Encyclopedia Astronautica
Solid Propellant Tables


Solid propellant tables by Andre Bedard.

Calculated Variation In Adiabatic Combustion Temperature
For An Oxygen Reaction With Certain Elements
As Reported By Grosse

oxidizer~2
Atomic NumberAtomic WeightElementTemperature of Combustion deg RHeating Number Value BTU/LB
1~1hydrogen~5,400~52
2~4heliuminert
3~7lithium~4,700~18
4~9beryllium~7,900~28
5~10boron~5,400~26
6~12carbon~3,700~14
7~14nitrogen~( 2,200)quasi-inert with O
8~16oxygen..........oxidizer
9~19fluorine..........oxidizer
10~20neon..........inert
11~23sodium~3,800~4
12~24magnesium~6,100~11
13~27aluminum~7,000~13
14~28silicium~4,600~12
15~31phosphorus~(2,400)~11
16~32sulphur~(1,800)~4
17~35chlorine~(400)oxidizer
18~40argon..........inert
19~39potassium~3,100~2
20~40calcium~6,900~7
21~45scandium~7,100~8
22~48titanium~6,000~9
23~51vanadium~6,000~7
24~52chromium~6,000~6
25~55manganese~6,200~5
26~56iron~5,500~4
27~59cobalt~(4,300)~3
28~59nickel~(3,000)~2
29~64copper~2,200~1
30~65zinc~4,000~3
31~70gallium~4,900~3
32~73germanium~5,600~3
33~75arsenic~(3,000)~3
34~79selenium~(1,700)~3
35~80bromine~(400)
36~84krypton~.......inert
37~85rubidium~2,900~1
38~88strontium~6,400~2
39~89yttrium~7,400~3
40~91zirconium~8,700~4
41~93niobium~7,300~3
42~96molybdenum~5,500~2
43~99technetium~........~1
44~101rubidium~........~1
45~103rhodium~........~1
46~106palladium~1,300..~1
47~108silver~1,200~1
48~112cadmium~3,100~1
49~115indium~4,100~1
50~119tin~4,900~2,5
51~122antimony~3,100~2
52~128tellurium..........~2
53~127iodine..........~1
54~131xenon..........inert
55~133cesium~2,700~1
56~137barium~5,400 
57 to 71 : rare earths
72~178hafnium~8,700 
73~181tantalum~(7,600) 
74~184tungsten~5,800 
75~186rhenium~(4,000) 
76~190osmium~(1,800) 
77~193iridium~(1,400) 
78~195platinum~800 
79~197gold~600 
80~201mercury~1,000 
81~204thallium~(2,000) 
82~207lead~3,200 
83~209bismuth~3,600 
84~210polonium~(2,100) 
85~210astatine~(1,000) 
86~222radon.........inert
87~223francium~2,400 
88~226radium~4,500 
89~227actinium~7,000 
90~232thorium~9,000 

Some double-base propellant compositions:

J.P. powder:
Nitrocellulose(13.25%N2): 52.2%
Nitroglycerin: 43.0%
Diethyl phthalate: 3.0%
Diphenylamine: 0.6%
Potassium Nitrate(saltpeter): 1.1%
Nigrosine: 0.1%

J.P.N. powder:
Nitrocellulose(13.25%N2): 51.50%
Nitroglycerin: 43.00%
Diethyl phthalate: 3.00%
Ethyl centralite: 1.00%
Potassium sulfate: 1.25%
Carbon black: 0.20%
Candelilla wax: 0.05%

Slow burning powder:
Nitrocellulose(12.2%N2): 56.5%
Nitroglycerin: 28.5%
Dinitrotoluene: 11.0%
Ethyl centralite: 4.4%
Candelilla wax: 0.1%

---------------------------------------------------
Relative value of Specific Impulse:
Black powder:-----------------------~125 sec.
Double-base:------------------------~200 sec.
Cellulose acetate+ammonium nitrate: ~175 sec.
Asphalt+ammonium perchlorate:-------~180 sec.
Polysulfide+ ":---------------------~200 sec.
Polyurethane+":---------------------~225-230 sec.
Polybutadiene+ ":-------------------~230-235 sec.
Polyurethane+ Aluminum + " :--------~240 sec.
Polybutadiene+ Aluminum + ":--------~245 sec.
PBAA + Aluminum + ":----------------~250 sec.
Composite/double-base:--------------~275 sec.
---------------------------------------------------

List Of Ingredients Used In Double-Base Propellants


Plasticizer (Fuel And Oxidizer) --NG: nitroglycerin --TMETN: trimethylolethane trinitrate --TEGDN: triethylene glycol dinitrate --DEGDN: diethylene glycol dinitrate
Plasticizer (Fuel) --DEP: diethylphtalate --TA: triacetine --PU: polyurethane
Binder (Fuel And Oxidizer) --NC: nitrocellulose
Stabilizer --EC: ethyl centralite --2NDPA: 2-nitrodiphenilamine
Burning Rate Catalyst --PbSa: lead salicylate --PbSt: lead stearate --Pb2EH: lead 2-ethylhexoate --CuSa: copper salicylate --CuSt: copper stearate --LiF: lithium fluoride
High Energy Additive --RDX: cyclotrimethylene trinitramine --HMX: cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine --NGD: nitroguanidine
Coolant --OXM: oxamide
Opacifier --C: carbon black
Flame Supressant --KNO3: potassium nitrate (saltpeter) --K2SO4: potassium sulfate
Metal Fuel --Al: aluminum
Combustion Instability Suppressant --Al: aluminum --Zr: zirconium --ZrC: zirconium carbide

List Of Ingredients Used For Composite Propellants
Oxidizer
--AP: ammonium perchlorate
--AN: ammonium nitrate
--NP: nitronium perchlorate
--KP: potassium perchlorate
--RDX: cyclotrimethylene trinitramine
--HMX: cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine

Binder
--PS: polysulfide
--PVC: polyvinyl chloride
--PU: polyurethane
--CTPB: carboxyl terminated polybutadiene
--HTPB: hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene

Curing And/Or Crosslinking Agents
--PQD: paraquinone dioxime
--TDI: toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
--MAPO: tris(1-(2-methyl) aziridinyl) phosphine oxide
--ERLA-O51O: N,N,O-tri (1,2-epoxy propyl)-4-aminophenol
--IPDI: isophorone diiosocyanate

Bonding Agent
--MAPO: tris( 1-(2-methyl) aziridinyl) phosphine oxide
--TEA: triethanolamine
--MT-4: adduct of 2.0 moles MAPO, 0.7 mole azipic acid,
………and 0.3 mole tararic acid

Plasticizer
--DOA: dioctyl adipate
--IDP: isodecyl pelargonete
--DOP: dioctyl phthalate

Burning Rate Catalyst
--Fe2O3: ferric oxide
--FeO(OH): hydrated ferric oxide
--nBF: n-butyl ferrocene
--DnBF: di-n-butyl ferrocene
--LiF: lithium fluoride

Metal Fuel
--Al: aluminum
--Mg: magnesium
--Be: beryllium
--B: boron

Combustion Instability Suppressant
--Al: aluminum
--Zr: zirconium
--ZrC: zirconium carbide

THERMOPLASTIC BINDERS

Binder Oxidiser Agency Process

Plasticised 50/50 KNO2/Ammonium Monsanto Compression Picrate Formed Ethyl Cellulose

Polyisobutylene British Compression Formed

Polyvinyl Acetate Ammonium Nitrate Still Limited Use

Polyvinyl Chloride Mix, cast, high temp

THERMOSET BINDERS

Polyester Ammonium Perchlorate Aerojet Cast, cure, cartridge load Potassium Perchlorate (Aeroplex)

Polysulfide Ammonium Perchlorate JPL/Thiokol Cast in case /case bonded

Butadiene Ammonium Nitrate Phillips Petroleum Extruded-cartridge

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