Encyclopedia Astronautica
Index


1st Academy.
  • First name of CALT

4th Academy.

509th Research Institute.

  • Fourth name of SISE

5th Academy.

  • First name of CAST

8th Academy.

  • First name of SAST

A I Polyarniy.

A M Bondaryuk.

A M Isayev.

A M Lyulka (NPO Saturn).

AADC.

  • AADC.

Aalborg.

  • Danish agency. University of Aalborg, Aalborg, Denmark.

ABMA.

Acceleration.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Acceleration, Bath, Michigan, USA.

ACES.

  • Indonesian agency. Asia Cellular Satellite System, Jakarta, Indonesia.

ACF.

  • French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Aero Club de France, Paris, France.

ACRA.

  • Romanian manufacturer of spacecraft. Aeronautics and Cosmonautics Romanian Association, Romania.

ADI.

  • Italian agency. ADI, Italy.

Advent.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Advent, Houston, Texas, USA.

AEB.

  • Brazilian agency. Agencia Espacial Brasileira, Brazil.

AEC.

  • American agency overseeing development of rocket engines and rockets. Atomic Energy Commission, USA. Responsible for development of nuclear weapons and nuclear power applications. Became part of the newly-created Department of Energy in 1971.

AEC (1945-1971).

  • First Owner of AEC

Aeritalia.

  • Aeritalia. Italian agency.

Aero Dyne.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Aero Dyne, Tempe, Arizona, USA.

AeroAstro.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. AeroAstro Inc. , Herndon, Virginia, USA

Aerojet.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA.

Aerojet.

Aerolab.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Aerolab, USA.

Aeronutronics.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Aeronutronics, USA.

Aerophysics.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Aerophysics, USA.

Aerospace.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Aerospace Corp, El Segundo, CA, USA.

Aerospace Dongfanghong Satellite Ltd.

  • First Owner of DFH

Aerospatiale.

Aerospatiale Matra.

Aerospatiale Tactical Missiles Div..

Aerotherm.

  • American manufacturer. Aerotherm, USA.

Aerovironment.

  • American manufacturer. Aerovironment, USA.

AFCRL.

  • American agency. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Afghan AF.

  • Afghan AF.

AFR.

  • Russian manufacturer. Astronautical Federation of Russia, Russia.

AFRL.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Air Force Research Laboratory, USA.

AFSC.

  • American agency. Air Force Systems Command, USA.

Air Force Ministry.

  • Air Force Ministry.

Air Launch.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Air Launch LLC, USA.

Air Ministry.

Airesearch.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Airesearch, USA.

Alabama-Birmingham.

  • American agency. University of Alabama-Birmingham.

Alaska.

  • American agency. Alaska, USA.

Alcatel.

Alcatel Alenia Space.

Alekseyev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Alekseyev Design Bureau, Russia.

Alenia.

  • Italian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Alenia Spazio, Italy.

Alenia Aerospazio.

Alenia Difesa.

Alleghany.

  • American manufacturer. Alleghany Ballistics Laboratory, USA.

Alliant.

  • Alliant TechSystems.

All-Union State Institute for Telemechanics and Communications.

Almaz.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia.

Almaz NPO.

Altair.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Altair Design Bureau, Russia.

Altair GosNPO.

American Astronautics Corporation.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. American Astronautics Corporation, USA.

American Interplanetary Society.

American Rocket Society.

American Rocket Society.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. American Rocket Society, USA.

Americom.

Americom.

AMROC.

  • American Rocket Company, USA.

AMSAT.

  • Citizen of the World agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Amateur Satellite Corp - Branches in various countries, International.

AMSC.

  • American Mobile Satellite Corp. , USA

AN.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Academy of Sciences (Russian abbreviation), Russia.

AN SSSR.

  • First Owner of AN

AN Ukraine.

  • AN Ukraine.

Andrews.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Andrews, USA.

Antey NPO.

Antrix.

  • Indian manufacturer.

AO Gazco.

  • Russian agency. AO Gazco, Russia.

AO Infor.

  • Russian agency. AO Infor, Russia.

AO Kosmicheskaya Svyaz.

APGC.

  • American agency. Air Force Air Proving Ground Command.

APL.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD, Laurel, Maryland, USA.

Aprize.

  • Argentinan manufacturer of spacecraft. Aprize Satellite, Argentina.

APT.

  • Chinese agency. APT Satellite Company (Asia Pacific Telecom), Hong Kong, China.

Arabsat.

  • Arab agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Arab Satellite Communications Organization, Arab States.

Arboleda.

  • Un. S. Arboleda, Colombia

Arde.

  • American manufacturer. Arde, Norwood, NJ, USA.

Argentine Air Force.

Arianespace.

  • French agency. Arianespace SA, France.

Arizona.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Arizona State University, USA.

Armadillo Aerospace.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Armadillo Aerospace, USA.

Armsco.

  • South African agency. State Arms Procurement Agency, South Africa.

Armstrong Whitworth.

  • British manufacturer of spacecraft. Armstrong Whitworth, UK.

ARMT.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rockets. ARMT, China.

Army Ballistic Missile Agency.

Army Research Laboratory.

  • Second Owner of BRL

Arno.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Arno, USA.

ARPA.

ARR.

  • Norwegian agency. ARR, Tromso, Norway.

ArSat.

  • Argentinan agency. ArSat, Argentina.

Arsenal.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Arsenal Design Bureau, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

ASC.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. ASC, USA.

ASD.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. ASD, USA.

ASI.

  • Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Agenzia Spaziale Italiano (Italian space agency), Italy.

Asia Pacific Space.

  • Asia Pacific Space.

Asiasat.

  • Chinese agency. Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company, Hong Kong, China.

ASMS.

Astra.

  • First name of SES

Astrium.

Astrium.

Astrium SAS.

Astro Space.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Astro Space, USA.

Astronautics.

  • American manufacturer. Astronautics, USA.

Astrotech.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Astrotech, USA.

ATEF.

  • French agency overseeing development of rocket engines. ATEF, France.

ATK GASL.

  • American manufacturer. ATK GASL, USA.

Atlantic Research.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Atlantic Research, Gainesville, USA.

Atlantic Research Liquid Propellant Division (1987.

  • Second Owner of Bell

Atlantic Research Liquid Propellant Division (1987).

ATSB.

  • Astronautic Technology (M) Sdn Bhd.

ATT.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. American Telephone and Telegraph, USA.

Aussat.

  • Australian agency. Aussat, Australia.

Austin.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. University of Texas at Austin, USA.

Australia.

  • First name of DSTO

Austrian AF.

  • Austrian AF.

Austrian Army.

  • Austrian Army.

Avco.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Avco, USA.

Avibras.

  • Brazilian manufacturer of rocket engines. Avibras, Brazil.

BAC.

  • British Aircraft Corporation, UK.

BAI Aerosystems.

  • American manufacturer. BAI Aerosystems, USA.

BAJ.

  • BAJ.

Ball.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Ball Aerospace and Technology, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

Ball Space Systems.

  • First Owner of Ball

Barmin.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Barmin Design Bureau, Russia.

BAS.

  • British Antarctic Survey, UK.

Baxter.

  • American manufacturer. Baxter, USA.

Beal.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Beal, USA.

Beechcraft.

  • American manufacturer. Beechcraft, USA.

Beijing Department 11.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Beijing Department 11, Beijing, China.

Beijing Wan Yuan.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines. Beijing Wan Yuan, Beijing, China.

Belgian AF.

  • Belgian AF.

Bell.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. ARC Liquid Propellant Division, Niagara Falls, NY, USA.

Bell Aircraft.

Bell Aircraft.

  • First name of Bell

BellComm.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. BellComm, USA.

Bendix.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Bendix, USA.

Bereznyak.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Bereznyak Design Bureau, Russia.

Berger.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Berger, USA.

Beriev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Beriev Design Bureau, Russia.

Bharat.

  • Indian manufacturer of rockets. Bharat, India.

Bigelow.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Bigelow, USA.

Binarian.

  • Malaysian agency. Binarian, Malaysia.

BIS.

  • British manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. British Interplanetary Society, UK.

Bisnovat.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Bisnovat Design Bureau, Russia.

BJMU.

  • German agency. Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet, Wuerzburg, Germany.

BKSA.

  • Malaysian agency. Bahagian Kajian Sains Angkasa, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Bloom.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Bloom, USA.

Blue Origin.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Blue Origin, USA.

BMDO.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ballistic Missile Defence Organization (formerly SDIO), USA.

BMW.

  • German manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. BMW, Germany.

BMW and Ruhrstahl AG.

  • First Owner of BMW

BNAS.

  • Belarusian agency. Belarus Space Agency, Belarus.

BNSC.

  • British National Space Center, UK.

Boeing.

Boeing.

  • First name of Kent

Boeing.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Boeing Aerospace, Seattle, USA.

Boeing (1997-2008).

Boeing Canoga Park.

Boeing Huntington Beach.

Boeing North American.

Boeing North American.

Boeing Palmdale.

Boeing Reusable Space Systems.

Boeing Rocketdyne (1996).

Boeing Satellite Systems.

Bofors Missiles.

  • Swedish manufacturer. Bofors Missiles, Sweden.

Bombardier Aerospace.

Bondaryuk.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Bondaryuk Design Bureau, Russia.

Boston.

  • Boston University Center for Space Physics.

BPD.

  • Italian manufacturer of rocket engines. BPD, Italy.

Brazilian AF.

  • Brazilian AF.

Bremen.

  • German manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. OHB System GmbH, Germany.

Bristol.

  • Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Bristol Aerojet.

  • British manufacturer. Bristol Aerojet, UK.

Bristol Siddley.

  • British manufacturer of rocket engines. Bristol Siddley, UK.

Bristol Spaceplanes.

  • British manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Bristol Spaceplanes, UK.

British Aerospace.

  • British manufacturer of rockets. British Aerospace, UK.

British Army.

  • British Army.

BRL.

  • American agency. Ballistic Research Laboratory (renamed Army Research Laboratory), USA.

Brunswick.

  • American manufacturer. Brunswick, USA.

BSAT.

  • Japanese agency. Broadcasting Satellite System Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.

BSB.

  • British agency. BSB, UK.

Bulgarian AF.

  • Bulgarian AF.

Bull.

  • Canadian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Bull, Canada.

Bundespost.

  • German agency. Bundespost, Germany.

Bureau of Standards.

  • American agency. Bureau of Standards, USA.

BWB.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. BWB, Germany.

C4.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. C4, USA.

CAALPT.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines. China Academy of Aerospace Liquid Propulsion Technology, Xian, China.

Cablevision.

  • American agency. Cablevision, USA.

Cal Poly.

  • American manufacturer. Cal Poly, USA.

California Microwave.

  • American manufacturer. California Microwave, USA.

CALT.

  • First name of SISE

CALT.

CALT.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, Beijing, China.

Cambridge.

  • American agency. Cambridge, USA.

Canadian Forces.

  • Canadian Forces.

Cannes.

  • French manufacturer of spacecraft. Cannes, France.

Canterbury.

  • Cant.

CARDE.

  • Canadian Armament and Research Development Establishment, Canada.

Carlo Gavazzi.

  • Italian manufacturer of spacecraft. Carlo Gavazzi Space, Italy.

Carnegie Mellon.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Carnegie Mellon, USA.

CAS.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. China Academy of Science, Beijing, China.

CASA.

  • Spanish manufacturer of spacecraft. Construcciones Aeronauticas SA, Madrid, Spain.

CASC.

  • Second name of CALT

CASC.

  • Second name of SISE

CASC.

CASC.

CASC.

  • Second name of CAST

CASC.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. China Aerospace Corporation, China.

CASDN.

  • French agency. Comité d'Action Scientifique de Défense Nationale, France.

Case Western.

  • Case Western.

CAST.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing, China.

CATIC.

  • Chinese manufacturer. CATIC, China.

CEA.

  • CEA.

Celestis.

  • American burial-in-space service.

Celsius AB.

  • Celsius AB.

CFTH-HB.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. CFTH-HB, France.

Chantilly.

  • American manufacturer. Chantilly, Chantilly, Virginia, USA.

Chelomei.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Chelomei Design Bureau, Reutov, Russia.

Chengdu Industries.

  • Chinese manufacturer.

Chiba.

  • Japanese manufacturer of spacecraft. Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba, Japan.

China Aerospace.

  • China Aerospace Corp.

China ARMT.

  • China ARMT.

Chinasat.

  • Chinese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Chinasat, China.

ChinaSatCom.

  • Chinese agency. ChinaSatCom, China.

Choson.

  • North Korean manufacturer.

Chrysler.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Chrysler, USA.

Chung Shan Institute.

  • Taiwanese manufacturer. Chung Shan Institute, Taiwan.

CIA.

  • American agency. Central Intelligence Agency, USA.

CIFETA.

  • Argentinan manufacturer. CIFETA, Argentina.

Clemson.

  • American manufacturer. Clemson University, USA.

CMIK.

  • North Korean manufacturer of rocket engines. Korea North, Korea North.

CNES.

  • French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Paris, France.

CNET.

  • French agency. Centre de R&D de France Télécom, France.

CNIE National Commission for Space Research (1961).

CNR.

  • Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. CNR, Italy.

CNSA.

  • Chinese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. China National Space Agency, China.

Cole.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Cole, USA.

Coleman.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Coleman, USA.

Colorado.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

Colorado State.

  • Colorado State.

Columbiad.

  • Canadian manufacturer of rockets. Columbiad, Canada.

Common.

  • Common.

Composite Engineering.

  • American manufacturer. Composite Engineering, USA.

Comsat.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Comsat, USA.

CONAE.

  • Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

CONAE (1991).

Concord High School.

  • Concord High School.

Consolidated Vultee Aircraft (1943-1953).

Contel.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Contel, USA.

Continental RPVs.

  • American manufacturer. Continental RPVs, USA.

Convair.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Convair, USA.

Cooper.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Cooper Development Company, USA.

Cordoba.

  • Argentinan manufacturer of spacecraft. Instituto Universitario Aeronautico de Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina.

Cornell.

  • American manufacturer. Cornell, USA.

CPMIEC.

  • Chinese manufacturer. CPMIEC, China.

CRA.

  • Italian agency. Centro Ricerche Aerospaziali, Italy.

CRCSS.

  • Australian manufacturer of spacecraft. Cooperative Research Centre for Satellite Systems, Australia.

CRI.

  • Danish manufacturer of spacecraft. Computer Resources International, Copenhagen, Denmark.

CRS.

  • Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Commissione Ricerche Spaziali, Italy.

CSA.

  • Canadian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Canadian Space Agency, Canada.

CSC.

  • CSC.

CSD.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Chemical Systems Division, USA.

CSICE.

  • Cabinet Satellite Intelligence Center.

CSIST.

  • Taiwanese manufacturer. CSIST, Taiwan.

CSS.

  • Australian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Centre for Satellite Systems, Australia.

CSXT.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Civilian Space eXploration Team, USA.

CTA.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. CTA, Inc. , Virginia, Virginia, Virginia, USA

CTBSC.

  • Chinese agency. China Telecom and Broadcasting Satellite Corporation, China.

Cuban AF.

  • Cuban AF.

Cubic.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Cubic, USA.

Curtiss-Wright.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Curtiss-Wright, USA.

Czechoslovak AF.

  • Czechoslovak AF.

D D Sevruk.

Da Vinci.

  • Canadian manufacturer of spacecraft. Da Vinci Project, Canada.

DACO.

  • DACO.

Daimler-Benz Aerospace.

  • Third name of MBB

Daimler-Benz Aerospace.

  • Second name of DASA

DaimlerChrysler Aerospace.

DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, Bremen (formerly ERNO).

DaimlerChrysler Dornier.

Danish Technical University.

  • Danish Technical University, Denmark.

DARA.

  • German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Deutsche Agentur fuer Raumfahrtangelegenheiten (German Space Agency), Germany.

DARPA.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (formerly ARPA), USA.

Dartmouth.

  • American manufacturer. Dartmouth, USA.

DASA.

  • German agency. Deutsche Aerospace AG, Bremen, Germany.

Dassault.

  • French manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Dassault Aircraft, France.

David Clark.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. David Clark, USA.

DBP Telekom.

  • DBP Telekom.

Defense Research Agency.

Defense Research Agency.

Defense System.

  • Defense System.

Defense Systems Inc.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Defense Systems Inc, USA.

Delta Utec.

  • European manufacturer of spacecraft. Delta Utec, Europe.

Denel.

  • South African manufacturer of spacecraft. Denel, South Africa.

Deutsche Aerospace.

  • Third name of DASA

Deutsche Aerospace.

  • Fourth name of MBB

Developmental Sciences.

  • American manufacturer. Developmental Sciences, USA.

DFH.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Aerospace Dongfanghong Satellite Ltd, China.

DFV.

DFVLR.

  • German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Deutsche Forshungs- und Versuchsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany.

DGA.

  • French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Delegation Generale de l'Armament, France.

DigitalGlobe.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. DigitalGlobe, USA.

DirecTV.

  • American agency. DirecTV Inc. , USA

Discraft Corporation.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Discraft Corporation, USA.

DLR.

  • German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Deutsche Agentur fuer Raumfahrtangelegenheiten, Cologne, Germany.

DMA.

  • French agency. Délégation Ministérielle pour l'Armement, France.

DMI.

  • Danish Meteorological Institute, Denmark.

DNA.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Defense Nuclear Agency, USA.

DoD.

DoD.

  • First name of DNA

DoD.

  • American agency. United States Department of Defense, USA.

DOE (1971-).

  • Second Owner of AEC

Dornier.

Dornier.

  • German manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. DaimlerChrysler Aerospace - Dornier Satellitensysteme GmbH, Germany.

Douglas.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Boeing Huntington Beach, Huntington Beach, CA, USA.

Douglas.

  • First name of Rand

Douglas Huntington Beach.

Draper.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Draper, USA.

DRDE.

  • Indian manufacturer of rockets. DRDE, India.

DRDO.

  • Indian manufacturer of rocket engines. DRDO, India.

DRE.

  • Canadian agency. Defence Research Establishment, Canada.

DRG.

  • German manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Deutsche Raumfahrtgesellschaft eV, Germany.

DRTE.

  • Canadian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Defence Research Telecommunications Establishment, Canada.

DSI and C.

DSIR.

  • British agency. DSIR, UK.

DSTO.

  • Australian agency. Defense Science and Technology Organization, Australia.

DTI Associates.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. DTI Associates, USA.

duPont.

  • duPont.

Dushkin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Dushkin, Russia.

DVA.

  • Department of Veteran Affairs.

Dynacon.

  • Canadian manufacturer of spacecraft. Dynacon Enterprises, Canada.

eAc.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. eAc, USA.

EADS.

EADS.

  • French manufacturer of rockets. EADS, France.

EADS Astrium.

  • British manufacturer of spacecraft. EADS Astrium, UK.

Earth/Space.

  • American manufacturer.

EarthWatch.

East German AF.

  • East German AF.

East Windsor.

  • American manufacturer. East Windsor, East Windsor, New Jersey, USA.

Echostar.

  • American manufacturer. Echostar Communications Corp. , USA

EER.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. EER Systems Inc. , USA

Efremov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Efremov Design Bureau, Russia.

EG&G.

  • EG&G.

EGAO.

  • EGAO

Egyptian Army.

  • Egyptian Army

El Segundo.

  • American manufacturer. El Segundo, El Segundo, CA, USA.

Elas.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Elas, Russia.

ELDO.

  • European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Launcher Development Organisation, Europe.

Embratel.

  • Brazilian agency. Embratel, Brazil.

Emerson Electric.

  • American manufacturer. Emerson Electric, USA.

EMKB Novator.

EOS.

  • Electro-Optical Systems, Queanbeyan, NSW, Australia.

E'Prime Aerospace.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. E'Prime Aerospace, USA.

ERAU.

  • ERAU.

ERNO.

ERNO.

  • First name of DASA

ESA.

  • European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Space Agency, Europe.

ESIEESPA.

  • American agency. ESIEESPA, USA.

ESRO.

  • European agency overseeing development of spacecraft. European Space Research Organisation, Europe.

ESSA.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Environmental Science Services Administration, USA.

ESTEC.

  • Dutch manufacturer of spacecraft. European Space Tech. Centre, Noordwijk, Netherlands

Eumetsat.

  • European Meteorological Satellite Organization, Europe.

Eurasisa.

  • Turkish agency. Eurasisa, Turkey.

Eurasspa.

  • Chinese agency. Eurasspa, China.

Eurockot.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Eurockot GmbH, Russia.

Euromissile.

  • Euromissile, France/Germany.

EuropeSt.

  • British agency. EuropeSt, UK.

Eurosam GIE.

  • French manufacturer. Eurosam GIE, France.

Eutelsat.

  • European Telecommunications Satellite Organization, Europe.

FACh.

  • Chilean agency. Fuerza Aerea de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Factory 918.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Factory 918, Russia.

FAI.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Final Analysis Inc. , Greenbelt, Greenbelt, USA

Fairchild.

Fairchild.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Fairchild, USA.

Fairchild Space.

Farnborough.

  • British manufacturer. Defense Research Agency, Farnborough, UK.

FIAN.

  • Russian agency. Physical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences named for P N Lebedev, Russia.

Fiat-Avio.

  • Italian manufacturer of rocket engines. Fiat-Avio, Italy.

Finmeccanica.

  • Italian manufacturer. Finmeccanica, Italy.

Firestone.

  • Firestone.

FLASPACE.

  • American agency. Florida Space Authority, USA.

Fleetwings.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Fleetwings, USA.

Flight Exploration.

  • British manufacturer of spacecraft. Flight Exploration, UK.

FMMI.

  • FMMI.

Ford.

  • American manufacturer. Ford, USA.

Ford Aeroneutronic Systems Division (1959).

Ford Aeronutronic.

Ford Aerospace Corp (1976).

Ford Philco Aeroneutronics (1963).

Ford Systems Research Group (1956).

Fourth Academy.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines. Fourth Academy, China.

France.

  • France(Asterix).

France Telecom.

  • French agency overseeing development of spacecraft. France Telecom, France.

French AF.

  • French AF.

French Army.

  • French Army.

French Navy.

  • French Navy.

Friedrichshafen.

  • Friedrichshafen, Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Fundamental Technology Systems.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Fundamental Technology Systems, USA.

Garrett.

Garvey.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Garvey Spacecraft, USA.

GAU.

  • GAU

GAUSS.

  • Italian manufacturer of spacecraft. GAUSS, Italy.

Gazprom.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Gazprom, Russia.

GCR.

  • GCR.

GD.

  • American manufacturer. General Dynamics, USA.

GE.

GE.

GE.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. General Electric Corporation, USA.

GE Americom.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Americom, USA.

GE Astro Space (1986-1993).

General Atomic.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. General Atomic, USA.

General Dynamics.

  • First name of C4

General Dynamics.

General Dynamics Convair Division (1953-1994).

General Electric.

Gentex.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Gentex, USA.

George Washington Univeristy.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. George Washington Univeristy, USA.

German Army.

  • German Army.

German Rocket Society.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. German Rocket Society, Germany.

Germantown.

  • American manufacturer. Germantown, Germantown, USA.

Germany.

  • Germany(GRS A).

GFZ.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. Geoforschungszentrum, Potsdam, Germany.

GIE Milas (Matra BAe Dynamics and Alenia).

Gilbert.

  • American manufacturer. Gilbert, Gilbert, Arizona, USA.

GKNPTs Khrunichev.

Glenn L Martin (1912-1961).

Globalsat.

  • American agency. Globalsat, USA.

Globalstar.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Globalstar Communications Corporation, San Jose, California, USA.

Globe.

  • American manufacturer. Globe, USA.

Glushko.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Glushko Design Bureau, Russia.

GMS.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Hydrometeorological Service, Russia.

Goddard.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Goddard, USA.

Goddard Space Flight Center.

Goodrich.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Goodrich, USA.

Goodyear.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Goodyear, USA.

Gorman and Company.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Gorman and Company, USA.

GosMKB Vympel.

  • Russian manufacturer. Lyapin Design Bureau, Russia.

Gostelradio.

  • Gostelradio.

GPKS.

  • Russian agency. GPKS, Russia.

Groettrup.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Groettrup Design Bureau, Russia.

GRTsKB Makeyev.

GRU.

  • Russian Agency.

Grumman.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Grumman, Great River, NY, USA.

Grushin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia.

GSFC.

GSKB Spetsmash.

GTE.

  • American agency. GTE, USA.

GUNPP Zavod Imeni V. Ya. Klimova.

HAL.

  • Indian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. HAL, India.

Hampton.

  • American manufacturer. Hampton, USA.

Harbin.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.

HARC.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. HARC, USA.

HARP.

  • Canadian agency. High Altitude Research Project, Canada.

Hawker Siddeley.

  • British manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Hawker Siddeley, UK.

Hawker Siddeley Dynamics.

HCI.

  • American agency. Hughes Communications Inc. , USA

Heinkel.

  • German manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Heinkel, Germany.

Hellas.

  • Greek agency. Hellas Sat Consortium, Greece.

Hercules.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Hercules, Wilmington, Delaware, USA.

Hisdesat.

  • Spanish agency. Hisdesat, Spain.

Hispasat.

  • Spanish agency. Hispasat SA, Madrid, Spain.

Hokkaido.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Hokkaido, Hokkaido, Japan.

Honeywell.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Honeywell, USA.

Houston.

  • American manufacturer. Houston, USA.

Houwteq.

  • South African manufacturer.

HSV.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. , USA.

Hughes.

Hughes.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Hughes Aircraft Co. , USA

Hughes Aircraft Co.

Hughes Communications Inc..

Hughes Network Systems.

Hughes Space and Communications.

Hughes Tool Co.

Hungarian AF.

  • Hungarian AF.

IAE.

  • Brazilian agency overseeing development of rocket engines. Instituto de Aeronautica e Espace, Brazil.

IAI.

  • Israeli manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Israel Aircraft Industries, Israel.

IAP.

  • Insitute d'Astrophysiqe de Paris

IBM.

  • First Owner of STLC

ICO.

  • American agency. ICO, USA.

IDF.

  • Israeli Defence Forces, Israel.

IDRDL.

  • Indian agency. Defence Research and Development Laboratory, India.

IIAE Institute of Aeronautics and Space Investigations.

IK.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. IK, Russia.

IKI.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Institute of Space Research, Russia.

IL Aerospace Technologies.

  • Israeli manufacturer of spacecraft. IL Aerospace Technologies, Israel.

ILC Dover.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. ILC Dover / ILC Space Systems Division, Houston, TX, USA.

ILS.

  • ILS

Ilyushin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Ilyushin Design Bureau, Russia.

ImageSat.

  • Israeli agency. ImageSat, Tel Aviv, Israel.

IMBP.

  • Insitute for the Study of Biomedical Problems, Russia.

Indian AF.

  • Indian AF.

Indostar.

  • Indonesian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. PT Media Citra Indostar, Jakarta, Indonesia.

INETI.

  • Portugese agency. INETI, Portugal.

Inmarsat.

  • Citizen of the World agency overseeing development of spacecraft. International Maritime Satellite Organization, International.

INP.

  • INP

INPE.

  • Brazilian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil.

Institute 601.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Institute 601, China.

Institute 611.

  • Chinese manufacturer.

INTA.

  • Spanish agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Torrejon, Spain.

Intelsat.

  • American agency. International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, Washington DC. , Washington, DC, USA

Interfer.

  • American agency. Interfer, USA.

Interorbital Systems.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Interorbital Systems, USA.

Intersputnik.

  • Russian agency. Intersputnik, Russia.

Interstate.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Interstate, USA.

INVAP.

  • Argentinan manufacturer of spacecraft. INVAP SA, Bariloche, Argentina.

Iran Telecom.

  • Iran Telecommunications Company.

Iraq MIC.

  • Iraq MIC

Iraqi Army.

  • Iraqi Army

Iridium.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Iridium Inc. , Washington DC. , Washington, DC, USA

IRSA.

  • IRSA

ISA.

  • Israeli agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Israeli Space Agency, Israel.

ISAC.

  • Japanese agency. Telecom Information Sharing and Analysis Centre.

ISAS.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan.

Isayev.

  • Isayev Design Bureau, Russia.

Iskra.

  • Russian agency. KB Iskra / Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia.

ISRO.

  • Indian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Indian Space Research Organization, India.

Italian AF.

  • Italian AF.

Italian Army.

  • Italian Army.

ITSO.

  • ITSO.

Ivanov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Ivanov Design Bureau, Russia.

Izmiran.

  • Russian agency. Izmiran, Russia.

Izotov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Izotov Design Bureau, Russia.

Japan.

  • Japan(Ayame).

JARL.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Japanese Amateur Radio League, Japan.

JAXA.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. JAXA, Japan.

JCSAT.

  • Japanese agency. JCSAT, Japan.

JDA.

  • JDA

Jena.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. Karl Zeiss Jena, Jena, Germany.

JIDF.

  • Japanese agency. JIDF, Japan.

JMA.

  • Japanese agency. Japan Meteorological Agency, Japan.

JMSDF.

  • JMSDF

Johnson Space Center.

JPL.

  • American agency;manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USA.

JSAT.

  • Japanese agency. Japan Satellite Systems, Japan.

JSCC.

  • Japanese Communications Corporation, Japan.

Kabardin-Balak.

  • Kabardin-Balak.

KACST.

  • Saudi manufacturer of spacecraft. King Abdulaziz City for Science and Tech, Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Kaiser Marquardt.

KAIST.

  • South Korean manufacturer of spacecraft. Korea Advanced Institute for Space Technology, Korea South.

KARI.

  • South Korean agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Korea South.

Kartukov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Kartukov Design Bureau, Russia.

Kawasaki.

  • Japanese manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kawasaki, Japan.

Kayser-Threde.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. Kayser-Threde, Munich, Germany.

Kazakh AF.

  • Kazakh AF.

KazSat.

  • Russian agency. KazSat, Russia.

KB Khimavtomatiki.

KB KhimMash.

KB Khimmash Imeni A. M. Isayeva.

KB Melnikov.

KB Yuzhnoye (1965).

KB-1.

KB-1.

KB-2 of OKB-81.

KB-82 Factory 134 GKAT.

KBEM.

KBM (1965).

KBMash.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. KBMash, Russia.

KBOM (1965).

KBP.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Instrument Production Design Bureau, Tula, Russia.

KBPM (1965).

Keldysh Research Center.

Kellogg.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Kellogg, USA.

Kelly.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kelly Space and Technology, USA.

Kent.

  • American manufacturer. Kent, USA.

Kentron.

  • South African manufacturer. Kentron, South Africa.

Kern County.

  • Kern County.

KGB.

  • Russian agency.

Kirgiz AF.

  • Kirgiz AF.

Kistler.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kistler, USA.

Kittyhawk.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Kittyhawk, USA.

Klimov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Klimov, Russia.

KNITs.

  • Russian agency. KNITs, Russia.

Kodak.

  • American manufacturer. Kodak, USA.

Komsomolskaya Pravda.

  • Komsomolskaya Pravda, Russian newspaper.

Kongsberg.

  • Norwegian manufacturer. Kongsberg Gruppen ASA, Norway.

Konsberg Vaapenfabrik.

Korea, North.

  • Dem. People's Republic of Korea (Chongon)

Korean Peoples Army.

  • Korean Peoples Army.

Korolev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia.

Kosberg.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Kosberg Design Bureau, Russia.

Kostin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Kostin Design Bureau, Korolev, Russia.

Kozlov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kozlov Central Specialized Design Bureau, Samara, Russia.

KPNO.

  • American agency. Kitt Peak National Observatory, USA.

Krasnyy Oktyabr Joint Stock Company.

Kriegsmarine.

  • Kriegsmarine.

KT.

  • South Korean agency. Korea Technology, Korea South.

Kurchatov.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Kurchatov Design Bureau, Russia.

Kuznetsov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Kuznetsov Design Bureau, Russia.

KVR.

  • Russian agency. KVR, Russia.

La Sapienza.

  • Italian manufacturer. Universita degli Studi "la Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Langley Research Center.

LANL.

LAPAN.

  • Indonesian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional (National Institute for Aeronautics and Space)Space), Indonesia.

LaRC.

LASL.

Lavochkin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Lavochkin Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia.

Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory.

Leading Systems.

  • American manufacturer. Leading Systems, USA.

Lebedev.

  • Russian manufacturer.

Les Mureaux.

  • French manufacturer of rockets. Les Mureaux, France.

L'Garde.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. L'Garde, Inc. , USA

Liberty.

  • American manufacturer.

LII.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Flight-Research Institute, Russia.

Lincoln.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. MIT Lincoln Laboratory, USA.

Lippisch.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Lippisch, Germany.

Literaturnaya Gazeta.

  • Literaturnaya Gazeta, Russian newspaper.

Litton.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Litton, USA.

Livermore.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Livermore, USA.

LMI.

  • American manufacturer.

LMSC.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Lockheed Missiles and Space Company (now LMMS), USA.

Lockheed.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale, CA, USA.

Lockheed Martin.

Lockheed Martin.

Lockheed Martin (1995-).

Lockheed Martin (1996-1998).

Lockheed Martin Astronautics.

Lockheed Martin Electronics & Missiles.

  • American manufacturer. Lockheed Martin Electronics & Missiles, USA.

Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space.

Lockheed Martin Tactical Defense Systems.

  • American manufacturer. Lockheed Martin Tactical Defense Systems, USA.

Lockheed Martin Vought Systems.

Lockheed Missiles and Space Company (now LMMS).

Lone Star.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Lone Star, USA.

Los Alamos.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Los Alamos, USA.

Lotarev.

  • Ukrainian manufacturer of rocket engines. Lotarev Design Bureau, Ukraine.

Louisiana.

  • American manufacturer. Louisiana, Louisiana, USA.

LPC.

  • LPC Global.

LRBA.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. LRBA, France.

LTV.

Luftwaffe.

  • German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Luftwaffe, Germany.

Lyapin.

  • Russian manufacturer. Lyapin Design Bureau, Russia.

Lyulev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Lyulev Design Bureau, Ekaterinburg, Russia.

Lyulka.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Lyulka Design Bureau, Russia.

Machine Production Scientific Production Assn.

  • Russian manufacturer. Machine Production Scientific Production Association, Russia.

Macuh Laboratories.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Macuh Laboratories, USA.

MAI.

  • Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russia.

Makeyev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Makeyev Design Bureau, Kolomna, Russia.

Makeyev (1976).

Manchester.

  • Manchester.

Manned Space Flight Center.

Marconi.

  • British manufacturer. Marconi, UK.

Marquardt.

  • Van Nuys, CA, USA.

Mars Confectionery.

  • Mars Confectionery.

Mars Society.

  • Mars Society.

Martin.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA.

Martin Marietta.

Martin Marietta (1961-1995).

Martin Marietta Astro Space (1993-1996).

Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956).

Maryland.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. University of Maryland, USA.

MATI.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. MATI, Russia.

Matra.

Matra Aerospace Fairchild Space (1989).

MATRA BAe Dynamics.

MATRA BAe Dynamics.

MATRA BAe Dynamics (Hawker Siddeley).

Matra Marconi.

  • French manufacturer of spacecraft. Matra Marconi, France.

Matra Marconi Space.

Matra Marconi Space.

Matra Marconi Space-France.

Matra/British Aerospace.

Maul.

  • Austrian manufacturer of rockets. Maul, Austria.

Max-Planck-Institut.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany.

Mazlat.

  • American manufacturer. Mazlat Ltd (IAI/AAI, USA.

MBB.

  • German manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm GmBh, Munich, Germany.

MBC.

  • Japanese agency. Mobile Broadcasting Corp, Japan.

MBT.

  • MBT

McDonnell.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. McDonnell, St Louis, USA.

McDonnell Douglas.

  • American manufacturer. McDonnell Douglas, USA.

McDonnell Douglas (1994 to 1997).

McDonnell Douglas Huntington Beach.

McKinsey.

  • McKinsey.

McLean.

  • American manufacturer. McLean, McLean, USA.

McMaster.

  • McMaster.

MDA.

  • American agency. Missile Defense Agency, USA.

MDAC.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co. , USA

MDD.

  • American manufacturer. MDD, USA.

MDSSC.

  • American agency. McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Corp, USA.

MegSat.

  • Italian manufacturer of spacecraft. MegSat, Gruppo Meggiorin, Brescia, Italy.

Melco.

  • Japanese manufacturer of spacecraft. Melco, Japan.

Melnikov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Melnikov Design Bureau, Russia.

Messerschmitt.

  • First Owner of MBB

Michigan.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets. Univeristy of Michigan, USA.

Michoud.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Michoud, USA.

Microcosm.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Microcosm, USA.

MicroCraft.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. MicroCraft, USA.

MicroSats.

  • American manufacturer. MicroSats, USA.

Micro-Space.

  • Micro-Space.

MiG.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau, Russia.

Military Aircraft & Missile System.

  • Military Aircraft & Missile System.

MIT.

MIT.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA.

Mitsubishi.

  • Japanese manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Mitsubishi Electric Corp, Japan.

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

MKB Iskra.

MLIT.

  • Japanese agency. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Japan.

MNF.

  • MNF

MO.

  • Ministry of Defence, Russia.

MoD.

MoD.

  • British agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ministry of Defence, UK.

Mohr.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Mohr, Germany.

Molniya.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Molniya Design Bureau, Russia.

MOM.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ministry of General Machine Building (Moskva, Russia), Moscow, Russia.

Mongolian AF.

  • Mongolian AF.

Montana State.

  • Montana State.

Morelos.

  • Mexican agency. Morelos, Mexico.

Morton Thiokol (1982).

Moscow Heat Engineering Institute.

Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology.

Moscow Radio Communications Research Institute.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Moscow Radio Communications Research Institute, Russia.

Motorola.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Motorola Satellite, Chandler, Chandler, Arizona, USA.

MO-UK.

  • British agency. Meteorological Office, UK.

Mozhaiskiy.

  • Russian agency. Mozhaiskiy Military Institute, Russia.

MPSC.

  • Philippine agency. MPSC, Philippines.

MRN.

  • American agency. Meteorological Rocket Network, USA.

MSU.

  • MSU.

MT.

  • Japanese manufacturer. Ministry of Telecommunications, Japan.

MVS.

  • Russian agency. Ministry of Defence, Russia.

Myasishchev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Myasishchev Design Bureau, Russia.

N D Kuznetsov.

NADC.

  • American manufacturer. NADC, USA.

Nadiradize.

  • Russian manufacturer. Nadiradize Design Bureau, Russia.

Nadiradze.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nadiradze, Russia.

Nahuelsat (1993).

NAL.

  • Japanese agency. National Aerospace Laboratory, Japan.

Nammo.

  • Norwegian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nammo Raufoss AS, Norway.

NARSSS.

  • Egyptian agency. NARSSS, Egypt.

NASA.

NASA.

NASA.

NASA.

NASA.

NASA.

  • First name of JPL

NASA.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA.

NASA Ames.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Ames, USA.

NASA Cleveland.

  • NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, USA.

NASA Goddard.

NASA Greenbelt.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Greenbelt, USA.

NASA Houston.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Houston, Houston, USA.

NASA Huntsville.

  • Army Ballistic Missile Agency, USA.

NASA Kennedy.

  • American agency.

NASA Langley.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Langley, USA.

NASA Marshall.

NASA PARD.

NASA Wallops.

  • American agency. Wallops Flight Facility (NASA), Wallops, USA.

NASA WFC.

NASAMS.

  • Norwegian manufacturer. NASAMS, Norway.

NASC.

  • American manufacturer. NASC, USA.

NASDA.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. National Space Development Agency, Japan.

NATO.

  • European agency overseeing development of spacecraft. North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Europe.

Naval Ordnance Lab.

  • American manufacturer. Naval Ordnance Lab, USA.

Naval Propellant Plant.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Naval Propellant Plant, USA.

Naval Weapons Center.

  • Second Owner of NAWC

NAWC.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division (formerly called Naval Weapons Center), USA.

NCAR.

  • American agency.

NCS.

  • Nigerian Communications Satellite Ltd, Nigeria.

NCST.

  • Algerian agency. NCST, Algeria.

NDRE.

  • Norwegian Defense Research Establishment, Norway.

Nebel.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Nebel, Germany.

NEC.

  • Japanese manufacturer of spacecraft. Nippon Electric Corporation, Japan.

New Mexico.

  • New Mexico State University, USA.

New Skies.

  • Dutch agency. New Skies, Netherlands.

NHK.

  • Japanese agency. Nippon Hoso Kyokai, Japan, Japan.

NIEMI.

NII KP.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. NII KP, Russia.

NII Mash.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. NII Mash, Russia.

NII Mashinostroyeniyanii.

NII Mashinostroyeniyanii.

NII-1.

NII-1.

NII-10.

NII-125.

  • Ukrainian manufacturer of rocket engines. NII-125, Ukraine.

NII-20 GKRE.

NII-627.

NII-88.

NIIP Dolgoprudneisk NPP.

NIIP Priborostroeniya named for V V Tikhomirov.

NII-TT.

Nilesat.

  • Egyptian agency. Nilesat SA, Egypt.

NIPR.

  • Japanese agency. National Institute of Polar Research, Japan.

Nissan.

  • Japanese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nissan, Japan.

NIST.

  • National Institute of Standards and Technology.

NIVR.

  • Dutch manufacturer of spacecraft. NIVR, Netherlands.

NKAU.

  • Ukrainian agency. National Space agency overseeing development of Ukraine, Ukraine.

NMC.

  • American agency. Naval Missile Center, Point Mugu, CA, USA.

NOAA.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA.

Nord.

  • French manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Nord Aviation, France.

Nord Aviation.

  • First Owner of Nord

NORINCO.

  • Chinese manufacturer. NORINCO, China.

Norsk Romsenter.

  • Norwegian agency. Norsk Romsenter, Norway.

North American.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. North American, Palmdale, El Segundo. Downey, CA, USA

North American.

North American Aviation (1944).

Northrop.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Northrop, USA.

Northrop Grumman.

Northrop Grumman.

Northrop Grumman Space Technology.

  • Second Owner of TRW

NOTS.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Naval Ordnance Test Station, China Lake, CA, USA.

Novator.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Novator NPO, Russia.

NPO Energia.

NPO Energomash imeni V P Glushko.

NPO Mashinostroyeniya.

NPO PM.

NPO Saturn.

NPO Yuzhnoye.

NRCC.

  • Canadian agency. National Research Council Canada, Canada.

NRL.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA.

NRO.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. National Reconnaissance Office, USA.

NSA.

  • American agency. National Security Agency (Ft. Meade, MD), Fort Meade, MD, USA

NSAB.

  • Swedish agency. Nordiska Satellit AB, Stockholm, Sweden.

NSF.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. National Science Foundation, USA.

NSPO.

  • Taiwanese manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. National Space Program Office, Taiwan.

NSRDA.

  • Nigerian agency. National Space R&D agency overseeing development of Nigeria, Nigeria.

NSROC.

  • NASA Sounding Rocket Operations Contract

NTNF.

  • Norwegian agency. Royal Norwegian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Norway.

NTT.

  • Japanese agency. Nippon Telephone and Telegraph, Japan.

Nudelman.

  • Russian manufacturer. Precision Engineering Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia.

NUDT Changsha.

  • NUDT Changsha.

Oberth.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Oberth, Germany.

Odyssey.

  • Odyssey Worldwide Services (commercial venture).

Oerlikon.

  • Swiss manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Oerlikon, Switzerland.

Oerlikon Aerospace Inc..

Oerlikon-Contraves.

OHB System GmbH.

OKB Dushkin.

OKB Fakel.

OKB Zarya.

OKB-1.

OKB-1 Filial 3.

OKB-10.

OKB-11 GKAT.

OKB-117.

OKB-134.

OKB-154.

OKB-155.

  • First Owner of MiG

OKB-16.

OKB-165.

OKB-2.

OKB-23.

OKB-256.

OKB-276.

OKB-3 of NII-88.

OKB-30.

  • Russian agency. OKB-30, Russia.

OKB-300 Turayevo Branch.

OKB-301.

OKB-4.

OKB-456.

OKB-52.

OKB-586.

OKB-670.

ONERA.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales, France.

ONR.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets. Office of Naval Research, USA.

ONR-Titan.

  • American manufacturer. ONR-Titan, USA.

Opel.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Opel, Germany.

Optus.

  • Australian agency. Optus Communications, Australia.

Orbcomm.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Orbital Communications Corp, Dulles, USA.

Orbimage.

  • American agency. Orbital Imaging Corp, Dulles, USA.

Orbital Sciences Corp.

Orbital Technologies Corporation.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Orbital Technologies Corporation, USA.

Orion.

  • American agency. Orion Satellite Systems, USA.

Orion Propulsion.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Orion Propulsion, USA.

Orlando.

  • American manufacturer. Martin Orlando, Orlando, FL, USA.

OSC.

OSC.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Orbital Sciences Corporation, USA.

OSCAR.

  • American agency. Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio, USA.

OTO Melera.

  • Italian manufacturer. OTO Melera, Italy.

Otrag.

  • German manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Orbital Transport-und-Raketen Aktiengesellschaft, Germany.

Ottobrunn.

  • German manufacturer of rocket engines. Ottobrunn, Germany.

Pablo De Leon.

  • Argentinan manufacturer of spacecraft. Pablo De Leon, Argentina.

Pacific American Launch Systems.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Pacific American Launch Systems, USA.

Pakistan Army.

  • Pakistan Army.

Palo Alto.

Palo Alto.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Palo Alto, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Panaero.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Panaero, USA.

PanAmSat.

  • American agency. Panamsat Inc. , Greenwich, Connecticut, USA

Paradigm.

  • British agency. Paradigm, UK.

Parana.

  • Brazilian manufacturer of spacecraft. Parana, Brazil.

Parker Bertea.

  • Parker Bertea.

Parkland Memorial Hospital.

  • Parkland Memorial Hospital.

Paton.

  • Russian manufacturer.

Perkin Elmer.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Perkin Elmer, USA.

Perumtel.

  • Indonesian agency. Perumtel, Indonesia.

PFRR.

  • American agency. Poker Flat Research Range, USA.

PGSUS (Lockheed Martin and Rafael).

  • American manufacturer. PGSUS (Lockheed Martin and Rafael), USA.

Philco-Ford.

PIHM.

  • Polish manufacturer of rocket engines. Polish Hydro-Meteorological Institute, Poland.

Pilyugin.

  • Scientific Research Institute of Automatics & Instrumental-Building.

Pioneer.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Pioneer Rocketplane, USA.

PKO.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Anti-Ballistic Missile Forces, Russia.

PLA.

  • Chinese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. People's Liberation Army, China.

PLAAF.

  • Chinese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. People's Liberation Army Air Force, China.

Planetary Society.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Planetary Society, USA.

PO Kosmicheskaya Sviaz.

Poland Aviation Institute.

  • Polish manufacturer of rockets. Poland Aviation Institute, Poland.

Polikarpov.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Polikarpov Design Bureau, Russia.

Polish AF.

  • Polish AF.

Polyarniy.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Polyarniy Design Bureau, Russia.

Polyot.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. AKO Polyot, Omsk, Omsk, Russia.

Pomona.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Pomona, California, USA.

Potex.

  • French manufacturer of spacecraft. Potex, France.

Pratt and Whitney.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Pratt and Whitney, USA.

PRC.

  • Chinese Ministry of Astronautics, Beijing, China.

PRCAS.

  • Chinese agency. China, China.

Precision Engineering Design Bureau.

PRI.

  • PRI.

Princeton.

  • Princeton.

PSN.

  • Indonesian agency. PSN, Indonesia.

PSU.

  • PSU.

PT Telkom.

  • Indonesian agency. PT Telkom, Indonesia.

Puellenberg.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Puellenberg, Germany.

PVO.

  • Russian agency.

Qinetiq.

  • Australian agency. Qinetiq, Australia.

QuakeFinder.

  • American agency. QuakeFinder, USA.

RACE.

  • French agency. RACE, France.

Radioplane.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Radioplane, USA.

Raduga.

  • Russian manufacturer. Raduga Machine Design Bureau, Russia.

RAE.

  • British agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Royal Aerospace Establishment, UK.

RAF.

  • American agency. Royal Air Force, USA.

Rafael.

  • Israeli manufacturer. Rafael Armaments (IAI), Israel.

RAKA.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Russian Aviation and Space Agency (Rosaviakosmos), Moscow, Russia.

Rand.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Rand, Santa Monica, CA, USA.

Rapp.

  • German manufacturer. Rapp, Germany.

RASA.

  • Second Owner of RAKA

RascomStarQAF.

  • RascomStarQAF, Mauritius.

Rashkov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Rashkov Design Bureau, Korolev, Russia.

Raytheon.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Raytheon, USA.

RC Artilery.

  • Royal Canadian Artillery, Canada.

RCA.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. RCA, USA.

RCA Alas.

  • American agency. RCA Alas, USA.

RCA Amer.

  • American agency. RCA Amer, USA.

RCA Astro Electronics (1958-1986).

RCAF.

  • RCAF.

Reaction Motors.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Reaction Motors Incorporated, USA.

Red Army.

  • Red Army.

Redmond.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Redmond, USA.

Redondo Beach.

  • American manufacturer. Redondo Beach, USA.

Republic.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Republic, USA.

Reshetnev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Reshetnev Design Bureau, Krasnoyarsk-26/Zhelenogorsk, Russia.

Revere.

  • American manufacturer. Revere, USA.

Revolutionary Guards.

  • Iranian agency. Revolutionary Guards, Iran.

Rheinmetall.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Rheinmetall, Germany.

Rice.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Rice, USA.

RKA.

  • Russian Space Agency

RKK Energia (1976).

RN.

  • Royal Navy, UK.

RNAF.

  • RNAF

RO.

  • RO.

Rocket Research.

Rocketdyne.

Rocketdyne.

  • Rocketdyne, USA.

Rocketdyne Division of North American (1955).

RocketLab.

  • RocketLab.

Rockwell.

Rockwell.

Rockwell International Corp.

Rockwell Rocketdyne (1966?).

Rolls Royce.

  • British manufacturer of rocket engines. Rolls Royce, UK.

Romanian AF.

  • Romanian AF.

Rossiskoye Kosmicheskoye Agentsvo (Russian Space Agency).

  • First Owner of RAKA

Roton.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Roton, USA.

Royal Malaysia AF.

  • Royal Malaysia AF.

Royal Ordnance.

  • British manufacturer of rocket engines. Royal Ordnance, UK.

RPI.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. RPI, USA.

RRSS.

  • German manufacturer. Return and Rescue Space Systems, Germany.

RSAF.

  • RSAF.

RSC.

  • RSC

RSC Energia im S P Korolev.

RSRI.

  • Saudi agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Riyadh Space Research Institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

RS-Systems.

  • American manufacturer. RS-Systems, USA.

RTG.

  • RTG

RuAF.

  • Russian agency. Astronautical Federation of Russia, Russia.

Russian Space Agency.

  • Third Owner of RAKA

RVSN.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Raketniye Voiska Stratigcheskovo Naznacheniya (Russian Strategic Rocket Forces), Russia.

Ryan.

  • American manufacturer. Ryan, USA.

S A Kosberg.

S P Izotov.

Saab.

  • Swedish manufacturer. Saab Dynamics AB, Sweden.

Saar Roechling.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Saar Roechling, Germany.

Saenger.

  • German manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Saenger, Germany.

SAIC.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Science Applications International Corporation, USA.

Sakr.

  • Egyptian manufacturer. Sakr Factory, Egypt.

Samsung.

  • Samsung.

Sandia.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Sandia Laboratories, Albequerque, USA.

Sanjiang.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Sanjiang Space Group, Xiaogan, China.

Santa Clara.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Santa Clara, USA.

SARTI.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Shanghai Aerospace Research Tech. Inst. , Shangai, China

SAST.

SAST.

  • Third name of SISE

SAST.

  • Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology, Shangai, China.

Satelife.

  • American agency. Satelife, USA.

Satelind.

  • Indonesian agency. Satelind, Indonesia.

Satmex.

  • Mexican agency. Satellites Mexicanos SA de SV, Mexico City, Mexico.

Saudi Institute for Space Research.

  • Saudi manufacturer of spacecraft. Saudi Institute for Space Research, Saudi Arabia.

Saunders-Roe.

  • British manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Saunders-Roe, UK.

SB-1.

SBS.

  • American agency. SBS, USA.

Scaled.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Scaled Composites, USA.

SCC.

  • Japanese agency. Space Communications Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.

Schafer.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Schafer, USA.

Schellinger.

  • Schellinger

Schmiedl.

  • Austrian manufacturer of rockets. Schmiedl, Austria.

Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.

  • Iranian manufacturer of spacecraft. Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Iran.

SCREEM.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. SCREEM, USA.

SDIO.

  • Precursor organization to BMDO

SDIO.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (renamed the BMDO), USA.

Seal Beach.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Seal Beach, USA.

SeaLaunch.

  • American agency. SeaLaunch, USA.

SECT.

  • SECT

SEDS.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Students for the Exploration and Development of Space, USA.

Seliger.

  • German manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Seliger, Germany.

SEP.

  • First name of SEPR

SEPR.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines. Société Européene de Propulsion, France.

SEREB.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SEREB, France.

SES.

SES.

  • Luxembourg agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Societe Europeene des Satellites, Luxembourg.

SES Americom.

  • American agency. Americom, USA.

Sevruk.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Sevruk Design Bureau, Russia.

Shahid Hemmat IG.

  • Iranian manufacturer. Shahid Hemmat IG, Iran.

Shanghai.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Shanghai Institute of Electro-mechanical Design, Shanghai, China.

Shanghai Astronautics Bureau.

  • Chinese manufacturer. Shanghai Astronautics Bureau, Shanghai, China.

Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering.

  • Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering.

Shanghai No. 2 Bureau of Mechanic-Electrical Indus.

  • Chinese manufacturer. Shanghai No. 2 Bureau of Mechanic-Electrical Industry, Shanghai, China

Shanxi.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Shanxi Institute of Power Machinery, China.

Sheldahl.

  • Sheldahl.

Shinawat.

  • Thai agency. Shinawat, Thailand.

Short Brothers.

  • British manufacturer. Short Brothers, UK.

Siebe.

  • Siebe.

SII.

  • American agency. Space Industries Inc, Houston, Texas, Houston, USA.

SIL.

  • Pakistani manufacturer of spacecraft. Pakistan, Pakistan.

SIMED.

  • SIMED

SIMIT.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. SIMIT, China.

Sinilshchikov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Sinilshchikov Design Bureau, Korolev, Russia.

SinoSatCom.

  • Chinese agency. SinoSatCom, China.

Sirius.

  • American agency. Sirius Satellite Inc. , USA

SIS.

  • SIS

SISE.

  • Chinese manufacturer. Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering, Shangai, China.

SISP.

  • Swedish manufacturer of spacecraft. Swedish Inst. for Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden

SITAB Consortium.

SKB.

SKB-30.

SKB-31.

SKB-350.

  • SKB-350.

SKB-385.

Skychaser.

  • British manufacturer of rockets. Skychaser, UK.

Skynet.

  • Brazilian agency.

Slovak AF.

  • Slovak AF.

SMDC.

  • American agency. U. S. Army Space & Missile Defense Center (U. S. ), USA

SNECMA.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SNECMA, France.

SNPE.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines. Societe Nationale des Poudres et Explosifs, France.

SNTK imeni N. D. Kuznetsova.

Sovetskaya Molodyozh.

  • Sovetskaya Molodyozh, Russian newspaper.

Space Adentures.

  • Space Adentures.

Space Imaging.

  • Space Imaging.

Space Industries.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Space Industries Inc, Houston, USA.

Space Launch Corporation.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Space Launch Corporation, USA.

Space Services.

  • Space Services.

Space Solid Fuel Rocket Carrier Co Ltd.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rockets. Space Solid Fuel Rocket Carrier Co Ltd, China.

Space Systems.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Space Systems, USA.

Space Systems/Loral (1990).

Space Vector.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Space Vector, USA.

SpaceDev.

  • SpaceDev, USA.

Spacehab.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Spacehab, Inc. , Houston, Houston, USA

SpaceIm.

  • American agency. Space Imaging, Thornton. , Thornton, USA

Spaceplane.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Spaceplane, USA.

SpaceX.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. SpaceX, USA.

Spar.

  • Canadian manufacturer of spacecraft. Spar Aerospace, Canada.

Spectrum Astro.

Sperry.

  • American manufacturer. Sperry, USA.

SPFLA.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets. Florida Spaceport Authority, USA.

SPOT-Image.

  • French agency.

Sprague.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Sprague, Temecula, California, USA.

SRC.

  • British National Space Research Council, UK.

SS.

  • SS

SSC.

  • Swedish manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Swedish Space Corporation, Sweden.

SSC/MBB/ERNO.

SSERC.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Shanghai Satellite Engineering and Research Centre, Shanghai, China.

SSETI.

  • SSETI.

SSI.

  • American agency. Space Services Incorporated, USA.

SSTL.

STA.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets. Science and Technology Agency, Japan.

Stanford.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Stanford University, USA.

Starchaser Industries.

  • British manufacturer of spacecraft. Starchaser Industries, UK.

Starsem.

  • French agency. Starsem SA, Paris, France.

Starstruck.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Starstruck Incorporated, USA.

STC.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. STC, USA.

Stechkin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Stechkin Design Bureau, Russia.

Stellat.

  • French agency. Stellat, France.

Stellenbosch.

  • South African manufacturer of spacecraft. Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

STENSAT.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. STENSAT, Washington DC, Washington, DC, USA.

Stepanov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Stepanov Design Bureau, Russia.

Stevenage.

  • British manufacturer. Stevenage, Stevenage, UK.

STLC.

  • American agency. STLC, USA.

Sud.

  • French manufacturer of rocket engines. Sud Aviation, France.

Sud Aviation.

  • First Owner of Sud

SUI.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. State University of Iowa, USA.

Sukhoi.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Sukhoi Design Bureau, Russia.

Suparco.

  • Pakistani manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission, Pakistan.

Surrey.

  • British manufacturer of spacecraft. Surrey Satellite Technologies Ltd. , Guildford, UK

SVC.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. SVC, USA.

Svyaz.

  • Russian agency. Kosmicheskaya Sviaz, Moscow, Russia.

Swales.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Swales Aerospace, USA.

Swedish Insitute for Space Physics.

  • Swedish manufacturer of spacecraft. Swedish Insitute for Space Physics, Sweden.

Swiss AF.

  • Swiss AF.

Sylvania.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Sylvania Electric, USA.

Sylvania Electri.

  • American manufacturer. Sylvania Electri, USA.

SYMC.

  • SYMC

Syrian AF.

  • Syrian AF.

Systems Research Corporation.

t/Space.

  • t/Space.

Taiwan.

  • First name of NSPO

Taiwan-NSPO.

  • Taiwan-NSPO.

Taurus Systems GmbH.

  • German manufacturer. Taurus Systems GmbH, Germany.

TCI.

  • American agency. Telcom, Indonesia, USA.

Technion.

  • Israeli manufacturer of spacecraft. Technion Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Tele Mex.

  • Brazilian agency. Tele Mex, Brazil.

Telebras.

  • Brazilian agency. Telebras, Brazil.

Teledesic.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Teledesic Corp. , USA

Teledyne Ryan.

  • American manufacturer. Teledyne Ryan, USA.

Teleglobe.

  • Teleglobe.

Telenor.

  • Norwegian agency. Telenor, Oslo, Norway.

Telesat.

  • Canadian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Telesat Canada, Canada.

Telespazio.

  • Italian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Telespazio, Italy.

Temco.

  • American manufacturer. Temco, USA.

Tennessee.

  • Tennessee.

Tethers.

  • American agency. Tethers, USA.

Texas Instruments.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Texas Instruments, USA.

TGV Rockets.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. TGV Rockets, USA.

Thales Alenia Space.

Thangavelu.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Thangavelu, USA.

The Boeing Co..

  • American manufacturer. The Boeing Co. , USA

Thiel.

  • German manufacturer of rocket engines. Thiel, Germany.

Thiokol.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Thiokol Corporation, Ogden, UT, USA.

Thiokol Chemical Copr (1929).

Thiokol Corporation (1989).

Third Research Academy.

  • Chinese manufacturer. Third Research Academy, China.

Thuraya.

  • Emiratan agency. Thuraya Satellite, UAE.

Tikhomirov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Tikhomirov Design Bureau, Zhukovsky, Russia.

TIT.

  • Japanese manufacturer of spacecraft. Tokyo Insitute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan.

TMI.

  • Canadian agency. TMI, Canada.

TMKB Soyuz.

Tokyo.

  • Japanese agency. University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Tokyo Broadcasting.

  • Tokyo Broadcasting.

Tomashevit.

  • Russian manufacturer. Tomashevit Design Bureau, Russia.

Toronto.

  • Canadian agency. Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Torpov.

  • Russian manufacturer. Torpov Design Bureau, Russia.

Toshiba.

  • Japanese manufacturer of spacecraft. Toshiba Corp. , Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Toshiba Corp.

  • First Owner of NEC

Toulouse.

  • French manufacturer. Toulouse, Toulouse, France.

Tracor.

  • American manufacturer. Tracor, USA.

Truax.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Truax, USA.

TRW.

TRW.

TRW.

  • American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. TRW Corporation, Redondo Beach, CA, USA.

TRW Space & Electronics.

  • First Owner of TRW

TRW-IAI.

  • American manufacturer. TRW-IAI, USA.

Tsahal.

  • Israeli agency. Tsahal, Israel.

TsAO.

  • Russian agency. Central Aerology Observatory, Russia.

TsBank.

  • Russian agency. Central Bank of the Russian Federation.

TSCJ.

  • Japanese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. TSCJ, Japan.

Tsien.

  • Chinese manufacturer of rockets. Tsien, China.

Tsinghua.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Tsirulnikov.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Tsirulnikov Design Bureau, Russia.

TsKB-7.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. TsKB-7, Russia.

TsKBEM (1965).

TsKBEM Kuibyshev Filial.

TsNIIMASH.

  • Russian manufacturer of rocket engines. Central Scientific-Research Institute for Machine Building, Russia.

TsNPO Vympel.

TsSKB (1965).

TsUP.

  • Russian manufacturer.

Tsurilnikov.

  • Russian manufacturer.

Tsybin.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Tsybin Design Bureau, Russia.

TUAF.

  • TUAF

TUB.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. Technische Universitaet Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Tubitak-Bilten.

  • Turkish agency. Tubitak-Bilten, Turkey.

Tupolev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Tupolev Design Bureau, Russia.

Turk Tel.

  • Turkish Posts and Telecom Ministry, Turkey.

Turkish AF.

  • Turkish agency.

U.S. Navy.

  • American agency.

UC-L.

  • UC-L.

UH.

  • UH.

UK.

  • United Kingdom(UK-X4).

UK Defence Reseach Agency.

  • British agency. UK Defence Reseach Agency, UK.

Ukraine AF.

  • Ukraine AF.

UM.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. UM, USA.

UM-JPL.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. UM-JPL, USA.

UM-NASA.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. UM-NASA, USA.

UM-USAF.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. UM-USAF, USA.

UNAM.

  • Mexican agency. Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

United Aircraft.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. United Aircraft, USA.

United Technologies.

  • American manufacturer. United Technologies, USA.

United Technologies Corporation.

  • First Owner of CSD

United Technology Center.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. United Technology Center, USA.

Universidad Politecnia de Madrid.

  • Spanish manufacturer of spacecraft. Universidad Politecnia de Madrid, Spain.

University of Bern.

  • Swiss manufacturer. University of Bern, Switzerland.

University of Bremen.

  • German manufacturer of spacecraft. University of Bremen, Germany.

University of California.

  • UC.

University of Harbin.

University of Surrey.

  • British manufacturer of spacecraft. University of Surrey, UK.

UNKS.

  • Russian agency. Directorate of the Commander of Space Assets, Russia.

UP Aerospace.

  • UP Aerospace.

Up Industries.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Up Industries, USA.

UPM.

  • Spanish manufacturer of spacecraft. Madrid Polytechnic University, Madrid, Spain.

UQU.

  • Australian agency. University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia.

US.

  • American agency.

US Army.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. US Army, USA.

USA.

  • United States Army.

USA ABMA.

  • American agency. Army Ballistic Missile Agency, USA.

USA ACE.

  • American agency. USA ACE, USA.

USA BMO.

  • American agency. US Army Ballistic Missiles Office, USA.

USA BRL.

  • American agency. US Army Ballistic Research Laboratory, USA.

USA ERDL.

  • American agency. US Army Engineer Research and Development Laboratory, USA.

USA MDA.

  • American agency. USA MDA, USA.

USA OR.

  • American agency. US Army Ordnance Research and Development Division Sub-Office (Rocket), USA.

USA SCEL.

  • American agency. US Army Signal Corps Engineering Laboratories, USA.

USA SDC.

  • American agency. US Army Strategic Defense Command, USA.

USA SMDC.

  • American agency. US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, USA.

USA SRDL.

  • American agency. US Army Signal Research and Development Laboratory, USA.

USA SSDC.

  • American agency. US Army Space and Strategic Defense Command, USA.

USA TOPO.

  • American agency. USA TOPO, USA.

USA USA.

  • American agency. US Army 84th Field Artillery, USA.

USAF.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. United States Air Force, USA.

USAF ACC.

  • American agency. Air Combat Command, USA.

USAF AFC.

  • American agency. USAF AFC, USA.

USAF AFMC.

  • American agency. Air Force Materiel Command, USA.

USAF AFSC.

  • American agency. Air Force Systems Command, USA.

USAF AFSPC.

  • American agency. Air Force Space Command, USA.

USAF AFSWC.

  • American agency. Air Force Special Weapons Center, USA.

USAF APGC.

  • American agency. Air Proving Ground Command, USA.

USAF BMD.

  • American agency. USAF Ballistic Systems Division, USA.

USAF BMO.

  • American agency. Ballistic Missiles Office, USA.

USAF Colorado Springs.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. USAF Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA.

USAF CRL.

  • American agency. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, USA.

USAF Edwards.

  • American agency. Aerospace Research Pilot School.

USAF ETR.

  • American agency. Eastern Test Range, USA.

USAF GL.

  • American agency. US Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, USA.

USAF NAIC.

  • American agency. National Air Intelligence Center, USA.

USAF OAR.

  • American agency. USAF OAR, USA.

USAF RL.

  • American agency. USAF Research Laboratory, USA.

USAF Rome.

  • American agency. USAF Rome, Rome, New York, USA.

USAF SAC.

  • American agency. Strategic Air Command, USA.

USAF SAMSO.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Space and Missile Systems Organization, USA.

USAF SM.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Air Force Space and Missiles Command, USA.

USAF SOR.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. USAF SOR, USA.

USAF STP.

  • American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. USAF STP, USA.

USAF Study.

  • American agency. USAF Study, USA.

USAF TAC.

  • American agency. Tactical Air Command, USA.

USAFA.

  • American manufacturer. USAFA, USA.

USAMICOM.

  • American manufacturer. USAMICOM, USA.

USC.

  • American manufacturer. USC, USA.

USCG.

  • USCG.

USEF.

  • Japanese agency. USEF, Japan.

USMC.

  • USMC.

USN.

  • American agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. USN Joint Task Force 7, USA.

USN NASC.

  • American agency. USN NASC, USA.

USN Naval Prop Plant.

  • Naval Prop Plant.

USN NMC.

  • American agency. Naval Missile Center, USA.

USN NOL.

  • American agency. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, USA.

USN NOTS.

  • American agency. Naval Ordnance Test Station, USA.

USN ONR.

  • American agency. Office of Naval Research, USA.

USN PGS.

  • American agency. USN Postgraduate School, USA.

USNA.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. United States Naval Academy, USA.

V G Stepanov.

V N Chelomei.

V P Glushko.

Valier.

  • German manufacturer of rockets. Valier, Germany.

Valley Forge.

  • American manufacturer. Valley Forge, USA.

Vanguard.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Vanguard Spacecraft, USA.

VfR.

  • Verein fuer Raumschiffahrt.

Vietnamese AF.

  • Vietnamese AF.

Virgin Galactic.

  • Virgin Galactic.

Virginia.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Virginia Polytechnic, USA.

VKA.

  • Russian agency. Military Space Force, Russia.

VKS.

  • Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Military Space Force, Russia.

VMF.

  • Russian agency. Voenno-Morskoy Flot (Navy), Russia.

VNIIEM.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. VNII Elektromekhaniki (Russian abbreviation for All-Union Scientific-Research Institute for Electro-Mechanics), Russia.

Von Braun.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Von Braun, USA.

Vosdushny Transport.

  • Vosdushny Transport, Russian journal.

Votinsk.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets. Votinsk, Votinsk, Russia.

Vought.

  • American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Vought, USA.

VVS.

  • Russian air force.

Vympel.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Vympel Central Scientific Production Assoc. , Dubna, Russia

Wallops.

  • American agency. Wallops Flight Facility, USA.

Weber.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Weber State University, Utah, USA.

Wehrmacht.

  • German agency overseeing development of rocket engines and rockets. Wehrmacht, Germany.

Western Electric.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Western Electric, USA.

Willys-Overland.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Willys-Overland, USA.

Winkler.

  • First German manufacturer of rockets.

Wisconsin-Madison.

  • Wisconsin-Madison.

WO.

  • British agency. UK Special Projectile Operations Group, UK.

Woodhouse and Taylor.

  • Woodhouse and Taylor.

Worcester Poly.

  • Worcester Poly.

Worldspace.

  • American agency. Worldspace Incorporated, Washington, DC, USA.

WPLTN.

  • Australian agency. Western Pacific Laser Tracking Network, Australia.

WRE.

  • Australian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Australian Weapons Research Establishment, Australia.

Wright.

  • American manufacturer of rocket engines. Wright, USA.

WUTC.

  • American agency. WUTC, USA.

XCOR.

  • XCOR, USA.

XM Radio.

  • American agency. XM Radio, USA.

Yakovlev.

  • Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Yakovlev Design Bureau, Russia.

Yale.

  • Yale.

Yuzhnoye.

  • Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine.

ZAO.

  • ZAO

Zhejiang.

  • Chinese manufacturer of spacecraft. Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China.

ZIMCOR.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. ZIMCOR, USA.

Zinney.

  • American manufacturer of rockets. Zinney, USA.

Zubrin.

  • American manufacturer of spacecraft. Zubrin, USA.

Zvezda.

  • Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Zvezda Design Bureau, Russia.

More... - Chronology...

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