Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Garn, Edwin Jacob 'Jake' (1932-) American senator payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D.

NAME: Jake Garn

BIRHPLACE AND DATE: Jake Garn was born in Richfield, Utah, on 12 October 1932.

EDUCATION: Garn graduated from the University of Utah in 1955 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Business and Finance.

MARITAL STATUS: In 1957 he married the late Hazel Thompson, and they had four children--Jake, Jr.; Susan; Ellen; and Jeffrey--before her death. In 1977 he married Kathleen Brewerton, who had a son, Brook, from a previous marriage. The couple also had a son, Matthew, and a daughter, Jennifer.

EXPERIENCE: Garn served in the U.S. Navy on active duty from June 1956 to January 1960, and he was designated a naval aviator in 1957. He was in the Naval Reserve from 1960 to 1962, and in the Utah Air National Guard from 1963 to 1979. He retired and was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General in 1985.

Garn entered politics and was elected to the Salt Lake City Commission in 1967. He was elected mayor of Salt Lake City in 1971 and to the U.S. Senate in 1974 as a Republican. He served as chairman of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee and as a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, and the Senate Rules Committee. He was a member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, and served as Secretary of the Republican Conference.

Garn fought against the Equal Rights Amendment and the SALT II Treaty. He sponsored the 1982 Garn St. Germain Act, which significantly restructured the nation's banking laws. In 1985, he succeeded in passing legislation to punish companies which allow sensitive technology to end up in the hands of U.S. adversaries.

In April 1985 Garn became the first public official to travel in space when he served as a payload specialist on the space shuttle Discovery (flight 51-D). During the seven day flight, the senator performed various medical tests. The flight landed at Cape Canaveral on 19 April 1985.

Garn was reelected to the Senate in 1980, and again to a third term in 1986. Garn retired from the Senate in 1992 to pursue private business and consulting activities.

Birth Place: Richfield, Utah.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1932.10.12.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 7.00 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
Associated Flights
  • STS-51-E Crew: Bobko, Williams Donald, Seddon, Griggs, Hoffman, Baudry, Garn. Planned TDRS/IUS deployment shuttle mission. Cancelled due to IUS failure. More...
  • STS-51-D Crew: Bobko, Garn, Griggs, Hoffman, Seddon, Walker, Williams Donald. First politician in space. Deployed Telesat-I (successful) and Syncom IV-3 (motor failed). Inboard right-side brake locked on landing, resulting in severe damage. Senator aboard resented, and had one of the worst cases of space sickness ever recorded. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Garn Chronology

1985 March - .
1985 April 12 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-23/51-D.
  • STS-51-D - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bobko; Garn; Griggs; Hoffman; Seddon; Walker; Williams, Donald. Payload: Discovery F04 / Anik C1[PAM-D] / Syncom-4 3 /Orbus. Mass: 16,249 kg (35,822 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bobko; Garn; Griggs; Hoffman; Seddon; Walker; Williams, Donald. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-D. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 7.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-04-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 15641 . COSPAR: 1985-028A. Apogee: 535 km (332 mi). Perigee: 445 km (276 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Manned seven crew. Payloads: Telesat (Canada communications satellite)-I with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D deployment, Syncom IV-3 communications satellite deploy-ment with its unique stage (unique stage failed to ignite), Continuous Flow Electrophoresis (CFES), Phase Partitioning Experiment (PPE), student experiments, two getaway specials (GAS) Informal science studies (Toys in Space).

1985 April 19 - .
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