Encyclopedia Astronautica
EADS Astrium


British manufacturer of spacecraft. EADS Astrium, UK.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Mars Express European Mars orbiter. One launch, 2003.06.02. The European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter, designed to be built more quickly than any other comparable planetary mission, was a resounding success. More...
  • Myriade Micro-satellite product line developed jointly by EADS Astrium and the French Space Agency CNES beginning in 1998. Operational, first launch 2004.12.18. More...
  • Helios 2 French military surveillance satellite. One launch, 2004.12.18. French military surveillance satellite series which began service in 2004. More...
  • TerraSAR-X German civilian surveillance radar satellite. First launch 2007.06.15. Scientific / commercial surveillance satellite, equipped with an X-band synthetic aperture radar with 1 meter resolution More...
  • Skynet 5 British military communications satellite. One launch, 2008.06.12. The Skynet 5 program contract was signed by the EADS subsidiary Paradigm Secure Communications Ltd and the UK MOD in October 2003. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • Eutelsat EUTELSAT regional geostationary telecommunication satellite for European countries. Operated by the EUTELSAT organization. More...
  • Intelsat Intelsat operated the world's first commercial communications satellite. It has provided the scheduled transoceanic television and voice and data communications service ever since. More...

EADS Astrium Chronology


2004 March 15 - . 23:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-03.
  • W3A - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28187 . COSPAR: 2004-008A. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,761 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Moved from Ariane 5. The satellite was to provide a full range of telecommunications applications including digital DVB broadcasting, multimedia, broadband access and pay-per-use bandwidth for corporate networks over a large zone covering Europe and Africa, for a minimum of 12 years. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 6.95E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.

2004 May 20 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Taurus 3210. LV Configuration: Taurus 3210 T7 (XL).
  • ROCSAT 2 - . Payload: LeoStar 500XO. Mass: 760 kg (1,670 lb). Nation: Taiwan. Agency: NSPO. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: ROCSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 28254 . COSPAR: 2004-018A. Apogee: 891 km (553 mi). Perigee: 887 km (551 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 102.80 min. Summary: Delayed from October, November 25, 2003; January 17, February 26, April 9 and 22, May 17, 2004..

2004 June 16 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-06.
  • Intelsat 10-02 - . Payload: Eurostar 3000H. Mass: 5,575 kg (12,290 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28358 . COSPAR: 2004-022A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Heaviest single payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit to that date. Delayed from late 2003, June 10 and 15, 2004. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 0.99W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day..

2004 August 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-07.
  • Amazonas - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,545 kg (10,020 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Hispasat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28393 . COSPAR: 2004-031A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Delayed from June, July 25. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 61.03W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2004 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G+ V165 (520).
  • Helios 2A - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Helios 2. USAF Sat Cat: 28492 . COSPAR: 2004-049A. Apogee: 690 km (420 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.0770 deg. Period: 98.39 min. Summary: First of two new-generation French military surveillance satellites. Last flight of Ariane 5G model. Launch delayed from December 10..
  • Parasol - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28498 . COSPAR: 2004-049G. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 98.0780 deg. Period: 97.91 min. Parasol carried a wide-field imaging radiometer/polarimeter called POLDER (Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances), designed in partnership with the LOA atmospheric optics laboratory in Lille (CNRS-USTL). POLDER was designed to improve the knowledge of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols by measuring the directionality and polarization of light reflected by the Earth-atmosphere system.
  • Essaim 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28494 . COSPAR: 2004-049C. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 663 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.0760 deg. Period: 97.96 min. The Essaim demonstrator was a system of several micro-satellites (Essaim means 'swarm' in French) for 'analysis of the electro-magnetic environment of the Earth's surface' (electronic intelligence). DGA, the French Ministry of Defence's procurement agency, developed the project. The system also comprised a ground control segment and a ground station for data processing. It was called a 'demonstrator' since the mission's objective was to assess the operational capability of such a system, paving the way for the next generation. The Essaim satellites were based on EADS Astrium's Myriade multipurpose micro-satellite. In early 2000, the DGA awarded the contract for the development, manufacturing of this turnkey system of micro-satellites and associated ground segment. Under the contract, EADS Astrium was also responsible for personnel training and system operations during the three-year life duration of the programme.
  • Essaim 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28495 . COSPAR: 2004-049D. Apogee: 664 km (412 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28496 . COSPAR: 2004-049E. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 654 km (406 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Military. Type: Electronic intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28497 . COSPAR: 2004-049F. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

2005 March 11 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 431. LV Configuration: Atlas V 431 AV-004.
  • Inmarsat 4-F1 - . Payload: Inmarsat 4A / Eurostar 3000GM. Mass: 5,959 kg (13,137 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Inmarsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Inmarsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28628 . COSPAR: 2005-009A. Apogee: 36,011 km (22,376 mi). Perigee: 35,562 km (22,097 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Heaviest single payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit to that date. Delayed from October 2004, February 27, March 10, 2005. The satellite was to provide L-band mobile communications and wideband data transmission for Inmarsat's global network. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.82E drifting at 0.000E degrees per day.

2005 September 8 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-12.
  • Anik F1-R - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28868 . COSPAR: 2005-036A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Moved up from October, delayed from August 9, moved up from September 15 . Telesat Canada communications satellite operating in C- and Ku-band. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 107.32W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2005 October 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. FAILURE: The first stage burned to depletion due to a missing command in the software sequence. This resulted in the second stage failing to separate.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • CryoSat - . Mass: 717 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: CryoSat. COSPAR: F20051008A. Summary: ESA Earth Explorer 1 mission failed to orbit. The satellite was to have used radar altimetry for environmental survey of polar ice with great accuracy. Delayed from November 2004, March 25, June 24, July 11, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2006 February 28 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-11. FAILURE: Briz-M stage shut down 27.5 minutes into a planned 31-minute burn and could not be restarted. The failure left the satellite in a useless orbit from which it quickly decayed... Failed Stage: 4.
  • Arabsat 4 - . Payload: ES-2000+. Mass: 3,341 kg (7,365 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arabsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. Decay Date: 2006-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 28943 . COSPAR: 2006-006A. Apogee: 14,684 km (9,124 mi). Perigee: 497 km (308 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 273.80 min. Summary: The satellite seperated from the stage but the mission could not be rescued. It was ordered to fire its apogee engine around 00:20 GMT on March 24 to lower its perigee into the atmosphere. It reportedly burned up over the South Pacific at 02:07 GMT..

2006 July 28 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot s/n 9.
  • Kompsat 2 - . Payload: Arirang-2. Mass: 798 kg (1,759 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KARI. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: KOMPSAT-2. USAF Sat Cat: 29268 . COSPAR: 2006-031A. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Carried a 1-meter-resolution Earth surveillance camera...

2006 August 4 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-14.
  • Hot Bird 8 - . Mass: 4,875 kg (10,747 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 29270 . COSPAR: 2006-032A. Apogee: 35,817 km (22,255 mi). Perigee: 35,755 km (22,217 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band communications direct broadcast satellite to supplement Eutelsat constellation of Hot Birds. As of 2007 Mar 4 located at 13.03E drifting at 0.010E degrees per day..

2006 November 8 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-15.
  • Badr 4 ARABSAT 4B - . Mass: 3,280 kg (7,230 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arabsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 29526 . COSPAR: 2006-051A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Dry mass 1487 kg. The satellite provided Ku-band communications services for Arab League countries. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 26.06E drifting at 0.011E degrees per day..

2007 March 11 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V175 (535).
  • Skynet 5A - . Mass: 4,635 kg (10,218 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Paradigm. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 30794 . COSPAR: 2007-007B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Skynet 5A was launched by Paradigm Secure Communications as part of its turnkey contract to provide a secure communications satellite network to the British military and NATO..

2007 June 15 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr s/n No. 9.
  • TerraSAR-X - . Mass: 1,346 kg (2,967 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: TerraSAR-X. USAF Sat Cat: 31701 . COSPAR: 2007-026A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Summary: Scientific/commercial surveillance satellite. equipped with an X-band synthetic aperture radar with 1 meter resolution.

2008 October 1 - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Theos - . Mass: 715 kg (1,576 lb). Nation: Thailand. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: ROCSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 33396 . COSPAR: 2008-049A. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 673 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 98.40 min. Summary: Thai surveillance satellite, based on EADS Astrium bus used for ROCSAT-2..

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