Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-5A



yv5vormw.jpg
V-5V
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. Vertical launch version of the R-5 missile for geophysical experiments retaining the nose cone of the IRBM, but equipped with a parachute recovery system. Experiments carried included solar ultraviolet spectroscopes, mass spectrometers for atmospheric composition studies, and capsules carrying dogs for zero-gravity biologically research.

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 97.44%. First Fail Date: 1960-11-24. Last Fail Date: 1960-11-24.

AKA: Vertikal; V-5A.
Gross mass: 24,400 kg (53,700 lb).
Height: 20.70 m (67.90 ft).
Diameter: 1.66 m (5.44 ft).
Thrust: 430.00 kN (96,660 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1958.02.21.
Last Launch: 1965.05.26.
Number: 39 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Early Russian Ballistic Missiles The true configuration of the world's first ICBM, the R-7, was revealed only in 1967, ten years after its first test. The Soviet N1 moon rocket was only revealed in 1990, 21 years after its first launch. At the same time, other Russian ballistic missiles were routinely paraded before the cameras of the world press even before they went into service. The extraordinary sensitivity of the Soviet leadership over these Korolev designs may be traced to the fact that they derived from the work of the Groettrup German rocket engineering team. More...
  • R-5 The R-5 was the first Soviet missile to be armed with a nuclear warhead, and the first for which the new southern facility at Dnepropetrovsk took over full design and production responsibility. The R-5 could deliver a 1425 kg warhead over a range of 1200 km, doubling the performance of the R-2. It was also the end of the road in being the ultimate extrapolation of German V-2 technology. Later missiles of both Yangel and Korolev would use other propellants and engine designs. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Chelkar Tactical missile site, known to have been used for 32 launches from 1958 to 1962, reaching up to 500 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages
  • R-5 Lox/Alcohol propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 27,250/3,250 kg. Thrust 479.22 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 244 seconds. More...

R-5A Chronology


1958 February 21 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Ionosphere / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi).

1958 February 21 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Some reports say that one of the four launches this day carried the dogs Palma and Pushok. The dogs were said to have died due to cabin decompression. Rumors of the death of a 'cosmonaut Shiborin' can perhaps be attributed to this incident, if indeed it did occur.

1958 February 21 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / meteorites mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 473 km (293 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Infrared atmosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / fields / mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi). Summary: Carried dogs Belyanka and Pestraya to 450 km altitude..

1958 September 19 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • E-1 Sodium test Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Meteorite mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi). Summary: Carried dogs to 430 km altitude..

1958 October 31 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Infrared atmosphere Ionosphere / solar / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Summary: Carried dogs to 415 km altitude..

1958 November 3 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 November 4 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 November 5 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 November 21 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1958 December 11 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 December 14 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1959 December 26 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 June 10 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 1 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 20 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 November 17 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 November 24 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 October 4 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 23 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 23 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 26 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 26 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 29 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 29 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 December 30 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 March 28 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 April 8 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 April 11 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 April 12 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 April 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 April 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 April 26 - . 14:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 May 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 May 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

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