Encyclopedia Astronautica
KVR


Russian agency. KVR, Russia.

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  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

KVR Chronology


2002 February 25 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2387 - . Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 122.00 days. Decay Date: 2002-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 27382 . COSPAR: 2002-008A. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: The optical reconnaissance satellite carried two small film capsules and a large reentry module. The main recoverable section of Cosmos 2387 landed at about 0230 UTC on June 27..

2002 April 1 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 2388 - . Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Manufacturer: Lavochkin. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2011-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 27409 . COSPAR: 2002-017A. Apogee: 39,178 km (24,344 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 62.9300 deg. The Blok-I upper stage and Oko satellite were placed in a 231 x 490 km x 62.8 deg parking orbit. Following the stage burn the Lavochkin US-KS (Oko) elliptical orbit early warning satellite built by Lavochkin was not tracked immediately, but later was reported to be in the correct standard orbit.

2002 July 8 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2390 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27464 . COSPAR: 2002-036A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. The Kosmos-3M rocket launched a pair of Russian Defense Ministry Strela-3 communications relay satellites. Previously Strela-3 satellites were launched in groups of six aboard Tsiklon rockets into 1390 x 1415 km orbits, significantly lower than this new profile. Strela-3 satellites were used by the GRU intelligence agency.
  • Cosmos 2391 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27465 . COSPAR: 2002-036B. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

2003 June 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot / Briz-KM.
  • Mimosa - . Mass: 51 kg (112 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Mimosa. USAF Sat Cat: 27841 . COSPAR: 2003-031B. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi). Perigee: 316 km (196 mi). Inclination: 96.8000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Summary: Mimosa was a 65 kg polyhedron built by Space Devices Ltd. of Praha, and operated by the Astronomical Insitute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Astronomicky ustav AV CR). It carried an accelerometer to study atmospheric density..
  • Monitor-E/SL - . Payload: Monitor E Mock-up. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 27840 . COSPAR: 2003-031A. Apogee: 835 km (518 mi). Perigee: 694 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Summary: Delayed from October 2002, April 2003. Monitor-E mass model not released..

2003 August 19 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2400 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27868 . COSPAR: 2003-037A. Apogee: 1,501 km (932 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2401 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27869 . COSPAR: 2003-037B. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

2003 September 27 - . 06:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 3M.
  • Rubin 4-DSI - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 27945 . COSPAR: 2003-042G. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. RUBIN-4-dsi remained attached to the Kosmos launch vehicle final stage. The orbital telematics experiment transmited information on the rocketís acceleration, vibration load and position via e-mail using the Orbcomm satellite communications system. In this way, it will be possible to track the rocket in orbit reliably and without any data loss. RUBIN-4-dsi was the fourth micro-satellite from the RUBIN series developed and maintained by OHB.
  • Larets - . Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Education satellite. Spacecraft: Larets. USAF Sat Cat: 27944 . COSPAR: 2003-042F. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: No information publicly released. TASS claimed this was a radar calibration satellite..

2003 December 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela.
  • Payload Mockup - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. USAF Sat Cat: 28098 . COSPAR: 2003-055A. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). Perigee: 454 km (282 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Originally reported as an ICBM test. A Reuters story, later confirmed, claimed it was the first orbital launch of the Strela version of the rocket..

2004 July 22 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2407 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28380 . COSPAR: 2004-028A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min.

2004 September 23 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2408 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28419 . COSPAR: 2004-037A. Apogee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Summary: Launch to replenish Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2409 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28420 . COSPAR: 2004-037B. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

2004 September 24 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2410 - . Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 107.00 days. Decay Date: 2005-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 28396 . COSPAR: 2004-038A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Film-return reconnaisance satellite. Maneuvered on October 1 to a 213 x 330 km orbit. Believed to be an improved Yantar-4K1 with a longer lifetime - and given the code name 'Kobalt' previously applied to the defunct Yantar-4K2 system. When re-entry was commanded after only 107 days in orbit, there was speculation that problems had arisen with the satellite. Sources claimed the satellite had some kind of control problem, which was brought under control, and the two smaller film return capsules were successfully returned. But when the control problem reoccurred, it was decided to bring the main re-entry capsule down early. At retrofire, two objects were tracked as having separated from the spacecraft. Russian search teams were unable to locate the capsule after re-entry. Further launches of the satellite were put on hold until a State Commission could determine the causes of the failure.

2004 November 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST.
  • Soyuz 2 flight test. - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. First flight test of a modernized version of the Soyuz ST equipped with a digital control system. Suborbital launch; carried an obsolete Zenit-8 reconnaisance satellite as a mass model and impacted in the Pacific Ocean. Launch delayed from October 15 and 29, November 6.

2005 January 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 411.
  • Cosmos 2414 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28521 . COSPAR: 2005-002A. Apogee: 968 km (601 mi). Perigee: 908 km (564 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation, replacement for Cosmos 2239?.
  • Universitetskiy - . Payload: Tatyana. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Universitetskiy. USAF Sat Cat: 28523 . COSPAR: 2005-002C. Apogee: 969 km (602 mi). Perigee: 911 km (566 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Student satellite for radiation studies, ejected from Cosmos 2414. The satellite was built by students at MGU (Moskovskiy Gosudarstvenniy Universitet) for the university's 250th anniversary, and was nicknamed 'Tatyana' since the university's anniversary day is St. Tatyana's day

2005 October 27 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 3M s/m 104.
  • Beijing-1 - . Payload: Tsinghua 2, China-DMC+4, Modified MicroSat-100. Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: China. Agency: KVR. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 28890 . COSPAR: 2005-043A. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 682 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Beijing-1 carried a 31-cm focal-length cartographic telescope with a resolution of 4 meters. It was to be part of the international Disaster Monitoring Constellation. Operated by Tsinghua University for Beijing Landview Mapping Information Technology Ltd.
  • Rubin-5 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. USAF Sat Cat: 28898 . COSPAR: 2005-043G. Apogee: 712 km (442 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: Technology/communications payload attached to the Kosmos 3M's upper stage It used the Orbcomm satellite system to return data to earth. Rubin-5 included the AATiS SAFIR-S amateur transponder and the ESA ASOLANT solar-powered GPS antenna experiment..

2007 September 11 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2429 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 32052 . COSPAR: 2007-038A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replenishment launch for Russian navigation satellite constellation. Six satellites were needed to maintain minimum operational capability..

2007 November 1 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 11K65M-SL.
  • SAR-Lupe 3 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 32283 . COSPAR: 2007-053A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Summary: Third SAR-Lupe radar satellite. The final stage also carried a small Automatic Identification System package by OHB/Bremen, designed to test a system for monitoring shipping traffic. Orbital plane ascending node 272 deg..

2008 March 27 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 11K65M-SL.
  • SAR-Lupe 4 - . Mass: 730 kg (1,600 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 32750 . COSPAR: 2008-014A. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Summary: Fourth of five planned German military surveillance satellites using synthetic aperture radar for target coverage at night and in all weathers. Orbital plane ascending node 143 deg, same plane as SAR-Lupe 1..

2008 May 23 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Yubileyniy - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32953 . COSPAR: 2008-025A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Summary: Test satellite with an amateur radio payload to commemorate (belatedly) the 50th anniversary of Sputnik..
  • Cosmos 2437 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32954 . COSPAR: 2008-025B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Three Gonets store/dump communications satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2438 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32955 . COSPAR: 2008-025C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2439 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32956 . COSPAR: 2008-025D. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.

2008 July 22 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • SAR-Lupe 5 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 33244 . COSPAR: 2008-036A. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Fifth German SAR-Lupe radar surveillance satellite..

2008 July 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • Cosmos 2441 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. USAF Sat Cat: 33272 . COSPAR: 2008-037A. Apogee: 735 km (456 mi). Perigee: 711 km (441 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. First in the Persona series of Russian military imaging reconnaisance satellites. The initial orbit was 195 x 726 km x 98.3 deg. The spacecraft maneuvered itself into its operational sun-synchronous orbit on 31 July. Reportedly the satellite married the Yantar electro-optical bus with subsystems developed for the abandoned Arkon-1 reconnsaisance satellite.

2008 November 14 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2445 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Decay Date: 2009-02-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 33439 . COSPAR: 2008-058A. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Recoverable reconnaisance satellite. Launched annually since 2005 with a typical 75 to 100 day mission, with recovery on an interim basis of two film capsules and final deorbiting of the camera and main film magazine..

2008 December 2 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 2446 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 33447 . COSPAR: 2008-062A. Apogee: 39,772 km (24,713 mi). Perigee: 625 km (388 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 718.60 min. Summary: Molniya-orbit early warning satellite..

2009 March 17 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GOCE - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: GOCE. USAF Sat Cat: 34602 . COSPAR: 2009-013A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 96.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Gravity-Field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer. Carried a gravity gradiometer..

2009 April 29 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2450 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 90.00 days. Decay Date: 2009-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 34871 . COSPAR: 2009-022A. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Return film capsule optical reconnaisance satellite. Landed on 27 July..

2009 May 21 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST. LV Configuration: Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat.
  • Meridian 2 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Meridian. USAF Sat Cat: 35008 . COSPAR: 2009-029A. Apogee: 36,423 km (22,632 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 646.00 min. Summary: Secon Meridian communications satellite. Third stage cut off early. Fregat upper stage ran out of fuel during second burn, leaving satellite in useless orbit..

2009 July 6 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2451 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35498 . COSPAR: 2009-036A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2452 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35499 . COSPAR: 2009-036B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2453 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35500 . COSPAR: 2009-036C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

2009 July 21 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2454 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 35635 . COSPAR: 2009-039A. Apogee: 944 km (586 mi). Perigee: 918 km (570 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.
  • Sterkh - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 35636 . COSPAR: 2009-039B. Apogee: 944 km (586 mi). Perigee: 917 km (569 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min. Summary: First Sterkh search-and-rescue satellite. Russia moved the COSPAS-SARSAT search and rescue system previously installed on Nadezhda navigation satellites to a dedicated platform..

2009 November 2 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SMOS - . Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 36036 . COSPAR: 2009-059A. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Summary: Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission, obtaining climate-related data using a microwave aperture-synthesis interferometer..
  • PROBA-2 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: MiniSil. USAF Sat Cat: 36037 . COSPAR: 2009-059B. Apogee: 729 km (452 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Project for On-Board Autonomy technology satellite..

2009 November 20 - . 10:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2455 - . Payload: Lotos-S. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. USAF Sat Cat: 36095 . COSPAR: 2009-063A. Apogee: 908 km (564 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. First Lotos-S electronic intelligence satellite, built by TsSKB-Progress, Samara and KB Arsenal, Saint Petersburg, using the same bus as the Resurs-DK optical remote sensing satellites. Maneuvered from an initial orbit of 199 km x 904 km x 67.2 deg to operational orbit of 903 km x 906 km on 23 November.

2010 April 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2462 - . Mass: 6,900 kg (15,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 95.76 days. Decay Date: 2010-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 36511 . COSPAR: 2010-014A. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Recoverable optical surveillance satellite. Secondary recoverable film capsules probably recovered on 9 June and 18 July. Main spacecraft reentry vehicle landed at 09:10 GMT on 21 July 2010..

2010 April 27 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2463 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 36519 . COSPAR: 2010-017A. Apogee: 1,023 km (635 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

2010 June 2 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Servis 2 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Servis. USAF Sat Cat: 36588 . COSPAR: 2010-023A. Apogee: 1,212 km (753 mi). Perigee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Inclination: 100.4000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Summary: Space Environment Reliability Verification Integrated System to test usability of off-the-shelf commercial components in place of space-qualified hardware..

2010 September 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot/Briz-KM.
  • Cosmos 2467 - . Payload: Kosmos-2467. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37152 . COSPAR: 2010-043A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite..
  • Strela 3 - . Payload: Gonets-M. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37153 . COSPAR: 2010-043B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Civilian store-dump communications satellite..
  • Cosmos 2468 - . Payload: Kosmos-2468. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37154 . COSPAR: 2010-043C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite..

2010 September 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya-M.
  • Cosmos 2469 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 37170 . COSPAR: 2010-049A. Apogee: 39,609 km (24,611 mi). Perigee: 745 km (462 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Summary: Early warning satellite..

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