Encyclopedia Astronautica
Altman



ialtcott.jpg
Altman
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Altman, Scott Douglas 'Scooter' (1959-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-106, STS-109, STS-125.

Grew up in Pekin, Illinois. Educated Illinois; USNPGS.

Official NASA Biography - 1998

NAME: Scott D. Altman (Lieutenant Commander, USN)
NASA Astronaut

PERSONAL DATA:
Born August 15, 1959 in Lincoln, Illinois. Married to the former Jill Shannon Loomer of Tucson, Arizona. They have three children. Enjoys classic automobiles, flying and computers. Avid reader and sports fan/participant. Hometown is Pekin, Illinois, where his parents, Fred and Sharon Altman, currently reside. Her father, Larry Loomer, resides in San Diego, California. Her mother, Donna Loomer, is deceased.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from Pekin Community High School, Pekin, Illinois in 1977; received bachelor of science degree in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from the University of Illinois in May 1981, and a master of science degree in aeronautical engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in June 1990.

ORGANIZATIONS:
University of Illinois Alumni Association, Sigma Chi Alumni Association, life member Association of Naval Aviation and Military Order of the World Wars, full member Society of Experimental Test Pilots.

SPECIAL HONORS:
Navy Strike/Flight Air Medal, Navy Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, 1987 Award winner for Outstanding Achievement in Tactical Aviation as selected by the Association of Naval Aviation.

EXPERIENCE:
Altman was commissioned an Ensign in the United States Navy following completion of Aviation Reserve Officer Candidate School in Pensacola, Florida, in August 1981. Following training in Florida and Texas, he received his Navy wings of gold in February 1983 and was ordered to NAS Miramar in San Diego, California, to fly the F-14. Attached to Fighter Squadron 51, Altman completed two deployments to the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean. In August 1987, he was selected for the Naval Postgraduate School-Test Pilot School Coop program and graduated with Test Pilot School Class 97 in June 1990 as a Distinguished Graduate. After graduation, he spent the next two years as a test pilot working on various F-14 projects such as the air to ground separation effort, and aft center of gravity flying qualities evaluation, as well as the Navy evaluation of the Air Force F-15 S/MTD technology demonstrator. Selected to help take the new F-14D on its first operational deployment, his next assignment was to VF-31 at NAS Miramar where he served as Maintenance Officer and later Operations Officer. Altman was awarded the Navy Air Medal for his role as a strike leader flying over Southern Iraq in support of Operation SOUTHERN WATCH. Shortly following his return from this six month deployment, he was selected for the astronaut program. He has logged over 3400 flight hours in more than 40 types of aircraft.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in December 1994, Altman reported to the Johnson Space Center in March 1995. He has completed a year of training and was initially assigned to work technical aspects of orbiter landing and roll out issues for the Astronaut Office Vehicle Systems Branch.

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT:
Altman will serve as pilot on STS-90 Neurolab, a 16-day Spacelab mission dedicated to investigations on the effects of microgravity on the nervous system. Launch is targeted for April 1998.

JANUARY 1998

Birth Place: Lincoln, Illinois.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1959.08.15.
Spaceflights: 4 .
Total time in space: 51.53 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 15 - 1995 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Flying Escargot. Originally dubbed the 'snails' by the Hogs, because they were supposed to be the class of 1994, but the announcement was delayed a year;. They renamed themselves with the better-sounding French equivalent. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-90 Crew: Altman, Buckey, Hire, Linnehan, Pawelczyk, Searfoss, Williams Dave. Spacelab Long Module / Neurolab mission. Backup crew: Mukai, Dunlap. More...
  • STS-106 Crew: Altman, Burbank, Lu, Malenchenko, Mastracchio, Morukov, Wilcutt. Docked with ISS. Outfitted the new Zvezda module for the arrival of the first permanent EO-1 crew. More...
  • STS-109 Crew: Altman, Carey, Currie, Grunsfeld, Linnehan, Massimino, Newman. Hubble Servicing Mission 3B. More...
  • STS-125 Crew: Altman, Johnson Gregory C, Grunsfeld, Massimino, Feustel, Good, McArthur. Fourth and final servicing mission to the Hubble Space Telescope. Only shuttle mission authorized prior to shuttle retirement not to go to the ISS - therefore with no means of space rescue should the heat shield be damaged during ascent to orbit. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USN American agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. USN Joint Task Force 7, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Altman Chronology


1995 June 9 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 15 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Anderson; Ashby; Bloomfield; Chawla; Curbeam; Edwards; Gorie; Hire; Husband; Kavandi; Kilrain; Lindsey; Lu; Melroy; Noriega; Reilly; Robinson; Sturckow. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 10 pilots and 9 mission specialists, 6 civilians and 13 military officers, chosen from 2,962 applicants, of which 122 screened in June-August 1994. 4 additional international astronauts.


1998 April 17 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-90.
  • STS-90 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Searfoss; Altman; Linnehan; Hire; Williams, Dave; Buckey; Pawelczyk. Backup Crew: Mukai; Dunlap. Payload: Columbia F25 / Spacelab LM Eurolab. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Searfoss; Altman; Linnehan; Hire; Williams, Dave; Buckey; Pawelczyk; Mukai; Dunlap. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Bremen. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-90. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 15.91 days. Decay Date: 1998-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 25297 . COSPAR: 1998-022A. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Columbia rolled out to pad 39B on March 23. Payloads:

    • Spacelab transfer tunnel
    • Spacelab Long Module, with Neurolab experiments for the following life science studies:

      • Chronic Recording of Otolith Nerves in Microgravity
      • Development of the Aortic Baroreflex under Conditions of Microgravity
      • Neural-Thyroid Interaction on Skeletal Isomyosin Expression in OG
      • Spatial Orientation of the Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex and Velocity Storage
      • Autonomic Neuroplasticity in Weightlessness

    • Extended Duration Orbiter pallet
    • Two Get Away Special beams with canisters G-197, G-467, G-772 (Colorado's COLLIDE experiment, which collided small particles into each other to simulate the formation of planets and rings).

    The Neurolab mission was managed by NASA-Johnson at Houston, unlike earlier Spacelab flights which were NASA-Marshall/Huntsville's responsibility. Landed at Kennedy Space Center May 3 1998.


1998 May 3 - .
2000 February 24 - .
2000 September 8 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Space Shuttle Atlantis rocketed into space at 7:46 this morning and is on course to rendezvous and dock with the International Space Station shortly before 1 a.m. Sunday. At the time of Atlantis' launch, the 67-ton station was flying above Hungary, southwest of Budapest. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 8 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: Once in orbit, the crew quickly packed up its ascent suits and unpacked equipment to ready the orbiter for the 11-day mission before turning in at 12:46 p.m. for its first sleep period. The crew will wake up at 8:46 this evening.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-106.
  • STS-106 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Wilcutt; Altman; Burbank; Lu; Mastracchio; Malenchenko; Morukov. Payload: Atlantis F22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wilcutt; Altman; Burbank; Lu; Mastracchio; Malenchenko; Morukov. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-106. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 11.80 days. Decay Date: 2000-09-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 26489 . COSPAR: 2000-053A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Atlantis was launched from Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39B. Solid rocket boosters RSRM-75 and external tank ET-103 were used to loft the orbiter into space. The inital orbit of 72 x 328 km x 51.6 deg was circularised by the Shuttle's OMS engines at apogee.

    Atlantis docked with the PMA-2 adapter on the International Space Station at 05:51 GMT on September 10. The orbiter's small RCS engines were used to gently reboost the station's orbit several times.

    Astronauts Lu and Malenchenko made a spacewalk on September 11 beginning at 04:47 GMT. They rode the RMS arm up to Zvezda and began installing cables, reaching a distance of 30 meters from the airlock when installing Zvezda's magnetometer. Total EVA duration was 6 hours 21 minutes.

    During their 12-day flight, the astronauts spent a week docked to the International Space Station during which they worked as movers, cleaners, plumbers, electricians and cable installers. In all, they spent 7 days, 21 hours and 54 minutes docked to the International Space Station, outfitting the new Zvezda module for the arrival of the Expedition One crew later this fall.

    The Shuttle undocked from ISS at 03:44 GMT on September 18 and made two circuits of the station each lasting half an orbit, before separating finally at 05:34 GMT. The payload bay doors were closed at 04:14 GMT on September 20 and at 06:50 GMT the OMS engines ignited for a three minute burn lowering the orbit from 374 x 386 km x 51.6 deg to 22 x 380 km x 51.6 deg. After entry interface at 07:25 GMT, the orbiter glided to a landing on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center with main gear touchdown at 07:56:48 GMT for a mission duration of 283 hr 11min.


2000 September 9 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Their first full day in space was a busy one for the astronauts and cosmonauts aboard Atlantis as they moved ever closer to an early Sunday morning linkup with the International Space Station. Docking is scheduled to occur at 12:52 a.m. central time Sunday as the two spacecraft soar high above Kazakhstan. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 9 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. STS-106 Mission Commander Terry Wilcutt along with his crew, Pilot Scott Altman and Mission Specialists Ed Lu, Rick Mastracchio, Dan Burbank, Yuri Malenchenko and Boris Morukov, were awakened at 5:46 p.m. CDT today. The wake up song from Mission Control was " I Say a Little Prayer" which was played for Wilcutt. All seven astronauts are now busy with final preparations for the docking with the International Space Station set for early tomorrow morning. Atlantis is planned to make the third docking with the station at 12:52 a.m. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 10 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Commander Terry Wilcutt steered Space Shuttle Atlantis to a smooth link-up with the International Space Station at 12:51 a.m. CDT Sunday, setting the stage for six days of outfitting to make the orbiting outpost ready for its first residents in early November. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 11 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. STS-106 Commander Terry Wilcutt along with Pilot Scott Altman and Mission Specialists Ed Lu, Rick Mastracchio, Dan Burbank, Yuri Malenchenko and Boris Morukov were awakened at 6:46 p.m. this evening to begin their third day of docked operations. The wake up song, The Hukilau Song by Big Kahuna and the Copa Cat Pack, was played for Lu at the request of his sister. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 11 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: Astronaut Ed Lu and cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko took a 6 hour, 14 minute walk outside the shuttle this morning to complete final connections between the International Space Station's newest module, Zvezda and its first component, Zarya.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 12 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. The additional mission day will give Wilcutt, Pilot Scott Altman and Mission Specialists Ed Lu, Rick Mastracchio, Dan Burbank, Yuri Malenchenko and Boris Morukov more time to prepare the orbiting facility for the arrival of the first station crew when it docks to the station in early November. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 13 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. The STS-106 astronauts aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis were awakened just before 7 p.m. Central to begin another day of electrical work and transfer activities as they near the halfway point of docked operations with the International Space Station. With 189 hours, 40 minutes of planned Atlantis-ISS docked time, the halfway point of docked operations will be reached at 11:45 p.m. this evening. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 13 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: Electrical work was the hallmark of the day as four of the mission specialists aboard Atlantis and the International Space Station replaced batteries inside the Zarya and Zvezda modules while supply transfer continued around them.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 14 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. The seven astronauts aboard the Atlantis-International Space Station will soon resume their transfer activities as they start their 5th day of docked operations inside the orbiting facility. As of the start of their workday today, approximately one third of the almost three tons of supplies and equipment have already been moved into the station. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 14 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Astronauts aboard the International Space Station earlier today completed final electrical installations in both the Zvezda and Zarya modules and transferred another station-based experiment to demonstrate control technologies to suppress unwanted vibrations. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 15 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Mastracchio; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: With one full day of docked operations remaining to complete its work on the International Space Station (ISS), the seven-member crew of Space Shuttle Atlantis continued setting up equipment for the station's first inhabitants.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 15 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: The International Space Station got another boost overnight, as STS-106 Commander Terry Wilcutt and Pilot Scott Altman executed another hour-long series of thruster firings designed to raise the station's orbit by several more miles.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 16 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. STS-106 Mission Commander Terry Wilcutt and his crew were awakened at 6:46 p.m. Central to begin their final full day of docked operations with the International Space Station. By the end of their workday on Sunday morning, Atlantis' astronauts will have finished their efforts of making the orbiting facility a home for the arrival of the first permanent residents of the outpost and all of the hatches between Atlantis and the station will have been closed in preparation for the Shuttle's departure on Sunday evening. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 16 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Mastracchio; Morukov; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: In the final hours of docked operations between Atlantis and the International Space Station the seven member crew continued transferring supplies and equipment, including an exercise treadmill, for use by the first resident crew later this year.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 17 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Ross; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Following a successful week of docked operations, the seven astronauts aboard Shuttle Atlantis will depart the International Space Station later this evening, leaving behind the more than three tons (6,600 pounds) of supplies and equipment that was transferred to the orbiting facility. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 17 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. The seven STS-106 astronauts and cosmonauts turned out the lights and closed the doors on a new home in space today after spending a week working as movers, cleaners, plumbers, electricians and cable installers. In all, more than 6,600 pounds of supplies were left behind for use by Expedition crews that will live aboard the International Space Station. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 18 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Having departed the International Space Station last night, Atlantis' crew will now spend a day checking the shuttle's equipment and stowing away gear in preparation for the trip home, aiming for a 2:56 a.m. CDT landing on Wednesday at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 18 - .
2000 September 19 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. The STS-106 astronauts aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis are preparing for their return to Earth with a planned predawn touchdown on the 3-mile long Shuttle Landing Facility runway at the Kennedy Space Center at 2:56 a.m. CDT Wednesday. The forecasted weather for early Wednesday shows essentially favorable conditions with some concern for rain showers in the vicinity of the Florida spaceport. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 19 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Atlantis' crew turned its attention to checking shuttle systems and packing up equipment for the return home scheduled for 2:56 a.m. CDT, Wednesday back at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The weather forecast calls for scattered clouds, a light sea-breeze, and only a slight chance of rain off the coast. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 20 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Burbank; Malenchenko; Mastracchio; Morukov; Wilcutt; Lu. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106. Summary: Atlantis and its seven astronauts swooped to a predawn landing at the Kennedy Space Center Wednesday, wrapping up a mission to prepare the initial living quarters of the International Space Station for its first residents.. Additional Details: here....

2000 September 20 - .
2001 February 18 - .
2002 March 1 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. The crew of Columbia was awakened for its first full day in space at 8:22 p.m. CST with the song "Blue Telescope" by John Hiatt. In its morning mail, the crew received news that mission managers are optimistic the full mission will go forward as planned in spite of low flow in a shuttle cooling line. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 1 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: Following Columbia's on-time launch from the Kennedy Space Center this morning, flight controllers in Mission Control noticed a degraded flow rate in one of two freon cooling loops that help to dissipate heat from the orbiter.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 1 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: With the Hubble Space Telescope orbiting high overhead, the shuttle Columbia lifted off this morning on a complex mission to replace and upgrade key telescope systems through five challenging spacewalks.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 1 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-109.
  • STS-109 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Newman; Massimino. Payload: Columbia F27. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Newman; Massimino. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-109. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 10.92 days. Decay Date: 2002-03-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 27388 . COSPAR: 2002-010A. Apogee: 578 km (359 mi). Perigee: 486 km (301 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Hubble Servicing Mission 3B. STS-109 main engine cutoff came at 1130 UTC with Columbia in a 55 x 574 km x 28.5 deg transfer orbit. The OMS-2 burn at about 1207 UTC raised perigee to about 195 km. There was a problem with a freon cooling loop on the Orbiter, but it wasn't quite bad enough to affect the mission. The Hubble Space Telescope closed its aperture door on March 2 in preparation for the rendezvous. Columbia got within 100m of HST by 0852 UTC on March 3 and grappled it with the RMS at 0931 UTC. HST was berthed on the FSS in Columbia's payload bay by 1032 UTC.

    In the course of five spacewalks, the crew installed new equipment on HST. This was the first flight of Columbia since the launch of Chandra in 1999 following refurbishment. In the first two spacewalks, two new solar arrays were installed, and the two old arrays stowed on the RAC carrier. The RWA-1R reaction wheel assembly on the MULE carrier replaced the faltering RWA-1 in the telescope. The third spacewalk was the most difficult, as HST was entirely powered down while astronauts replaced its power controller unit, not designed for on-orbit replacement. On the fourth spacewalk the astronauts removed the European FOC camera, aboard HST since launch in 1990, and replaced it with the new ACS (Advanced Camera for Surveys). They also installed the CASH wire harness, part of the aft shroud cooling system. On the final spacewalk, the astronauts installed the NCS (NICMOS cooling system) cryocooler in the aft shround and the associated NCS radiator on the telescope's exterior. The NICMOS infrared camera had been idle since its original thermal control system failed. With the removal of FOC, the COSTAR device (which deployed contact lenses for the original instruments) became obsolete, since the newer instruments made the corrections to the incorrect HST mirror internally. Cargo manifest:

    • Middeck:4 EMU spacesuits - 480 kg
    • Bay 4: RAC (Rigid Array Carrier) - 2393 kg. The RAC carried the two folded SA-III rigid solar arrays which replaced the SA-II roll-up arrays. It calso carried the DBA2 diode box assembly which controlled the arrays, and a wire harness and containers associated with the NICMOS cooling system.
    • Bay 7-8: SAC (Second Axial Carrier) - 2517 kg. The SAC was a specially designed pallet that flew on the first two Hubble SM flights, STS-61 and STS-82. On this flight it carried the ACS camera up (and the FOS camera down) as well as the NCS cryocooler, the PCU-R power controller, the CASH wire harness, and the thermal covers used in the PCU replacement.
    • Bay 11: FSS (Flight Support System) - 2111 kg. The FSS first flew on STS 41-C (the Solar Max Repair) and was reused for each of the HST SM flights. It carried the BAPS Berthing and Positioning System, which was the docking ring for HST. Stowed on the FSS were a support post for BAPS and a cover for the HST low gain antenna.
    • Bay 12: MULE (Multi-Use Lightweight Equipment Carrier) - 1409 kg. The MULE carried the NCS radiator, the NCS electronics support module, and the RWA-1R reaction wheel unit. MULE first flew on STS-48 carrying the UARS satellite, and then on STS-95 carrying the HOST payload which tested out the NCS.
    • Sill: RMS arm No 201 - 410 kg

2002 March 2 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: As Columbia's crew completed preparations today for the capture of the Hubble Space Telescope, mission managers confirmed that a degraded shuttle cooling system will pose no problems for Columbia's flight.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 2 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: To the theme of "Mission Impossible," Columbia's astronauts awakened this morning to the news that all systems are go for their mission, a week characterized as the most challenging flight ever to maintain and upgrade the Hubble Space Telescope.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 3 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: The Hubble Space Telescope is secure in Columbia's payload bay following its capture at 3:31 a.m. central time today, as the two spacecraft soared 350 miles above the Pacific Ocean southwest of the Mexican Coast.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 3 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. The crew of the space shuttle Columbia awoke for its first spacewalking day in orbit to "Five Variations on Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star," performed by Jeno Jando. It was played for John Grunsfeld. Spacewalkers Grunsfeld and Rick Linnehan will step out into space for the first time during this mission at about 12:30 a.m. tomorrow morning. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 4 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Rested and ready for another day of spacewalking, the crew of the space shuttle Columbia was awakened at 7:53 p.m. by the children's song "Floating in the Bathtub," by Tonya Evetts Weimer. It was played for Jim Newman who is to step out into space for the second spacewalk of this mission at about 12:30 a.m. Tuesday. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 5 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: Columbia's crew is preparing tonight for the third space walk of the mission, a complex, seven-hour excursion that will include the unprecedented step of turning off the Hubble Space Telescope to replace the heart of its power system.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 5 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: The crew of Columbia completed the second of five planned spacewalks this morning with the successful installation of a new port solar array and a new Reaction Wheel Assembly (RWA) on the Hubble Space Telescope.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 6 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: With a new heart beating strong and new power generating arrays ready to convert sunlight into energy, the Hubble Space Telescope is poised for Columbia's astronauts to improve its vision.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 7 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: Following today's successful installation of the new Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) on the Hubble Space Telescope, scientists will be able to see farther into our universe and with greater clarity and speed than ever before.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 7 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. The crew of the space shuttle Columbia will give Hubble a way to open one of its slumbering eyes during the fifth and final scheduled spacewalk of this mission. An experimental cooling system will be installed on a camera that has been dormant since 1999 in hopes of bringing it back to life. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 8 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. TThe crew of the space shuttle Columbia completed the last of its five ambitious spacewalks this morning with the successful installation of an experimental cooling system for Hubble's Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS). The NICMOS has been dormant since January 1999 when its original coolant ran out. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 8 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: Columbia's crew is preparing to bid a rejuvenated Hubble Space Telescope farewell following five days of spacewalks that have updated and enhanced the world's greatest observatory.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 9 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: "Good luck Mr. Hubble," was the call from on board Columbia this morning as the newly rejuvenated telescope was released from the grasp of the shuttle's robotic arm at 4:04 a.m. central time today.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 9 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Bursch; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman; Onufrienko; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. After five days of successful spacewalks to rejuvenate the Hubble Space Telescope, the crew of Columbia will enjoy a Sunday off. The crew was awakened at 8:50 p.m. CST Saturday by "Fly Me to the Moon" by Frank Sinatra. The song was played for Commander Scott "Scooter" Altman. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 10 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. Summary: After a day off and a good night's rest, the seven-member crew of Columbia will focus on the end of a mission featuring five successful spacewalks to upgrade the Hubble Space Telescope.. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 12 - .
  • STS-109 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman; Carey; Currie; Grunsfeld; Linnehan; Massimino; Newman; Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4; STS-109. The space shuttle Columbia landed at Kennedy Space Center early Tuesday after a 10-day, 22-hour and 10-minute mission to upgrade the Hubble Space Telescope. Columbia astronauts conducted five successful spacewalks during their STS-109 mission to improve the orbiting observatory. Additional Details: here....

2002 March 12 - .
2009 May 11 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-125 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Altman; Johnson, Gregory C; Good; McArthur, Megan; Grunsfeld; Massimino; Feustel. Payload: Atlantis F30 /. Mass: 119,820 kg (264,150 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Hubble. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-125; ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 12.90 days. Decay Date: 2009-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 34933 . COSPAR: 2009-025A. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Hubble Servicing Mission SM-4. Atlantis rendezvoused with the Hubble space observatory, grappled it with the RMS arm, and secured it in the payload bay at 18:12 GMT on 13 May. After repairs and upgrades over four EVA's, the satellite was released at 12:57 GMT on 19 May. Atlantis landed at Edwards AFB at 15:39 GMT on 24 May.

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