Encyclopedia Astronautica
MBB


German manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm GmBh, Munich, Germany.

AKA: Messerschmitt; MBB; Daimler-Benz Aerospace; Deutsche Aerospace.
Location: Munich.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • SPAS American military strategic defense satellite. 6 launches, 1983.06.18 (SPAS-01) to 1997.08.07 (CRISTA). More...
  • Horus German manned spaceplane. Hypersonic Orbital Upper Stage was part of the Saenger-II spaceplane studied in Germany from 1985-1993. It would have separated from the lower stage at Mach 6.6 and flown to orbit. More...
  • Hytex German manned rocketplane. Study 1995. Following the cancellation of Saenger II, Germany briefly considered a manned X-15/NASP type flight test vehicle (HYTEX) capable of Mach 6 flight. This too was cancelled for cost reasons. More...
  • ORFEUS American ultraviolet astronomy satellite. One launch, 1996.11.19. ORFEUS was a German astronomical satellite. It was deployed by the shuttle remote manipulating system arm and retrieved after six days of free flight. More...
  • Inspector German logistics spacecraft. One launch, 1997.10.05, X-Mir Inspector. Robotic spacecraft designed for free flight and camera inspection of the exterior of the Space Shuttle or International Space Station. More...

Associated Engines
  • L7 MBB N2O4/MMH rocket engine. 27.4 kN. In Production. Isp=320s. Used on Ariane 5 launch vehicle. First flight 1996. More...
  • MBB-ATC500 MBB lox/lh2 rocket engine. 441.3 kN. Study 1969. Isp=460s. Used on Beta launch vehicle. More...

See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Beta German SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. In 1969 rocket pioneer Dietrich Koelle was working at MBB (Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm). There he sketched out a reusable VTOVL design called BETA using Bono's SASSTO as a starting point. The vehicle, taking European technology into account, was a bit heavier than Bono's design. But the thorough analysis showed even this design would be capable of delivering 2 tonnes of payload to orbit. More...
  • LART German winged orbital launch vehicle. MBB/ERNO airbreathing horizontal takeoff / horizontal landing single stage to orbit proposal from the mid-1980s. Largely similar to the BAe HOTOL. More...
  • Saenger II Proposed two stage to orbit vehicle. Air-breathing hypersonic first stage and delta wing second stage. The German Hypersonics Programme and its Saenger II reference vehicle received most of the domestic funding for spaceplane development in the late 1980s and early 1990s. More...
  • Beta III German SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. In 1969 Dietrich Koelle proposed his BETA III design. This was to deliver 20 tonnes to orbit with a launch mass of 600 tonnes. In 1996 and 1998 he updated the design for use as an ISS resupply vehicle in place of the shuttle, and as a space tourism vehicle for 100 passengers. More...
  • Beta II German SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. Beta II was Dietrich Koelle's nominal 350 tonne lift-off mass SSTO design for launch of a 10 tonne European spaceplane. More...
  • Beta IV German SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. Beta II was Dietrich Koelle's largest SSTO concept, with a nominal 2000 tonne lift-off mass SSTO design and 100 tonne payload. More...
  • Hytex Following the cancellation of Saenger II, Germany briefly considered a manned X-15/NASP type flight test vehicle (HYTEX) capable of Mach 6 flight. This too was cancelled for cost reasons. More...
  • Maxus The MAXUS micrograviy program was a collaboration between Sweden and Germany. The single-stage vehicle developed for the program used a Castor 4B motor, the largest fired from Western Europe. More...

MBB Chronology


1983 June 18 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-7.
  • SPAS-01 - . Payload: Challenger F2 / SPAS 1. Nation: USA. Agency: MBB. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: SPAS. Decay Date: 1983-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 14142 . COSPAR: 1983-059F. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Ten experiments mounted on Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS-01) performed research in forming metal alloys in microgravity and use of remote sensing scanner. Orbiter's small control rockets fired while SPAS-01 held by remote manipulator system to test movement on extended arm.

1988 May 2 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B DLR K-NBB5-155.
  • TEXUS 17 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1988 May 6 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B DLR K-NBB5-156.
  • TEXUS 18 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1989 April 30 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-167.
  • TEXUS 21 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1989 May 3 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-168.
  • TEXUS 22 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1989 November 25 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-170.
  • TEXUS 23 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1989 December 6 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-171.
  • TEXUS 24 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1990 May 13 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-178.
  • TEXUS 25 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1990 May 15 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-179.
  • TEXUS 26 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1990 November 15 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-183.
  • TEXUS 27 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1990 November 25 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR K-GRC-184.
  • Maxus test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 534 km (331 mi).

1991 November 23 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-196.
  • TEXUS 28 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

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