Encyclopedia Astronautica
NASA


American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA.

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Associated People
  • Crowley Crowley, John W 'Gus' (1899-1974) American engineer. Worked at Langley from 1921. NASA director of research from 1945 to 1959. More...
  • Buckley Buckley, Edmond C (1904-1977) American engineer. Instrumentation and tracking expert at NASA, 1930 - 1969. Senior NASA official for tracking operations during the moon race, 1959-1969. More...
  • Gough Gough, Melvin N (1906-1994) American test pilot. At Langley from 1926. From 1943 director of flight research. Director of NASA activities at Cape Canaveral 1958-1960. More...
  • Abbott Abbott, Ira H (1906-1988) American aerodynamicist, at NASA 1929-1962; supervised the X-15, supersonic transport, nuclear rocket, and advanced reentry programs. More...
  • Bonney Bonney, Walter T (1909-1975) American journalist. Worked for NACA from 1949. NASA Director of Public Relations, 1958-1960. Avco Director of Public Relations 1960-1971. More...
  • Goett Goett, Harry J (1910-2000) American engineer. At Langley from 1936, headed flight research at Ames 1958-1959, director of Goddard 1959-1965. Headed important 1960 committee that established NASA LV development plans. At Ford Aerospace from 1965. More...
  • Ames Ames, Milton B (1913-1992) American engineer, at NASA in leadership positions, 1936-1972. More...
  • Chamberlin Chamberlin, James A (1915-1981) Canadian-American engineer. Lead at Avro for fighters, 1945-1959. Lead positions at NASA, 1959-1970. Conceived modular design for Gemini and pushed its use for lunar mission. At McDonnell-Douglas 1970-1981; headed their shuttle bid. More...
  • Siepert Siepert, Albert F (1915-) American manager. NASA, 1958-1969; Deputy Director, Kennedy Space Center 1963-1969. More...
  • Bikle Bikle, Paul F (1916-1991) American engineer. Worked at Wright Field and Edwards AFB from 1940. Director NASA Edwards 1959-1971. Oversaw projects from the XB-43 through the X-15 to the NASA lifting bodies. More...
  • Krieger Krieger, Robert L (1916-1990) American engineer, at NASA 1936-1981. Headed Wallops Island facility, 1948-1981. During his career there, Wallops launched thousands of test vehicles, including 19 satellites. More...
  • Mueller Mueller, George Edwin (1918-) American engineer. Headed the NASA Office of Manned Spaceflight during the Apollo program. More...
  • Johnson, Vincent Johnson, Vincent L (1918-2005) American engineer, at USN 1947-1960, NASA 1960-1974. Program manager for Scout, Delta, and Centaur. More...
  • Frutkin Frutkin, Arnold W (1918-) American scientist. Deputy Director, US IGY Committee, 1956-1958. NASA senior negotiator for international space agreements, 1959-1979. More...
  • Emme Emme, Eugene M (1919-1985) American NASA Historian. Eugene M. Emme became the NASA chief historian in 1959 and served until his retirement in 1979. Previously he had been a historian with the Air University of the U.S. Air Force. More...
  • Hilburn Hilburn, Earl D (1920-1989) American engineer. At NASA 1963-1966, in charge of industrial affairs. Later President of Western Union. More...
  • Walker, Joseph Walker, Joseph Albert (1921-1966) American NACA/NASA test pilot 1945-1966. Flew D-558, X-1, X-3, X-4, and X-5, and into space on X-15 Flights 77, 90, and 91. Killed in 1968 when the F-104 he was flying collided with the XB-70 during a photo opportunity. More...
  • Crossfield Crossfield, Albert Scott (1921-2006) Hispanic-American test pilot, 1950-1960. First man to reach Mach 2; first Hispanic test pilot. More...
  • Naugle Naugle, John E (1923-1993) American physicist, at NASA 1959-1981, developed projects to study the magnetosphere. More...
  • Kraft Kraft, Christopher C (1924-) American engineer at NASA 1945-1982, headed manned spaceflight mission control during Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo projects. More...
  • Jones, Walter Jones, Walter P (1924-1953) American test pilot, flew the D-558-1, D-558-2, X-4, and X-5. Died in crash of the YF-89D prototype interceptor. More...
  • Finger Finger, Harold B (1924-) American physicist. At NASA 1944-1969. Early work involved compressors. Chief of the nuclear engine program 1958-1967. NASA Associate Administrator for Organization and Management 1967-1969. More...
  • Badgley Badgley, Peter (1925-) American scientist. NASA Chief of the Earth Resources Survey Program and Chief of Advanced Missions, Manned Space Science Program, in the 1960's. More...
  • Fulton Fulton, Fitzhugh L (1925-) American test pilot, flew the B-52 launch aircraft for the X-15 and the 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft for shuttle ALT tests. More...
  • Frisbee Frisbee, Walter American phantom cosmonaut. Mysterious tenth member of second NASA astronaut group. The fearless Frisby was in fact a joke on the NASA press corps created by astronauts Lovell and Conrad. More...
  • McDonald McDonald, Frank B (1925-) American scientist, at NASA 1959-1989. Served as project scientist on nine NASA satellite programs, NASA Chief Scientist 1982-1987. More...
  • Petrone Petrone, Rocco (1926-2006) American engineer, managed development of the Redstone at Huntsivlle, then the Saturn V at NASA, 1960-1974. More...
  • Edelson Edelson, Burton I (1926-2002) American engineer. Worked at Comsat 1969-1982. NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications 1982-1988. More...
  • Silveira Silveira, Milton A (1929-) American manager, at NASA 1955-1986. Deputy Administrator, 1981-1983; NASA Chief Engineer, 1983-1986. More...
  • Armstrong Armstrong, Neil Alden (1930-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 11. First person to step onto the moon. Member of first crew to dock in space. More...
  • Llewellyn Llewellyn, Dr John Anthony 'Tony' (1932-) British-American pilot astronaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Abbey Abbey, George Washington Sherman (1932-) American engineer, headed NASA space shuttle operations and astronaut selection 1976-2003; focus of tremendous staff demoralization. For some reason beloved by upper management, surviving both Challenger and Columbia disasters. More...
  • Schmitt Schmitt, Dr Harrison Hagan 'Jack' (1935-) American geologist astronaut. Flew on Apollo 17. Twelvth person and only geologist to walk on the moon. More...
  • Hinners Hinners, Noel W (1935-) American geologist. Worked on Apollo at Bellcomm, 1963-1972. NASA HQ on lunar and space science programs, 1972-1979. Director NASM 1979-1982. Directed Goddard, 1982-1987. Associate Deputy Administrator 1987-1989. Martin Marietta VP, 1989-on. More...
  • Lunney Lunney, Glynn S (1936-) American engineer, at NASA 1958-1985. Worked on projects Mercury and Apollo, managed Apollo-Soyuz project, managed development of the space shuttle. More...
  • Holmquest Holmquest, Dr Donald Lee (1939-) American physician astronaut, 1967-1971. More...
  • O Leary O Leary, Brian Todd (1940-) American scientist astronaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • O Leary O Leary, Brian Todd (1940-) American scientist astronaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Crouch Crouch, Dr Roger Keith (1940-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. More...
  • Lacklen Lacklen, Robert J American personnel manager, at NASA 1945-1964. More...
  • Wigbels Wigbels, Lyn (1951-) American NASA manager for international affairs, 1979-on. More...
  • Johnson, Nicholas Johnson, Nicholas L American NASA Historian. Nicholas L. Johnson is NASA's chief scientist for orbital debris at the Johnson Space Center. Previously, he worked in private industry and was considered an expert on the Soviet space program. More...
  • Hodgson Hodgson, Alfred S American bureaucrat. At NASA from 1958. 1962-1968, leading administrative positions at NASA HQ. More...
  • Modarelli Modarelli, James J American NASA designer, credited with the NASA logo. More...
  • Vangen Vangen, Scott Duane (1959-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1993-1995. More...
  • Busemann Busemann, Adolf German expert in dynamics during World War II, working for the Luftwaffe at Braunschweig-Voelkenrode. Went to the USA after the war. In the early 1960's active at NASA's Langley Research Center, working on deployable space station concepts. More...
  • Constan Constan, G N German-American NASA Engineer; as of November 1960 working for Von Braun as Chief, Technical Program Coordination Office at NASA Huntsville. More...
  • Einhorn Einhorn, Raymond American NASA Bureaucrat. Raymond Einhorn was a former General Accounting Office auditor who joined NASA in 1960 as its director of audits. He served in this position throughout the 1960s. More...
  • Rosen, Herbert Rosen, Herbert H American engineer, deputy director of the office of public information in NASA in early 1960. More...
  • Schindler Schindler, William 'Bill' American manager. NASA Delta launch vehicle program manager, the single individual most responsible for developing the light launch vehicle into a medium lift workhorse More...
  • Willner Willner, William American NASA Manager, in charge of construction in the procurement and supply division of NASA Headquarters' office of business administration. By August 1960, he had moved to the office of research grants and contracts. More...
  • Schneider Schneider, William C American engineer, at NASA 1963-1980. Mission director for seven Gemini missions; Apollo mission director 1967-1968; Skylab Program director 1968-1974. More...
  • Keathley Keathley, William C American engineer, at NASA from 1966. Project manager for the Skylab Apollo Telescope Mount Optical Telescope Assembly; manager of Hubble Space Telescope from 1977. More...
  • Boggess Boggess, Nancy Weber American scientist. Worked at NASA on IRAS and COBE infrared satellites. More...
  • Briggs Briggs, Geoffrey A American scientist. Led Mars imaging teams for JPL Mariner and Viking missions 1969-1977. Deputy Director and Director, NASA HQ Solar System Exploration Division 1977-1990. Scientific Director, Ames Center for Mars Exploration, 1992-1997. More...
  • Pellerin Pellerin, Charles J American physicist, at NASA 1974-1994. Director of Astrophysics in NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications 1983-1992; Deputy Associate Administrator for Safety and Mission Quality 1992-1994. More...
  • Barnes Barnes, Richard JH American diplomat. Director of the International Affairs Division of the Office of External Relations at NASA in the 1980s. He had been a long-time NASA official, first coming to the agency in 1961 to work in international programs. More...
  • Tilford Tilford, Shelby G American NASA geophysicist, from the late 1980's Director of Earth Sciences in the Office of Space Science. In 1992 he was appointed acting Associate Administrator for Mission to Planet Earth and served until 1994. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Hywards American manned combat spacecraft. Study 1956. Hypersonic manned test spaceplane project of the 1950's. Predecessor to Dynasoar. More...
  • Ames Mach 10 Demonstrator American manned spaceplane. Study 1957. Ames proposed in 1957 to air-launch a high-wing designed hypersonic glider from a B-36 bomber. Early versions would use an XLR-99-powered booster stage and be capable of reaching Mach 6. More...
  • Vanguard 2 American earth magnetosphere satellite. 4 launches, 1958.05.28 (Vanguard 2B) to 1959.02.17 (Vanguard 2). The actual operational satellite that was to be launched by the Vanguard launcher. More...
  • Pioneer 0-1-2 American lunar orbiter. 3 launches, 1958.08.17 (Pioneer (1)) to 1958.11.08 (Pioneer 2). Pioneers 0, 1 and 2 were the first U. S. spacecraft to attempt to leave Earth orbit. More...
  • Pioneer 3-4 American lunar flyby probe. 2 launches, 1958.12.06 (Pioneer 3) to 1959.03.03 (Pioneer 4). Smaller than the previous Pioneers, Pioneer 3 and 4 each carried only a single experiment to detect cosmic radiation. More...
  • Mercury American manned spacecraft. 18 launches, 1960.01.21 (Mercury LJ-1B) to 1963.05.15 (Mercury MA-9). America's first man-in-space project. The capsule had to be as small as possible to match the orbital payload capability of America's first ICBM, the Atlas. More...
  • S-1 American earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1959.07.16 (Explorer) to 1959.10.13 (Explorer 7). Magnetic field, solar flare data. More...
  • S-2 American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1959.08.07, Explorer 6. First Earth photo; radiation data. More...
  • Pioneer P 3 American lunar orbiter. 4 launches, 1959.11.26 (Pioneer (P 3)) to 1960.12.15 (Pioneer (P 31)). The least successful lunar spacecraft; none even achieved orbit in four attempts. More...
  • Pioneer 5 American solar satellite. One launch, 1960.03.11. Pioneer 5 was designed to provide the first map of the interplanetary magnetic field. The vehicle functioned for a record 106 days, and communicated with Earth from a record distance of 36.2 million km. More...
  • S-46 American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1960.03.23, Explorer. More...
  • TIROS American earth weather satellite. 12 launches, 1960.04.01 (Tiros 1) to 1966.02.28 (ESSA 2). TIROS spacecraft were the beginning of a long series of polar-orbiting meteorological satellites. More...
  • Echo American passive communications satellite. 2 launches, 1960.05.13 (Echo 1) and 1960.08.12 (Echo 1). The Echo satellites were NASA's first experimental communications satellite project. More...
  • S-30 American earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1960.11.03, Explorer 8. Ionospheric research. More...
  • P-14 American solar satellite. 3 launches, 1961.02.24 (Explorer) to 1961.05.24 (Explorer). Magnetic field data. More...
  • Gemini American manned spacecraft. 12 launches, 1964.04.08 (Gemini 1) to 1966.11.11 (Gemini 12). It was obvious to NASA that there was a big gap of three to four years between the last Mercury flight and the first scheduled Apollo flight. More...
  • S-15 American solar satellite. One launch, 1961.04.27, Explorer 11. Gamma ray data. More...
  • Gemini LOR American manned lunar lander. Study 1961. Original Mercury Mark II proposal foresaw a Gemini capsule and a single-crew open cockpit lunar lander undertaking a lunar orbit rendezvous mission, launched by a Titan C-3. More...
  • Apollo A American manned space station. Study 1961. Apollo A was a lighter-weight July 1961 version of the Apollo spacecraft. More...
  • S-55 American earth micrometeoroid satellite. 4 launches, 1961.06.30 (Explorer (13) S 55) to 1964.11.06 (Explorer 23). Micrometeoroid research. More...
  • EPE American solar satellite. 4 launches, 1961.08.16 (Explorer 12) to 1964.12.21 (Explorer 26). Radiation and solar wind data. More...
  • Ranger 1-2 American lunar impact probe. 2 launches, 1961.08.23 (Ranger 1) to 1961.11.18 (Ranger 2). More...
  • Apollo Direct SM American manned spacecraft module. Study 1961. The Service Module housed the fuel cells, environmental control, and other major equipment items required for the mission. More...
  • Apollo Direct RM American manned spacecraft module. Study 1961. The retrograde module supplied the velocity increments required during the translunar portion of the mission up to a staging point approximately 1800 m above the lunar surface. More...
  • Apollo Direct CM American manned spacecraft module. Study 1961. Conventional spacecraft structures were employed, following the proven materials and concepts demonstrated in the Mercury and Gemini designs. More...
  • Apollo Direct TLM American manned spacecraft module. Study 1961. Final letdown, translation hover and landing on the lunar surface from 1800 m above the surface was performed by the terminal landing module. Engine thrust could be throttled down to 1546 kgf. More...
  • Bendix Manned Lunar Vehicle American manned lunar rover. Study 1961. The Bendix Manned Lunar Vehicle was a lunar rover design of November 1961. The vehicle had 4 wheels and a range of 400 km with a crew of 3 on a 14 day traverse. More...
  • Gemini Lunar Lander American manned lunar lander. Study 1961. A direct lunar lander design of 1961, capable of being launched to the moon in a single Saturn V launch through use of a 2-man Gemini re-entry vehicle instead of the 3-man Apollo capsule. More...
  • Lunar Mobile System American lunar rover. Study 1961. The Bendix Lunar Mobile System was an unmanned lunar rover design of September 1961. The vehicle had 3 wheels, powered separately, and a range of 800 km. More...
  • Mariner R American Venus probe. Study 1961. Planned 1961 JPL crash program to beat the Soviet Union in launching the first probe to another planet. More...
  • Ranger 3-4-5 American lunar lander. 3 launches, 1962.01.26 (Ranger 3) to 1962.10.18 (Ranger 5). More...
  • OSO American solar satellite. 9 launches, 1962.03.07 (OSO 1) to 1975.06.21 (OSO 8). The Orbiting Solar Observatories, developed for NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, were designed primarily as stabilized platforms for solar-oriented scientific instruments. More...
  • G2G American space suit, tested 1962. The BF Goodrich space suit was developed in competition with the Dave Clark G2C suit for Project Gemini. It was not flown. More...
  • Ariel American earth magnetosphere satellite. 6 launches, 1962.04.26 (Ariel 1) to 1979.06.02 (Ariel 6). Ionospheric studies; returned X-ray, ionospheric, cosmic ray data. More...
  • G4C American space suit, operational 1964. Dave Clark G4C flight suits were designed for wear by Gemini astronauts. More...
  • Apollo CSM American manned lunar orbiter. 22 launches, 1964.05.28 (Saturn 6) to 1975.07.15 (Apollo (ASTP)). The Apollo Command Service Module was the spacecraft developed by NASA in the 1960's as a standard spacecraft for earth and lunar orbit missions. More...
  • A7L American pressure suit, operational 1968. Hamilton Standard had overall development responsibility for the Apollo suit and associated portable life support system. A subcontract was awarded to International Latex Corporation for development of this suit. More...
  • Mariner 1-2 American Venus probe. 2 launches, 1962.07.22 (Mariner 1) to 1962.08.27 (Mariner 2). The world's first successful interplanetary spacecraft. More...
  • Apollo ULS American lunar logistics spacecraft. Study 1962. An Apollo unmanned logistic system to aid astronauts on a lunar landing mission was studied. More...
  • TAVE American technology satellite. One launch, 1962.09.29. Thor Agena Vibration Experiment More...
  • Orbital Workshop American manned space station. Study 1965. The Orbital Workshop (OWS) was a 1960's NASA program to create an embryonic space station in orbit using the spent S-IVB rocket stage of a Saturn IB. More...
  • G3C American space suit, operational 1964. Dave Clark G3C initial Gemini production flight suits were worn aboard Gemini 3, and by the spacecraft commanders of Gemini 6 and 8.. More...
  • Relay American communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.12.13 (Relay 1) and 1964.01.21 (Relay 2). More...
  • Gemini-Centaur American manned lunar flyby spacecraft. Study 1962. In the first Gemini project plans, it was planned that after a series of test dockings between Gemini and Agena rocket stages, Geminis would dock with Centaur stages for circumlunar flights. More...
  • Navigator American outer planets probe. Study 1962. 1962 JPL concept for a dedicated spacecraft to be launched by a Saturn C-2 or RIFT booster on missions to Mercury and Jupiter. Never went beyond preliminary study stage. More...
  • Apollo LM American manned lunar lander. 10 launches, 1968.01.22 (Apollo 5) to 1972.12.07 (Apollo 17). More...
  • Syncom American communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1963.02.14 (Syncom I; Syncom 1) to 1964.08.19 (Syncom 3). Experimental telecommunications satellite. More...
  • G2C American space suit, tested 1963. The Dave Clark G2C was the prototype IVA space suit for project Gemini. None were flown. The flight versions were G4C and G5C. More...
  • AE American earth atmosphere satellite. 5 launches, 1963.04.03 (Explorer 17) to 1975.11.20 (Explorer 55). Atmospheric research. More...
  • IMP American earth magnetosphere satellite. 10 launches, 1963.11.27 (Explorer 18) to 1973.10.26 (Explorer 50). More...
  • Surveyor American lunar lander. 13 launches, 1963.11.27 (Atlas Centaur 2) to 1968.01.07 (Surveyor 7). Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Surveyor series soft-landed on the moon, provided images of the lunar surface, and tested the characteristics of the lunar soil. More...
  • ADE American earth atmosphere satellite. 3 launches, 1963.12.19 (Explorer 19) to 1968.08.08 (Explorer 39). 12 foot diameter. balloon; identical to Explorer 9; atmospheric density studies. More...
  • Apollo CSM Boilerplate American manned spacecraft. Boilerplate structural Apollo CSM's were used for various systems and booster tests, especially proving of the LES (launch escape system). More...
  • Apollo CSM Block I American manned spacecraft. The Apollo Command Service Module was the spacecraft developed by NASA in the 1960's as a standard spacecraft for earth and lunar orbit missions. More...
  • Bendix Lunar Logistic System American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Bendix Lunar Logistic System was a lunar rover design of January 1963. The vehicle had 4 wheels with alternative front or all-wheel steering and a range of 800 km with a crew of 3 on a 14 day traverse. More...
  • Boeing LES Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Boeing Lunar Exploration Systems lunar rover design of November 1963 was for a multipurpose rover with a range of 480 km with a crew of 2 on a 8 day traverse. The cabin had a volume of 4.95 cubic meters. More...
  • Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - Unmanned American lunar rover. Study 1963. The Grumman Lunar Logistics System Project 344 unmanned rover design of February 1963 had 4 wheels (two equal-weight, 2 wheel modules of 360 cm diameter). The robot had a range of 750 km. More...
  • Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 2 man American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Grumman Lunar Logistics System Project 344 two-man rover design of January 1963 consisted of the basic vehicle, a manned module, and a tanker. This provided a range of 370 km on a 7 day traverse. More...
  • Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 1 man American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Grumman Lunar Logistics System Project 344 single-crew rover of January 1963 had 2 x two-wheeled power modules. Each wheel was 360 cm in diameter, and the rover had a range of 300 km on a 3.3 day traverse. More...
  • Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 3 man American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Grumman Lunar Logistics System Project 344 three-man lunar rover design of January 1963 used a 3 module vehicle. It had a range of 2340 km on a 28 day traverse. More...
  • Gemini Transport American logistics spacecraft. Study 1963. This Gemini Transport version was proposed as a Gemini program follow-on in 1963. With the extended reentry module, this was the ancestor of the Big Gemini spacecraft of the late 1960's. More...
  • Grumman LSS Project 344 Rover - 2 man 3 kW American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Grumman Lunar Logistics System Project 344 alternate three-crew lunar rover design of February 1963 vehicle had three x two wheeled modules. The rover would have a range of 770 km on a 23.5 day traverse. More...
  • LSS Site Survey Payload American lunar rover. Study 1963. The BellComm Lunar Logistic System unmanned Site Survey Payload was outlined in a January 1963 study. The 2 x 2 vehicle had articulated wheels, a 1.5 m diameter folded chassis. and a range of 260 km. More...
  • Lunar Logistic System 6 kW American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. This NASA Lunar Logistic System lunar rover design of March 1963 had 4 wheel unit, each wheel 1.3 m in diameter and 20 cm wide. It had a range of 370 km with a crew of 2 on a 7 day traverse. More...
  • Lunar Logistic System 13.7 kW American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. This NASA Lunar Logistic System lunar rover design of March 1963 had 4 wheels, rigidly mounted, and a range of 450 km with a crew of 2 on a 30 day traverse. The cabin had a volume of 9.72 cubic meters. More...
  • McDonnell Spaceplane 1963 American manned spaceplane. Study 1963. In June 1962 NASA funded studies with several contractors on Operations and Logistics for Space Stations. More...
  • Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV-1 American lunar rover. Study 1963. The Northrop Lunar Logistic System RV-1 unmanned lunar rover design of January 1963 had 3 wheels, rigidly mounted, and a range of 80 km. More...
  • Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV3 RV4 American lunar rover. Study 1963. The unmanned portion of the January 1963 Northrop Lunar Logistic System had 4 articulated wheels and a range of 240 km. More...
  • Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV5 American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. This Northrop Lunar Logistic System design of January 1963 was a 3 wheel open cart and had a range of 30 km with a crew of 2. It could also tow the RV6 50 kg, 2 to 4 wheeled dolly or trailer. More...
  • Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV7 American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Northrop Lunar Logistic System RV7 was a lunar rover design of January 1963. The one-crew vehicle was designed for scooping and dozing operations. More...
  • Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV8 American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Northrop Lunar Logistic System RV8 was a lunar rover design of January 1963. Dual single-crew vehicles were designed to be operated separately or together as a system. More...
  • Northrop LSS Lunar Rover RV-1A American manned lunar rover. Study 1963. The Northrop Lunar Logistic System RV-1A crewed rover of January 1963 had 4 tracks and a range of 2900 km on a 27 day traverse. More...
  • Self-Deploying Space Station American manned space station. Study 1963. The first space station designs using the Saturn V launch vehicle involved spinning stations, providing artificial G for the crew. More...
  • Jupiter nose cone American re-entry vehicle technology satellite. One launch, 1964.01.29, Saturn 5. Launch vehicle test. More...
  • Ranger 6-7-8-9 American lunar impact probe. 4 launches, 1964.01.30 (Ranger 6) to 1965.03.21 (Ranger 9). After a series of failures with the more ambitious early Ranger spacecraft, the design was simplified and the lander was deleted. More...
  • BE American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1964.03.19, Explorer (20). Also known as Explorer S-66. More...
  • IE American earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1964.08.25, Explorer 20. Ionospheric research. More...
  • Nimbus American earth weather satellite. 8 launches, 1964.08.28 (Nimbus 1) to 1978.10.13 (Nimbus 7). More...
  • OGO American earth magnetosphere satellite. 6 launches, 1964.09.05 (OGO 1) to 1969.06.05 (OGO 6). More...
  • Beacon American earth ionosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1964.10.10 (Explorer 22) to 1965.04.29 (Explorer 27). Early technology satellite. None reached orbit. More...
  • Mariner 3-4 American Mars flyby probe. 2 launches, 1964.11.05 (Mariner 3) to 1964.11.28 (Mariner 4). This spacecraft completed the first successful flyby of the planet Mars, returning the first pictures of the Martian surface. More...
  • Bendix SLRV American lunar rover. Study 1964. The Bendix SLRV unmanned lunar rover design of April 1964 had a speed up to 25 kph on 4 tracks with floating pivot articulation. It was designed for a 105 day traverse mission. More...
  • Gemini - Saturn I American manned lunar flyby spacecraft. Study 1964. In the spring of 1964, with manned Apollo flights using the Saturn I having been cancelled, use of a Saturn I to launch a Gemini around the moon was studied. More...
  • Gemini - Saturn V American manned lunar orbiter. In late 1964 McDonnell, in addition to a Saturn 1B-boosted circumlunar Gemini, McDonnell proposed a lunar-orbit version of Gemini to comprehensively scout the Apollo landing zones prior to the first Apollo missions. More...
  • Northrop Molab American manned lunar rover. Study 1964. The Northrop Molab lunar rover design of March 1964 had 4 wheels, each a flexible torus or controlled flexible disc. It could accommodate a crew of 2 on a 14 day traverse. More...
  • Northrop ALSS Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1964. Northrop completed Molab Studies under a Apollo Logistic Support Systems contract in March 1964. More...
  • Gemini - Double Transtage American manned lunar orbiter. Study 1965. In June 1965 astronaut Pete Conrad conspired with the Martin and McDonnell corporations to advocate an early circumlunar flight using Gemini. More...
  • Radar Evaluation Pod American logistics spacecraft. One launch, 1965.08.21, Gemini 5 REP. The Radar Evaluation Pod was a small reflecting target released from Gemini spacecraft to test the rendezvous radar. More...
  • GEOS American solar satellite. 3 launches, 1965.11.06 (Explorer 29) to 1975.04.09 (Geos 3). The GEOS spacecraft were gravity-gradient-stabilized, solar-cell powered satellites designed exclusively for geodetic studies. More...
  • Voyager 1973 American Mars lander. Cancelled 1967. The original Voyager project was an ambitious NASA project to hurl a 3 metric ton spacecraft using a Saturn IB-Centaur booster toward Mars by 1969. More...
  • IQSY American solar satellite. One launch, 1965.11.19, Explorer 30. Solar radiation data. More...
  • DME American earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1965.11.29, Explorer 31. Explorer 31, the Direct Measurement Explorer, was launched with a Canadian Alouette II on November 28, 1965, on a Thor-Agena rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. More...
  • Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E American solar satellite. 5 launches, 1965.12.16 (Pioneer 6) to 1969.08.27 (Pioneer E). Pioneers 6, 7, 8, and 9 were created to make the first detailed, comprehensive measurements of the solar wind, solar magnetic field and cosmic rays. More...
  • Bendix Molab American manned lunar rover. Study 1965. The Bendix Molab lunar rover design of June 1965 had 4 wheels and a range of 400 km with a crew of 2 on a 14 day traverse. The cabin had a volume of 12.8 cubic meters. More...
  • Boeing LSSM American manned lunar rover. Study 1965. The Boeing LSSM lunar rover design of June 1965 had 4 wheels of 1.2 or 1.6 m diameter. and a range of 200 km with a crew of 2 on a 14 day traverse. More...
  • Bendix LSSM American manned lunar rover. Study 1965. The Bendix LSSM lunar rover design of October 1965 had 4 wheels. and a range of 400 km with a crew of 2 on a 14 day traverse. More...
  • Bendix ALSS Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1965. The Bendix ALSS Payloads lunar rover design of June 1965 had a range of 400 km with a crew of 2 on a 14 day traverse. A variety of configurations were studied in detail. More...
  • Extended Mission Gemini American manned spacecraft. Study 1965. A McDonnell concept for using Gemini for extended duration missions. The basic Gemini would dock with an Agena upper stage. More...
  • OAO American visible astronomy satellite. 4 launches, 1966.04.08 (OAO 1) to 1972.08.21 (OAO 3). More...
  • Gemini Lunar Surface Rescue Spacecraft American manned lunar lander. Study 1966. This version of Gemini would allow a direct manned lunar landing mission to be undertaken in a single Saturn V flight, although it was only proposed as an Apollo rescue vehicle. More...
  • Atlas Target Docking Adapter American logistics spacecraft. One launch, 1966.06.01, Gemini 9 ATDA. An unpowered Gemini docking collar less the Agena rocket stage, launched one time by an Atlas when the Agena stage was not available. Fairing separation failed. More...
  • Pageos American earth geodetic satellite. 3 launches, 1966.06.24 (Pageos 1) to (Pageos canister half). 100 foot diameter. balloon. More...
  • Lunar Orbiter American lunar orbiter. 5 launches, 1966.08.10 (Lunar Orbiter 1) to 1967.08.01 (Lunar Orbiter 5). Photography of the moon's surface from selenocentric orbit. The Lunar Orbiter series took photos of lunar surface from selenocentric orbit. More...
  • TOS American earth weather satellite. 7 launches, 1966.10.02 (ESSA 3) to 1969.02.26 (ESSA 9). TOS spacecraft marked the first operational system of US polar-orbiting meteorological satellites. More...
  • ATS-1 American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1966.12.07, ATS 1. During its 18 year lifetime, ATS-1 examined spin stabilization techniques, investigated the geostationary environment, and performed several communications experiments. More...
  • Biosatellite American biology satellite. 3 launches, 1966.12.14 (Biosatellite 1) to 1969.06.29 (Biosatellite 3). Biosatellite was a NASA spacecraft designed in the early 1960's to study the effects of the space environment on living organisms in missions. More...
  • Apollo LASS S-IVB American lunar logistics spacecraft. Study 1966. The Douglas Company (DAC) proposed the "Lunar Application of a Spent S-IVB Stage (LASS)". The LASS concept required a landing gear on a S-IVB Stage. More...
  • Apollo SMLL American lunar logistics spacecraft. Study 1966. North American Aviation (NAA) proposed use of the SM as a lunar logistics vehicle (LLV) in 1966. The configuration, simply stated, put a landing gear on the SM. More...
  • Gemini Paraglider American manned spacecraft. Study 1966. The paraglider was supposed to be used in the original Gemini program but delays in getting the wing to deploy reliably resulted in it not being flown. More...
  • Gemini Observatory American manned spacecraft. Study 1966. Proposed version of Gemini for low-earth orbit solar or stellar astronomy. This would be launched by a Saturn S-IB. It has an enlarged reentry module which seems to be an ancestor of the 'Big Gemini' of 1967. More...
  • MOBEV F1B American manned lunar flyer. Study 1966. The MOBEV F1B one-man pogo flying vehicle was the selected configuration for the one-man pogo application from three alternatives. Maximum operational mass with astronaut and payload, 258 kg. More...
  • MOBEV R1B American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. Early manned operations would utilize the basic Apollo LM or an augmented version of it. The augmented version would a small mobility unit. More...
  • MOBEV R1CB American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV R1CB Base Support Vehicle -- Special Purpose was a manned lunar tractor, which provided base support capability in terms of earth moving, towing, and general utility within close proximity of the base. More...
  • MOBEV F2E American manned lunar flyer. Study 1966. The MOBEV selected return to orbit vehicle, F2E, was provided with six degree of freedom control for rendezvous as well as normal attitude control. Maximum operational mass with 2 astronauts and payload, 1364.5 kg. More...
  • MOBEV R0DE American lunar rover. Study 1966. Robotic vehicle delivered to the lunar surface with a LM-Shelter or a LM-Truck-Shelter and used during and after the manned mission to explore areas prior to committing a man. More...
  • MOBEV R1DE American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV R1DE recommended Lunar Station Vehicle was a Cabined LSSM, a manned exploration vehicle designed to provide a shirt-sleeve (open spacesuit faceplate) environment. More...
  • MOBEV R2C(1)E American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV R2C(1)E manned Mobile Laboratory Vehicle (MOLAB) was to be used for exploration of the moon. The MOLAB provided complete life support capabilities for its two-man crew during a 14-day, 400-km mission. More...
  • MOBEV R3DE American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV R3DE Extended Traverse Vehicle was a 90-Day MOBEX, a manned mobile laboratory used for exploration of the moon. More...
  • MOBEV R0AE American lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV R0AE was based on the cancelled Surveyor Lunar Roving Vehicle, originally conceived for the Apollo site selection program. More...
  • MOBEV R0CE American lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV R0CE utilized a Surveyor probe from a lunar orbiting vehicle. The rover would operate in lunar day or night and have a total range capability of 200 km over a 90-day period. More...
  • MOBEV RIB(1)E American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOBEV RIB(1)E recommended Lunar Station Vehicle was a Greater Versatility LSSM, an exploration vehicle designed for both manned and unmanned operation. More...
  • MOCOM American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. Third generation versions of the CM were studied by North American in 1966 to further modify a CM shelter to provide mobility. Essentially the CM was mounted on a four-wheel chassis. More...
  • MOLEM American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. Third generation versions of LM derivative equipment were studied by Grumman in a report delivered on 10 May 1966. More...
  • MOCAN American manned lunar rover. Study 1966. The MOCAN was a manned Lunar Rover using the planned Boeing pressurized Apollo Multipurpose Mission Module (CAN) as the basic structure and MOLAB wheels More...
  • Rescue Gemini American manned rescue spacecraft. Study 1966. A version of Gemini was proposed for rescue of crews stranded in Earth orbit. This version, launched by a Titan 3C, used a transtage for maneuvering. More...
  • Winged Gemini American manned spaceplane. Study 1966. Winged Gemini was the most radical modification of the basic Gemini reentry module ever considered. More...
  • ATS-2 American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1967.04.06, ATS 2. ATS-2 was placed into an undesirable orbit due to a launch vehicle failure. More...
  • Mariner 5 American Venus probe. One launch, 1967.06.14. Mariner 5 was a refurbished backup spacecraft for the Mariner 4 Mars mission converted to fly a Venus mission. More...
  • ATS-3 American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1967.11.05, ATS 3. The goals for ATS-3 included investigations of spin stabilization techniques and VHF and C-band communications experiments. More...
  • TTS American tracking network technology satellite. 2 launches, 1967.12.13 (TTS 1) and 1968.11.08 (TTS 2; TATS 2 (TETR 2)). Tested Apollo tracking network. More...
  • Apollo RM American logistics spacecraft. Study 1967. In 1967 it was planned that Saturn IB-launched Orbital Workshops would be supplied by Apollo CSM spacecraft and Resupply Modules (RM) with up to three metric tons of supplies and instruments. More...
  • Gemini Lunar Surface Survival Shelter American manned lunar habitat. Study 1967. Prior to an Apollo moon landing attempt, the shelter would be landed, unmanned, near the landing site of a stranded Apollo Lunar Module. More...
  • Gemini LORV American manned lunar orbiter. Study 1967. This version of Gemini was studied as a means of rescuing an Apollo CSM crew stranded in lunar orbit. The Gemini would be launched unmanned on a translunar trajectory by a Saturn V. More...
  • RAE American radio astronomy satellite. 2 launches, 1968.07.04 (Explorer 38) to 1973.06.10 (Explorer 49). More...
  • ATS-4 American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1968.08.10, ATS 4. A launch vehicle failure stranded ATS-4 in a much lower than planned orbit, making the satellite nearly useless. More...
  • RM American earth micrometeoroid satellite. 2 launches, 1968.08.16 (RM-18) and 1970.11.09 (RM-1; RMS). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space. More...
  • Apollo LPM American lunar logistics spacecraft. Study 1968. The unmanned portion of the Lunar Surface Rendezvous and Exploration Phase of Apollo envisioned in 1969 was the Lunar Payload Module (LPM). More...
  • Apollo ELS American manned lunar habitat. Cancelled 1968. The capabilities of a lunar shelter not derived from Apollo hardware were surveyed in the Early Lunar Shelter Study (ELS), completed in February 1967 by AiResearch. More...
  • Lunar Exploration Program 1968 American manned lunar base. Cancelled 1968. In January 1968, Bellcomm, NASA's Apollo project management advisor, proposed a four-phase program for exploration of the lunar surface using Apollo and Apollo-derived hardware. More...
  • LSSM American manned lunar rover. Study 1968. The Bendix Local Science Survey Module was a forerunner of the Lunar Rover. The LSSM was a small size vehicle used to support a local manned survey. It was proposed for delivery with an LM Shelter. More...
  • MOBEV F2B American manned lunar flyer. Cancelled 1968. The F2B was the MOBEV selected configuration for a multi-man surface-to-surface flying vehicle. Maximum operational mass with 2 astronauts and payload, 844 kg. More...
  • Mariner 6-7 American Mars flyby probe. 2 launches, 1969.02.25 (Mariner 6) to 1969.03.27 (Mariner 7). Mariner 6 and 7 comprised a dual-spacecraft mission to Mars. More...
  • A9L American space suit, tested 1969. Two hard-shell, constant-volume suits entered development for the Apollo Applications Program. More...
  • PAC American technology satellite. One launch, 1969.08.09. Package Attitude Control; semi-active gravity gradient stabilization tests. More...
  • ATS-5 American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1969.08.12, ATS 5. More...
  • TETR American tracking network technology satellite. 2 launches, 1969.08.27 (TETR C) and 1971.09.29 (TETR 3). Test satellite for NASA's Manned Space Flight Network. More...
  • LFV North American American manned lunar flyer. Cancelled 1969. The North American design for a Lunar Flying Vehicle would have taken one astronaut and up to 167 kg of cargo to a distance of 3. 2 to 8.5 km from a lunar landing site in minutes, at a maximum speed of 85 m/s. More...
  • Apollo MET American lunar hand cart. Flown 1971. NASA designed the MET lunar hand cart to help with problems such as the Apollo 12 astronauts had in carrying hand tools, sample boxes and bags, a stereo camera, and other equipment on the lunar surface. More...
  • MURP American manned spaceplane. Study 1969. The McDonnell Douglas Space Shuttle Phase A studies were conducted under contract NAS9-9204. Their Class I vehicle was dubbed MURP - Manned Upper Reusable Payload. More...
  • ITOS American earth weather satellite. 8 launches, 1970.01.23 (ITOS 1) to 1976.07.29 (NOAA 5). ITOS was the follow-on to the TIROS series of polar-orbiting US weather satellites, and marked the beginning of the use of the NOAA designator. More...
  • SERT American ion engine technology satellite. One launch, 1970.02.04. Electric ion engine tests. More...
  • OFO American biology satellite. One launch, 1970.11.09. The Frog Otolith Experiment Package (FOEP) contained all apparatus necessary to assure survival of two frogs. More...
  • SAS Italian solar satellite. 3 launches, 1970.12.12 (Explorer 42) to 1975.05.07 (Explorer 53). More...
  • Apollo Rescue CSM American manned rescue spacecraft. Study 1970. Influenced by the stranded Skylab crew portrayed in the book and movie 'Marooned', NASA provided a crew rescue capability for the first time in its history. More...
  • Space Base American manned space station. Study 1970. Growth of Space Station into a 50 man Space Base was a required capability in the Phase B NASA Space Station studies of 1969-1970. More...
  • Mariner 8-9 American Mars orbiter. 2 launches, 1971.05.09 (Mariner H) to 1971.05.30 (Mariner 9). The Mariner Mars 71 mission was planned to consist of two spacecraft on complementary missions. More...
  • PFS American lunar orbiter. 2 launches, 1971.07.26 (Apollo 15 Subsatellite) to 1972.04.16 (Apollo 16 Subsatellite). Released from Apollo; particles and fields experiments. Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). More...
  • SSS American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1971.11.15, Explorer 45. Studies magnetosphere, energetic particles. More...
  • LSV American manned lunar rover. Study 1971. The Lunar Sortie Vehicle (LSV), was a North American Rockwell design of 1971, conceived as a railroad train without the rails. More...
  • Space Tug American space tug. Study 1971. The original Boeing Space Tug design of the early 1970's was sized to be flown either in a single shuttle mission or as a Saturn V payload. Optimum mass was found to be 20.6 metric tons regardless. More...
  • Space Activity Suit American space suit, tested 1971. Prototype for a Mechanical Counter Pressure suit made up of six layers of elastic material accompanied by a full bubble helmet. More...
  • X-38 American manned spaceplane. 2 launches, 1972.02.16 (HL-10 LB Test?) to 1972.05.20 (HL-10 LB Test?). Lifting body reentry vehicle designed as emergency return spacecraft for International Space Station crew. More...
  • Pioneer 10-11 American outer planets probe. 2 launches, 1972.03.03 (Pioneer 10) to 1973.04.06 (Pioneer 11). Pioneers 10 and 11 were the first spacecraft to fly by Jupiter (Pioneer 10 and 11) and Saturn (Pioneer 11 only). More...
  • Landsat 1-2-3 American earth land resources satellite. 3 launches, 1972.07.23 (Landsat 1) to 1978.03.05 (Landsat 3). The first 3 Landsat missions were also known as the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) series. More...
  • MTS American earth micrometeoroid satellite. One launch, 1972.08.13, Explorer 46. Micrometeoroid tests. More...
  • Modularised Space Station American manned space station. Study 1972. Space station design of 1972 using modules sized for transport in the Space Shuttle payload bay. could be carried inside the Shuttle orbiter payload bay. More...
  • Skylab American manned space station. One launch, 1973.05.14. First US space station. The project began life as the Orbital Workshop- outfitting of an S-IVB stage with a docking adapter with equipment launched by several subsequent S-1B launches. More...
  • Viking American Mars lander. 5 launches, 1974.02.11 (Viking Dynamic Simulator) to 1975.09.09 (Viking 2 Lander). First successful soft landings made at two locations on the Martian surface and returned the first images from the surface. More...
  • SMS American earth weather satellite. 2 launches, 1974.05.17 (SMS 1) and 1975.02.06 (SMS 2). Synchronous Meteorological Satellite. More...
  • ATS-6 American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1974.05.30, ATS 6. In addition to its technology experiments, ATS-6 became the world's first educational satellite. More...
  • Hawkeye American solar satellite. One launch, 1974.06.03, Explorer 52. Solar wind experiments. Follow-on to Injun. More...
  • Manned Orbiting Facility American manned space station. Study 1974. NASA carried out a number of space station studies while the Shuttle was being developed in the mid-1970s. More...
  • GOES American earth weather satellite. 8 launches, 1975.10.16 (GOES 1) to 1987.02.26 (GOES 7). Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite. More...
  • DAD American earth atmosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1975.12.06 (DAD-B) and (DAD-B). Dual Air Density; air density experiments. More...
  • LAGEOS American earth geodetic satellite. 2 launches, 1976.05.04 (Lageos) and 1992.10.22 (Lageos 2). The LAGEOS satellites were passive vehicles covered with retroreflectors designed to reflect laser beams transmitted from ground stations. More...
  • Apollo CM Escape Concept American manned rescue spacecraft. Study 1976. Escape capsule using Apollo command module studied by Rockwell for NASA for use with the shuttle in the 1970's-80's. Mass per crew: 750 kg. More...
  • GAS American technology satellite. Study 1976. NASA's getaway special program, officially known as the Small, Self-Contained Payloads program, offered interested individuals or groups opportunities to fly small experiments aboard the space shuttle. More...
  • HEAO American x-ray astronomy satellite. 3 launches, 1977.08.12 (HEAO 1) to 1979.09.20 (HEAO 3). The 3 satellites of the High Energy Astronomical Observatory program surveyed the celestial sphere for X-ray sources and gamma and cosmic ray phenomena. More...
  • Voyager American outer planets probe. 2 launches, 1977.08.20 (Voyager 2) and 1977.09.05 (Voyager 1). The twin Voyager spacecraft were designed to perform close-up observations of the atmospheres, magnetospheres, rings, and satellites of Jupiter and Saturn. More...
  • ISEE American earth magnetosphere satellite. 3 launches, 1977.10.22 (ISEE 1) to 1978.08.12 (ISEE 3). These Explorer-class heliocentric spacecraft were part of the mother/daughter/heliocentric mission (ISEE 1, 2, and 3). More...
  • IUE American ultraviolet astronomy satellite. One launch, 1978.01.26. More...
  • AEM American earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1978.04.26, HCMM. Heat Capacity Mapping Mission; produced thermal maps of atmosphere. Studied dust, liquid droplets in upper atmosphere. More...
  • Pioneer 12 American Venus probe. One launch, 1978.05.20, Pioneer Venus Orbiter. Pioneer Venus Orbiter. Part of the Pioneer program Pioneer Venus Orbiter was designed to perform long-term observations of the Venusian atmosphere and surface features. More...
  • Seasat American earth resources radar satellite. One launch, 1978.06.27. Seasat was the first satellite designed for remote sensing of the Earth's oceans with synthetic aperture radar (SAR). More...
  • Pioneer 13 American Venus probe. 5 launches, 1978.08.08 (Pioneer Venus 2) to (Pioneer Venus Probe 4). The Pioneer Venus Multiprobe consisted of a bus which carried one large and three small atmospheric probes. More...
  • Tiros N American earth weather satellite. 6 launches, 1978.10.13 (Tiros N) to 2002.06.24 (NOAA 17). Tiros N was part of the ongoing US series of polar-orbiting weather satellites. These were preceded by the TIROS series and the ITOS (Improved TIROS) series. More...
  • CAMEO American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1978.10.13. Released barium cloud. More...
  • SAGE American earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1979.02.18. Studied dust, liquid droplets in upper atmosphere. More...
  • Magsat American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1979.10.30. Measured near-Earth magnetic field and crustal anomalies. More...
  • Space Operations Center American manned space station. Study 1979. The Space Operations Center was proposed by NASA's Johnson Spaceflight Center in 1979. More...
  • SMM American solar satellite. One launch, 1980.02.14. The Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) was intended primarily to study solar flares and related phenomena. More...
  • Dream Chaser American manned spaceplane. Study 2016. A six-passenger human space transport system announced in 2006 by SpaceDev, based on the ten-passenger HL-20 Personnel Launch System developed by NASA Langley in the 1980's. More...
  • Skylab Reboost Module American logistics spacecraft. Cancelled 1980. Module developed for Shuttle to deliver to Skylab to boost it to a higher orbit for use during the Shuttle program. More...
  • Science and Applications Manned Space Platform American manned space station. Study 1980. While NASA/Johnson was studying the Space Operations Center concept, the Marshall Space Flight Center was lobbying for its own station -- the Science and Applications Manned Space Platform (SAMSP). More...
  • Shuttle EMU American space suit, operational 1980. Space Shuttle Extravehicular Mobility Unit reusable suit. For a particular crew member and mission it was tailored from a stock of standard-size parts. Certified for eight EVA's. More...
  • Columbia American manned spaceplane. 28 launches, 1981.04.12 (STS-1) to 2003.01.16 (STS-107). Columbia, the first orbiter in the Shuttle fleet, was named after the sloop that accomplished the first American circumnavigation of the globe. More...
  • Dynamics Explorer American earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1981.08.03 (Dynamics Explorer 1) and (Dynamics Explorer 2). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space. More...
  • SME American solar satellite. One launch, 1981.10.06. The Solar Mesosphere Explorer satellite was developed to investigate the processes that create and destroy ozone in the Earth's upper atmosphere. More...
  • Landsat 4-5 American earth land resources satellite. 2 launches, 1982.07.16 (Landsat 4) to 1984.03.01 (Landsat 5). More...
  • Space Station Designs - 1982 American manned space station. Study 1982. NASA regarded a permanently manned space station as the next 'logical step' in manned spaceflight after the Space Shuttle entered service in April 1981. More...
  • IRAS American infrared astronomy satellite. 2 launches, 1983.01.26 (IRAS) and (PIX 2). All-sky survey of astronomical IR bodies. More...
  • Challenger American manned spaceplane. 10 launches, 1983.04.04 (STS-6) to 1986.01.28 (STS-51-L). More...
  • TDRS American military communications satellite. 7 launches, 1983.04.04 (TDRS 1) to 1995.07.13 (TDRS 7). Satellite communications network, for use by Shuttle and US military satellites. More...
  • HL-20 American manned spaceplane. Study 1988. The HL-20 was a NASA Langley design for a manned spaceplane as a backup to the space shuttle (in case it was abandoned or grounded) and as a CERV (Crew Emergency Return Vehicle) for the Freedom space station. More...
  • IRT American technology satellite. One launch, 1984.02.03. Deployed from STS 41B 2/5/84. More...
  • LDEF American earth micrometeoroid satellite. One launch, 1984.04.06. More...
  • AMPTE American earth magnetosphere satellite. 4 launches, 1984.08.16 (CCE-1) to (Solar Cell Experiment). Charge Composition Explorer; detected tracer ions released into magnetosphere by IRM. More...
  • Discovery American manned spaceplane. 39 launches, 1984.08.30 to 2011.02.24. More...
  • ERBS American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1984.10.05. ERBS was part of the NASA's three-satellite Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE), designed to investigate how energy from the Sun is absorbed and re-emitted by the Earth. More...
  • Polar Platform American manned space station. Study 1984. In order to increase the Space Station's and Space Shuttle's appeal, NASA tried to involve as many users as possible. More...
  • Rescue Ball American manned rescue spacecraft. Study 1984. The Personal Rescue Enclosure (PRE) Rescue Ball was an 86 cm diameter high-tech beach ball for transport of astronauts from a spacecraft in distress to the space shuttle. More...
  • Space Station 1984 American manned space station. Design as of 1984. President Reagan finally approved a space station project for NASA in January 1984. More...
  • Shuttle MMU American space mobility device, tested 1984. The MMU Manned Maneuvering Unit was designed for maneuvering by astronauts untethered from the shuttle. It was used on several satellite retrieval missions in the early 1980's. More...
  • International Space Station American manned space station. Development from 1994. Assembled in orbit from 1998, with completion expected 2010. In 1987-1993 the Russians successfully assembled and operated the 124-metric ton Mir station. More...
  • Spartan American solar satellite. 8 launches, 1985.06.17 (Spartan 1) to 1998.10.29 (Spartan 201). More...
  • PDP American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1985.07.29. Plasma Diagnostics Package; released by STS 51F 8/1/85, retrieved 8/2/85. More...
  • Atlantis American manned spaceplane. 33 launches, 1985.10.03 to 2011.07.08. The space shuttle Atlantis was the fourth orbiter to become operational at Kennedy Space Center, and the last of the original production run. More...
  • AX-5 American space suit, tested 1985. The AX-5 high pressure, zero prebreathe hard suit was developed at NASA Ames Research Center in the 1980s. It achieved mobility through a constant volume, using a hard metal/composite rigid exoskeleton design. More...
  • Dual Keel Space Station - 1985 American manned space station. Study 1985. NASA radically changed its Space Station baseline design in October 1985 following frequent complaints from users and astronauts. More...
  • Lagrangian Interplanetary Shuttle Vehicle American manned Mars expedition. Study 1985. A Lagrangian approach to Mars exploration was proposed in June 1985. This would use the L1 sunward point of equal Earth/Moon/Sun gravity to assemble and refuel a large Interplanetary Shuttle Vehicle spacecraft. More...
  • NASA-LANL Manned Mars Mission 1985 American manned Mars flyby. Study 1985. Joint Los Alamos/NASA design for a quick Mars flyby mission using hardware planned for development by NASA in the 1990's. More...
  • OTV American space tug. Studied 1985-1989. The Orbital Transfer Vehicle was reusable space tug, powered by Lox/LH2 engines and equipped with an aerobrake allowing it to be returned for refueling and reuse at an orbiting space station. More...
  • NASA ACRV American manned spaceplane. Study 1986. The early Space Station proposals assumed the facility would be equipped with a 'safe haven' where the crew would wait for a rescue Shuttle in case of emergency. More...
  • Pioneering the Space Frontier American manned Mars expedition. Study 1986. In 1984 a National Commission on Space was formed, with ex-NASA Administrator Thomas Paine at its head. More...
  • Shuttle LES American space suit, operational 1986. After the Challenger disaster, it was decided to provide the crew with pressure suits to be worn during launch and re-entry. More...
  • DRM 1 Mars Local Rover American manned Mars rover. Study 1987. The local unpressurized rover for the Mars Design Reference Mission was conceptually the same as the Apollo lunar rover. More...
  • Flight Telerobotic Servicer American logistics spacecraft. Study 1987. NASA decided to develop a $288-million Flight Telerobotic Servicer in 1987 after Congress voiced concern about American competitiveness in the field of robotics. More...
  • Outpost on the Moon American manned lunar base. Study 1987. Former astronaut Sally Ride was asked to head a task force to formulate a new NASA strategic plan in August 1986. More...
  • OMV American space tug. Cancelled 1987. The Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV) was an important component in NASA's future Space Station plans in the 1980s. More...
  • Ride Report American manned Mars expedition. Study 1987. Former astronaut Sally Ride was asked to head a task force to formulate a new NASA strategic plan in August 1986. More...
  • ISS Space Telescope American visible astronomy satellite. Study 1988. The Space Station's free-flying unmanned platforms were all deleted in 1987-90 to compensate for the budget cuts. However, some of them may yet be reintroduced in the 21st century. More...
  • Mars Expedition 88 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1988. In 1988, in response to a perceived Soviet plan to start a new space race to Mars, NASA made in depth case studies of a rapid US response. More...
  • Mars Evolution 1988 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1988. In 1988 NASA made four case studies of a rapid response to the threat of a Soviet manned expedition to Mars. More...
  • Phobos Expedition 88 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1988. Human Expedition to Phobos was one of four in-depth NASA case studies in 1988 in response to a perceived imminent Soviet manned Mars program. More...
  • Magellan American Venus probe. One launch, 1989.05.04. The primary objectives of the Magellan mission were to map the surface of Venus with a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and to determine the topographic relief of the planet. More...
  • Space Station Freedom American manned space station. Design as of 1988. NASA's first detailed cost assessment for the US space station caused a political uproar in Congress, where many politicians had started to express doubt about the project. More...
  • Galileo Probe American outer planets probe. One launch, 1989.10.18. Jupiter atmospheric probe; deployed from Galileo 7/13/95; entered Jupiter atmosphere 12/7/95. More...
  • Galileo American outer planets probe. One launch, 1989.10.18. The Galileo Jupiter orbiter was designed to perform in-depth studies of the giant planet's atmosphere, satellites, and surrounding magnetosphere. More...
  • COBE American infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 1989.11.18. More...
  • 90 Day Study American manned Mars expedition. Study 1989. Following the Ride Report, the Bush administration indicated a willingness to support a new manned space initiative after completion of the space station. More...
  • LEV American manned lunar lander. Study 1989. The Lunar Excursion Vehicle (LEV) figured in numerous NASA studies of the 1980's and 1990's. More...
  • Mars Evolution 1989 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1989. In 1989 NASA's Mars Evolution case study examined one approach to develop a permanent, largely self-sufficient Mars outpost with significant scientific research capability. More...
  • Mars Expedition 89 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1989. The primary objective of the 1989 Mars Expedition case study was to determine how to accomplish a single human expedition to the surface of Mars as early in the 21st century as practical. More...
  • HST American visible astronomy satellite. One launch, 1990.04.24. The Hubble Space Telescope was designed to provide a space telescope with an order of magnitude better resolution than ground-based instruments. More...
  • CRRES American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1990.07.25. Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite. Chemical release experiment. More...
  • Ulysses European solar satellite. One launch, 1990.10.06. Ulysses was a joint NASA / ESA mission designed to study the polar regions of the Sun. More...
  • CRAF American comet probe. Cancelled in the early 1990s. The CRAF spacecraft (Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby) was to have rendezvoused with the Comet Kopff and flown alongside the comet for at least three years. More...
  • Daylight Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1990. The Daylight Rover was a Boeing concept of 1990, which consisted of two separate pressure vessels. The forward served as the driving station, and the rear served as a storm shelter and EVA airlock. More...
  • Light Utility Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1990. In 1990, Boeing Advanced Civil Space Systems performed an Advanced Civil Space Systems Piloted Rover Technology Assessment Study, which considered both a large pressurized and a small unpressurized rover. More...
  • GRO American gamma ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 1991.04.05, Compton Observatory. The Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was the gamma-ray element of NASA's Great Observatories program . More...
  • UARS American earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1991.09.12. The Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite was designed to study the physical and chemical processes occurring in the Earth's upper atmosphere (between 15 and 100 km). More...
  • Mars Semi-Direct 1991 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1991. Mars Semi-Direct was a NASA concept bridge between Zubrin's Mars Direct and NASA's Design Reference Mission 1.0. It was essentially a low-cost version of Boeing's STCAEM. More...
  • Mars Direct American manned Mars expedition. Study 1991. In 1991 Martin Marietta and NASA Ames (Zubrin, Baker, and Gwynne) proposed 'Mars Direct' - a Mars expedition faster, cheaper, and better than the standard NASA plan. More...
  • Space Station Fred American manned space station. Design as of 1991. Following the collapse of the Space Station Freedom project, NASA unveiled its new Space Station design in March 1991. More...
  • STCAEM Cryogenic AeroBrake American manned Mars expedition. Study 1991. The STCAEM cryogenic / aerobrake (CAB) concept was used as the NASA reference vehicle. More...
  • STCAEM SEP American manned Mars expedition. Study 1991. The solar electric propulsion (SEP) Mars transfer concept was the only non-nuclear advanced propulsion option in the STCAEM study. More...
  • STCAEM Cryogenic AeroBrake TMIS American space tug. Study 1991. The Trans-Mars Injection Stage (TMIS) consisted of a core unit with four advanced space engines (ASE), avionics and cryogenic propellant tanks, and provision for up to four "strap-on" propellant tank sets. More...
  • STCAEM MEV American manned Mars lander. Study 1991. The reference Mars Excursion vehicle (MEV) was a manned lander that could transport a crew of four to the surface. More...
  • STCAEM Cryogenic AeroBrake MTV American manned Mars orbiter. Study 1991. The Mars Transfer Vehicle (MTV) configuration consisted of a transit habitat sized for four crew, an aerobrake, and a TEl Propulsion system. More...
  • Synthesis Study American manned Mars expedition. Study 1991. On 11 May 1991 President Bush declared that he would support a Space Exploration Initiative program leading to a Mars Landing by 2014. More...
  • Endeavour American manned spaceplane. 25 launches, 1992.05.07 to 2011.05.16. Built as a replacement after the loss of the Challenger; named after the first ship commanded by James Cook. More...
  • SAMPEX American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1992.07.03. More...
  • Geotail Japanese earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1992.07.24. Measured magnetosphere and Earth's geomagnetic tail; Diffuse Ultraviolet Explorer package bolted to Delta 2 second stage. More...
  • Eureca European materials science satellite. One launch, 1992.07.31. Microgravity experiments; deployed from one shuttle mission, left in earth orbit for extended periods, and retrieved and returned to earth on a later shuttle flight. More...
  • Topex/Poseidon American earth sea satellite. One launch, 1992.08.10. TOPEX/Poseidon was a co-operative mission between the United States and France designed to provide high-accuracy global sea level measurements. More...
  • Mars Observer American Mars orbiter. One launch, 1992.09.25. Mars Observer was a NASA mission to study the surface, atmosphere, interior and magnetic field of Mars from Martian orbit. More...
  • First Lunar Outpost American manned lunar base. Study 1992. The First Lunar Outpost was a very comprehensive moon base study carried out by NASA's Office of Exploration in 1992. More...
  • Mega Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1992. The Mega Rover was conceived to support a crew of six over thousands of kilometers of traverses. Variants had masses as great as 45 metric tons, exclusive of the descent and landing system. More...
  • NASA Mark III American space suit, tested 1992. The NASA Mark III was an advanced NASA space suit design of the 1990's. More...
  • Pressurized Lunar Rover - Dual Hull American manned lunar rover. Study 1992. An alternate April 1992 USRA study by students at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University sketched out a design for a Pressurized Lunar Rover (PLR) using dual hulls. More...
  • PLR American manned lunar rover. Study 1992. A May 1992 USRA study by students at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University sketched out a design for a Pressurized Lunar Rover (PLR). More...
  • Rover First American manned lunar rover. Study 1992. Boeing updated their Apollo-era MOLAB pressurized rover concept in 1992. The concept, dubbed "Rover First," was smaller than the traditional pressurized rovers, and did not require a separate landing vehicle. More...
  • ACTS American communications technology satellite. One launch, 1993.09.12. NASA experimental communications; Advanced Communications Technology Satellite. More...
  • Landsat 6 American earth land resources satellite. One launch, 1993.10.05. Landsat 6 was designed to continue the Landsat program and carried an improved suite of instruments. More...
  • Crew Lander Reference Version 1 American manned Mars lander. Study 1993. The first version of the NASA Crew Lander for the design reference mission would land the crew and a Mars surface habitat on the surface near the previously-landed cargo lander. More...
  • Cargo Lander Reference Version 3 American manned Mars lander. Study 1993. The second version of the NASA Cargo Lander for the design reference mission 3.0 was similar in concept to the first but mass was reduced nearly 30% by a thorough study and scrub of each element. More...
  • Space Station Options 1993 American manned space station. Study 1993. Following the collapse of Space Station Fred, NASA quickly formed a Space Station redesign team which identified three major redesign options in April 1993.... More...
  • Clementine American lunar orbiter. One launch, 1994.01.25. Clementine was jointly sponsored by BMDO and NASA as the Deep Space Program Science Experiment (DSPSE). More...
  • Clark American earth atmosphere satellite. Cancelled in 1998 when overruns had reached 20% of original price and no end to development was in sight. More...
  • Wind American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1994.11.01. Wind was designed to provide continuous measurement of the solar wind, particularly charged particles and magnetic field data. More...
  • WSF American materials science satellite. 2 launches, 1995.09.07 (WSF 2) and 1996.11.19 (WSF). Wake Shield Facility; released and later retrieved by the Shuttle in a single mission; semiconductor materials research. More...
  • Mir-Shuttle Docking Module Russian manned space station. One launch, 1995.11.12. A specialized SO docking module was originally designed for docking the Buran space shuttle with the Mir-2 space station. More...
  • SOHO European solar satellite. One launch, 1995.12.02. SOHO was a component of the Collaborative Solar-Terrestrial Research (COSTR) Program of the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Program. More...
  • XTE American x-ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 1995.12.30. X-ray Timing Explorer; X-ray astronomy. More...
  • Ratler American earth rover. Tested 1995. Robotic All Terrain Lunar Exploration Rover demonstrated the use of existing technology for lunar exploration missions. More...
  • NEAR American asteroid probe. One launch, 1996.02.17. NEAR (Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous) was the first spacecraft ever to orbit and then (improvisationally) land on an asteroid. More...
  • Polar American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1996.02.24. Polar was designed to measure the entry, energization, and transport of plasma into the magnetosphere as part of the International Solar Terrestrial Program (ISTP). More...
  • IAE American technology satellite. One launch, 1996.05.19. Deployed from Spartan 207 5/20/96; test of inflatable antenna technology. Reentered May 22. More...
  • TOMS-EP American earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1996.07.02. More...
  • FAST American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1996.08.21. FAST was designed to observe and measure rapidly varying electric and magnetic fields and the flow of electrons and ions above the aurora. More...
  • SAC-B Argentinan solar satellite. One launch, 1996.11.04. SAC-B, an Argentine / US mission, was designed to study solar physics and astrophysics through the examination of solar flares, gamma-ray burst sources and the diffuse soft X-ray cosmic background. More...
  • Mars Global Surveyor American Mars orbiter. One launch, 1996.11.07. Mars Global Surveyor was a polar orbiting spacecraft designed to monitor Martian global weather and provide comprehensive maps of surface topography and the distribution of minerals. More...
  • ORFEUS American ultraviolet astronomy satellite. One launch, 1996.11.19. ORFEUS was a German astronomical satellite. It was deployed by the shuttle remote manipulating system arm and retrieved after six days of free flight. More...
  • Mars Pathfinder American Mars rover. 3 launches, 1996.12.04 (Mars Pathfinder) to (Mars Pathfinder). Mars lander with surface rover. Landed a mini-rover to the Mars surface. Test of airbag and rover technologies. First successful Mars landing mission since Viking. More...
  • Crew Lander Reference Version 3 American manned Mars lander. Study 1996. The second version of the NASA Crew Lander for the design reference mission would land the crew and a Mars surface habitat on the surface near the previously-landed cargo lander. More...
  • Design Reference Mission 3 American manned Mars expedition. Study 1996. This July 1997 DRM was a subscale version of the original, with a scrub of the original payloads to reduce mass wherever possible. More...
  • Orbview-2 American civilian surveillance satellite. One launch, 1997.08.01. The SeaStar satellite carries the SeaWiFS instrument which was designed to monitor the color of the world's oceans. More...
  • Lewis American earth land resources satellite. One launch, 1997.08.23. Lewis was selected in the NASA SSTI (Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative) program, along with Clark, to demonstrate advanced spacecraft technologies. More...
  • ACE American solar satellite. One launch, 1997.08.25. More...
  • Cassini American outer planets probe. 2 launches, 1997.10.15 (Cassini) and (Huygens). The Cassini spacecraft was a scientific platform designed to perform an in-depth study of the Saturnian system. More...
  • TRMM American earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 1997.11.27. TRMM was an international mission dedicated to measuring tropical and subtropical rainfall. More...
  • DRM 1 Mars Rover - Pressurized American manned Mars rover. Study 1997. Hoffman and Kaplan proposed a large pressurized rover for long duration exploration sorties on Mars as a part of the Mars Design Reference Mission study. More...
  • HL-42 American manned spaceplane. Study 1997. The HL-42 was a reusable, lifting body manned spacecraft designed to be placed into low-Earth orbit by an expendable booster. More...
  • X-43 American spaceplane. Study 1997. NASA's X-43 Hyper-X program demonstrated an integrated hypersonic scramjet engine briefly at Mach 10 on its third and final flight. More...
  • SEDSAT American technology satellite. One launch, 1998.10.24. The SEDSAT micro-satellite was built by the Huntsville, Alabama chapter of SEDS (the Students for the Exploration and Development of Space). More...
  • ISS Unity American manned space station. One launch, 1998.10.29, Unity. Unity was the first U.S.-built component of the International Space Station. More...
  • SWAS American infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 1998.12.06. SWAS, the Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite, had a 0.6m telescope with a 490 to 550 GHz submillimeter receiver and an acousto-optical spectrometer. More...
  • MCO American Mars orbiter. One launch, 1998.12.11, Mars Climate Orbiter. The Mars Climate Orbiter was to have accomplished mapping and weather studies of Mars and served as a relay for data from the Mars Polar Lander. More...
  • Combo Lander Mission American manned Mars expedition. Study 1998. During the spring of 1998, NASA conducted a special study to design a human Mars mission that could be accommodated for launch by three heavy-lift launch vehicles. More...
  • Design Reference Mission 4 SEP American manned Mars expedition. Study 1998. In 1998 NASA Lewis studied a Solar Electric Transfer Vehicle for use in a Mars Expedition. This would never leave earth orbit yet provide most of the delta-V to send a spacecraft toward Mars. More...
  • Design Reference Mission 4 NTR American manned Mars expedition. Study 1998. The design reference mission 4.0 took into account all of the changes in payload masses as a result of further study of individual elements. More...
  • M-Suit American space suit, tested 1998. In the fall of 1998, two soft suit prototypes were delivered to NASA by two companies, ILC Dover and David Clark. ILC Dover's M-Suit operated at a pressure of 0.26 atmospheres and weighed 30 kg. More...
  • Nomad American earth rover. Study 1998. NOMAD was an unmanned rover developed by the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University to evaluate and demonstrate a robot capable of long distance and long duration planetary exploration. More...
  • Mars Polar Lander American Mars lander. One launch, 1999.01.03. The Mars Polar Lander had the mission of studying Martian volatiles (frozen water and carbon dioxide) and climate history. The Martian polar regions were the best places to conduct these studies. More...
  • Stardust American comet probe. One launch, 1999.02.07. Stardust was scheduled to encounter comet Wild-2 early in 2004 and collect samples of cometary dust and volatiles while flying through the coma at a distance of 100 km on the sunlit side of the nucleus. More...
  • WIRE American infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 1999.03.05. WIRE was designed to survey the celestial sky in the infrared bands and build on the results of the IRAS mission. More...
  • QuikScat American earth sea satellite. One launch, 1999.06.20. Built under a NASA rapid delivery contract. Carried the SeaWinds scatterometer for remote sensing of ocean winds. More...
  • Chandra American x-ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 1999.07.23. More...
  • ACRIMSAT American solar satellite. One launch, 1999.12.21. The NASA ACRIMSAT satellite was managed by JPL, and measured the integrated solar energy output from 0.2 to 2 microns. ACRIMSAT was built by Orbital Sciences. More...
  • Dual Lander Mission American manned Mars expedition. Study 1999. After some discussion within NASA, in the Combo Lander mission was found to be too lean. More...
  • Lunar Polar Rover American manned lunar rover. Study 1999. Pressurized rover concept for a hypothetical lunar polar mission. More...
  • IMAGE American solar satellite. One launch, 2000.03.25. The IMAGE spacecraft imaged remote particle populations in the magnetosphere. More...
  • Habot American manned lunar rover. Study 2000. The Habot (Habitat Robot) modules would land on six articulated legs, which also provided the locomotion. These walking modules could operate autonomously or in a teleoperation mode. More...
  • Mars Odyssey American Mars orbiter. One launch, 2001.04.07, 2001 Mars Odyssey. Mars Odyssey had the primary science mission of mapping the amount and distribution of chemical elements and minerals that make up the Martian surface. More...
  • Genesis American solar satellite. One launch, 2001.08.08. Genesis was part of NASA's Discovery program. Its objective was to fly to the Earth-Sun L1 point and spend two years collecting samples of the solar wind. More...
  • UoSAT British amateur radio communications satellite. One launch, 2001.09.30, Picosat. Radio science; also carried amateur radio package. Communication and geophysics research satellite. More...
  • HESSI American solar satellite. One launch, 2002.02.05. HESSI, the sixth Small Explorer, was a Spectrum Astro satellite derived from the SA-200S design. It carried a rotating modulation collimator transform telescope. More...
  • GRACE American earth geodetic satellite. 2 launched, 2002.03.17 (GRACE 1 ) and (GRACE 2 ). The GRACE mission was to accurately map variations in the Earth's gravity field over its 5-year lifetime. More...
  • Aqua American earth sea satellite. One launch, 2002.05.04. Aqua was also designated the EOS-PM Earth Observing System satellite, joining EOS-AM/Terra. The CERES and MODIS instruments aboard Aqua were also carried on the Terra satellite. More...
  • MEPSI American tether technology satellite. One launch, 2002.11.24. MEPSI (Micro-Electromechanical-based Picosat Satellite Inspection Experiment) consisted of two 1 kg boxes attached to each other by a 15-m tether. More...
  • Galex American ultraviolet astronomy satellite. One launch, 2003.04.28. The Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) was an orbiting space telescope that was to observe galaxies in ultraviolet wavelengths. More...
  • MER American Mars lander. 2 launches, 2003.06.10 (Spirit (Mars Exploration Rover A, MER-2)) to 2003.07.08 (Opportunity (Mars Exploration Rover B, MER-1)). NASA's rover mission design for the 2003 Mars launch opportunity. More...
  • Gravity Probe-B American earth geodetic satellite. One launch, 2004.04.20, Gravity Probe B. Gravity Probe B was an experiment developed by NASA and Stanford University to test two unverified predictions of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. More...
  • Aura American earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 2004.07.15. Earth Observing System (EOS) Aura was a NASA mission to study the Earth's ozone, air quality and climate. More...
  • Messenger American Mercury probe. One launch, 2004.08.03. NASA probe, launched in 2004 with the challenging mission of comprehensively mapping Mercury from orbit between March 2011 and March 2012. More...
  • Swift American gamma ray astronomy satellite. One launch, 2004.11.20. Swift was a first-of-its-kind multi-wavelength observatory dedicated to the study of gamma-ray burst (GRB) science. More...
  • Morphlab American manned lunar rover. Study 2004. Morphlab (Modular Roving Planetary Habitat, Laboratory, and Base) was a lunar exploration system proposed by the University of Maryland. More...
  • Deep Impact American comet probe. One launch, 2005.01.12. Studied interior composition of Comet Tempel 1. The flyby spacecraft carried a smaller impactor which it released, allowing it to study the plume from the collision with the comet on 2005.07.04. More...
  • CEV Spacehab American manned spacecraft. Study 2005. The final Spacehab CEV concept was a three-module spacecraft using a slightly enlarged Apollo command module for return of the crew to earth. More...
  • CEV Andrews American manned spacecraft. Study 2005. The Andrews Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) design adopted NASA's preferred Apollo CM re-entry vehicle shape, but combined it with a mission module crew cabin to minimize the CEV's mass. More...
  • Orion American manned spacecraft. In development. NASA's Crew Excursion Vehicle for the 21st Century More...
  • Cloudsat American earth weather satellite. One launch, 2006.04.28. More...
  • Calipso American earth weather satellite. One launch, 2006.04.28. More...
  • CEV SM American manned spacecraft module. Study 2006. The Service Module of NASA's Crew Exploration Vehicle provided basic consumables, control systems, and sufficient delta-V for return of the CEV from lunar orbit to the earth. More...
  • CEV American manned spacecraft. Study 2006. The Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) was NASA's planned manned spacecraft intended to carry human crews from Earth into space and back again from 2012 on. More...
  • Dawn American asteroid probe. One launch, 2007.09.27. Asteroid belt unmanned probe designed to first orbit and survey the asteroid Vesta, and then fly on to the largest asteroid, Ceres. Orbit asteroids Ceres and Vesta. More...
  • CEV SAIC American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. SAIC's notional CEV was a Soyuz-shaped aeroshell, enclosing a common pressurized module, and accommodating a crew of four. More...
  • CEV Lockheed American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. The Crew Exploration Vehicle first proposed by Lockheed was a lifting body with a total mass of 18 metric tons and a crew of four. More...
  • CEV Boeing American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. Boeing's CEV consisted of a four-crew Apollo-type capsule, a service module, and a pressurized mission module. More...
  • CEV Orbital American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. Orbital's nominal CEV was an Apollo-derived capsule. The CEV's service module would take the capsule from low earth orbit, to lunar orbit, and back to earth. More...
  • CEV Raytheon American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. Raytheon's CEV was a low L/D capsule, designed for three crew, sized so that an existing EELV Heavy could send it towards L1. More...
  • CEV Northrop American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. Northrop Grumman kept its CEV final proposal very secret, citing competitive concerns. More...
  • CEV Schafer American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. Schafer proposed a lightweight 11 metric ton integral CEV, staged from L1. More...
  • CEV Draper MIT American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. The Draper-MIT CEV proposal was an 8-metric ton integral ballistic capsule. More...
  • CXV American manned spacecraft. Study 2012. Crew Transfer Vehicle proposed by `t/Space and Burt Rutan's Scaled Composites for NASA's Crew Exploration Vehicle requirement. More...
  • Dragon American manned spacecraft. Commercial space capsule developed by SpaceX as a shuttle to take cargo and crews to the International Space Station and the Bigelow Commercial Station from 2011 on. First launched in 2010. More...
  • Kistler OV American space tug. Study 2012. The Kistler reusable launch vehicle concept included a reusable, recoverable second stage, dubbed the 'Orbital Vehicle', with an integral cargo module. More...
  • LSAM American manned lunar lander. Study 2018. Lunar lander proposed by NASA in 2005 for their planned return to the moon by 2018. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Flights
  • Mercury MA-6 Crew: Glenn. First US manned orbital mission, three orbits. False landing bag deploy light led to reentry being started with retropack left in place. It turned out the indicator light was false, but a spectacular reentry ensued. Backup crew: Carpenter. More...
  • Mercury MA-7 Crew: Carpenter. Second US manned orbital mission. Excessive fuel use and pilot error led to late re-entry, and landing 300 km past the intended point. Capsule ran out of orientation fuel during re-entry. Backup crew: Schirra. More...
  • Mercury MA-8 Crew: Schirra. Most successful American manned space flight to that date, six orbits, returning to earth precisely, with astronaut aboard recovery ship 40 minutes after landing. Speed record (7,850 m/s). Backup crew: Cooper. More...
  • STS-1 Crew: Crippen, Young. First rocketplane flight to orbit. First flight of space shuttle. The only time a new spacecraft was launched manned on its first flight. Many thought it would be a disaster. More...
  • STS-2 Crew: Engle, Truly. First reuse of a manned space vehicle. First use of a remote manipulator in space. Second shuttle test flight. Experienced erosion of the primary O-ring in the right SRM aft field joint, the worst until the loss of the space shuttle Challenger. More...
  • STS-3 Crew: Fullerton, Lousma. First and only landing by a shuttle at White Sands, New Mexico, after weather at Edwards did not permit landing there. More...
  • STS-4 Crew: Hartsfield, Mattingly. First Getaway Specials flown. Manned two crew. Fourth space shuttle test flight. More...
  • STS-5 Crew: Allen, Brand, Lenoir, Overmyer. First operational STS mission, first commercial communications satellites deployed, firstfour-person spacecraft crew. EVA cancelled because one astronaut was vomiting so severely due to space sickness. More...
  • STS-6 Crew: Bobko, Musgrave, Peterson, Weitz. First flight of space shuttle Challenger. First space walk of Shuttle program Manned four crew. Deployed Tracking and Data Relay Satellite. More...
  • STS-7 Crew: Crippen, Fabian, Hauck, Ride, Thagard. First US woman in space. Record 5 crew aboard a single spacecraft to date. Thagard flew as physician to study space sickness, which had severely impacted STS-5 operations. Deployed Anik C2, Palapa B1; deployed and retrieved SPAS platform. More...
  • STS-8 Crew: Bluford, Brandenstein, Gardner, Thornton Bill, Truly. First African-American in space. First shuttle night launch and night landing. First night launch and night landing. Deployed Insat 1B. More...
  • STS-9 Crew: Garriott, Lichtenberg, Merbold, Parker, Shaw, Young. First West German to fly in space. First Spacelab mission. Record six crew size in a single spacecraft. Suspect exhaust nozzle on right solid rocket booster. Landing delayed when two computers failed. Landed on fire when hydraulic pump leaked. More...
  • STS-41-B Crew: Brand, Gibson, McCandless, McNair, Stewart. First untethered space walk. First shuttle landing at Kennedy Space Center. Manned five crew. Deployed Westar 6, Palapa B2; tested Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU). O-ring erosion in both the right hand nozzle joint and the left SRB forward field joint. More...
  • STS-41-C Crew: Crippen, Hart, Nelson, Scobee, van Hoften. Manned five crew. First repair on orbit of a satellite, Solar Maximum Mission, snared by astronaut using MMU. Deployed LDEF. Experienced erosion of the primary O-ring in the right-hand nozzle joint. More...
  • STS-41-D Crew: Coats, Hartsfield, Hawley, Mullane, Resnik, Walker. First flight of shuttle Discovery. Manned six crew. First flight of space shuttle Discovery; deployed SBS 4, Leasat 1, Telstar 3C. First launch aborted at T-3 seconds after SSMEs ignited, Toilet failed. First occurrence of blow-by in SRB field joints. More...
  • STS-41-G Crew: Crippen, Garneau, Leestma, McBride, Ride, Scully-Power, Sullivan. First spaceflight to include two women. First American woman to walk in space. First Canadian astronaut. Record crew size aboard a single spacecraft. Manned seven crew. Deployed Earth Radiation Budget Satellite; performed high resolution Earth imagery. More...
  • STS-51-A Crew: Allen, Fisher, Gardner, Hauck, Walker Dave. Manned five crew. First retrieval of two satellites (Palapa B-2 and Westar Vl) for return to earth. Deployed Anik D2, Leasat 2. More...
  • STS-51-C Crew: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. First shuttle military mission. Manned five crew. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Experienced blow-by in both nozzle joints and erosion and blow-by in two case joints. More...
  • STS-51-D Crew: Bobko, Garn, Griggs, Hoffman, Seddon, Walker, Williams Donald. First politician in space. Deployed Telesat-I (successful) and Syncom IV-3 (motor failed). Inboard right-side brake locked on landing, resulting in severe damage. Senator aboard resented, and had one of the worst cases of space sickness ever recorded. More...
  • STS-51-B Crew: Gregory, Lind, Overmyer, Thagard, Thornton Bill, van den Berg, Wang. Manned seven crew. Deployed Nusat; carried Spacelab 3, conducted materials processing, environmental, life science, astrophysics,and technology experiments. Suffered the worst O-ring erosion experienced prior to the loss of Challenger More...
  • STS-51-G Crew: Al-Saud, Baudry, Brandenstein, Creighton, Fabian, Lucid, Nagel. First Saudi astronaut. Deployed and retrieved Spartan 1; launched Morelos 1, Arabsat 1B, Telstar 3D. Experienced blow-by and erosion in both nozzle joints. More...
  • STS-51-F Crew: Acton, Bartoe, Bridges, England, Fullerton, Henize, Musgrave. Manned seven crew. Number one engine shut down prematurely during ascent; abort to orbit declared. Mission continued. Launched PDP; carried Spacelab 2. Primary O-ring was affected by heat. More...
  • STS-51-I Crew: Covey, Engle, Fisher William, Lounge, van Hoften. First retrieval, repair, and relaunch of a satellite in orbit (Leasat 3). Manned five crew. Launched Aussat 1, ASC 1, Leasat 4. Suffered primary O-ring erosion in two locations on the left-hand SRM nozzle joint. More...
  • STS-51-J Crew: Bobko, Grabe, Hilmers, Pailes, Stewart. First flight of shuttle Atlantis. Military mission, manned five crew. Deployed USA-11, USA-12. More...
  • STS-61-A Crew: Bluford, Buchli, Dunbar, Furrer, Hartsfield, Messerschmid, Nagel, Ockels. Record crew size aboard a single spacecraft. First Dutch astronaut. Manned eight crew. Launched GLOMR; carried Spacelab D1. Six of the eight crew members were divided into a blue and red team working 12-hour shifts. Experienced O-ring erosion. More...
  • STS-61-B Crew: Cleave, Neri Vela, O Connor, Ross, Shaw, Spring, Walker. Manned seven crew. Deployed Morelos 2, Aussat 2, Satcom K2, OEX. Experienced primary O-ring erosion in both nozzle joints More...
  • STS-61-C Crew: Bolden, Cenker, Chang-Diaz, Gibson, Hawley, Nelson, Nelson Bill. Manned seven crew. Launched Satcom K1. Second politician in space; he bumped Jarvis to later launch on which he was killed. Launch scrub saved crew from death due to undetected jammed SSME valve. Experienced nozzle joint O-ring erosion. More...
  • STS-51-L Crew: Jarvis, McAuliffe, McNair, Onizuka, Resnik, Scobee, Smith. First shuttle launch from pad LC-39B. An O-ring failure in a solid rocket booster led to leaking of hot gases against the external tank; exploded 73 seconds after launch, all seven crew, with no means of escape, were killed when crew cabin hit the ocean. More...
  • STS-26 Crew: Covey, Hauck, Hilmers, Lounge, Nelson. Manned five crew. First shuttle reflight after Challenger disaster. Deployed TDRS 3. More...
  • STS-27 Crew: Gardner Guy, Gibson, Mullane, Ross, Shepherd. Manned military mission, five crew. Robot arm used to deploy a classified satellite. At T+85 seconds a large piece of SRB nose cone struck the shuttle. The orbiter took 707 hits; one tile was knocked off. The crew was unsure if they would survive reentry. More...
  • STS-29 Crew: Bagian, Blaha, Buchli, Coats, Springer. Manned five crew. Deployed TDRS 4. More...
  • STS-30 Crew: Cleave, Grabe, Lee, Thagard, Walker Dave. Manned five crew. Deployed Magellan Venus probe. One of five General Purpose Computers failed and had to be replaced with a sixth onboard hardware spare. First time a GPC was switched on orbit. More...
  • STS-28 Crew: Adamson, Brown Mark, Leestma, Richards, Shaw. Manned five crew. Deployed two classified satellites. More...
  • STS-34 Crew: Baker, Chang-Diaz, Lucid, McCulley, Williams Donald. Manned five crew. Deployed Galileo Jupiter probe. More...
  • STS-33 Crew: Blaha, Carter, Gregory, Musgrave, Thornton. Manned five crew. Deployed a classified payload. More...
  • STS-32 Crew: Brandenstein, Dunbar, Ivins, Low, Wetherbee. Manned five crew. Deployed Leasat 5, retrieved LDEF. Night landing. Second bipod ramp foam loss. More...
  • STS-36 Crew: Casper, Creighton, Hilmers, Mullane, Thuot. Classified mission in 62 degree orbit, the highest inclination orbit ever flown by an American mission. Launch delayed due to illness of crew members. More...
  • STS-31 Crew: Bolden, Hawley, McCandless, Shriver, Sullivan. Deployed HST (Hubble Space Telescope). More...
  • STS-41 Crew: Akers, Cabana, Melnick, Richards, Shepherd. Manned five crew. Deployed Ulysses spacecraft. More...
  • STS-38 Crew: Covey, Culbertson, Gemar, Meade, Springer. Manned five crew. Deployed a classified payload. Launch delayed from July 1990 for series of technical problems. First post-Challenger landing at KSC after mission extended one day due to unacceptable crosswinds at original planned landing site, Edwards. More...
  • STS-35 Crew: Brand, Durrance, Gardner Guy, Hoffman, Lounge, Parise, Parker. Manned seven crew. Carried ASTRO-1 observatory. Launch scrubbed several times due to hydrogen leaks. More...
  • STS-37 Crew: Apt, Cameron, Godwin, Nagel, Ross. Manned five crew. Unscheduled EVA to manually deploy the Gamma-Ray Observatory's high-gain antenna, which failed to deploy upon ground command. More...
  • STS-39 Crew: Bluford, Coats, Hammond, Harbaugh, Hieb, McMonagle, Veach. Manned seven crew. Deployed USA-70, CRO A, CRO B, CRO C; deployed and retrieved Infrared Background Signature Survey . More...
  • STS-40 Crew: Bagian, Gaffney, Gutierrez, Hughes-Fulford, Jernigan, O Connor, Seddon. Carried Spacelab life sciences module. More...
  • STS-43 Crew: Adamson, Baker Mike, Blaha, Low, Lucid. Manned five crew. Deployed TDRS 5 satellite. More...
  • STS-48 Crew: Brown Mark, Buchli, Creighton, Gemar, Reightler. Manned five crew. Deployed UARS; conducted materials and biological research. More...
  • STS-44 Crew: Gregory, Hennen, Henricks, Musgrave, Runco, Voss. Manned six crew. Deployed Defense Support Program satellite. More...
  • STS-42 Crew: Bondar, Grabe, Hilmers, Merbold, Oswald, Readdy, Thagard. Manned seven crew. Carried International Microgravity Laboratory-1. More...
  • STS-45 Crew: Bolden, Duffy, Foale, Frimout, Leestma, Lichtenberg, Sullivan. First Belgian astronaut. Manned seven crew. Carried ATLAS-1 experimental package. More...
  • STS-49 Crew: Akers, Brandenstein, Chilton, Hieb, Melnick, Thornton, Thuot. First flight of shuttle Endeavour. First three-person spacewalk. First active dual rendezvous of two orbiting spacecraft (Endeavour and Intelsat-6). Retrieved Intelsat 6 and attached new SRM. First deployment of a drag chute on the orbiter fleet. More...
  • STS-50 Crew: Baker, Bowersox, DeLucas, Dunbar, Meade, Richards, Trinh. First extended-duration shuttle mission. Carried United States Microgravity Laboratory. More...
  • STS-46 Crew: Allen Andy, Chang-Diaz, Hoffman, Ivins, Malerba, Nicollier, Shriver. First Italian astronaut. First Swiss astronaut. Manned seven crew. Deployed Eureca-1; failed to deploy Italian tether probe TSS-1. More...
  • STS-47 Crew: Apt, Brown, Davis, Gibson, Jemison, Lee, Mohri. First on-time Shuttle launch since November 1985. First Japanese astronaut aboard shuttle. First African-American woman to fly in space. First married couple to fly on the same space mission Carried Spacelab-J with microgravity and biology experiments. More...
  • STS-52 Crew: Baker Mike, Jernigan, MacLean, Shepherd, Veach, Wetherbee. Deployed Lageos 2, CTA. External tank lost a 10 x 20 cm corner of the left bipod ramp; orbiter took a higher-than-average 290 hits on upper and lower tiles. More...
  • STS-53 Crew: Bluford, Cabana, Clifford, Voss, Walker Dave. Manned five crew. Deployed classified military satellite USA-89. The ODERACS payload was unable to be deployed because of payload equipment malfunction. More...
  • STS-54 Crew: Casper, Harbaugh, Helms, McMonagle, Runco. Manned five crew. Deployed TDRSS 6. More...
  • STS-56 Crew: Cameron, Cockrell, Foale, Ochoa, Oswald. First radio contact between Shuttle and Mir space station. Manned five crew. Carried Atlas-2; deployed and retrieved Spartan 201. More...
  • STS-55 Crew: Harris, Henricks, Nagel, Precourt, Ross, Schlegel, Walter. Manned seven crew. Carried German Spacelab-D2. More...
  • STS-57 Crew: Currie, Duffy, Grabe, Low, Voss Janice, Wisoff. First flight of Spacehab module. Manned six crew. Retrieved Eureca-1 spacecraft. More...
  • STS-51 Crew: Bursch, Culbertson, Newman, Readdy, Walz. First shuttle night landing in Florida. Deployed and retrieved Orfeus-SPAS. During the EVA conducted tests in support of the Hubble Space Telescope first servicing mission and future EVAs, including Space Station assembly and maintenance. More...
  • STS-58 Crew: Blaha, Fettman, Lucid, McArthur, Searfoss, Seddon, Wolf. Biological, microgravity experiments aboard Spacelab 2. More...
  • STS-61 Crew: Akers, Bowersox, Covey, Hoffman, Musgrave, Nicollier, Thornton. Manned seven crew. Hubble repair mission. Conducted the most EVAs on a Space Shuttle Flight to that date. More...
  • STS-60 Crew: Bolden, Chang-Diaz, Davis, Krikalyov, Reightler, Sega. First flight of a Russian cosmonaut aboard an American spacecraft. Deployed ODERACS A-F, Bremsat, carried Wake Shield Facility. Backup crew: Titov Vladimir. More...
  • STS-62 Crew: Allen Andy, Casper, Gemar, Ivins, Thuot. Carried USMP-2, OAST-2, SAMPIE, TES, EISG experiments. The external tank lost a 2.4 x 7 cm piece of foamin the rear face of the left bipod ramp. More...
  • STS-59 Crew: Apt, Chilton, Clifford, Godwin, Gutierrez, Jones. Carried SRL-1 / SIR-C SAR radar. The Space Radar Laboratory obtained radar high-resolution images of approximately 25 percent of the planet's land surfaces. More...
  • STS-65 Crew: Cabana, Chiao, Halsell, Hieb, Mukai, Thomas, Walz. First Japanese woman to fly in space. Carried IML-2; microgravity, biology experiments. Backup crew: Favier. More...
  • STS-64 Crew: Hammond, Helms, Lee, Linenger, Meade, Richards. Flew Lidar In-Space Technology Experiment (LITE), Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN) 201-II experiments. More...
  • STS-68 Crew: Baker Mike, Bursch, Jones, Smith Steven, Wilcutt, Wisoff. Carried SIR-C SAR. Continued high-resolution radar mapping of the earth begun on STS-59. More...
  • STS-66 Crew: Brown, Clervoy, McMonagle, Ochoa, Parazynski, Tanner. Carried Atlas-3 laboratory; deployed and retrieved CRISTA-SPAS. More...
  • STS-63 Crew: Collins Eileen, Foale, Harris, Titov Vladimir, Voss Janice, Wetherbee. First African-American to walk in space. First female shuttle pilot. First rendezvous of a shuttle with the Mir space station. Deployed ODERACS 2A-2E; deployed and retrieved Spartan 204. Backup crew: Krikalyov. More...
  • STS-67 Crew: Durrance, Gregory William, Grunsfeld, Jernigan, Lawrence, Oswald, Parise. First shuttle mission connected to the Internet. Carried Astro 2 astronomy payload with 3 UV telescopes. More...
  • STS-71 Crew: Baker, Dunbar, Gibson, Harbaugh, Precourt. First docking of a US spacecraft with the Mir space station. More...
  • STS-70 Crew: Currie, Henricks, Kregel, Thomas, Weber. Deployed TDRS 7. More...
  • STS-69 Crew: Cockrell, Gernhardt, Newman, Voss, Walker Dave. Deployed and retrieved Spartan 201, Wake Shield Facility 2. More...
  • STS-73 Crew: Bowersox, Coleman, Leslie, Lopez-Alegria, Rominger, Sacco, Thornton. Carried USML-2 for microgravity experiments (attached to Columbia). More...
  • STS-74 Crew: Cameron, Hadfield, Halsell, McArthur, Ross. Docked with Mir space station. Delivered the Russian-built 316GK Shuttle-Mir docking module to Mir. More...
  • STS-72 Crew: Barry, Chiao, Duffy, Jett, Scott Winston, Wakata. Deployed and retrieved OAST Flyer; retrieved SFU Space Flyer Unit. Beside the two satellite retrievals, the mission included two spacewalks. More...
  • STS-75 Crew: Allen Andy, Chang-Diaz, Cheli, Guidoni, Hoffman, Horowitz, Nicollier. Carried TSS-1R tether satellite; satellite tether broke during deployment, making TSS-1R an unintentional free flyer. More...
  • STS-76 Crew: Chilton, Clifford, Godwin, Searfoss, Sega. Shuttle-Mir Mission 3. First American EVA on Mir space station. More...
  • STS-77 Crew: Brown, Bursch, Casper, Garneau, Runco, Thomas Andrew. Deployed and retrieved Spartan 2; deployed PAMS-STU; carried Spacehab module. More...
  • STS-78 Crew: Brady, Favier, Helms, Henricks, Kregel, Linnehan, Thirsk. Carried Life and Microgravity Spacelab; human biological and microgravity experiments. More...
  • STS-79 Crew: Akers, Apt, Readdy, Walz, Wilcutt. Carried Spacehab Double Module, containing supplies for the Mir. More...
  • STS-80 Crew: Cockrell, Jernigan, Jones, Musgrave, Rominger. Carried the Orfeus astronomy satellite, Wake Shield Facility. The shuttle's exit hatch would not open and NASA cancelled the planned spacewalks of the mission. More...
  • STS-81 Crew: Baker Mike, Grunsfeld, Ivins, Jett, Wisoff. Transferred 2,715 kg of equipment to and from Mir. More...
  • STS-82 Crew: Bowersox, Harbaugh, Hawley, Horowitz, Lee, Smith Steven, Tanner. Hubble repair mission; five spacewalks. More...
  • STS-83 Crew: Crouch, Gernhardt, Halsell, Kilrain, Linteris, Thomas, Voss Janice. First Microgravity Science Laboratory (MSL-1) mission. Orbiter recalled to earth after three days of flight when one of three fuel cells failed. Mission reflown as STS-94. Backup crew: Coleman. More...
  • STS-84 Crew: Clervoy, Collins Eileen, Kondakova, Lu, Noriega, Precourt. Delivered to Mir and returned to earth 2500 kg of payload. More...
  • STS-94 Crew: Crouch, Gernhardt, Halsell, Kilrain, Linteris, Thomas, Voss Janice. First shuttle mission reflight (same vehicle, crew, and payload as curtailed STS-83 mission). MSL-1 Microgravity Science Laboratory. More...
  • STS-85 Crew: Brown, Curbeam, Davis, Robinson, Rominger, Tryggvason. Deployed and retrieved the CRISTA-SPAS-2 (the Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere-Shuttle Pallet Satellite-2) designed to study Earth's middle atmosphere. More...
  • STS-86 Crew: Bloomfield, Chretien, Lawrence, Parazynski, Titov Vladimir, Wetherbee. Flyaround focused on the damaged Spektr Module to determine the location of the puncture in its hull. More...
  • STS-87 Crew: Chawla, Doi, Kadenyuk, Kregel, Lindsey, Scott Winston. Microgravity science mission. Spartan 201 was released, but had to be recaptured by hand during EVA. Loss of external tank intertank foam results in over 100 hits on orbiter heat shield. More...
  • STS-89 Crew: Anderson, Dunbar, Edwards, Reilly, Sharipov, Wilcutt. First Uzbek astronaut. First flight of Block IIA SSME engines. Penultimate Shuttle mission to Mir. More...
  • STS-90 Crew: Altman, Buckey, Hire, Linnehan, Pawelczyk, Searfoss, Williams Dave. Spacelab Long Module / Neurolab mission. Backup crew: Mukai, Dunlap. More...
  • STS-91 Crew: Chang-Diaz, Gorie, Kavandi, Lawrence, Precourt, Ryumin. First shuttle flight with super light-weight external tank. Final shuttle-Mir mission. Recovered NASA astronaut Andy Thomas from Mir and took Russian space chief Valeri Ryumin to Mir for an inspection tour. More...
  • STS-95 Crew: Brown, Duque, Glenn, Lindsey, Mukai, Parazynski, Robinson. First Spanish astronaut. Oldest man in space, longest gap between two flights for an astronaut. The flight of STS-95 provoked more publicity for NASA than any other flight in years. Spartan 201 satellite released and retrieved. More...
  • STS-88 Crew: Cabana, Currie, Krikalyov, Newman, Ross, Sturckow. First ISS assembly mission. Delivered Unity space station node to orbit. More...
  • STS-96 Crew: Barry, Husband, Jernigan, Ochoa, Payette, Rominger, Tokarev. First docking with the ISS. Transferred equipment from the Spacehab Logistics Double Module to the interior of the station. More...
  • STS-93 Crew: Ashby, Coleman, Collins Eileen, Hawley, Tognini. Delivered Chandra spacecraft. Hydrogen fuel leaked out during ascent, resulting in shuttle running out of propellant and ending up in an orbit 11 km lower than planned. More...
  • STS-103 Crew: Brown, Clervoy, Foale, Grunsfeld, Kelly Scott, Nicollier, Smith Steven. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission SM-3A, More...
  • STS-99 Crew: Gorie, Kavandi, Kregel, Mohri, Thiele, Voss Janice. Deployed the 61 metre long STRM mast, a side-looking radar that digitally mapped the entire land surface of the Earth between latitudes 60 deg N and 54 deg S. More...
  • STS-101 Crew: Halsell, Helms, Horowitz, Usachyov, Voss, Weber, Williams Jeffrey. First flight with new 'glass cockpit'. ISS Logistics flight. Repair, resupply and construction tasks aboard the international space station. More...
  • STS-106 Crew: Altman, Burbank, Lu, Malenchenko, Mastracchio, Morukov, Wilcutt. Docked with ISS. Outfitted the new Zvezda module for the arrival of the first permanent EO-1 crew. More...
  • STS-92 Crew: Chiao, Duffy, Lopez-Alegria, McArthur, Melroy, Wakata, Wisoff. 100th shuttle mission + 100th US spacewalk. ISS Logistics flight. 100th shuttle flight. Brought the Z-1 Truss , Control Moment Gyros, and Pressurised Mating Adapter-3 to the ISS. More...
  • STS-97 Crew: Jett, Bloomfield, Tanner, Garneau, Noriega. Installed a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS. More...
  • STS-98 Crew: Cockrell, Curbeam, Ivins, Jones, Polansky. ISS Assembly flight. Delivered Destiny module and PMA-2 modules. After this mission the ISS was heavier than Mir. More...
  • STS-102 Crew: Kelly, Richards Paul, Thomas Andrew, Wetherbee. STS 102 was an American shuttle spacecraft that carried a crew of seven astronauts (six American and one Russian). The primary mission was to deliver a multi-rack Italian container (Leonardo MultiPurpose Logistics Module, LMPLM) to the Destiny Module of t More...
  • STS-100 Crew: Ashby, Guidoni, Hadfield, Lonchakov, Parazynski, Phillips, Rominger. ISS Assembly flight. Continued the outfitting of the Station. Installed the 18 meter, 1,700 kg Canadarm-2 robotic arm and 4,500 kg of supplies aboard the Italian cargo container Raffaello. More...
  • STS-104 Crew: Gernhardt, Hobaugh, Kavandi, Lindsey, Reilly. ISS Assembly flight. Delivered Quest Airlock. More...
  • STS-105 Crew: Barry, Forrester, Horowitz, Sturckow. ISS Assembly flight. Delivered five tonnes of supplies, hardware, and a bedroom suite to accommodate a third astronaut in the Destiny module. Installed two science experiment racks delivered in the Leonardo module. More...
  • STS-108 Crew: Godwin, Gorie, Kelly Mark, Tani. ISS Logistics flight. Brought supplies to the Station aboard the Raffaello module, More...
  • STS-109 Crew: Altman, Carey, Currie, Grunsfeld, Linnehan, Massimino, Newman. Hubble Servicing Mission 3B. More...
  • STS-110 Crew: Bloomfield, Frick, Morin, Ochoa, Ross, Smith Steven, Walheim. ISS Assembly flight. Carried the S0 truss segment to the ISS, the first segment of the main backbone of the station to which the solar arrays would be attached. More...
  • STS-111 Crew: Chang-Diaz, Cockrell, Lockhart, Perrin. ISS Logistics flight. Delivered the MBS Mobile Base System and some interior experiment racks. More...
  • STS-112 Crew: Ashby, Melroy, Wolf, Sellers, Magnus, Yurchikhin. ISS Assembly flight. Extended the truss of the exterior rail line with a 14-m, 13-ton girder. At liftoff primary hold-down bolt initiators failed; backups functioned. At T+33s, a piece of the bipod ramp separated, hitting booster-tank attachment. More...
  • STS-113 Crew: Herrington, Lockhart, Lopez-Alegria, Wetherbee. ISS assembly mission. Delivered 13.7-m, 12.5 ton truss to ISS. Four attempts to land on consecutive days, called because of bad weather. More...
  • STS-107 Crew: Anderson, Brown David, Chawla, Clark, Husband, McCool, Ramon. First Israeli astronaut. Conducted experiments in Double Spacehab module. Crew perished when shuttle broke up during re-entry. Cause was damage to a leading-edge RCC from foam breaking off of external tank bipod strut. More...
  • STS-114 Crew: Collins Eileen, Kelly, Noguchi, Robinson, Thomas Andrew, Lawrence, Camarda. Shuttle return to flight. Primary objective was to verify fixes made to external tank to prevent foam and ice shedding that killed STS-107 crew. Also resupplied ISS, which had to rely on smaller Progress logistics flights while the shuttle was grounded. More...
  • STS-121 Crew: Lindsey, Kelly Mark, Fossum, Nowak, Wilson, Sellers. ISS logistics flight. Delivered equpment and supplies aboard the Leonardo cargo module. More...
  • STS-115 Crew: Jett, Ferguson, Stefanyshyn-Piper, Tanner, Burbank, MacLean. ISS logistics flight. Delivered equpment and supplies aboard the Leonardo cargo module. More...
  • STS-116 Crew: Polansky, Oefelein, Curbeam, Patrick, Fuglesang, Higginbotham. First Swedish astronaut. Most demanding ISS assembly mission to date. Completed installation of the P5 truss, retracted the recalcitrant port P6 solar array wing, and activated the truss electrical and cooling system. More...
  • STS-117 Crew: Sturckow, Archambault, Forrester, Swanson, Olivas, Reilly. Final major step in assembly of the ISS truss and power-generating solar array segments. The S3/S4 Truss and its solar arrays were delivered and installed. More...
  • STS-118 Crew: Kelly Scott, Hobaugh, Caldwell, Mastracchio, Williams Dave, Morgan, Drew. ISS logistic mission. Delivered consumables, and completed necessary supplementary assembly, repair, and external equipment moves necessary for the next major stage of ISS assembly. More...
  • STS-120 Crew: Melroy, Zamka, Parazynski, Wheelock, Wilson, Nespoli. ISS assembly mission. Delivered the Harmony module to the station, and external work moved the P6 truss to its final location and put the ISS into its full-power configuration for the first time. More...
  • STS-122 Crew: Frick, Poindexter, Walheim, Love, Melvin, Schlegel. ISS assembly mission. Delivered to the ISS and installed the Columbus European Laboratory Module and the Multi-Purpose Experiment Support Structure - Non-Deployable (MPESS-ND). More...
  • STS-123 Crew: Gorie, Johnson Gregory H, Linnehan, Behnken, Foreman, Doi. ISS assembly mission. Delivered to the ISS and installed the Kibo Japanese Experiment Logistics Module - Pressurized Section (ELM-PS) and the Spacelab Pallet - Deployable 1 (SLP-D1) with the Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (Dextre). More...
  • STS-124 Crew: Kelly Mark, Ham, Nyberg, Garan, Fossum, Hoshide. ISS assembly mission. Delivered to the ISS and installed the Kibo Japanese Experiment Module Pressurized Module (JEM-PM) and the Japanese Remote Manipulator System (JEM RMS). More...
  • STS-126 Crew: Ferguson, Boe, Pettit, Bowen, Stefanyshyn-Piper, Kimbrough. ISS logistics flight. Station resupply with Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM). More...
  • STS-119 Crew: Archambault, Antonelli, Phillips, Swanson, Acaba, Arnold. ISS assembly mission. Delivered to the ISS and installed the fourth starboard truss segment (ITS S6) and fourth set of solar arrays and batteries. More...
  • STS-125 Crew: Altman, Johnson Gregory C, Grunsfeld, Massimino, Feustel, Good, McArthur. Fourth and final servicing mission to the Hubble Space Telescope. Only shuttle mission authorized prior to shuttle retirement not to go to the ISS - therefore with no means of space rescue should the heat shield be damaged during ascent to orbit. More...
  • STS-127 Crew: Polansky, Hurley, Cassidy, Marshburn, Wolf, Payette. Deliver to the ISS and install the Kibo Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF); Kibo Japanese Experiment Logistics Module - Exposed Section (ELM-ES); and Spacelab Pallet - Deployable 2 (SLP-D2). More...
  • STS-128 Crew: Sturckow, Ford, Forrester, Hernandez, Fuglesang, Olivas. Deliver to the ISS and install the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM); Lightweight Multi-Purpose Experiment Support Structure Carrier (LMC); Three-crew quarters, galley, and second treadmill (TVIS2); and the Crew Health Care System 2 (CHeCS 2). More...
  • STS-129 Crew: Hobaugh, Wilmore, Foreman, Bresnik, Melvin, Satcher. Resupply mission to deliver to the ISS the EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 1 (ELC1) and EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 2 (ELC2). More...
  • STS-130 Crew: Zamka; Virts; Hire; Robinson; Behnken; Patrick. Deliver to the ISS and install the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) and the Lightweight Multi-Purpose Experiment Support Structure Carrier (LMC) More...
  • STS-131 Crew: Poindexter; Dutton; Metcalf-Lendenburger; Wilson; Mastracchiio; Yamazaki; Anderson,Clayton. Contingency flight to assure ISS completion; nominal payload EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 3 (ELC3) and EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 4 (ELC4). More...
  • STS-132 Crew: Ham; Antonelli; Good; Sellers; Bowen; Reisman. Deliver to the ISS and install Node 3 with Cupola. With this mission ISS assembly is to have been completed. More...
  • STS-133 Crew: Lindsey; Boe; Drew; Barratt; Bowen; Stott. Contingency flight to assure ISS completion; nominal payload EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 5 (ELC5) and EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 1 (ELC1). Astronaut Skopra was replaced by Bowen one month before launch when he was injured in a bicycle accident. More...
  • STS-134 Last ISS assembly mission and last flight of shuttle Endeavour. Crew: Kelly, Mark; Johnson, Gregory; Fincke; Chamitoff; Feustel; Vittori. More...
  • STS-135 Last flight of shuttle Atlantis and last space shuttle flight. Delivered supplies to keep ISS running at six-crew level until commercial resupply was to come on line in 2012. Crew: Ferguson; Hurley; Walheim; Magnus. Extra contingency mission at end of shuttle program. The crew trained as STS-335, a rescue mission to return the STS-134 crew to earth if they became marooned in space. After the safe return of STS-134, the mission proceeded as STS-135, with a reduced crew that could be returned over an 18 month period aboard Soyuz capsules in case the crew could not return in Atlantis. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • HVAR American air-to-air rocket. High-Velocity Air Rocket. An unguided fighter weapon, it was later adapted for use by NACA in the early 1950's to boost subscale aerodynamic models to supersonic speed. More...
  • Deacon American test vehicle. The Deacon was an advanced solid rocket motor design cancelled at the end of World War II. In 1947 NACA began using reworked surplus motors to boost instrumented subscale aircraft models to speeds of up to Mach 4. They became a workhorse for the Agency's aerodynamic research, resulting in new production. Thousands were flown, until, by the end of the 1950's, supersonic wind tunnels took over the job. Data shown is for single-stage version. More...
  • HVAR FFAR American test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x HVAR + 1 x Mk7 More...
  • Double FFAR American test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Mk7 + 1 x Mk7 More...
  • RM-10 American test vehicle. Two-stage test vehicle to make heat transfer studies at high speed in free flight, launched from NACA's Pilotless Aircraft Reserach Station at Wallops Island, Va. Vehicle was developed by PARD of Langley Laboratory. More...
  • Double Deacon American test vehicle. Single stage vehicles consisting of 2 Deacon motors fired in parallel. More...
  • Deacon Deacon American test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Deacon + 1 x Deacon More...
  • Deacon HVAR American test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Deacon + 1 x HVAR More...
  • Shuttle ISS American winged orbital launch vehicle. Redesign of the shuttle with reliability in mind after the Challenger disaster reduced maximum payload to low earth orbit from 27,850 kg to 24,400 kg. When the decision was made to move the International Space Station to a high-inclination 51.6 degree orbit, net payload to the more challenging orbit dropped to unacceptable limits. The situation was improved by introduction of the Super Lightweight External Tank, which used 2195 Aluminium-Lithium alloy as the main structural material in place of the 2219 aluminium alloy of the original design. This saved 3,500 kg in empty mass, increasing shuttle payload by the same amount. The tank was first used on STS-91 in June 1998. More...
  • Quad Deacon American test vehicle. Single stage vehicle consisting of 4 Deacons fired in parallel. More...
  • HPAG Deacon American test vehicle. Two stage vehicles consisting of HPAG boosters + 1 x Deacon More...
  • Sergeant 5-stage American test vehicle. Five stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sergeant + 1 x Lance + 1 x Lance + 1 x Recruit + 1 x T-55 More...
  • Nova NASA American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. The Nova vehicle most often illustrated in the popular press and histories. As in other early concepts, this NASA design of 1959/1960 used F-1 engine in both first and second stages. Resulting performance and total liftoff mass was equivalent to later Saturn V. More...
  • Nova 8L Mod American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. NASA Nova concept where first two stages use short Nova building blocks with 2 F-1's in each block. Four used in stage 1, one in stage 2. Typical of early Nova designs with F-1's in both first and second stages. More...
  • Nova 9L American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. NASA Nova design using clustered small diameter tanks; 9 x F-1 first stage and 4 x F-1 second stage; compared with solid Nova using five six segment solid motors in first stage and four four segment motors in second stage. More...
  • Nova 7S American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. NASA Nova design using a cluster of 7 x 160 inch solid motors used as first stage; upper stages as Nova 4S and 8L. More...
  • Nova 4S American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. NASA Nova design using a cluster of 4 x 240 inch solid motors used as first stage; upper stages as Nova 7S and 8L. More...
  • Nova 5S American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. NASA Nova design using segmented solid motors in first and second stages. Five six segment motors in first stage; four four segment motors in second stage, equivalent to 9 x F-1 first stage and 4 x F-1 second stage. More...
  • Nova 4L American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Earliest NASA Nova design, using only 4 F-1's, capability less than later Saturn designs. More...
  • Nova 8L American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Most capable NASA Nova design, studied in June 1960 just prior to selection of Saturn for moon landing. Used a three stage configuration of eight F-1 engines in stage 1, two M-1 engines in stage 2, and one J-2 engine in stage 3. Similar to the Saturn C-8 except in the use of M-1 engines. Unlike other modular Nova designs of the time, this one had the unitary stage construction of Saturn. More...
  • Nova American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Nova was NASA's ultimate launch vehicle, studied intently from 1959 to 1962. Originally conceived to allow a direct manned landing on the moon, in its final iteration it was to put a million-pound payload into low earth orbit to support manned Mars expeditions. It was abandoned in NASA advanced mission planning thereafter in favor of growth versions of the Saturn V. More...
  • Wasp American sounding rocket. Wasp research and develoment chaff and parachute rockets were used to obtain wind soundings to 260,000 m, fired by Naval Ordnance Missile Test Facility at WSPG. More...
  • HPAG American test vehicle. Single stage vehicle. More...
  • Shuttle DC-3 American winged orbital launch vehicle. Marshall Spaceflight Center shuttle concept of April 1970 using Faget low cross range stub-winged booster and orbiter. More...
  • Shuttle LRB 1972 American winged orbital launch vehicle. Original design for a shuttle with liquid rocket boosters, completed in March 1972 as part of the shuttle design decision process More...
  • Saturn Shuttle American orbital launch vehicle. A winged recoverable Saturn IC stage was considered instead of solid rocket boosters after the final shuttle design was selected. More...
  • EDIN05 American winged orbital launch vehicle. In February 1976 this version of the shuttle was proposed. A single liquid rocket booster under the external tank would replace the two solid rocket boosters. More...
  • VTOVL American SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. Vertical Takeoff Vertical Landing. More...
  • VTOHL 9t American SSTO winged orbital launch vehicle. Vertical Takeoff Horizontal Landing (winged). More...
  • VTOHL 45t American SSTO winged orbital launch vehicle. Vertical Takeoff Horizontal Landing (winged). More...
  • IHLLV American orbital launch vehicle. Same concept as Shuttle C. Shuttle orbiter replaced by recoverable pod with shuttle main engines and payload cannister. Quick way for US to obtain heavy payload capability and reduce shuttle cost per kg to orbit by 3 X. More...
  • Shuttle American winged orbital launch vehicle. The manned reusable space system which was designed to slash the cost of space transport and replace all expendable launch vehicles. It did neither, but did keep NASA in the manned space flight business for 30 years. Redesign of the shuttle with reliability in mind after the Challenger disaster reduced maximum payload to low earth orbit from 27,850 kg to 24,400 kg. More...
  • Shuttle LRB American winged orbital launch vehicle. Shuttle with Liquid Rocket Boosters in place of Solid Rocket Boosters. More...
  • Exploration HLLV American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Numerous NASA studies in the late 1980's and 1990's came to the same conclusion as the Nova studies of the 1960's - to get to Mars, an extremely heavy lift launch vehicle was needed to assemble Mars expeditions in low earth orbit. A nominal heavy list vehicle with a payload of at least 140 tonnes into a Space Station Freedom orbit would have to be developed for such missions. More...
  • Shuttle C American orbital launch vehicle. NASA Marshall design for a cargo version of the shuttle system. The shuttle orbiter would be replaced by an unmanned recoverable main engine pod. The same concept was studied earlier as the Interim Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle (IHLLV) and as the Class I Shuttle Derived Vehicle (SDV). The Phase I two-SSME configuration would have a payload of 45,000 kg to low earth orbit. Design carried to an advanced phase in 1987-1990, but then abandoned when it was found the concept had no cost advantage over existing expenable launch vehicles. More...
  • Low Cost Cargo Vehicle American orbital launch vehicle. This variant of the Shuttle C was envisioned for delivery of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen to orbit. More...
  • Shuttle Z American orbital launch vehicle. Shuttle-Z was Shuttle-C on steroids, the ultimate development of the shuttle to be used to put Mars expeditions into orbit. It would use 4 SSME's, and a third stage with 181,000 kg of propellant powered by 1 SSSME. But such designs would require new handling facilities due to the extra height of the vehicle. More...
  • Ares Mars Direct American orbital launch vehicle. The Ares launch vehicle was designed for support of Zubrin's Mars Direct expedition. It was a shuttle-derived design taking maximum advantage of existing hardware. It would use shuttle Advanced Solid Rocket Boosters, a modified shuttle external tank for handling vertically-mounted payloads, and a new Lox/LH2 third stage for trans-Mars or trans-lunar injection of the payload. Ares would put 121 tonnes into a 300 km circular orbit , boost 59 tonnes toward the moon or 47 tonnes toward Mars. Without the upper stage 75 tonnes could be placed in low earth orbit. More...
  • Nerva 2 American nuclear-powered orbital launch vehicle. Version of 1960's nuclear fission engine proposed in 1990's. More...
  • Shuttle ASRM American winged orbital launch vehicle. Shuttle using Advanced Solid Rocket Motors (development cancelled 1993). More...
  • Ares I American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Shuttle-derived launch vehicle design selected by NASA Administrator Mike Griffin to boost the manned CEV Crew Exploration Vehicle into low earth orbit. A single five-segment version of the shuttle solid rocket booster would be mated with a Lox/LH2 upper stage powered by a single J-2S engine. More...
  • Taurus II American orbital launch vehicle. Pad-launched launch vehicle using Pegasus upper stages and a first stage combining a Ukrainian Zenit lower stage fitted with 30-year old surplus Russian N1 moon program rocket engines. More...
  • Ares American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. The design selected to boost America's Orion manned spacecraft into space in the 21st Century was a family of launch vehicles dubbed Ares. Originally sold as being derivatives of space shuttle technology, tinkering by NASA engineers and necessary changes during development quickly resulted in the designs being essentially all-new. Following inevitable cost growth and schedule slippage, it was cancelled in 2010. More...
  • Ares V American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. NASA baseline heavy-lift vehicle to renew manned lunar exploration by 2020. More...

Associated Programs
  • Discovery The Discovery program was begun by NASA in the early 1990s as the planetary counterpart to the Explorer program. More...
  • Explorer Series of satellites launched by Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the exploration of the space environment (micrometeoroids, charged particles, radiation, etc) from both earth orbital and heliocentric orbital locations. More...
  • Gemini Gemini was conceived as an 'upgraded Mercury' to test essential orbital manoeuvring, rendezvous, docking, lifting re-entry, and space walking techniques in the four years between the last Mercury flight and the first scheduled Apollo flight. If fulfilled this mission, and numerous variants that never reached production would have serviced manned space stations and taken Americans around and to the moon - at lower cost and earlier than Apollo. More...
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • Mariner Mariner spacecraft were built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for early exploration of the nearby planets. The Mariner series became the first spacecraft to return significant data on the surface and atmosphere conditions of Venus, Mars, and Mercury. More...
  • Mars Surveyor A series of lower-cost missions devoted to the mapping of Mars from Mars orbit. Designed to accomplish at less cost the mission assigned to the failed Mars Observer. More...
  • Mercury Mercury was America's first man-in-space project. Setting the precedent for the later Gemini, Apollo, and Shuttle programs, any capsule configuration proposed by the contractors was acceptable as long as it was the one NASA's Langley facility, and in particular, Max Faget, had developed. McDonnell, at that time a renegade contractor of innovative Navy fighters that had a history of problems in service, received the contract. The capsule had to be as small as possible to match the payload capability of America's first ICBM, the Atlas, which would be used for orbital missions. The resulting design was less than a third of the weight of the Russian Vostok spacecraft, and more limited as a result. More...
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...
  • Pioneer The Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pioneer series were the first US probes sent towards the moon. Later Pioneers explored the heliocentric space environment and were the first spacecraft to reach the outer planets and to escape from the solar system. More...
  • Ranger Ranger was originally to be a program of five unmanned lunar crasher spacecraft, intended to quickly obtain information on the lunar surface. The scientific objective would be to acquire and transmit a number of images of the lunar surface prior to impact, and to obtain data from a survivable package incorporating a lunar seismometer. The resulting spacecraft was much too ambitious for its period. After five consecutive failures, a simpler, picture-return-only spacecraft made three successful flights, returning the first closeup pictures of the lunar surface years behind schedule. More...
  • Spacelab European/American joint project provided the Spacelab pressurized module that remained attached to space shuttle and permitted conduct of a range of experiments. More...
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...
  • Tiros TIROS spacecraft were the beginning of a long series of polar-orbiting meteorological satellites. TIROS was followed by the TOS (TIROS Operational System) series, and then the ITOS (Improved TIROS) series, and later the NOAA series. TIROS spacecraft were developed by GSFC and managed by ESSA (Environmental Science Services Administration). The objective was to establish a global weather satellite system. More...
  • Vanguard Relatively unsuccessful program to launch the United States first artifical satellite of the earth. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Ascension Sounding rocket launch site located on an island in the South Atlantic near a NASA/USAF tracking station. Known to have been used for 1703 launches from 1963 to 2000, reaching up to 158 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Point Barrow Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 73 launches from 1965 to 1972, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Antigua Tracking facility used for a series of NASA launches from May 1972 to January 1974. The sounding rocket launch location was known to have been used for 1042 launches from 1966 to 1992, reaching up to 79 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Arecibo Sounding rocket launch site near world's largest radio telescope, known to have been used for 40 launches from 1966 to 1998, reaching up to 375 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Sherman US Army base used for a series of NASA launches from January 1969 to November 1970. The sounding rocket launch location here was known to have been used for 1160 launches from 1966 to 1979, reaching up to 99 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Punta Lobos Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1980 to 1990. Known to have been used for 23 launches in 1983, reaching up to 590 kilometers altitude. More...

NASA Chronology


1946 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1946 July 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 February 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: First Deacon rocket launched at Wallops Island, which achieved a velocity of 4,200 feet per second..

1947 April 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: Double FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 April 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • FR-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 November 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: Double FFAR.
  • D-558-II model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 June 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 August 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Sparrow model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 September 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Convair XF-92 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 October 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E14 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1948 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1949 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D13 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 February 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF-91 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 March 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D8 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 May 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 May 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 August 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1949 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1949 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D4 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F26 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 January 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1950 May 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 May 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 May 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F26 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 June 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1950 July 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D28 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 August 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • XF-92 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 September 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D8 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 October 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 November 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon HVAR.
  • Sparrow model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 November 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Snark Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1950 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 February 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 March 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F25 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 March 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF4D-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 May 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 May 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-5 E17 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 June 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF4D-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 July 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 July 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. LV Configuration: Double Deacon Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1951 July 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Hermes A3A model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 August 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Boojum model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 August 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 August 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 September 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E7 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 September 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 November 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF10F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. LV Configuration: Double Deacon Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1952 January 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF4D-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rigel Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 April 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D109/FFAR seeker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 May 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 May 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 June 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • F12 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 June 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1952 August 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D-558-II model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • Hermes Ramjet Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rigel Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 September 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D109/HPAG seeker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • F-100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 October 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • E39 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 October 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • E39 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1952 October 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 October 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rigel Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF2Y-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • E31 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 November 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF10F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 December 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D109/HPAG seeker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D18 F100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D28 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1953 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-100 Model - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 January 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Quad Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 January 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 March 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 March 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F36 Ramjet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 May 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: First launching of a cluster of three Deacon rockets as a booster at NACA's Wallops Island..

1953 June 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 June 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1953 June 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

1953 July 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E25 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 July 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: HPAG Deacon.
  • F-102 Model test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D18 F100 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon HPAG.
  • E10 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1953 October 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Sidewinder.
  • Sidewinder test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 October 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1953 October 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Pogo model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 November 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D37 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1953 November 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • F40 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: First launching of a Nike-Deacon two-stage rocket for heat transfer studies at NACA Wallops Island..

1953 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon HPAG.
  • E10 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1953 December 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F11F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954? - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E14 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1954 January 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-104 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Turbojet study test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1954 January 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MX-1712 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon HPAG.
  • F-102 Model test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 February 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 February 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F11F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 February 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E17 Drag Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1954 March 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D18 F8U-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF2Y-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: First launching of a cluster of four Deacon rockets as a booster vehicle, at NACA Wallops Island..

1954 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Regulus II Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Quad Deacon.
  • Drag model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Regulus II Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tri-Deacon Deacon HPAG 3.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike Deacon 2.
  • F40 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1954 June 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Inlet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Snark Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MX-1712 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 July 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • AGARD Model 2 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 August 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F11F-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D4 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F-101A Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 October 14 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike HPAG.
  • Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 October 14 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55 Nike.
  • Hypersonic Test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi).

1954 October 14 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike T40.
  • F40 Heat Transfer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1954 October 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 December 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Sidewinder test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 December 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • D37 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1955 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • XF3H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Wing drag model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Delta-wing model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F-101A Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F29 ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1955 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E39 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 April 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike Tri-Deacon T40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1955 April 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Turbojet study test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 May 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • D22 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 May 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • 10 deg nosecone test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 June 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E5 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 June 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55 Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 June 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 September 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Navaho Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1955 September 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 September 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon.
  • Hemi-Cyl re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 October 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 October 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55 Nike.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USN. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1955 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USN. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1955 November 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Regulus II Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • F5D-1 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tandem Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Delta-wing model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E42 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike T40 T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1956 April 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Avro Arrow Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Avro Arrow Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 May 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55 Nike.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1956 June 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Tri-Deacon T40.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 June 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tandem Double Deacon.
  • Inlet model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MW-2 Model/T-40 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 July 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike T40.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1956 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1956 September 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Terrapin. LV Configuration: Terrapin M2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NSA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Summary: First successful flight of a Terrapin sounding rocket at Wallops Island, which consisted of a Deacon and T55 rocket and carried a payload of 3 kg to a 120 km altitude..

1956 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Terrapin. LV Configuration: Terrapin M1. FAILURE: Second stage did not ignite..
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NSA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: First Terrpain launch attempt..

1956 October 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1956 October 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Polished Cone re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1956 November 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • AGARD Model 2 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hemi-Cyl re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 December 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 January 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Cone re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Delta-wing model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1957 March 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Reentry blackout re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 May 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Slender missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 May 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • MW-2 Model/T-40 test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 June 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 June 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Copper re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 August 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Flat re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 August 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 August 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1957 October 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 October 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Double Cajun T40.
  • MW-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike T40 T55.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun HUGO. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Hurricane photo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 January 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F4H-1 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 April 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • D3/D18 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 April 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • GE RV Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 May 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 June 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 June 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Exos.
  • Model 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; AFCRL. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1958 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • GE RV Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 June 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury-type Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1958 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • E15 Model/Loki test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 September 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 September 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Polaris model re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USN. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1958 September 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Exos.
  • Model 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; AFCRL. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1958 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 September 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Oriole Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Maryland. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 October 11 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able I. LV Configuration: Thor Able I 130. FAILURE: Third stage produced insufficient thrust. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Pioneer 1 - . Payload: Pioneer 1 / Able 2. Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 0-1-2. Decay Date: 1958-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 110 . COSPAR: 1958-Eta-1. Summary: Set distance record; failed to reach moon..

1958 October 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 October 23 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C. LV Configuration: Jupiter C/Juno I RS/CC-49. FAILURE: Upper stages separated prior to burnout. Structural failure after 149 sec due to vibration disturbances generated by the spinning payload.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Beacon 1 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Beacon 1. Decay Date: 1958-10-22 . COSPAR: F581023A. NASA¾with the Army as executive agent¾attempted to launch a 12-foot-diameter inflatable satellite of micro-thin plastic covered with aluminum foil known as BEACON. Launched from AMR by a Juno I¾a modified Redstone, the payload prematurely separated prior to booster burnout.

1958 November 6 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 November 8 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able I. LV Configuration: Thor Able I 129. FAILURE: Third stage ignition unsuccessful.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Pioneer 2 - . Payload: Pioneer 2 / Able 3. Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 0-1-2. Decay Date: 1958-11-08 . COSPAR: F581108A. Apogee: 1,550 km (960 mi). Summary: Pioneer 2 was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range, using a Thor-Able booster, the Air Force acting as executive agent to NASA. The 86.3-pound instrumented payload, intended as a lunar probe, failed to reach escape velocity..

1958 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mercury-type Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Telemetry test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 December 6 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-11. FAILURE: First Stage shut down too early. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer 3 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 3-4. Decay Date: 1958-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 111 . COSPAR: 1958-Theta-1. Failed to reach moon; provided radiation data. Pioneer III, the third U.S.-IGY intended lunar probe under the direction of NASA with the Army acting as executive agent, was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range by a Juno II rocket. The primary objective, to place the 12.95 pound scientific payload in the vicinity of the moon, failed. Pioneer III reached an altitude of approximately 70,000 miles and revealed that the earth's radiation belt comprised at least two distinct bands.

1958 December 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hurricane photo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 December 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hurricane photo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 December 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1959 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1959 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1959? - . Launch Site: Edwards AFB DZ. Launch Pad: 34.9 N x 117.8 W. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F1) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1959? - . Launch Site: Edwards AFB DZ. Launch Pad: 34.9 N x 117.8 W. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F2) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1959? - . Launch Site: Edwards AFB DZ. Launch Pad: 34.9 N x 117.8 W. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • NOTS Viperscan test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1959 February 5 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 February 17 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. LV Configuration: Vanguard SLV-4.
  • Vanguard 2 - . Payload: Vanguard 2E / Cloud cover satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. USAF Sat Cat: 11 . COSPAR: 1959-Alpha-1. Apogee: 3,049 km (1,894 mi). Perigee: 557 km (346 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 122.80 min. Summary: Operated for 18 days; satellite wobble degraded data..

1959 March 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB I alpha?.
  • D58 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 March 3 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-14.
  • Pioneer 4 - . Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 3-4. USAF Sat Cat: 113 . COSPAR: 1959-Nu-1. The fourth U.S.-IGY lunar probe effort, Pioneer IV, a joint project of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency and Jet Propulsion Laboratory under the direction of NASA, was launched by a Juno II rocket from the Atlantic Missile Range. Intended to impact on the lunar surface, Pioneer IV achieved earth-moon trajectory, passing within 60,200 km of the moon before going into permanent orbit around the sun.

1959 March 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-C-1.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight.

1959 March 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike 20-inch SM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,380 km (850 mi).

1959 March 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GE Ablative reentry vehicle Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 April 1 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1959 April 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1959 April 14 - . 02:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. LV Configuration: Vanguard SLV-5. FAILURE: Stage 2 damaged at separation.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 3A - . Payload: Magnetometer satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 3. Decay Date: 1959-04-13 . COSPAR: F590414A. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 May 14 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. LV Configuration: Arcon NASA 2.01GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1959 May 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. LV Configuration: Arcon NASA 2.02GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1959 May 15 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. LV Configuration: Arcon NASA 2.03GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1959 May 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1959 May 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 May 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 June 5 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB I beta?.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 June 8 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-1-5.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: First flight for X-15 # 1. Planned glide flight. Maximum Speed - 840 kph. Maximum Altitude - 11445 m..

1959 June 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Mercury model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 June 22 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. LV Configuration: Vanguard SLV-6. FAILURE: Stage 2 propulsion malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 3B - . Payload: Radiation Balance satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 3. Decay Date: 1959-06-22 . COSPAR: F590622A. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1959 July 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • GE Ablative reentry vehicle? Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 July 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-16. FAILURE: Control lost after 5.5 sec. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Explorer S-1 - . Payload: S-1. Mass: 41 kg (90 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-1. Decay Date: 1959-07-16 . COSPAR: F590716A.

1959 July 24 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-C-1.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight.

1959 July 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 August 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Mercury model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. LV Configuration: Arcon NASA 2.06GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. LV Configuration: Arcon NASA 2.04GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. LV Configuration: Arcon NASA 2.05GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1959 August 7 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able III. LV Configuration: Thor Able III 134.
  • Explorer 6 - . Payload: S-2. Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-2. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15 . COSPAR: 1959-Delta-1. Apogee: 42,400 km (26,300 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg. Period: 765.00 min. Summary: First Earth photo; radiation data..

1959 August 17 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.13CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Summary: NIKE-ASP sounding rocket provided geophysical information on wind activity between 80 and 300 km high was launched successfully from NASA Wallops Station..

1959 August 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 August 19 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.14CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 August 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4P. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-4P LJ-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mercury LJ-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). During the countdown of the first programed Little Joe launching (LJ-1 beach abort test) at Wallops Island, the escape rocket fired prematurely 31 minutes before the scheduled launch. The spacecraft rose to an altitude of 2,000 feet and landed about 2,000 feet from the launch site. Premature firing was caused by a faulty escape circuit.

1959 September 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 September 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 September 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit.
  • Mercury model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 September 11 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.08GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1959 September 14 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.07GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1959 September 17 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-1-3. FAILURE: Turbopump failure and fire..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: First flight for X-15 # 2. First powered flight. Maximum Speed - 2241 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15954 m. Turbopump case failure resulted in fire in engine compartment..

1959 September 17 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.02II.
  • DRTE.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1959 September 20 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.03II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DRTE.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 September 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 002.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1959 October 4 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4P. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-4P LJ-6.
  • Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). Summary: NASA Little Joe launch vehicle carrying a boilerplate Mercury capsule with a dummy escape system successfully launched from Wallops Station, Va..

1959 October 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 October 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19A.
  • Explorer 7 - . Payload: S-1A. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-1. USAF Sat Cat: 22 . COSPAR: 1959-Iota-1. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 50.3000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space. Returned magnetic field and solar flare data..

1959 October 14 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 October 17 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-2-6. FAILURE: Fire in engine bay, gear door failure..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2283 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18831 m. Nose gear door failed on landing..

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 October 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ.
  • Corvus Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1959 October 31 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 November 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 2P. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-2P LJ-1A.
  • Mercury LJ-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Little Joe 1-A (LJ-1A) was launched in a test for a planned abort under high aerodynamic load conditions. This flight was a repeat of the Little Joe (LJ-1) that had been planned for August 21, 1959 (escape rocket fired 31 min before the intended launch of the Little Joe launch vehicle). After lift-off, the pressure sensing system was to supply a signal when the intended abort dynamic pressure was reached (about 30 sec after launch). An electrical impulse was then sent to the explosive bolts to separate the spacecraft from the launch vehicle. Up to this point, the operation went as planned, but the impulse was also designed to start the igniter in the escape motor. The igniter activated, but pressure failed to build up in the motor until a number of seconds had elapsed. Thus the abort maneuver, the prime mission of the flight, was accomplished at a dynamic pressure that was too low. For this reason a repeat of the test was planned. All other events from the launch through recovery occurred without incident. The flight attained an altitude of 9 statute miles, a range of 11.5 statute miles, and a speed of 2,021.6 miles per hour.

1959 November 5 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-3-9. FAILURE: Engine fire and explosion, fuselage failure on landing..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Summary: Engine fire; fuselage structural failure on landing. Aircraft returned to North American for rebuild. Maximum Speed - 1062 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13857 m..

1959 November 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.15CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Summary: Nike-Asp sounding rocket fired from NASA Wallops Station emitted sodium vapor at 80 km to 250 km altitude, revealing powerful windshear effects..

1959 November 19 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.16CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Summary: Second sodium-vapor-trail experiment in Nike-Asp launch from Wallops Island was not successful..

1959 November 20 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.17CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1959 November 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • F131 Heat Transfer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1959 November 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Paraglider test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1959 November 26 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas Able 20D / Able-5. FAILURE: Payload shroud failed after 45 sec, broke away prematurely.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Pioneer (P 3) - . Payload: Pioneer P 3 / Able IVB. Mass: 168 kg (370 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1959-11-26 . COSPAR: F591126A. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). An intended lunar probe launched from the Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Able booster disintegrated about 45 seconds later when the protective sheath covering the payload detached prematurely. The probe was sponsored by NASA, developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and launched by the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division.

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB I gamma?.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 December 4 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4C. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-4C LJ-2.
  • Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1959 December 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1959 December 22 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.01GT.
  • X248 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 901 km (559 mi). Summary: In a United States-Canadian cooperative project, NASA launched the first four-stage Javelin sounding rocket from Wallops Station to an altitude of 560 miles to measure the intensity of galactic radio noise..

1960 January 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 January 21 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 2C. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-2C LJ-1B.
  • Mercury LJ-1B - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Little Joe 1-B (LJ-1B) was launched from Wallops Island with a rhesus monkey, 'Miss Sam,' aboard. Test objectives for this flight were the same as those for Little Joe 1 (LJ-1) in which the escape tower launched 31 minutes before the planned launch, and Little Joe 1-A (LJ-1A), wherein the dynamic buildup in the abort maneuver was too low. A physiological study of the primate, particularly in areas applying to the effects of the rapid onset of reverse acceleration during abort at maximum dynamic pressure, was also made. In addition, the Mercury helicopter recovery system was exercised. During the mission, all sequences operated as planned; the spacecraft attained a peak altitude of 9.3 statute miles, a range of 11.7 statute miles, and a maximum speed of 2,021.6 miles per hour. Thirty minutes from launch time, a Marine recovery helicopter deposited the spacecraft and its occupant at Wallops Station. 'Miss Sam' was in good condition, and all test objectives were successfully fulfilled.

1960 January 24 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-2-7.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2685 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20374 m..

1960 January 26 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.02GT.
  • X248 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 951 km (590 mi).

1960 February 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 February 11 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-4-11.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2359 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26858 m..

1960 February 16 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.01GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1960 February 17 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-5-12.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1667 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16045 m. Automatic shutdown of one chamber in upper XLR-11..

1960 March 1 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.01GS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 March 3 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.02GS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 March 11 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able IV. LV Configuration: Thor Able IV 219.
  • Pioneer 5 - . Payload: Pioneer P 2 / Able 6. Mass: 43 kg (94 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Pioneer 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27 . COSPAR: 1960-Alpha-1. Summary: Solar research. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1960 March 16 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.01UI.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1960 March 17 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.10UI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dumbbell / Ion sphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 17 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-6-13.
  • X-15A SAS Eval/Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2283 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16045 m. 6G maneuver test..

1960 March 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 March 23 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19C. FAILURE: Upper stage failed to ignite. Third stage failed to ignite due to loss of radio contact.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer S-46 - . Payload: S-46. Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-46. Decay Date: 1960-03-23 . COSPAR: F600323A.

1960 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 March 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.12GT.
  • Test / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Summary: Aerobee 150-A, a new type, fired from new launch tower at Wallops Station, reached an altitude of 140 km and achieved rocket performance objectives as well as micrometeorite impact counts..

1960 March 25 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-3-8.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2124 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14822 m. Roll damper malfunctioned..

1960 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ia?.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 March 29 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-7-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2080 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15235 m..

1960 March 31 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-8-16.
  • X-15A SAS Gains test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2156 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15653 m. 3.5 to 5G pullouts to simulate reentry..

1960 April 1 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able II. LV Configuration: Thor Able II-M1 148.
  • Tiros 1 - . Payload: Tiros A (A-1). Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 29 . COSPAR: 1960-Beta-2. Apogee: 696 km (432 mi). Perigee: 656 km (407 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Summary: TV and Infrared Observation Satellite; returned 22952 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1960 April 13 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-4-9.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14630 m..

1960 April 18 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X. LV Configuration: Scout X SX-1. FAILURE: Vehicle broke up after first-stage burnout.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Cub Scout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi). Summary: Scout test vehicle, with live first and third stages. Suborbital..

1960 April 19 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-5-10.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18134 m..

1960 April 20 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: EAFB. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Model A (F4) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1960 April 23 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.10GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Summary: NASA fired first of five Aerobee-Hi sounding rockets from Wallops Station in program to measure ultraviolet radiation..

1960 April 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Porous re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1960 April 27 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.04GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 April 27 - . 21:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.03GS. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 April 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.09GA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1960 April 30 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: EAFB. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F5) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 May 6 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-6-11. FAILURE: Trouble shedding the ventral fin..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18574 m..

1960 May 12 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-7-12.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3397 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23738 m..

1960 May 13 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 144/D1. FAILURE: Second stage attitude control failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Echo 1 - . Payload: A-10. Mass: 56 kg (123 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Echo. Decay Date: 1960-05-13 . COSPAR: F600513A.

1960 May 19 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-8-13.
  • X-15A Alt Buildup test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2558 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33222 m..

1960 May 24 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.23CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 May 25 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.24CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1960 May 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.04GS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 May 26 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-9-18.
  • X-15A SAS, High alpha, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15631 m. First test of reaction control system..

1960 May 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 May 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.05GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1960 June 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 June 6 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.17GE.
  • SBE Solar Beam Experiment Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 June 8 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-16. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 June 15 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.02UI.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1960 June 16 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.03GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 June 24 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.06GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1960 June 26 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ib.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1960 June 30 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.07GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Magnetic fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1960 July 2 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,380 km (850 mi).

1960 July 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.04GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 July 14 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.01GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi).

1960 July 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas 337 A210.4GA.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.18GE.
  • SBE-2 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.01GT.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). Summary: First flight of NASA's Iris sounding rocket successful..

1960 August 3 - . 15:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.03UI.
  • UM ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi). Summary: First Sparrowbee sounding rocket launched from Wallops Station, lifting 25 kg University of Michigan payload to 415 km altitude..

1960 August 4 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-9-17.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3533 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23809 m. Unofficial world speed record. This topped Captain Apt's speed of 2,094 mph attained in the X-2 on September 27, 1956..

1960 August 9 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.28GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1960 August 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-A-18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 August 12 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 270/D2.
  • Echo 1 - . Payload: A-11. Mass: 76 kg (167 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Echo. Decay Date: 1968-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 49 . COSPAR: 1960-Iota-1. Apogee: 2,157 km (1,340 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 47.3000 deg. Period: 117.30 min. Summary: Balloon; passively relayed TV and voice transmissions. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1960 August 12 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-10-19.
  • X-15A High Alt test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi). Maximum Speed - 2851 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41605 m. Established a new altitude record for a manned vehicle of 136,500 feet. This topped Captain Kincheloe's record altitude of 126,200 feet attained on September 7, 1956, in the X-2 rocket research aircraft.

1960 August 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-20. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 August 19 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-11-21.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3510 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24343 m..

1960 August 22 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.12CI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1960 August 23 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.16UE.
  • Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1960 August 29 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ic.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 August 29 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Id.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-22. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.19GE.
  • SBE 3 flare particles Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.20GE.
  • SBE 4 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 005.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1960 September 10 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-12-23.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: X-15 Flight 21 (Stability/Control).

1960 September 15 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.03GP.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1960 September 19 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.01GE.
  • NERV I Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,884 km (1,170 mi).

1960 September 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-24. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 September 20 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.05GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 006.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-13-25. FAILURE: Engines fail..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1783 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16168 m. Premature shutdown of both XLR-11's..

1960 September 24 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.05GP.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1960 September 25 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas Able 80D / Able-5. FAILURE: Second stage exploded.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Pioneer (P 30) - . Payload: Pioneer P 30 / Able VA. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-09-25 . COSPAR: F600925A. Apogee: 1,290 km (800 mi). Summary: An attempt to launch a Pioneer satellite into lunar orbit failed when one of the upper stages of the Atlas- Able rocket malfunctioned..

1960 September 27 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.21GE.
  • SBE 5 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling.
  • E48 Re-entry vehicle Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 4 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-2.
  • Radiation Probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5,600 km (3,400 mi).

1960 October 5 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.43GP.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1960 October 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-26. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 October 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 October 18 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.02GT.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Summary: Second Iris rocket rose to 225 km with a payload of 56 kg from Wallops Station..

1960 October 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling.
  • E48 Re-entry vehicle Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-14-27.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2059 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16398 m..

1960 October 22 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ie.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 October 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-15-28.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2145 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15453 m..

1960 November 2 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.09UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1960 November 3 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19D.
  • Explorer 8 - . Payload: S-30. Mass: 41 kg (90 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-30. USAF Sat Cat: 60 . COSPAR: 1960-Xi-1. Apogee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 49.9000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Summary: Ionospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1960 November 3 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.29GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 November 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-A-20. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 November 4 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-16-29.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2071 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14905 m..

1960 November 8 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 2P. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-2P LJ-5. FAILURE: At 15.4 seconds the escape rocket motor and tower jettison motor ignited prematurely..
  • Mercury LJ-5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Little Joe 5 with a Mercury production spacecraft was launched from Wallops Island to test the spacecraft in an abort simulating the most severe launch conditions. At 15.4 seconds after liftoff, the escape rocket motor and tower jettison motor ignited prematurely. Booster, capsule, and tower remained mated through ballistic trajectory until destroyed on impact.

1960 November 10 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.04CA.
  • Ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 975 km (605 mi).

1960 November 11 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.22GE.
  • SBE 6 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 11 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.23GE.
  • SBE 7 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 12 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.24GE.
  • SBE 8 (LE SCR) Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 12 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.15GE.
  • SBE 9 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 13 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.16GE.
  • SBE 10 (LE SCR) Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.14GA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-10-21.
  • X-15A XLR-99 Checkout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: First flight with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 3154 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m..

1960 November 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.10UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 November 16 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.13GE.
  • SBE 11 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.14GE.
  • SBE 12 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-17-30.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16688 m. Lower XLR-11 shutdown but restarted..

1960 November 18 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.26GE.
  • SBE 13 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1960 November 18 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.27GE.
  • SBE 14 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-1. FAILURE: Engine cut off after 1 sec, vehicle fell back to the pad from a few centimeters height, but did not explode. This faulty ground-support circuitry had not been noted on some 60 previous Redstone firings.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mercury MR-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Suborbital launch attempt. After a four- or five-inch liftoff, MR-1 launched its escape tower but not the capsule. The undamaged spacecraft was recovered for reuse..

1960 November 22 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.11GG.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1960 November 22 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-11-22.
  • X-15A XLR-99, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: First restart with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 2665 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18867 m..

1960 November 23 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.01GI.
  • OkSU quiet night Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1960 November 23 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 245/D3.
  • Tiros 2 - . Payload: Tiros B (A-2). Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 63 . COSPAR: 1960-Pi-1. Apogee: 610 km (370 mi). Perigee: 547 km (339 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1960 November 27 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.02GI.
  • OkSU quiet day Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 November 30 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-18-31.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14886 m. Only 7 of 8 XLR-11 chambers ignited..

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1960 December 4 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-3. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer (9) S 56 - . Payload: S-56. Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-56. Decay Date: 1960-12-04 . COSPAR: F601204A.

1960 December 6 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-12-23.
  • X-15A XLR-99, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3027 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16268 m..

1960 December 8 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.25CI.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.12CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-19-32.
  • X-15A Ball nose, Stabil. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: First hot nose flight. Maximum Speed - 1911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15269 m..

1960 December 9 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.11CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 December 10 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.05CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 716 km (444 mi).

1960 December 12 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.08GE.
  • Magnetic fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,140 km (700 mi).

1960 December 14 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.06GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1960 December 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-33. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1960 December 15 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas Able 91D / Able-5. FAILURE: Atlas exploded 70 seconds after liftoff.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer (P 31) - . Payload: Pioneer P 31 / Able VB. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-12-15 . COSPAR: F601215A. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Summary: The final launch in the Pioneer lunar probe program was unsuccessful; the Atlas-Able booster rocket went out of control and exploded at an altitude of 12,200 m off Cape Canaveral..

1960 December 19 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-3.
  • Mercury MR-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Mercury-Redstone 1A (MR-1A) was launched from Cape Canaveral in a repeat of the November 21, 1960, mission and was completely successful. This was the third attempt to accomplish the objectives established for this flight. The first attempt on November 7, 1960, was canceled as a result of a helium leak in the spacecraft reaction control system relief valve, and on November 21, 1960, the mission could not be completed because of premature cut-off of the launch vehicle engines. Objectives of the MR-1A flight were to qualify the spacecraft for space flight and to qualify the flight system for a primate flight scheduled shortly thereafter. Close attention was given to the spacecraft-launch vehicle combination as it went through the various flight sequences: powered flight; acceleration and deceleration; performance of the posigrade rockets; performance of the recovery system; performance of the launch, tracking, and recovery phases of the operation; other events of the flight including retrorocket operation in a space environment; and operation of instrumentation. Except that the launch vehicle cut-off velocity was slightly higher than normal, all flight sequences were satisfactory; tower separation, spacecraft separation, spacecraft turnaround, retrofire, retropackage jettison, and landing system operation occurred or were controlled as planned. The spacecraft reached a maximum altitude of 130.68 statute miles, a range of 234.8 statute miles, and a speed of 4,909.1 miles per hour. Fifteen minutes after landing in the Atlantic Ocean, the recovery helicopter picked up the spacecraft to complete the successful flight mission.

1961 January 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-34. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 January 12 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ISRC-RS-01.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA; NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1961 January 17 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.36GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1961 January 18 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB If.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1961 January 19 - . 12:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.03GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1961 January 31 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-2.
  • Mercury MR-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Ham, a 37-pound chimpanzee, was aboard the spacecraft. The over-acceleration of the launch vehicle coupled with the velocity of the escape rocket caused the spacecraft to attain a higher altitude and a longer range than planned. In addition, the early depletion of the liquid oxygen caused a signal that separated the spacecraft from the launch vehicle a few seconds early. However spacecraft recovery was effected, although there were some leaks and the spacecraft was taking on water. Ham appeared to be in good physiological condition, but sometime later when he was shown the spacecraft it was visually apparent that he had no further interest in cooperating with the space flight program. Despite the over-acceleration factor, the flight was considered to be successful.

1961 February 1 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-20-35.
  • X-15A Ball/side controller test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1949 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15170 m..

1961 February 5 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.38NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1961 February 7 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-21-36.
  • X-15A Stab./Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3660 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23820 m. Last XLR-11 flight..

1961 February 14 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.07GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: NASA Nike-Cajun rocket launched from Wallops Station, carrying 60-pound payload ejecting explosive charges, which fired at intervals from 20- to 80-mile altitude to provide data on density of the atmosphere..

1961 February 15 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 007.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 February 17 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.08CA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1961 February 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-24. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 February 24 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-25. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 February 25 - . 00:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19F. FAILURE: Third Stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer - . Payload: S-45. Mass: 34 kg (74 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-02-24 . COSPAR: F610224A.

1961 March 7 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-13-26.
  • X-15A Mach 4 flight test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4674 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23610 m..

1961 March 15 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.49GT.
  • Cajun fin test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 March 18 - . 16:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4C. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-4C LJ-5A. FAILURE: Escape tower fired prematurely.
  • Mercury LJ-5A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi). Mercury Little Joe 5A (LJ-5A), the sixth in the series of Little Joe missions, was launched from Wallops Island. This flight was intended to satisfy test objectives, which were not met previously because of the failure of the spacecraft to separate from the launch vehicle during the Little Joe 5 (LJ-5) mission flown on November 8, 1960. For reference, the purpose of this test was to demonstrate primarily the structural integrity of the spacecraft and the escape system during an escape maneuver initiated at the highest dynamic pressure anticipated during an Atlas launch for orbital flight. Little Joe 5A (LJ-5A) lifted off normally, but 19 seconds later the escape tower fired prematurely, a situation closely resembling the November 1960 flight. The signal to initiate the abort maneuver was given; and the launch vehicle-adapter clamp ring was released as intended, but the spacecraft remained on the launch vehicle since the escape motor was already expended. The separation was effected by using the retrorockets, but this command was transmitted before the flight had reached its apex, where separation had been planned. Therefore, the separation was rather violent. The parachutes did deploy at about 40,000 feet, and after recovery it was found that the spacecraft had actually incurred only superficial structural damage. In fact, this spacecraft was later used for the subsequent Little Joe 5B (LJ-5B) flight test. Test objectives of the Little Joe 5A (LJ-5A) were not met.

1961 March 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 March 24 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-5.
  • Mercury MR-BD - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi). Summary: Suborbital test of Redstone modifications using a boilerplate Mercury capsule. The test was done at von Braun's insistence against Shepard's wishes, thereby putting the first US manned flight after Gagarin's..

1961 March 25 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 295/D4.
  • Explorer 10 - . Payload: P-14. Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 98 . COSPAR: 1961-Kappa-1. Apogee: 181,100 km (112,500 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 5,013.90 min. Summary: Magnetic field data. Decay date suspect Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1961 March 26 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.04UI.
  • UM ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). Summary: NASA Aerobee research rocket with University of Michigan payload shot to 406-km altitude from Wallops Station..

1961 March 30 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-14-28.
  • X-15A Alt., BCS, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4441 kph. Maximum Altitude - 51700 m..

1961 March 31 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.34GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1961 April 5 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.33GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1961 April 6 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 009.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 April 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit.
  • Reentry Stability re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 April 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 010.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1961 April 14 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.19GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1961 April 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 012.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 April 19 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.05CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.06CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ig.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 09:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.07CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.08CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.39NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1961 April 21 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-15-29. FAILURE: Three hardware problems during flight..
  • X-15A Mach 4, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4946 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32000 m..

1961 April 25 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 100D. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: G.
  • Mercury MA-3 - . Payload: Mercury SC8. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Mercury. Decay Date: 1961-04-25 . COSPAR: F610425A. Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) was launched from Cape Canaveral in an attempt to orbit the spacecraft with a 'mechanical astronaut' aboard. After lift-off, the launch vehicle failed to roll to a 70 degree heading and to pitch over into the proper trajectory. The abort-sensing system activated the escape rockets prior to the launch vehicle's destruction by the range safety officer after approximately 40 seconds of flight that had attained an altitude of 16,400 feet. The spacecraft then coasted up to 24,000 feet, deployed its parachutes, and landed in the Atlantic Ocean 2,000 yards north of the launch pad. The spacecraft was recovered and was found to have incurred only superficial damage; it was then shipped to McDonnell for refitting.

1961 April 27 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19E.
  • Explorer 11 - . Payload: S-15. Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: S-15. USAF Sat Cat: 107 . COSPAR: 1961-Nu-1. Apogee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Perigee: 480 km (290 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Summary: Gamma ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1961 April 27 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.10GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1961 April 27 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.34GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1961 April 28 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4C. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-4C LJ-5B.
  • Mercury LJ-5B - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). Little Joe 5B (LJ-5B) was launched from Wallops Island to test the Mercury escape system under maximum dynamic pressure conditions. At the time of lift-off, one of the launch vehicle rocket motors did not ignite until after 4 seconds had elapsed. This delay caused the launch vehicle to pitch into a lower trajectory than had been planned, with a result that the abort maneuver experienced greater dynamic pressures than had been specified in the flight test plan. Other than this, all other sequential systems operated according to plan, and after landing, a normal helicopter recovery was accomplished. Thus, all test objectives were met and were actually exceeded because the spacecraft withstood the higher dynamic pressures.

1961 May 2 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike NASA 12.01GT.
  • Cone test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 May 5 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-7.
  • Mercury MR-3 - . Call Sign: Freedom 7. Crew: Shepard. Backup Crew: Grissom. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shepard; Grissom. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MR-3. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Alan Shepard first American in space, less than a month after Gagarin and only on a 15 minute suborbital flight. Only manned flight with original Mercury capsule design (tiny round porthole and periscope a la Vostok). If NASA had not listened to Von Braun, Shepard would have flown on the MR-BD flight of 24 March, beating Gagarin by three weeks and becoming the first man in space (though not in orbit). Shepard's capsule reached an altitude of 115.696 miles, range of 302 miles,and speed of 5,100 miles per hour. He demonstrated control of a vehicle during weightlessness and high G stresses. Recovery operations were perfect; there was no damage to the spacecraft; and Astronaut Shepard was in excellent condition.

1961 May 5 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.02GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1961 May 6 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.28GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1961 May 9 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.29GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1961 May 17 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.04GP.
  • AMPP FU6 Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1961 May 18 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ih.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1961 May 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 May 19 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.06GP.
  • AMPP FU5 Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1961 May 24 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19G. FAILURE: Second Stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer S-45A - . Payload: S-45A. Mass: 33 kg (72 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-05-24 . COSPAR: F610524A.

1961 May 25 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.01GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1961 May 25 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-16-31.
  • X-15A Mach 5, SAS, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5321 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32850 m..

1961 June 6 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.50UA.
  • Sphere / Inflating Sphere 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 June 9 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.56UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1961 June 13 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.09GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 867 km (538 mi).

1961 June 15 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.13II.
  • Antenna deploy test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 901 km (559 mi).

1961 June 20 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-32. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 June 23 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-17-33.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aerodynamics, Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5797 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32830 m. Lost cabin pressure..

1961 June 24 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.15AI.
  • Topside Sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,018 km (632 mi).

1961 June 26 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.20GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1961 June 30 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-5. FAILURE: Third stage did not ignite, and the vehicle was destroyed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer (13) S 55 - . Payload: S-55. Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: S-55. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . COSPAR: F610630A. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Summary: Micrometeorite counter satellite (S-55)..

1961 July 12 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 286/D5.
  • Tiros 3 - . Payload: Tiros C (A-3). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 162 . COSPAR: 1961-Rho-1. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 723 km (449 mi). Inclination: 47.9000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1961 July 13 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.30GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Summary: Two Nike-Cajun rockets launched University of New Hamsphire-Goddard Space Flight Center payloads from NASA Wallops Station..

1961 July 14 - . 02:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.03UE.
  • Magnetic Fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.04UE.
  • Magnetic Fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 014.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.31GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 015.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 July 14 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 016.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 July 20 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.32GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1961 July 20 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.05UE.
  • Magnetic Fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1961 July 21 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.35GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1961 July 21 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-8.
  • Mercury MR-4 - . Call Sign: Liberty Bell 7. Crew: Grissom. Backup Crew: Glenn. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom; Glenn. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MR-4. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi). The Mercury capsule, Liberty Bell 7, manned by Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom, boosted by a Redstone rocket, reached a peak altitude of 190.3 km and a speed of 8,335 km per hour. After a flight of 15 minutes and 37 seconds, the landing was made 487 km downrange from the launch site. The hatch blew while still in water, and the capsule sank; Grissom saved, though his suit was filling up with water through open oxygen inlet lines.

    This was the second and final manned suborbital Mercury Redstone flight, and the first flight with trapezoidal window. Further suborbital flights (each astronaut was to make one as a training exercise) were cancelled. An attempt to recover the capsule in very deep water in 1994 not successful. It was finally raised in the summer of 1999.


1961 July 26 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.57UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1961 August 10 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-22-37.
  • X-15A XLR-99, beta-dot test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4401 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23830 m. Lost cabin pressure..

1961 August 12 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.42NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1961 August 16 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 312/D6.
  • Explorer 12 - . Payload: EPE A (S-3). Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1963-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 170 . COSPAR: 1961-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 76,620 km (47,600 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 33.4000 deg. Period: 1,587.30 min. Summary: Radiation and solar wind data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1961 August 16 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.02GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1961 August 18 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.51CI.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1961 August 23 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 111D (AA1) / Agena B 6001 (AA1). FAILURE: Agena B second stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ranger 1 - . Payload: NASA P-32 (RA-1). Mass: 306 kg (674 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 1-2. Decay Date: 1961-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 173 . COSPAR: 1961-Phi-1. Apogee: 446 km (277 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Lunar probe; failed to leave Earth orbit. Ranger 1, a test version of the spacecraft which would attempt an unmanned crash landing on the moon, was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Agena B booster. The 306 kg spacecraft did not attain the scheduled extremely elongated orbit because of the misfiring of the Agena B rocket. Although the spacecraft systems were tested successfully, only part of the eight project experiments could be carried out. Ranger 1 reentered on August 29 after 111 orbits. Ranger 1's primary mission was to test the performance of those functions and parts that are necessary for carrying out subsequent lunar and planetary missions using essentially the same spacecraft design.

1961 August 25 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-6. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Explorer 13 - . Payload: S-55A. Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: S-55. Decay Date: 1961-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 180 . COSPAR: 1961-Chi-1. Apogee: 1,164 km (723 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 37.7000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Useless orbit; micrometeoroid research. Partial Failure..

1961 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: RAM. Launch Vehicle: RAM A. LV Configuration: RAM A RAM A-1.
  • RAM A-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,280 km (790 mi).

1961 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcas Robin Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 September 12 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-18-34.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aerodynamics, Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34840 m. Smoke in cockpit due to scorching paint..

1961 September 13 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.06CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi).

1961 September 13 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 88D.
  • Mercury MA-4 - . Payload: Mercury SC8A. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Mercury. Decay Date: 1961-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 183 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Alpha-1. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 156 km (96 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) was launched from Cape Canaveral with special vibration and noise instrumentation and a mechanical crewman simulator aboard in addition to the normal spacecraft equipment. This was the first Mercury spacecraft to attain an earth orbit. The orbital apogee was 123 nautical miles and the perigee was 86 nautical miles. After one orbit, the spacecraft's orbital timing device triggered the retrograde rockets, and the spacecraft splashed in the Atlantic Ocean 161 miles east of Bermuda. Recovery was made by the USS Decatur. During the flight, only three slight deviations were noted - a small leak in the oxygen system; loss of voice contact over Australia; and the failure of an inverter in the environmental control system. Overall, the flight was highly successful: the Atlas booster performed well and demonstrated that it was ready for the manned flight, the spacecraft systems operated well, and the Mercury global tracking network and telemetry operated in an excellent manner and was ready to support manned orbital flight.

1961 September 13 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.22CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 431 km (267 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.09CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.18CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.36GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade / Inf Sphere 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1961 September 17 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ii.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1961 September 17 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.19CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1961 September 17 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.37GA.
  • Grenades / Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1961 September 18 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2C. LV Configuration: Skylark-2C NASA 9.01GG.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). Summary: First of four scheduled Skylark rocket firings was launched from Woomera in the joint United States-Australian ultraviolet survey of the southern skies..

1961 September 23 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.08GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1961 September 28 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-19-35.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Heat Trans. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5792 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31030 m. Test reentry heat limit. Smoke in cockpit due to scorching paint..

1961 September 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-38. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 September 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.25US.
  • OSO spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1961 September 30 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.09GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1961 October 3 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-23-39.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Flight made with lower ventral off. Maximum Speed - 4553 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23770 m..

1961 October 4 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2C. LV Configuration: Skylark-2C NASA 9.02GG.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1961 October 10 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.23GA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,544 km (959 mi). Summary: NASA Argo D-4 rocket was launched from Wallops, reaching an altitude of 585 miles and landing 817 miles out in the Atlantic, to gather data on the density of electrically charged helium atoms in the upper atmosphere..

1961 October 11 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-20-36. FAILURE: Left windshield cracks..
  • X-15A Alt, Aero, Low q test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Summary: Outer panel of left windshield cracked. Maximum Speed - 5868 kph. Maximum Altitude - 66150 m..

1961 October 14 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.17AI.
  • Topside Sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,055 km (655 mi).

1961 October 15 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.10GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1961 October 17 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-24-40.
  • X-15A Mach 5, Aero, Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6275 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33100 m..

1961 October 17 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.07GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 October 18 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.40NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1961 October 19 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-7.
  • P-21 Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6,855 km (4,259 mi).

1961 October 24 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 018.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 October 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-41. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 October 27 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.52CI.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1961 October 27 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1. LV Configuration: Saturn C-1 SA-1.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi). Largest known rocket launch to date, the Saturn I 1st stage booster, successful on first test flight from Atlantic Missile Range. With its eight clustered engines developing almost 1.3 million pounds of thrust at launch, the Saturn (SA-1) hurled waterfilled dummy upper stages to an altitude of 84.8 miles and 214.7 miles down range. In a postlaunch statement, Administrator Webb said: "The flight today was a splendid demonstration of the strength of our national space program and an important milestone in the buildup of our national capacity to launch heavy payloads necessary to carry out the program projected by President Kennedy on May 25.".

1961 November 1 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2C. LV Configuration: Skylark-2C NASA 9.03GG.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1961 November 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-42. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 November 2 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.11GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1961 November 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-43. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 November 5 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.12GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1961 November 9 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-21-37. FAILURE: Right windshield cracks..
  • X-15A Mach 6, Aero, Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Design speed achieved. Outer right windshield shattered. Maximum Speed - 6586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30950 m..

1961 November 15 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.04GB.
  • BIOS I Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,057 km (656 mi).

1961 November 18 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.72NA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1961 November 18 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 117D (AA2) / Agena B 6002 (AA2). FAILURE: Agena B Second Stage failed to restart.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ranger 2 - . Payload: NASA P-33 (RA-2). Mass: 304 kg (670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 1-2. Decay Date: 1961-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 206 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Theta-1. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 150 km (90 mi). Inclination: 33.3000 deg. Period: 88.30 min. This was a flight test of the Ranger spacecraft system designed for future lunar and interplanetary missions. The spacecraft was launched into a low earth parking orbit, but an inoperative roll gyro prevented Agena restart resulting in Ranger 2 being stranded in low earth orbit. The orbit decayed and the spacecraft reentered Earth's atmosphere on 20 November 1961.

1961 November 18 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.05GB.
  • BIOS I Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,057 km (656 mi).

1961 November 20 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2C. LV Configuration: Skylark-2C NASA 9.04GG.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1961 November 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 019.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 November 29 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 93D.
  • Mercury MA-5 - . Payload: Mercury SC9. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Mercury. Decay Date: 1961-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 208 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Iota-1. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 32.6000 deg. Period: 88.30 min. Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5), the second and final orbital qualification of the spacecraft prior to manned flight was launched from Cape Canaveral with Enos, a 37.5 pound chimpanzee, aboard. Scheduled for three orbits, the spacecraft was returned to earth after two orbits due to the failure of a roll reaction jet and to the overheating of an inverter in the electrical system. Both of these difficulties could have been corrected had an astronaut been aboard. The spacecraft was recovered 255 miles southeast of Bermuda by the USS Stormes. During the flight, the chimpanzee performed psychomotor duties and upon recovery was found to be in excellent physical condition. The flight was termed highly successful and the Mercury spacecraft well qualified to support manned orbital flight.

1961 December 10 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.76GE.
  • Auroral radiation Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1961 December 14 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 2 TB IIa.
  • Trailblazer IIa re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi). NASA fired a four-stage solid-fuel Trailblazer rocket from Wallops Station, Virginia, in the first of a series of reentry tests. Two stages boosted the rocket to 167 miles; then the other two drove the nose cone down through the atmosphere at 14,000 miles per hour.

1961 December 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1961 December 20 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-1-2.
  • X-15A MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: First flight for X-15 # 3. Maximum Speed - 4026 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24700 m..

1961 December 21 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.64GA.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1961 December 21 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.74GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1961 December 22 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.05UI.
  • UM Ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1962 January 10 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-25-44. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Mud Lake..
  • X-15A High alpha, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Summary: Emergency landing on Mud Lake after engine failed to light. Maximum Speed - 1038 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13,640 m..

1962 January 13 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.68GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1962 January 16 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 020.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-2-3.
  • X-15A MH-96. Mach 5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6058 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40690 m..

1962 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 January 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 121D (AA3) / Agena B 6003 (AA3). FAILURE: Agena B second stage guidance system failure. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ranger 3 - . Payload: NASA P-34 (RA-3). Mass: 327 kg (720 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 221 . COSPAR: 1962-Alpha-1. Lunar impact probe; missed the moon by 36,874 km and went into solar orbit. A malfunction in the booster guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft speed. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. Some useful data were obtained from the flight. Of four scientific experiments only one was partially completed: gamma-ray readings of the lunar surface. Attempts to relay television pictures of the moon and to bounce radar signals off the moon at close range were unsuccessful.

1962 February 6 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 021.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 February 7 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.35GG. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1962 February 7 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.16AI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi).

1962 February 8 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 317/D7.
  • Tiros 4 - . Payload: Tiros D (A-9). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 226 . COSPAR: 1962-Beta-1. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Returned 32593 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 February 17 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.41NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1962 February 20 - . 13:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.90UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 February 20 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 109D.
  • Mercury MA-6 - . Call Sign: Friendship 7. Crew: Glenn. Backup Crew: Carpenter. Payload: Mercury SC13. Mass: 1,355 kg (2,987 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glenn; Carpenter. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-6. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.21 days. Decay Date: 1962-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 240 . COSPAR: 1962-Gamma-1. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. First US manned orbital mission. John Glenn finally puts America in orbit. False landing bag deploy light led to reentry being started with retropack left in place on heat shield. It turned out that indicator light was false and a spectacular reentry ensued, with glowing chunks of the retropack whizzing by the window. After four hours and 43 minutes the spacecraft reentered the atmosphere and landed at 2:43 pm EST in the planned recovery area NE of the Island of Puerto Rico. All flight objectives were achieved. Glenn was reported to be in excellent condition. Beause of failure of one of the automatic systems, the astronaut took over manual control of the spacecraft during part of the flight. With this flight, the basic objectives of Project Mercury had been achieved.

1962 February 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: RAM. Launch Vehicle: RAM A. LV Configuration: RAM A RAM A-2.
  • RAM A-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1A. LV Configuration: Scout X-1A ST-8.
  • Reentry 1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.100CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.69GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Water test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.38GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.70GT.
  • Water test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.101CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.39GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1962 March 7 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 301/D8.
  • OSO 1 - . Payload: OSO A (S-16). Mass: 208 kg (458 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1981-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 255 . COSPAR: 1962-Zeta-1. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Orbiting Solar Observatory; solar flare observations. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 March 19 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.18GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.102CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.40GA.
  • Grenade, Inflating Sphere 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 March 27 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.103CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1962 March 28 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.41GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1962 March 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 March 29 - . 07:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-2. LV Configuration: Scout X-2-1C ST-9.
  • P-21A Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6,291 km (3,909 mi).

1962 March 30 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 March 31 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 3 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ij.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 April 4 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 022.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.79NA.
  • Ozone release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-3-7.
  • X-15A MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Maximum Speed - 4586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54860 m. The X-15 was flown in a test of a new automatic control system to be used in the Dyna-Soar and Apollo spacecraft. The previous electronic control system had been automatic only while the X-15 was in the atmosphere; the new system was automatic in space as well.

1962 April 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.42GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 April 17 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.20CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1962 April 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-45. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 19 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-26-46.
  • X-15A ASAS, alpha 20, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6220 kph. Maximum Altitude - 46940 m..

1962 April 20 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-4-8.
  • X-15A MH-96, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6097 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63250 m..

1962 April 23 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 133D (AA4) / Agena B 6004 (AA4).
  • Ranger 4 - . Mass: 328 kg (723 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. Decay Date: 1962-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 280 . COSPAR: 1962-Mu-1. Ranger IV was launched by an Atlas-Agena B booster from the Atlantic Missile Range, attained a parking orbit, and was fired into the proper lunar trajectory by the restart of the Agena B engine. Failure of a timer in the spacecraft payload caused loss of both internal and ground control over the vehicle. The Goldstone Tracking Station maintained contact with the spacecraft until it passed behind the left edge of the moon on April 26. It impacted at a speed of 9,617 km per hour, the first American spacecraft to land on the lunar surface. The Agena B second stage passed to the right of the moon and later went into orbit around the sun. Lunar photography objectives were not achieved.

1962 April 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-38. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5879 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32160 m..

1962 April 25 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1. LV Configuration: Saturn C-1 SA-2.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Second suborbital test of Saturn I. The Saturn SA-2 first stage booster was launched successfully from Cape Canaveral. The rocket was blown up intentionally and on schedule about 2.5 minutes after liftoff at an altitude of 65 miles, dumping the water ballast from the dummy second and third stages into the upper atmosphere. The experiment, Project Highwater, produced a massive ice cloud and lightning-like effects. The eight clustered H-1 engines in the first stage produced 1.3 million pounds of thrust and the maximum speed attained by the booster was 3,750 miles per hour. Modifications to decrease the slight fuel sloshing encountered near the end of the previous flight test were successful.

1962 April 26 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-39. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 320/D9.
  • Ariel 1 - . Payload: UK 1 (S-51). Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1976-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 285 . COSPAR: 1962-Omicron-1. Apogee: 1,203 km (747 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 53.8000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Summary: Ionospheric studies; returned X-ray, ionospheric, cosmic ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 April 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-47. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 April 30 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-27-48.
  • X-15A Alt, Low q, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Summary: Design altitude flight. Maximum Speed - 5614 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m..

1962 May 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 (3-C).
  • Eglin Demonstration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 3 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.04GA.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 May 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.21GI.
  • ELF electron trap Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 845 km (525 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 025.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 023.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 024.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1962 May 5 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 (3-C).
  • Eglin Demonstration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 5 - . Launch Site: Altus AFB. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 (3-C).
  • Eglin Demonstration mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 5 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 026.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 May 8 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.46NP.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1962 May 8 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-22-40.
  • X-15A Heat T/ASAS/High al. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5670 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21460 m. First flight to exceed 2000 psf (136 bar) dynamic pressure..

1962 May 8 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. LV Configuration: Atlas Centaur F-1. FAILURE: Vehicle exploded due to insulation problems on the Atlas.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Summary: First Centaur flight (unsuccessful)..

1962 May 18 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.91UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 May 22 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-28-49.
  • X-15A Local flow test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5551 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30600 m. Roller coaster flight with three peaks for local airflow investigation..

1962 May 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 107D.
  • Mercury MA-7 - . Call Sign: Aurora 7. Crew: Carpenter. Backup Crew: Schirra. Payload: Mercury SC18. Mass: 1,349 kg (2,974 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carpenter; Schirra. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-7. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.21 days. Decay Date: 1962-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 295 . COSPAR: 1962-Tau-1. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Scott Carpenter in Aurora 7 is enthralled by his environment but uses too much orientation fuel. Yaw error and late retrofire caused the landing impact point to be over 300 km beyond the intended area and beyond radio range of the recovery forces. Landing occurred 4 hours and 56 minutes after liftoff. Astronaut Carpenter was later picked up safely by a helicopter after a long wait in the ocean and fears for his safety. NASA was not impressed and Carpenter left the agency soon thereafter to become an aquanaut.

1962 May 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-41. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 May 25 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.48GT.
  • Sea recovery test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Sea recovery test mission..

1962 May 25 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 027.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-42. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 June 1 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-23-43.
  • X-15A ASAS, 23 alpha, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40420 m. Steepest reentry descent with highest angle of attack (27 degrees) to date..

1962 June 6 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.19UA.
  • UM Pitot 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.43GA.
  • Grenade, Inflating Sphere 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.21CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.22CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-29-50.
  • X-15A Local flow, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5908 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31580 m..

1962 June 8 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.44GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1962 June 12 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-5-9.
  • X-15A RCS check, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5659 kph. Maximum Altitude - 56270 m..

1962 June 15 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.12GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1962 June 19 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 321/D10.
  • Tiros 5 - . Payload: Tiros E (A-50). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 309 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Alpha-1. Apogee: 880 km (540 mi). Perigee: 580 km (360 mi). Inclination: 58.1000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Summary: Returned 58226 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 June 20 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.26NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1962 June 21 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-6-10.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m..

1962 June 27 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-30-51.
  • X-15A High alpha, Mach 6 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi). Summary: Unofficial world speed record. Maximum Speed - 6603 kph. Maximum Altitude - 37700 m..

1962 June 29 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-24-44.
  • X-15A Heating rates, notch test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5278 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25360 m..

1962 June 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.72UP.
  • JHU Airglow 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1962 June 30 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.71UA/UP.
  • JHU Airglow 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1962 July 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 July 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.47NP.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 July 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 July 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-13. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 July 16 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-31-52. FAILURE: Power trips..
  • X-15A Notch/ASAS/Aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32670 m..

1962 July 17 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-7-14.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Summary: FAI world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6166 kph. Maximum Altitude - 95940 m. First astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1962 July 19 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-25-45.
  • X-15A Heating rates, drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5590 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25680 m..

1962 July 22 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 145D (AA5) / Agena B 6901 (AA5). FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Mariner 1 - . Payload: Mariner R-1. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Mariner 1-2. Decay Date: 1962-07-22 . COSPAR: F620722A. Summary: Venus probe..

1962 July 24 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.23US.
  • Lyra alpha test Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1962 July 26 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-32-53.
  • X-15A Aero stab. and drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6418 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30150 m. Roller coaster descent to simulate emergency reentry..

1962 July 28 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ik.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 August 2 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-8-16.
  • X-15A MH-96 fixed gain test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5532 kph. Maximum Altitude - 44040 m..

1962 August 8 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.60GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1962 August 8 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-26-46.
  • X-15A Heating, aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4735 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27700 m..

1962 August 8 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 303.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 August 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 August 14 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-9-18. FAILURE: Roll damper failure..
  • X-15A Const Theta Entry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6029 kph. Maximum Altitude - 59010 m. New reentry technique using pitch angle instrument instead of AOA..

1962 August 20 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-27-47.
  • X-15A Heating, drag, ASAS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27000 m..

1962 August 23 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.30CA.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1962 August 27 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 179D (AA6) / Agena B 6902 (AA6).
  • Mariner 2 - . Payload: Mariner R-2. Mass: 201 kg (443 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Mariner 1-2. USAF Sat Cat: 374 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Rho-1. Mariner 2 was the first spacecraft to successfully flyby another planet. It was a backup for the Mariner 1 mission which failed shortly after launch to Venus. After launch and termination of the Agena first burn, the Agena-Mariner was in a 118 km altitude Earth parking orbit. The Agena second burn injected the Mariner 2 spacecraft into a geocentric escape hyperbola at 26 minutes 3 seconds after lift-off. Solar panel extension was completed about 44 minutes after launch. On 29 August 1962 cruise science experiments were turned on. A midcourse maneuver was initiated at 22:49:00 GMT on 4 September and completed at 2:45:25 GMT 5 September. On 8 September at 17:50 GMT the spacecraft suddenly lost its attitude control, which was restored by the gyroscopes 3 minutes later. The cause was unknown but may have been a collision with a small object. On October 31 the output from one solar panel deteriorated abruptly, and the science cruise instruments were turned off. A week later the panel resumed normal function and instruments were turned back on. The panel permanently failed on 15 November, but Mariner 2 was close enough to the Sun that one panel could supply adequate power. On December 14 the radiometers were turned on. Mariner 2 approached Venus from 30 degrees above the dark side of the planet, and passed below the planet at its closest distance of 34,773 km at 19:59:28 GMT 14 December 1962. After encounter, cruise mode resumed. Spacecraft perihelion occurred on 27 December at a distance of 105,464,560 km. The last transmission from Mariner 2 was received on 3 January 1963 at 07:00 GMT. Mariner 2 remains in heliocentric orbit. Scientific discoveries made by Mariner 2 included a slow retrograde rotation rate for Venus, hot surface temperatures and high surface pressures, a predominantly carbon dioxide atmosphere, continuous cloud cover with a top altitude of about 60 km, and no detectable magnetic field. It was also shown that in interplanetary space the solar wind streams continuously and the cosmic dust density is much lower than the near-Earth region. Improved estimates of Venus' mass and the value of the astronomical unit were made.

1962 August 29 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-28-48.
  • X-15A Heating test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5546 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29630 m..

1962 August 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3A. LV Configuration: Scout X-3A S114. FAILURE: Late stage 3 ignition.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Reentry 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry vehicle technology satellite. Decay Date: 1962-08-31 . Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1962 September 6 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.13NA.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1962 September 18 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 318/D12.
  • Tiros 6 - . Payload: Tiros F2 (A-51). Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 397 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Psi-1. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 58.3000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Summary: Returned 66674 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: RAM. Launch Vehicle: RAM B. LV Configuration: RAM B RAM B-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RAM B-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.36GG.
  • Ultraviolet Photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.02UR.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,691 km (1,050 mi).

1962 September 25 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 304.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1962 September 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-49. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 September 28 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-29-50.
  • X-15A Heating, VO Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: This and most following flights without lower ventral. Maximum Speed - 4450 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20790 m..

1962 September 29 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 341 (TA1) / Agena B(TA1).
  • TAVE - . Payload: TAVE. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: TAVE. USAF Sat Cat: 426 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Alpha-2. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 993 km (617 mi). Inclination: 80.5000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Summary: Thor Agena Vibration Experiment.

1962 September 30 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.69CG.
  • Lockheed XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1962 October 2 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta A. LV Configuration: Thor Delta A 345/D13.
  • Explorer 14 - . Payload: EPE B (S-3A). Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1964-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 432 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Gamma-1. Apogee: 96,229 km (59,793 mi). Perigee: 2,558 km (1,589 mi). Inclination: 42.3000 deg. Period: 2,184.60 min. Summary: Magnetosphere studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 3 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 113D.
  • Mercury MA-8 - . Call Sign: Sigma 7. Crew: Schirra. Backup Crew: Cooper. Payload: Mercury SC16. Mass: 1,374 kg (3,029 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schirra; Cooper. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-8. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.38 days. Decay Date: 1962-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 433 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Delta-1. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. The Sigma 7 spacecraft with Astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., as pilot was launched into orbit by a Mercury-Atlas vehicle from Atlantic Missile Range. In the most successful American manned space flight to date, Schirra traveled nearly six orbits, returning to earth at a predetermined point in the Pacific Ocean 9 hours, 13 minutes after liftoff. Within 40 minutes after landing, he and his spacecraft were safely aboard the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Kearsarge. Schirra attempted and achieved a nearly perfect mission by sticking rigorously to mission plan.

1962 October 3 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 302.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 October 4 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-10-19. FAILURE: Failure of APU, ball nose, and yaw damper..
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5620 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34200 m..

1962 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 305.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 October 9 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-30-51.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5979 kph. Maximum Altitude - 39700 m..

1962 October 10 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 306.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 October 16 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.31GI.
  • Langmir Probe / CWPE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 215D (AA7) / Agena B 6005 (AA7).
  • Ranger 5 - . Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 439 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Eta-1. The Ranger V lunar probe was launched from Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Agena B launch vehicle. The Agena B stage attained parking orbit and 25 minutes later reignited to send Ranger V toward the moon. A malfunction in the Agena B guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft velocity. The spacecraft's solar cells did not provide power and reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition. This made reception of the flight-path correction signal impossible and rendering its television cameras useless. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. The spacecraft missed the Moon by 725 km and went into solar orbit. Gamma-ray data were collected for 4 hours prior to the loss of power. Ranger V was to have relayed television pictures of the lunar surface and rough-landed an instrumented capsule containing a seismometer. The spacecraft was tracked for 8 hours, 44 minutes, before its small reserve battery went dead. Additional Details: here....

1962 October 19 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 307.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-11-20.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6056 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41000 m..

1962 October 27 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta A. LV Configuration: Thor Delta A 346/D14.
  • Explorer 15 - . Payload: EPE C (S-3C SERB). Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1978-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 445 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Lambda-1. Apogee: 17,610 km (10,940 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 17.9000 deg. Period: 314.70 min. Summary: Radiation decay data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 29 - . 20:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 308.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1962 October 30 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.54UG.
  • OAO sensors Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1962 November 1 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 309.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1962 November 5 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1962 November 6 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 311.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 November 7 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.99CI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 November 7 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.16CA.
  • Sodium release (14.13?) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1962 November 9 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-31-52. FAILURE: Engine failure. Crash landing on Mud Lake..
  • X-15A VO Stab, Bound.Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Engine only produced 35% power. Emergency landing at Mud Lake. Aircraft seriously damaged when gear failed. McKay injured. Maximum Speed - 1640 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16450 m..

1962 November 13 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 312.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.79II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.65GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 368.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1. LV Configuration: Saturn C-1 SA-3.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Third suborbital test of Saturn I. Saturn-Apollo 3 (Saturn C-1, later called Saturn I) was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range. Upper stages of the launch vehicle were filled with 23000 gallons of water to simulate the weight of live stages. At its peak altitude of 167 kilometers (104 miles), four minutes 53 seconds after launch, the rocket was detonated by explosives upon command from earth. The water was released into the ionosphere, forming a massive cloud of ice particles several miles in diameter. By this experiment, known as "Project Highwater," scientists had hoped to obtain data on atmospheric physics, but poor telemetry made the results questionable. The flight was the third straight success for the Saturn C-1 and the first with maximum fuel on board.

1962 November 16 - . 20:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 313.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 November 18 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.27NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.14NA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.06GA.
  • Thermosphere Probe 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

1962 November 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.21US.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1962 November 30 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.108CI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1962 November 30 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.17CA.
  • Langmuir / Sodium Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.32GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.20UA.
  • UM Pitot 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.45GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.68GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.45AA AC5.465.
  • Firefly III TERRY Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 3 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.46AA AC5.468.
  • Firefly III SHARON Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; AFCRL. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.67GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.46GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 314.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.109CI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.18CA.
  • Langmuir / Sodium Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.47GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.66GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 315.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 10 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 316.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.80II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 317.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • VO Stab, UVP - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.74UA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Airglow 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 December 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 318.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta B. LV Configuration: Thor Delta B 355/D15.
  • Relay 1 - . Payload: NASA A-15. Mass: 78 kg (171 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Relay. USAF Sat Cat: 503 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 7,440 km (4,620 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 47.5000 deg. Period: 185.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite technology tests. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1962 December 14 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-12-22.
  • X-15A VO Stab, UVP Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6021 kph. Maximum Altitude - 43100 m..

1962 December 14 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 319.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 December 16 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S115.
  • Explorer 16 - . Payload: S-55B. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: S-55. USAF Sat Cat: 506 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Chi-1. Apogee: 1,159 km (720 mi). Perigee: 744 km (462 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Summary: Micrometeoroid data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 December 17 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 320.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 December 18 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 321.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 322.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1962 December 20 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-13-23.
  • X-15A VO Stab, MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6103 kph. Maximum Altitude - 48900 m..

1962 December 20 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 323.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1962 December 21 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 324.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 December 28 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 325.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 2-M TB IId.
  • Trailblazer IId re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963? - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Cork reentry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1963 January 3 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 326.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 January 3 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 327.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1963 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 328.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 9 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 330.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 10 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 331.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 January 11 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 332.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 January 17 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.80NA.
  • Ozone release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1963 January 17 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-14-24.
  • X-15A VO Alt, IR expt Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Summary: First civilian flight above 80 km. Maximum Speed - 5917 kph. Maximum Altitude - 82810 m. Second astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1963 January 17 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 333.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 334.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 22 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 335.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 January 28 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 336.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 January 29 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.73UA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Airglow 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1963 January 31 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 337.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 February 7 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 338.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1963 February 12 - . 01:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.06UE.
  • Electron Spectrometer Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,675 km (1,040 mi).

1963 February 13 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 339.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 February 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1963 February 18 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.11CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 340.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.35CA.
  • Grenades / Sodium release? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.58GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.48GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 21 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.39CA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1963 February 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.86CI.
  • Eclipse inst test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 February 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 341.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 February 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.59GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1963 February 28 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.53GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1963 March 8 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 342.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 March 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.107GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 March 9 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.60GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1963 March 9 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.54GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1963 March 11 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 343.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 March 12 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 344.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 March 16 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.70CG.
  • Lockheed XR 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1963 March 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Hypervelocity test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1963 March 18 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 345.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 March 21 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 346.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 March 22 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 347.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.30GG.
  • Ultraviolet geocorona? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.08UA.
  • UM Composition 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 348.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.09UA.
  • UM Composition 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.87CI.
  • Eclipse inst test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 408.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 March 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I. LV Configuration: Saturn I SA-4.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Fourth suborbital test of Saturn I. The S-I Saturn stage reached an altitude of 129 kilometers (80 statute miles) and a peak velocity of 5,906 kilometers (3,660 miles) per hour. This was the last of four successful tests for the first stage of the Saturn I vehicle. After 100 seconds of flight, No. 5 of the booster's eight engines was cut off by a preset timer. That engine's propellants were rerouted to the remaining seven, which continued to burn. This experiment confirmed the "engine-out" capability that MSFC engineers had designed into the Saturn I.

1963 April 2 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 349.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1963 April 3 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.58UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1963 April 3 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 350.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 April 5 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 351.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 April 9 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.108GI.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1963 April 11 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-33-54.
  • X-15A KC-1/APU Test/Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4608 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22680 m. First flight in scientific and advanced research series - carried aerial mapping camera..

1963 April 11 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 352.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 April 12 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.96II.
  • CSIRO VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1963 April 12 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 353.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1963 April 15 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 354.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 April 16 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 355.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1963 April 17 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 356.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 April 18 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-15-25. FAILURE: Nose gear scoop door opens at Mach 3.4..
  • X-15A HT,Local flow,IR Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Summary: Nose landing gear failed. Maximum Speed - 6066 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28190 m..

1963 April 18 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.07GA.
  • Thermo Probe 2(AE-A) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi).

1963 April 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 6.
  • San Marco Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi).

1963 April 22 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 357.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1963 April 23 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.44GI.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 028.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 029.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 030.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 April 25 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-34-55.
  • X-15A KC-1 Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5879 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32160 m..

1963 April 30 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Judi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 April 30 - . Launch Site: Kindley. Launch Complex: Kindley COOP. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Judi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 May 2 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-16-26.
  • X-15A APU,UVP,IR,flow Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technolgy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5612 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63820 m. Carried earth background radiation instrument in support of Midas reconnsat development..

1963 May 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
  • Hypervelocity test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 358.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.98UA.
  • JHU Airglow 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1963 May 8 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.110CA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1963 May 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 359.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 May 9 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.97II.
  • CSIRO VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 May 14 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.66NP.
  • Paraglider Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 May 14 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-17-28.
  • X-15A Heating,UVP,IR Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5792 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29140 m..

1963 May 14 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 360.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 May 15 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-35-56. FAILURE: Nose gear scoop door opens at Mach 5.2..
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Trav Probe Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6204 kph. Maximum Altitude - 37860 m. Lost both nose landing gear tires and forward fuselage buckled after APU gear box pressure loss..

1963 May 16 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.77IA.
  • Rehbar 3? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA14.141DA AC5.469.
  • Firefly IV SARAH Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA14.140DA AC5.471.
  • Firefly IV BLANCHE Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 May 20 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.137IA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.138IA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.139IA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.130DA.
  • Firefly IV IRENE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S116.
  • RFD-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.13CA.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.14CA.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1963 May 23 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NASA; Canterbury. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 23 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.15CA.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 May 24 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.40CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1963 May 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.41CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 May 25 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.42CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1963 May 28 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: RAM. Launch Vehicle: RAM B. LV Configuration: RAM B RAM B-2.
  • RAM B-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1963 May 29 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-18-29.
  • X-15A Aero heating/VO Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Summary: Inner panel of left windshield cracked. Maximum Speed - 6208 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28040 m..

1963 June 7 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 361.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1963 June 17 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.87GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1963 June 18 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-19-30.
  • X-15A Alt, UVP, Tail p Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5694 kph. Maximum Altitude - 68180 m..

1963 June 19 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.28NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1963 June 19 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 362.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 June 20 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.61AS.
  • NRL Coronagraph test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1963 June 25 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-36-57.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Trav Probe Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6293 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34080 m..

1963 June 27 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-20-31.
  • X-15A Alt/UVP/IR/HorScan Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5511 kph. Maximum Altitude - 86870 m. Third astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1963 June 28 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.62AS.
  • NRL NE3.129? Solar / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 July 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 363.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 July 2 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.14GI.
  • Topside sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 934 km (580 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-58. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 July 9 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-37-59.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/TravP/RAS Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5842 kph. Maximum Altitude - 69010 m..

1963 July 10 - . 02:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.59UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 July 14 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.88CI.
  • Eclipse cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1963 July 17 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-60. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 July 17 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 364.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 July 18 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-38-61.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6315 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31940 m..

1963 July 19 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.37GG.
  • Ultraviolet spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 July 19 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 39.3 N x 117.5 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-21-32.
  • X-15A VO,UVP,IR,HS,Balloon Test/Technology/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5969 kph. Maximum Altitude - 106010 m. Astronaut wings flight. 80 cm diameter balloon dragged on 30 m line to measure air density. First X-15 astronaut flight (FAI definition); fourth astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1963 July 20 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3A. LV Configuration: Scout X-3A S110. FAILURE: Failure..
  • Reentry 3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). NASA launched a Scout rocket with a nose cone of experimental heatshield material from Wallops Island, Va. The rocket was intentionally destroyed when it deviated from its course a few seconds after liftoff. The nose cone had been expected to reenter the atmosphere at 27,934 kilometers (18,600 miles) per hour to test the material's thermal performance under heating loads near those of a lunar reentry.

1963 July 20 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.77GS.
  • OSO B spectrometer Solar ultraviolet / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.89CI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operation Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.90CI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operation Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.91CI.
  • Operation Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.75UA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Eclipse Airglow Aeronomy / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.92CI.
  • Opn Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.93CI.
  • Opn Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.08GA.
  • Thermosphere Probe 3 Aeronomy / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1963 July 20 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.94CI.
  • Opn Probe High Ionosphere / eclipse / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1963 July 23 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.29GG.
  • Ultraviolet spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1963 July 26 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 365.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 July 31 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 366.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1963 August 2 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 7.
  • San Marco Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1963 August 2 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.75UA.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 August 6 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-33. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 August 7 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 367.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 August 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-34. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 August 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 August 15 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 031.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 August 22 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 39.3 N x 117.5 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-22-36.
  • X-15A VO,Spectrom,Photom Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi). Summary: Unofficial world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6105 kph. Maximum Altitude - 107960 m. Second X-15 astronaut flight (FAI definition); fifth astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1963 August 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II 6-1-0. LV Configuration: Little Joe II-6-1-0 LJII-1 (12-50-1).
  • QTV Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). The Little Joe II qualification test vehicle was launched from White Sands Missile Range, N Mexico. Its objectives were to prove the Little Joe's capability as an Apollo spacecraft test vehicle and to determine base pressures and heating on the missile. These aims were achieved. The lone failure was a malfunction in the destruct system.

1963 September 4 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.91GE.
  • CR nuclei Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1963 September 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.22US.
  • OSO B experiment Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1963 September 9 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.06UE.
  • Electrojet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1963 September 11 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.32NP.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1963 September 19 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 032.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 September 19 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 033.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 September 23 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 034.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.92NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 04:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.93NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 September 25 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.65GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1963 September 28 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.64GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1963 September 29 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.18GI.
  • Topside sounder Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,037 km (644 mi).

1963 September 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 369.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 1 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.78GS.
  • OSO B spectrometer Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1963 October 1 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 370.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 1 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 035.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-62. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 October 4 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 036.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.36DI.
  • B field probe Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1963 October 7 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-39-63.
  • X-15A Checkout/Opt Deg. Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4560 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23710 m..

1963 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1963 October 9 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 371.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1963 October 9 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.102NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1963 October 10 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.31GG. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet geocorona? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 October 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1963 October 10 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.103NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1963 October 11 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 037.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1963 October 14 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-37. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.33GS.
  • Solar XRT Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1963 October 15 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 038.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 October 17 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.93II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 October 22 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 372.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1963 October 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-38. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Sharp Upper Vert. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 aborted launch (Sharp Upper Vert.).

1963 October 29 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-40-64.
  • X-15A Checkout/Opt Deg. Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4364 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22600 m..

1963 October 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 374.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 October 31 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.94II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 October 31 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 373.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 October 31 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.111GT.
  • Vibration test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1963 November 6 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 375.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 November 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Apollo LES. LV Configuration: Apollo LES PA-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 November 7 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-23-39.
  • X-15A Sharp Upper Vert. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4706 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25080 m. First flight with sharp-edged vertical stabilizer..

1963 November 12 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.76UA.
  • JHU Airglow 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1963 November 12 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 039.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 November 13 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 376.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 November 14 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-41-65.
  • X-15A CO/Opt Deg/Systems Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5287 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27680 m..

1963 November 15 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 377.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 November 17 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.85NA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 aborted launch (Checkout).

1963 November 21 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.128IA.
  • ISRO 10.01 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1963 November 21 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 378.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1963 November 26 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.10UA.
  • UM Composition 3 / Den Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1963 November 26 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.131UA.
  • Sphere / Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1963 November 27 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-24-41.
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5326 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27371 m..

1963 December 3 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-66. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1963 December 5 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-42-67.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Sys/Mach 6 Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6465 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30785 m. Camera test in combination with U-2 flight..

1963 December 5 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 379.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 December 7 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.55GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1963 December 7 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.21UA.
  • UM Pitot 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1963 December 13 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1963 December 13 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1963 December 13 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.37GI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar x-ray / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1963 December 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-68. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Opt Deg Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 aborted launch (Opt Deg).

1963 December 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 380.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 January 8 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.129IA.
  • ISRO 10.02? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1964 January 8 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-43-69. FAILURE: Inertial instruments failure..
  • X-15A SAS Off Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 42 km (26 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5818 kph. Maximum Altitude - 42642 m..

1964 January 12 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.130IA.
  • ISRO 10.03? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.150UE.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.38CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1964 January 15 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.106CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 January 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.125CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 January 16 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.126CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 January 16 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-25-42.
  • X-15A Sharp Upper Vert test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5216 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21641 m..

1964 January 17 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.31DA.
  • Composition / Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi).

1964 January 22 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 381.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 January 22 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 040.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1964 January 23 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.86GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1964 January 24 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.61GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 January 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 382.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 January 25 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.79UE UNH64-1.
  • ISRO 20.01? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1964 January 27 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.80UE UNH64-2.
  • ISRO 20.02? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.88GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-44-70.
  • X-15A Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32736 m. First test of hypersonic speed brakes..

1964 January 29 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.09GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.71GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.81GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.81UE UNH64-3.
  • ISRO 20.03? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 041.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 January 29 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.89GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 January 30 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 199D (AA8) / Agena B 6008 (AA8).
  • Ranger 6 - . Payload: RA-6. Mass: 362 kg (798 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1964-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 747 . COSPAR: 1964-007A. Impacted Moon but TV camera malfunctioned. A midcourse trajectory correction was accomplished early in the flight by ground control. On February 2, 1964, 65.5 hours after launch, Ranger 6 impacted the Moon on the eastern edge of Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility). No camera data were obtained, probably because of failure due to an arc-over in the TV power system when it inadvertently turned on during the period of booster-engine separation.

1964 January 31 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.82UE UNH64-4.
  • ISRO 20.04? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 February 4 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.22UA.
  • UM Pitot 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 February 4 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.62GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1964 February 4 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 042.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 February 5 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.87GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 February 5 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.63GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 12 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.28GT.
  • Fin test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.88GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.136GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.82GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 February 19 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-26-43.
  • X-15A SUV,Boundary Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23957 m..

1964 February 19 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 383.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 February 20 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.43GE.
  • Auroral particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 February 20 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 384.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 February 26 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 385.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 February 26 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.124UA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • JHU Aurora 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1964 February 29 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.44GE.
  • Auroral particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 March 7 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.137GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 March 12 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Meteor 2/3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 March 13 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-27-44.
  • X-15A SUV,Boundary Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5458 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23165 m..

1964 March 13 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 386.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 March 13 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 043.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1964 March 17 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-71. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 aborted launch (Optical Degradation).

1964 March 17 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 044.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 March 18 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.151UE.
  • Auroral photometry Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 March 18 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 387.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 March 19 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta B. LV Configuration: Thor Delta B 391/D24. FAILURE: Insufficient third stage thrust.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer (20) - . Payload: Beacon Explorer A. Mass: 54 kg (119 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: BE. Decay Date: 1964-03-19 . COSPAR: F640319A. Summary: Also known as Explorer S-66..

1964 March 20 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.152UE.
  • Auroral photometry Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 March 20 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 388.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 March 23 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.153UE.
  • Auroral photometry Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1964 March 24 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.118GE.
  • Auroral Electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1964 March 25 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.120GE.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 March 26 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.119GE.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1964 March 27 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-45-72.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6158 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30937 m. Secret reconn camera test..

1964 March 27 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 046.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 March 31 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-45. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 March 31 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 389.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 April 1 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 390.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 April 3 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.15GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 April 3 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 391.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 April 8 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-46-73.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation /Alternate Build Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5580 kph. Maximum Altitude - 53340 m..

1964 April 9 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.134IA.
  • Rehbar 4? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 April 9 - . 21:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 047.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: RAM. Launch Vehicle: RAM B. LV Configuration: RAM B RAM B-3.
  • RAM B-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 April 10 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.81GG. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1964 April 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.121GE.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 April 13 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 392.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 April 14 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.122GE.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1964 April 14 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.86NA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

1964 April 14 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 263D.
  • FIRE 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 837 km (520 mi). FIRE was a subscale model of the Apollo capsule used to verify the spacecraft's hypersonic flight and thermal characteristics. An Atlas D launch vehicle lifted a Project Fire spacecraft from Cape Kennedy in the first test of the heat that would be encountered by a spacecraft reentering the atmosphere at lunar-return velocity. During the spacecraft's fall toward earth, a solid-fuel Antares II rocket behind the payload fired for 30 seconds, increasing the descent speed to 40,501 kilometers (25,166 miles) per hour. Instruments in the spacecraft radioed temperature data to the ground. The spacecraft exterior reached an estimated temperature of 11,400 K (20,000 degrees F). About 32 minutes after launch, the spacecraft impacted into the Atlantic Ocean. The mission, sponsored by Langley Research Center, provided reentry heating measurements needed to evaluate heatshield materials and information on the communications blackout during reentry.

1964 April 15 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.24UA.
  • UM Pitot 5 / Fire calibration Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 April 15 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.23UA.
  • UM Pitot 6 / Fire calibration Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 April 15 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 12.03GT/GI.
  • Ionosphere / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 727 km (451 mi).

1964 April 16 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.143UI.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 048.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.142GA.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1964 April 18 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.73GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 April 18 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.83GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.113GA-GI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Astrochemistry Meteorites / ionosphere / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.123GE.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 393.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 April 29 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-47-74.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/Att Indic. Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6285 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30968 m..

1964 May 4 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 049.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 May 5 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 050.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 051.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 May 6 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 052.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 May 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-46. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 May 12 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-28-47. FAILURE: Problems with inertial platform and SAS..
  • X-15A SUV/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4962 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22189 m..

1964 May 13 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II 6-1-0. LV Configuration: Little Joe II-6-1-0 LJII-2 (12-50-2).
  • A-001 / BP-12 Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: First flight test of Little Joe II using a command module (CM) boilerplate (BP-12) at White Sands Missile Range, N. Mex..

1964 May 19 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 053.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1964 May 19 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-48-75.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation /Alternate Build Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5262 kph. Maximum Altitude - 59680 m..

1964 May 20 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 394.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 May 21 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-29-48. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Cuddleback Lake..
  • X-15A SUV/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi). Summary: Premature engine shutdown at 41 sec. Maximum Speed - 3001 kph. Maximum Altitude - 19568 m..

1964 May 21 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 395.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 May 22 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 054.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 May 25 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 396.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 May 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 397.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 May 28 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.54DA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1964 June 3 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.33GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1964 June 9 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 398.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.67NP.
  • Paraglider Technology / meteoroid mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.155GE.
  • B Field 1 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1964 June 10 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 399.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 June 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-76. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 June 11 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 055.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 June 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 400.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 June 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- C-53.
  • X-15A-2 Carry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight (X-15A-2 modification).

1964 June 15 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 401.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 June 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 402.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 June 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-54. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 aborted launch (Stability).

1964 June 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas T1-1673. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BioSpace 1 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 June 25 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.156GE.
  • B Field 2 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 June 25 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-32-55.
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4994 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25390 m. First flight of X-15 No. 2 in X-15A-2 configuration, but without drop tanks..

1964 June 26 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.157GE.
  • B Field 3 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1964 June 30 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. LV Configuration: Atlas Centaur AC-3 / Centaur D 135D. FAILURE: Centaur hydraulics failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Centaur AC-3 - . Payload: Centaur 1C. Mass: 4,815 kg (10,615 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Decay Date: 1964-06-30 . COSPAR: F640630A. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Centaur test. Launch vehicle was to have put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1964 June 30 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-49-77.
  • X-15A Optical Degradation /Alternate Build Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5364 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30358 m..

1964 July 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-49. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 July 6 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 403.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 July 8 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-30-50. FAILURE: MH-96 guidance malfunction..
  • X-15A Hor Scan/MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5664 kph. Maximum Altitude - 51938 m. First test of IR horizon scanner..

1964 July 9 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.154UE.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 July 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas T1-1674. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BioSpace 2 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.49CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.50CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.144UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.51CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.52CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.145UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.146UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 404.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.127GI.
  • Antenna impedance Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1964 July 20 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4. LV Configuration: Scout X-4 S124R.
  • SERT 1 Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4,002 km (2,486 mi). Suborbital 30 minute test of NASA SERT ion engine. The early part of the flight was dedicated to attempts to operate the cesium engine. The cesium engine could not be started because of a high-voltage electrical short circuit. The mercury engine was started about 14 minutes into the flight. This engine was successfully operated for 31 minutes with 53 high-voltage recycle vents which were handled by the fault protection system. Each of the recycle events was only a few seconds duration. Major results from the test were the first demonstration of an ion engine in space, demonstration of effective ion beam neutralization, no EMI effects on other spacecraft systems, and effective recovery from electrical breakdowns. Thrust was measured using three independent measuring systems, and there were no major differences between in-space and ground test performance.

1964 July 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas T1-1675.
  • BioSpace 3 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1964 July 23 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.107GE.
  • CR nuclei Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1964 July 25 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.108GE.
  • CR nuclei Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1964 July 28 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-51. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 July 28 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 250D (AA9) / Agena B 6009 (AA9).
  • Ranger 7 - . Mass: 362 kg (798 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1964-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 842 . COSPAR: 1964-041A. First successful Ranger; returned 4,308 photos before lunar impact. The Atlas- Agena B inserted the Agena and Ranger into a 192 km altitude Earth parking orbit. Half an hour after launch a second burn of the Agena engine injected the spacecraft into a lunar intercept trajectory. After separation from the Agena, the solar panels were deployed, attitude control activated, and spacecraft transmissions switched from the omniantenna to the high-gain antenna. The next day the planned mid-course maneuver was successfully initiated at 10:27 GMT. The only anomaly during flight was a brief loss of two-way lock on the spacecraft by the DSIF tracking station at Cape Kennedy following launch.

    Ranger 7 reached the Moon on 31 July. The F-channel began its one minute warm up 18 minutes before impact. The first image was taken at 13:08:45 GMT at an altitude of 2110 km. Transmission of 4,308 photographs of excellent quality occurred over the final 17 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact had a resolution of 0.5 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface in direct motion along a hyperbolic trajectory, with an incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -5.57 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 26.84 degrees to the lunar equator. After 68.6 hours of flight, Ranger 7 impacted in an area between Mare Nubium and Oceanus Procellarum (subsequently named Mare Cognitum) at approximately 10.35 S latitude, 339.42 E longitude. Impact occurred at 13:25:48.82 GMT at a velocity of 2.62 km/s.


1964 July 28 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 405.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 July 28 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.10GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1964 July 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas T1-1676.
  • BioSpace 4 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1964 July 29 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 406.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 July 29 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-31-52.
  • X-15A Heat tran/Local Flow test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5250 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23774 m. First test of various heat-resistant panels attached to fuselage..

1964 July 30 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 056.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 August 5 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.114GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi).

1964 August 6 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.55DA.
  • K64-S-1 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 August 7 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.138GA.
  • K64-G-1 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 7 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.78GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 August 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.104GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1964 August 11 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.82GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.56DA.
  • K64-S-2 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.139GA.
  • K64-G-2 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.84GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.105GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-32-53.
  • X-15A Heat tran/LF/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5688 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m..

1964 August 14 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-33-56. FAILURE: Nose gear deployed at Mach 4.2..
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5776 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31486 m. Nose landing gear extended at Mach 4.5. Both tires blew on landing..

1964 August 14 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 057.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.57DA.
  • K64-S-3 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.140GA.
  • K64-G-3 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.85GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 05:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.115GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.58DA.
  • K64-S-4 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.141GA.
  • K64-G-4 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.116GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kindley. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Reentry 4 Calibration (1of6) Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kindley. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Reentry 4 Calibration Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.106GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.113GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4A. LV Configuration: Scout X-4A S129R.
  • Reentry 4A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Summary: Scout launch tested Apollo-type ablator materials at lunar reentry heating levels..

1964 August 19 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 058.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 August 22 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.126GG.
  • Ultraviolet Spectra (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 August 26 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.34GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 August 26 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-33-54.
  • X-15A HT/LF/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6216 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27737 m..

1964 August 29 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.122GG.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 September 2 - . 03:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.55UG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1964 September 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas T1-1676.
  • Biospace 5 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1964 September 3 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-34-55.
  • X-15A HT/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5817 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23957 m..

1964 September 3 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 059.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 September 4 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 060.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1964 September 9 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 061.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 September 15 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 062.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 September 18 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.115NA.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1964 September 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- A-56. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 September 23 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-35-57.
  • X-15A MA-45R TPS, BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: X-15 Flight 117 (MA-45R TPS, BLN).

1964 September 25 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 063.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 September 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas T1-1746.
  • Biospace 6 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1964 September 26 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.13GP-GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 September 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-34-57. FAILURE: Nose gear scoop door causes handling difficulties..
  • X-15A-2 Stab.,Star tracker test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5699 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29809 m..

1964 October 2 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-78. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 October 2 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.120CG.
  • Lockheed XR Survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.195CA.
  • Luminescent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.158GE.
  • B Field 4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.158GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B Field 4 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.03CA/CI.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.194CA.
  • Luminescent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.159GE.
  • B Field 5 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1964 October 9 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3C. LV Configuration: Scout X-3C S130R.
  • RFD-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1964 October 13 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 064.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 October 15 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-50-79.
  • X-15A IFDS/Tip Pod/AD-SB Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4904 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25878 m. First flight with X-20 INS and wing tip pods..

1964 October 19 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.24GI-II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 840 km (520 mi).

1964 October 21 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.02GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,950 km (1,210 mi).

1964 October 22 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 065.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 October 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.33GR.
  • RAE development Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,100 km (600 mi).

1964 October 27 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.123CG.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 October 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3- C-58.
  • X-15A Gear modification check test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight - gear mod check.

1964 October 30 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-36-59.
  • X-15A Gear mod, BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5009 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25786 m..

1964 October 30 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 066.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1964 October 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.116GS.
  • Extreme ultraviolet spectrum / X-ray flux Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1964 November 1 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.197CA.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1964 November 3 - . 07:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.52UG.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1964 November 3 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.132GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.107GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.34CA.
  • JHU Airglow 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 867 km (538 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena D 289D (AA11) / Agena D 6931 (AA11). FAILURE: Launch fairing failure. Failed Stage: S.
  • Mariner 3 - . Payload: Mariner C-2. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Mariner. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mariner 3-4. USAF Sat Cat: 923 . COSPAR: 1964-073A. Summary: Mars probe; launch fairing failure prevented Mars flyby. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1964 November 5 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.104DI.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 20:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.19DI.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 840 km (520 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- C-58.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight.

1964 November 6 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.133GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.131IA.
  • ISRO 10.04? TERLS-12 Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.134GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.135GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Meteor 4/5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.105DI.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.20DI.
  • Ionosphere / B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 714 km (443 mi).

1964 November 7 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.109GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1964 November 9 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.204IA.
  • ISRO 10.05 / TERLS-13? Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 November 10 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.205IA.
  • ISRO 10.06 / TERLS-14? Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 November 10 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.147UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1964 November 10 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 75.0 W. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.114CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched in Atlantic Ocean, Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 10 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.53CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1964 November 11 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 34.5 N x 74.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.115CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi). Summary: Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise - - Latitude: 34.45 N - Longitude: 74.67 W..

1964 November 11 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.112CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1964 November 12 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.116CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Summary: Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 12 - . 10:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.113CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 November 13 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 068.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1964 November 14 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.110GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 November 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- C-59.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight.

1964 November 16 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.45GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1964 November 16 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.118NA.
  • LUSTER Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1964 November 17 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.233UA.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 17 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.153GA.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Summary: Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 19 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.29GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UM Pitot 7? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 19 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.117GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 November 19 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.149UI.
  • IQSY Ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 November 19 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.148UI.
  • IQSY Ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi). Summary: Launched from Atlantic Ocean during Croatan 1964 cruise..

1964 November 23 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.117GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1964 November 24 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 069.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1964 November 28 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena D 288D (AA12) / Agena D 6932 (AA12).
  • Mariner 4 - . Payload: Mariner C-3. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Mariner. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mariner 3-4. USAF Sat Cat: 938 . COSPAR: 1964-077A. Mariner 4 provided the first up close pictures of Mars. The protective shroud covering Mariner 4 was jettisoned and the Agena D/Mariner 4 combination separated from the Atlas D booster at 14:27:23 GMT on 28 November 1964. The Agena D first burn from 14:28:14 to 14:30:38 put the spacecraft into an Earth parking orbit and the second burn from 15:02:53 to 15:04:28 injected the craft into a Mars transfer orbit. Mariner 4 separated from the Agena D at 15:07:09 and began cruise mode operations. The solar panels deployed and the scan platform was unlatched at 15:15:00 and Sun acquisition occurred 16 minutes later. A midcourse maneuver made on 5 December 1964.

    After a 228 day cruise, the spacecraft flew by Mars on July 14 and 15, 1965. Planetary science mode was turned on at 15:41:49 GMT on 14 July. The camera sequence started at 00:18:36 GMT on July 15 and 21 pictures plus 21 lines of a 22nd picture were taken. The images covered a discontinuous swath of Mars starting near 40 N, 170 E, down to about 35 S, 200 E, and then across to the terminator at 50 S, 255 E, representing about 1% of the planet's surface. The closest approach was 9,846 km from the Martian surface at 01:00:57 GMT 15 July 1965. The images taken during the flyby were stored in the onboard tape recorder. At 02:19:11 GMT Mariner 4 passed behind Mars as seen from Earth and the radio signal ceased. The signal was reacquired at 03:13:04 GMT when the spacecraft reappeared. Cruise mode was then re-established. Transmission of the taped images to Earth began about 8.5 hours after signal reacquisition and continued until 3 August. All images were transmitted twice to insure no data was missing or corrupt.

    The spacecraft performed all programmed activities successfully and returned useful data from launch until 22:05:07 GMT on 1 October 1965, when the distance from Earth (309.2 million km) and the antenna orientation temporarily halted signal acquisition. In 1967 Mariner 4 returned to the vicinity of Earth again and engineers decided to use the ageing craft for a series of operational and telemetry tests to improve their knowledge of the technologies that would be needed for future interplanetary spacecraft. The cosmic dust detector registered 17 hits in a 15 minute span on 15 September, part of an apparent micrometeoroid shower which temporarily changed the spacecraft attitude and probably slightly damaged the thermal shield. On 7 December the gas supply in the attitude control system was exhausted, and on December 10 and 11 a total of 83 micrometeoroid hits were recorded which caused perturbation of the attitude and degradation of the signal strength. On 21 December 1967 communications with Mariner 4 were terminated.

    Results

    The total data returned by the mission was 5.2 million bits. All experiments operated successfully with the exception of the ionization chamber/Geiger counter which failed in February, 1965 and the plasma probe, which had its performance degraded by a resistor failure on 6 December 1964. The images returned showed a Moon-like cratered terrain (which later missions showed was not typical for Mars, but only for the more ancient region imaged by Mariner 4). A surface atmospheric pressure of 4.1 to 7.0 mb was estimated and no magnetic field was detected.


1964 November 30 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.135IA.
  • Rehbar 5 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 November 30 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-35-60.
  • X-15A-2 Gear mod, Stab,ST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4970 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26579 m..

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Birdling's Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: NASA; Canterbury. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.136IA.
  • Rehbar 6 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ION 64-1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.83GA.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 070.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1964 December 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-80. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1964 December 4 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ION 64-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 December 7 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROBIN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 7 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Chute Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 7 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.60UE.
  • UNH Particles Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1964 December 8 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II 4-2-0. LV Configuration: Little Joe II-4-2-0 LJII-3 (12-51-1).
  • A-002 / BP-23 Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Boilerplate 23, Mission A-002, was successfully launched from WSMR by a Little Joe II launch vehicle. The test was to demonstrate satisfactory launch escape vehicle performance utilizing the canard subsystem and boost protective cover, and to verify the abort capability in the maximum dynamic pressure region with conditions approximating emergency detection subsystem limits.

1964 December 8 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 071.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 December 9 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-37-60.
  • X-15A 3D Flow Field,MA-45R Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5990 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28164 m..

1964 December 10 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-51-81.
  • X-15A IFDS/MIT/Air Den Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34503 m..

1964 December 11 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. LV Configuration: Atlas Centaur AC-4 / Centaur D 146D.
  • Surveyor SD-1 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-1. Mass: 2,944 kg (6,490 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1964-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 951 . COSPAR: 1964-082A. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 30.7000 deg. Period: 87.80 min. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Centaur AC-4 put dummy Surveyor payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1964 December 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350. LV Configuration: Aerobee 350 NASA 12.02GT.
  • Dummy sustainer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1964 December 16 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.132GA-GI.
  • Meteoroids Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1964 December 16 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.209GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1964 December 17 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.125UA.
  • JHU Airglow 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1964 December 22 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-38-61.
  • X-15A Friction,GE TPS.,3D Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5781 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m..

1965 January 5 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 072.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 January 7 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.142NA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.28UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-39-62. FAILURE: Control system problems..
  • X-15A 3D,HT,Fric,BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5973 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30297 m. Immediately after burnout aircraft gyrated around all 3 axes for 7 seconds..

1965 January 13 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.111NA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1965 January 14 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 074.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1965 January 19 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV. LV Configuration: Titan II GLV GT-2.
  • Gemini 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). During the countdown for Gemini-Titan (GT) 2, the fuel cell hydrogen inlet valve failed to open. Efforts to correct the problem continued until it was determined that freeing the valve would delay the countdown. Work on the fuel cell ceased, and it was not activated for the flight. The fuel cell installed in spacecraft No. 2 was not a current flight design. When fuel cell design was changed in January 1964, several cells of earlier design were available. Although these cells were known to have some defects, flight testing with the reactant supply system was felt to be extremely desirable. Accordingly, it was decided to fly the entire system on GT-2, but only on a "non-interference with flight" basis. When it became clear that correcting the problem that emerged during the GT-2 countdown would cause delay, fuel cell activation for the flight was called off.

1965 January 21 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 075.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1965 January 26 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-82. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 January 27 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.124GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 January 27 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.118GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 January 28 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.121GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 076.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-40-63.
  • X-15A MA-25S TPS,MH-96,BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6253 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29931 m..

1965 February 3 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.61UE.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.125GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.119GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.122GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 February 5 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 077.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.126GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.120GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.123GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 February 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- C-62.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight.

1965 February 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- C-61.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: X-15 captive flight.

1965 February 17 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 196D (AA13) / Agena B 6006 (AA13).
  • Ranger 8 - . Payload: RA-8. Mass: 366 kg (806 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1965-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1086 . COSPAR: 1965-010A. Returned 7137 photos before lunar impact. The Atlas- Agena B booster injected the Agena and Ranger 8 into an Earth parking orbit at 185 km altitude 7 minutes after launch. Fourteen minutes later a 90 second burn of the Agena put the spacecraft into lunar transfer trajectory, and several minutes later the Ranger and Agena separated. The Ranger solar panels were deployed, attitude control activated, and spacecraft transmissions switched from the omni-directional antenna to the high-gain antenna by 21:30 GMT. On 18 February at a distance of 160,000 km from Earth the planned mid-course manoeuvre took place, involving reorientation and a 59 second rocket burn. During the 27 minute manoeuvre, spacecraft transmitter power dropped severely, so that lock was lost on all telemetry channels. This continued intermittently until the rocket burn, at which time power returned to normal. The telemetry dropout had no serious effects on the mission. A planned terminal sequence to point the cameras more in the direction of flight just before reaching the Moon was cancelled to allow the cameras to cover a greater area of the Moon's surface.

    Ranger 8 reached the Moon on 20 February 1965. The first image was taken at 9:34:32 GMT at an altitude of 2510 km. Transmission of 7,137 photographs of good quality occurred over the final 23 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact has a resolution of 1.5 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface in a direct hyperbolic trajectory, with incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -13.6 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 16.5 degrees to the lunar equator. After 64.9 hours of flight, impact occurred at 09:57:36.756 GMT on 20 February 1965 in Mare Tranquillitatis at approximately 2.67 degrees N, 24.65 degrees E. Impact velocity was slightly less than 2.68 km/s.


1965 February 17 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-36-63. FAILURE: Landing skid extends at Mach 4.3..
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5649 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28986 m. Right main landing gear extended at Mach 4.1; normal landing..

1965 February 18 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.11UA.
  • UM Composition 4? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1965 February 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-83. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.129CA.
  • JHU Aurora 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.95UA.
  • UM Composition 5? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1965 February 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-84. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 February 26 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-52-85.
  • X-15A MIT/AirD/Sky Bright Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6034 kph. Maximum Altitude - 46817 m..

1965 February 27 - . 21:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 37.8 N x 79.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.155UA.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP1 - - Latitude: 37.78 N - Longitude: 79.38 W..

1965 February 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.196CA.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.198GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.199GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.200CA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.03II.
  • UJO-5 (Uppsala) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; NASA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.253IA.
  • UJO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. LV Configuration: Atlas Centaur AC-5 / Centaur D 156D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Surveyor SD-1 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-1. Mass: 951 kg (2,096 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1965-03-02 . COSPAR: F650302A. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Launch vehicle was to have put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1965 March 2 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.04II.
  • UJO-7 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG; NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 March 3 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1965 March 5 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.254IA.
  • UJO-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1965 March 6 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.133UG.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1965 March 7 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 3.9 N x 82.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched by vessel CVE-25 from 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 8 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.160GE.
  • B Field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP2 - - Latitude: 0.01 N - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 8 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.64UA.
  • UM Pitot 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP2 - - Latitude: 0.01 N - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 9 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 3.1 S x 84.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched by vessel CVE-25 from 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 9 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 1.0 S x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.65UA.
  • UM Pitot 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP3 - - Latitude: 1.00 S - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 9 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 3.1 S x 84.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.85UE.
  • UNH 65-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP4 - - Latitude: 3.12 S - Longitude: 84.37 W..

1965 March 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 6.5 S x 84.5 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.83UE.
  • UNH 65-3 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP5 - - Latitude: 6.50 S - Longitude: 84.53 W..

1965 March 11 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 9.5 S x 82.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 11 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 9.5 S x 82.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.98UA.
  • Composition(Tropics) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP6 - - Latitude: 9.45 S - Longitude: 82.43 W..

1965 March 11 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 9.6 S x 82.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.156UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP7 - - Latitude: 9.60 S - Longitude: 82.35 W..

1965 March 11 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 078.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1965 March 11 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 9.5 S x 81.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.99UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP8 - - Latitude: 9.53 S - Longitude: 81.23 W..

1965 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.07UE.
  • UNH 65-4 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.84UE.
  • UNH 65-5 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 13 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.56GG.
  • Ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 15 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 10 Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; NASA. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 March 16 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched by vessel CVE-25 from 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 16 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.01GI.
  • Sylvester I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1965 March 16 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.5 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.171GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP10 - - Latitude: 12.50 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 16 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.8 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.177GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP11 - - Latitude: 12.82 S - Longitude: 78.25 W..

1965 March 17 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.6 S x 78.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 17 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.63GS.
  • ASE XRT Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1965 March 18 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.8 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 18 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.8 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.172GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP12 - - Latitude: 12.83 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 18 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.8 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.178GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP13 - - Latitude: 12.80 S - Longitude: 77.93 W..

1965 March 18 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.7 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.176GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP14 - - Latitude: 12.67 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 March 18 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.8 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.179GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP15 - - Latitude: 12.78 S - Longitude: 77.98 W..

1965 March 18 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.62UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 March 19 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 13.1 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.57GG.
  • Ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 12.05/18.01GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1965 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.11GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1965 March 20 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.0 S x 77.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.228UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP16 - - Latitude: 12.00 S - Longitude: 77.00 W..

1965 March 21 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 13.0 S x 78.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 21 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 204D (AA14) / Agena B 6007 (AA14).
  • Ranger 9 - . Payload: RA-9. Mass: 366 kg (806 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1965-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1294 . COSPAR: 1965-023A. Ranger 9, last of the series, returned 5814 images before lunar impact. The target was Alphonsus, a large crater about 12 degrees south of the lunar equator. The probe was timed to arrive when lighting conditions would be at their best. The Atlas- Agena B booster injected the Agena and Ranger 9 into an Earth parking orbit at 185 km altitude. A 90 second Agena 2nd burn put the spacecraft into lunar transfer trajectory. This was followed by the separation of the Agena and Ranger. The initial trajectory was highly accurate; uncorrected, the craft would have landed only 650 km north of Alphonsus. 70 minutes after launch the command was given to deploy solar panels, activate attitude control, and switch from the omni-directional antenna to the high-gain antenna. The accuracy of the initial trajectory enabled delay of the planned mid-course correction from 22 March to 23 March when the manoeuvre was initiated at 12:03 GMT. After orientation, a 31 second rocket burn at 12:30 GMT, and reorientation, the manoeuvre was completed at 13:30 GMT. Ranger 9 reached the Moon on 24 March 1965. At 13:31 GMT a terminal manoeuvre was executed to orient the spacecraft so the cameras were more in line with the flight direction to improve the resolution of the pictures. Twenty minutes before impact the one-minute camera system warm-up began. The first image was taken at 13:49:41 at an altitude of 2363 km. Transmission of 5,814 good contrast photographs was made during the final 19 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact has a resolution of 0.3 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface with an incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -5.6 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 15.6 degrees to the lunar equator. After 64.5 hours of flight, impact occurred at 14:08:19.994 GMT at approximately 12.83 S latitude, 357.63 E longitude in the crater Alphonsus. Impact velocity was 2.67 km/s. Millions of Americans followed the spacecraft's descent via real time television coverage provided to the three networks of many of the F-channel images (primarily camera B but also some camera A pictures) were provided for this flight.

    The pictures showed the rim and floor of the crater in fine detail: in those just prior to impact, objects less than a foot in size were discernible.

    A panel of scientists presented some preliminary conclusions from Ranger IX at a press conference that same afternoon. Crater rims and ridges inside the walls, they believed, were harder and smoother than the moon's dusty plains, and therefore were considered likely sites for future manned landings. Generally, the panel was dubious about landing on crater floors however. Apparently, the floors were solidified volcanic material incapable of supporting a spacecraft. Investigators believed several types of craters were seen that were of nonmeteoric origin. These findings reinforced arguments that the moon at one time had experienced volcanic activity. Later the images were shown to the press as a continuous-motion movie, leading astronaut Wally Schirra to yell ‘bail out you fool!’ just before the final frame.


1965 March 22 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.5 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 22 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ferdinand 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 March 23 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.02GI.
  • Sylvester II Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1965 March 23 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 13.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.229UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 24 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.6 S x 78.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.8 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.174GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP22 - - Latitude: 11.83 S - Longitude: 78.33 W..

1965 March 24 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.4 S x 78.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.180GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP23 - - Latitude: 11.40 S - Longitude: 78.42 W..

1965 March 25 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 9.0 S x 79.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 26 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.2 S x 79.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.173GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP25 - - Latitude: 10.17 S - Longitude: 79.83 W..

1965 March 26 - . 16:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.2 S x 79.5 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.181GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP26 - - Latitude: 10.17 S - Longitude: 79.45 W..

1965 March 26 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-53-86.
  • X-15A IR Scanner/IFDS Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31059 m..

1965 March 27 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 14.2 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 27 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.2 S x 78.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.182GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP27 - - Latitude: 12.18 S - Longitude: 78.75 W..

1965 March 27 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 14.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.175GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP28 - - Latitude: 14.00 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 28 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 16.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 March 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.143GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP30 - - Latitude: 12.08 S - Longitude: 78.23 W..

1965 March 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.70GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP30 - - Latitude: 12.08 S - Longitude: 78.23 W..

1965 March 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 079.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1965 April 1 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.132NA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 April 2 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.3 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 2 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.185UE.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP31 - - Latitude: 12.12 S - Longitude: 78.22 W..

1965 April 3 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 14.6 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 3 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.207UE.
  • Auroral fluxes Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 April 4 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.6 S x 76.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 4 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.1 S x 76.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.66UA.
  • UM Pitot 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP32 - - Latitude: 24.08 S - Longitude: 76.13 W..

1965 April 5 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 29.9 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 5 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 30.9 S x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 5 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 29.6 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.230UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP33 - - Latitude: 29.57 S - Longitude: 75.22 W..

1965 April 5 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 30.6 S x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.184UE.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP34 - - Latitude: 30.63 S - Longitude: 75.03 W..

1965 April 6 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.2 S x 74.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 6 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.2 S x 74.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.26UA.
  • UM Pitot 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP35 - - Latitude: 35.23 S - Longitude: 74.25 W..

1965 April 8 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.1 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart HASP.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 9 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.3 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.231UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP36 - - Latitude: 44.25 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 April 9 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.4 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.63UA.
  • UM Pitot 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP37 - - Latitude: 44.38 S - Longitude: 77.78 W..

1965 April 10 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 47.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 11 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 48.6 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 11 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 52.2 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.49GS (128-3).
  • Mg II heliogram 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 58.3 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.232UI.
  • GCA Ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP38 - - Latitude: 58.32 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 59.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 13 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.67UA.
  • UM Pitot 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.27UA.
  • UM Pitot 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.186UE.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 59.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.101UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP40 - - Latitude: 59.92 S - Longitude: 77.97 W..

1965 April 14 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 59.8 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 14 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.07UE.
  • Minnesota Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,660 km (1,030 mi).

1965 April 15 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 52.5 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 15 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.127UA.
  • AF-142 thermodynamic comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1965 April 15 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 52.6 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.25UA.
  • UM Pitot 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP41 - - Latitude: 52.58 S - Longitude: 78.33 W..

1965 April 15 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 52.5 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.100UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP42 - - Latitude: 52.52 S - Longitude: 78.22 W..

1965 April 23 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.171NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1965 April 23 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.255NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 April 23 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-41-64.
  • X-15A HT/Abl TPS/BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24293 m..

1965 April 24 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.114GG. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1965 April 28 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-37-64.
  • X-15A-2 Landing loads,Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5266 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28224 m. First star tracker checkout..

1965 April 28 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.150GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 April 29 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.94IA.
  • Rehbar 7 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 April 30 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.95IA.
  • Rehbar 8 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1965 April 30 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 080.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1965 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Ultraviolet reentry experiment Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 May 3 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.127GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 4 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Meteor 6/7.
  • Reentry physics test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 May 5 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.89GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 May 11 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1- A-87. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 May 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2- A-65. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 May 13 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 081.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1965 May 14 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 082.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1965 May 18 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-38-66.
  • X-15A-2 Stab, landing, ST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5697 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31120 m..

1965 May 18 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Smoke 083.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1965 May 19 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II 0-3-3. LV Configuration: Little Joe II-0-3-3 LJII-4 (12-51-2). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Apollo A-003 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1965 May 19 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.29UI.
  • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 947 km (588 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.47UA.
  • UM Pitot 16 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.48UA.
  • UM Pitot 17 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 May 25 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-54-88.
  • X-15A IFDS/MIT/RAS modification technology / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5100 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54803 m..

1965 May 25 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.18GI.
  • Kiwi 1 range test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.37GI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 May 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-42-65.
  • X-15A Radiometer/Scan/BLN Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6040 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63886 m..

1965 May 30 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.05GI.
  • Kiwi 2 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L2. Launch Pad: L2?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.06GI.
  • Kiwi 3 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.07GI.
  • Kiwi 4 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L2. Launch Pad: L2?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.08GI.
  • Kiwi 5 Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Karikari. Launch Complex: Cape Karikari L1. Launch Pad: L1?. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.09GI.
  • Kiwi