Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Hart, Terry Jonathan 'TJ' (1946-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-C.

Educated MIT; Rutgers.

NASA Official Biography

NAME: Terry J. Hart
NASA Astronaut (former)

PERSONAL DATA: Born October 27, 1946, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Married to the former Wendy Marie Eberhardt of Warren, Pennsylvania. They have two children. Recreational interests include golf and woodworking.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Mt. Lebanon High School, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1964; received a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering from Lehigh University in 1968, a master of science in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1969, a master of science in electrical engineering from Rutgers University in 1978, and an honorary doctorate of engineering from Lehigh University in 1988.

ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Xi, and Delta Upsilon.

SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the National Defense Medal, NASA Space Flight Medal and named Outstanding Officer of Undergraduate Pilot Training Class in 1970. Rutgers Distinguished Alumnus Award.

EXPERIENCE: Hart entered on active duty with the Air Force reserve in June 1969. He completed undergraduate pilot training at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia, in December 1970, and from then until 1973, flew F-106 interceptors for the Air Defense Command at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, at Loring Air Force Base, Maine, and at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware. In 1973, he joined the New Jersey Air National Guard and continued flying with the Guard until 1985, retiring in 1990. He has logged 3,000 hours flying time -- 2,400 hours in jets. From 1968 to 1978, Hart was employed as a member of the Technical Staff of Bell Telephone Laboratories. His principle duties included electrical and mechanical design responsibilities for a variety of electronic power equipment used in the Bell System. He has received 2 patents.

NASA EXPERIENCE: Mr. Hart was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in January 1978. In August 1979, he completed a 1-year training and evaluation period, making him eligible for flight assignment on future Space Shuttle crews. Mr. Hart was a member of the support crews for STS-1, STS-2, STS-3, and STS-7. He was Ascent and Orbit CAPCOM with the Mission Control Team for those flights. Mr. Hart flew as a mission specialist on STS-41C (April 6-13, 1984) and has logged a total of 168 hours in space.

He is currently the Director of Engineering and Operations for AT&T's satellite network.

SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS 41-C Challenger launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on April 6, 1984. The crew included Captain Robert L. Crippen (spacecraft commander), Mr. F. R. (Dick) Scobee (pilot), and fellow mission specialist, Dr. G. D. (Pinky) Nelson and Dr. Jr. D. A. (Ox) van Hoften. During this mission the crew successfully deployed the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF); retrieved the ailing Solar Maximum Satellite, repaired it on board Challenger, and replaced it in orbit using the robot arm called the Remote Manipulator System (RMS). The mission also included flight testing of Manned Maneuvering Units (MMU's) in two extravehicular activities (EVA's); operation of the Cinema 360 and IMAX Camera Systems, as well as a Bee Hive Honeycomb Structures student experiment. Mission duration was 7-days before landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on April 13, 1984.


Birth Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1946.10.27.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 6.99 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • NASA Group 8 - 1978 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Recruit women and minorities to introduce diversity into the astronaut corps. Nickname: TFNG - Thirty-Five New Guys, also an obscene military phrase. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-41-C Crew: Crippen, Hart, Nelson, Scobee, van Hoften. Manned five crew. First repair on orbit of a satellite, Solar Maximum Mission, snared by astronaut using MMU. Deployed LDEF. Experienced erosion of the primary O-ring in the right-hand nozzle joint. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USAF American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. United States Air Force, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Hart Chronology

1978 January 16 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 8 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bluford; Brandenstein; Buchli; Coats; Covey; Creighton; Fabian; Fisher; Gardner; Gibson; Gregory; Griggs; Hart; Hauck; Hawley; Hoffman; Lucid; McBride; McNair; Mullane; Nagel; Nelson; Onizuka; Resnik; Ride; Scobee; Seddon; Shaw; Shriver; Stewart; Sullivan. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Recruit women and minorities to introduce diversity into the astronaut corps. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 8,079 applicants, of which half met the basic qualifications. 208 invited for physical tests and interviews. Of the 35 selected, six were women, three were male African-Americans, and one was a male Asian-American.

1984 April 6 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-13/41-C.
  • STS-41-C - . Call Sign: Challenger. Crew: Crippen; Hart; Nelson; Scobee; van Hoften. Payload: Challenger F05 / LDEF 1 / MMU 3. Mass: 17,357 kg (38,265 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crippen; Hart; Nelson; Scobee; van Hoften. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-41-C. Spacecraft: Challenger. Duration: 6.99 days. Decay Date: 1984-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 14897 . COSPAR: 1984-034A. Apogee: 468 km (290 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Manned five crew. First repair on orbit of a satellite, Solar Maximum Mission, by James van Hoften and George Nelson. Deployed LDEF. Payloads:Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) repair, manned maneuvering unit (MMU) satellite support, deployment of Long-Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) in earth orbit free drift. LDEF contained 57 experiments and weighed about 10,000 kg. Cinema 360 and IMAX 70-mm cameras.

1984 April 13 - .
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