Encyclopedia Astronautica
Saturn S-1B-4

Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 444,700/37,600 kg. Thrust 4,120.70 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 296 seconds. Chrysler Studies, 1966: S-1B with 4 H-1's for use with Titan UA1205 strap-ons

No Engines: 4.

Status: Study 1966.
Gross mass: 444,700 kg (980,300 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 37,600 kg (82,800 lb).
Height: 24.48 m (80.31 ft).
Diameter: 6.52 m (21.39 ft).
Span: 6.52 m (21.39 ft).
Thrust: 4,120.70 kN (926,370 lbf).
Specific impulse: 296 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 262 s.
Burn time: 282 s.

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • H-1b Rocketdyne Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 1030.2 kN. Isp=296s. First flight 1966. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Saturn INT-12 American orbital launch vehicle. Chrysler Studies, 1966: S-IB with only 4 H-1 motors, with 4 Titan UA1205 with standard length S-IB stage, S-IVB stage, or 4 Titan UA1207 strap-ons with 20-foot stretche S-IB stage, S-IVB stage. S-IB ignition at sea level at same time as strap-ons. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Lox/Kerosene Liquid oxygen was the earliest, cheapest, safest, and eventually the preferred oxidiser for large space launchers. Its main drawback is that it is moderately cryogenic, and therefore not suitable for military uses where storage of the fuelled missile and quick launch are required. In January 1953 Rocketdyne commenced the REAP program to develop a number of improvements to the engines being developed for the Navaho and Atlas missiles. Among these was development of a special grade of kerosene suitable for rocket engines. Prior to that any number of rocket propellants derived from petroleum had been used. Goddard had begun with gasoline, and there were experimental engines powered by kerosene, diesel oil, paint thinner, or jet fuel kerosene JP-4 or JP-5. The wide variance in physical properties among fuels of the same class led to the identification of narrow-range petroleum fractions, embodied in 1954 in the standard US kerosene rocket fuel RP-1, covered by Military Specification MIL-R-25576. In Russia, similar specifications were developed for kerosene under the specifications T-1 and RG-1. The Russians also developed a compound of unknown formulation in the 1980's known as 'Sintin', or synthetic kerosene. More...

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