Encyclopedia Astronautica
Romashka



r9bai.jpg
R-9 launch
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Pad-launched version.

Failures: 22. Success Rate: 67.65%. First Fail Date: 1961-04-25. Last Fail Date: 1969-12-15. Maximum range: 10,000 km (6,000 mi).

AKA: R-9; R-9A; SS-8 Mod. 1; 8K75; Desna-N; Sasin; Romashka.
Gross mass: 100,000 kg (220,000 lb).
Height: 24.00 m (78.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.68 m (8.79 ft).
Thrust: 1,385.00 kN (311,360 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1961.04.09.
Last Launch: 1969.12.15.
Number: 68 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • R-9 ICBM developed by Korolev OKB using liquid oxygen/kerosene propellants. The Soviet military favoured storable propellants as advocated by Glushko and implemented by Yangel and Chelomei. Development of the R-9 was protracted and it was deployed in only very limited numbers between 1964 and 1974. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

Associated Stages
  • R-9A Stage 1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 61,600/4,000 kg. Thrust 1,595.83 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 311.4 seconds. Payload 3,500 kg. Range 13,000 km. Accuracy (90%) 8 km in range and 5 km in dispersion with radio guidance; 20 km / 10 km with inertial guidance. Empty mass estimated. More...
  • R-9A Stage 2 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 15,900/2,500 kg. Thrust 304.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 330 seconds. Empty mass estimated. Developed into Molniya/Soyuz second stage. More...

Romashka Chronology


1961 April 9 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10308.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi). Summary: The R-9 launch went normally, from the launch pad adjacent to that from which Yuri Gagarin would be launched three days later, in view of the cosmonauts..

1961 April 21 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10309.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 April 25 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-02T. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 May 29 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10310. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 June 2 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-01T. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 July 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10312.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 July 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-25.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 August 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10313. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 September 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10311. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 September 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10314. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 September 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10315.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 October 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-21.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 October 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-22. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-23.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 October 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-24. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 March 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 March 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 April 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 April 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 April 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 June 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 June 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 June 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 June 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 July 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 July 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 July 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 October 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure..
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). In a test of nuclear fratricide and ABM effectiveness, an R-5M (some sources say an R-12) launched a live thermonuclear warhead toward Semipalitinsk/Sary Shagan which was detonated at an altitude of 150 km. Two R-9 ICBM's were launched minutes earlier, timed to pass through the zone of the explosion. Both missiles guided to the planned impact zone without apparent ill-effect. This high altitude test was designed to test electromagnetic pulse effects on electronics, especially ABM system radars and incoming 'friendly' ICBM's.

1963 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 February 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 February 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 March 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 March 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 May 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 June 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 July 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 September 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 September 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 October 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 November 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 December 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 December 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 December 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 December 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 January 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 January 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 January 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 January 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 January 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 January 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 January 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 February 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 May 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1964 September 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 March 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 March 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1969 December 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

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