Allen, Joseph Percival IV 'Joe'
(1937-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-5, STS-51-A.
Total EVA Time: 0.51 days. Number of EVAs: 2.
Official NASA Biography - 1997
NAME: Joseph P. Allen (Ph.D.)
NASA Astronaut (former)
PERSONAL DATA: Born in Crawfordsville, Indiana, on June
27, 1937. Married to the former Bonnie Jo Darling of Elkhart, Indiana. They have
a son and a daughter. Recreational interests include handball, squash, flying,
sailing, skiing, music, and photography. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph P.
Allen III, reside in Frankfort, Indiana. Her mother, Mrs. W. C. Darling, resides
in Elkhart, Indiana.
EDUCATION: Attended Mills School and is a graduate of
Crawfordsville High School in Indiana; received a bachelor of arts degree in
math-physics from DePauw University in 1959, and a master of science degree and
a doctor of philosophy degree in physics from Yale University in 1961 and 1965,
ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the American Physical Society,
the American Astronautical Society, the American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Phi Beta
Kappa, Beta Theta Pi, Sigma Xi, and Phi Eta Sigma.
SPECIAL HONORS: Winner of a Fulbright Scholarship to
Germany (1959-1960), the Outstanding Flying Award, Class 69-06, Vance Air Force
Base (1969), two NASA Group Achievement Awards (1971and 1974) in recognition of
contributions to the Apollo 15 Lunar Traverse Planning Team and for subsequent
work on the Outlook for Space Study Team; presented the 1972 Yale Science and
Engineering Association Award for Advancement of Basic and Applied Science, the
DePauw University Distinguished Alumnus Award (1972), a NASA Exceptional
Scientific Achievement Medal (1973), a NASA exceptional Service Medal (1978),
and a NASA Superior Performance Award (1975 and 1981), and honorary doctor of
science from DePauw University (1983), and the Komarov Diploma from the
Federation Aeronautique Internationale
EXPERIENCE: Allen was a research associate in the
Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington prior to his
selection as an astronaut. He was a staff physicist at the Nuclear Structure
Laboratory at Yale University in 1965 and 1966, and during the period 1963 to
1967, served as a guest research associate at the Brookhaven National
He has logged more than 3,000 hours flying time in jet aircraft.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Dr. Allen was selected as a
scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967. He completed flight training at
Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma. He served as mission scientist while a member of
the astronaut support crew for Apollo 15 and served as a staff consultant on
science and technology to the President's Council on International Economic
From August 1975 to 1978, Dr. Allen served as NASA Assistant Administrator for
Legislative Affairs in Washington, D.C. Returning to the Johnson Space Center in
1978, as a senior scientist astronaut, Dr. Allen was assigned to the Operations
Mission Development Group. He served as a support crew member for the first
orbital flight test of the Space Transportation System and was the entry CAPCOM
for this mission. In addition, in 1980 and 1981, he worked as the technical
assistant to the director of flight operations. He was a mission specialist on
STS-5 (November 11-16, 1982) and STS-51A (November 8-16,1984) and has logged a
total of 314 hours in space. He left NASA in 1985.
Dr. Allen is currently Chief Executive Officer of Space Industries
International, Inc., 800 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 1111, Washington, D.C.
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-5 was the first fully
operational flight of the Shuttle Transportation System, which launched from
Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 11, 1982. The crew aboard Columbia
included Vance D. Brand (spacecraft commander), Col. Robert F. Overmyer (pilot),
and Dr. William B. Lenoir (mission specialist). STS-5, the first mission with a
crew of four, clearly demonstrated the Space Shuttle as fully operational by the
successful first deployment of two commercial communications satellites from the
Orbiter's payload bay. The mission also marked the first use of the Payload
Assist Module (PAM-D), and its new ejection system. Numerous flight tests were
performed throughout the mission to document Shuttle performance during launch,
boost, orbit, atmospheric entry and landing phases. STS-5 was the last flight to
carry the Development Flight Instrumentation (DFI) package to support flight
testing. A Getaway Special, three Student Involvement Projects, and medical
experiments were included on the mission. The crew successfully concluded the
5-day orbital flight of Columbia with the first entry and landing through a
cloud deck to a hard-surface runway and demonstrated maximum braking. STS-5
completed 81 orbits of the Earth in 122 hours before landing on a concrete
runway at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on November 16, 1982.
STS-51A Discovery , which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on
November 8, 1984. The crew aboard Discovery included Captain Frederick (Rick)
Hauck (spacecraft commander), Captain David M. Walker (pilot), and fellow
mission specialists, Dr. Anna L. Fisher and Commander Dale H. Gardner. This was
the second flight of Space Shuttle Discovery. During the mission the crew
deployed two satellites, Canada's Anik D-2 (Telsat H) and Hughes' LEASAT-1 (Syncome
IV-1), and operated the 3M Company's Diffusive Mixing of Organic Solutions
experiment. In the first space salvage attempt in history the crew successfully
retrieved for return to Earth the Palapa B-2 and Westar VI communications
satellites. STS-51A completed 127 orbits of the Earth in 192 hours before
landing at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 16, 1984.
Birth Place: Crawfordsville, Indiana.
More... - Chronology...
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 13.08 days.
NASA Group 6 - 1967 Requirement: additional scientist-astronauts for Apollo lunar landing and earth-orbit space station missions. Nickname: The Excess Eleven. More...
Apollo 18 Crew: Gordon, Brand, Schmitt. Apollo 18 was originally planned in July 1969 to land in the moon's Schroter's Valley, a riverlike channel-way. The original February 1972 landing date was extended when NASA cancelled the Apollo 20 mission in January 1970.Support crew: Allen, Henize, Parker. More...
STS-5 Crew: Allen, Brand, Lenoir, Overmyer. First operational STS mission, first commercial communications satellites deployed, firstfour-person spacecraft crew. EVA cancelled because one astronaut was vomiting so severely due to space sickness. More...
STS-41-H Crew: Hauck, Walker Dave, Allen, Fisher, Gardner, Casserino, Payton. Planned Department of Defense or TDRS deployment shuttle mission. Cancelled due to IUS failure. Backup crew: Joseph. More...
STS-51-A Crew: Allen, Fisher, Gardner, Hauck, Walker Dave. Manned five crew. First retrieval of two satellites (Palapa B-2 and Westar Vl) for return to earth. Deployed Anik D2, Leasat 2. More...
STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...
NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
1967 August 4 -
- NASA Astronaut Training Group 6 selected. - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allen; Chapman; England; Henize; Holmquest; Lenoir; Llewellyn; Musgrave; O Leary; Parker; Thornton, Bill. The group was selected to provide additional scientist-astronauts for Apollo lunar landing and earth-orbit space station missions.. Qualifications: Doctorate in natural sciences, medicine, or engineering. Under 35 years old, under 183 cm height, excellent health. US citizen or willing to become a naturalized citizen.. In response to the poor result of the first scientist-astronaut selection, NASA went ahead with a second round of selections. 923 people applied, of which 69 selected by the National Academy of Sciences for NASA physical and mental evaluation. By the time the new astronauts reported, ambitious Apollo Applications plans had been scrapped, leading to their nickname 'The Excess Eleven'. Seven stayed on through the 1970's and finally got to fly aboard the space shuttle.
1973 July -
- Apollo 18 (cancelled) - .
Crew: Gordon; Brand; Schmitt. Support Crew: Allen; Henize; Parker. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gordon; Brand; Schmitt; Allen; Henize; Parker. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 18. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. The most likely landing site was the crater Gassendi. Before the cancellation, astronaut-geologist Schmitt was pressing for a more ambitious landing in Tycho or the lunar farside. NASA cancelled Apollo 18 and 19 on 2 September 1970 because of congressional cuts in FY 1971 NASA appropriations. Pressure from the scientific community resulted in geologist Schmitt flying on Apollo 17, the last lunar mission, bumping Joe Engle from the lunar module pilot slot.
1982 November 11 -
12:19 GMT - .
: Cape Canaveral
. Launch Complex
: Cape Canaveral LC39A
. LV Family
. Launch Vehicle
. LV Configuration
: Space Shuttle STS-5.
- STS-5 - .
Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Allen; Brand; Lenoir; Overmyer. Payload: Columbia F05 / SBS 3 [PAM-D] / Anik C3 [PAM-D]. Mass: 14,551 kg (32,079 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allen; Brand; Lenoir; Overmyer. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-5. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 5.09 days. Decay Date: 1982-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13650 . COSPAR: 1982-110A. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 294 km (182 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Manned four crew. First mission to deploy commercial communications satellites (SBS 3, Anik C3). Payloads: : Satellite Business Systems (SBS)-C with Payload Assist ; (PAM)-D; Telesat-E (Canadian communications satellite) with PAM-D. Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES), three getaway specials (GAS), Student experiments, GLOW experiment, Vestibular experiment, Oxygen Interaction With Materials experiment.
1982 November 16 -
1984 September -
1984 November 8 -
12:15 GMT - .
: Cape Canaveral
. Launch Complex
: Cape Canaveral LC39A
. LV Family
. Launch Vehicle
. LV Configuration
: Space Shuttle STS-19/51-A.
- STS-51-A - .
Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Allen; Fisher; Gardner; Hauck; Walker, Dave. Payload: Discovery F02 / PLT. Mass: 20,550 kg (45,300 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allen; Fisher; Gardner; Hauck; Walker, Dave. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-A. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 7.99 days. Decay Date: 1984-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 15382 . COSPAR: 1984-113A. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Manned five crew. First retrieval of two satellites (PALAPA B-2 and WESTAR Vl) for return to earth. Deployed Anik D2, Leasat 2; recovered Westar 6, Palapa B2. Payloads: Telesat (Canada communications satellite)-H with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D deploy-ment, Syncom IV-1 communications satellite deployment with its unique stage, retrieval of PALAPA B-2 and WESTAR VI communications satellites with PAM-D which failed to ignite on the STS-41-B mission. Manned maneuvering unit (MMU) used for retrieval. Diffusive Mixing of Organic Solutions (DMOS) experiment.
1984 November 12 -
13:25 GMT - .
- EVA STS-51-A-1 - .
Crew: Allen; Gardner. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allen; Gardner. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-A. Spacecraft: Discovery. Summary: Retrieved Palapa satellite..
1984 November 14 -
- EVA STS-51-A-2 - .
Crew: Allen; Gardner. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allen; Gardner. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-A. Spacecraft: Discovery. Summary: Retrieved Westar satellite..
1984 November 16 -
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