Pellerin.

  • Pellerin, Charles J American physicist, at NASA 1974-1994. Director of Astrophysics in NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications 1983-1992; Deputy Associate Administrator for Safety and Mission Quality 1992-1994.

Pepping.

  • Pepping, Raymond Austin (1918-) American engineer. Headed the Mercury, Gemini, and Skylab programs at McDonnell Saint Louis

Peralta y Fabi.

  • Peralta y Fabi, Ricardo (1950-) Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985. Research scientist at National University in Mexico City. Selected as backup for STS-61B, but mission cancelled after Challenger disaster.

Perkin.

  • Perkin, Richard S (1906-1969) American Manager. Richard S. Perkin was co-founder ad president of Perkin-Elmer Corp., 1937-1960, and then chairman of the board.

Perrin.

  • Perrin, Philippe (1963-) French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-111. Grew up in Avignon, Provence.

Pesquet.

  • Pesquet, Thomas (1978-) French engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Peters.

  • Peters, Heinrich German expert in aeronautical research during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Munich.

Petersen.

  • Petersen, Karl German expert in guided missiles during World War II.

Petersen, Forrest.

  • Petersen, Forrest Silas 'Pete' (1922-1990) American test pilot, 1952-1962. Flew the X-15.

Peterson.

  • Peterson, Dr Donald Herod 'Don' (1933-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-6.

Peterson, Bruce.

  • Peterson, Bruce A (1933-2006) American test pilot, 1960-1967. Flew M2 lifting body, assigned to management after injury in a landing accident.

Petrone.

  • Petrone, Rocco (1926-2006) American engineer, managed development of the Redstone at Huntsivlle, then the Saturn V at NASA, 1960-1974.

Petrov, Boris.

  • Petrov, Boris Nikolayevich (1913-1980) Russian engineer, Department Chief 1951-1980 of the Institute of Control Problems, chair of the Inter-Cosmos Council, which promoted cooperation in space among eastern European nations during the height of the Cold War, 1966-1980.

Petrov, Georgi.

  • Petrov, Georgi Ivanovich (1912-1987) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Space Research 1965-1973. Conducted aerodynamic research at NII-1 before being named Director.

Petrov, V P.

  • Petrov, Vladimir Petrovich Russian engineer. Head and Chief Designer of the GSKB design bureau 1951-1963.

Petrovskiy.

  • Petrovskiy, Boris Vasilyevich (1908-) Russian physician. Minister of Health from 1965 to 1980. Operated on Korolev.

Petrushenko.

  • Petrushenko, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1942-1992) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973. Later worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, then moved to the satellite control center in Monino until his retirement 1991.

Pettit.

  • Pettit, Donald Roy (1955-) American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-6, STS-126. First NASA astronaut to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft.

Petzold.

  • Petzold, Walter German Manager. Director/manager of the power station at Peenemuende.

Philips, Robert.

  • Philips, Dr Robert Ward (1929-) American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1991.

Phillips.

  • Phillips, John Lynch (1951-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EO-11, STS-119.

Phillips, Franklyn.

  • Phillips, Franklyn W (1917-) American engineer, at NASA 1941-1964. Administered variety of aircraft and missile programs in 1950's. Assistant to NASA administrator 1958-1962.

Phillips, Samuel.

  • Phillips, Samuel C (1921-1990) American USAF officer, talented manager who developed the B-52 and Minuteman for the Air Force, then was brought to NASA to head the Apollo program 1964-1971.

Phoebus.

  • Phoebus, Clifford P (1910-1984) American naval aviator, flight surgeon and medical corps officer who rose to the rank of captain in 1953 and was commander of the U.S. Naval School of Aviation Medicine in Pensacola, Florida, from 1960-1964.

Pickering.

  • Pickering, William H (1910-2004) New Zealand-American Chief Designer, Director JPL, 1954-1976. Under his leadership the first successful probes to earth orbit, the Moon, Venus, and Mars were designed, built, and flown (Explorer, Pioneer, Ranger, Mariner,Surveryor, Viking).

Pierce.

  • Pierce, John R (1910-) American engineer, commonly referred to as the inventor of the communications satellite in 1954. He worked for 35 years as an engineer at Bell Labs and then worked at the California Institute of Technology and its Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Pilyugin.

  • Pilyugin, Nikolai Alekseyevich (1908-1982) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1948-1982 of Nll-885 and NII AP. Specialised in missile and spaceship guidance.

Pilz.

  • Pilz, Wolfgang (1911-1994) German professor. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2; later worked in Egypt 1963-1963.

Pilz, Arthur.

  • Pilz, Arthur (1912-) German master mechanic in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Test Bench; Laboratory Department.

Pisarev.

  • Pisarev, Viktor Mikhailovich (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1968.

Pitskhelauri.

  • Pitskhelauri, Lado Vladimirovich (1932-) Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1965. Was married to cosmonaut Tatiyana Kuznetsova.. Engineer, Soviet Air Force. Selected as a cosmonaut in August 1965, but on 23 October 1965 the selection was nullified by a government commission.

Plathe.

  • Plathe, Albert (-1973) German Engineer. Pilot; main engineer at Peenemuende.

Pleshakov.

  • Pleshakov, Petr Stepanovich (1922-1987) Russian government official. Director of TsNII-108 1958-1964. Minister of Radio Industry 1974-1987.

Pobedonostsev.

  • Pobedonostsev, Yuri Aleksandrovich (1907-1973) Russian engineer. Chief Engineer 1946-49 of Nll-88. Later Chief Engineer of Nll-125.

Poehlmann.

  • Poehlmann, Moritz German rocket engine technical designer.

Poeschel.

  • Poeschel German Engineer. Engineer at Peenemuende.

Pogue.

  • Pogue, William Reid 'Bill' (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 4.

Poindexter.

  • Poindexter, Alan Goodwin 'Dex' (1961-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-122, STS-131. Grew up in Rockville, Maryland, son of John Poindexter, a US Naval Officer and senior US government official.

Pokrovskiy.

  • Pokrovskiy, Aleksei Vasilyevich (1903-1988) Russian officer. Director of Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine from the 1940s to 1959.

Pokrovskiy, Boris.

  • Pokrovskiy, Boris Antolyevich (1923-) Russian officer. Colonel, Deputy Chief of Center for the KIK Space Tracking System for Material Support.

Polansky.

  • Polansky, Mark Lewis 'Roman' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-98, STS-116, STS-127, , , ,

Poletaev.

  • Poletaev, Boris Ivanovich Russian engineer. General Director and Chief Designer of KB Arsenal Developed naval artillery, missiles, and satellites.

Polishchuk.

  • Polishchuk, Aleksandr Fyodorovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-13. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Polonski.

  • Polonski, Anatoly Borisovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1991. Test pilot and Colonel, Soviet Air Force Test Pilot School. Cosmonaut training March 1989 - April 1991. Later a test pilot at Khalovskaya.

Polukhin.

  • Polukhin, Dmitri Alekseyevich (1927-1993) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1973-1993 of Chelomei design bureau Filial 1. Led the development of Proton.

Polyakov.

  • Polyakov, Dr Valeri Vladimirovich (1942-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LD-2, Mir LD-4. Longest single space flight (437 days). 678 cumulative days in space. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems.

Polyakov, Boris.

  • Polyakov, Boris Ivanovich (1938-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964.

Ponomarev.

  • Ponomarev, Maksim Vladimirovich (1980-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Captain, Special-Purpose Command Staff (Moscow VO)

Ponomaryov.

  • Ponomaryov, Yuri Anatolyevich (1932-2005) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1983. Was married to astronaut Valentina Ponomaryova.

Ponomaryova.

  • Ponomaryova, Valentina Leonidovna (1933-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. Was married to astronaut Yuri Ponomaryov.

Pontes.

  • Pontes, Marcos Cesar (1963-) Brazilian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-10.

Popov.

  • Popov, Leonid Ivanovich (1945-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-4, Salyut 6 EP-10, Salyut 7 EP-2.

Popovich.

  • Popovich, Pavel Romanovich (1930-2009) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. Commander of first military space station mission.

Popovich, Marina.

  • Popovich, Marina Lavrentrevna Vasliyevna (1931-) Russian engineer at Antonov, VVS officer and test pilot, holder of 13 aviation world records, wife of cosmonaut Pavel Popovich, world-renowned UFO expert.

Poppel.

  • Poppel, Theodor Anton (1918-1986) German-American engineer, ember of von Braun's team, expert in guided missile ground support during WW2, and continued in that role in the US. Played a key role in designing Saturn I LC34, and the Saturn V's VAB and Transporter-Crawler.

Porter.

  • Porter, Richard W (1913-1996) American engineer; his 400-strong GE team at Malta, NY, built US versions of the V-2 and Wasserfall, and engine for Vanguard. Influential, on many committees, but Malta was a dead-end, and closed in 1984.

Porvatkin.

  • Porvatkin, Nikolai Stepanovich (1932-2009) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Technical Air Force School, 1952. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Monino, 1960. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - 18 August 1967. Worked at NPO Energia.

Post.

  • Post, Ferdinand German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Potapov.

  • Potapov, Dr Mikhail Georgiyevich (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1978-1985. Civilian Physician, Institute of Medical Biological Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Later Chief of Laboratory 174 at IMBP.

Powell.

  • Powell, Cecil American test pilot. Flew the X-24A and M2-F3.

Power.

  • Power, Thomas (1905-1970) American USAF officer, commanded Air Research and Development Command, in 1950s during development of early missiles. Commander of SAC, 1957-1964, during the crash program to deploy the Atlas, Titan, and Minuteman ICBMs.

Pozharskaya.

  • Pozharskaya, Dr Larisa Grigoryevna (1947-2002) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993.

Prahl.

  • Prahl, Dr Joseph Markel (1943-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. Assigned as backup for STS-50. Professor of Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Prandl.

  • Prandl German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Goettingen.

Prast.

  • Prast, J German expert in aero medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working in Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation).

Prasthofer.

  • Willibald P Prasthofer (1917-1993) Austrian-American engineer and rocket technician in World War II; later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 to 1955. He returned briefly to Graz, Austria, and then went to work with von Braun's team at Huntsville, Alabama. During his tenure at NASA, he was US representative to the Paris Air Show for a number of years and lectured at the Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville. He was on the faculty of the University of Alabama in Huntsville.

Pravetskiy.

  • Pravetskiy, Vladimir Nikolayevich Russian government official. Chief of Third Chief Directorate in Ministry of Health.

Precourt.

  • Precourt, Charles Joseph 'Charlie' (1955-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-55, STS-71, STS-84, STS-91.

Preobrazhensky.

  • Preobrazhensky, Vladimir Yevgenyevich (1939-1993) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1980. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute Soviet Air Force, liaising with aircraft industrial enterprises. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Killed in an auto crash.

Preyer.

  • Preyer, Hans D German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Englesby.

Prier.

  • Prier, Erich (1912-1989) German Engineer. Engineer at Rheinmetall Borsig.

Prikhodko.

  • Prikhodko, Yuri Victorovich (1953-2001) Tajik-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1994.

Prinz.

  • Prinz, Dr Dianne Kasnic (1938-2002) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985.

Prokopov.

  • Prokopov, Nikolai Afansyevich (1921-1960) Russian officer, Deputy Chief Third Directorate of GURVO, 1960. Service in WW2; part of special team sent to Germany in 1946 to secure rocket technology. Active in overseeing development of liquid rocket technology. Died in Nedelin disaster.

Pronina.

  • Pronina, Irina Rudolfovna (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992.

Prophett.

  • Prophett, Philip M (1917-1999) American engineer. Convair chief test pilot; took Atlas ICBM base activation through its most critical phase.

Protchenko.

  • Protchenko, Sergey Filipovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1979.

Prunariu.

  • Prunariu, Dumitru Dorin (1952-) Romanian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-10. First Rumanian astronaut.

Ptolemy.

  • Ptolemy, Claudius (fl 127) Greek philosopher, theorized that the universe had the Earth at its center with the planets, Moon, Sun, and stars orbiting around it. This concept was dogma for 1500 years until Copernicus placed the sun at the center. Also catalogued 1,022 star

Puchkov.

  • Puchkov, Aleksandr Sergeyevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996.

Puckett.

  • Puckett, Allen E (1919-) American engineer. Leader at Hughes Aircraft, 1949-1987. Led development of radars and missiles in 1950's, took Hughes into communications satellite field in 1960's.

Puellenberg.

  • Puellenberg, Albert (1913-) German engineer. Led the Hannover Group of German rocket experimenters 1931-1935, and renewed German citizen rocketry 1952-1964.

Pushenko.

  • Pushenko, Nikolay Alekseyevich (1952-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996.

Pustovyi.

  • Pustovyi, Dr Yaroslav Ihorovych 'Yarko' (1970-) Ukrainian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1996-2005. Ukraine Air Force.

Putze, Oswald.

  • Putze, Oswald (1900-) German graduate engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55.

Puz.

  • Puz, Craig Anton (1954-2008) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1990.

Qi Faren.

  • Qi Faren (1933-) Chinese chief designer. Chief Designer for Chinese Spacecraft, 1992-on, succeeding Qian. Led development of Shenzhou, 1992-1999. Engineering education in Russia, 1958-1960; participated in design of first Chinese satellite, DFH-1, in 1960's.

Quarles.

  • Quarles, Donald A (1894-1959) American manager, secretary of the Air Force 1955 -1957, deputy secretary of defense 1957- 1959. Played a key role in the Vanguard-Jupiter satellite launcher dispute.

Quayle.

  • Quayle, J Danforth 'Dan' American politician, Vice President 1989-1993, headed National Space Council, invovled in development of space station and its conversion from a national to an international projects.

Quistgaard.

  • Quistgaard, Erik European Manager. Erik Quistgaard, was the Director General of the European Space Agency from 1980-1984. As head of ESA, he oversaw the Ariane rocket's development and Spacelab's many contributions to space science.

Rachuk.

  • Rachuk, Vladimir Sergeyevich Russian engineer. From 1993 General Director and Chief Designer of KBKhA. Designer of liquid propellant rocket engines.

Radovskiy.

  • Radovskiy, Viktor Petrovich (1920-) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of OKB-456. Specialised in rocket engines and succeeded Glushko 1989.

Rafikov.

  • Rafikov, Mars Zakirovich (1933-2000) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1962.

Raimann.

  • Raimann, Alfred German expert in aircraft and rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Dresden-Neustadt, Hospitalstr. 15, Engg.

Ramon.

  • Ramon, Ilan (1954-2003) Jewish-Israeli pilot payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. First Israeli astronaut. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.

Rashkov.

  • Rashkov, Semen Yuvelevich Soviet Engineer. Soviet rocket engineer.

Raspletin.

  • Raspletin, Aleksandr Andreyevich (1908-1967) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1953-1967 of KB-1. Contributed to the RORSAT, EORSAT, and ASAT programs.

Rau.

  • Rau, Hans German expert in aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Darmstadt.

Raushenbakh.

  • Raushenbakh, Boris Viktorovich (1915-) Russian engineer. Department Chief 1960-1973 of Korolev design bureau. Specialised in guidance systems.

Raynor.

  • Raynor, Harold American engineer, at North American 1945-1963. Under his leadership the Apollo manned spacecraft was taken through the crucial first 18 months of design and development.

Readdy.

  • Readdy, William Francis 'Bill' (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-42, STS-51, STS-79.

Reagan.

  • Reagan, Ronald (1911-2004) American politician, president of the USA 1981-1989. Initiated 'Star Wars' strategic defences and Space Station Freedomt. Confronted the Soviet Union with a heavy aerospace buildup which they could not match, contributing to their collapse.

Rebrov.

  • Rebrov, Mikhail Fedorovich (1931-1998) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1965-1974.

Recknagel.

  • Recknagel, Otto German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Englesby.

Reeder.

  • Reeder, J American test pilot. Flew the X-5 # 1.

Rees.

  • Rees, Eberhard Friedrich Michael (1908-1998) German-American engineer, von Braun's right hand man, in charge of manufacturing 1940-1969 for V-2, Redstone, Jupiter, and rockets stages for Saturn LVs that took America to the moon. Succeeded von Braun as Director at Huntsville 1970-1973.

Regener.

  • Regener, Erich (1881-1955) German physical chemist during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Stuttgart Physikal Inst. d. T.H.S..

Reichelderfer.

  • Reichelderfer, Francis W (1895-1983) American meteorologist. Head of US Weather Bureau, 1938-1963. At the end of his tenure the first weather satellite was designed and orbited.

Reid.

  • Reid, Henry J E (1895-1968) American engineer, at NASA 1921-1961, designed basic instruments for flight research.

Reiff.

  • Reiff, Rolf German expert in the V-2 missile during World War II. As of January 1947, held at Camp Woilburg.

Reightler.

  • Reightler, Kenneth Stanley Jr 'Ken' (1951-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-48, STS-60.

Reilly.

  • Reilly, Dr James Francis II 'JR' (1954-) American geologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-89, STS-104, STS-117.

Reinhard, Siegfried.

  • Reinhard, Siegfried (1919-) German designer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61.

Reisig.

  • Reisig, Gerhard Herbert Richard (1910-2005) German engineer. Expert in guided missile guidance, telemetry, and control, working for von Braun from 1937. Worked for Dornberger on Wasserfall SAM from 1943. Member of von Braun's Rocket Team in the US from 1947.

Reisman.

  • Reisman, Garrett Erin (1968-) Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-16-3, STS-123, STS-132.

Reiter.

  • Reiter, Thomas Arthur (1958-) German test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS Astrolab.

Reitsch.

  • Reitsch, Hanna (1912-1979) German test pilot. Famed German aviatrix, glider and test pilot during WW2. She flew the womanned version of the V-1 cruise missile

Remek.

  • Remek, Vladimir 'Volodya' (1948-) Czech pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-2. First Czech astronaut.

Ren Xinmin.

  • Ren Xinmin Chinese Engineer. Chief Designer of Chinese storable propellant rocket engines. Replaced Wu Xiji in developing CZ-1 launch vehicle. Chief Designer for CZ-3 launch vehicle, DFH, Fengyun, and SJ series satellites.

Res.

  • Res, Eberhard Fritz Michael German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Reshetnev.

  • Reshetnev, Mikhail Fedorovich (1924-1996) Russian engineer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1961-1996 of OKB-10, primary Soviet designer of communications and navigation satellites.

Resnik.

  • Resnik, Dr Judith Arlene 'JR' (1949-1986) Jewish-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-51-L. Engineer. Died in Challenger accident.

Revin.

  • Revin, Sergey Nikolayevich (1966-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1996-on.

Rhode.

  • Rhode, Richard V (1904-1994) American engineer, at NASA 1925-1967, involved with air and launch vehicle research and advanced design criteria.

Richards.

  • Richards, Richard Noel 'Dick' (1946-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-28, STS-41, STS-50, STS-64.

Richards, Paul.

  • Richards, Paul William (1964-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-102.

Rickhey.

  • Rickhey, Georg German Engineer. Engineer and general manager of Mittelwerk during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Ride.

  • Ride, Dr Sally Kristen (1951-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-41-G. Physicist, first American woman in space. Was married to astronaut Steven Alan Hawley.

Ridenour.

  • Ridenour, Louis Nicot (1911-1959) American physicist, served in leading academic, industry, and government positions, notably as chief scientist with the US Air Force in the early 1950s.

Ridley.

  • Ridley, Jack (1915-1957) American test pilot. Technical lead for pioneering rocketplanes at Edwards AFB 1946-1956. Killed in transport aircraft crash, 1957.

Riedel, Klaus.

  • Riedel, Klaus Erhardt (1907-1944) Talented German engineer, instrumental in developing the first liquid propellant rocket engines in Germany at VfR and in design and debugging of the V-2's engine. Unrelated to contemporary rocket engineers Walter Riedel and Walther Riedel. Killed in an automobile crash near Karlshagen, Germany.

Riedel, Walter.

  • Riedel, Walter J H 'Papa' (1902-1968) German rocket engineer; worked for Heylandt, then von Braun; involved in development of V-2 engine. Disliked von Braun; left rocketry in 1946. Not to be confused with Walther Riedel or Klaus Riedl, two other contemporary rocket engineers.

Riedel, Walther.

  • Riedel, Walther Johannes (1903-1974) German manager and engineer who managed development of V-2 rocket engine after the death of Thiel. In the US he transferred this technology to Rocketdyne, which led to the engines for the Redstone, Thor, Jupiter, Atlas, and Saturn I rockets.

Rij.

  • Rij, Jerry Jerome (1950-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Served at Onizuka AFB, California. Retired from the Air Force in 1995. Thereafter worked in private industry in Virginia.

Roberts.

  • Roberts, Katherine Eileen Sparks (1954-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987.

Roberts, Walter.

  • Roberts, Walter O (1915-1990) American astronomer, heavily involved in the debate over "nuclear winter" and the possibility of the "Greenhouse Effect" on the Earth in 1980s.

Robinson.

  • Robinson, Dr Stephen Kern (1955-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-85, STS-95, STS-114, STS-130.

Rodimov.

  • Rodimov, Petr Vadilyevich (1902-1996) Russian officer. Colonel-General, professor, Chief of Mozhaiskiy Academy in Leningrad 1947-1969. Entered military in 1923. Graduated Zhukovskiy Academy 1932. After the war deputy commander of the 16th Air Army for Engineering Service.

Rogers.

  • Rogers, Russell Lee (1928-1967) American test pilot astronaut, 1962-1963.

Rogers, William.

  • Rogers, William P (1913-) American politician, chair of the presidentially-mandated blue ribbon commission investigating the Challenger accident in January 1986

Romanenko.

  • Romanenko, Yuri Viktorovich (1944-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 6 EP-8, Mir LD-1. Father of cosmonaut Roman Romanenko. 430 cumulative days in space.

Romanenko, Roman.

  • Romanenko, Roman Yuriyevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Son of cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Military Air School of Pilots, 1992 Russian Air Force. Cosmonaut training completed November 19. 1999.

Romanov.

  • Romanov, Valeri Aleksandrovich (1946-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman-Higher School, Moscow, 1970 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Worked with NPO Salyut.

Rominger.

  • Rominger, Kent Vernon (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-73, STS-80, STS-85, STS-96, STS-100.

Ronney.

  • Ronney, Paul David (1957-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1997. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-83 Mission MSL-1.

Roosa.

  • Roosa, Stuart Allen 'Stu' (1933-1994) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 14. Died of viral pneumonia, a complication of pancreatitis.

Rosen, Harold.

  • Rosen, Harold A (1926-) American Hughes Engineer. Harold A. Rosen was one of the key scientists at the Hughes Aircraft Company who developed Syncom, the first geosynchronous communications satellite, for NASA. He received the National Medal of Technology in 1985.

Rosen, Herbert.

  • Rosen, Herbert H American engineer, deputy director of the office of public information in NASA in early 1960.

Rosen, Milton.

  • Rosen, Milton W (1915-) American engineer, at NRL 1940-1957. Supervised Viking rocket 1947-1955, Vanguard rocket 1955-1958. Took the fall for Vanguard's loss of space race to Sputnik. At NASA 1958-1974, involved in key launch vehicle decisions 1958-1963.

Rosenbaum.

  • Rosenbaum, Mortimer (1914-) American engineer. Vice President of Engineering for the Atlas program.

Rosinski.

  • Rosinski, Werner Kurt-Otto (1914-2000) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Worked his entire life with the rocket team, at Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Ross.

  • Ross, Jerry Lynn (1948-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-27, STS-37, STS-55, STS-74, STS-88, STS-110. Held world record of seven spaceflights. US record of nine spacewalks.

Ross, Chan.

  • Ross, Chandler Cole 'Chan' (1913-1991) American engineer. Director of numerous advanced projects at Aerojet (including Aerotojet, Aerorocket, NERVA).

Ross, H E.

  • Ross, H E British engineer, leader of the British Interplanetary Society from 1933. Originated 1939 article that outlined a method of accomplishing a manned lunar mission.

Rosselevich.

  • Rosselevich, Igor Aleksandrovich (1918-1991) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1954-1983 of Nll-380. Specialised in television systems for spacecraft

Rossitto.

  • Rossitto, Franco (1940-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986.

Rossmann.

  • Rossmann, Theodor German expert in weapons during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Rostow.

  • Rostow, Walt W (1916-2003) American economist, assistant to presidents Kennedy and Johnson for national security affairs.

Roth.

  • Roth, Ludwig (1909-1967) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Rothe.

  • Rothe, Heinrich (1907-2005) German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Worked his entire life with the rocket team, at Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Rozhdestvensky.

  • Rozhdestvensky, Valeri Illyich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 23.

Rubins.

  • Rubins, Kathleen Hallisey "Kate" (1978-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Rude.

  • Rude, Arthur Harry (1890-1982) American manager. Vice-President of Aerojet, 1944-1966.

Ruden.

  • Ruden, Paul German expert in aeronautics during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Stuttgart.

Rudenko.

  • Rudenko, Sergei Ignatyevich (1904-1990) Russian officer. First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Air Force 1958-1968. Oversaw cosmonaut training.

Rudnev.

  • Rudnev, Konstantin Nikolayevich (1911-1980) Russian government official. Director of NII-88 1950-1952. Chaired GKOT 1958-1961.

Rudolph.

  • Rudolph, Arthur Louis Hugo (1906-1996) German-American rocket engineer, with Valier in 1931, von Braun from 1934. Planned V-2 production. Program manager for Redstone, Pershing, and the Saturn V. Retired 1970, but named as a war criminal, returned to Germany in 1984.

Ruediger.

  • Ruediger, Walter (1901-) German measurement technician in WW2, worked in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Ruehlemann.

  • Ruehlemann, Erich German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Bodensee.

Rukavishnikov.

  • Rukavishnikov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1932-2002) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Salyut 6 EP-5-1.

Runco.

  • Runco, Mario Jr 'Trooper' (1952-) American meteorologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-54, STS-77.

Runge.

  • Runge, Ernst German expert in rockets during World War II at Nordhausen. Later worked in France at LRBA as a technician in the mechanics group of the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Ruppe.

  • Ruppe, Kurt Oskar Harry (1929-) German space travel expert.

Rushworth.

  • Rushworth, Robert Aitken (1924-1993) American test pilot. Selected as X-15 pilot in 1958, he made the most X-15 flights and obtained astronaut wings on X-15 Flight 87. Flew 187 combat missions in Vietnam.

Ryabikov.

  • Ryabikov, Vasili Mikhailovich (1907-1974) Russian government official. Chief of Third Chief Directorate of Council of Ministers 1951-1953. Chaired Military-Industrial Commission 1955-1957and Sputnik State Commission.

Ryazanskiy.

  • Ryazanskiy, Mikhail Sergeyevich (1909-1987) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1946-1951 and 1955-1987 of Nll-885. Specialised in missile and spacecraft radio guidance.

Ryazansky.

  • Ryazansky, Sergei Nikolayevich (1974-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 2003-on. Worked at IMBP, in the post of senior scientific researcher at the "Sensomotornoy, Fiziology i Profilaktiky" department. Cosmonaut training 16 June 2003 - 27 June 2005.

Ryker.

  • Ryker, Norman (1926-2006) American engineer, began working at Rocketdyne. Headed North American's Apollo proposal group. Assistant Chief Engineer for Apollo. President of Rocketdyne, 1976-1983, leading development and flight of the Space Shuttle Main Engine.

Ryumin.

  • Ryumin, Valeri Viktorovich (1939-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 25, Salyut 6 EO-3, Salyut 6 EO-4, STS-91. Was married to astronaut Yelena Kondakova. 371 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB

Ryzhikov.

  • Ryzhikov, Sergei Nikolaevich (1974-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, VVS and PVO 14th Army (Novosibirsk / SibVO) Cosmonaut 2006-10-11 to .

Sacco.

  • Sacco, Dr Albert Jr 'Al' (1949-) American chemical engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73.

Saenger.

  • Saenger, Eugen Albert (1905-1964) German-Austrian rocket pioneer; designer of Silverbird space bomber. Worked at Trauen for Luftwaffe 1936-1944 on rocket and ramjet development; for the French 1946-1954. Research in Germany 1954-1963 included winged shuttle designs.

Sagdeyev.

  • Sagdeyev, Roald Z (1932-) Russian astronomer, involved in virtually every lunar and planetary probe launched by the Soviet Union.

Saint-Jacques.

  • Saint-Jacques, David (1970-) Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Saley.

  • Saley, Yevgeni Vladimirovich (1950-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1987.

Sallwey.

  • Sallwey, Hans German expert in rocket turbopumps during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Langen/Frankfurt.

Salter.

  • Salter, Robert M (1920-) American physicist, at North American, 1946-1948; Rand, 1948-1954; Lockheed, 1954-1959. Responsible for much of the early studies of earth satellites, especially reconnaisance satellites.

Sammeck.

  • Sammeck, Albert German designer for rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Munich, Gladbach.

Samokutyayev.

  • Samokutyayev, Aleksandr Mikhailovich (1970-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Flew on ISS EO-27.

Samonov.

  • Samonov, Vladimir Ivanovich (1924-) Russian officer. Major General, Chief Engineer of GUKOS 1970-1980. In 1955 assigned to Baikonur, where participated in launch of first Sputnik, Vostok, and planetary probes. Responsible for completion of Zenit reconnaissance satellite.

Sandys.

  • Sandys, Duncan British Politician. British politician.

Santonico.

  • Santonico, Stefano (1948-) Italian engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993.

Sarafanov.

  • Sarafanov, Gennadi Vassilyevich (1942-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15.

Satcher.

  • Satcher, Robert Lee Jr 'Bobby' (1965-) African-American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Sattarov.

  • Sattarov, Nail Sharipovich (1941-) Tatar-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1980.

Saul.

  • Saul, Aldo German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Saurma.

  • von Saurma, Friedrich und Hans German-American rocket engine designer, worked at Huntsville with von Braun. Ranking Prussian aristrocrat of the German rocket team. His wife was von Braun's personal secretary.

Saus.

  • Saus, Valentin Andreyeich (1932-) Russian officer. Deputy Chief GNITs KS Space Tracking Centre for Space Communications and Television 1977-1991.

Savin.

  • Savin, Anatoli Ivanovich (1920-) Russian chief designer. General Designer from 1962 of KB-1 and TsNII Kometa. Specialised in the hardware for the Soviet RORSAT. EORSAT, and ASAT programs.

Savinykh.

  • Savinykh, Viktor Petrovich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-6, Salyut 7 EO-4-1a, Mir EP-2.

Savitskaya.

  • Savitskaya, Svetlana Yevgenyevna (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-2, Salyut 7 EP-4. Test pilot, engineer, second woman in space. First woman to walk in space.

Sawatzki.

  • Sawatzki, Albin (-1945) German engineer, head of productionisation of the A4 missile, and technical director at Mittelwerk. His family believes that he was captured by the U.S. Army near the end of the war, perhaps tortured, and died in custody.

Schabert.

  • Schabert German rocket technician in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the chemistry group from 1947-1950.

Schaefer, Wilhelm.

  • Schaefer, Wilhelm German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Steinlager, Allendorf.

Schaper.

  • Schaper, Otto Friedrich (1892-1967) German expert in guided missiles during World War II. Arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina. Worked at Port Washington, Long Island, New York, USA, until his death in 1967.

Scheidt.

  • Scheidt, Karl German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Scheufelen.

  • Scheufelen, Klaus Eduard (1913-2008) German engineer, V-2 test leader. At end of war headed development of Taifun unguided antiaircraft rocket, characterised as a 'desperation project'. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Living in Lenningen, Germany in 2004.

Schiaparelli.

  • Schiaparelli, Giovanni (1835-1910) Italian astronomer, made observations in the 1860's of Martian canals; believed them to be artificial constructions and indicating intelligent life. Tremendously influenced the public and science fiction writers. Later shown to be an optical i

Schierhorn, Walter.

  • Schierhorn, Walter (1907-) German welding engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Shop 55.

Schilling.

  • Schilling, Martin (1911-2002) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Schindler.

  • Schindler, William 'Bill' American manager. NASA Delta launch vehicle program manager, the single individual most responsible for developing the light launch vehicle into a medium lift workhorse

Schirra.

  • Schirra, Walter Marty Jr 'Wally' (1923-2007) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-8, Gemini 6, Apollo 7. Member of first crew to rendezvous in space, and commander of first manned Apollo mission. Remembered both for practical jokes and uncompromising attention to detail. Flew 90 combat missions in the Korean War.

Schlechter.

  • Schlechter, Peter German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Niederbeerbach bei Darmstadt, Obergasse 2 (American Zone of Occupation).

Schlegel.

  • Schlegel, Hans Wilhelm (1951-) German physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55, STS-122.

Schlesinger.

  • Schlesinger, James R (1929-) American manager, chair of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1971-1973, Secretary of Defense, 1973-1975.

Schlidt.

  • Schlidt, Rudolf Karl Hans (1914-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Schlitt.

  • Schlitt, Helmut Wilhelm Emil (1912-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Schlotzer.

  • Schlotzer German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France as head of the armature group for LRBA from 1947 until retirement in 1970.

Schmidt.

  • Schmidt, Helmut Heinrich German-American expert in guided missiles during WW2. Member of the German rocket team, arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Schmidt, C.

  • Schmidt, C German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the instrumentation group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Schmidt, Johannes.

  • Schmidt, Johannes German expert in rocket engines during World War II, working at the Walter Werke, Kiel. Moved by the British to Saenger's facility in Trauen in early 1946 to conduct rocket engine tests, which were completed on 16 June 1946.

Schmidt, Paul.

  • Schmidt, Paul (1898-) German engineer, physicist and expert in jet propulsion at Peenemuende during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Munich, Allach.

Schmidt, W.

  • Schmidt, W German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on electronic homing systems in the target tracking department 1947-1952.

Schmieder.

  • Schmieder, Curt Otto German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Darmstadt.

Schmiedl.

  • Schmiedl, Friedrich (1902-1994) Austrian rocket pioneer, tested recoverable solid propellant rockets from 1924-1934 for use as stratospheric probes and mail delivery. Refused to participate in development of military rockets, either for the Nazis or the Americans.

Schmitt.

  • Schmitt, Dr Harrison Hagan 'Jack' (1935-) American geologist astronaut. Flew on Apollo 17. Twelvth person and only geologist to walk on the moon.

Schmoll.

  • Schmoll German rocket technician and engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA as part of the armature group from 1947-1951 before returning to Germany.

Schnapper.

  • Schnapper German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the doppler tracking group of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Schnarowski.

  • Schnarowski, Heinz Ludwig (1910-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Schneider.

  • Schneider, William C American engineer, at NASA 1963-1980. Mission director for seven Gemini missions; Apollo mission director 1967-1968; Skylab Program director 1968-1974.

Schneider, Hans.

  • Schneider, Hans (1909-1990) German expert in jet propulsion at Peenemuende during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Munich. Later became head of ERNO.

Scholz.

  • Scholz, Walter (1907-) German measurement technician in WW2, worked in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Schomburg.

  • Schomburg, August (1908-1972) American US Army US Army Officer. August Schomburg was a career Army officer who rose to the rank of lieutenant general. From 1960 to 1962 he was commander of the Army missile ordnance command at Redstone Arsenal.

Schongs.

  • Schongs, Bernhard German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Schossig.

  • Schossig German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on gyroscopes and antennae in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Schrader, Leopold.

  • Schrader, Leopold German expert in missile a-4 during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Ahrweiler, Grafschafterstr. "with Schmitz". (French Zone of Occupation).

Schriever.

  • Schriever, Bernard A (1910-2005) Key German-American military manager of development of the Thor, Atlas, Titan, and Minuteman ballistic missiles.

Schubert.

  • Schubert German rocket guidance engineer; later worked in France at LRBA as head of the automated control loop department 1946-1952.

Schuesseln.

  • Schuesseln, Leo K German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Stuttgart, Gaenseheidestr. 15.

Schuetz.

  • Schuetz, Wilhelm (1900-) German professor. Member of German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Measurement technician; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2.

Schuler.

  • Schuler, Albert E (1915-1998) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Schulz.

  • Schulz German staff officer and commander of V-2 units.

Schulze.

  • Schulze, August Wilhelm (1905-2001) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Schumann.

  • Schumann, Erich German expert in biological warfare during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Berlin.

Schuminszky.

  • Schuminszky, Nandor Hungarian historian. Space archivist; since 1964 collected over 10,000 photos and slides related to spaceflight and space research.

Schuran.

  • Schuran German engineer in WW2. Worked at LRBA from 1947 to 1958 as leader of the ground support equipment group. Returned to Germany thereafter.

Schwab.

  • Schwab German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Berlin Schmargendorf Cranerstr. 3.

Schwarz, Friedrich.

  • Schwarz, Friedrich Wilhelm (1909-1961) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Phoenix, Arizona.

Schwarz, Robert.

  • Schwarz, Robert (1896-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter.

Schwarz, Willi.

  • Schwarz, Willi (1910-) German test engineer in WW2, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked as Deputy to the Test Bench Chief; Laboratory Department.

Schweickart.

  • Schweickart, Russel Luis 'Rusty' (1935-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 9.

Schwidetzky.

  • Schwidetzky, Walter Hans (1910-) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Living in San Diego, California in 2004.

Scobee.

  • Scobee, Francis Richard 'Dick' (1939-1986) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C, STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident.

Scott.

  • Scott, David Randolph 'Dave' (1932-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 9, Apollo 15. Seventh person to walk on the moon. First to drive a lunar wheeled vehicle. Member of first crew to dock in space.

Scott, Winston.

  • Scott, Winston Elliott (1950-) African-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-87.

Scully-Power.

  • Scully-Power, Paul Desmond (1944-) Australian-American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G.

Seaborg.

  • Seaborg, Glenn T (1912-1999) American physicist, chair of the Atomic Energy Commission 1961-1971.

Seamans.

  • Seamans, Robert C (1918-2008) American engineer. Key leadership positions at NASA 1960-1968 during the Apollo program.

Searfoss.

  • Searfoss, Richard Alan 'Rick' (1956-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-58, STS-76, STS-90.

Sechkin.

  • Sechkin, Aleksey Semenovich (1936-) Russian officer. Major General, Chief Commander of the Mozhaisky School, 1984-1991.

Seddon.

  • Seddon, Dr Margaret Rhea (1947-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58. Physician. Was married to astronaut Robert Lee (Hoot) Gibson.

Sedov.

  • Sedov, Leonid Ivanovich (1907-) Russian scientist. Chaired the Commission for Promotion of Interplanetary Flights. Public spokesman for the Soviet space program.

See.

  • See, Elliot McKay Jr (1927-1966) American test pilot astronaut, 1962-1966. Died in crash of his T-38 trainer into the McDonnell Aircraft plant.

Seeler.

  • Seeler, H German expert in aero medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working in Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation).

Sefchek.

  • Sefchek, Paul Andrew (1946-1997) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985.

Sega.

  • Sega, Dr Ronald Michael 'Ron' (1952-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-60, STS-76. Was married to astronaut Bonnie Dunbar.

Seidel.

  • Seidel, Joachim German rocket engineer at BMW document center during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Rosenheim, Bavaria. Later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1977. Remained in France, living in Vernon.

Seliger.

  • Seliger, Berthold (1928-) German engineer, assistant to Saenger, most successful developer of rocketry in Germany 1960-1964. Work was ended by government decision to restrict missile development to established military contractors.

Sellers.

  • Sellers, Piers John (1955-) British-American ecologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, STS-121, STS-132.

Semenov.

  • Semenov, Anatoli Ivanovich (1908-1973) Russian officer. Commander of GURVO 1954-1964.

Semenov, Yuri.

  • Semenov, Yuri Pavlovich (1935-) Russian engineer. General Designer of RKK Energia 1989 to 2005

Sendler.

  • Sendler, Karl (1914-) Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Senkevich.

  • Senkevich, Dr Yuri Aleksandrovich (1937-2003) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966.

Serbin.

  • Serbin, Ivan Dmitryevich (1910-1981) Russian government official. Chief of Defence lndustries Department 1958-1981.

Serebrov.

  • Serebrov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1944-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-2, Soyuz T-8, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-14. Ten spacewalks. 372 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO.

Sergeyev.

  • Sergeyev, Vladimir Grigoryevich (1914-) Russian officer. From 1966 General Director and Chief Designer for OKB-692 GKRE (later NPO Elktropribot, Kharkov). Designer of control systems for missiles and space launchers.

Serov.

  • Serov, Ivan Aleksandrovich (1905-1990) Russian government official. First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs. Chaired KGB 1954-1958.

Serov, Mark.

  • Serov, Mark Vyacheslavovich (1974-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. An engineer at RKK Energia since 1998.

Serova.

  • Serova, Elena Olegovna (1976-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2006-on.Wife of Mark Serov (2003 selection group) Graduate of MAI. Worked in TsUP Flight Control Center.

Sevastyanov.

  • Sevastyanov, Vitali Ivanovich (1935-2010) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 9, Soyuz 18.

Sevastyanov, Nikolai.

  • Sevastyanov, Nikolai (1944-) Russian engineer. General Designer of RKK Energia 2005 to 2007

Severin.

  • Severin, Gay Ilich (1926-2008) Russian engineer. Chief Designer and General Designer from 1961 of OKB Zvezda. Specialised in spacesuits and EVA airlocks.

Severin, Vladimir.

  • Severin, Vladimir Gayevich (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1995. Son of design bureau chief Gay Ilich Severin.

Shabalin.

  • Shabalin, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1920-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, from 1970 Chief Designer and Director of MNII for Automatic Equipment. From 1954 to 1958 senior scientific specialist in NII-5 GAU. Developed systems for KIK space tracking and control network.

Shabarov.

  • Shabarov, Yevgeni Vasilyevich (1922-) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer at Korolev design bureau. Led the flight testing of piloted spacecraft.

Shakhurin.

  • Shakhurin, Aleksei Ivanovich (1904-1975) Russian government official. People's Commissar for Aviation Industries 1940-1946.

Shane.

  • Shane, Doug American test pilot, headed Flight Operations at Scaled Composites from 1989.

Shao Zhijian.

  • Shao Zhijian (1940-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1958. He was a PLAAF regiment commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Shapley.

  • Shapley, Willis H (1917-2005) American manager, served at NASA 1965-1975 and 1987-1988.

Sharafutdinov.

  • Sharafutdinov, Ansar Ilgamovich (1939-) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Retired from active military duty in 1985. Later taught at a Higher School.

Shargin.

  • Shargin, Yuri Georgiyevich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-7. Russian Strategic Rocket Force

Sharipov.

  • Sharipov, Saliszan Shakirovich (1964-) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-89, ISS EO-10. First Uzbek astronaut. SU Air Force.

Sharma.

  • Sharma, Rakesh 'Rikki' (1949-) Indian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-3. First Indian astronaut. Indian Air Force

Sharman.

  • Sharman, Helen Patricia 'Lenochka' (1963-) British engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Juno. Chemist. First British astronaut. First non-American, non-Soviet female astronaut.

Sharov.

  • Sharov, Valeri Yuriyevich (1953-) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992.

Shatalov.

  • Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1927-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Made first Soviet space docking.

Shavyrin.

  • Shavyrin, Boris Ivanovich (1902-1965) Russian engineer. From 1942-1965 Manager and Chief Designer of the Kolomna Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau. Designer of artillery and rocket equipment.

Shaw.

  • Shaw, Brewster Hopkinson Jr (1945-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-61-B, STS-28.

Shcheglov.

  • Shcheglov, Vasily Dmitriyevich (1940-1973) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1972. Graduated from Yeisk Higher Military Pilot School, 1963 Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Died of lung cancer.

Shcheulov.

  • Shcheulov, Viktor Ivanovich (1922-) Russian officer, Deputy Chief Scientific Research Centre of the Ministry of Defence (1982-1983). From 1945, ascending positions in management of rocket development. Moved to space forces in 1961, worked with KIK space tracking network.

Shchukin.

  • Shchukin, Alexandr Vladimirovich (1946-1988) Belarusian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1988.

Shea.

  • Shea, Joseph Francis (1926-1999) American engineer. Lead NASA manager responsible for development of the Apollo spacecraft

Sheffer.

  • Sheffer, Yuri Petrovich (1947-2001) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996. Was married to cosmonaut Tamara Zakharova.

Shen Qizhen.

  • Shen Qizhen (1906-1993) Chinese PLA Physician. Chairman of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, one of three senior scientists that laid out plans for the first Chinese manned spacecraft in April 1966.

Shepard.

  • Shepard, Alan Bartlett Jr 'Al' (1923-1998) First American in space. Flew on Mercury MR-3, Apollo 14. Grounded due on medical grounds during Gemini, but reinstated, becoming fifth person to walk on the moon. Millionaire entrepreneur on the side.

Shepherd.

  • Shepherd, William McMichael 'Bill' (1949-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-27, STS-41, STS-52, ISS EO-1. Shepherd was an ex-Navy SEAL and an expert in underwater demolition.

Sheremetyevskiy.

  • Sheremetyevskiy, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1916-) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1974-1991 of losifyan design bureau. Specialised in power sources and earth survey satellites.

Shevardnadze.

  • Shevardnadze, Eduard A (1927-) Georgian politician, reform leader in the Soviet Union, negotiated with the United States for international cooperation in space, including the building of a space station in the 1990s.

Shevchenko.

  • Shevchenko, Dmitri Panteyevich (1925-) Russian officer. Major General, Deputy Chief of GUKOS Space Forces for Political Units 1981-1984.

Shiborin.

  • Shiborin, Serenti (-1958) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Oberth claimed in 1959 that a pilot was killed on a sub-orbital flight from Kapustin Yar in early 1958. Italian press linked Shiborin name to this flight. No other evidence.

Shkaplerov.

  • Shkaplerov, Anton Nikolayevich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on.

Shlykov.

  • Shlykov, Nikolair Fedorovich (1922-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General, Chief Commander of KIK for Satellites at Golintso-2 1976-1988.

Shonin.

  • Shonin, Georgi Stepanovich (1935-1997) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6.

Shriver.

  • Shriver, Loren James (1944-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C, STS-31, STS-46. Grew up in Paton, Iowa.

Shubnikov.

  • Shubnikov, Georgi Maksimovich (1903-1965) Russian officer. Chief of Construction Directorate of Baikonur 1955-1965.

Shultz.

  • Shultz, George P (1920-) American politican, Reagan's Secretary of State, 1981-1989. During his negotiated strategic arms reductions with the Soviet Union.

Shurygin.

  • Shurygin, Viktor Aleksandrovich Russian engineer. Director and General Designer of TsKB Titan, Volgograd. Designer of missile launchers.

Shuttleworth.

  • Shuttleworth, Mark Richard Republic 'Buranov' (1973-) South African tourist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-3. First South African astronaut.

Sidorenko.

  • Sidorenko, Valentin I (1926-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1962-1963. Pilot, Soviet Air Force. Selected as a cosmonaut on 3 December 1962, but on 8 January 1963 and again on 13 December 1963 the government commission refused to approve the appointment.

Sieber.

  • Sieber, Werner (1912-1995) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Siebold.

  • Siebold, Pete American test pilot, engineer, at Scaled Composites.

Siemens.

  • Siemens, Heinrich German expert in aerodynamics during World War II.

Siepert.

  • Siepert, Albert F (1915-) American manager. NASA, 1958-1969; Deputy Director, Kennedy Space Center 1963-1969.

Silve.

  • Silve, Benoit M (1958-) French engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Pilot, French Navy Selected for French astronaut team.

Silveira.

  • Silveira, Milton A (1929-) American manager, at NASA 1955-1986. Deputy Administrator, 1981-1983; NASA Chief Engineer, 1983-1986.

Silverstein.

  • Silverstein, Abe (1908-2001) American engineer. Chaired committee that set NASA's spaceflight plans for the 1960's. Director, NASA Cleveland 1961-1970.

Simon.

  • Simon, Dr George Warren (1934-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985.

Simon, Dr.

  • Simon, Dr German expert in the V-2 missile during World War II. As of January 1947, living c/o Fa. Dr. Simon Frankfurt/M.

Simonyi.

  • Simonyi, Charles 'Karoly' (1948-) Hungarian-American computer scientist, space tourist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-12, ISS EP-16. Inventor of the Macintosh/Windows visual interface.

Singelmann.

  • Singelmann, Dietrich E G F German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Singer.

  • Singer, S Fred (1924-) American physicist, proposed a Minimum Orbital Unmanned Satellite of the Earth (MOUSE) in 1953.

Sirobaba.

  • Sirobaba, Ya Ya (1917-) Russian officer. Deputy Commander for Research for KIK Space Tracking Network 1971-1975.

Sisakyan.

  • Sisakyan, Norair Martirosovich (1907-1966) Russian scientist. Early space medicine specialist at the Second Division of Biological Sciences under the Academy of Sciences.

Skantze.

  • Skantze, Lawrence Albert (1928-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985.

Skripochka.

  • Skripochka, Oleg Ivanovich (1969-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1997-on. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Skvortsov.

  • Skvortsov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Father of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov, Jr.

Skvortsov, Aleksandr.

  • Skvortsov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Jr (1966-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov.

Slayton.

  • Slayton, Donald Kent 'Deke' (1924-1993) American test pilot astronaut. Slated to fly third Mercury mission, grounded due to a medical issue and became astronaut commander, assigning crews for lunar landings. Later finally flew on Apollo (ASTP).

Smakula.

  • Smakula, Alexander German expert in guided missiles infra-red during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Fort Belvoir, Virginia.

Smirenny.

  • Smirenny, Dr Lev Nikolayevich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1972-1986. Medical Doctor. Graduated from Moscow Physical-Engineering Institute, 1956. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Chief of a laboratory at IMBP.

Smirnitskiy.

  • Smirnitskiy, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1918-1993) Russian officer. Commander of GURVO 1967-1975. Thereafter moved to Ministry of General Machine Building.

Smirnov.

  • Smirnov, Leonid Vasilyevich (1916-) Russian government official. Chaired the Military-Industrial Commission 1963-1985. Director of YuzhMash Plant 1952-1961.

Smith.

  • Smith, Michael John (1945-1986) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident.

Smith, Steven.

  • Smith, Steven Lee (1958-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-68, STS-82, STS-103, STS-110.

Sohn.

  • Sohn German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France as part of the engine group at LRBA from 1947-1957, then returned to Germany.

Sokolov.

  • Sokolov, Andrei Illarionovich (1910-1976) Russian officer. Director of Nll-4 during the early space program 1955-1970.

Sokolova.

  • Sokolova, Marina Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Pilot. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but on 3 March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission. In 1965 she set the world speed record for a female pilot while flying a MIG-21.

Sokolovskiy.

  • Sokolovskiy, Mikhail Ivanovich Russian engineer. From 1996 general designer and director of NPO Iskra in Perm. Designer of solid propellant rocket engines.

Sokovykh.

  • Sokovykh, Anatoli Mikhailovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1986.

Sologub.

  • Sologub, Mikhail Vladimirovich (1936-1996) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1968.

Solomonov.

  • Solomonov, Yuri Semenovich Russian engineer. From 1997 Director and General Designer of Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology. Solid propellant missile designer.

Solovova.

  • Solovova, Ludmilla Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission.

Solovyev.

  • Solovyev, Vsevolod Nikolayevich Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1963-1992 of KB TransMash Designed missile and booster launch complexes.

Solovyov.

  • Solovyov, Anatoliy Yakovlevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2, Mir EO-6, Mir EO-12, Mir EO-19, Mir EO-24. 651 cumulative days in space.

Solovyov, V I.

  • Solovyov, Vsevolod Nikolayevich Russian engineer. Head of the KB Transport Mechanical Engineering (KB TM) 1963-1991. KB TM developed launch equipment and complexes for a range of missiles, including the R-36 heavy ICBM.

Solovyov, Vladimir.

  • Solovyov, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1946-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Solovyova.

  • Solovyova, Irina Bayanovna (1937-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969.

Song Jian.

  • Song Jian Chinese Engineer. Theoretician that made important contributions to Chinese missile and satellite control systems. Updated Qian Xuesen's primary textbook for Chinese rocket engineers.

Sorlie.

  • Sorlie, Donald Milton (1923-) American test pilot, 1962-1973. Flights of the M2-F2. Colonel, USAF Selected as a military astronaut candidate in 1973. Later made flights of the M2-F2 lifting body. Retired on 30 June 1973.

Sorokin.

  • Sorokin, Dr Aleksey Vasilyevich (1931-1976) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Soviet Air Force Physician. On the staff of the cosmonaut training center, working in the field of aerospace medicine.Later head of department at several scientific institutes.

Spate.

  • Spate, Wolfgang (1911-1997) German Luftwaffe Captain, Commander of the test squadrons for the Me-163.

Speer.

  • Speer, Albert (1905-1981) German manager. Hitler's right-hand man. Architect and Reichminister for Armaments and Ammunition. He sponsored V-2 development and tried to keep operation in Wehrmacht hands.

Spiridinov.

  • Spiridinov, Aleksei Sergeyevich Russian officer. Seventh Chief Directorate of Ministry of Armaments and Director of Nll-88 1953-1959.

Spitsa.

  • Spitsa, Ivan Ivanovich (1919-1992) Russian officer. Commander of TsKIK 1965-1973.

Spohn.

  • Spohn, Eberhard Julius (1906-2005) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Heidelberg, Germany.

Sponable.

  • Sponable, Jess Mitchell (1955-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987.

Spring.

  • Spring, Sherwood Clark 'Woody' (1944-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B.

Springer.

  • Springer, Robert Clyde 'Bob' (1942-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-29, STS-38. US Marine Corps. Flew 550 combat missions in Southeast Asia. Grew up in Ashland, Ohio.

Staats.

  • Staats, Friedrich (1913-2002) German electronics engineer, worked for Steinhoff at Peenemuende, but stayed in Germany after war. Founded and led the leading German rocket society 1952-1990 (designated sequentially DAFRA, DRG, HOG, DGLR).

Stack.

  • Stack, John (1906-1972) American engineer, at NASA 1928-1962. Conducted fundamental research on transonic flight which resulted in X-1 being the first manned aircraft to break the sound barrier in 1947.

Stafford.

  • Stafford, Thomas Patten 'Tom' (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 6, Gemini 9, Apollo 10, Apollo (ASTP). Member of first crew to rendezvous in space. Space speed record (11,107 m/s).

Stahl.

  • Stahl, Karl German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Staib.

  • Staib, David Paul Jr (1955-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988. Left the astronaut corps in July 1988. Later worked at the Pentagon, then at Colorado Springs.

Stainer.

  • Stainer, Fritz (1897-1969) German Engineer. Engineer, German glider pilot and rocket pioneer.

Stalin.

  • Stalin, losif Vissarionovich (1879-1953) Georgian-Russian politician. Leader of the Soviet Union, 1924-1953.

Stamer.

  • Stamer, Friedrich 'Fritz' German pilot of first rocket-boosted glider. Stamer was the first soaring-teacher at the Wasserkuppe, flew the first rocket airplane and constructed a wide range of gliders.

Standley.

  • Standley, Lloyd William (1912-1998) American engineer. Chief of Mechanical Design for the Atlas.

Stankiavicius.

  • Stankiavicius, Rimantas Antanas-Antonovich (1944-1990) Lithuanian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1990. Buran Test Pilot, died in crash of a Su-27 fighter at an air show at Treviso, Italy.

Stanley.

  • Stanley, Wellington J 'Bill' (1916-2002) American engineer. Headed Atlas process engineering and facilities planning.

Stapp.

  • Stapp, John Paul (1910-1999) American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests.

Statsenko.

  • Statsenko, Igor Demyanovich (1918-1987) Russian officer. Major General, Commander of the KIK space tracking forces 1971-1975. After service in WW2, ascending positions in antiaircraft forces. Moved to RVSN in 1961.

Steadman.

  • Steadman, Bernice Trimble (1923-) American pilot, winner of many awards and races, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Stearns.

  • Stearns, Edward V (1922-2001) American physicist, with Rand 1949-1954; assistant Chief Engineer, Lockheed Missile and Space, after 1954.

Stechkin.

  • Stechkin, Boris Sergeyevich (1891-1969) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1955-1969 of OKB Fakel. At the Academy of Sciences performed attitude control engine work.

Stefanyshyn-Piper.

  • Stefanyshyn-Piper, Heidemarie Martha (1963-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1996-2009. Flew on STS-115, STS-126. Engineer.

Stein.

  • Stein, Joseph A (1912-) American journalist and public information manager at NASA 1955-on.

Steinhoff, Ernst.

  • Steinhoff, Ernst August Wilhelm (1908-1987) Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Steinhoff, Friedrich.

  • Steinhoff, Friedrich (1909-1945) German Kriegsmarine Officer, commander of submarine of U-511 and U-873, brother of Dr. Ernst Steinhoff. Promoted the idea of missile launch from submarines within the German navy during World War II.

Steklov.

  • Steklov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1949-) Russian actor cosmonaut, 1997-2000.

Stelzner.

  • Stelzner, Armin German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Stepanov.

  • Stepanov, Gherman Vasilyevich (1934-) Russian officer. Major General, Deputy Commander of 50 TsNII KS military space research institute 1983-1988.

Stepanov, Eduard.

  • Stepanov, Eduard Nikolayevich (1937-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1992.

Stepanov, Yuri.

  • Stepanov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1985-1996.

Stephens.

  • Stephens, Robert American test pilot. Flew the X-1B.

Steurer.

  • Steurer, Wolfgang Hermann (1913-1986) Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Stevenson.

  • Stevenson, Robert Everett (1921-2001) American oceanographer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984.

Stever.

  • Stever, Horton Guyford (1916-) American physicist, led numerous US government committees, advisory positions, and panels on science policy from 1947-1986.

Stewart.

  • Stewart, Robert Lee (1954-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-51-J.

Stewart, Homer.

  • Stewart, Homer J (1915-) American engineer, worked on rocketry and robotic space exploration at Caltech, JPL, and NASA 1938-1967.

Stoerk.

  • Stoerk German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 until retiring in 1971.

Stolpe.

  • Stolpe, Felix (1908-) German telemetry engineer in WW2, worked afterwards in the Soviet Union. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Storms.

  • Storms, Harrison Allen (1915-1992) American Chief Designer who led development of the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn S-II at North American. Earlier he had led the company to dominance in high-speed flight, with the X-15, F-108, and B-70. Scapegoated for the the Apollo fire.

Stott.

  • Stott, Nicole Marie Passonno (1962-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on.

Stoyanov.

  • Stoyanov, Krasimir Mihailov (1961-) Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut, 1987-1988. Graduated from Air Force School Pilot, Bulgarian Air Force.

Strekalov.

  • Strekalov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1940-2004) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Salyut 7 EP-3, Mir EO-7, Mir EO-18. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times.

Strobel.

  • Strobel German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA as head of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Stroganov.

  • Stroganov, Boris Aleksandrovich Russian government official. Sector Chief, Central Committee Defence Industries Department.

Stroud.

  • Stroud, William G (1923-) American meteorologist at NASA, project manager for Tiros I.

Stroyev.

  • Stroyev, Nikolai Sergeyevich (1912-1997) Russian engineer. Director of Gromov LII 1954-1966. Specialised in spacecraft testing and later was on VPK Military-Industrial Commission.

Strughold.

  • Strughold, Hubertus German expert in aero medicine during World War II. As of January 1947, working in Heidelberg (American Zone of Occupation).

Struminskiy.

  • Struminskiy, Vladimir Vasilyevich (1914-) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 1966-1971. Specialised in liquid hydrogen.

Stuhlinger.

  • Stuhlinger, Ernst (1913-2008) German-American engineer. Member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after WW2.

Stumke.

  • Stumke German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the telemetry section of the flight mechanics and control department from 1947-1952.

Stumough.

  • Stumough, Gene Nora (1937-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Sturckow.

  • Sturckow, Frederick Wilford 'Rick' (1961-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-88, STS-105, STS-117, STS-128. Grew up in Lakeside, California. US Marine Corps. Flew 41 combat missions in Operation Desert Storm.

Sturm.

  • Sturm, Theodor Friedrich German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Port Washington, Long Island, New York, USA.

Stuwe.

  • Stuwe, Botho (1919-) German Engineer. Engineer at Peenemuende and book author.

Sudarmono, Pratiwi.

  • Sudarmono, Pratiwi Pujilestari (1952-) Indonesian biologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985. Microbiologist. Later research scientist at the University of Dyakarta. Advisor for Bandung Institute of Technology.

Sulimov.

  • Sulimov, Oleg Aleksandrovich (1928-) Russian engineer. General Director and Chief Designer of the NPO for Measurement Technology from 1966. Received Lenin Prize for work on Buran.

Sullivan.

  • Sullivan, Dr Kathryn Dwyer 'Kathy' (1951-) American geologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-31, STS-45. Geologist, first American woman to walk in space. As of 1999 Ms Sullivan was Director of the Center of Science and Industry in Columbus, Ohio.

Sultanov.

  • Sultanov, Ural Nazibovich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1996.

Summerfield.

  • Summerfield, Martin (1916-1996) American scientist. Early American rocket pioneer; co-founder of Aerojet in 1943; American inventor of regenerative cooling for liquid rocket engines. Left in 1944 for theoretical studies and academia, teaching at Princetone 1949-1994.

Sun Jiadong.

  • Sun Jiadong Chinese engineer. Chief Designer of China's DF-2 and DF-3 IRBM's and first artificial and remote sensing satellites.

Sundberg.

  • Sundberg, Eric Edward (1945-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Later stationed at Pentagon. Retired from USAF in August 1997. Later with NRO.

Surayev.

  • Surayev, Maksim Viktorovich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Russian Air Force

Sutterlin.

  • Sutterlin, Georg German chief engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to have been working at Blohm & Voss.

Suvorov, Boris.

  • Suvorov, Boris Andreyevich (1927-) Russian officer, Secretary of the NKS Tracking Network Party Commission. Served in RVSN political units from 1959. In 1965-1970, political officer for the Yeniseisk IP tracking station. In 1970 entered service with GUKOS space forces.

Swan.

  • Swan, William G American Test Pilot. Pilot of first American rocket-boosted glider.

Swanson.

  • Swanson, Steven Ray 'Swanny' (1960-) American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-117, STS-119.

Swigert.

  • Swigert, John Leonard Jr 'Jack' (1931-1982) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 13. Survived first emergency beyond low earth orbit. Altitude (401,056 km) record. Died of complications from cancer.

Symington.

  • Symington, Stuart (1901-1988) American politician, Senator 1953-1977, strong advocate of aerospace projects.

Syromiatnikov.

  • Syromiatnikov, Vladimir S (1934-) Russian engineer, designer of docking systems. Inventor of the androgynous system used on international missions and the ISS.

Tabakov.

  • Tabakov, Gleb Mikhailovich (1912-1993) Russian government official. Director of NII-229 1958-1963. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1981.

Taccino.

  • Taccino, Roberto Maria (1955-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. Professor. Selected by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection.

Tamayo-Mendez.

  • Tamayo-Mendez, Arnaldo 'Guasso' (1942-) African-Cuban pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-8. First Cuban astronaut. First person of African descent to fly in space. Graduated from Air Force Academy Pilot, Cuban Air Force. Director of the Organization for Civil Defense in Cuba.

Tani.

  • Tani, Daniel Michio (1961-) Japanese-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-108, ISS EO-16-1.

Tani, I.

  • Tani, I (-1943) Japanese Professor. Japanese airplane technical designer.

Tanner.

  • Tanner, Joseph Richard 'Joe' (1950-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115.

Tannhaeuser, Rosemarie.

  • Tannhaeuser, Rosemarie (1919-) German manager. Member of the German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Secretary who worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked as Secretary in Dept. 61/Shop 55.

Tarelkin.

  • Tarelkin, Yevgeni Igorevich (1974-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on.

Taylor.

  • Taylor, James Martin (1930-1970) American test pilot astronaut, 1965-1969.

Taylor, Brian.

  • Taylor, Brian (1940-) British Astrophysicist. Brian Taylor joined ESA (then ESRO) in 1967 as a staff scientist. In 1971, he became head of the high energy astrophysics division and in 1984, he became head of the astrophysics division.

Teichmann.

  • Teichmann, A German expert in aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Berliln.

Teller.

  • Teller, Edward (1908-2003) Jewish Hungarian-American physicist, American Father of the H-Bomb. A dedicated cold warrior. Founded Livermore laboratory, convinced Reagan to proceed with 'Star Wars' using nuclear-bomb-pumped x-ray laser.

Tepper.

  • Tepper, Morris (1916-) American meteorologist, served in key earth observation posts at NASA 1959-1979.

Tereshkova.

  • Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna (1937-) Russian cosmonaut. First woman in space, aboard Vostok 6. But the flight was propaganda and future spaceflight opportunities did not develop. Was married to cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. Later a leading Communist politician.

Tessmann.

  • Tessmann, Bernhard (1912-1998) Austrian-German engineer, leading engine test at Peenemuende from 1936. In 1943 evacuated to Koelpinsee; designed V-2 mobile launcher and planned Zement facility at Ebensee. In US from 1945, worked as von Braun's Deputy Director for Testing.

Thagard.

  • Thagard, Dr Norman Earl 'Norm' (1943-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-B, STS-30, STS-42, Mir EO-18. First American to fly aboard a Russian spacecraft. Grew up in Jacksonville, Florida.

Thalau.

  • Thalau German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Kassel.

Thiel, Adolf.

  • Thiel, Adolf Karl (1915-2001) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Palos Verdes Estates, California.

Thiel, Walter.

  • Thiel, Walter (-1943) German engineer, talented designer at Peenemuende, in charge of development of the engine for the V-2. Killed in the air raid in August 1943, a setback to the project.

Thiele.

  • Thiele, Gerhard Julius Paul (1953-) German physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-99. DARA.

Thirsk.

  • Thirsk, Dr Robert Brent (1953-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78,ISS EO-20.

Thomas.

  • Thomas, Dr Donald Alan 'Don' (1955-) American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-70, STS-83, STS-94.

Thomas, Andrew.

  • Thomas, Dr Andrew Sydney Withiel (1951-) Australian-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-77, Mir NASA-6, STS-102, STS-114.

Thompson.

  • Thompson, Milton Orville 'Milt' (1926-1993) American test pilot astronaut, 1962-1963. Flew lifting bodies, X-15, assigned as X-20 spaceplane astronaut.

Thompson, David.

  • Thompson, William David (1956-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1985. Retired from the USAF in 1987. Later President Spectrum Technology, Los Angeles.

Thompson, Floyd.

  • Thompson, Floyd L (1898-1976) American engineer, at NASA 1927-1968, chief of flight research and then headed Langley.

Thompson, J R.

  • Thompson, James R 'JR' American engineer, at NASA 1963-1991, deputy administrator 1989-1991; headed development test of the J-2 and SSME engines at NASA.

Thorne.

  • Thorne, Steven Douglas (1953-1986) German test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. Died in an airplane crash.

Thornton.

  • Thornton, Dr Kathryn Ryan Cordell 'Kathy' (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33, STS-49, STS-61, STS-73.

Thornton, Bill.

  • Thornton, Dr William Edgar 'Bill' (1929-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-8, STS-51-B.

Thuot.

  • Thuot, Pierre Joseph (1945-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-36, STS-49, STS-62.

Tikhonov.

  • Tikhonov, Nikolai Vladimirovich Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2006-on. Graduated MAI, 2005.

Tikhonravov.

  • Tikhonravov, Mikhail Klavdiyevich (1900-1974) Pioneering Soviet engineer and space visionary. Designer at Nll-4 and Korolev design bureau. Leader in development of Sputnik and Vostok spacecraft. Also performed early ICBM work and was pioneering rocketeer at GIRD and Nll-3.

Tilford.

  • Tilford, Shelby G American NASA geophysicist, from the late 1980's Director of Earth Sciences in the Office of Space Science. In 1992 he was appointed acting Associate Administrator for Mission to Planet Earth and served until 1994.

Tiling.

  • Tiling, Reinhold (1893-1933) German rocket pioneer, developed wing-recovered powder rockets. Inspired by Oberth lecture in 1924. By 1931 demonstrated stable flight to 7 km, first rocket launch from airplane 1932. Killed 1933 in an explosion.

Tiller.

  • Tiller, Werner (1914-1974) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Timmons.

  • Timmons, Kenneth P (1919-1994) American engineer. Headed the Skylab Multiple Docking Adapter and External Tank projects.

Tingle.

  • Tingle, Scott David (1965-) American test pilot astronaut, 2009-on.

Tito.

  • Tito, Dennis Anthony (1940-) American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-1. First space tourist. First American to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft.

Titov.

  • Titov, Gherman Stepanovich (1935-2000) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 2. Second person in orbit. Youngest person in space. Left cosmonaut team for brilliant career in the space forces after deciding his future spaceflight prospects were nil.

Titov, Vladimir.

  • Titov, Vladimir Georgiyevich (1947-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Mir EO-3, STS-63, STS-86. Survived first pad abort during a manned launch. 387 cumulative days in space. SU Air Force. Call sign: Okean (Ocean).

Titschak.

  • Titschak German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Eberstadt, Hitlerstr. 164.

Tittle.

  • Tittle, Theresa Mary Stevens (1960-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988. Graduated in operations research from the USAF Academy, 1982. US Air Force operations specialist, stationed in the Pentagon. Later a Shuttle Flight Controller at the JSC.

Tkachev.

  • Tkachev, Fedor Dmitriyevich Russian engineer. Chief Designer of NIEI PDS. Specialised in parachutes. Fired 1968 after Soyuz 1 parachute failure and death of Cosmonaut Komarov.

Todt.

  • Todt, Fritz (1891-1942) German Manager. National Socialist politician, Major general, Defence Minister and Director/Manager of organization Todt.

Toebe.

  • Toebe, Konrad (1913-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union thereafter. Engineer, German airplane and rocket technician; worked in the Soviet Union.

Toftoy.

  • Toftoy, Holger N (1902-1967) American Army officer, expert in ordnance, responsible for transferring von Braun's rocket technology to the US in 1945. Commanded Huntsville 1954-1956. Held other rockt development posts until retirement in 1960.

Tognini.

  • Tognini, Michel Ange-Charles (1949-) French test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on Mir Antares, STS-93. Trained for missions under both US and Russian programs.

Tokarev.

  • Tokarev, Valeri Ivanovich (1952-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-96, ISS EO-12. Russian Air Force test pilot, flying 44 types of aircraft and helicopters. Selected as Buran test pilot in 1987. From 1994, commander cosmonaut group for aerospace systems.

Tolboyev.

  • Tolboyev, Maghomed Omarovich (1951-) Avar (Dagestani)-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1994.

Tolmachev.

  • Tolmachev, Viktor Grigoryevich Russian engineer. General Director, Votkinsk Factory from 1989. Manufacturers of solid propellant ballistic missiles.

Tolubko.

  • Tolubko, Vladimir Fedorovich (1914-1989) Russian officer. First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces 1960-1968. Commander-in-Chief 1972-1985.

Tommein.

  • Tommein, W German expert in aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Goettingen (Russian Zone of Occupation).

Tonkikh.

  • Tonkikh, Fedor Petrovich (1912-1987) Russian officer. 1969-1985, Chief, Dzerzhinskiy Military Academy. Colonel-General, doctor of military science, professor. After WW2 action, service in artillery forces. From 1960 deputy chief commander of the rocket forces for readiness.

Townsend.

  • Townsend, Ronald Dean (1948-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Traub.

  • Traub German expert in biological warfare during World War II.

Tregub.

  • Tregub, Yakov Isayevich Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1964-1973 of Korolev design bureau for flight controls for piloted flights.

Treshchev.

  • Treshchev, Sergey Yevgenyevich (1958-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-5. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO

Tresvyatski.

  • Tresvyatski, Sergei Nikolayevich (1954-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996.

Trifanov.

  • Trifanov, Yuri Nikolayevich Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer of Chelomei design bureau Filial 1. Later management positions at NPO Energia and NPO Lavochkin.

Trinh.

  • Trinh, Dr Eugene Huu-Chau 'Gene' (1950-) Vietnamese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50.

Tritko.

  • Tritko, Karl Ivanovich Russian engineer. Chief of SKB of NII-88 1946-1949. Led work on early missiles.

Truax.

  • Truax, Robert C American USN rocket pioneer, developed missiles USN 1940-1959. Loaned to USAF to run Thor program 1955-1958. At Aerojet 1958-1967. Proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts.

Trubachev.

  • Trubachev, Pavel Yefimovich (1911-1981) Russian officer. Major General, Chief of Directorate of GURVO 1963-1970. In 1945-1946 part of team recovering rocket technology in Germany. After that worked in NII-88.

Truhill.

  • Truhill, Geraldine 'Jerri' (1927-) American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training.

Truly.

  • Truly, Richard Harrison 'Dick' (1937-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-2, STS-8.

Tryggvason.

  • Tryggvason, Bjarni Valdimar (1945-) Icelandic-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-85. CSA; Alternate Payload Specialist to MacLean for STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 and Test of the Canadian Space Vision System.

Tsander.

  • Tsander, Friedrich Arturovich (1887-1933) Soviet chief theoretician. Rocket pioneer Russian-Soviet rocket pioneer.

Tschechner, Robert.

  • Tschechner, Robert (1899-) German specialist engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacture; Laboratory Department.

Tschinkel.

  • Tschinkel, Johann G (1907-2004) German-Austrian rocket technician, arrived in the United States under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. Fluent in English prior to arrival in the United States. Died in Tallahassee, Florida.

Tsibliyev.

  • Tsibliyev, Vasili Vasilyevich (1954-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-14, Mir EO-23. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Sirius (Sirius).

Tsien.

  • Tsien Hsue-shen (1911-) Father of Chinese spaceflight. Leading rocket theoretician, expelled from USA as Red in 1955. Created China's space industry from scratch, results: China's first ballistic missiles, 1960s; first satellite, 1970; and first astronaut, 2003.

Tsiolkovskiy.

  • Tsiolkovskiy, Konstantin E (1857-1935) Chief Soviet theorist of spaceflight, developed mathematics of rocketry and space travel, identifying basic rocket and spacecraft designs. But work little known outside the Soviet Union, did not influence Goddard and Oberth.

Tsirulnikov.

  • Tsirulnikov, Mikhail Yurevich (1907-1990) Russian engineer. First manager of the Perm Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau (later NPO Iskra). Designer of artillery systems, solid propellant missiles, and engine units.

Tsybin.

  • Tsybin, Paver Vladimirovich (1905-1992) Russian Chief Designer OKB-256 1945-1959. Designs: LL rocketplanes, RS Mach 3 ramjet aircraft, PKA spaceplane. Bureau closed, worked for Korolev on Vostok, Soyuz, AMS and Molniya satellites. Deputy Designer of Buran space shuttle, 1974-1992.

Tu Shoue.

  • Tu Shoue Chinese Engineer. Chief Designer of the CZ-2E heavy-lift launch vehicle.

Tuan.

  • Pham Tuan (1947-) Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-7. First Vietnamese astronaut. Engineer, Air force pilot. Participated in the Vietnam War. Major General of Vietnam Air Force.

Tuchkov.

  • Tuchkov, Leonid Timofeyevich (1920-) Russian officer. Major General, Deputy Chief of the Mozhaiskiy Military Engineering Institute 1971-1986.

Tucker.

  • Tucker, Charles American test pilot. Flew the X-5 # 1.

Tumanskiy.

  • Tumanskiy, Sergei Konstantinovich (1901-1973) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1955-1973 of OKB-300. Specialised in aircraft turbine engines but also produced spacecraft attitude control engines.

Tumanyan.

  • Tumanyan, Gay Lazarevich (1901-1972) Russian officer. Major General, Commander of the political units of the KIK space tracking units 1961-1968.

Tupolev.

  • Tupolev, Andrei Nikolayevich (1888-1972) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1943-1972 of OKB-156.

Turovets.

  • Turovets, Vladimir Yevgeniyevich (1949-1982) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1980. Test pilot, Gromov Flight Research Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program in 1977 by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in the crash of an Mi-8 helicopter.

Tveretskiy.

  • Tveretskiy, Aleksandr Fedorovich (1904-1992) Russian officer. First Commander of Special Purpose Brigade (precursor to the Strategic Missile Forces), 1946-49.

Twining.

  • Twining, Nathan F (1897-1982) American USAF officer, chief of staff from 1953 and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1957-1960. During this period key decisions were made regarding ICBM, manned spacecraft, and military satellite development.

Tyulin.

  • Tyulin, Georgi Aleksandrovich (1914-1990) Russian officer. First Deputy Chairman of GKOT 1961-1965. First Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1976. Chaired many State Commissions.

Tyurin.

  • Tyurin, Michael Vladislavovich (1960-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-3, ISS EO-14. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO.

Tyurin, Petr.

  • Tyurin, Petr Aleksandrovich (1917-2000) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1953-1981 of KB Arsenal. Specialised in L3 components and later performed EORSAT work.

Udarov.

  • Udarov, Grigori Rafailovich (1904-1991) Russian government official. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1979. Responsible for ground complexes.

Ulmer.

  • Ulmer, Ralph E (1917-1985) American engineer, at NASA 1938-1973, budget officer and program analyst.

Umpfenbach, Joachim.

  • Umpfenbach, Joachim (1902-) German propulsion expert. Member of German Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Urbani.

  • Urbani, Luca (1957-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1995-1996. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-78 Mission LMS-1. Italian Air Force.

Urbanski.

  • Urbanski, Arthur P (1900-1977) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. As of 1960, Head of Mechanical Systems Analsysis Branch, Quality Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Huntsville.

Usachyov.

  • Usachyov, Yuri Vladimirovich (1957-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-15, Mir EO-21, STS-101, ISS EO-2. 552 cumulative days in space.

Ustinov.

  • Ustinov, Dmitri Fedorovich (1908-1984) Russian politician. Primary manager of the Soviet missile and space programs 1946-1976. In charge of development of Soviet rocketry 1946-1957. Chairman of the VPK 1957-1963. Secretary of Central Committee for Defence and Space 1965-1976.

Ustinov, N G.

  • Ustinov, Nikolai Grigoyevich (1921-) Russian officer. Colonel, worked at NII-4 from 1950 to 1976. After 1976 Senior Scientific Specialist for oceanography at the Academy of Sciences. Managed development of space tracking vessels Komarov, Gagarin, and Korolev.

Utkin.

  • Utkin, Vladimir Fedorovich (1923-2000) Russian chief designer. Deputy Chief Designer 1961-1971 of Yangel design bureau. Succeeded Yangel as Chief Designer in 1971. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, left the Ukraine in 1990 to become head of TsAGI in Moscow.

Utkin, Ivan.

  • Utkin, Ivan Ivanovich (1910-1985) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1960-1970 of NII IT. Specialised in spacecraft memory data recorders.

Utsch.

  • Utsch, Albert (1902-1970) German-American design engineer for McDonnell on the Mercury and Gemini spacecraft.

Valier.

  • Valier, Max (1895-1930) German Austrian engineer and early advocate of the use of rockets for flight. Opel supported Valier's rocket car tests as publicity. Valier died in a careless accident, in his laboratory in Berlin, when working on a rocket combustion chamber. It exploded and a small metal fragment hit his pulmonary artery.

Valkov.

  • Valkov, Konstantin Anatolyevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Graduated from Barnaul Higher Military Air School of Pilots, 1994 Russian Air Force. Cosmonaut training completed November 19, 1999.

Van Allen.

  • Van Allen, James A (1914-2006) American astrophysicist; his experiment carried aboard the first American satellite established the existence of radiation belts that encircled the Earth; also very active in sounding rocket experiments.

van den Berg.

  • van den Berg, Dr Lodewijk (1932-) Dutch-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B.

van Hoften.

  • van Hoften, Dr James Dougal Adrianus 'Ox' (1944-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C, STS-51-I. Grew up in Burlingame, California.

Van Horn.

  • Van Horn, William L (1931-1997) American manager. Program Director for the Atlas Weapon System. Manager of Long Range Planning in the Atlas production program. Later Vice President and Program Director for the Atlas Weapon System.

Vance.

  • Vance, Cyrus R (1917-) American politician, long career as a senior government official in various Democratic administrations.

Vande Hei.

  • Vande Hei, Mark Thomas (1966-) American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Vandenberg, Hoyt.

  • Vandenberg, Hoyt S (1899-1954) Immensely influential American officer, Air Force Chief of Staff in the late 1940's and 1950's during the formative period of rocketry development and the work on intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Vandersee.

  • Vandersee, Fritz (1918-1975) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Vangen.

  • Vangen, Scott Duane (1959-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1993-1995.

Varlamov.

  • Varlamov, Valentin Stepanovich (1934-1980) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Left team after fracturing a vertebra in a diving accident in July 1960. Worked in the Soviet space program as a flight instructor for new cosmonauts within the TsPK.

Vasilyev.

  • Vasilyev, Anatoli Alekeseyevich (1921-1973) Russian officer. Commander of GURVO 1964-1967. Chaired the Scientific-Technical Committee of the Strategic Missile Forces 1967-1969.

Vasyutin.

  • Vasyutin, Vladimir Vladimirovich (1952-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2.

Veach.

  • Veach, Charles Lacy (1944-1995) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-52. Grew up in Honolulu, Hawaii. Died of cancer.

Verne.

  • Verne, Jules (1828-1905) French writer, one of the founders of the literary genre of science fiction. He described in his novels the possibility of space flight, technically accurate to the extent possible.

Vernov.

  • Vernov, Sergei Nikolayevich (1910-1982) Russian scientist. Director of NII-Yash of Moscow State University 1960-1982. Specialised in science experiments.

Vershinin.

  • Vershinin, Konstantin Andreyevich (1900-1973) Russian officer. Commander of Air Force 1957-1969.

Vetoshkin.

  • Vetoshkin, Sergei Ivanovich (1905-1991) Russian politician. First Deputy Chairman of Military-industrial Commission 1958-1965. Directorate Chief in Ministry of Armaments.

Victory.

  • Victory, John F (1893-1975) American manager, at NACA 1915-1960, credited with maintaining good working relatioship with Congress.

Vidrine.

  • Vidrine, David Matthew (1943-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985.

Viebach.

  • Viebach, Fritz (1907-1961) German rocket technician in WW2, worked in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Viehboeck.

  • Viehboeck, Franz Artur (1960-) Austrian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Austrian astronaut.

Viktorenko.

  • Viktorenko, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-11, Mir EO-17. 489 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Vityaz (Knight).

Vilter.

  • Vilter, Hans-Albert German rocket technician in WW2, worked in the Soviet Union thereafter. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Vinogradov.

  • Vinogradov, Pavel Vladimirovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-24, ISS EO-13. 380 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Energiya NPO.

Vinogradov, Aleksandr.

  • Vinogradov, Aleksandr Pavlovich (1895-1975) Russian scientist. Director of Institute of Chemical and Analytical Chemistry. Specialised in lunar sample analysis.

Vinzant.

  • Vinzant, Allen (1931-) American Chief engineer for interfacing the Centaur upper stage with the Titan 4 launch vehicle.

Virts.

  • Virts, Terry Wayne Jr (1967-) American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on.

Viso.

  • Viso, Michel Yves (1951-) French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities.

Viste.

  • Viste, Norman Duane (1939-) American Chief Engineer for Atlas III and V

Vitka.

  • Vitka, Vladimir Andreyevich (1901-1989) Russian engineer. First Deputy Chief Designer 1954-1961 of Glushko design bureau. Specialised in rocket engines.

Vitruk.

  • Vitruk, Andrei Avksentyevich (1906-1987) Russian officer. Major General, Chief of KIK Space Tracking Network 1956-1959. Served in WW2. Assigned to 4-NII MO military space research institute in 1955. Invalided from the service in August 1962.

Vittori.

  • Vittori, Roberto (1964-) Italian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-3, ISS EP-8, STS-134. Italian Air Force.

Vladimirskiy.

  • Vladimirskiy, Sergei Mikhailovich Russian government official. Deputy Minister of Radio-Technical Industries 1954-1979. Began career at KB-1.

Vogt.

  • Vogt, Richard (1894-1979) German Chief Designer. Chief aircraft designer with Blohm and Voss during World War II. As of January 1947, living in Hamburg.

Voigt.

  • Voigt German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA from 1947 in the ground support equipment group. Returned to Germany thereafter.

Volk.

  • Volk, Igor Petrovich (1937-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-4.

Volkov.

  • Volkov, Vladislav Nikolayevich (1935-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 11. Member of first space station crew, however perished during landing. From 1958 a civilian engineer, Korolev OKB, involved in the development of the Vostok and Voskhod spacecraft.

Volkov, Aleksandr.

  • Volkov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1948-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2, Mir EO-4, Mir EO-10. Father of cosmonaut Sergei Volkov. 391 cumulative days in space.

Volkov, Sergey.

  • Volkov, Sergey Aleksandrovich (1973-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17, ISS EO-28. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Volkov.

Voloshin.

  • Voloshin, Valeri Abramovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1969.

Volynkin.

  • Volynkin, Yuvenaliy Mikhailovich (1907-) Russian officer. Director of Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine 1960-1969.

Volynov.

  • Volynov, Boris Valentinovich (1934-) Jewish-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 5, Soyuz 21.

von Braun.

  • von Braun, Wernher (1912-1977) German-American chief designer, leader of the 'Rocket Team'; developed the V-2, Redstone, Jupiter, and the Saturn rockets that took US to the moon. He made the idea of space travel popular in the 1950's and a reality in the 1960's.

von Braun, Magnus.

  • von Braun, Freiherr Magnus (1919-2003) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

von Doepp.

  • Von Doepp, Phillip (1885-1967) Russian-German expert in guided missile aero design during WW2. Fluent in Russian. Member of the German rocket team, arrived in America under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16. Worked at Wright Field and in California aerospace.

von Karman.

  • von Karman, Theodore (1881-1963) Jewish Hungarian-American aerodynamicist, immensely influential, director of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech from 1930, where he trained a generation of engineers in theoretical aerodynamics and fluid dynamics.

Von Radinger.

  • Von Radinger German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Cuxhaven.

Vorobyov.

  • Vorobyov, Lev Vasilyevich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1974.

Voronin.

  • Voronin, Grigoriy Ivanovich (1906-1987) Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1939-1985 of OKB-124. Specialised in life support systems for spacecraft.

Voronov.

  • Voronov, Anatoli Fyodorovich (1930-1993) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1963-1979.

Voronov, Nikolai.

  • Voronov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1899-1968) Russian officer. Commander of Artillery forces 1941-1950. Later became President of Academy of Artillery Sciences.

Voskresenskiy.

  • Voskresenskiy, Leonid Aleksandrovich (1913-1965) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1953-1964 of Korolev design bureau.

Voskresensky.

  • Voskresensky Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut in early May 1964, but the selection was never confirmed by the government commission.

Voss.

  • Voss, James Shelton 'Jim' (1949-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, ISS EO-2. US Army

Voss, Janice.

  • Voss, Dr Janice Elaine (1956-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99. Engineer.

Voss, Werner.

  • Voss, Werner (1913-1993) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Votintsev.

  • Votintsev, Yuri Vsevolodovich (1919-) Russian officer. First Commander of PRO/PKO forces 1967-1985. Commanded ABM and ASAT forces.

Vowe.

  • Vowe, Theo (1904-1989) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Voznyuk.

  • Voznyuk, Vasili Ivanovich (1907-1976) Russian officer. Commander of Kapustin Yar from 1946 to 1973.

Vozovikov.

  • Vozovikov, Sergei Yuriyevich (1958-1993) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979. Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992. Drowned during recovery training in the Black Sea.

Wachtel.

  • Wachtel, Max German colonel and commander-in-chief for service introduction of the V-1 (Fi-103).

Wade.

  • Wade, David (1910-) American USAF Officer. David Wade was a career Air Force officer who advanced to the rank of lieutenant general in 1964. He was commander of the 1st Missile Division from 1958 to 1961 and later commanded the 16th, 2d, and 8th Air Forces.

Wagner, Herbert.

  • Wagner, Herbert (1900-1982) German aircraft designer.

Wahmke.

  • Wahmke (-1934) German propulsion expert. Rocket pioneer and engine developer.

Wakata.

  • Wakata, Koichi (1963-) Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-92, STS-119.

Wakelin.

  • Wakelin, James H (1911-1990) American manager, assistant secretary of the Navy (research and development) 1959-1964.

Walchner.

  • Walchner, Otto German expert in supersonics aerodynamics during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Wright Field, Ohio.

Walheim.

  • Walheim, Rex Joseph (1962-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-110, STS-122, STS-135.

Walker.

  • Walker, Charles David (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-51-D, STS-61-B.

Walker, Charles.

  • Walker, Charles (1925-) American engineer. Part of Atlas management team.

Walker, Dave.

  • Walker, David Mathieson 'Dave' (1944-2001) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-A, STS-30, STS-53, STS-69. Navy nickname Red Flash, a cocky pilot, over-confident in some astronaut's eyes.

Walker, Joseph.

  • Walker, Joseph Albert (1921-1966) American NACA/NASA test pilot 1945-1966. Flew D-558, X-1, X-3, X-4, and X-5, and into space on X-15 Flights 77, 90, and 91. Killed in 1968 when the F-104 he was flying collided with the XB-70 during a photo opportunity.

Walker, Shannon.

  • Walker, Shannon (1965-) American astrophysicist mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on.

Wallace.

  • Wallace, Fred (1922-) American engineer. Atlas Chief of Test Operations at Sycamore Canyon.

Walpot.

  • Walpot, Heike (1960-) German physician payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993.

Walter.

  • Walter, Dr Ulrich Hans (1954-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55.

Walther.

  • Walther German rocket technician; later worked in France as part of the structures group at LRBA from 1946 to 1960. Returned to live in Bremerhaven.

Walz.

  • Walz, Carl Erwin (1955-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51, STS-65, STS-79, ISS EO-4.

Wang.

  • Wang, Dr Taylor Gun-Jin (1940-) Chinese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B.

Wang Daheng.

  • Wang Daheng Chinese Engineer. Chief Designer of camera systems for Chinese reconnaissance satellites.

Wang Fuhe.

  • Wang Fuhe Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Wang was a PLAAF pilot when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Wang Fuquan.

  • Wang Fuquan (1939-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1958. He was a PLAAF deputy regiment commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Wang Quanbo.

  • Wang Quanbo Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1958. He was a PLAAF squadron commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Wang Rongsen.

  • Wang Rongsen (1934-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Wang was a PLAAF deputy division commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Wang Xiji.

  • Wang Xiji Chinese space technology pioneer. Chief Designer of China's sounding rockets, first space launch vehicle, and first recoverable satellites.

Wang Yongzhi.

  • Wang Yongzhi (1931-) Chinese Chief Designer for Project 921, supervised development of the Shenzhou spacecraft, CZ-2F booster, new launch facilities at Jiuquan, new testing, training, and control facilities, and a worldwide tracking and recovery network.

Wang Zhiyue.

  • Wang Zhiyue (1941-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later.

Warsitz.

  • Warsitz, Erich (1906-1983) German Luftwaffe test pilot.

Wasielewski.

  • Wasielewski, Eugene W (1913-1972) American engineer, at NASA 1947-1960, developing major engine-testing laboratories and supersonic wind tunnels.

Waterman.

  • Waterman, Alan T (1892-1967) American physicist. First director of the National Science Foundation, 1951-1963. Disputed authority for space science with NASA.

Watterson.

  • Watterson, John Brett (1949-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1986.

Weaver.

  • Weaver, Carol Lynn Belt (1953-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1989.

Webb.

  • Webb, James E (1906-1992) American manager, NASA Adminstrator 1961-1968. A savvy political operator and manager, he was singularly responsible for NASA being able to achieve the goal of landing a man on the moon by 1970.

Weber.

  • Weber, Dr Mary Ellen (1962-) American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-70, STS-101. Chemist.

Weber, Andrae.

  • Weber, Andrae H German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working "c/o Klinger", British Zone.

Weber, Wolfgang.

  • Weber, Wolfgang German Officer. Lieutenant colonel and commander of a V-2 Artillery Unit.

Wegenroth.

  • Wegenroth German expert in solid fuel, ram jets during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Prien.

Wehner.

  • Wehner, R S (1915-) American Engineer. R.S. Wehner was research scientist with the Radio Corporation of America, 1943-1945; Airborne Instrument Laboratory, 1945-1948; the Rand Corp., 1948-1951; and the Hughes Aircraft Co., 1951-1959.

Weidner.

  • Weidner, Hermann Joachim (1912-) German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. As of 1960, Deputy Director, Structures and Mechanics Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Living in Solms, Germany in 2004.

Weinberger.

  • Weinberger, Caspar W (1917-) American manager, led OMB 1970-1976, shaped shuttle design by limiting its budget. As Secretary of Defence for Reagan 1981-1987, doled out large military increases, including new ICBMs, Star Wars, military satellites.

Weiss.

  • Weiss, Helmut German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2.

Weissenborn.

  • Weissenborn German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA on gyroscopes and antennae in the automated control loop department 1947-1952.

Weitz.

  • Weitz, Paul Joseph (1932-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on Skylab 2, STS-6. Member of first successful space station mission.

Wells.

  • Wells, H G (1866-1946) British writer, noted futurist, and one of the founders of the literary genre of science fiction. His novels described a future filled with technology, some of it terrifying, and contact with extraterrestrial beings, much of it disastrous

Westphas.

  • Westphas German expert in autopilots steering of guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Askania-Werke's test site.

Wetherbee.

  • Wetherbee, James Donald 'Wexbee' (1952-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-32, STS-52, STS-63, STS-86, STS-102, STS-113. Flew in space six times.

Wexler.

  • Wexler, Harry (1911-1962) American meteorologist, at US Weather Bureau 1934-1961. One of the first scientists to envision using satellites for meteorological purposes and known as the father of the Tiros satellite.

Wheelock.

  • Wheelock, Douglas Harry (1960-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-120, ISS EO-24. US Army.

Whipple.

  • Whipple, Fred L (1906-2004) American astronomer, popular writer on planetary exploration in the 1950's, who helped to fire the public's imagination and enthusiasm for space exploration.

Whitcomb.

  • Whitcomb, Gordon P (1940-) British enginee, working at ESA from 1974 on spacecraft system design. Later headed ESA's Future Science Projects Office.

White.

  • White, Edward Higgins II 'Ed' (1930-1967) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 4. First American to walk in space. Died in on-pad fire of Apollo 1.

White, Alvin.

  • White, Alvin Swauger (1918-2006) American test pilot, 1954-1967. Chief test pilot for the XB-70.

White, Robert.

  • White, Robert Michael (1924-2010) American test pilot. First person to reach space in a rocketplane on X-15 Flight 62.

White, Robert M.

  • White, Robert M (1923-) American manager, headed US Weather Bureau and ESSA in the 1960s; Administrator of NOAA in the 1970s; head of the National Academy of Engineering in the late 1980s.

Whitehead.

  • Whitehead, Clay T American politician, a White House staff assistant during the Nixon Administration between 1969 and 1972 who was heavily involved in space policy associated with the decision to build the Space Shuttle and post-Apollo planning for NASA.

Whitson.

  • Whitson, Peggy Annette (1960-) American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-5, ISS EO-16. Biochemist, first female space station commander, American and female record for cumulative days in space, female record for number of spacewalks. 376 cumulative days in space.

Wiedemann, Hans.

  • Wiedemann, Hans Johann German expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, returned to Germany after working at Port Washington, New York..

Wiegand.

  • Wiegand, Heinrich German expert in rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Grefelfing b/Munich.

Wier.

  • Wier, Benjamin (1927-) American engineer. Atlas-E flight test conductor and later Deputy Program Manager.

Wiesemann.

  • Wiesemann, Walter Fritz (1920-2000) German-American engineer. Reassigned from Luftwaffe to Peenemuende in 1941. Worked on anti-aircraft rockets, went to America with von Braun's team in 1945, working on Huntsville projects until retirement in 1970.

Wiesner.

  • Wiesner, Jerome B (1915-1994) American scientist. Physicist, gadfly, science advisor to Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy; opposed human spaceflight, the Apollo program, and the lunar orbit rendezvous method of lunar landing.

Wigbels.

  • Wigbels, Lyn (1951-) American NASA manager for international affairs, 1979-on.

Wilcutt.

  • Wilcutt, Terrence Wade 'Terry' (1949-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-68, STS-79, STS-89, STS-106. US Marine Corps

Williams.

  • Williams, Sunita Lyn 'Suni' (1965-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-14-1. US Navy test pilot. Grew up in Needham, Massachusetts.

Williams, Bill.

  • Williams, Bill Alvin (1942-) American physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1985.

Williams, Clifton.

  • Williams, Clifton Curtis 'CC' (1932-1967) American test pilot astronaut, 1963-1967. US Marine Corps aviator. Died in crash of his T-38 trainer aircraft.

Williams, Dave.

  • Williams, Dr Dafydd Rhys 'Dave' (1954-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-118.

Williams, Donald.

  • Williams, Donald Edward (1942-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D, STS-34.

Williams, Donald D.

  • Williams, Donald D (1931-1966) American engineer, instrumental in the development of the Early Bird and Syncom communications satellites. Commited suicide in 1966.

Williams, Jeffrey.

  • Williams, Jeffrey Nels (1958-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-101, ISS EO-13, ISS EO-21.

Williams, Walter.

  • Williams, Walter C (1919-1995) American engineer, at NASA 1940-1964, founded NASA flight test facility at Edwards AFB, directed operations for Mercury. 1964-1975, VP at Aerospace Corporation. 1975-1982 chief engineer of NASA.

Willner.

  • Willner, William American NASA Manager, in charge of construction in the procurement and supply division of NASA Headquarters' office of business administration. By August 1960, he had moved to the office of research grants and contracts.

Wilmore.

  • Wilmore, Barry Eugene 'Butch' (1962-) American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on.

Wilson.

  • Wilson, Stephanie Diana (1966-) African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121, STS-120, STS-131. Engineer.

Wilson, Charles.

  • Wilson, Charles E 'Electric Charlie' (1886-1972) American industrialist, headed General Electric and worked with Truman's Office of Defense Mobilization in the 1950s.

Wilson, Charles Erwin.

  • Wilson, Charles Erwin 'Engine Charlie' (1890-1961) American Manager, Eisenhower's Secretary of Defense 1953-1957, an ardent opponent of spaceflight. He had previously run GM, where he coined the phrase "What's good for General Motors is good for the country".

Wilson, Chuck.

  • Wilson, Charles 'Chuck' (1925-) American engineer. Atlas Space Booster Program Manager

Winkler.

  • Winkler, Johannes (1897-1947) German engineer. Rocket enthusiast, launched first liquid rocket in Europe on 1931.02.21.

Winskowski, Henrik.

  • Winskowski, Henrik (1906-) German design engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61.

Wintergerst, Alfred.

  • Wintergerst, Alfred German expert in rocket and aircraft equipment during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Munich, Romanstr. 3.

Wintergerst, Erich.

  • Wintergerst, Erich German expert in aircraft and rocket during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Berlin, Gneisenaustr. 27.

Wirth.

  • Wirth, Wolfgang German expert in biological warfare during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at Freising.

Wiseman.

  • Wiseman, Gregory Reid (1975-) American test pilot astronaut, 2009-on.

Wisoff.

  • Wisoff, Peter Jeffrey Kelsay 'Jeff' (1958-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-68, STS-81, STS-92. Was married to astronaut Tammy Jernigan.

Withee.

  • Withee, Wallace W (1913-) American engineer. Member of the Atlas management team; headed test operations.

Wittmann.

  • Wittmann, Albin (1907-1988) German-American engineer. Member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group. As of 1960, Head of Electrical Systems Analsyis Branch, Quality Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Huntsville, Alabama.

Woerdemann.

  • Woerdemann, Hugo H (1915-1999) German-American radio systems engineer, first worked with early rocketeers in 1934. Member of the Rocket Team at Peenemuende and the United States until 1950; thereafter working in radio technology for North American Aviation and his own firm, Magnetic Research Corporation. Died a grapefruit rancher in Temecula, California.

Wohlfahrt, Kurt.

  • Wohlfahrt, Kurt (1917-) German engineer, worked at Peenemuende in WW2; worked in the Soviet Union afterwards. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Wolf.

  • Wolf, Dr David Alexander 'Bluto' (1956-) Jewish-American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-58, Mir NASA-5, STS-112, STS-127.

Wolff, Waldemar.

  • Wolff, Waldemar (1894-) German ballistics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Wood.

  • Wood, James Wayne (1924-1990) American pilot astronaut, 1962-1963.

Wood, Nigel.

  • Wood, Nigel Richard (1949-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986.

Wood, Robert.

  • Wood, Robert Jackson (1957-2009) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986.

Woodward.

  • Woodward, Neil Whitney III (1962-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2008.

Woolams.

  • Woolams, Jack (1917-1946) American Bell test pilot, flew XP-59A and XS-1. Killed in an air crash during a practice flight for a race that was to occur the next day.

Wooldridge.

  • Wooldridge, Dean E (1913-2006) American engineer, co-founder of TRW in 1953, director of TRW STL 1962-on.

Worden.

  • Worden, Alfred Merrill (1932-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 15.

Woytech.

  • Woytech German rocket engineer in WW2; later worked in France at LRBA in the optical tracking group of the target tracking department 1947-1952.

Wozniak.

  • Wozniak, Frank (1916-) American engineer. Member of Atlas engineering team.

Wright.

  • Wright, Keith Charles (1947-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985. Director, Satellite Control Facility in Sunnyvale. Later with Sparta Corporation, El Segundo, California.

Wright, John.

  • Wright, John David (1905-) American manager, went to work for Thompson Products in 1933 and rose through the ranks until he became Chairman of the Board of Thompson-Ramo-Wooldridge (TRW) in 1958.

Wu ChengKang.

  • Wu ChengKang Chinese Engineer. Specialist in design of heat shields for nuclear warheads and recoverable spacecraft.

Wu Jie.

  • Wu Jie (1963-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1996-on.

Wueterich.

  • Wueterich German rocket engineer in WW2. Later worked in France at LRBA in the drafting group of the target acquisition department from 1947-1952.

Wurster, Carl.

  • Wurster, Carl (1907-1985) German expert in rockets during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Regensburg.

Wurster, Hermann.

  • Wurster, Hermann German Engineer. Chief pilot at Messerschmitt, technical designer of the surface-to-air missile Enzian.

Wyatt.

  • Wyatt, DeMarquis D (1919-1996) American engineer, at NASA 1944-1973, specialized in supersonic research in propulsion system installations, from 1958 management positions at headquarters.

Xie Guangxuan.

  • Xie Guangxuan Chinese Engineer. Chief designer of Chinese tactical and medium range ballistic missiles, and CZ-3 launch vehicle.

Xue Lun.

  • Xue Lun Chinese pilot. Head of the first Chinese astronaut group, Unit 714, in 1971. Purged after being accused of involvement in Lin Biao's coup d'etat against Mao Zedong. The group was dissolved soon thereafter.

Yablontsev.

  • Yablontsev, Aleksandr Nikolaevich (1955-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1996.

Yakovlev.

  • Yakovlev, Oleg Anatolyevich (1940-1990) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973.

Yakovlev, Nikolai.

  • Yakovlev, Nikolai Dmitryevich (1898-1972) Russian officer. Chief of Chief Artillery Directorate 1941-1948.

Yakovlev, V N.

  • Yakovlev, V N Russian military officer.

Yamazaki.

  • Yamazaki, Naoko (1970-) Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1999-on. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA. NASDA

Yang Liwei.

  • Yang Liwei (1965-) Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 5. First Chinese man in space.

Yangel.

  • Yangel, Mikhail Kuzmich (1911-1971) Soviet Chief Designer 1954-1971 of OKB-586. Preeminent designer of ballistic missiles and light satellites. His Ukraine bureau designed the R-12 and R-14 IRBM's; the heavy R-16, R-36, and R-36M ICBM's; and the Zenit space launcher,

Yardley.

  • Yardley, John Finley (1925-2001) American engineer. Headed the Mercury, Gemini, and Skylab programs at McDonnell; led development of the space shuttle through its first flight at NASA.

Yaroshenko.

  • Yaroshenko, Georgi L Russian physician cosmonaut candidate, 1964. Medical doctor. Selected as a cosmonaut in early May 1964, but on 26 May 1964 the selection was rejected by the government commission.

Yashin.

  • Yashin, Yuri Alekseyevich (1930-) Russian officer. Chief of Plesetak Cosmodrome from 1975.

Yasinskiy.

  • Yasinskiy, Aleksandr Filippovich (1930-) Russian officer. Deputy Chief GNITs KS Space Tracking Centre for military operations 1982-1989.

Yastrebov.

  • Yastrebov, Vladimir Dmitrevich (1922-) Russian officer. Colonel, Chief of Ballistic Control for the TsKIK Space Tracking Centre 1965-1972.

Yazdovskiy.

  • Yazdovskiy, Vladimir Ivanovich (1913-) Russian physician. Deputy Director of Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine. Space medicine pioneer.

Yazdovsky.

  • Yazdovsky, Valeri Aleksandrovich (1930-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1968-1982.

Yeager.

  • Yeager, Charles E (1923-) Premier American test pilot. First person to break the sound barrier. Flew all of the pioneering jet and rocketplanes of the 1950's, by the 1990's had flown 201 types of military aircraft and more than 14,000 flying hours.

Yeakel.

  • Yeakel, Glenn Scott (1956-) American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1988. Master of science in astronautical engineering from USAF Academy, 1978. Stationed at the US State Department. Later with National Reconnaissance Office.

Yebenov.

  • Yebenov, Profiri (-1969) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Moscow urban legend: Apollo 11 astronauts were stranded on the moon. Naked Soviet cosmonaut, stranded sometime before, assisted them in repairing their lunar module. Joke: Yebenov means 'f---d' in Russian.

Yefremov.

  • Yefremov, Gerbert Aleksandrovich (1933-) Russian engineer. Chief Designer, Chelomei design bureau, 1971-2000

Yefremova.

  • Yefremova Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1962. Selected as a cosmonaut on 28 February 1962, but in March 1962 her selection was rejected by the government commission.

Yegorov.

  • Yegorov, Dr Boris Borisovich (1937-1994) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1. First physician in space.

Yeliseyev.

  • Yeliseyev, Aleksei Stanislavovich (1934-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft.

Yeltsin.

  • Yeltsin, Boris N (1930-2007) Russian politician, headed Russia 1991-1999. Under his tenure the Soviet programs collapsed, but Russian manned space technology base was kept alive through American funding of the International Space Station.

Yemelyanov.

  • Yemelyanov, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1951-1992) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1984-1992. Graduated from MAI, 1974 Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Cosmonaut training November 1985 - October 1986. Left cosmonaut cadre for medical reasons. Manager for AO TPK "Prodmarket". Died of a heart attack.

Yerkina.

  • Yerkina, Zhanna Dmitriyevna (1939-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969.

Yershov.

  • Yershov, Valentin Gavriyilovich (1928-1998) Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1974.

Yesenkov.

  • Yesenkov, Sergei Vasilyevich Russian military officer.

Yi So-yeon.

  • Yi So-yeon (1978-) Korean engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-14. First Korean in space.

York.

  • York, Herbert F (1923-) American physicist, held key scientific advisory roles in US government 1958-1961, when key decisions on space exploration, missile development, and nuclear weapons were made.

Young.

  • Young, John Watts (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10, Apollo 16, STS-1, STS-9. Only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Shuttle. Ninth person to walk on the moon. Space speed record (11,107 m/s).

Young, Jack.

  • Young, John Donald 'Jack' (1919-1988) American manager, at NASA 1960-1966.

Young, Lawrence.

  • Young, Lawrence Retman (1935-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1991-1993.

Young, Robert.

  • Young, Robert B (1917-1979) American engineer. Key manager at Aerojet, working there from the 1940's, responsible for the rocket engines for the Titan, the Apollo SPS, and Shuttle OMS.

Yu Guilin.

  • Yu Guilin Chinese PLAAF pilot. Astronaut candidate in 1970, but failed centrifuge test.

Yuhangyuan 1?.

  • Yuhangyuan 1? Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1996-on.

Yuhangyuan 2?.

  • Yuhangyuan 2? Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1996-on.

Yui.

  • Yui, Kimiya (1970-) Japanese pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on.

Yurchikhin.

  • Yurchikhin, Fyodor Nikolayevich (1959-) Georgian-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on STS-112, ISS EO-15,ISS EO-24. 373 cumulative days in space. Engineer, Energia NPO.

Yuyukov.

  • Yuyukov, Dmitri Andreyevich (1941-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1987. Graduated from MAI, 1965 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a TKS flight to the Almaz military space station. Sector Head, NPO Mashinostroyeniye. From worked at GKNPTs Khrunishchev.

Zabolotski.

  • Zabolotski, Viktor Viktorovich (1946-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1984-1997. Cosmonaut training September 1985 - 1987. Buran Test Pilot. Civilian test pilot at the Zhukovsky Flight Test Center of LII.

Zaikin.

  • Zaikin, Dmitri Alekseyevich (1932-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1969.

Zaitsev.

  • Zaitsev, Andrei Yevgenyevich (1957-2010) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1985-1996.

Zakharov.

  • Zakharov, Matvey Vasilyevich (1898-1972) Russian officer. Chief of Ministry of Defence General Staff 1960-1973.

Zakharova.

  • Zakharova, Dr Tamara Sergeyevna (1952-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1995. Was married to cosmonaut Yuri Sheffer.

Zakhorov, Aleksandr.

  • Zakhorov, Aleksandr Grigoryevich (1921-) Russian officer. Commander of Baikonur range 1961-1965.

Zalyotin.

  • Zalyotin, Sergey Viktorovich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-28, ISS EP-4.

Zamka.

  • Zamka, George David 'Zambo' (1962-) Hispanic-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-120, STS-130. Grew up in Rochester, Michigan. US Marine Corps.

Zangl.

  • Zangl, Wolfgang (1917-1962) German engineer. Head of the Research Section at LRBA in France. Later worked as head of the research department at LRBA in France from 1947. Died in 1962, in Paris.

Zanker.

  • Zanker (1896-1973) German Manager. Business director of the Zentralwerk.

Zaslovskiy.

  • Zaslovskiy, Mark Yefimovich (1920-1995) Russian engineer. Chief of Section and Chief Designer of GOSNIITsRTI Minradioprom. Began work with Yangel at the end of the 1950's on electronic systems for satellites.

Zavadovski.

  • Zavadovski, V (-1960) Russian phantom cosmonaut. Phantom cosmonaut. 1959 Moscow newspaper showed a Zavadovski testing high altitude equipment. Later presumed to have died on Korabl Sputnik 1 in May 1960.

Zborowski.

  • Zborowski German expert in rocket design during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Munich.

Zborowski, Helmut.

  • Zborowski, Count Helmut (1905-1969) Austrian technical designer of liquid rocket motors and expert in anti-tank missiles. In WW2 joined SS, headed aircraft engine and rocket engine development near Dachau. Received over 300 patents. Worked for the French briefly after the war.

Zeiler.

  • Zeiler, Albert Franz (1913-1976) German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died in Florida.

Zeyss.

  • Zeyss German expert in rocket propulsion and launchers during World War II. As of January 1947, last known to be working at the Heereswaffenamt, GL Flak Berlin-Charlottenburg.

Zhai Zhigang.

  • Zhai Zhigang (1966-) Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 7. First taikonaut to walk in space.

Zhang Cunhao.

  • Zhang Cunhao Chinese Engineer. Expert in solid rocket propellants and chemical lasers.

Zhang Ruxiang.

  • Zhang Ruxiang (1941-) Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1971, but program cancelled less than a year later. Joined PLA in 1958. He was a PLAAF regiment commander when selected. Selected as Chinese astronaut in March 1971.

Zhang Xiaoguan.

  • Zhang Xiaoguan Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1998-on. 172 cm tall and weighing 65.5 kg, a lieutenant colonel, PLAAF squadron commander, and accumulated 1000 flight-hours as of 2004.

Zhao Chuandong.

  • Zhao Chuandong Chinese pilot taikonaut, 1998-on. In the 05/2003 issue of Fliegerrevue, this was one of 12 new names listed as Chinese astronauts in training. PLA Air Force

Zhao Jiuzhang.

  • Zhao Jiuzhang (1907-1968) Chinese Engineer. Leader in development of instruments for use on Chinese sounding rockets and artificial satellites. Killed by Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution.

Zholobov.

  • Zholobov, Vitali Mikhailovich (1937-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 21.

Zhou Benlian.

  • Zhou Benlian Chinese Engineer. Materials scientist, made important contributions to development of Chinese heat shield materials and composite structures for space station applications.

Zhuang Fenggan.

  • Zhuang Fenggan Chinese Engineer. Rocket and missile aerodynamics specialist.

Zhuang Yuzhi.

  • Zhuang Yuzhi (1924-1996) Chinese Engineer. Metallurgist, developed materials for China's first recoverable satellites.

Zhukov.

  • Zhukov, Georgiy Konstantinovich (1896-1974) Russian officer. Minister of Defence 1955-1957.

Zhukov, Boris.

  • Zhukov, Boris Petrovich Russian engineer. From 1951-1989 headed LNPO Soyuz.

Zhukov, Nikolai.

  • Zhukov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1922-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General; Chief of Staff for GUKOS Space Command 1982-1984

Zhukov, Sergei.

  • Zhukov, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1956-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on.

Zhukov, Yuri.

  • Zhukov, Yuri Averkovich (1933-) Russian officer. Commander of Baikonur Cosmodrome 1983-1989.

Ziegler.

  • Ziegler, Jean 'Skip' (-1953) American test pilot. Flew the X-1A and X-1D. X-1A and X-1D test pilot. Killed in the explosion of an X-2 during a captive-carry flight.

Ziegler, H.

  • Ziegler, H German expert in rocket design during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Bad Aibling.

Zisch.

  • Zisch, William E 'Bill' (1917-1998) American business manager of Aerojet, 1942-1966. No college degree or scientific training, but he led Aerojet from five employees to $700 million annual sales of JATO, Polaris, Aerobee, Delta, Titan, Apollo SPS, M-1 and Nerva rocket engines.

Zitter.

  • Zitter German aviation engineer during World War II. As of January 1947, living at Freilassing, Oberbayern, Wielandshag.

Zolke.

  • Zolke, Helmut Max Arthur (1915-) German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter.

Zubovich.

  • Zubovich, Ivan Gerasimovich (1901-1956) Russian government official. Deputy Minister of Armaments 1949-1951. Deputy Chairman of Special Committee 2.

Zubrin.

  • Zubrin, Robert American Engineer. Co-developer of the Mars Direct mission model and a passionate advocate for manned exploration of Mars by methods cheaper and quicker than the NASA model.

Zucker.

  • Zucker, Gerhard (1900-1985) German rocket enthusiast and fraudster. In 1931-1934 toured Germany and UK with bogus 'operational' and postal rockets. Caused a death in a rocket explosion in 1964, resulting in ban of private rocketry in Germany.

Zudin.

  • Zudin, Boris Grigoryevich (1926-1985) Russian officer, Deputy Chief, Plesetsk Cosmodrome for Space 1981-1985. Began military service in November 1943. Completed Rizhsk Higher Aviation School, 1958; assigned to Plesetsk, worked in trials branch, becoming its chief in 1974.

Zudov.

  • Zudov, Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 23.

Zverev.

  • Zverev, Sergei Alekseyevich (1912-1978) Russian government official. Chairman of GKOT 1963-1965.

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