Encyclopedia Astronautica
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1935 Chronology

During 1935 - . LV Family: German Rocketplanes. Launch Vehicle: Me-163.
  • Me-163 rocket engine development begins. - . Nation: Germany.

    There was no interest within the German Aviation Ministry at that time in rocket engines as primary propulsion for a combat aircraft. Due to the rocket engine's high fuel consumption, it was seen as only useful in providing Jet Assisted Takeoff for conventional propeller aircraft.


1935 January 4 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Eric Money - . Nation: Canada. Related Persons: Money. Canadian physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1992..

1935 January 7 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kubasov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6, Soyuz 19 (ASTP), Salyut 6 EP-5. Flew in first docking mission between American and Soviet spacecraft. Missed two chances to be first engineer on a Soviet space station (Cosmos 557 and Soyuz 11)..

1935 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Viktorovich Aksyonov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Aksyonov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 22, Salyut 6 EP-6..

1935 February 15 - .
  • Birth of Dr Roger Bruce Chaffee - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chaffee. American pilot astronaut, 1963-1967..

1935 February 16 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.20 km (0.12 mi). Rocket had no automatic guiding device; short and rapid flight, during which the parachute was released and checked the fall..

March 1935 - .
  • GALCIT lecture on rocket-propelled aircraft. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Saenger.

    At one of the weekly GALCIT seminars William Bollay reviewed the possibilities of a rocket-powered aircraft based upon a paper published in December 1934, by Eugen Saenger. This and a subsequent October lecture led to a group of enthusiasts beginning work at Caltech on development of a liquid rocket motor.


1935 March 5 - .
  • Birth of Philip Kenyon Chapman - . Nation: Australia. Related Persons: Chapman. Australian scientist astronaut, 1967-1972..

1935 March 8 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.30 km (0.19 mi). Range: 3.35 km (2.08 mi).

    Rocket was equipped with equaliser to prevent liquid-oxygen tank pressure from exceeding gasoline tank pressure, pendulum stabiliser, and 10-ft parachute; flame small and white; duration 12 sec; altitude about 1000 ft; then tilted to a horizontal powered flight at speed of over 700 mph; landed 11,000 ft from tower. Pendulum stabiliser as was expected gave an indication of operating the vanes for the first few hundred feet, but not thereafter.


1935 March 28 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket reaches 4,800 feet. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 1.46 km (0.91 mi). Range: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

    Rocket had improved gyro stabilisation; length 14 ft 9 3/4 in.; empty weight 78 1/2 lb; altitude 4800 ft; average speed 550 mph; corrected its flight perfectly several times, for several hundred feet; horizontal distance, 13,000 ft; total time of flight, 20 sec.


1935 April 6 - .
  • Birth of Thomas C McMurtry - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McMurtry. American test pilot, US Navy and Lockheed 1958-1967. NASA test pilot and administrator at NASA Dryden, 1967-1999. Flew among many other aircraft the X-24 lifting body and 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft..

1935 April 20 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Pavlovich Semenov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Semenov, Yuri. Russian engineer. General Designer of RKK Energia 1989 to 2005.

1935 May 14 - .
  • Griffith Observatory founded. - . Nation: USA.

1935 May 31 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket reaches 7,500 feet. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 2.30 km (1.43 mi). Range: 1.70 km (1.06 mi). Rocket had new lift indicator; length 15 ft 1 1/2 in.; weight 84 lb; altitude 7500 ft; excellent stabilisation; landed 5500 ft from tower, digging hole 10 in. deep; loud whistle on descent. .

June 1935 - . LV Family: German Rocketplanes. Launch Vehicle: He-112.
  • He-112 rocket engine static tests. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Heinkel, Ernst. First static tests of Heinkel He-112 with rocket engines performed in Germany..

1935 June 25 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.0370 km (0.0230 mi). Rocket had new timing device for parachute, and cushioned gyro. Day was windy; duration 10 sec; height 120 ft; tipped into wind as it left the tower..

1935 June 27 - .
  • Birth of Eduard Pavlovich Kugno - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Kugno. Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964..

1935 July 3 - .
  • Birth of Dr Harrison Hagan 'Jack' Schmitt - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schmitt. American geologist astronaut. Flew on Apollo 17. Twelvth person and only geologist to walk on the moon..

1935 July 8 - .
  • Birth of Vitali Ivanovich Sevastyanov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Sevastyanov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 9, Soyuz 18..

1935 July 12 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Rocket had strainers and thicker air vanes; duration of propulsion, 14 sec; altitude 6600 ft with excellent correction up to 3000 ft; parachute torn off. .

1935 July 27 - .
  • Birth of Norman R Augustine - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Augustine. American engineer. Chairman and CEO of the Martin Marietta Corporation in the 1980s..

1935 August 3 - .
  • Birth of Georgi Stepanovich Shonin - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Shonin. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6..

1935 August 15 - .
  • Tsien Hsue-shen leaves China to study at MIT. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March. Tsien Hsue-shen, father of Chinese rocketry and spaceflight, leaves China on a Boxer Rebellion Scholarship to study at MIT..

1935 August 19 - .
  • Birth of Dr Franklin Story Musgrave - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Musgrave. American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-6, STS-51-F, STS-33, STS-44, STS-61, STS-80. Flew in space six times..

1935 September 5 - .
  • Birth of Mikhail Ivanovich Lisun - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Lisun. Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1989..

1935 September 11 - .
  • Birth of Gherman Stepanovich Titov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Titov. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 2. Second person in orbit. Youngest person in space. Left cosmonaut team for brilliant career in the space forces after deciding his future spaceflight prospects were nil..

1935 September 19 - .
  • Death of Konstantin E Tsiolkovskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tsiolkovskiy. Chief Soviet theorist of spaceflight, developed mathematics of rocketry and space travel, identifying basic rocket and spacecraft designs. But work little known outside the Soviet Union, did not influence Goddard and Oberth..

1935 October 2 - .
  • Hayden Planetarium founded. - . Nation: USA.

1935 October 2 - .
  • Birth of Robert Henry Jr Lawrence - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lawrence, Robert. African-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1967..

1935 October 3 - .
  • Birth of Charles Moss Jr 'Charlie' Duke - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duke. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 16. Tenth person to walk on the moon..

1935 October 25 - .
  • Birth of Russel Luis 'Rusty' Schweickart - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schweickart. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 9..

1935 October 29 - . Launch Site: Roswell. LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 1.22 km (0.76 mi).

    Rocket had new gasoline orifices; duration of lift 12 sec; altitude about 4000 ft; speed high -- shot a wave of dirt, resembling a water wave, before it on landing. This completed Goddard's test of the A series of rockets. They had included 10 proving-stand tests and 14 flight test attempts, of which 7 resulted in flights. Average interval between tests was 28 days


1935 November 14 - .
  • Birth of Gennadi Aleksandrovich Dolgopolov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dolgopolov. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1966-1967. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), 1959 Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Retired due to medical reasons. Worked thereafter at NPO Energia..

1935 November 22 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard K.
  • Goddard begins tests of his K series rockets (K1-K10). - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 1.20 km (0.75 mi). This consisted of ten proving-stand tests for the development of a more powerful motor, 10 in. in diameter. Weight of rocket, about 225 lb; weight of fuels, 50-70 lb for the series..

1935 November 23 - .
  • Birth of Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Volkov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 11. Member of first space station crew, however perished during landing. From 1958 a civilian engineer, Korolev OKB, involved in the development of the Vostok and Voskhod spacecraft..

1935 December 17 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard K.
  • One of the best proving-stand tests of Goddard's K series of rockets. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Lift 496 lb for 14 sec; weight liquid oxygen 31 lb; weight gasoline 24 lb; jet velocity, greater than 4470 ft/sec..

1935 December 19 - .
  • Birth of Lawrence Retman Young - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Young, Lawrence. American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1991-1993..

1935 December 22 - .
  • Birth of John Lawrence 'Jack' Finley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Finley. American test pilot astronaut, 1965-1968..


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