Encyclopedia Astronautica
BMDO


American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Ballistic Missile Defence Organization (formerly SDIO), USA.

AKA: SDIO.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • IS-A Russian military anti-satellite system. 22 launches, 1967.10.27 (Cosmos 185) to 1982.06.18 (Cosmos 1379). First operational ASAT. Tested in 1967-1971 and deployed through the late 1970's. Design as revised by Yangel and Korolev from Chelomei's original. More...
  • CRO American military strategic defense satellite. 3 launches, 1991.04.28 (CRO-C) to (CRO-A). More...
  • ISAS Interstage Adapter Subsystem, consisting of the STAR-37M solid rocket motor, the Interstage Adapter for Clementine, and radiation detectors. It transmitted radiation data on the Van Allen Radiation belts for three months. American military technology satellite. One launch, 1994.01.25. More...
  • Clementine American lunar orbiter. One launch, 1994.01.25. Clementine was jointly sponsored by BMDO and NASA as the Deep Space Program Science Experiment (DSPSE). More...
  • STRV British technology satellite. 4 launches, 1994.06.17 (STRV-1B) to 2000.11.16 (STRV-1d). More...
  • Skipper Russian technology satellite. One launch, 1995.12.28. Aerobraking investigation; satellite provided by Russia, instruments by Utah State University; solar array shorted immediately following deployment and ended mission. More...
  • MSX American military strategic defense satellite. One launch, 1996.04.24. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

BMDO Chronology


1993 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries LEAP 3.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO; OSC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 January 25 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2G. LV Configuration: Titan II SLV 23G-11 / M68B-67 + M68B-89.
  • Clementine 1 - . Payload: Clementine 1 / DSPSE-ISA [Star-37FM]. Mass: 424 kg (934 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Clementine. USAF Sat Cat: 22973 . COSPAR: 1994-004A. Apogee: 409,890 km (254,690 mi). Perigee: 804 km (499 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. Period: 16,158.80 min. SDIO sensor technology demonstration; mapped lunar surface; planned asteroid flyby cancelled due to spacecraft failure. After two Earth flybys, lunar insertion was achieved on February 21. Lunar mapping took place over approximately two months, in two parts. The first part consisted of a 5 hour elliptical polar orbit with a perilune of about 400 km at 28 degrees S latitude. After one month of mapping the orbit was rotated to a perilune of 29 degrees N latitude, where it remained for one more month. This allowed global imaging as well as altimetry coverage from 60 degrees S to 60 degrees N. After leaving lunar orbit, a malfunction in one of the on-board computers on May 7 at 14:39 UTC (9:39 AM EST) caused a thruster to fire until it had used up all of its fuel, leaving the spacecraft spinning at about 80 RPM with no spin control. This made the planned continuation of the mission, a flyby of the near-Earth asteroid Geographos, impossible. The spacecraft remained in geocentric orbit and continued testing the spacecraft components until the end of mission. Additional Details: here....
  • ISA - . Payload: ISA. Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Decay Date: 1994-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 22987 . COSPAR: 1994-004C. Apogee: 126,958 km (78,887 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 3,075.57 min.

1994 February 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries LEAP Target.
  • LEAP FTV-TD - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 July 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • MSTI-2 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1995 February 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries LEAP Target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 March 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • LEAP FTV-3 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 March 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • LEAP FTV-4 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: LEAP-4. Missile Tracking and Discrimination for SDIO..

1995 May 16 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-X.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Continued expansion of flight envelope; constant angle of attack. Reached altitude of 1330 m during a 124 second flight..

1995 June 12 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-X.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: First use of reaction control system thrusters; demonstrated change of angle of attack from 0 to 70 degrees. Reached altitude of 1740 m during a 132 second flight..

1995 July 7 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-X.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Summary: Final flight of second series. Demonstrated turnaround maneuver. Aeroshell cracked during 4 m/s hard landing. Reached altitude of 2500 m during a 124 second flight..

1995 December 28 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M 2BL.
  • Skipper - . Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: BMDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Skipper. USAF Sat Cat: 23752 . COSPAR: 1995-072B. Apogee: 813 km (505 mi). Perigee: 804 km (499 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 101.10 min. Summary: Aerobraking investigation; satellite provided by Russia, instruments by Utah State University; solar array shorted immediately following deployment and ended mission..

1996 April 24 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-X. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10 D235.
  • MSX - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: MSX. USAF Sat Cat: 23851 . COSPAR: 1996-024A. Apogee: 907 km (563 mi). Perigee: 897 km (557 mi). Inclination: 99.4000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. Summary: LEO. Midcourse Space eXperiment; missile detection technology tests; also used for auroral and atmospheric studies .

1996 May 17 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: 36.0 N x 123.0 W. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus H. LV Configuration: Pegasus H F11.
  • MSTI-3 - . Payload: MSTI 3. Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: MSTI. Decay Date: 1997-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23868 . COSPAR: 1996-031A. Apogee: 432 km (268 mi). Perigee: 420 km (260 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: LEO. Sensor technology tests .

1996 August 29 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1996 October 16 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: LCLV. LV Configuration: LCLV Red Tigress 3.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1998 April 17 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi.
  • Red Crow Flight Experiment Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia; BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

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