Encyclopedia Astronautica
Gubarev



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Gubarev
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Gubarev, Aleksey Aleksandrovich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EP-2.

Aleksey Aleksandrovich Gubarev was born on March 29, 1931 in the village of Gvardeitsy in the Samara region to a peasant family. From 1936, he lived and studied at the Chashnikovo collective farm near Moscow, where his family had move after the death of his father. In 1950, he graduated from middle school in Kryukovo (Moscow region) and entered Naval Aviation School for Aircraft Mechanics. After graduation in 1952, he served with the Soviet Air Force. In 1961, he graduated from the Gagarin Air Force Academy and was assigned for service with Black Sea aviation units, where he served as a squadron commander until his acceptance to the cosmonaut unit.

In 1963 he was accepted into the Soviet cosmonaut unit (1963 Air Force Group #2). He underwent the full general space preparation course. He trained for the Soviet Lunar program, and participated as a group member in mastering the military research variant of the Soyuz (7K-VI). Later, he trained for space flight on Soyuz type spacecraft and on orbital stations of Salyut.

In September 1973 he commanded the reserve crew (with Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko) for the Soyuz-12 flight. He performed his first flight from January 11 through February 9, 1975, together with Grechko, as commander of Soyuz-17 and the orbital complex Salyut-4 - Soyuz-17 (call sign Zenit). His space flight lasted 29 days 13 hours 19 minutes and 45 seconds.

From 1976 he underwent preparations under the Intercosmos program for co-operation with socialist countries. He made his second space flight on March 2-10, 1978, as commander of Soyuz-28 (call sign Zenit) together with Czech Vladimir Remek. This was the first manned spaceflight of the Intercosmos program. The cosmonauts worked onboard the orbital complex Salyut-6 - Soyuz-27 - Soyuz-28 together with Yuri Viktorovich Romanenko and Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko. Their stay in space was 7 days 22 hours 16 minutes. During his two flights Gubarev spent 37 days 11 hours 35 minutes and 45 seconds in space.

In 1981 he left the cosmonaut team. He continued to serve in command positions with the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre. He is currently retired.

Awards: Twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Hero of Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Awarded two Orders of Lenin, Czechoslovak Order of Clement Gotvald, Tsiolkovskiy Gold Medal (USSR Academy of Sciences), Gagarin Gold Medal (FAI). Honorary citizen of Kaluga (Russia), Arkalyk, Tselinograd (Kazakhstan), and Prague (Czech Republic). Author of the book The Attraction of Weightlessness (Moscow, 1982).

Copyright (C) Alexander Zheleznyakov, 1998

Call sign: Zenit (Zenith).

Birth Place: Gvardeitsy, Samara.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1931.03.29.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 37.48 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • Soyuz VI Flight 1 Crew: Kolesnikov, Popovich. The planned first flight of the Soyuz VI combat spacecraft was planned for early 1969, beating America's equivalent Manned Orbiting Lab. The project was cancelled in 1968 in favour of Mishin's OIS (in turn cancelled in 1970) and Chelomei's Almaz stations. Backup crew: Belousov, Gubarev. More...
  • Soyuz 12 / DOS 1 Crew: Kolodin, Leonov, Rukavishnikov. If the Soyuz 11 crew had not perished during return to the earth, the Leonov crew would have been sent for a second visit to the Salyut 1 space station. A 30-day mission duration was planned. Backup crew: Gubarev, Sevastyanov, Voronov. More...
  • DOS 2-1 Crew: Gubarev, Sevastyanov, Voronov. Backup crew: Klimuk, Artyukhin. More...
  • Soyuz 12 / DOS 2 Crew: Kubasov, Leonov. Planned first mission to the Salyut DOS 2 space station. Cancelled after DOS 2 was destroyed during launch. Backup crew: Lazarev, Makarov.Support crew: Grechko, Gubarev. More...
  • Soyuz 13 / DOS 2 Crew: Lazarev, Makarov. Planned second mission to the Salyut DOS 2 space station. Cancelled after DOS 2 was destroyed during launch. Backup crew: Grechko, Gubarev.Support crew: Klimuk, Sevastyanov. More...
  • Soyuz 12 / DOS 3 Crew: Kubasov, Leonov. Planned first mission to the Salyut DOS 3 space station (Cosmos 557). Cancelled after Cosmos 557 failed in orbit. Backup crew: Lazarev, Makarov.Support crew: Grechko, Gubarev. More...
  • Soyuz 13 / DOS 3 Crew: Lazarev, Makarov. Planned second mission to the Salyut DOS 3 space station (Cosmos 557). Cancelled after Cosmos 557 failed in orbit. Backup crew: Grechko, Gubarev.Support crew: Klimuk, Sevastyanov. More...
  • Soyuz 12 Crew: Lazarev, Makarov. Experimental flight for the purpose of further development of manned space craft Soyuz 7K-T modifications. After the Soyuz 11 disaster, the Soyuz underwent redesign for increased reliability. Backup crew: Grechko, Gubarev.Support crew: Klimuk, Sevastyanov. More...
  • Soyuz 17 Crew: Grechko, Gubarev. First successful Russian civilian space station mission. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 4. Backup crew: Lazarev, Makarov.Support crew: Klimuk, Sevastyanov. More...
  • Salyut 6 EP-2 Crew: Gubarev, Remek. First Czech astronaut. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Pelczak, Rukavishnikov. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • Salyut The world's first space station, developed in one year by the Soviet Union on the basis of Chelomei's Almaz station, in an attempt to upstage the American Skylab after the loss of the moon landing race to the Americans. More...
  • Salyut 6 Mishin was authorised in December 1973 to build an improved design DOS-5 version of the Salyut station using Almaz facilities. Mishin's bureau borrowed the two docking port configuration of Chelomei's Almaz OPS-2 This station's second docking port would allow rotation of crews and resupply/refueling using unmanned Progress spacecraft. More...

Gubarev Chronology


1963 January 8 - .
1963 January 10 - .
1965 January 15 - .
  • Cosmonaut examinations - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Shatalov; Gubarev; Demin; Dobrovolsky; Pitskhelauri; Belyayev; Leonov; Khrunov; Zaikin; Gorbatko. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Vostok. The 15 candidate-astronauts take their first phase examinations. 13 are rated outstanding, with Shatalov, Gubarev, and Demin doing the best. Two are rated only 'good' - Dobrovolskiy and Pitskherlauri. Dobrovolskiy was the worst, getting some answers completely wrong. For example, he said that the maximum thickness of Vostok's heat shield was 440 mm, when the correct answer was 140 mm; and identified Krug as a homing beacon on the search aircraft, rather than aboard the spacecraft. However overall everything went well, and all were considered to have passed. On this day Belyayev and Leonov complete their centrifuge training. Belyayev is 40 years old, and had little trouble with the centrifuge. Kamanin resolves to name Khrunov as a spacecraft commander in Belyayev's place, with a final crew being Khrunov-Leonov in case Belyayev cannot fly for some reason. Khrunov is available since Zaikin since the decision has been made to train Zaikin as Leonov's backup instead of Gorbatko.

1965 January 21 - .
  • Cosmonaut examinations completed - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Beregovoi; Shatalov; Gubarev; Demin; Keldysh; Korolev; Tyulin; Ponomaryova; Solovyova. The 15 cosmonaut candidates have all 'graduated' from basic cosmonaut training. The highest scores were by Beregovoi, Shatalov, Gubarev, and Demin. Two days later they officially receive their cosmonaut rating, bringing the total contingent to 34, of which 9 have already been in space. With this contingent the Soviet Union will fly to the moon and man an orbital station. That is insufficient - Kamanin wants a 40-man second contingent. The new contingent will have to be absolutely healthy male specimens, no older than 32 years, under 175 cm in height and 75 kg in weight. Keldysh, Korolev, and Tyulin are against further female flights in space, despite Kamanin's insistence.

1966 September 2 - .
1966 December 31 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
1969 Early - .
1971 June 15 - .
1971 August - .
1972 August - .
1972 October - .
1973 June - .
1973 September - .
1973 September 27 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 12 - . Call Sign: Ural (Urals ). Crew: Lazarev; Makarov. Backup Crew: Grechko; Gubarev. Support Crew: Klimuk; Sevastyanov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 36. Mass: 6,720 kg (14,810 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Lazarev; Makarov; Grechko; Gubarev; Klimuk; Sevastyanov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 12. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 1.97 days. Decay Date: 1973-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6836 . COSPAR: 1973-067A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 51.0000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Experimental flight for the purpose of further development of manned space craft Soyuz 7K-T modifications. After the Soyuz 11 disaster, the Soyuz underwent redesign for increased reliability. Two solo test flights of the new design were planned. Crews for the first flight were those already planned for the deferred follow-on missions to the failed DOS 2 and DOS 3 space stations.

1975 January 10 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 17 - . Call Sign: Zenit (Zenith ). Crew: Grechko; Gubarev. Backup Crew: Lazarev; Makarov. Support Crew: Klimuk; Sevastyanov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 38. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Grechko; Gubarev; Lazarev; Makarov; Klimuk; Sevastyanov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 17. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 29.56 days. Decay Date: 1975-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7604 . COSPAR: 1975-001A. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 4. Joint experiments with the Salyut scientific orbital station..

1975 February 10 - .
1978 March 2 - . 15:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 28 - . Call Sign: Zenit (Zenith ). Crew: Gubarev; Remek. Backup Crew: Pelczak; Rukavishnikov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 45. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gubarev; Remek; Pelczak; Rukavishnikov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 6 EP-2; Salyut 6 EO-1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 7.93 days. Decay Date: 1978-03-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 10694 . COSPAR: 1978-023A. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Delivery to the Salyut-6 station of the first international 'Intercosmos' team consisting of A.A. Gubarev (USSR) and V. Remek (Czechoslovak Socialist Republic) to carry out scientific research and experiments jointly developed by Soviet a nd Czechoslovak specialists.

1978 March 10 - .
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