Encyclopedia Astronautica
Hughes-Fulford



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Hughes-Fulford
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Hughes-Fulford, Dr Millie Elizabeth (1945-) American biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40. Biochemist. US Army

Educated Tarleton State; Texas Womans.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Millie Hughes-Fulford (Ph.D.)
Payload Specialist

PERSONAL DATA:
Born December 21,1945, in Mineral Wells, Texas. Married; her husband, George Fulford is a retired Captain with United Airlines. Her daughter is married and lives in Mill Valley. Recreational interests include scuba diving, swimming, gardening, photography, computer graphics and boating. Her father is deceased, her mother still resides in Mineral Wells, Texas.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from Mineral Wells High, in 1962; received a bachelor of science degree in Chemistry and Biology from Tarleton State University in 1968, and a Ph.D. from Texas Womans University in 1972.

ORGANIZATIONS:
Member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Society for Gravitational Science and Biology, American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, American Society for Cell Biology and the Association of Space Explorers.

SPECIAL HONORS:
1995 Organizing Committee for the International Conference on Eicosanoids and other active Bio-lipids; 1995-Present Advisory Board for Marine Biological Library Sciences Writing Program, Woods Hole, Mass; 1994 Marin County Woman of the Year, NASA Space Flight Medals (1991); 1987-1990 Member of Committee on Space Biology and Space Medicine, National Research Council; 1986-1989 Board of Regents Embry-Riddle University, Daytona Beach, Florida; l984 Presidential Award for Federal Employee for Western Region; 1972 American Association of university Women's Fellowship; 1968-1971 National Science Foundation Fellow (Graduate), 1965 National Science Foundation Summer Research Fellow (Undergraduate).

EXPERIENCE:
Dr. Hughes-Fulford entered college at the age of 16 and earned her BS degree in chemistry and biology from Tarleton State University in 1968. After graduating from Tarleton State University in 1968, Dr.Hughes-Fulford began her graduate work studying plasma chemistry at Texas Woman's University as a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellow from 1968-1971 and an American Association of University Women fellow from 1971-1972. Upon completing her doctorate degree at TWU in 1972, Dr. Hughes-Fulford joined the faculty of Southwestern Medical School, University of Texas, Dallas as a postdoctoral fellow with Marvin D. Siperstein. Her research focused on regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Dr. Hughes-Fulford has contributed over 70 papers and abstracts in the areas of bone and cancer growth regulation. She was named the Federal Employee of the Year Award for the Western Region in 1985, International Zontian in 1992 and Marin County Woman of the Year in 1993. She was a major in the US Army Reserve until 1995.

Selected as a payload specialist by NASA in January 1983, Dr. Hughes-Fulford flew in June 1991 aboard STS-40 Spacelab Life Sciences (SLS 1), the first Spacelab mission dedicated to biomedical studies. The SLS-1 mission flew over 3.2 million miles in 146 orbits and its crew completed over 18 experiments during a 9 day period bringing back more medical data than any previous NASA flight. Mission duration was 218 hours, 14 minutes and 20 seconds.

Upon her return to Earth, she served as the Scientific Advisor to the Under Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs for 3 years. Today, as a Professor at the University of California Medical Center at San Francisco, Dr. Hughes-Fulford continues her research at the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco as Director of the Laboratory for Cell Growth and Differentiation and as a principal medical investigator. She is currently the Deputy Associate Chief of Staff at the VA Medical Center, San Francisco. In addition to her duties as the dACOS/E, she is continuing her studies of the control of human colorectal cancer growth with the VA and the regulation of bone growth with NASA.

She is also the PI on a series of SpaceHab/Biorack experiments examining the regulation of osteoblast (bone cell) growth regulation. The experiment, OSTEO flew on STS-76, in March of 1996. OSTEOGENE was on STS-81 which flew in January, 1997. OSTEOMARS is manifested on STS-84 scheduled to fly in May, 1997. The experiments are designed to examine the activation of bone cell growth and induction of gene expression in microgravity. These studies should help scientists understand the osteoporosis that occur in astronauts during spaceflight.

APRIL 1997

Birth Place: Mineral Wells, Texas.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1945.12.21.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 9.09 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Flights
  • STS-71-E Crew: Gaffney, Phillips. Planned SLS-1 shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. Backup crew: Hughes-Fulford. More...
  • STS-81-M Crew: Hughes-Fulford. Planned SLS-2 shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. More...
  • STS-40 Crew: Bagian, Gaffney, Gutierrez, Hughes-Fulford, Jernigan, O Connor, Seddon. Carried Spacelab life sciences module. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Hughes-Fulford Chronology


1987 March - .
1988 July - .
1991 June 5 - . 13:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-40.
  • STS-40 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Bagian; Gaffney; Gutierrez; Hughes-Fulford; Jernigan; O Connor; Seddon. Payload: Columbia F11 / GBA-2. Mass: 11,767 kg (25,941 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bagian; Gaffney; Gutierrez; Hughes-Fulford; Jernigan; O Connor; Seddon. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-40. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 9.09 days. Decay Date: 1991-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 21399 . COSPAR: 1991-040A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Carried Spacelab life sciences module. Payloads: Spacelab Life Sciences (SLS)-1 with long module, getaway special bridge assembly with 12 getaway specials, Physiological Monitoring System (PMS), Urine Monitoring System (UMS), Animal Enclosure Modules (AEM), Middeck Zero-gravity Dynamics Experiment (MODE), 7 Orbiter Experiments Program experiments.

1991 June 14 - .
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