Encyclopedia Astronautica
Index


A Brief History of the HARP Project.
  • Richard K Graf's account of the Canadian 1960's project to launch satellites from a 16 inch gun...

A Rocket a Day Keeps the High Costs Away.

  • John Walker's classic 'modest proposal' to reduce launch costs.

ABM Treaty.

  • The text of the ABM Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, which limited deployment of anti-ballistic missile systems to two sites in each country.

Aelita.

  • Soviet Expeditions to the Red Planet

Almaz.

  • Almaz Phase plans and flights - plus complete Almaz technical description!

Apollo Spacecraft Systems Development Diaries.

  • Detailed chronologies of development of Apollo spacecraft systems, arranged by system and configuration.....

Astronaut Statistics.

  • The right stuff - Who's flown the most hours in space? Who's the fastest man alive?

Believing in 'Buck Rogers'.

  • Bill Gerken's memoir of a 'space cadet' of an earlier generation...

Beyond the Vapor Trails.

  • Don Estabrook's contemporary account of operating the V-2 from White Sands.

Black Powder Solid Propellants.

  • The detailed chemistry and development of black powder propellants by Andre Bedard.

Buran!.

  • The full history of the Buran shuttle, the largest space project ever mounted in the Soviet Union.

By Gemini to the Moon!.

  • The Gusmobile might have gotten on the moon faster, quicker, cheaper (but not better...)

CD-ROM!.

  • The Encyclopedia Astronautica is not available on CD-ROM...

Celebrating Gagarin's Anniversary.

  • James Oberg remembers Yuri

Chertok's Memoirs.

  • Summary of a principal source in Soviet space history

China.

  • The amazing history of rocket and space development in China.

China's Space Activities.

  • The official short and long range plan for the Chinese Space Program as of November 2000.

Chinese Manned Space Program: Behind Closed Doors.

  • Ed Grondine's account of China's 'Long March' to an independent manned space capability.

CIA's National Intelligence Estimate 11-1-67.

  • Updated version of NIE 11-1-67, obtained by Peter Pesavento, with most earlier redactions removed.

CIA's National Intelligence Estimate of March 1967.

  • What did the US know about Soviet lunar plans? This annotated version of the CIA's National Intelligence Estimate of March 1967 compares what the CIA expected to happen with what the Soviets expected at the same time...

CIA's National Intelligence Estimates.

  • What did the US know about Soviet missile and space plans and when did they know it?

Composite Solid Propellants.

  • The detailed chemistry and development of composite solid propellants by Andre Bedard.

Conditions of Use for Material from this Site.

  • Obtaining permission for use of materials from astronautix.com

Contact.

  • Contact the Encyclopedia Astronautica

Contacting Astronauts and Cosmonauts.

  • Leads on getting in touch with astronauts.

Cost, Price, and the Whole Darn Thing.

  • Why the cost of a space launch vehicle has little if any relation to the launch price.

Countdown to the Launch of Shenzhou-5.

  • Log of events and links to information on China's first manned spaceflight

Data Downloads!.

  • Data on astronauts, manned flights, rockets, engines, and more!

Double Base Solid Propellants.

  • The detailed chemistry and development of double base propellants by Andre Bedard.

Energia - The Decision.

  • Summary of the meeting of the Soviet Military-Industrial Commission on 13 August 1974 - in which the fate of the N1 was sealed and the decision process leading to Energia-Buran was begun...

Energia!.

  • Out of date article on development of Energia launch vehicle (ca. 1988).

Engine Specifications - Definition of Terms.

  • What do all those technical terms mean?

First Generation Soviet Space Systems.

  • First Generation Soviet Space Systems

Geezers in Space!.

  • The first private citizen in space was also the oldest pilot... coincidence?

Gemini Technical Description.

  • Gemini Pyrotechnic Systems and Fabrication Details

German Civilian Rocketry.

  • German enthusiasts laid the technical groundwork for the exploration of space in the 1920's and early 1930's. Attempts to revive civilian rocketry in Germany after World War II were stopped on political grounds.

German Diaspora.

  • German Diaspora

Giant UFO Over Two Continents.

  • James Oberg's classic piece, reissued on the 20th anniversary of the Soviet rocket launch that sparked UFO panics in Russia and South America

High Flight.

If the Sun Dies.

  • Ray Bradbury's peroration to spaceflight as recounted by Oriana Fallaci.

Inside Baikonur.

  • James Oberg's account of a visit to the long-secret Baikonur cosmodrome.

Kamanin Diaries.

  • Summary of a principal source in Soviet space history

Key Meetings in Soviet Spaceflight.

  • The key meetings, the main decisions that led to the Soviet loss of the moon race and shuttle race.

Korolev, Chelomei, and Glushko - A Work In Progress.

  • Unfinished story on the struggle between the Russian chief designers.

L1 Launch Windows.

  • The simple constraint on L1 launch dates.

Links.

  • Selection of links to other Internet sites of value...

Location of Russian Manned Spacecraft.

  • Where you can see flown and unflown Russian manned spacecraft...

Manned Space Firsts.

  • Who did what when ? -- a list of manned space firsts...

Many Thanks!.

  • Contributors and acknowledgements.

Mature First Generation Soviet Space Systems.

  • Mature First Generation Soviet Space Systems

Max Faget: Master Builder.

  • James Oberg's tribute to the 'American Korolev'...

Mercury & Gemini Spacecraft Systems Development Diaries.

  • Detailed chronologies of development of Mercury & Gemini spacecraft systems, arranged by system and configuration.....

Moon Race!.

  • Side-by-side chronology of the major events of the race to the moon.

Outer Space Treaty.

  • The Outer Space Treaty prohibited deployment of nuclear weapons in space.

Phantoms of Space.

  • James Oberg's classic debunking of all those 'dead cosmonaut' stories.

Project Orion: Its Life, Death, and Possible Rebirth.

  • 20,000 tonne Mars Expeditions Using Atom Bomb Propulsion - We could have sent whole cities there by 1970 - the classic web article, by Michael Flora

Recommended.

  • Books that should be on your bookshelf...

Road to the Stars.

  • One man in Russia filmed the future - before Sputnik! Did Kubrick copy his work?

Russian Designations.

  • Designations of Russian ballistic missiles, launch vehicles, and spacecraft.

Russian Federation Space Systems.

  • Russian Federation Space Systems

Russia's Space Program: Running On Empty.

  • Part 2 of James Oberg's grim account of the fate of the Russian space program

Search.

  • Search the Encyclpedia Astronautica...

Second Generation Soviet Space Systems.

  • Second Generation Soviet Space Systems

Shenzhou - Divine Military Vessel.

  • As the first Chinese astronauts rocket into orbit, their main concern will be completion of an ambitious programme of military experiments.

Shenzhou 6 FAQ!.

  • Quick facts on the Shenzhou 6 mission.

Shenzhou-5 - Quick Facts.

  • Trivia and quick facts about the Shenzhou manned spacecraft

Skylab's Untimely Fate.

  • James Oberg tells the sad story of how the United States abandoned the largest space station ever built and spent a quarter century trying to regain the capability.

Solid Propellant Tables.

  • Solid propellant tables by Andre Bedard.

Soviet Conquest from Space.

  • The story of Soviet space stations in Earth orbit - Korolev's star wars of 1963!

Soviet Manned Lunar Projects.

  • The failed Soviet lunar program, and the follow-on lunar base projects that came to nothing.

Soviet Mars Propulsion - Nuclear Electric.

  • Soviet Mars Propulsion - Nuclear Electric

Soviet Mars Propulsion - Nuclear Thermal.

  • Soviet Mars Propulsion - Nuclear Thermal

Soviet Space History.

  • The previously unrevealed history of the Soviet space program...

Soviet Space History - Era of the Chief Designers.

  • Era of the Chief Designers

Soviet Space History at a Glance.

Soviet Space Quality Assurance.

  • Soviet Space Quality Assurance

Soviet Space Secrets.

  • James Oberg lists those secrets remaining to be disclosed...

Soviet Space System Development Process.

  • Soviet Space System Development Process

Soviet Space Tracking Systems.

  • Soviet Space Tracking Systems

Soviets Recovered an Apollo Capsule!.

  • The truth only emerged 32 years later - the Soviets recovered an Apollo space capsule in 1970...

SOYUZ!.

  • Out-of-date article -the development of the Soyuz spacecraft, as known in 1987.

Space Cadet.

  • The future that never was...

Spaced Out.

  • Spaceflight is dangerous and unforgiving, which is all the more reason for the astronauts to seek relief in humour...

Sputnik Plus 50.

  • The real story of the race to space

Stars My Destination.

Taming the Fire.

  • The story of the making of the 1972 Soviet film that took viewers inside the life of Sergei Korolev and the Baikonur cosmonaut -- they thought! As of August 2011 this movie could be viewed on youtube at ????????? ???? / 1972.

The Foundations of the Space Age.

  • The life and work of Tsiolkovskiy, by Vladimir V. Lytkin, Tsiolkovskiy Museum, Kaluga.

The Hard Road to Space.

  • One third of manned spaceflights suffer major problems that threaten completion of the mission and the life of the astronauts. Five crews - 2% of missions - have perished in their spacecraft....SPACEFLIGHT IS NOT 'ROUTINE'.

The Nedelin Catastrophe.

  • James Oberg's classic account of the greatest disaster in space history.

The Podsadka Problem.

  • What was the secret configuration of the L1 spacecraft?

The Real Moon Landing Hoax.

  • How the Soviet Union fooled the world into believing it wasn't in the moon race.

The Space Explorers.

  • A curious marriage of pre-war German filmmaking and 1950's low-rent kiddie show syndicated quickies…

The Wrong Stuff - A Catalogue of Launch Vehicle Failures.

  • The hard road to space...

The Year in Review - 2004.

  • It's got to get worse before it can get better...

The Year in Space - 2005.

  • It got better...

The Year in Space - 2006.

  • Space rebounds!

Third Generation Soviet Space Systems.

  • Third Generation Soviet Space Systems

This Day in Space History.

  • Find out what happened on this day in space history...

Treaty - ABM.

  • The text of the ABM Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, which limited deployment of anti-ballistic missile systems to two sites in each country.

Treaty - INF.

  • The text of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, which banned intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe.

Treaty - Outer Space.

  • The text of the Outer Space Treaty, which prohibited deployment of nuclear weapons in space.

Treaty - SALT 1.

  • The text of the SALT-1 Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, which stopped the growth in US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaty - SALT 2.

  • The second part of the text of the SALT-2 Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, which cut back the US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaty - Start 1.

  • The second part of the text of the START-1 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, which further cut back the US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Treaty - Start 2.

  • The text of the START-2 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, which further cut back the US/Soviet intercontinental-range nuclear weapons arsenals

Trouble In Star City.

  • James Oberg's prescient account of the beginning of the end - or the end of the beginning - of the Soviet space industry

Was the Soyuz Design Stolen?.

  • There was something awfully familiar looking about the Soyuz spacecraft, the most successful in history....

What did the CIA know and when did they know it?.

  • Fifty years of declassified American National Intelligence Estimates, compared to what we now know was really happening in Soviet programs...

Why did the Soviet Union lose the Moon Race?.

  • The reasons the Americans were first on the moon, as given by the major Soviet participants.

Women of Space.

  • Links to the biographies of female conquerors of space!

Your Flight Has Been Cancelled.....

  • Is what might have been better than what was?

More... - Chronology...

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