Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Favier, Dr Jean-Jacques (1949-) French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78.

NASA Official Biography

NAME: Jean-Jacques Favier (Ph.D.)
French Payload Specialist

Born April 13, 1949, in Kehl, Germany. Married to the former Michele Jean. Four children. He enjoys downhill skiing, tennis, wind-surfing, and archeology.

Attended primary and secondary schools in Strasbourg, France. Received an engineering degree from the National Polytechnical Institute of Grenoble in 1971 and earned a Ph.D. in engineering from the Mining School of Paris and a Ph.D. in metallurgy and physics from the University of Grenoble in 1977.

Research Engineer, Commissaniat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), 1976-1979. Head Solidification Group 1970-1986, Head of Laboratory 1986-1989, Head Solidification and Crystal Growth Service, 1989 to 1993, Cons. European Space Agency (ESA), Centre National D'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), Paris 1983 to present. Astronaut Candidate CNES, Paris 1985 to present. Member of Space Station User Panel of ESA.

Recipient Zellidja Association 2nd prize, French Academy Literature 1970, E. Brun Price Award French Academy Sciences. Member of International Organization of Crystal Growth. Member of American Association of Crystal Growth, Societe Francaise de Metallurgie. Groupe Francais de Croissance Cristalline (Committee Chairman). Visiting Professor at University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) (1994-95). Member of the Space Science Committee of the European Science Foundation (ESF). Several patents on crystal growth processes, furnaces and insitu diagnosis. Published more than 80 research articles in refereed scientific journals and books.

Dr. Favier is currently the Advisor of the Director of the Material Science Research Center (CEREM) at the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and is presently detached to CNES. He proposed the MEPHISTO program, a collaborative project between the French Space Agency and NASA, and has developed many other scientific projects in collaboration with the United States since 1985. He is the principal investigator (P.I.) for a MEPHISTO materials processing experiment, which made its debut on the United States Microgravity Payload in 1992 and 1994 and is scheduled for subsequent Space Shuttle flights, the next being STS-75 in 1996. He has been a CNES payload specialist candidate since 1985. He has been P.I. of more than 10 space experiments in collaboration with ESA, NASA, and the Russians.

Dr. Favier was assigned as an alternate payload specialist on STS-65/IML-2, the second International Migrogravity Laboratory mission, and supported the mission as a Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC/APS) from the Payload Operations Control Center (POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. He is currently assigned as a payload specialist on STS-78/LMS-1, a Life Microgravity Spacelab mission.

JUNE 1995

Birth Place: Kehl.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1949.04.13.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 16.91 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-65 Crew: Cabana, Chiao, Halsell, Hieb, Mukai, Thomas, Walz. First Japanese woman to fly in space. Carried IML-2; microgravity, biology experiments. Backup crew: Favier. More...
  • STS-78 Crew: Brady, Favier, Helms, Henricks, Kregel, Linnehan, Thirsk. Carried Life and Microgravity Spacelab; human biological and microgravity experiments. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Favier Chronology

1994 July 8 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-65.
  • STS-65 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Cabana; Chiao; Halsell; Hieb; Mukai; Thomas; Walz. Backup Crew: Favier. Payload: Columbia F17 / EDO. Mass: 10,811 kg (23,834 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana; Chiao; Halsell; Hieb; Mukai; Thomas; Walz; Favier. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-65. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 14.75 days. Decay Date: 1994-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 23173 . COSPAR: 1994-039A. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 239 km (148 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Carried IML-2; microgravity, biology experiments. Payloads: International Microgravity Laboratory (IML) 2, Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment (OARE), Commercial Protein Crystal Growth (CPCG), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS), Military Applications of Ship Tracks (MAST), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX).

1996 June 20 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-78.
  • STS-78 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Brady; Favier; Helms; Henricks; Kregel; Linnehan; Thirsk. Payload: Columbia F20 / EDO. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brady; Favier; Helms; Henricks; Kregel; Linnehan; Thirsk. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-78. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 16.91 days. Decay Date: 1996-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 23931 . COSPAR: 1996-036A. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Columbia carried Terence T Henricks, Kevin R Kregel, Susan J Helms, Richard M Linnehan, Charles E Brady, Jr, Jean-Jacques Favier, and Robert Brent Thirsk to orbit. Main payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab for conducting human biological and microgravity experiments. Columbia landed safely at Kennedy Space Center on July 7.

1996 July 7 - .
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