Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar LC86/4


Kosmos 2 launch complex.

Longitude: 46.2970 deg.
Latitude: 48.5481 deg.
First Launch: 1967.12.26.
Last Launch: 1973.04.19.
Number: 24 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • DS-P1-Yu Ukrainian military target satellite. 79 launches, 1964.07.30 (Cosmos 36) to 1976.08.26 (Cosmos 850). Development of systems for air defense and the control of outer space. More...
  • DS-U2-V Ukrainian military technology satellite. 4 launches, 1965.10.19 (Cosmos 93) to 1968.02.20 (Cosmos 202). Military technology development satellite - mission still classified. More...
  • DS-U2-I Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. 3 launches, 1966.05.24 (Cosmos 119) to 1968.12.14 (Cosmos 259). Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves. More...
  • DS-U2-D Ukrainian earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1966.12.21 (Cosmos 137) to 1968.04.26 (Cosmos 219). Studied charged particle flows. More...
  • DS-MO Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1967.03.21 (Cosmos 149) to 1970.01.16 (Cosmos 320). Used in development of aerodynamic systems for stabilization and orientation of spacecraft. Also carried military optical equipment experiments. More...
  • DS-U3-S Ukrainian solar satellite. 2 launches, 1967.06.16 (Cosmos 166) to 1968.07.05 (Cosmos 230). Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in multiple spectral zones. More...
  • DS-U1-Ya Ukrainian earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1968.03.06 (DS-U1-Ya s/n 1) and 1968.06.12 (Cosmos 225). Studied charged particle flows and cosmic rays. More...
  • DS-U1-A Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1968.04.19, Cosmos 215. Studied the optical characteristics of the atmosphere. Radiation observatory; 8 telescopes. More...
  • DS-U2-GF Ukrainian solar satellite. One launch, 1968.12.26, Cosmos 262. Conducted heliophysical studies. More...
  • DS-U3-IK Ukrainian earth magnetosphere satellite. 6 launches, 1969.10.14 (Intercosmos 1) to 1976.07.26 (Intercosmos 16). Measurements of the sun; used for Interkosmos launches. More...
  • DS-U1-IK Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1969.12.25 (Intercosmos 2) to 1972.12.01 (Intercosmos 8). Studies ionosphere of the earth; version used for Intercosmos international launches. More...
  • DS-U1-R Ukrainian earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1970.04.24, Cosmos 335. Studied spectral range of the UF. More...
  • DS-U2-IK Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. 7 launches, 1970.08.07 (Intercosmos 3) to 1975.12.11 (Intercosmos 14). Studied charged particle flows and the ionosphere; version used for Intercosmos international launches. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 11K63 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Series production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-12 IRBM. Succeeded 63S1M prototype from 1965, using same 'Dvina' launch complex. From March 16, 1967 orbital launches from Plesetsk were from the purpose-built 'Raduga' launch complex LC133. Total of 123 launches, of which 8 were failures. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar LC86/4 Chronology


1967 December 26 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 197 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1968-01-30 . Decay Date: 1968-01-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 3079 . COSPAR: 1967-126A. Apogee: 486 km (301 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Summary: Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1968 February 20 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 202 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Decay Date: 1968-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 3128 . COSPAR: 1968-010A. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Summary: Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

1968 March 6 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 216 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-U1-Ya s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-U1-Ya. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-Ya. COSPAR: F680306A. Summary: Studied charged particle flows and cosmic rays..

1968 April 18 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 215 - . Payload: DS-U1-A s/n 1. Mass: 385 kg (848 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-A. Completed Operations Date: 1968-06-06 . Decay Date: 1968-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 3205 . COSPAR: 1968-033A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: Studied the optical characteristics of the atmosphere. Radiation observatory; eight telescopes..

1968 April 26 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 219 - . Payload: DS-U2-D s/n 2. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-D. Decay Date: 1969-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3220 . COSPAR: 1968-038A. Apogee: 1,745 km (1,084 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Summary: Studied charged particle flows..

1968 May 24 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 221 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 14. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-01-29 . Decay Date: 1969-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 3269 . COSPAR: 1968-043A. Apogee: 2,140 km (1,320 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 June 11 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 225 - . Payload: DS-U1-Ya s/n 2. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-Ya. Completed Operations Date: 1968-06-29 . Decay Date: 1968-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3279 . COSPAR: 1968-048A. Apogee: 519 km (322 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Studied charged particle flows and cosmic rays..

1968 July 5 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 230 - . Payload: DS-U3-S s/n 2. Mass: 367 kg (809 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-S. Completed Operations Date: 1968-11-02 . Decay Date: 1968-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3308 . COSPAR: 1968-056A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Summary: Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in mulitple spectral zones..

1968 December 14 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 259 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-05 . Decay Date: 1969-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 3612 . COSPAR: 1968-113A. Apogee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Summary: Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1968 December 26 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 262 - . Payload: DS-U2-GF s/n 1. Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GF. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-03 . Decay Date: 1969-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 3629 . COSPAR: 1968-119A. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Conducted heliophysical studies..

1969 March 5 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 268 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 18. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-07-03 . Decay Date: 1970-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 3773 . COSPAR: 1969-020A. Apogee: 2,173 km (1,350 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 October 14 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K63 2I.
  • Intercosmos 1 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 1. Mass: 320 kg (700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1969-10-30 . Decay Date: 1970-01-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 4128 . COSPAR: 1969-088A. Apogee: 617 km (383 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 93.40 min. Summary: Measurements of the solar radiation and its effect on the atmosphere of the earth. Payload included East European experiments to study solar ultraviolet and X-ray effects on the upper atmosphere. Investigation of.

1969 October 24 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 307 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 22. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-11 . Decay Date: 1970-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 4184 . COSPAR: 1969-094A. Apogee: 2,150 km (1,330 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 109.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1969 December 25 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 2 - . Payload: DS-U1-IK s/n 1. Mass: 320 kg (700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1970-02-12 . Decay Date: 1970-06-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 4285 . COSPAR: 1969-110A. Apogee: 1,178 km (731 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: East European instruments carried to determine the characteristics of the earth's ionosphere and the concentrations of electrons and positive ions..

1970 January 16 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 320 - . Payload: DS-MO s/n 3. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MO. Completed Operations Date: 1970-02-10 . Decay Date: 1970-02-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 4301 . COSPAR: 1970-005A. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Used in development of aerodynamic systems for stabilisation and orientation of spacecraft. Also carried military optical equipment experiments..

1970 April 24 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 335 - . Payload: DS-U1-R s/n 1. Mass: 295 kg (650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-R. Completed Operations Date: 1970-06-20 . Decay Date: 1970-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4380 . COSPAR: 1970-035A. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: Studied spectral range of the UF..

1970 June 12 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 347 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 35. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-13 . Decay Date: 1971-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 4411 . COSPAR: 1970-043A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 August 7 - . 02:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 3 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 1. Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1970-12-04 . Decay Date: 1970-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 4482 . COSPAR: 1970-057A. Apogee: 1,294 km (804 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Summary: Studied charged particle flows and the ionosphere. Carried East European experiments that studied protons, electrons, alpha particles..

1970 October 14 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 4 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 2. Mass: 320 kg (700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1971-01-08 . Decay Date: 1971-01-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 4580 . COSPAR: 1970-084A. Apogee: 656 km (407 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Investigation of the ultra-violet and x-radiation of the sun and its effect on the structure of the Earth's upper atmosphere. Payload included East European experiments to study solar ultraviolet and X-ray effects on upper atmosphere..

1971 March 5 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 133 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 39 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. COSPAR: F710305B. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 November 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • DS-P1-I - . Payload: DS-P1-I. Nation: USSR. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces. Launch vehicle launch scrubbed - unknown cause..

1971 December 2 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 5 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 2. Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Decay Date: 1972-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 5641 . COSPAR: 1971-104A. Apogee: 1,181 km (733 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Carried Czech and Soviet instruments that investigated the effects of solar activity on near-Earth radiation. Studied the radiation levels in near-Earth space, investigated dipole corpuscular streams in near space in connexion with solar activity and investigation of the nature and spectrum of low-frequency electromagnetic oscillations in natural plasma.

1972 June 30 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 7 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 3. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1972-10-05 . Decay Date: 1972-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 6075 . COSPAR: 1972-047A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Summary: Continuation of joint studies of the sun's ultra-violet and x-radiation and its effects on the structure of the earth's upper atmosphere..

1972 July 12 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 501 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 50. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-12-20 . Decay Date: 1974-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 6099 . COSPAR: 1972-054A. Apogee: 2,167 km (1,346 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.0000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 April 19 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 9 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1973-10-15 . Decay Date: 1973-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6433 . COSPAR: 1973-022A. Apogee: 1,526 km (948 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Summary: Also designated Intercosmos Copernicus 500. Investigated solar radio-frequency radiation and the characteristics of the earth's ionosphere..

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