Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-2R


Russian intermediate range ballistic missile.

First Launch: 1952.10.15.
Last Launch: 1955.01.01.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Early Russian Ballistic Missiles The true configuration of the world's first ICBM, the R-7, was revealed only in 1967, ten years after its first test. The Soviet N1 moon rocket was only revealed in 1990, 21 years after its first launch. At the same time, other Russian ballistic missiles were routinely paraded before the cameras of the world press even before they went into service. The extraordinary sensitivity of the Soviet leadership over these Korolev designs may be traced to the fact that they derived from the work of the Groettrup German rocket engineering team. More...
  • R-2 The Soviet R-2 ballistic missile was developed in 1947-1953, nearly in parallel with the R-1 from which it derived. It incorporated many detailed improvements, had double the range of the R-1 and V-2, and was equipped with a deadly radiological warhead. The ethyl alcohol used in the V-2 and R-1 was replaced by methyl alcohol in the R-2, eliminating the problem of the launch troops drinking up the rocket fuel. Versions of the R-2 for suborbital manned flight were studied by Korolev in 1956-1958, but it was decided instead to move directly to orbital flights of the Vostok. However some equipment tested on the R-2 found its way onto canine flights of Sputnik and Vostok. The R-2 design was transferred to China in 1957 to 1961, providing the technical basis of the Chinese rocket industry. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Associated Stages
  • R-2 Lox/Alcohol propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 19,632/4,592 kg. Thrust 404.11 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 237 seconds. Payload 1350 / 508 kg. Range 550 km. Maximum altitude 171 km. Time of flight 7.5 minutes. Max velocity at burnout 2175 m/s. Accuracy 8 km in range, 4 km laterally. More...

R-2R Chronology


1952 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-2R. LV Configuration: R-2R RUD 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1952 October 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-2R. LV Configuration: R-2R RUD 2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1952 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-2R. LV Configuration: R-2R RUD 3.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1952 October 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-2R. LV Configuration: R-2R RUD 4.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1952 October 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-2R. LV Configuration: R-2R RUD 5.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 January - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2R.
  • Experimental flight test, plume effect on telemetry transmission. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: R-3 development work..

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