Encyclopedia Astronautica
Fisher, William



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Fisher William
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Fisher, Dr William Frederick (1946-) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I. Was married to astronaut Anna Fisher.

Educated Stanford; University of Florida. Total EVA Time: 0.49 days. Number of EVAs: 2.


Official NASA Biography

NAME: William F. Fisher (M.D.)

NASA Astronaut

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born April 1, 1946, in Dallas, Texas. His parents, retired Air Force Colonel and Mrs. Russell F. Fisher, reside in Winter Park, Florida.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Brown hair; brown eyes; height: 5 feet 10 inches; weight: 170 pounds.

EDUCATION: Graduated from North Syracuse Central High School, North Syracuse, New York, in 1964; received a bachelor of arts from Stanford University in 1968, and a doctorate in Medicine from the University of Florida in 1975. He did graduate work in biology at the University of Florida from 1969 to 1971, and did graduate work in Engineering at the University of Houston from 1978 to 1980.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Anna L. Tingle of St. Albans, New York. Her mother, Mrs. Elfreide Tingle, resides in San Pedro, California. Her father, Mr. Riley F. Tingle, is deceased.

CHILDREN: Kristin Anne, July 29, 1983, Kara Lynne, January 10, 1989.

ORGANIZATIONS: Diplomate of the American Board of Emergency Medicine and a member of the American College of Emergency Physicians.

SPECIAL HONORS: American Astronautical Society Victor A. Prather Award for Outstanding Achievement in the field of Extravehicular Activity (1985), the FAI Komarov Diploma (1985), the NASA Space Flight Medal (1985), and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1988). Dr. Fisher has also received Group Achievement Awards for EMU and MMU Development (1983), and for Payload Assist Module (PAM) Software Development and Vehicle Integration (1983). In 1986 he was named an ad hoc member of the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, and was appointed a member of the NASA Medicine Policy Board in 1987.

EXPERIENCE: After medical school, Dr. Fisher completed a surgical residency from 1975 to 1977 at UCLA's Harbor General Hospital in Torrance, California. He entered private practice in emergency medicine from 1977 to 1980, while serving as an instructor in medicine at the University of South Florida. Dr. Fisher is currently practicing emergency medicine at a hospital in the greater Houston area in conjunction with his astronaut duties

He has logged over 2,000 hours in prop, rotary-wing, jet aircraft and spacecraft.

NASA EXPERIENCE: Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in May 1980, Dr. fisher became an astronaut in August 1981. His technical assignments to date have included: scientific equipment operator for high altitude research on the WB57-F aircraft (1980-1981); astronaut medical support for the first four Shuttle missions (1980-1982); astronaut office representative for Extravehicular Mobility Unit (space suit) and Extravehicular Activity (EVA) procedures and development, including thermal vacuum testing of the suit (1981-1984); astronaut office representative for the Payload Assist Module (PAM-D) procedures and development (1982-1983); astronaut office representative for Shuttle Mission Simulator (SMS) development (1983); support crewman for STS-8; CAPCOM for STS-8 and STS-9; Remote Manipulator System (RMS) hardware and software development team (1983); Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU) development team (1983); deputy director of NASA Government-furnished and Contractor-furnished equipment (1982-1983); Chief of Astronaut Public Appearances (1985-1987); Head, Astronaut Office Space Station Manned Systems Division (1987-present).

Dr. Fisher was a mission specialist on STS 51-I which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on August 27, 1985. The mission was acknowledged as the most successful Space Shuttle mission yet flown. The crew deployed three communications satellites, the Navy SYNCOM IV-4, the Australian AUSSAT, and American Satellite Company's ASC-1. The crew also performed a successful on-orbit rendezvous with the ailing 15,400 lb SYNCOM IV-3 satellite, and two EVA's (space walks) by Dr. Fisher and Dr. van Hoften to repair it, including the longest space walk in history. STS 51-I completed 112 orbits of the Earth before landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on September 3, 1985.

With the completion of this flight Dr. Fisher has logged over 170 hours in space, including 11 hours and 52 minutes of Extravehicular Activity.

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: In addition to training for future space flight, Dr. Fisher currently serves as the Astronaut Office representative on space crew selection and standards for Space Station.

FEBRUARY 1989

Birth Place: Dallas, Texas.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1946.04.01.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 7.10 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • NASA Group 9 - 1980 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: 19+80 - The two European astronauts in the group were not considered by the Americans to be part of the 'official' group. This led to a scene at graduation. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-51-I Crew: Covey, Engle, Fisher William, Lounge, van Hoften. First retrieval, repair, and relaunch of a satellite in orbit (Leasat 3). Manned five crew. Launched Aussat 1, ASC 1, Leasat 4. Suffered primary O-ring erosion in two locations on the left-hand SRM nozzle joint. More...
  • STS-61-M Crew: Shriver, O Connor, Lee, Ride, Fisher William, Wood Robert. Planned TDRS/IUS deployment shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. Backup crew: Walker. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Fisher, William Chronology


1980 May 19 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 9 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bagian; Blaha; Bolden; Bridges; Chang-Diaz; Cleave; Dunbar; Fisher, William; Gardner, Guy; Grabe; Hilmers; Leestma; Lounge; O Connor; Richards; Ross; Smith; Spring; Springer. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm..


1985 August 27 - . 10:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-27/51-I.
  • STS-51-I - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Covey; Engle; Fisher, William; Lounge; van Hoften. Payload: Discovery F06 / Syncom-4 4 [Orbus-7S] / Aussat A1. Mass: 19,952 kg (43,986 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Covey; Engle; Fisher, William; Lounge; van Hoften. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-I. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 7.10 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 15992 . COSPAR: 1985-076A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 351 km (218 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Manned five crew. Launched Aussat 1, ASC 1, Leasat 4; repaired Leasat 3. Payloads: Deploy ASC (American Satellite Company)-1 with Payload Assist Modue (PAM)-D. Deploy AUSSAT (Australian communications satellite)-1 with PAM-D. Deploy Syncom IV-4 communications satellite with its unique stage. Retrieve Leasat-3 communications satellite, repair and deploy by extravehicular activity (EVA) astronauts. Physical Vapor Transport Organic Solids (PVTOS) experiment.

1985 August 31 - .
1985 September 1 - .
1985 September 3 - .
1986 July - .
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