Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-11M


Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Improved production version of R-11, not retired until 1977.

Data is accurate. Source: placards at Orevo and TsNIIMASH.

Standard warhead: 984 kg (2,169 lb). Maximum range: 320 km (190 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 10 KT. CEP: 0.45 km (0.27 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket, AK-29I/TM-182. Initial Operational Capability: 1965. Total Number Built: 2500.

AKA: SS-1C; 8K14; T-7B; Scud B.
Gross mass: 5,846 kg (12,888 lb).
Payload: 984 kg (2,169 lb).
Height: 11.25 m (36.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.88 m (2.88 ft).
Span: 1.80 m (5.90 ft).
Thrust: 130.40 kN (29,315 lbf).
Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1955.12.30.
Last Launch: 1959.12.27.
Number: 93 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...
  • R-11 First Russian ballistic missile using storable propellants, developed from the German Wasserfall SAM by Korolev's OKB. The design was then spun off to the Makeyev OKB for development of Army (R-17 Scud) and SLBM (R-11FMA) derivatives. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Makeyev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Makeyev Design Bureau, Kolomna, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Associated Stages
  • R-11 Nitric acid/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 4,660/955 kg. Thrust 93.28 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 251 seconds. First Russian ballistic missile using storable propellants. Enlargement/elaboration of German Wasserfall SAM. Developed by Korolev OKB, then Makeyev OKB spun off to develop Army and SLBM derivatives. Range 270 km with 690 kg, accuracy 1.5 km/0.75 km. Maximum altitude 78 km. Time of flight 5.4 minutes. Max velocity at burnout 1430 m/s. Source: Wall chart, Russian Space Agency HQ, Moscow. More...

R-11M Chronology


1955 December 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1956 January 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-7.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 January 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-8.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 January 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1956 February 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-19.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-11.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 February 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-12.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 February 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-2.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 February 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-4.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1956 February 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-3.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1956 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M S1-9.
  • LKI 1A - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1956 August 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M A1-13.
  • LKI 1B - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M A1-6.
  • LKI 1B - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1956 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M A1-16.
  • LKI 1B - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1956 September 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M A1-17.
  • LKI 1B - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1957 March 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 April 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-25.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1957 April 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 April 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-22.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1957 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 August 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 August 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-28.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1957 August 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-29.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1957 August 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1957 August 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-10.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1957 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M M1-27.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1957 September 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1958 October 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B1-6T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B1-11.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 October 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-3.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 October 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-9T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 November 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B3-11.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 November 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B1-3.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 December 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B3-6T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 December 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-10.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 December 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-2T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 January 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B6897.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 January 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B681.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 March 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I2-15T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 March 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I2-6.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 April 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-16T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 April 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-12T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 April 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-6.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 April 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 April 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B2-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-5T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I3-1TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 10 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I3-2TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-5TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I3-4TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I3-3TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 June 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-23TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I4-7T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-18TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-20TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-24TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I4-1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I10-10T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I10-7.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I1-6TS.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 July 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I7-13T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 August 7 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I7-11.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-32.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 August 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-31.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-26.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I11-3T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I11-7.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 7 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-1T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B1-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-9T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-30.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I5-1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I5-6T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-27.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 September 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B4-28.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I8-20T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 October 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I8-10.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 October 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M B1-5.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I12-7T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 October 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I12-3.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 November 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I13-2T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 November 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I13-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I6-11.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I6-6T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I14-1T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I14-0.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I15-10.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I15-2T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I9-15.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 December 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-11M. LV Configuration: R-11M I9-6T.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

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